Rulers: United Kingdom

Ministries, political parties, etc.


Office of the Deputy Prime Minister

19 Feb 1942                first time a cabinet minister is given the title of
                           deputy prime minister
 8 Jun 2001                Office of the Deputy Prime Minister established in
                           the Cabinet Office
29 May 2002                Office of the Deputy Prime Minister becomes a
                           department in its own right
 5 May 2006                department abolished

Deputy prime ministers
19 Feb 1942 - 26 Jul 1945  Clement Attlee                     (b. 1883 - d. 1967)
27 Jul 1945 - 26 Oct 1951  Herbert Morrison                   (b. 1888 - d. 1965)
27 Oct 1951 -  6 Apr 1955  Anthony Eden (from 20 Oct 1954,
                           Sir Anthony Eden)                  (b. 1897 - d. 1977)
13 Jul 1962 - 20 Oct 1963  Richard Austen Butler              (b. 1902 - d. 1982)
                           (also titled first secretary of state)
 5 May 1979 - 10 Jan 1988  William Whitelaw, (from 11 Jun
                           1983) Viscount Whitelaw            (b. 1918 - d. 1999)
24 Jul 1989 -  1 Nov 1990  Sir Geoffrey Howe                  (b. 1926)
 5 Jul 1995 -  2 May 1997  Michael Heseltine                  (b. 1933)
                           (also titled first secretary of state)
 2 May 1997 - 27 Jun 2007  John Prescott                      (b. 1938)
                           (also titled first secretary of state)
11 May 2010 -              Nick Clegg                         (b. 1967)

Foreign and Commonwealth Office

Secretaries of state
- Northern Department -
       1697 -        1700  James Vernon (1st time)            (b. 1646 - d. 1727)
   Nov 1700 -    Dec 1701  Sir Charles Hedges (1st time)      (b. 1650? - d. 1714)
       1702                James Vernon (2nd time)            (s.a.)
   May 1702 -        1704  Sir Charles Hedges (2nd time)      (s.a.)
       1704 -        1708  Robert Harley                      (b. 1661 - d. 1724)
       1708 -        1710  Henry Boyle                        (b. 1669 - d. 1725)
       1710 -        1713  Henry St. John, (from 1712)
                           Viscount Bolingbroke               (b. 1678 - d. 1751)
       1713 -        1714  William Bromley                    (b. 1664 - d. 1732)
       1714 -        1716  Charles Townshend, Viscount
                           Townshend (1st time)               (b. 1674 - d. 1738)
       1716 -        1717  James Stanhope (1st time)          (b. 1673 - d. 1721)
       1717 -        1718  Charles Spencer, Earl of
                           Sunderland                         (b. 1674 - d. 1722)
       1718 -        1721  James Stanhope, Earl Stanhope
                           (2nd time)                         (s.a.)
       1721 -        1730  Charles Townshend, Viscount
                           Townshend (2nd time)               (s.a.)
   May 1730 -        1742  William Stanhope, Baron Harrington
                           (1st time)                         (b. 1690 - d. 1756)
       1742 -        1744  John Carteret, Baron Carteret      (b. 1690 - d. 1763)
       1744 -        1746  William Stanhope, Earl of
                           Harrington (2nd time)              (s.a.)
       1746 -        1748  Philip Dormer Stanhope, Earl of
                           Chesterfield                       (b. 1694 - d. 1773)
       1748 -        1754  Thomas Pelham-Holles, Duke of
                           Newcastle                          (b. 1693 - d. 1768)
       1754 -        1761  Robert Darcy, Earl of Holderness   (b. 1718 - d. 1778)
       1761 -        1762  John Stuart, Earl of Bute          (b. 1713 - d. 1792)
       1762                George Grenville                   (b. 1712 - d. 1770)
       1762 -        1763  George Montagu Dunk, Earl of
                           Halifax (1st time)                 (b. 1716 - d. 1771)
       1763 -        1765  John Montagu, Earl of Sandwich
                           (1st time)                         (b. 1718 - d. 1792)
       1765 -        1766  Augustus Henry Fitzroy, Duke of
                           Grafton                            (b. 1735 - d. 1811)
       1766 -        1768  Henry Seymour Conway               (b. 1721 - d. 1795)
       1768                Thomas Thynne, Viscount Weymouth
                           (1st time)                         (b. 1734 - d. 1796)
       1768 -        1770  William Nassau de Zuylestein,
                           Earl of Rochford                   (b. 1717 - d. 1781)
       1770 -        1771  John Montagu, Earl of Sandwich
                           (2nd time)                         (s.a.)
       1771                George Montagu Dunk, Earl of
                           Halifax (2nd time)                 (s.a.)
       1771 -        1779  Henry Howard, Earl of Suffolk
                           and Berkshire                      (b. 1739 - d. 1779)
       1779                Thomas Thynne, Viscount Weymouth
                           (2nd time)                         (s.a.)
       1779 -        1782  David Murray, Viscount Stormont    (b. 1727 - d. 1796)
- Foreign Affairs -
       1782                Charles James Fox (1st time)       (b. 1749 - d. 1806)
       1782 -        1783  Thomas Robinson, Baron Grantham    (b. 1738 - d. 1786)
       1783                Charles James Fox (2nd time)       (s.a.)
       1783                George Nugent-Temple-Grenville,
                           Earl Temple                        (b. 1753 - d. 1813)
       1783 -        1791  Francis Godolphin Osborne,
                           Marquess of Carmarthen
                           (from 1789, Francis Godolphin
                           Osborne, Duke of Leeds)            (b. 1751 - d. 1799)
       1791 -        1801  William Wyndham Grenville, Baron
                           Grenville                          (b. 1759 - d. 1834)
       1801 -        1804  Robert Banks Jenkinson, (from
                           1803) Baron Hawkesbury             (b. 1770 - d. 1828)
       1804                Dudley Ryder, Baron Harrowby       (b. 1762 - d. 1847)
       1805 -        1806  Henry Phipps, Baron Mulgrave       (b. 1755 - d. 1831)
       1806 -        1807  Charles Grey, Viscount Howick      (b. 1764 - d. 1845)
   Mar 1807 -    Sep 1809  George Canning (1st time)          (b. 1770 - d. 1827)
       1809                Henry Bathurst, Earl Bathurst      (b. 1762 - d. 1834)
       1809 -        1812  Richard Colley Wellesley, Marquess
                           Wellesley                          (b. 1760 - d. 1842)
       1812 - 12 Aug 1822  Robert Stewart, Viscount
                           Castlereagh (from Apr 1821, Robert
                           Stewart, Marquess of Londonderry)  (b. 1769 - d. 1822)
   Sep 1822 -        1827  George Canning (2nd time)          (s.a.)
       1827 -        1828  John William Ward, Viscount Dudley
                           and Ward (from 1827, John William
                           Ward, Earl of Dudley)              (b. 1781 - d. 1833)
       1828 -        1830  George Hamilton-Gordon, Earl of
                           Aberdeen (1st time)                (b. 1784 - d. 1860)
       1830 -        1834  Henry John Temple, Viscount
                           Palmerston (1st time)              (b. 1784 - d. 1865)
       1834 -        1835  Arthur Wellesley, Duke of
                           Wellington                         (b. 1769 - d. 1852)
       1835 -        1841  Henry John Temple, Viscount
                           Palmerston (2nd time)              (s.a.)
       1841 -        1846  George Hamilton-Gordon, Earl of
                           Aberdeen (2nd time)                (s.a.)
       1846 -    Dec 1851  Henry John Temple, Viscount
                           Palmerston (3rd time)              (s.a.)
   Dec 1851 -        1852  Granville George Leveson-Gower,
                           Earl Granville (1st time)          (b. 1815 - d. 1891)
       1852                James Howard Harris, Earl of
                           Malmesbury (1st time)              (b. 1807 - d. 1889)
       1852 -        1853  Lord John Russell (1st time)       (b. 1792 - d. 1878)
       1853 -        1858  George William Frederick Villiers,
                           Earl of Clarendon (1st time)       (b. 1800 - d. 1870)
       1858 -        1859  James Howard Harris, Earl of
                           Malmesbury (2nd time)              (s.a.)
       1859 -        1865  Lord John Russell (from 30 Jul
                           1861, John Russell, Earl Russell)
                           (2nd time)                         (s.a.)
       1865 -        1866  George William Frederick Villiers,
                           Earl of Clarendon (2nd time)       (s.a.)
       1866 -        1868  Edward Henry Stanley (1st time)    (b. 1826 - d. 1893)
       1868 -        1870  George William Frederick Villiers,
                           Earl of Clarendon (3rd time)       (s.a.)
       1870 - 21 Feb 1874  Granville George Leveson-Gower,
                           Earl Granville (2nd time)          (s.a.)
21 Feb 1874 -  2 Apr 1878  Edward Henry Stanley, Earl of
                           Derby (2nd time)                   (s.a.)
 2 Apr 1878 - 28 Apr 1880  Robert Arthur Talbot
                           Gascoyne-Cecil, Marquess of
                           Salisbury (1st time)               (b. 1830 - d. 1903)
28 Apr 1880 - 24 Jun 1885  Granville George Leveson-Gower,
                           Earl Granville (3rd time)          (s.a.)
24 Jun 1885 -  6 Feb 1886  Robert Arthur Talbot
                           Gascoyne-Cecil, Marquess of
                           Salisbury (2nd time)               (s.a.)
 6 Feb 1886 -  3 Aug 1886  Archibald Primrose, Earl of
                           Rosebery (1st time)                (b. 1847 - d. 1929)
 3 Aug 1886 -    Jan 1887  Stafford Henry Northcote, Earl of
                           Iddesleigh                         (b. 1818 - d. 1887)
   Jan 1887 -        1892  Robert Arthur Talbot
                           Gascoyne-Cecil, Marquess of
                           Salisbury (3rd time)               (s.a.)
       1892 - 10 Mar 1894  Archibald Primrose, Earl of
                           Rosebery (2nd time)                (s.a.)
10 Mar 1894 -        1895  John Wodehouse, Earl of Kimberley  (b. 1826 - d. 1902)
       1895 -        1900  Robert Arthur Talbot
                           Gascoyne-Cecil, Marquess of
                           Salisbury (4th time)               (s.a.)
       1900 -        1905  Henry Charles Keith Petty-
                           Fitzmaurice, Marquess of Lansdowne (b. 1845 - d. 1927)
       1905 -        1916  Sir Edward Grey (from 27 Jul 1916,
                           Edward Grey, Viscount Grey of
                           Fallodon)                          (b. 1862 - d. 1933)
10 Dec 1916 - 24 Oct 1919  Arthur James Balfour               (b. 1848 - d. 1930)
24 Oct 1919 - 22 Jan 1924  George Nathaniel Curzon, Earl
                           Curzon (from 1 Jul 1921, George
                           Nathaniel Curzon, Marquess Curzon) (b. 1859 - d. 1925)
23 Jan 1924 -  7 Nov 1924  Ramsay MacDonald                   (b. 1866 - d. 1937)
 7 Nov 1924 -  7 Jun 1929  Austen Chamberlain (from 1 Dec
                           1925, Sir Austen Chamberlain)      (b. 1863 - d. 1937)
 8 Jun 1929 - 26 Aug 1931  Arthur Henderson                   (b. 1863 - d. 1935)
26 Aug 1931 -  5 Nov 1931  Rufus Daniel Isaacs, Marquess of
                           Reading                            (b. 1860 - d. 1935)
 5 Nov 1931 -  7 Jun 1935  Sir John Simon                     (b. 1873 - d. 1954)
 7 Jun 1935 - 18 Dec 1935  Sir Samuel Hoare                   (b. 1880 - d. 1959)
22 Dec 1935 - 21 Feb 1938  Anthony Eden (1st time)            (b. 1897 - d. 1977)
25 Feb 1938 - 23 Dec 1940  Edward Wood, Viscount Halifax      (b. 1881 - d. 1959)
23 Dec 1940 - 27 Jul 1945  Anthony Eden (2nd time)            (s.a.)
27 Jul 1945 -  9 Mar 1951  Ernest Bevin                       (b. 1881 - d. 1951)
 9 Mar 1951 - 26 Oct 1951  Herbert Morrison                   (b. 1888 - d. 1965)
27 Oct 1951 -  5 Apr 1955  Anthony Eden (from 20 Oct 1954,
                           Sir Anthony Eden) (3rd time)       (s.a.)
 7 Apr 1955 - 20 Dec 1955  Harold Macmillan                   (b. 1894 - d. 1986)
20 Dec 1955 - 27 Jul 1960  Selwyn Lloyd                       (b. 1904 - d. 1978)
27 Jul 1960 - 20 Oct 1963  Alexander Frederick Douglas-Home,
                           Earl of Home (1st time)            (b. 1903 - d. 1995)
20 Oct 1963 - 17 Oct 1964  Richard Austen Butler              (b. 1902 - d. 1982)
17 Oct 1964 - 22 Jan 1965  Patrick Gordon Walker              (b. 1907 - d. 1980)
22 Jan 1965 - 10 Aug 1966  Michael Stewart (1st time)         (b. 1906 - d. 1990)
10 Aug 1966 - 15 Mar 1968  George Brown                       (b. 1914 - d. 1985)
15 Mar 1968 - 16 Oct 1968  Michael Stewart (2nd time)         (s.a.)
- Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs -
17 Oct 1968 - 20 Jun 1970  Michael Stewart                    (s.a.)
20 Jun 1970 -  4 Mar 1974  Sir Alec Douglas-Home (2nd time)   (s.a.)
 4 Mar 1974 -  8 Apr 1976  James Callaghan                    (b. 1912 - d. 2005)
 8 Apr 1976 - 19 Feb 1977  Anthony Crosland                   (b. 1918 - d. 1977)
21 Feb 1977 -  4 May 1979  David Owen                         (b. 1938)
 4 May 1979 -  6 Apr 1982  Peter Alexander Rupert Carington,
                           Baron Carrington                   (b. 1919)
 6 Apr 1982 -  9 Jun 1983  Francis Pym                        (b. 1922 - d. 2008)
 9 Jun 1983 - 24 Jul 1989  Sir Geoffrey Howe                  (b. 1926)
24 Jul 1989 - 26 Oct 1989  John Major                         (b. 1943)
26 Oct 1989 -  5 Jul 1995  Douglas Hurd                       (b. 1930)
 5 Jul 1995 -  2 May 1997  Malcolm Rifkind                    (b. 1946)
 2 May 1997 -  8 Jun 2001  Robin Cook                         (b. 1946 - d. 2005)
 8 Jun 2001 -  5 May 2006  Jack Straw                         (b. 1946)
 5 May 2006 - 28 Jun 2007  Margaret Beckett (f)               (b. 1943)
28 Jun 2007 - 12 May 2010  David Miliband                     (b. 1965)
12 May 2010 - 15 Jul 2014  William Hague                      (b. 1961)
15 Jul 2014 -              Philip Hammond                     (b. 1955)

Commonwealth Office

17 Oct 1968                merged with Foreign Office

Secretaries of state
- Dominion Affairs -
       1925 -  7 Jun 1929  Leopold Amery                      (b. 1873 - d. 1955)
       1929 -        1930  Sidney Webb, Baron Passfield       (b. 1859 - d. 1947)
       1930 -        1935  James Henry Thomas                 (b. 1874 - d. 1949)
       1935 -        1938  Malcolm John MacDonald (1st time)  (b. 1901 - d. 1981)
   May 1938 - 16 Oct 1938  Edward Montagu Cavendish Stanley,
                           Lord Stanley                       (b. 1894 - d. 1938)
       1938 -        1939  Malcolm John MacDonald (2nd time)  (s.a.)
       1939                Sir Thomas Inskip (1st time)       (b. 1876 - d. 1947)
       1939 -        1940  Anthony Eden                       (b. 1897 - d. 1977)
15 May 1940 -        1940  Thomas Inskip, Viscount Caldecote
                           (2nd time)                         (s.a.)
       1940 -        1942  Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, Viscount
                           Cranborne (1st time)               (b. 1893 - d. 1972)
       1942 -        1943  Clement Attlee                     (b. 1883 - d. 1967)
       1943 -  3 Aug 1945  Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, Viscount
                           Cranborne (2nd time)               (s.a.)
 3 Aug 1945 -        1947  Christopher Addison, Viscount
                           Addison                            (b. 1869 - d. 1951)
- Commonwealth Relations -
       1947                Christopher Addison, Viscount
                           Addison                            (s.a.)
       1947 -        1950  Philip Noel-Baker                  (b. 1889 - d. 1982)
       1950 -        1951  Patrick Gordon Walker              (b. 1907 - d. 1980)
       1951 -        1952  Hastings Ismay, Baron Ismay        (b. 1887 - d. 1965)
       1952                Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, Marquess
                           of Salisbury                       (s.a.)
       1952 -        1955  Philip Cunliffe-Lister, Viscount
                           Swinton                            (b. 1884 - d. 1972)
       1955 -        1960  Alexander Frederick Douglas-Home,
                           Earl of Home                       (b. 1903 - d. 1995)
       1960 -        1964  Duncan Sandys                      (b. 1908 - d. 1987)
       1964 -        1966  Arthur Bottomley                   (b. 1907 - d. 1995)
- Commonwealth Affairs -
       1966 -        1967  Herbert Bowden                     (b. 1905 - d. 1994)
   Aug 1967 - 16 Oct 1968  George Thomson                     (b. 1921 - d. 2008)

Colonial Office

       1768                post of colonial secretary created
       1782                duties given to home secretary
       1794                duties given to war secretary
       1854                office recreated
 1 Aug 1966                merged with Commonwealth Relations Office to create
                           Commonwealth Office

Secretaries of state
       1768 -        1772  Wills Hill, Earl of Hillsborough   (b. 1718 - d. 1793)
       1772 -        1775  William Legge, Earl of Dartmouth   (b. 1731 - d. 1801)
       1775 -        1782  George Sackville Germain           (b. 1716 - d. 1785)
       1782                Welbore Ellis                      (b. 1713 - d. 1802)
       1854 -        1855  Sir George Grey                    (b. 1799 - d. 1882)
       1855                Sidney Herbert                     (b. 1810 - d. 1861)
       1855                Lord John Russell                  (b. 1792 - d. 1878)
       1855 -        1858  Henry Labouchere                   (b. 1798 - d. 1869)
       1858                Edward Henry Stanley (1st time)    (b. 1826 - d. 1893)
       1858 -        1859  Sir Edward Bulwer-Lytton           (b. 1803 - d. 1873)
       1859 -        1864  Henry Pelham-Clinton, Duke of
                           Newcastle-under-Lyme               (b. 1811 - d. 1864)
       1864 -        1866  Edward Cardwell                    (b. 1813 - d. 1886)
       1866 -        1867  Henry Howard Molyneux Herbert,
                           Earl of Carnarvon (1st time)       (b. 1831 - d. 1890)
       1867 -        1868  Richard Plantagenet Campbell
                           Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-
                           Grenville, Duke of Buckingham
                           and Chandos                        (b. 1823 - d. 1889)
       1868 -        1870  Granville George Leveson-Gower,
                           Earl Granville (1st time)          (b. 1815 - d. 1891)
       1870 - 21 Feb 1874  John Wodehouse, Earl of Kimberley
                           (1st time)                         (b. 1826 - d. 1902)
21 Feb 1874 -        1878  Henry Howard Molyneux Herbert,
                           Earl of Carnarvon (2nd time)       (s.a.)
       1878 - 28 Apr 1880  Sir Michael Hicks-Beach            (b. 1837 - d. 1916)
28 Apr 1880 - 16 Dec 1882  John Wodehouse, Earl of Kimberley
                           (2nd time)                         (s.a.)
16 Dec 1882 - 24 Jun 1885  Edward Henry Stanley, Earl of
                           Derby (2nd time)                   (s.a.)
24 Jun 1885 -  6 Feb 1886  Frederick Arthur Stanley           (b. 1841 - d. 1908)
 6 Feb 1886 -        1886  Granville George Leveson-Gower,
                           Earl Granville (2nd time)          (s.a.)
 3 Aug 1886 -        1887  Edward Stanhope                    (b. 1840 - d. 1893)
       1887 - 18 Aug 1892  Sir Henry Thurstan Holland (from
                           1888, Henry Thurstan Holland,
                           Baron Knutsford)                   (b. 1825 - d. 1914)
18 Aug 1892 -        1895  George Frederick Samuel Robinson,
                           Marquess of Ripon                  (b. 1827 - d. 1909)
       1895 -  9 Oct 1903  Joseph Chamberlain                 (b. 1836 - d. 1914)
 9 Oct 1903 -        1905  Alfred Lyttelton                   (b. 1857 - d. 1913)
       1905 -        1908  Victor Alexander Bruce, Earl of
                           Elgin                              (b. 1849 - d. 1917)
       1908 -        1910  Robert Crewe-Milnes, Earl of Crewe (b. 1858 - d. 1945)
       1910 - 27 May 1915  Lewis Harcourt                     (b. 1863 - d. 1922)
27 May 1915 -        1916  Bonar Law                          (b. 1858 - d. 1923)
       1916 - 10 Jan 1919  Walter Hume Long                   (b. 1854 - d. 1924)
10 Jan 1919 -        1921  Alfred Milner, Viscount Milner     (b. 1854 - d. 1925)
       1921 -        1922  Winston Churchill                  (b. 1874 - d. 1965)
       1922 - 23 Jan 1924  Victor Christian William
                           Cavendish, Duke of Devonshire      (b. 1868 - d. 1938)
23 Jan 1924 -  7 Nov 1924  James Henry Thomas (1st time)      (b. 1874 - d. 1949)
 7 Nov 1924 -        1929  Leopold Amery                      (b. 1873 - d. 1955)
       1929 -        1931  Sidney Webb, Baron Passfield       (b. 1859 - d. 1947)
       1931                James Henry Thomas (2nd time)      (s.a.)
       1931 -        1935  Sir Philip Cunliffe-Lister         (b. 1884 - d. 1972)
 7 Jun 1935 -        1935  Malcolm John MacDonald (1st time)  (b. 1901 - d. 1981)
       1935 -        1936  James Henry Thomas (3rd time)      (s.a.)
       1936 -        1938  William Ormsby-Gore                (b. 1885 - d. 1964)
       1938 -        1940  Malcolm John MacDonald (2nd time)  (s.a.)
       1940 -        1941  George Ambrose Lloyd, Baron Lloyd
                           of Dolobran                        (b. 1879 - d. 1941)
       1941 -        1942  Walter Guinness, Baron Moyne       (b. 1880 - d. 1944)
       1942                Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, Viscount
                           Cranborne                          (b. 1893 - d. 1972)
       1942 -  3 Aug 1945  Oliver Frederick Stanley           (b. 1896 - d. 1950)
 3 Aug 1945 -        1946  George Henry Hall                  (b. 1881 - d. 1965)
       1946 -        1950  Arthur Creech Jones                (b. 1891 - d. 1964)
       1950 -        1951  James Griffiths                    (b. 1890 - d. 1975)
       1951 -        1954  Oliver Lyttelton                   (b. 1893 - d. 1972)
       1954 -        1959  Alan Tindal Lennox-Boyd            (b. 1904 - d. 1983)
       1959 -        1961  Iain Macleod                       (b. 1913 - d. 1970)
       1961 -        1962  Reginald Maudling                  (b. 1917 - d. 1979)
       1962 -        1964  Duncan Sandys                      (b. 1908 - d. 1987)
       1964 -        1965  Anthony Greenwood                  (b. 1911 - d. 1982)
       1965 -  5 Apr 1966  Frank Pakenham, Earl of Longford   (b. 1905 - d. 2001)
 5 Apr 1966 - 31 Jul 1966  Frederick Lee                      (b. 1906 - d. 1984)

Ministry of Defence

Ministers
- Coordination of Defence -
13 Mar 1936 -    Feb 1939  Sir Thomas Inskip                  (b. 1876 - d. 1947)
   Feb 1939 -  5 Apr 1940  Ernle Chatfield, Baron Chatfield   (b. 1873 - d. 1967)
- Defence - 
11 May 1940 - 26 Jul 1945  Winston Churchill (1st time)       (b. 1874 - d. 1965)
26 Jul 1945 - 21 Dec 1946  Clement Attlee                     (b. 1883 - d. 1967)
21 Dec 1946 -        1950  Albert Victor Alexander            (b. 1885 - d. 1965)
       1950 -        1951  Emanuel Shinwell                   (b. 1884 - d. 1986)
       1951 -        1952  Winston Churchill (2nd time)       (s.a.)
       1952 -    Oct 1954  Harold Alexander, Earl Alexander
                           of Tunis                           (b. 1891 - d. 1969)
   Oct 1954 -    Apr 1955  Harold Macmillan                   (b. 1894 - d. 1986)
   Apr 1955 -    Dec 1955  Selwyn Lloyd                       (b. 1904 - d. 1978)
   Dec 1955 -        1956  Walter Turner Monckton             (b. 1891 - d. 1965)
       1956 - 14 Jan 1957  Anthony Henry Head                 (b. 1906 - d. 1983)
14 Jan 1957 -        1959  Duncan Sandys                      (b. 1908 - d. 1987)
       1959 -        1962  Harold Arthur Watkinson            (b. 1910 - d. 1995)
       1962 -  1 Apr 1964  Peter Thorneycroft                 (b. 1909 - d. 1994)
Secretaries of state
 1 Apr 1964 - 17 Oct 1964  Peter Thorneycroft                 (s.a.)
17 Oct 1964 - 19 Jun 1970  Denis Healey                       (b. 1917)
19 Jun 1970 -  8 Jan 1974  Peter Alexander Rupert
                           Carington, Baron Carrington        (b. 1919)
 8 Jan 1974 -  4 Mar 1974  Ian Gilmour                        (b. 1926 - d. 2007)
 4 Mar 1974 - 10 Sep 1976  Roy Mason                          (b. 1924)
10 Sep 1976 -  4 May 1979  Frederick Mulley                   (b. 1918 - d. 1995)
 4 May 1979 -  5 Jan 1981  Francis Pym                        (b. 1922 - d. 2008)
 5 Jan 1981 -  6 Jan 1983  John Nott                          (b. 1932)
 6 Jan 1983 -  9 Jan 1986  Michael Heseltine                  (b. 1933)
 9 Jan 1986 - 24 Jul 1989  George Younger                     (b. 1931 - d. 2003)
24 Jul 1989 -  9 Apr 1992  Tom King                           (b. 1933)
 9 Apr 1992 -  5 Jul 1995  Malcolm Rifkind                    (b. 1946)
 5 Jul 1995 -  2 May 1997  Michael Portillo                   (b. 1953)
 2 May 1997 - 11 Oct 1999  George Robertson, (from 24 Aug
                           1999) Baron Robertson of Port
                           Ellen                              (b. 1946)
11 Oct 1999 -  6 May 2005  Geoff Hoon                         (b. 1953)
 6 May 2005 -  5 May 2006  John Reid                          (b. 1947)
 5 May 2006 -  3 Oct 2008  Des Browne                         (b. 1952)
 3 Oct 2008 -  5 Jun 2009  John Hutton                        (b. 1955)
 5 Jun 2009 - 12 May 2010  Bob Ainsworth                      (b. 1952)
12 May 2010 - 14 Oct 2011  Liam Fox                           (b. 1961)
14 Oct 2011 - 15 Jul 2014  Philip Hammond                     (b. 1955)
15 Jul 2014 -              Michael Fallon                     (b. 1952)

War Office

 6 Jan 1967                merged with Ministry of Defence

Secretaries of state
- War -
       1794 -        1801  Henry Dundas                       (b. 1742 - d. 1811)
- War and the Colonies -
       1801 -        1804  Robert Hobart, Baron Hobart        (b. 1760 - d. 1816)
       1804 -        1805  John Jeffreys Pratt, Earl Camden   (b. 1759 - d. 1840)
       1805 -        1806  Robert Stewart, Viscount
                           Castlereagh (1st time)             (b. 1769 - d. 1822)
       1806 -        1807  William Windham                    (b. 1750 - d. 1810)
       1807 -        1809  Robert Stewart, Viscount
                           Castlereagh (2nd time)             (s.a.)
       1809 -        1812  Robert Banks Jenkinson, Earl of
                           Liverpool                          (b. 1770 - d. 1828)
       1812 -        1827  Henry Bathurst, Earl Bathurst      (b. 1762 - d. 1834)
       1827                Frederick John Robinson, Viscount
                           Goderich (1st time)                (b. 1782 - d. 1859)
       1827 -        1828  William Huskisson                  (b. 1770 - d. 1830)
       1828 -        1830  Sir George Murray                  (b. 1772 - d. 1846)
       1830 -        1833  Frederick John Robinson, Viscount
                           Goderich (2nd time)                (s.a.)
       1833 -        1834  Edward Geoffrey Smith Stanley
                           (1st time)                         (b. 1799 - d. 1869)
       1834                Thomas Spring Rice                 (b. 1790 - d. 1866)
       1834 -        1835  George Hamilton-Gordon, Earl of
                           Aberdeen                           (b. 1784 - d. 1860)
       1835 -        1839  Charles Grant, Baron Glenelg       (b. 1778 - d. 1866)
       1839                Constantine Henry Phipps, Marquess
                           of Normanby                        (b. 1797 - d. 1863)
       1839 -        1841  Lord John Russell                  (b. 1792 - d. 1878)
       1841 -        1845  Edward Geoffrey Smith Stanley
                           (2nd time)                         (s.a.)
       1845 -        1846  William Ewart Gladstone            (b. 1809 - d. 1898)
       1846 -        1852  Henry George Grey, Earl Grey       (b. 1802 - d. 1894)
       1852                Sir John Pakington                 (b. 1799 - d. 1880)
       1852 -        1854  Henry Pelham-Clinton, Duke of
                           Newcastle-under-Lyme               (b. 1811 - d. 1864)
- War -
       1854 -        1855  Henry Pelham-Clinton, Duke of
                           Newcastle-under-Lyme               (s.a.)
       1855 -        1858  Fox Maule-Ramsey, Baron Panmure    (b. 1801 - d. 1874)
       1858 -        1859  Jonathan Peel (1st time)           (b. 1799 - d. 1879)
       1859 -        1861  Sidney Herbert                     (b. 1810 - d. 1861)
       1861 -        1863  Sir George Cornewall Lewis         (b. 1806 - d. 1863)
       1863 -        1866  George Robinson, Earl of Ripon     (b. 1827 - d. 1909)
       1866                Spencer Compton Cavendish,
                           Marquess of Hartington (1st time)  (b. 1833 - d. 1908)
       1866 -        1867  Jonathan Peel (2nd time)           (s.a.)
       1867 -        1868  Sir John Pakington                 (s.a.)
       1868 - 21 Feb 1874  Edward Cardwell                    (b. 1813 - d. 1886)
21 Feb 1874 -  2 Apr 1878  Gathorne Hardy (1st time)          (b. 1814 - d. 1906)
 2 Apr 1878 - 28 Apr 1880  Sir Frederick Arthur Stanley       (b. 1841 - d. 1908)
28 Apr 1880 - 16 Dec 1882  Hugh Culling Eardley Childers      (b. 1827 - d. 1896)
16 Dec 1882 - 24 Jun 1885  Spencer Compton Cavendish,
                           Marquess of Hartington (2nd time)  (s.a.)
24 Jun 1885 -  6 Feb 1886  William Henry Smith (1st time)     (b. 1825 - d. 1891)
 6 Feb 1886 -        1886  Gathorne Gathorne-Hardy, Viscount
                           Cranbrook (2nd time)               (s.a.)
       1886 -  3 Aug 1886  Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman
                           (1st time)                         (b. 1836 - d. 1908)
 3 Aug 1886 -        1887  William Henry Smith (2nd time)     (s.a.)
       1887 - 18 Aug 1892  Edward Stanhope                    (b. 1840 - d. 1893)
18 Aug 1892 -        1895  Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman
                           (2nd time)                         (s.a.)
       1895 -        1900  Henry Charles Keith Petty-
                           Fitzmaurice, Marquess of Lansdowne (b. 1845 - d. 1927)
       1900 -        1903  St. John Brodrick                  (b. 1856 - d. 1942)
       1903 -        1905  Hugh Oakeley Arnold-Forster        (b. 1855 - d. 1909)
       1905 -        1912  Richard Burdon Haldane, (from
                           1911) Viscount Haldane             (b. 1856 - d. 1928)
       1912 -        1914  John Edward Seely                  (b. 1868 - d. 1947)
       1914                H.H. Asquith                       (b. 1852 - d. 1928)
       1914 -  5 Jun 1916  Horatio Herbert Kitchener, Earl
                           Kitchener                          (b. 1850 - d. 1916)
   Jul 1916 -    Dec 1916  David Lloyd George                 (b. 1863 - d. 1945)
   Dec 1916 -    Apr 1918  Edward Stanley, Earl of Derby
                           (1st time)                         (b. 1865 - d. 1948)
       1918 -        1919  Alfred Milner, Viscount Milner     (b. 1854 - d. 1925)
       1919 -        1921  Winston Churchill                  (b. 1874 - d. 1965)
       1921 -        1922  Sir Laming Worthington-Evans
                           (1st time)                         (b. 1868 - d. 1931)
       1922 - 23 Jan 1924  Edward Stanley, Earl of Derby
                           (2nd time)                         (s.a.)
23 Jan 1924 -  7 Nov 1924  Stephen Walsh                      (b. 1859 - d. 1929)
 7 Nov 1924 -  7 Jun 1929  Sir Laming Worthington-Evans
                           (2nd time)                         (s.a.)
       1929 -        1931  Thomas Shaw                        (b. 1872 - d. 1938)
       1931                Robert Crewe-Milnes, Marquess of
                           Crewe                              (b. 1858 - d. 1945)
       1931 -        1935  Douglas McGarel Hogg, Viscount
                           Hailsham                           (b. 1872 - d. 1950)
 7 Jun 1935 -        1937  Edward Wood, Viscount Halifax      (b. 1881 - d. 1959)
       1937 -        1940  Leslie Hore-Belisha                (b. 1893 - d. 1957)
       1940                Oliver Frederick Stanley           (b. 1896 - d. 1950)
       1940                Anthony Eden                       (b. 1897 - d. 1977)
       1940 -        1942  David Margesson                    (b. 1890 - d. 1965)
       1942 -  3 Aug 1945  Sir James Grigg                    (b. 1890 - d. 1964)
 3 Aug 1945 -        1946  John Lawson                        (b. 1881 - d. 1965)
       1946 -        1947  Frederick Bellenger                (b. 1894 - d. 1968)
       1947 -        1950  Emanuel Shinwell                   (b. 1884 - d. 1986)
       1950 -        1951  John Strachey                      (b. 1901 - d. 1963)
       1951 -        1956  Anthony Henry Head                 (b. 1906 - d. 1983)
       1956 -    Jan 1958  John Hugh Hare                     (b. 1911 - d. 1982)
   Jan 1958 -    Jul 1960  Christopher Soames                 (b. 1920 - d. 1987)
   Jul 1960 -    Jun 1963  John Profumo                       (b. 1915 - d. 2006)
27 Jun 1963 -    Oct 1963  Joseph Godber                      (b. 1914 - d. 1980)
   Oct 1963 -  1 Apr 1964  James Ramsden                      (b. 1923)
Ministers of Defence for the Army
 1 Apr 1964 -    Oct 1964  James Ramsden                      (s.a.)
   Oct 1964 -    Dec 1965  Frederick Mulley                   (b. 1918 - d. 1995)
   Dec 1965 -  6 Jan 1967  Gerald Reynolds                    (b. 1927 - d. 1969)

Masters-General of the Ordnance
       1693 -        1702  Henry Sydney, Viscount Sydney
                           (from 1694, Henry Sydney, Earl of
                           Romney)                            (b. 1641 - d. 1704)
       1702 -        1711  John Churchill, Duke of
                           Marlborough (1st time)             (b. 1650 - d. 1722)
       1711 -        1712  Richard Savage, Earl Rivers        (b. 1660? - d. 1712)
       1712                James Douglas, Duke of Hamilton    (b. 1658 - d. 1712)
       1712 -        1714  vacant
       1714 -        1722  John Churchill, Duke of
                           Marlborough (2nd time)             (s.a.)
       1722 -        1725  William Cadogan, Earl Cadogan      (b. 1675 - d. 1726)
       1725 -        1740  John Campbell, Duke of Argyll
                           (1st time)                         (b. 1678 - d. 1743)
       1740 -        1742  John Montagu, Duke of Montagu
                           (1st time)                         (b. 1688? - d. 1749)
       1742                John Campbell, Duke of Argyll
                           (2nd time)                         (s.a.)
       1742 -        1749  John Montagu, Duke of Montagu
                           (2nd time)                         (s.a.)
       1749 -        1755  vacant
       1755 -        1758  Charles Spencer, Duke of
                           Marlborough                        (b. 1706 - d. 1758)
       1758 -        1759  vacant
       1759 -        1763  John Ligonier, Viscount Ligonier   (b. 1680 - d. 1770)
       1763 -        1770  John Manners, Marquess of Granby   (b. 1721 - d. 1770)
       1770 -        1772  vacant
       1772 -        1782  George Townshend, Viscount
                           Townshend (1st time)               (b. 1724 - d. 1807)
       1782 -        1783  Charles Lennox, Duke of Richmond
                           and Lennox (1st time)              (b. 1735 - d. 1806)
       1783 -        1784  George Townshend, Viscount
                           Townshend (2nd time)               (s.a.)
       1784 -        1795  Charles Lennox, Duke of Richmond
                           and Lennox (2nd time)              (s.a.)
       1795 -        1801  Charles Cornwallis, Marquess
                           Cornwallis                         (b. 1738 - d. 1805)
       1801 -        1806  John Pitt, Earl of Chatham
                           (1st time)                         (b. 1756 - d. 1835)
       1806 -        1807  Francis Rawdon Hastings, Earl of
                           Moira                              (b. 1754 - d. 1826)
       1807 -        1810  John Pitt, Earl of Chatham
                           (2nd time)                         (s.a.)
       1810 -        1818  Henry Phipps, Baron Mulgrave
                           (from 1812, Henry Phipps, Earl of
                           Mulgrave)                          (b. 1755 - d. 1831)
       1818 -        1827  Arthur Wellesley, Duke of
                           Wellington                         (b. 1769 - d. 1852)
       1827 -        1828  Henry William Paget, Marquess of
                           Anglesey (1st time)                (b. 1768 - d. 1854)
       1828 -        1830  William Carr Beresford, Viscount
                           Beresford                          (b. 1768 - d. 1854)
       1830 -        1834  Sir James Kempt                    (b. 1764 - d. 1854)
       1834 -        1835  Sir George Murray (1st time)       (b. 1772 - d. 1846)
       1835 -        1841  Sir Richard Hussey Vivian          (b. 1775 - d. 1842)
       1841 -        1846  Sir George Murray (2nd time)       (s.a.)
       1846 -        1852  Henry William Paget, Marquess of
                           Anglesey (2nd time)                (s.a.)
       1852                Henry Hardinge, Viscount Hardinge  (b. 1785 - d. 1856)
       1852 -        1855  Fitzroy James Henry Somerset,
                           Baron Raglan                       (b. 1788 - d. 1855)

Admiralty

 6 Jan 1967                merged with Ministry of Defence

First lords of the Admiralty
31 May 1699 - 19 Mar 1701  John Egerton, Earl of Bridgwater   (b. 1646 - d. 1701)
 4 Apr 1701 - 20 May 1702  Thomas Herbert, Earl of Pembroke,
                           Earl of Montgomery (2nd time)      (b. 1656 - d. 1733)
                           (Lord High Admiral)
20 May 1702 - 28 Oct 1708  Prince George of Denmark,
                           Duke of Cumberland                 (b. 1653 - d. 1708)
                           (Lord High Admiral)
28 Oct 1708 - 29 Nov 1708  Queen Anne (f) (Lord High Admiral) (b. 1665 - d. 1714)
29 Nov 1708 -  8 Nov 1709  Thomas Herbert, Earl of Pembroke,
                           Earl of Montgomery (3rd time)      (s.a.)
                           (Lord High Admiral)
 8 Nov 1709 -  4 Oct 1710  Edward Russell, Earl of Orford
                           (2nd time)                         (b. 1653 - d. 1727)
 4 Oct 1710 - 30 Sep 1712  Sir John Leake                     (b. 1656 - d. 1720)
30 Sep 1712 - 14 Oct 1714  Thomas Wentworth, Earl of
                           Strafford                          (b. 1672 - d. 1739)
14 Oct 1714 - 16 Apr 1717  Edward Russell, Earl of Orford
                           (3rd time)                         (s.a.)
16 Apr 1717 - 29 Jul 1727  James Berkeley, Earl of Berkeley   (b. 1680 - d. 1736)
29 Jul 1727 - 17 Jan 1733  George Byng, Viscount Torrington   (b. 1663 - d. 1733)
25 Jan 1733 - 19 Mar 1742  Sir Charles Wager                  (b. 1666 - d. 1743)
19 Mar 1742 - 27 Dec 1744  Daniel Finch, Earl of Winchilsea
                           and Nottingham (1st time)          (b. 1689 - d. 1769)
27 Dec 1744 - 20 Feb 1748  John Russell, Duke of Bedford      (b. 1710 - d. 1771)
20 Feb 1748 - 22 Jun 1751  John Montagu, Earl of Sandwich
                           (1st time)                         (b. 1718 - d. 1792)
22 Jun 1751 - 19 Nov 1756  George Anson, Baron Anson of
                           Soberton (1st time)                (b. 1697 - d. 1762)
19 Nov 1756 -  6 Apr 1757  Richard Grenville, Earl Temple     (b. 1711 - d. 1779)
 6 Apr 1757 -  2 Jul 1757  Daniel Finch, Earl of Winchilsea
                           and Nottingham (2nd time)          (s.a.)
 2 Jul 1757 -  6 Jun 1762  George Anson, Baron Anson of
                           Soberton (2nd time)                (s.a.)
19 Jun 1762 -  1 Jan 1763  George Montagu Dunk, Earl of
                           Halifax                            (b. 1716 - d. 1771)
 1 Jan 1763 - 23 Apr 1763  George Grenville                   (b. 1712 - d. 1770)
23 Apr 1763 - 10 Sep 1763  John Montagu, Earl of Sandwich
                           (2nd time)                         (s.a.)
10 Sep 1763 - 10 Sep 1766  John Perceval, Earl of Egmont      (b. 1711 - d. 1770)
10 Sep 1766 - 10 Dec 1766  Sir Charles Saunders               (b. 1713 - d. 1775)
10 Dec 1766 - 12 Jan 1771  Sir Edward Hawke                   (b. 1710 - d. 1781)
12 Jan 1771 - 30 Mar 1782  John Montagu, Earl of Sandwich
                           (3rd time)                         (s.a.)
30 Mar 1782 - 28 Jan 1783  Augustus Keppel, Viscount Keppel
                           (1st time)                         (b. 1725 - d. 1786)
28 Jan 1783 -  8 Apr 1783  Richard Howe, Viscount Howe
                           (1st time)                         (b. 1726 - d. 1799)
 8 Apr 1783 - 30 Dec 1783  Augustus Keppel, Viscount Keppel
                           (2nd time)                         (s.a.)
30 Dec 1783 - 12 Jul 1788  Richard Howe, Viscount Howe
                           (2nd time)                         (s.a.)
12 Jul 1788 - 20 Dec 1794  John Pitt, Earl of Chatham         (b. 1756 - d. 1835)
20 Dec 1794 - 19 Feb 1801  George John Spencer, Earl Spencer  (b. 1758 - d. 1834)
19 Feb 1801 - 15 May 1804  John Jervis, Earl of St. Vincent   (b. 1735 - d. 1823)
15 May 1804 - 30 Apr 1805  Henry Dundas, Viscount Melville    (b. 1742 - d. 1811)
30 Apr 1805 - 11 Feb 1806  Charles Middleton, Baron Barham    (b. 1726 - d. 1813)
11 Feb 1806 - 29 Sep 1806  Charles Grey, Viscount Howick      (b. 1764 - d. 1845)
29 Sep 1806 -  4 Apr 1807  Thomas Grenville                   (b. 1755 - d. 1846)
 4 Apr 1807 -  1 May 1810  Henry Phipps, Baron Mulgrave       (b. 1755 - d. 1831)
 1 May 1810 - 24 Mar 1812  Charles Philip Yorke               (b. 1764 - d. 1834)
24 Mar 1812 - 17 Apr 1827  Robert Dundas, Viscount Melville
                           (1st time)                         (b. 1771 - d. 1851)
17 Apr 1827 - 17 Sep 1828  Prince William, Duke of Clarence   (b. 1765 - d. 1837)
                           (Lord High Admiral)
17 Sep 1828 - 25 Nov 1830  Robert Dundas, Viscount Melville
                           (2nd time)                         (s.a.)
25 Nov 1830 -  7 Jun 1834  Sir James Graham (1st time)        (b. 1792 - d. 1861)
 7 Jun 1834 - 22 Dec 1834  George Eden, Baron Auckland
                           (1st time)                         (b. 1784 - d. 1849)
22 Dec 1834 - 23 Apr 1835  Thomas Philip Robinson,
                           Earl de Grey                       (b. 1781 - d. 1859)
23 Apr 1835 - 15 Sep 1835  George Eden, Baron Auckland
                           (2nd time)                         (s.a.)
15 Sep 1835 -  6 Sep 1841  Gilbert Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound,
                           Earl of Minto                      (b. 1782 - d. 1859)
 6 Sep 1841 -  8 Jan 1846  Thomas Hamilton, Earl of
                           Haddington                         (b. 1780 - d. 1858)
 8 Jan 1846 -  7 Jul 1846  Edward Law, Earl of Ellenborough   (b. 1790 - d. 1871)
 7 Jul 1846 -  1 Jan 1849  George Eden, Baron Auckland
                           (3rd time)                         (s.a.)
15 Jan 1849 - 28 Feb 1852  Sir Francis Baring                 (b. 1796 - d. 1866)
28 Feb 1852 - 30 Dec 1852  Algernon Percy, Duke of
                           Northumberland                     (b. 1792 - d. 1865)
30 Dec 1852 - 13 Mar 1855  Sir James Graham (2nd time)        (s.a.)
13 Mar 1855 -  8 Mar 1858  Sir Charles Wood                   (b. 1800 - d. 1885)
 8 Mar 1858 - 27 Jun 1859  Sir John Pakington (1st time)      (b. 1799 - d. 1880)
27 Jun 1859 - 12 Jul 1866  Edward Adolphus Seymour, Duke of
                           Somerset                           (b. 1804 - d. 1885)
12 Jul 1866 -  8 Mar 1867  Sir John Pakington (2nd time)      (s.a.)
 8 Mar 1867 - 21 Dec 1868  Henry Thomas Lowry Corry           (b. 1803 - d. 1873)
21 Dec 1868 -  9 Mar 1871  Hugh Culling Eardley Childers      (b. 1786 - d. 1871)
 9 Mar 1871 -  4 Mar 1874  George Joachim Goschen (1st time)  (b. 1831 - d. 1907)
 4 Mar 1874 - 29 Jul 1877  George Ward Hunt                   (b. 1825 - d. 1877)
14 Aug 1877 - 28 Apr 1880  William Henry Smith                (b. 1825 - d. 1891)
28 Apr 1880 -  1 Jul 1885  Thomas George Baring, Earl of
                           Northbrook                         (b. 1826 - d. 1904)
 1 Jul 1885 - 15 Feb 1886  George Francis Hamilton (1st time) (b. 1845 - d. 1927)
15 Feb 1886 -  9 Aug 1886  George Frederick Samuel Robinson,
                           Marquess of Ripon                  (b. 1827 - d. 1909)
 9 Aug 1886 - 25 Aug 1892  George Francis Hamilton (2nd time) (s.a.)
25 Aug 1892 -  6 Jul 1895  John Poyntz Spencer, Earl Spencer  (b. 1835 - d. 1910)
 6 Jul 1895 - 12 Oct 1900  George Joachim Goschen (2nd time)  (s.a.)
12 Oct 1900 -  5 Mar 1905  William Waldegrave Palmer, Earl
                           of Selborne                        (b. 1859 - d. 1942)
 5 Mar 1905 - 10 Dec 1905  Frederick Archibald Vaughan
                           Campbell, Earl Cawdor              (b. 1847 - d. 1911)
10 Dec 1905 - 12 Apr 1908  Edward Marjoribanks, Baron
                           Tweedmouth                         (b. 1849 - d. 1909)
12 Apr 1908 - 24 Oct 1911  Reginald McKenna                   (b. 1863 - d. 1943)
24 Oct 1911 - 27 May 1915  Winston Churchill (1st time)       (b. 1874 - d. 1965)
27 May 1915 - 11 Dec 1916  Arthur James Balfour               (b. 1848 - d. 1930)
11 Dec 1916 - 20 Jul 1917  Edward Carson                      (b. 1854 - d. 1935)
20 Jul 1917 - 10 Jan 1919  Sir Eric Campbell Geddes           (b. 1875 - d. 1937)
10 Jan 1919 - 13 Feb 1921  Walter Hume Long                   (b. 1854 - d. 1924)
13 Feb 1921 - 24 Nov 1922  Arthur Hamilton Lee, Baron Lee of
                           Fareham                            (b. 1868 - d. 1947)
24 Nov 1922 - 22 Jan 1924  Leopold Amery                      (b. 1873 - d. 1955)
22 Jan 1924 -  6 Nov 1924  Frederick John Napier Thesiger,
                           Viscount Chelmsford                (b. 1868 - d. 1933)
 6 Nov 1924 -  8 Jun 1929  William Clive Bridgeman            (b. 1864 - d. 1935)
 8 Jun 1929 - 26 Aug 1931  Albert Victor Alexander (1st time) (b. 1885 - d. 1965)
26 Aug 1931 -  5 Nov 1931  Sir Austen Chamberlain             (b. 1863 - d. 1937)
 5 Nov 1931 -  5 Jun 1936  Sir Bolton Eyres-Monsell (from
                           30 Nov 1935, Bolton Eyres-Monsell,
                           Viscount Monsell)                  (b. 1881 - d. 1969)
 5 Jun 1936 - 28 May 1937  Sir Samuel Hoare                   (b. 1880 - d. 1959)
28 May 1937 - 27 Oct 1938  Alfred Duff Cooper                 (b. 1890 - d. 1954)
27 Oct 1938 -  3 Sep 1939  James Stanhope, Earl Stanhope      (b. 1880 - d. 1967)
 3 Sep 1939 - 11 May 1940  Winston Churchill (2nd time)       (s.a.)
11 May 1940 - 25 May 1945  Albert Victor Alexander (2nd time) (s.a.)
25 May 1945 -  3 Aug 1945  Brendan Bracken                    (b. 1901 - d. 1958)
 3 Aug 1945 -  4 Oct 1946  Albert Victor Alexander (3rd time) (s.a.)
 4 Oct 1946 - 24 May 1951  George Henry Hall, Viscount Hall   (b. 1881 - d. 1965)
24 May 1951 - 31 Oct 1951  Frank Pakenham, Baron Pakenham     (b. 1905 - d. 2001)
31 Oct 1951 -  2 Sep 1956  James Purdon Lewes Thomas, (from
                           20 Jan 1956) Viscount Cilcennin    (b. 1903 - d. 1960)
 2 Sep 1956 - 16 Jan 1957  Quintin McGarel Hogg, Viscount
                           Hailsham                           (b. 1907 - d. 2001)
16 Jan 1957 - 16 Oct 1959  George Douglas-Hamilton, Earl of
                           Selkirk                            (b. 1906 - d. 1994)
16 Oct 1959 - 22 Oct 1963  Peter Alexander Rupert Carington,
                           Baron Carrington                   (b. 1919)
22 Oct 1963 -  1 Apr 1964  George Patrick John Rushworth
                           Jellicoe, Earl Jellicoe            (b. 1918 - d. 2007)
Ministers of Defence for the Royal Navy
 1 Apr 1964 - 19 Oct 1964  George Patrick John Rushworth
                           Jellicoe, Earl Jellicoe            (s.a.)
19 Oct 1964 - 19 Feb 1966  Christopher Paget Mayhew           (b. 1915 - d. 1997)
19 Feb 1966 -  6 Jan 1967  Joseph Percival William Mallalieu  (b. 1908 - d. 1980)

Air Ministry

 6 Jan 1967                merged with Ministry of Defence

Secretaries of state for Air
   Jan 1918 -        1918  Harold Harmsworth, Baron
                           Rothermere                         (b. 1868 - d. 1940)
       1918 -        1919  William Douglas Weir, Baron Weir   (b. 1877 - d. 1959)
       1919 -        1921  Winston Churchill                  (b. 1874 - d. 1965)
       1921 -        1922  Frederick Edward Guest             (b. 1875 - d. 1937)
 2 Nov 1922 - 23 Jan 1924  Sir Samuel Hoare (1st time)        (b. 1880 - d. 1959)
23 Jan 1924 -  7 Nov 1924  Christopher Birdwood Thomson,
                           (from 12 Feb 1924) Baron Thomson
                           (1st time)                         (b. 1875 - d. 1930)
 7 Nov 1924 -  7 Jun 1929  Sir Samuel Hoare (2nd time)        (s.a.)
       1929 -  5 Oct 1930  Christopher Birdwood Thomson,
                           Baron Thomson (2nd time)           (s.a.)
       1930 -        1931  William Warrender Mackenzie,
                           Baron Amulree                      (b. 1860 - d. 1942)
       1931 -        1935  Charles Vane-Tempest-Stewart,
                           Marquess of Londonderry            (b. 1878 - d. 1949)
 7 Jun 1935 -        1938  Sir Philip Cunliffe-Lister (from
                           29 Nov 1935, Philip Cunliffe-
                           Lister, Viscount Swinton)          (b. 1884 - d. 1972)
       1938 -        1940  Sir Kingsley Wood                  (b. 1881 - d. 1943)
       1940                Sir Samuel Hoare (3rd time)        (s.a.)
       1940 - 28 May 1945  Sir Archibald Sinclair             (b. 1890 - d. 1970)
28 May 1945 -  3 Aug 1945  Harold Macmillan                   (b. 1894 - d. 1986)
 3 Aug 1945 -        1946  William Wedgwood Benn, Viscount
                           Stansgate                          (b. 1877 - d. 1960)
       1946 -    Oct 1947  Philip Noel-Baker                  (b. 1889 - d. 1982)
   Oct 1947 -    Oct 1951  Arthur Henderson                   (b. 1893 - d. 1968)
   Oct 1951 -    Dec 1955  Sir William Sidney                 (b. 1909 - d. 1991)
   Dec 1955 -        1957  Nigel Birch                        (b. 1906 - d. 1981)
       1957 -        1960  George Reginald Ward               (b. 1907 - d. 1988)
   Oct 1960 - 16 Jul 1962  Julian Amery                       (b. 1919 - d. 1996)
16 Jul 1962 -  1 Apr 1964  Hugh Charles Fraser                (b. 1918 - d. 1984)
Ministers of Defence for the Royal Air Force
 1 Apr 1964 - 19 Oct 1964  Hugh Charles Fraser                (s.a.)
19 Oct 1964 -  6 Jan 1967  Edward Shackleton, Baron
                           Shackleton                         (b. 1911 - d. 1994)

Defence Staff

Chiefs of the Defence Staff
 1 Jan 1956 - 12 Jul 1959  Sir William Dickson                (b. 1898 - d. 1987)
13 Jul 1959 - 15 Jul 1965  Louis Mountbatten, Earl
                           Mountbatten of Burma               (b. 1900 - d. 1979)
16 Jul 1965 -  4 Aug 1967  Sir Richard Hull                   (b. 1907 - d. 1989)
 7 Aug 1967 -  8 Apr 1971  Sir Samuel Elworthy                (b. 1911 - d. 1993)
 9 Apr 1971 - 21 Oct 1973  Sir Peter Hill-Norton              (b. 1915 - d. 2004)
22 Oct 1973 - 23 Oct 1976  Sir Michael Carver                 (b. 1915 - d. 2001)
24 Oct 1976 - 24 Jan 1977  Sir Andrew Humphrey                (b. 1921 - d. 1977)
 9 Feb 1977 - 30 Aug 1977  Sir Edward Ashmore                 (b. 1919)
31 Aug 1977 - 31 Aug 1979  Sir Neil Cameron                   (b. 1920 - d. 1985)
 1 Sep 1979 - 30 Sep 1982  Sir Terence Lewin                  (b. 1920 - d. 1999)
 1 Oct 1982 - 31 Oct 1985  Sir Edwin Bramall                  (b. 1923)
 1 Nov 1985 -  9 Dec 1988  Sir John Fieldhouse                (b. 1928 - d. 1992)
 9 Dec 1988 -  1 Apr 1991  Sir David Craig                    (b. 1929)
 2 Apr 1991 - 31 Dec 1992  Sir Richard Vincent                (b. 1931)
 1 Jan 1993 - 13 Mar 1994  Sir Peter Harding                  (b. 1933)
14 Mar 1994 -  1 Apr 1997  Sir Peter Inge                     (b. 1935)
 2 Apr 1997 - 15 Feb 2001  Sir Charles Guthrie                (b. 1938)
16 Feb 2001 -  2 May 2003  Sir Michael Boyce                  (b. 1943)
 2 May 2003 - 28 Apr 2006  Sir Michael Walker                 (b. 1944)
28 Apr 2006 - 29 Oct 2010  Sir Jock Stirrup                   (b. 1949)
29 Oct 2010 - 18 Jul 2013  Sir David Richards                 (b. 1952)
18 Jul 2013 -              Sir Nicholas Houghton              (b. 1954)

Army

Commanders-in-Chief of the Forces
       1691 -        1711  Meinhard Schomberg, Duke of
                           Leinster                           (b. 1641 - d. 1719)
       1711 -        1714  James Butler, Duke of Ormond       (b. 1665 - d. 1745)
       1714 -        1744  vacant
       1744                John Dalrymple, Earl of Stair      (b. 1673 - d. 1747)
       1745 -        1748  George Wade                        (b. 1673 - d. 1748)
       1748 -        1757  vacant
       1757 -        1759  John Ligonier, Viscount Ligonier   (b. 1680 - d. 1770)
       1759 -        1766  vacant
       1766 -        1769  John Manners, Marquess of Granby   (b. 1721 - d. 1770)
       1769 -        1778  vacant
       1778 -        1782  Jeffrey Amherst, Baron Amherst
                           (1st time)                         (b. 1717 - d. 1797)
       1782 -        1793  Henry Seymour Conway               (b. 1721 - d. 1795)
       1793 -        1795  Jeffrey Amherst, Baron Amherst
                           (2nd time)                         (s.a.)
       1795 -        1809  Prince Frederick, Duke of York
                           (1st time)                         (b. 1763 - d. 1827)
       1809 -        1811  Sir David Dundas                   (b. 1735 - d. 1820)
       1811 -  5 Jan 1827  Prince Frederick, Duke of York
                           (2nd time)                         (s.a.)
       1827 -        1828  Arthur Wellesley, Duke of
                           Wellington (1st time)              (b. 1769 - d. 1852)
       1828 -        1842  Rowland Hill, Baron Hill           (b. 1772 - d. 1842)
       1842 -        1852  Arthur Wellesley, Duke of
                           Wellington (2nd time)              (s.a.)
       1852 -        1856  Henry Hardinge, Viscount Hardinge  (b. 1785 - d. 1856)
15 Jul 1856 -        1895  Prince George, Duke of Cambridge   (b. 1819 - d. 1904)
       1895 -        1900  Garnet Wolseley, Viscount Wolseley (b. 1833 - d. 1913)
       1900 -        1904  Frederick Roberts, Earl Roberts    (b. 1832 - d. 1914)
Chief of the General Staff
       1904 -        1908  Sir Neville Lyttelton              (b. 1845 - d. 1931)
Chiefs of the Imperial General Staff
       1908 -        1912  Sir William Nicholson              (b. 1845 - d. 1918)
       1912 -        1914  Sir John French                    (b. 1852 - d. 1925)
       1914 - 25 Oct 1914  Sir Charles Douglas                (b. 1850 - d. 1914)
       1914 -        1915  Sir James Murray                   (b. 1853 - d. 1919)
       1915                Sir Archibald Murray               (b. 1860 - d. 1945)
       1915 -        1918  Sir William Robertson              (b. 1860 - d. 1933)
       1918 - 22 Jun 1922  Sir Henry Wilson                   (b. 1864 - d. 1922)
       1922 -        1926  Frederick Lambart, Earl of Cavan   (b. 1865 - d. 1946)
       1926 -        1933  Sir George Milne                   (b. 1866 - d. 1948)
       1933 -        1936  Sir Archibald
                           Montgomery-Massingberd             (b. 1871 - d. 1947)
       1936 -        1937  Sir Cyril Deverell                 (b. 1874 - d. 1947)
       1937 -        1939  John Vereker, Viscount Gort        (b. 1886 - d. 1946)
   Sep 1939 -    May 1940  Sir Edmund Ironside                (b. 1880 - d. 1959)
       1940 -        1941  Sir John Dill                      (b. 1881 - d. 1944)
       1941 -        1946  Sir Alan Brooke                    (b. 1883 - d. 1963)
       1946 -        1948  Bernard Law Montgomery, Viscount
                           Montgomery of Alamein              (b. 1887 - d. 1976)
 1 Nov 1948 -        1952  Sir William Slim                   (b. 1891 - d. 1970)
       1952 -        1955  Sir John Harding                   (b. 1896 - d. 1989)
   Nov 1955 -    Sep 1958  Sir Gerald Templer                 (b. 1898 - d. 1979)
       1958 -        1961  Sir Francis Festing                (b. 1902 - d. 1976)
       1961 -    Apr 1964  Sir Richard Hull                   (b. 1907 - d. 1989)
Chiefs of the General Staff
   Apr 1964 -    Feb 1965  Sir Richard Hull                   (s.a.)
   Feb 1965 -    Mar 1968  Sir James Cassels                  (b. 1907 - d. 1996)
   Mar 1968 -        1971  Sir Geoffrey Baker                 (b. 1912 - d. 1980)
       1971 -        1973  Sir Michael Carver                 (b. 1915 - d. 2001)
       1973 -        1976  Sir Peter Hunt                     (b. 1916 - d. 1988)
       1976 -        1979  Sir Roland Gibbs                   (b. 1921 - d. 2004)
       1979 -        1982  Sir Edwin Bramall                  (b. 1923)
       1982 -        1985  Sir John Stanier                   (b. 1925 - d. 2007)
       1985 -        1989  Sir Nigel Bagnall                  (b. 1927 - d. 2002)
       1989 -        1992  Sir John Chapple                   (b. 1931)
       1992 -        1994  Sir Peter Inge                     (b. 1935)
       1994 -        1997  Sir Charles Guthrie                (b. 1938)
       1997 -        2000  Sir Roger Wheeler                  (b. 1941)
       2000 -  3 Feb 2003  Sir Michael Walker                 (b. 1944)
 3 Feb 2003 - 29 Aug 2006  Sir Mike Jackson                   (b. 1944)
29 Aug 2006 - 28 Aug 2009  Sir Richard Dannatt                (b. 1950)
28 Aug 2009 - 15 Sep 2010  Sir David Richards                 (b. 1952)
15 Sep 2010 -              Sir Peter Wall                     (b. 1955)

Royal Navy

Admirals of the Fleet
       1795 -        1799  Richard Howe, Earl Howe            (b. 1726 - d. 1799)
       1799 -        1811  Sir Peter Parker                   (b. 1721 - d. 1811)
       1811 -        1827  Prince William, Duke of Clarence   (b. 1765 - d. 1837)
First sea lords
       1828 -        1830  Sir George Cockburn (1st time)     (b. 1772 - d. 1853)
       1830 -        1834  Sir Thomas Hardy                   (b. 1769 - d. 1839)
       1834                Sir George Dundas                  (b. 1778 - d. 1834)
       1834                Sir Charles Adam (1st time)        (b. 1790 - d. 1853)
       1834 -        1835  Sir George Cockburn (2nd time)     (s.a.)
       1835 -        1841  Sir Charles Adam (2nd time)        (s.a.)
       1841 -        1846  Sir George Cockburn (3rd time)     (s.a.)
       1846                Sir William Parker                 (b. 1781 - d. 1866)
       1846 -        1847  Sir Charles Adam (3rd time)        (s.a.)
       1847 -        1852  Sir James Dundas                   (b. 1785 - d. 1862)
       1852                Sir Maurice Fitzhardinge Berkeley
                           (1st time)                         (b. 1788 - d. 1867)
       1852 -        1854  Hyde Parker                        (b. 1784? - d. 1854)
       1854 -        1857  Sir Maurice Fitzhardinge Berkeley
                           (2nd time)                         (s.a.)
       1857 -        1858  Sir Richard Dundas (1st time)      (b. 1802 - d. 1861)
       1858 -        1859  Sir William Martin                 (b. 1801 - d. 1895)
       1859 -        1861  Sir Richard Dundas (2nd time)      (s.a.)
       1861 -        1866  Sir Frederick Grey                 (b. 1805 - d. 1878)
       1866 -        1868  Sir Alexander Milne (1st time)     (b. 1806 - d. 1896)
       1868 -        1872  Sir Sidney Dacres                  (b. 1805 - d. 1884)
       1872 -        1876  Sir Alexander Milne (2nd time)     (s.a.)
       1876 -        1877  Sir Hastings Yelverton             (b. 1808 - d. 1878)
       1877 -        1879  Sir George Wellesley               (b. 1814 - d. 1901)
       1879 -        1885  Sir Astley Cooper Key              (b. 1821 - d. 1888)
       1885 -        1886  Sir Arthur Hood (1st time)         (b. 1824 - d. 1901)
       1886                Sir John Hay                       (b. 1821 - d. 1912)
       1886 -        1889  Sir Arthur Hood (2nd time)         (s.a.)
       1889 -        1891  Sir Vesey Hamilton                 (b. 1829 - d. 1912)
       1891 -        1893  Sir Anthony Hoskins                (b. 1828 - d. 1901)
       1893 -        1899  Sir Frederick Richards             (b. 1833 - d. 1912)
       1899 -        1904  Walter Kerr                        (b. 1839 - d. 1927)
       1904 -        1910  Sir John Fisher (1st time)         (b. 1841 - d. 1920)
       1910 -        1911  Sir Arthur Wilson                  (b. 1842 - d. 1921)
       1911 -        1912  Sir Francis Bridgeman              (b. 1848 - d. 1929)
       1912 -        1914  Prince Louis of Battenberg         (b. 1854 - d. 1921)
       1914 -        1915  Sir John Fisher (2nd time)         (s.a.)
       1915 -        1916  Sir Henry Jackson                  (b. 1855 - d. 1929)
   Dec 1916 -        1917  Sir John Rushworth Jellicoe        (b. 1859 - d. 1935)
       1917 -        1919  Sir Rosslyn Wemyss                 (b. 1864 - d. 1933)
       1919 -        1927  David Beatty, Earl Beatty          (b. 1871 - d. 1936)
       1927 -        1930  Sir Charles Madden                 (b. 1862 - d. 1935)
       1930 -        1933  Sir Frederick Field                (b. 1871 - d. 1945)
       1933 -        1938  Sir Ernle Chatfield (from 1937,
                           Ernle Chatfield, Baron Chatfield)  (b. 1873 - d. 1967)
       1938 -        1939  Sir Roger Backhouse                (b. 1878 - d. 1939)
       1939 -        1943  Sir Dudley Pound                   (b. 1877 - d. 1943)
       1943 -        1946  Sir Andrew Cunningham              (b. 1883 - d. 1963)
       1946 -        1948  Sir John Cunningham                (b. 1885 - d. 1962)
       1948 -        1951  Bruce Fraser, Baron Fraser of
                           North Cape                         (b. 1888 - d. 1981)
       1951 -        1955  Sir Rhoderick McGrigor             (b. 1893 - d. 1959)
       1955 -        1959  Louis Mountbatten, Earl
                           Mountbatten of Burma               (b. 1900 - d. 1979)
       1959 -        1960  Sir Charles Lambe                  (b. 1900 - d. 1960)
       1960 -        1963  Sir Caspar John                    (b. 1903 - d. 1984)
       1963 -        1966  Sir David Luce                     (b. 1906 - d. 1971)
       1966 -        1968  Sir Varyl Begg                     (b. 1908 - d. 1995)
       1968 -  3 Jul 1970  Sir Michael Le Fanu                (b. 1913 - d. 1970)
 3 Jul 1970 -        1971  Sir Peter Hill-Norton              (b. 1915 - d. 2004)
       1971 -        1974  Sir Michael Pollock                (b. 1916 - d. 2006)
       1974 -        1977  Sir Edward Ashmore                 (b. 1919)
       1977 -        1979  Sir Terence Lewin                  (b. 1920 - d. 1999)
       1979 -        1982  Sir Henry Leach                    (b. 1923 - d. 2011)
       1982 -        1985  Sir John Fieldhouse                (b. 1928 - d. 1992)
       1985 -        1989  Sir William Staveley               (b. 1928 - d. 1997)
       1989 -        1993  Sir Julian Oswald                  (b. 1933 - d. 2011)
       1993 -        1995  Sir Benjamin Bathurst              (b. 1936)
       1995 -        1998  Sir Jock Slater                    (b. 1938)
       1998 -    Jan 2001  Sir Michael Boyce                  (b. 1943)
   Jan 2001 - 17 Sep 2002  Sir Nigel Essenhigh                (b. 1944)
17 Sep 2002 -  7 Feb 2006  Sir Alan West                      (b. 1948)
 7 Feb 2006 - 21 Jul 2009  Sir Jonathon Band                  (b. 1950)
21 Jul 2009 -  9 Apr 2013  Sir Mark Stanhope                  (b. 1952)
 9 Apr 2013 -              Sir George Zambellas               (b. 1958)

Royal Air Force

Chiefs of the Air Staff
 3 Jan 1918 - 13 Apr 1918  Sir Hugh Trenchard (1st time)      (b. 1873 - d. 1956)
13 Apr 1918 - 22 Jan 1919  Sir Frederick Sykes                (b. 1877 - d. 1954)
22 Jan 1919 -  1 Jan 1930  Sir Hugh Trenchard (2nd time)      (s.a.)
 1 Jan 1930 -  1 Apr 1933  Sir John Salmond (1st time)        (b. 1881 - d. 1968)
 1 Apr 1933 - 27 Apr 1933  Sir Geoffrey Salmond               (b. 1878 - d. 1933)
28 Apr 1933 - 22 May 1933  Sir John Salmond (2nd time)        (s.a.)
                           (acting)
22 May 1933 -  1 Sep 1937  Sir Edward Ellington               (b. 1877 - d. 1967)
 1 Sep 1937 - 25 Oct 1940  Sir Cyril Newall                   (b. 1886 - d. 1963)
25 Oct 1940 -  1 Jan 1946  Sir Charles Portal                 (b. 1893 - d. 1971)
 1 Jan 1946 -  1 Jan 1950  Sir Arthur Tedder                  (b. 1890 - d. 1967)
 1 Jan 1950 -  1 Jan 1953  Sir John Slessor                   (b. 1897 - d. 1979)
 1 Jan 1953 -  1 Jan 1956  Sir William Dickson                (b. 1898 - d. 1987)
 1 Jan 1956 -  1 Jan 1960  Sir Dermot Boyle                   (b. 1904 - d. 1993)
 1 Jan 1960 -  1 Sep 1963  Sir Thomas Pike                    (b. 1906 - d. 1983)
 1 Sep 1963 -  1 Apr 1967  Sir Samuel Elworthy                (b. 1911 - d. 1993)
 1 Apr 1967 -  1 Apr 1971  Sir John Grandy                    (b. 1913 - d. 2004)
 1 Apr 1971 -  1 Apr 1974  Sir Denis Spotswood                (b. 1916 - d. 2001)
 1 Apr 1974 -  7 Aug 1976  Sir Andrew Humphrey                (b. 1921 - d. 1977)
 7 Aug 1976 - 10 Aug 1977  Sir Neil Cameron                   (b. 1920 - d. 1985)
10 Aug 1977 - 15 Oct 1982  Sir Michael Beetham                (b. 1923)
15 Oct 1982 - 15 Oct 1985  Sir Keith Williamson               (b. 1928)
15 Oct 1985 - 14 Nov 1988  Sir David Craig                    (b. 1929)
14 Nov 1988 -  6 Nov 1992  Sir Peter Harding                  (b. 1933)
 6 Nov 1992 - 10 Apr 1997  Sir Michael Graydon                (b. 1938)
10 Apr 1997 - 21 Apr 2000  Sir Richard Johns                  (b. 1939)
21 Apr 2000 -  1 Aug 2003  Sir Peter Squire                   (b. 1945)
 1 Aug 2003 - 13 Apr 2006  Sir Jock Stirrup                   (b. 1949)
13 Apr 2006 - 31 Jul 2009  Sir Glenn Torpy                    (b. 1953)
31 Jul 2009 - 25 Jul 2013  Sir Stephen Dalton                 (b. 1954)
25 Jul 2013 -              Sir Andrew Pulford                 (b. 1958)

Treasury

Chancellors of the Exchequer
15 Nov 1699 - 29 Mar 1701  John Smith (1st time)              (b. 1655 - d. 1723)
29 Mar 1701 -    Feb 1708  Henry Boyle                        (b. 1669 - d. 1725)
       1708 - 11 Aug 1710  John Smith (2nd time)              (s.a.)
11 Aug 1710 -        1711  Sir Robert Harley                  (b. 1661 - d. 1724)
       1711 -        1713  Robert Benson                      (b. 1676 - d. 1731)
       1713 -        1714  Sir William Wyndham                (b. 1687 - d. 1740)
       1714 - 11 Oct 1715  Sir Richard Onslow                 (b. 1654 - d. 1717)
11 Oct 1715 - 15 Apr 1717  Sir Robert Walpole (1st time)      (b. 1676 - d. 1745)
15 Apr 1717 - 20 Mar 1718  James Stanhope                     (b. 1673 - d. 1721)
20 Mar 1718 -        1721  John Aislabie                      (b. 1670 - d. 1742)
       1721                Sir John Pratt (acting)            (b. 1657 - d. 1725)
 3 Apr 1721 - 16 Feb 1742  Sir Robert Walpole (2nd time)      (s.a.)
16 Feb 1742 - 25 Aug 1743  Samuel Sandys                      (b. 1695 - d. 1770)
25 Aug 1743 - 18 Mar 1754  Henry Pelham                       (b. 1696 - d. 1754)
18 Mar 1754 -  6 Apr 1754  Sir William Lee (acting)           (b. 1688 - d. 1754)
 6 Apr 1754 - 22 Nov 1755  Henry Bilson Legge (1st time)      (b. 1708 - d. 1764)
22 Nov 1755 - 16 Nov 1756  Sir George Lyttelton               (b. 1709 - d. 1773)
16 Nov 1756 -        1757  Henry Bilson Legge (2nd time)      (s.a.)
       1757                William Mansfield (1st time)
                           (acting)
 2 Jul 1757 - 12 Mar 1761  Henry Bilson Legge (3rd time)      (s.a.)
12 Mar 1761 - 28 May 1762  William Wildman Barrington,
                           Viscount Barrington                (b. 1717 - d. 1793)
28 May 1762 - 15 Apr 1763  Sir Francis Dashwood               (b. 1708 - d. 1781)
15 Apr 1763 - 10 Jul 1765  George Grenville                   (b. 1712 - d. 1770)
10 Jul 1765 -  2 Aug 1766  William Dowdeswell                 (b. 1721 - d. 1775)
 2 Aug 1766 -        1767  Charles Townshend                  (b. 1725 - d. 1767)
       1767                William Mansfield (2nd time)
                           (acting)
 1 Dec 1767 -        1782  Frederick North, Lord North        (b. 1732 - d. 1792)
       1782                William Pitt the Younger
                           (1st time)                         (b. 1759 - d. 1806)
27 Mar 1782 - 13 Jul 1782  John Cavendish (1st time)          (b. 1732 - d. 1796)
13 Jul 1782 -  4 Apr 1783  William Pitt the Younger
                           (2nd time)                         (s.a.)
 4 Apr 1783 - 27 Dec 1783  John Cavendish (2nd time)          (s.a.)
27 Dec 1783 - 21 Mar 1801  William Pitt the Younger
                           (3rd time)                         (s.a.)
21 Mar 1801 - 16 May 1804  Henry Addington                    (b. 1757 - d. 1844)
16 May 1804 -        1806  William Pitt the Younger
                           (4th time)                         (s.a.)
       1806                Edward Law, Baron Ellenborough     (b. 1750 - d. 1818)
                           (acting)
10 Feb 1806 - 31 Mar 1807  Henry Petty                        (b. 1780 - d. 1863)
31 Mar 1807 - 16 Jun 1812  Spencer Perceval                   (b. 1762 - d. 1812)
16 Jun 1812 -  3 May 1823  Nicholas Vansittart                (b. 1766 - d. 1851)
 3 May 1823 - 30 Apr 1827  Frederick John Robinson            (b. 1782 - d. 1859)
30 Apr 1827 -  8 Sep 1827  George Canning                     (b. 1770 - d. 1827)
 8 Sep 1827 - 26 Jan 1828  John Charles Herries               (b. 1778 - d. 1855)
26 Jan 1828 - 24 Nov 1830  Henry Goulburn (1st time)          (b. 1784 - d. 1856)
24 Nov 1830 -        1834  John Charles Spencer, Viscount
                           Althorp                            (b. 1782 - d. 1845)
       1834                Thomas Denman (acting)             (b. 1779 - d. 1854)
26 Dec 1834 - 18 Apr 1835  Sir Robert Peel                    (b. 1788 - d. 1850)
18 Apr 1835 - 28 Aug 1839  Thomas Spring Rice                 (b. 1790 - d. 1866)
28 Aug 1839 -  6 Sep 1841  Sir Francis Baring                 (b. 1796 - d. 1866)
 6 Sep 1841 -  6 Jul 1846  Henry Goulburn (2nd time)          (s.a.)
 6 Jul 1846 - 28 Feb 1852  Sir Charles Wood                   (b. 1800 - d. 1885)
28 Feb 1852 -  1 Jan 1853  Benjamin Disraeli (1st time)       (b. 1804 - d. 1881)
 1 Jan 1853 -  7 Mar 1855  William Ewart Gladstone (1st time) (b. 1809 - d. 1898)
 7 Mar 1855 -  1 Mar 1858  Sir George Cornewall Lewis         (b. 1806 - d. 1863)
 1 Mar 1858 - 24 Jun 1859  Benjamin Disraeli (2nd time)       (s.a.)
24 Jun 1859 - 12 Jul 1866  William Ewart Gladstone (2nd time) (s.a.)
12 Jul 1866 - 29 Feb 1868  Benjamin Disraeli (3rd time)       (s.a.)
29 Feb 1868 - 16 Dec 1868  George Ward Hunt                   (b. 1825 - d. 1877)
16 Dec 1868 -  8 Aug 1873  Robert Lowe                        (b. 1811 - d. 1892)
 8 Aug 1873 - 20 Feb 1874  William Ewart Gladstone (3rd time) (s.a.)
21 Feb 1874 - 28 Apr 1880  Sir Stafford Henry Northcote       (b. 1818 - d. 1887)
28 Apr 1880 - 16 Dec 1882  William Ewart Gladstone (4th time) (s.a.)
16 Dec 1882 - 24 Jun 1885  Hugh Culling Eardley Childers      (b. 1827 - d. 1896)
24 Jun 1885 - 13 Feb 1886  Sir Michael Hicks-Beach (1st time) (b. 1837 - d. 1916)
13 Feb 1886 -  9 Aug 1886  Sir William Harcourt (1st time)    (b. 1827 - d. 1904)
 9 Aug 1886 - 17 Jan 1887  Randolph Churchill                 (b. 1849 - d. 1895)
17 Jan 1887 - 18 Aug 1892  George Joachim Goschen             (b. 1831 - d. 1907)
18 Aug 1892 -    Jun 1895  Sir William Harcourt (2nd time)    (s.a.)
   Jun 1895 -    Jul 1902  Sir Michael Hicks-Beach (2nd time) (s.a.)
   Jul 1902 -  9 Oct 1903  Charles Thomson Ritchie            (b. 1838 - d. 1906)
 9 Oct 1903 - 11 Dec 1905  Austen Chamberlain (1st time)      (b. 1863 - d. 1937)
11 Dec 1905 -    Apr 1908  H.H. Asquith                       (b. 1852 - d. 1928)
   Apr 1908 - 27 May 1915  David Lloyd George                 (b. 1863 - d. 1945)
27 May 1915 -    Dec 1916  Reginald McKenna                   (b. 1863 - d. 1943)
   Dec 1916 -    Jan 1919  Bonar Law                          (b. 1858 - d. 1923)
   Jan 1919 -    Apr 1921  Austen Chamberlain (2nd time)      (s.a.)
   Apr 1921 -    Oct 1922  Sir Robert Horne                   (b. 1871 - d. 1940)
   Oct 1922 -    Aug 1923  Stanley Baldwin                    (b. 1867 - d. 1947)
   Aug 1923 - 23 Jan 1924  Neville Chamberlain (1st time)     (b. 1869 - d. 1940)
23 Jan 1924 -  7 Nov 1924  Philip Snowden (1st time)          (b. 1864 - d. 1937)
 7 Nov 1924 -  7 Jun 1929  Winston Churchill                  (b. 1874 - d. 1965)
 8 Jun 1929 -    Nov 1931  Philip Snowden (2nd time)          (s.a.)
   Nov 1931 -    May 1937  Neville Chamberlain (2nd time)     (s.a.)
   May 1937 -    May 1940  Sir John Simon                     (b. 1873 - d. 1954)
   May 1940 -    Sep 1943  Sir Kingsley Wood                  (b. 1881 - d. 1943)
   Sep 1943 -    Jul 1945  Sir John Anderson                  (b. 1882 - d. 1958)
26 Jul 1945 - 15 Nov 1947  Hugh Dalton                        (b. 1887 - d. 1962)
15 Nov 1947 - 19 Oct 1950  Sir Stafford Cripps                (b. 1889 - d. 1952)
19 Oct 1950 - 26 Oct 1951  Hugh Gaitskell                     (b. 1906 - d. 1963)
26 Oct 1951 - 24 Dec 1955  Richard Austen Butler              (b. 1902 - d. 1982)
24 Dec 1955 - 14 Jan 1957  Harold Macmillan                   (b. 1894 - d. 1986)
14 Jan 1957 -  7 Jan 1958  Peter Thorneycroft                 (b. 1909 - d. 1994)
 7 Jan 1958 - 27 Jul 1960  Derick Heathcoat Amory             (b. 1899 - d. 1981)
27 Jul 1960 - 13 Jul 1962  Selwyn Lloyd                       (b. 1904 - d. 1978)
13 Jul 1962 - 17 Oct 1964  Reginald Maudling                  (b. 1917 - d. 1979)
17 Oct 1964 - 29 Nov 1967  James Callaghan                    (b. 1912 - d. 2005)
29 Nov 1967 - 19 Jun 1970  Roy Jenkins                        (b. 1920 - d. 2003)
19 Jun 1970 - 20 Jul 1970  Iain Macleod                       (b. 1913 - d. 1970)
25 Jul 1970 -  5 Mar 1974  Anthony Barber                     (b. 1920 - d. 2005)
 5 Mar 1974 -  5 May 1979  Denis Healey                       (b. 1917)
 5 May 1979 - 11 Jun 1983  Sir Geoffrey Howe                  (b. 1926)
11 Jun 1983 - 26 Oct 1989  Nigel Lawson                       (b. 1932)
26 Oct 1989 - 28 Nov 1990  John Major                         (b. 1943)
28 Nov 1990 - 27 May 1993  Norman Lamont                      (b. 1942)
27 May 1993 -  2 May 1997  Kenneth Clarke                     (b. 1940)
 2 May 1997 - 28 Jun 2007  Gordon Brown                       (b. 1951)
28 Jun 2007 - 12 May 2010  Alistair Darling                   (b. 1953)
12 May 2010 -              George Osborne                     (b. 1971)

Home Office

Secretaries of state
- Southern Department -
       1699 -        1700  Edward Villiers, Earl of Jersey    (b. 1656 - d. 1711)
       1700 -    May 1702  Charles Montagu, Earl of
                           Manchester                         (b. 1661? - d. 1722)
       1702 -    Apr 1704  Daniel Finch, Earl of Nottingham   (b. 1647 - d. 1730)
   May 1704 -    Dec 1706  Sir Charles Hedges                 (s.a.)
       1706 -        1710  Charles Spencer, Earl of
                           Sunderland                         (s.a.)
       1710 -        1713  William Legge, Baron Dartmouth
                           (from 1711, William Legge,
                           Earl of Dartmouth)                 (b. 1672 - d. 1750)
       1713 -        1714  Henry St. John, Viscount
                           Bolingbroke                        (s.a.)
       1714 -        1716  James Stanhope                     (s.a.)
       1716 -        1717  Paul Methuen                       (b. 1672 - d. 1757)
       1717 -        1718  Joseph Addison                     (b. 1672 - d. 1719)
       1718 -        1721  James Craggs the Younger           (b. 1688 - d. 1721)
       1721 -        1724  John Carteret, Baron Carteret      (s.a.)
       1724 -        1748  Thomas Pelham-Holles, Duke of
                           Newcastle                          (s.a.)
       1748 -        1751  John Russell, Duke of Bedford      (b. 1710 - d. 1771)
       1751 -        1754  Robert Darcy, Earl of Holderness
                           (1st time)                         (s.a.)
       1754 -        1755  Sir Thomas Robinson                (b. c.1700 - d. 1771)
       1755 -        1756  Henry Fox                          (b. 1705 - d. 1774)
 4 Dec 1756 -    Apr 1757  William Pitt (1st time)            (b. 1708 - d. 1778)
       1757                Robert Darcy, Earl of Holderness
                           (2nd time)                         (s.a.)
       1757 -        1761  William Pitt (2nd time)            (s.a.)
       1761 -        1763  Charles Wyndham, Earl of Egremont  (b. 1710 - d. 1763)
       1763 -        1765  George Montagu Dunk, Earl of
                           Halifax                            (s.a.)
       1765 -        1766  Henry Seymour Conway               (s.a.)
       1766                Charles Lennox, Duke of Richmond
                           and Lennox                         (b. 1735 - d. 1806)
       1766 -        1768  William Petty, Earl of Shelburne   (b. 1737 - d. 1805)
       1768 -        1770  Thomas Thynne, Viscount Weymouth
                           (1st time)                         (s.a.)
       1770 -        1775  William Nassau de Zuylestein,
                           Earl of Rochford                   (s.a.)
       1775 -        1779  Thomas Thynne, Viscount Weymouth
                           (2nd time)                         (s.a.)
       1779 -        1782  Wills Hill, Earl of Hillsborough   (b. 1718 - d. 1793)
- Home Affairs -
       1782                William Petty, Earl of Shelburne   (s.a.)
       1782 -        1783  Thomas Townshend (1st time)        (b. 1733 - d. 1800)
       1783                Frederick North, Lord North        (b. 1732 - d. 1792)
       1783 -        1789  Thomas Townshend, Viscount Sydney
                           (2nd time)                         (s.a.)
       1789 -        1791  William Wyndham Grenville, (from
                           1790) Baron Grenville              (b. 1759 - d. 1834)
       1791 -        1794  Henry Dundas                       (b. 1742 - d. 1811)
       1794 -        1801  William Henry Cavendish Bentinck,
                           Duke of Portland                   (b. 1738 - d. 1809)
       1801 -        1803  Thomas Pelham                      (b. 1756 - d. 1826)
       1803 -        1804  Charles Philip Yorke               (b. 1764 - d. 1834)
       1804 -        1806  Robert Jenkinson, Baron Hawkesbury
                           (1st time)                         (b. 1770 - d. 1828)
       1806 -        1807  George John Spencer, Earl Spencer
       1807 -        1809  Robert Jenkinson, Baron Hawkesbury
                           (from 1808, Robert Jenkinson, Earl
                           of Liverpool) (2nd time)           (s.a.)
       1809 -        1812  Richard Ryder                      (b. 1766 - d. 1832)
       1812 -        1822  Henry Addington, Viscount Sidmouth (b. 1757 - d. 1844)
       1822 -        1827  Robert Peel (1st time)             (b. 1788 - d. 1850)
       1827                William Sturges-Bourne             (b. 1769 - d. 1845)
       1827 -        1828  Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, Marquess
                           of Lansdowne                       (b. 1780 - d. 1863)
       1828 -        1830  Robert Peel (2nd time)             (s.a.)
       1830 -        1834  William Lamb, Viscount Melbourne   (b. 1779 - d. 1848)
       1834                John Ponsonby, Viscount Duncannon  (b. 1781 - d. 1847)
15 Dec 1834 - 18 Apr 1835  Henry Goulburn                     (b. 1784 - d. 1856)
18 Apr 1835 - 30 Aug 1839  Lord John Russell                  (b. 1792 - d. 1878)
30 Aug 1839 -  6 Sep 1841  Constantine Henry Phipps, Marquess
                           of Normanby                        (b. 1797 - d. 1863)
 6 Sep 1841 -  6 Jul 1846  Sir James Graham                   (b. 1792 - d. 1861)
 6 Jul 1846 - 27 Feb 1852  Sir George Grey (1st time)         (b. 1799 - d. 1882)
27 Feb 1852 - 28 Dec 1852  Spencer Horatio Walpole (1st time) (b. 1806 - d. 1898)
28 Dec 1852 -  8 Feb 1855  Henry John Temple, Viscount
                           Palmerston                         (b. 1784 - d. 1865)
 8 Feb 1855 - 28 Feb 1855  Sidney Herbert                     (b. 1810 - d. 1861)
28 Feb 1855 - 26 Feb 1858  Sir George Grey (2nd time)         (s.a.)
26 Feb 1858 - 28 Feb 1859  Spencer Horatio Walpole (2nd time) (s.a.)
28 Feb 1859 - 18 Jun 1859  Thomas Henry Sutton Sotheron
                           Escourt                            (b. 1801 - d. 1876)
18 Jun 1859 - 23 Jul 1861  Sir George Cornewall Lewis         (b. 1806 - d. 1863)
23 Jul 1861 -  6 Jul 1866  Sir George Grey (3rd time)         (s.a.)
 6 Jul 1866 - 17 May 1867  Spencer Horatio Walpole (3rd time) (s.a.)
17 May 1867 -  9 Dec 1868  Gathorne Hardy                     (b. 1814 - d. 1906)
 9 Dec 1868 -  9 Aug 1873  Henry Austin Bruce                 (b. 1815 - d. 1895)
 9 Aug 1873 - 21 Feb 1874  Robert Lowe                        (b. 1811 - d. 1892)
21 Feb 1874 - 28 Apr 1880  Sir Richard Assheton Cross
                           (1st time)                         (b. 1823 - d. 1914)
28 Apr 1880 - 24 Jun 1885  Sir William Harcourt               (b. 1827 - d. 1904)
24 Jun 1885 -  6 Feb 1886  Sir Richard Assheton Cross
                           (2nd time)                         (s.a.)
 6 Feb 1886 -  3 Aug 1886  Hugh Culling Eardley Childers      (b. 1827 - d. 1896)
 3 Aug 1886 - 18 Aug 1892  Henry Matthews                     (b. 1826 - d. 1913)
18 Aug 1892 - 29 Jun 1895  H.H. Asquith                       (b. 1852 - d. 1928)
29 Jun 1895 - 12 Nov 1900  Sir Matthew White Ridley           (b. 1842 - d. 1904)
12 Nov 1900 - 11 Aug 1902  Charles Thomson Ritchie            (b. 1838 - d. 1906)
11 Aug 1902 - 11 Dec 1905  Aretas Akers-Douglas               (b. 1851 - d. 1926)
11 Dec 1905 - 19 Feb 1910  Herbert John Gladstone             (b. 1854 - d. 1930)
19 Feb 1910 - 24 Oct 1911  Winston Churchill                  (b. 1874 - d. 1965)
24 Oct 1911 - 27 May 1915  Reginald McKenna                   (b. 1863 - d. 1943)
27 May 1915 - 12 Jan 1916  Sir John Simon (1st time)          (b. 1873 - d. 1954)
12 Jan 1916 - 11 Dec 1916  Herbert Louis Samuel (1st time)    (b. 1870 - d. 1963)
11 Dec 1916 - 14 Jan 1919  Sir George Cave (from 1918,
                           George Cave, Viscount Cave)        (b. 1856 - d. 1928)
14 Jan 1919 - 25 Oct 1922  Edward Shortt                      (b. 1862 - d. 1935)
25 Oct 1922 - 23 Jan 1924  William Clive Bridgeman            (b. 1864 - d. 1935)
23 Jan 1924 -  7 Nov 1924  Arthur Henderson                   (b. 1863 - d. 1935)
 7 Nov 1924 -  7 Jun 1929  Sir William Joynson-Hicks          (b. 1865 - d. 1932)
 8 Jun 1929 - 26 Aug 1931  John Robert Clynes                 (b. 1869 - d. 1949)
26 Aug 1931 -  1 Oct 1932  Sir Herbert Louis Samuel
                           (2nd time)                         (s.a.)
 1 Oct 1932 -  7 Jun 1935  Sir John Gilmour                   (b. 1876 - d. 1940)
 7 Jun 1935 - 28 May 1937  Sir John Simon (2nd time)          (s.a.)
28 May 1937 -  4 Sep 1939  Sir Samuel Hoare                   (b. 1880 - d. 1959)
 4 Sep 1939 -  4 Oct 1940  Sir John Anderson                  (b. 1882 - d. 1958)
 4 Oct 1940 - 28 May 1945  Herbert Morrison                   (b. 1888 - d. 1965)
28 May 1945 -  3 Aug 1945  Sir Donald Bradley Somervell       (b. 1889 - d. 1960)
 3 Aug 1945 - 27 Oct 1951  James Chuter Ede                   (b. 1882 - d. 1965)
27 Oct 1951 - 19 Oct 1954  Sir David Patrick Maxwell Fyfe     (b. 1900 - d. 1967)
19 Oct 1954 - 14 Jan 1957  Gwilym Lloyd George                (b. 1894 - d. 1967)
14 Jan 1957 - 13 Jul 1962  Richard Austen Butler              (b. 1902 - d. 1982)
13 Jul 1962 - 19 Oct 1964  Henry Brooke                       (b. 1903 - d. 1984)
19 Oct 1964 - 23 Dec 1965  Sir Frank Soskice                  (b. 1902 - d. 1979)
23 Dec 1965 - 29 Nov 1967  Roy Jenkins (1st time)             (b. 1920 - d. 2003)
29 Nov 1967 - 20 Jun 1970  James Callaghan                    (b. 1912 - d. 2005)
20 Jun 1970 - 19 Jul 1972  Reginald Maudling                  (b. 1917 - d. 1979)
19 Jul 1972 -  5 Mar 1974  Robert Carr                        (b. 1916 - d. 2012)
 5 Mar 1974 - 10 Sep 1976  Roy Jenkins (2nd time)             (s.a.)
10 Sep 1976 -  5 May 1979  Merlyn Rees                        (b. 1920 - d. 2006)
 5 May 1979 - 12 Jun 1983  William Whitelaw                   (b. 1918 - d. 1999)
12 Jun 1983 -  2 Sep 1985  Leon Brittan                       (b. 1939)
 2 Sep 1985 - 26 Oct 1989  Douglas Hurd                       (b. 1930)
26 Oct 1989 - 29 Nov 1990  David Waddington                   (b. 1929)
29 Nov 1990 - 11 Apr 1992  Kenneth Baker                      (b. 1934)
11 Apr 1992 - 27 May 1993  Kenneth Clarke                     (b. 1940)
27 May 1993 -  2 May 1997  Michael Howard                     (b. 1941)
 2 May 1997 -  8 Jun 2001  Jack Straw                         (b. 1946)
 8 Jun 2001 - 15 Dec 2004  David Blunkett                     (b. 1947)
15 Dec 2004 -  5 May 2006  Charles Clarke                     (b. 1950)
 5 May 2006 - 28 Jun 2007  John Reid                          (b. 1947)
28 Jun 2007 -  5 Jun 2009  Jacqui Smith (f)                   (b. 1962)
 5 Jun 2009 - 12 May 2010  Alan Johnson                       (b. 1950)
12 May 2010 -              Theresa May (f)                    (b. 1956)

Ministry of Justice

13 Jun 2003                Department for Constitutional Affairs subsumes
                           Lord Chancellor's Department
 9 May 2007                renamed Ministry of Justice

Lord Chancellors (from 13 Jun 2003 also secretaries of state)
       1693 - 17 Apr 1700  Sir John Somers (from 1697, John
                           Somers, Baron Somers)              (b. 1651 - d. 1716)
                           (Lord Keeper to 22 Apr 1697)
21 May 1700 - 11 Oct 1705  Sir Nathan Wright (Lord Keeper)    (b. 1654 - d. 1721)
11 Oct 1705 - 23 Sep 1710  William Cowper, (from Nov 1706)
                           Baron Cowper (1st time)            (b. 16... - d. 1723)
                           (Lord Keeper to May 1707)
23 Sep 1710 - 19 Oct 1710  Sir T. Trevor
                           et al. (commissioners)
19 Oct 1710 - 21 Sep 1714  Simon Harcourt, (from 1711) Baron
                           Harcourt (Lord Keeper to 1713)     (b. 1661? - d. 1727)
21 Sep 1714 - 15 Apr 1718  William Cowper, Baron Cowper
                           (2nd time)                         (s.a.)
15 Apr 1718 - 12 May 1718  Sir R. Tracy
                           et al. (commissioners)
12 May 1718 -  7 Jan 1725  Thomas Parker, Baron Macclesfield
                           (from 1721, Thomas Parker, Earl of
                           Macclesfield)                      (b. 1666? - d. 1732)
 7 Jan 1725 -  1 Jun 1725  Sir Joseph Jekyll                  (b. 1663 - d. 1738)
                           et al. (commissioners)
 1 Jun 1725 - 19 Nov 1733  Peter King, Baron King             (b. 1669 - d. 1734)
29 Nov 1733 - 14 Feb 1737  Charles Talbot, Baron Talbot of
                           Hensol                             (b. 1685 - d. 1737)
21 Feb 1737 - 19 Nov 1756  Philip Yorke, Baron Hardwicke
                           (from 1754, Philip Yorke, Earl of
                           Hardwicke)                         (b. 1690 - d. 1764)
19 Nov 1756 -        1757  Sir John Willes                    (b. 1685 - d. 1761)
                           et al. (commissioners)
       1757 - 30 Jul 1766  Sir Robert Henley (from 1760,
                           Robert Henley, Baron Henley; from
                           1764, Robert Henley, Earl of
                           Northington)                       (b. 1708? - d. 1772)
                           (Lord Keeper to 16 Jan 1761)
30 Jul 1766 - 17 Jan 1770  Charles Pratt, Baron Camden        (b. 1714 - d. 1794)
17 Jan 1770 - 30 Jan 1770  Charles Yorke                      (b. 1722 - d. 1770)
30 Jan 1770 - 23 Jan 1771  Sir Sidney Stafford Smythe         (b. 1705 - d. 1778)
                           et al. (commissioners)
23 Jan 1771 -  3 Jun 1778  Henry Bathurst, Baron Apsley
                           (from 1775, Henry Bathurst, Earl
                           Bathurst)                          (b. 1714 - d. 1794)
 3 Jun 1778 -  2 Apr 1783  Edward Thurlow, Baron Thurlow
                           (1st time)                         (b. 1731 - d. 1806)
 2 Apr 1783 - 23 Dec 1783  Alexander Wedderburn, Baron
                           Loughborough                       (b. 1733 - d. 1805)
                           et al. (commissioners)
23 Dec 1783 - 15 Jun 1792  Edward Thurlow, Baron Thurlow
                           (2nd time)                         (s.a.)
15 Jun 1792 - 28 Jan 1793  Sir James Eyre                     (b. 1734 - d. 1799)
                           et al. (commissioners)
28 Jan 1793 - 14 Apr 1801  Alexander Wedderburn, Baron
                           Loughborough                       (s.a.)
14 Apr 1801 -  7 Feb 1806  John Scott, Baron Eldon (1st time) (b. 1751 - d. 1838)
 7 Feb 1806 -  1 Apr 1807  Thomas Erskine, Baron Erskine      (b. 1750 - d. 1823)
 1 Apr 1807 -  1 May 1827  John Scott, Baron Eldon (from
                           1821, John Scott, Earl of Eldon)
                           (2nd time)                         (s.a.)
 1 May 1827 - 22 Nov 1830  John Singleton Copley, Baron
                           Lyndhurst (1st time)               (b. 1772 - d. 1863)
   Nov 1830 -    Nov 1834  Henry Brougham, Baron Brougham     (b. 1778 - d. 1868)
   Dec 1834 -    Apr 1835  John Singleton Copley, Baron
                           Lyndhurst (2nd time)               (s.a.)
   Apr 1835 - 17 Jan 1836  Sir Charles Pepys                  (b. 1781 - d. 1851)
                           et al. (commissioners)
17 Jan 1836 -  6 Sep 1841  Charles Pepys, Baron Cottenham
                           (1st time)                         (s.a.)
 6 Sep 1841 -  6 Jul 1846  John Singleton Copley, Baron
                           Lyndhurst (3rd time)               (s.a.)
 6 Jul 1846 -        1850  Charles Pepys, Baron Cottenham
                           (2nd time)                         (s.a.)
       1850                Henry Bickersteth, Baron Langdale  (b. 1783 - d. 1851)
                           et al. (commissioners)
       1850 - 27 Feb 1852  Thomas Wilde, Baron Truro          (b. 1782 - d. 1855)
27 Feb 1852 - 28 Dec 1852  Edward Sugden, Baron St. Leonards  (b. 1781 - d. 1875)
28 Dec 1852 -  1 Mar 1858  Robert Monsey Rolfe, Baron
                           Cranworth (1st time)               (b. 1790 - d. 1868)
 1 Mar 1858 - 24 Jun 1859  Frederick Thesiger, Baron
                           Chelmsford (1st time)              (b. 1794 - d. 1878)
24 Jun 1859 - 27 Jun 1861  John Campbell, Baron Campbell      (b. 1779 - d. 1861)
27 Jun 1861 - 11 Jul 1865  Richard Bethell, Baron Westbury    (b. 1800 - d. 1873)
11 Jul 1865 -  9 Jul 1866  Robert Monsey Rolfe, Baron
                           Cranworth (2nd time)               (s.a.)
 9 Jul 1866 - 29 Feb 1868  Frederick Thesiger, Baron
                           Chelmsford (2nd time)              (s.a.)
29 Feb 1868 - 12 Dec 1868  Hugh McCalmont Cairns, Baron
                           Cairns (1st time)                  (b. 1819 - d. 1885)
12 Dec 1868 -  2 Nov 1872  William Page Wood, Baron Hatherley (b. 1801 - d. 1881)
 2 Nov 1872 - 21 Feb 1874  Roundell Palmer, Baron Selborne
                           (1st time)                         (b. 1812 - d. 1895)
21 Feb 1874 - 28 Apr 1880  Hugh McCalmont Cairns, Baron
                           Cairns (from 1878, Hugh McCalmont
                           Cairns, Earl Cairns) (2nd time)    (s.a.)
28 Apr 1880 - 24 Jun 1885  Roundell Palmer, Baron Selborne
                           (from 1882, Roundell Palmer, Earl
                           of Selborne) (2nd time)            (s.a.)
24 Jun 1885 -  6 Feb 1886  Hardinge Giffard, Baron Halsbury
                           (1st time)                         (b. 1823 - d. 1921)
 6 Feb 1886 -  3 Aug 1886  Farrer Herschell, Baron Herschell
                           (1st time)                         (b. 1837 - d. 1899)
 3 Aug 1886 - 18 Aug 1892  Hardinge Giffard, Baron Halsbury
                           (2nd time)                         (s.a.)
18 Aug 1892 - 29 Jun 1895  Farrer Herschell, Baron Herschell
                           (2nd time)                         (s.a.)
29 Jun 1895 - 11 Dec 1905  Hardinge Giffard, Baron Halsbury
                           (from 1898, Hardinge Giffard, Earl
                           of Halsbury) (3rd time)            (s.a.)
11 Dec 1905 - 10 Jun 1912  Sir Robert Reid (from 8 Jan 1906,
                           Robert Reid, Baron Loreburn; from
                           1911, Robert Reid, Earl Loreburn)  (b. 1846 - d. 1923)
10 Jun 1912 - 27 May 1915  Richard Burdon Haldane, Viscount
                           Haldane (1st time)                 (b. 1856 - d. 1928)
27 May 1915 - 11 Dec 1916  Stanley Buckmaster, Baron
                           Buckmaster                         (b. 1861 - d. 1934)
11 Dec 1916 - 14 Jan 1919  Robert Bannatyne Finlay, Baron
                           Finlay                             (b. 1842 - d. 1929)
14 Jan 1919 - 25 Oct 1922  Frederick Smith, Baron Birkenhead
                           (from 1921, Frederick Smith,
                           Viscount Birkenhead)               (b. 1872 - d. 1930)
25 Oct 1922 - 23 Jan 1924  George Cave, Viscount Cave
                           (1st time)                         (b. 1856 - d. 1928)
23 Jan 1924 -  7 Nov 1924  Richard Burdon Haldane, Viscount
                           Haldane (2nd time)                 (s.a.)
 7 Nov 1924 - 27 Mar 1928  George Cave, Viscount Cave
                           (2nd time)                         (s.a.)
29 Mar 1928 -  7 Jun 1929  Douglas McGarel Hogg, Baron
                           Hailsham (1st time)                (b. 1872 - d. 1950)
 8 Jun 1929 -  6 Jun 1935  John Sankey, Baron Sankey (from
                           1932, John Sankey, Viscount
                           Sankey)                            (b. 1866 - d. 1948)
 6 Jun 1935 - 15 Mar 1938  Douglas McGarel Hogg, Viscount
                           Hailsham (2nd time)                (s.a.)
15 Mar 1938 -  4 Sep 1939  Frederick Maugham, Baron Maugham   (b. 1866 - d. 1958)
 4 Sep 1939 - 13 May 1940  Thomas Inskip, Viscount Caldecote  (b. 1876 - d. 1947)
13 May 1940 - 28 Jul 1945  John Simon, Viscount Simon         (b. 1873 - d. 1954)
28 Jul 1945 - 25 Oct 1951  William Jowitt, Baron Jowitt
                           (from 1947, William Jowitt,
                           Viscount Jowitt)                   (b. 1885 - d. 1957)
26 Oct 1951 - 18 Oct 1954  Gavin Turnbull Simonds, Baron
                           Simonds                            (b. 1881 - d. 1971)
19 Oct 1954 - 16 Jul 1962  David Maxwell Fyfe, Viscount
                           Kilmuir                            (b. 1900 - d. 1967)
17 Jul 1962 - 26 Oct 1964  Reginald Manningham-Buller,
                           Baron Dilhorne                     (b. 1905 - d. 1980)
27 Oct 1964 - 27 Jun 1970  Gerald Austin Gardiner, Baron
                           Gardiner                           (b. 1900 - d. 1990)
28 Jun 1970 -  4 Mar 1974  Quintin McGarel Hogg, Baron
                           Hailsham (1st time)                (b. 1907 - d. 2001)
 5 Mar 1974 -  4 May 1979  Frederick Elwyn-Jones, Baron
                           Elwyn-Jones                        (b. 1909 - d. 1989)
 5 May 1979 - 12 Jun 1987  Quintin McGarel Hogg, Baron
                           Hailsham (2nd time)                (s.a.)
13 Jun 1987 - 27 Oct 1987  Michael Havers, Baron Havers       (b. 1923 - d. 1992)
28 Oct 1987 -  3 May 1997  James Mackay, Baron Mackay of
                           Clashfern                          (b. 1927)
 3 May 1997 - 12 Jun 2003  Alexander Irvine, Baron Irvine of
                           Lairg                              (b. 1940)
12 Jun 2003 - 28 Jun 2007  Charles Leslie Falconer, Baron
                           Falconer of Thoroton               (b. 1951)
28 Jun 2007 - 12 May 2010  Jack Straw                         (b. 1946)
12 May 2010 -  4 Sep 2012  Kenneth Clarke                     (b. 1940)
 4 Sep 2012 -              Chris Grayling                     (b. 1962)

Lord President of the Council

Lord Presidents of the Council
       1699 -        1702  Thomas Herbert, Earl of Pembroke
                           (1st time)                         (b. 1656 - d. 1733)
       1702                Charles Seymour, Duke of Somerset  (b. 1662 - d. 1748)
       1702 -        1708  Thomas Herbert, Earl of Pembroke
                           (2nd time)                         (s.a.)
       1708 -        1710  John Somers, Baron Somers          (b. 1651 - d. 1716)
       1710 -        1711  Laurence Hyde, Earl of Rochester   (b. 1641 - d. 1711)
       1711 -        1714  John Sheffield, Duke of
                           Buckinghamshire                    (b. 1648 - d. 1721)
       1714 -        1716  Daniel Finch, Earl of Nottingham   (b. 1647 - d. 1730)
       1716 -        1717  William Cavendish, Duke of
                           Devonshire (1st time)              (b. c.1672 - d. 1729)
       1717 -        1719  Charles Spencer, Earl of
                           Sunderland                         (b. 1674 - d. 1722)
       1719 -        1720  Evelyn Pierrepont, Duke of
                           Kingston                           (b. 1665? - d. 1726)
       1720 -        1721  Charles Townshend,
                           Viscount Townshend                 (b. 1674 - d. 1738)
       1721 -        1725  Henry Boyle, Baron Carleton        (b. 1669 - d. 1725)
       1725 -        1729  William Cavendish, Duke of
                           Devonshire (2nd time)              (s.a.)
       1729 -        1730  Thomas Trevor, Baron Trevor        (b. 1658 - d. 1730)
       1730 -        1742  Spencer Compton, Earl of
                           Wilmington                         (b. 1673? - d. 1743)
       1742 -        1745  William Stanhope, Earl of
                           Harrington                         (b. 1690? - d. 1756)
       1745 -        1751  Lionel Cranfield Sackville, Duke
                           of Dorset                          (b. 1688 - d. 1765)
       1751 -        1763  John Carteret, Earl Granville      (b. 1690 - d. 1763)
       1763 -        1765  John Russell, Duke of Bedford      (b. 1710 - d. 1771)
       1765 -        1766  Daniel Finch, Earl of Winchilsea
                           and Nottingham                     (b. 1689 - d. 1769)
       1766 -        1767  Robert Henley, Earl of Northington (b. 1708? - d. 1772)
       1767 -        1779  Granville Leveson-Gower, Earl
                           Gower (1st time)                   (b. 1721 - d. 1803)
       1779 -        1782  Henry Bathurst, Earl Bathurst      (b. 1714 - d. 1794)
       1782 -        1783  Charles Pratt, Baron Camden
                           (1st time)                         (b. 1714 - d. 1794)
       1783                David Murray, Viscount Stormont
                           (1st time)                         (b. 1727 - d. 1796)
       1783 -        1784  Granville Leveson-Gower, Earl
                           Gower (2nd time)                   (s.a.)
       1784 -        1794  Charles Pratt, Baron Camden (from
                           1786, Charles Pratt, Earl Camden)
                           (2nd time)                         (s.a.)
       1794                William Fitzwilliam, Earl
                           Fitzwilliam (1st time)             (b. 1748 - d. 1833)
       1794 -        1796  David Murray, Earl of Mansfield
                           (2nd time)                         (s.a.)
       1796 -        1801  John Pitt, Earl of Chatham         (b. 1756 - d. 1835)
       1801 -        1805  William Cavendish-Bentinck, Duke
                           of Portland                        (b. 1738 - d. 1809)
       1805                Henry Addington, Viscount Sidmouth
                           (1st time)                         (b. 1757 - d. 1844)
       1805 -        1806  John Jeffreys Pratt, Earl Camden
                           (1st time)                         (b. 1759 - d. 1840)
       1806                William Fitzwilliam, Earl
                           Fitzwilliam (2nd time)             (s.a.)
       1806 -        1807  Henry Addington, Viscount Sidmouth
                           (2nd time)                         (s.a.)
       1807 -        1812  John Jeffreys Pratt, Earl Camden
                           (2nd time)                         (s.a.)
       1812                Henry Addington, Viscount Sidmouth
                           (3rd time)                         (s.a.)
       1812 -        1827  Dudley Ryder, Earl of Harrowby     (b. 1762 - d. 1847)
       1827 -        1828  William Cavendish-Bentinck, Duke
                           of Portland                        (b. 1768 - d. 1854)
       1828 -        1830  Henry Bathurst, Earl Bathurst      (b. 1762 - d. 1834)
       1830 -        1834  Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, Marquess
                           of Lansdowne (1st time)            (b. 1780 - d. 1863)
       1834 -        1835  James Erskine, Earl of Rosslyn     (b. 1762 - d. 1837)
       1835 -        1841  Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, Marquess
                           of Lansdowne (2nd time)            (s.a.)
       1841 - 19 Dec 1845  James Stuart-Wortley-Mackenzie,
                           Baron Wharncliffe                  (b. 1776 - d. 1845)
       1846                Walter Montagu-Douglas-Scott, Duke
                           of Buccleuch and Queensberry       (b. 1806 - d. 1884)
       1846 -        1852  Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, Marquess
                           of Lansdowne (3rd time)            (s.a.)
       1852                William Lowther, Earl of Lonsdale  (b. 1787 - d. 1872)
       1852 -        1854  Granville George Leveson-Gower,
                           Earl Granville (1st time)          (b. 1815 - d. 1891)
       1854 -        1855  Lord John Russell                  (b. 1792 - d. 1878)
       1855 -        1858  Granville George Leveson-Gower,
                           Earl Granville (2nd time)          (s.a.)
       1858 -        1859  James Cecil, Marquess of Salisbury (b. 1791 - d. 1868)
       1859 -        1866  Granville George Leveson-Gower,
                           Earl Granville (3rd time)          (s.a.)
   Jul 1866 -    Mar 1867  Richard Plantagenet Campbell
                           Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-
                           Grenville, Duke of Buckingham
                           and Chandos                        (b. 1823 - d. 1889)
       1867 -        1868  John Churchill, Duke of
                           Marlborough                        (b. 1822 - d. 1883)
       1868 -        1873  George Robinson, Earl of Ripon
                           (from 1871, George Robinson,
                           Marquess of Ripon)                 (b. 1827 - d. 1909)
       1873 -        1874  Henry Austin Bruce, Baron Aberdare (b. 1815 - d. 1895)
       1874 -        1880  Charles Gordon-Lennox, Duke of
                           Richmond and Gordon                (b. 1818 - d. 1903)
       1880 -        1882  John Poyntz Spencer, Earl Spencer
                           (1st time)                         (b. 1835 - d. 1910)
       1883 -        1885  Chichester Parkinson-Fortescue,
                           Baron Carlingford                  (b. 1823 - d. 1898)
       1885 -        1886  Gathorne Gathorne-Hardy, Viscount
                           Cranbrook (1st time)               (b. 1814 - d. 1906)
       1886                John Poyntz Spencer, Earl Spencer
                           (2nd time)                         (s.a.)
       1886 -        1892  Gathorne Gathorne-Hardy, Viscount
                           Cranbrook (2nd time)               (s.a.)
       1892 -        1894  John Wodehouse, Earl of Kimberley  (b. 1826 - d. 1902)
       1894 -        1895  Archibald Primrose, Earl of
                           Rosebery                           (b. 1847 - d. 1929)
       1895 -        1903  Spencer Compton Cavendish, Duke of
                           Devonshire                         (b. 1833 - d. 1908)
       1903 -        1905  Charles Vane-Tempest-Stewart,
                           Marquess of Londonderry            (b. 1852 - d. 1915)
       1905 -        1908  Robert Crewe-Milnes, Earl of Crewe
                           (1st time)                         (b. 1858 - d. 1945)
       1908                Edward Marjoribanks, Baron
                           Tweedmouth                         (b. 1849 - d. 1909)
   Oct 1908 -    Jun 1910  Henry Hartley Fowler, Viscount
                           Wolverhampton                      (b. 1830 - d. 1911)
       1910                William Lygon, Earl Beauchamp
                           (1st time)                         (b. 1872 - d. 1938)
       1910 -        1914  John Morley, Viscount Morley of
                           Blackburn                          (b. 1838 - d. 1923)
       1914 -        1915  William Lygon, Earl Beauchamp
                           (2nd time)                         (s.a.)
       1915 -        1916  Robert Crewe-Milnes, Marquess of
                           Crewe (2nd time)                   (s.a.)
       1916 -        1919  George Nathaniel Curzon, Earl
                           Curzon (1st time)                  (b. 1859 - d. 1925)
       1919 -        1922  Arthur James Balfour (1st time)    (b. 1848 - d. 1930)
       1922 -        1924  James Gascoyne-Cecil, Marquess of
                           Salisbury                          (b. 1861 - d. 1947)
       1924                Charles Cripps, Baron Parmoor
                           (1st time)                         (b. 1852 - d. 1941)
       1924 -        1925  George Nathaniel Curzon, Marquess
                           Curzon (2nd time)                  (s.a.)
       1925 -        1929  Arthur James Balfour, Earl of
                           Balfour (2nd time)                 (s.a.)
       1929 -        1931  Charles Cripps, Baron Parmoor
                           (2nd time)                         (s.a.)
       1931 -  7 Jun 1935  Stanley Baldwin                    (b. 1867 - d. 1947)
 7 Jun 1935 - 28 May 1937  Ramsay MacDonald                   (b. 1866 - d. 1937)
       1937 -        1938  Edward Wood, Viscount Halifax      (b. 1881 - d. 1959)
       1938                Douglas McGarel Hogg, Viscount
                           Hailsham                           (b. 1872 - d. 1950)
       1938 -        1939  Walter Runciman, Viscount Runciman (b. 1870 - d. 1949)
       1939 -        1940  James Stanhope, Earl Stanhope      (b. 1880 - d. 1967)
       1940                Neville Chamberlain                (b. 1869 - d. 1940)
       1940 -        1943  Sir John Anderson                  (b. 1882 - d. 1958)
       1943 - 28 May 1945  Clement Attlee                     (b. 1883 - d. 1967)
28 May 1945 - 28 Jul 1945  Frederick Marquis, Baron Woolton
                           (1st time)                         (b. 1883 - d. 1964)
28 Jul 1945 -        1951  Herbert Morrison                   (b. 1888 - d. 1965)
       1951                Christopher Addison, Viscount
                           Addison                            (b. 1869 - d. 1951)
       1951 -        1952  Frederick Marquis, Baron Woolton
                           (2nd time)                         (s.a.)
       1952 -        1957  Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, Marquess of
                           Salisbury                          (b. 1893 - d. 1972)
       1957                Alexander Frederick Douglas-Home,
                           Earl of Home (1st time)            (b. 1903 - d. 1995)
       1957 -        1959  Quintin McGarel Hogg, Viscount
                           Hailsham (1st time)                (b. 1907 - d. 2001)
       1959 -        1960  Alexander Frederick Douglas-Home,
                           Earl of Home (2nd time)            (s.a.)
       1960 -        1964  Quintin McGarel Hogg, Viscount
                           Hailsham (2nd time)                (s.a.)
       1964 -        1966  Herbert Bowden                     (b. 1905 - d. 1994)
       1966 -        1968  Richard Crossman                   (b. 1907 - d. 1974)
   Oct 1968 -        1970  Fred Peart                         (b. 1914 - d. 1988)
       1970 -        1972  William Whitelaw (1st time)        (b. 1918 - d. 1999)
   Apr 1972 -    Nov 1972  Robert Carr                        (b. 1916 - d. 2012)
       1972 -        1974  James Prior                        (b. 1927)
       1974 -        1976  Edward Short                       (b. 1912 - d. 2012)
       1976 -        1979  Michael Foot                       (b. 1913 - d. 2010)
       1979 -        1981  Christopher Soames, Baron Soames   (b. 1920 - d. 1987)
       1981 -        1982  Francis Pym                        (b. 1922 - d. 2008)
       1982 -        1983  John Biffen                        (b. 1930)
       1983 -        1988  William Whitelaw, Viscount
                           Whitelaw (2nd time)                (s.a.)
       1988 -        1989  John Wakeham                       (b. 1932)
       1989 -        1990  Sir Geoffrey Howe                  (b. 1926)
       1990 -        1992  John MacGregor                     (b. 1937)
       1992 -        1997  Tony Newton                        (b. 1937 - d. 2012)
       1997 -        1998  Ann Taylor (f)                     (b. 1947)
       1998 -        2001  Margaret Beckett (f)               (b. 1943)
       2001 -        2003  Robin Cook                         (b. 1946 - d. 2005)
 4 Apr 2003 - 13 Jun 2003  John Reid                          (b. 1947)
13 Jun 2003 - 20 Sep 2003  Gareth Wyn Williams, Baron
                           Williams of Mostyn                 (b. 1941 - d. 2003)
 6 Oct 2003 - 28 Jun 2007  Valerie Amos, Baroness Amos (f)    (b. 1954)
28 Jun 2007 -  3 Oct 2008  Catherine Ashton, Baroness Ashton
                           of Upholland (f)                   (b. 1956)
 3 Oct 2008 -  5 Jun 2009  Janet Royall, Baroness Royall of
                           Blaisdon (f)                       (b. 1955)
 5 Jun 2009 - 12 May 2010  Peter Mandelson, Baron Mandelson   (b. 1953)
12 May 2010 -              Nick Clegg                         (b. 1967)

Duchy of Lancaster

Chancellors of the Duchy of Lancaster
       1697 -        1702  Thomas Grey, Earl Stamford         (b. 1654 - d. 1720)
       1702 -        1706  Sir John Leveson-Gower (from 1703,
                           John Leveson-Gower, Baron Gower of
                           Stittenham)                        (b. 1675 - d. 1709)
       1706 -        1710  James Stanley, Earl of Derby       (b. 1664 - d. 1736)
       1710 -        1714  William Berkeley, Baron Berkeley
                           of Stratton                        (b. 16... - d. 1741)
       1714 -        1716  Heneage Finch, Earl of Aylesford   (b. 1647? - d. 1719)
       1716 -        1717  Richard Lumley, Earl of
                           Scarborough                        (b. 1650? - d. 1721)
       1718 -        1727  Nicholas Lechmere, Baron Lechmere  (b. 1675 - d. 1727)
       1727 -        1736  John Manners, Duke of Rutland      (b. 1696 - d. 1779)
       1736 -        1743  George Cholmondeley, Earl of
                           Cholmondeley                       (b. 1703 - d. 1770)
       1743 -        1758  Richard Edgcumbe, Baron Edgcumbe
                           of Mount Edgcumbe                  (b. 1680 - d. 1758)
       1758 -        1762  Thomas Hay, Earl of Kinnoull       (b. 1710 - d. 1787)
       1762 -        1771  James Stanley, Lord Strange        (b. 1716 - d. 1771)
       1771 -        1782  Thomas Villiers, Baron Hyde of
                           Hindon (from 1776, Thomas
                           Villiers, Earl of Clarendon)       (b. 1709 - d. 1786)
       1782 -        1783  John Dunning, Baron Ashburton      (b. 1731 - d. 1783)
       1783                Edward Smith-Stanley, Earl of
                           Derby (1st time)                   (b. 1752 - d. 1834)
       1783 -        1786  Thomas Villiers, Earl of Clarendon (b. 1709 - d. 1786)
       1786 -        1803  Charles Jenkinson, Baron
                           Hawkesbury (from 1796, Charles
                           Jenkinson, Earl of Liverpool)      (b. 1727 - d. 1808)
       1803 -        1804  Thomas Pelham                      (b. 1756 - d. 1826)
       1804 -        1805  Henry Phipps, Baron Mulgrave       (b. 1755 - d. 1831)
       1805                Robert Hobart, Earl of
                           Buckinghamshire (1st time)         (b. 1760 - d. 1816)
       1805 -        1806  Dudley Ryder, Baron Harrowby       (b. 1762 - d. 1847)
       1806 -        1807  Edward Smith-Stanley, Earl of
                           Derby (2nd time)                   (s.a.)
       1807 -        1812  Spencer Perceval                   (b. 1762 - d. 1812)
       1812                Robert Hobart, Earl of
                           Buckinghamshire (2nd time)         (s.a.)
   Jun 1812 -    Jan 1823  Charles Bragge Bathurst            (b. 1754 - d. 1831)
   Jan 1823 -        1828  Nicholas Vansittart, Baron Bexley  (b. 1766 - d. 1851)
       1828                George Hamilton-Gordon, Earl of
                           Aberdeen                           (b. 1784 - d. 1860)
       1828 -        1830  Charles Arbuthnot                  (b. 1767 - d. 1850)
       1830 -        1834  Henry Richard Fox, Baron Holland
                           (1st time)                         (b. 1773 - d. 1840)
       1834 -        1835  Charles Watkin Williams Wynn       (b. 1775 - d. 1850)
       1835 -        1840  Henry Richard Fox, Baron Holland
                           (2nd time)                         (s.a.)
       1840 -        1841  George William Frederick Villiers,
                           Earl of Clarendon (1st time)       (b. 1800 - d. 1870)
       1841                Sir George Grey (1st time)         (b. 1799 - d. 1882)
       1841 -        1846  Granville Charles Henry Somerset   (b. 1792 - d. 1848)
       1846 -        1850  John Campbell, Baron Campbell      (b. 1779 - d. 1861)
       1850 -        1852  George William Frederick Howard,
                           Earl of Carlisle                   (b. 1802 - d. 1864)
       1852                Robert Adam Christopher            (b. 1804 - d. 1877)
       1852 -        1854  Edward Strutt                      (b. 1801 - d. 1880)
       1854 -        1855  Granville George Leveson-Gower,
                           Earl Granville                     (b. 1815 - d. 1891)
       1855                Dudley Ryder, Earl of Harrowby     (b. 1798 - d. 1882)
       1855 -        1858  Matthew Talbot Baines              (b. 1798 - d. 1860)
       1858 -        1859  James Graham, Duke of Montrose     (b. 1799 - d. 1874)
       1859 -        1861  Sir George Grey (2nd time)         (s.a.)
       1861 -        1864  Edward Cardwell                    (b. 1813 - d. 1886)
       1864 -        1866  George William Frederick Villiers,
                           Earl of Clarendon (2nd time)       (s.a.)
       1866                George Joachim Goschen             (b. 1831 - d. 1907)
       1866 -        1867  William Reginald Courtenay, Earl
                           of Devon                           (b. 1807 - d. 1888)
       1867 -        1868  John Wilson-Patten                 (b. 1802 - d. 1892)
       1868                Thomas Edward Taylor (1st time)    (b. 1811 - d. 1883)
       1868 -        1872  Frederick Temple Hamilton-Temple-
                           Blackwood, Baron Clandeboye,
                           (from 1871) Earl of Dufferin       (b. 1825 - d. 1902)
       1872 -        1873  Hugh Culling Eardley Childers      (b. 1827 - d. 1896)
       1873 -        1874  John Bright (1st time)             (b. 1811 - d. 1889)
       1874 -        1880  Thomas Edward Taylor (2nd time)    (s.a.)
       1880 -        1882  John Bright (2nd time)             (s.a.)
       1882                John Wodehouse, Earl of Kimberley  (b. 1826 - d. 1902)
       1882 -        1884  John George Dodson                 (b. 1825 - d. 1897)
       1884 -        1885  Sir George Otto Trevelyan          (b. 1838 - d. 1928)
       1885 -        1886  Henry Chaplin                      (b. 1840 - d. 1923)
       1886                Edward Heneage                     (b. 1840 - d. 1922)
       1886                Sir Ughtred James Kay-Shuttleworth (b. 1844 - d. 1939)
       1886                Gathorne Gathorne-Hardy, Viscount
                           Cranbrook                          (b. 1814 - d. 1906)
       1886 -        1892  John James Manners, (from 1888)
                           Duke of Rutland                    (b. 1818 - d. 1906)
       1892 -        1894  James Bryce                        (b. 1838 - d. 1922)
       1894 -        1895  Edward Marjoribanks, Baron
                           Tweedmouth                         (b. 1849 - d. 1909)
       1895                Richard Assheton Cross, Viscount
                           Cross                              (b. 1823 - d. 1914)
       1895 -        1902  Henry James, Baron James of
                           Hereford                           (b. 1828 - d. 1911)
       1902 -        1905  Sir William Hood Walrond           (b. 1849 - d. 1925)
       1905 -        1908  Sir Henry Hartley Fowler           (b. 1830 - d. 1911)
       1908 -        1909  Edmond George Petty-Fitzmaurice,
                           Baron Fitzmaurice                  (b. 1846 - d. 1925)
       1909 -        1910  Herbert Louis Samuel (1st time)    (b. 1870 - d. 1963)
       1910 -        1911  Joseph Albert Pease                (b. 1860 - d. 1943)
       1911 -        1914  Charles Hobhouse                   (b. 1862 - d. 1941)
       1914 -        1915  Charles Frederick Gurney Masterman (b. 1874 - d. 1927)
       1915                Edwin Samuel Montagu (1st time)    (b. 1879 - d. 1924)
       1915                Winston Churchill                  (b. 1874 - d. 1965)
       1915 -        1916  Herbert Louis Samuel (2nd time)    (s.a.)
       1916                Edwin Samuel Montagu (2nd time)    (s.a.)
       1916                T. McKinnon Wood                   (b. 1855 - d. 1927)
       1916 -  4 Mar 1918  Sir Frederick Cawley (from Jan
                           1918, Frederick Cawley, Baron
                           Cawley of Prestwich)               (b. 1850 - d. 1937)
 4 Mar 1918 -  8 Nov 1918  William Maxwell Aitken, Baron
                           Beaverbrook                        (b. 1879 - d. 1964)
 8 Nov 1918 -        1919  William Hayes Fisher, (from 19
                           Nov 1918) Baron Downham            (b. 1853 - d. 1920)
       1919 -        1921  David Alexander Edward Lindsay,
                           Earl of Crawford and Earl of
                           Balcares                           (b. 1871 - d. 1940)
       1921 -        1922  William Peel, Viscount Peel        (b. 1867 - d. 1937)
       1922                Sir William Sutherland             (b. 1880 - d. 1949)
       1922 -        1923  James Gascoyne-Cecil, Marquess of
                           Salisbury                          (b. 1861 - d. 1947)
       1923 -        1924  John Colin Campbell Davidson
                           (1st time)                         (b. 1889 - d. 1970)
       1924                Josiah Clement Wedgwood            (b. 1872 - d. 1943)
       1924 - 19 Oct 1927  Robert Cecil, Viscount Cecil of
                           Chelwood                           (b. 1864 - d. 1958)
19 Oct 1927 -        1929  Ronald John McNeill, (from 7 Nov
                           1927) Baron Cushendun              (b. 1861 - d. 1934)
       1929 -        1930  Sir Oswald Mosley                  (b. 1896 - d. 1980)
       1930 -        1931  Clement Attlee                     (b. 1883 - d. 1967)
       1931                Arthur Augustus William Harry
                           Ponsonby, Baron Ponsonby of
                           Shulbrede                          (b. 1871 - d. 1946)
       1931                Philip Henry Kerr, Marquess of
                           Lothian                            (b. 1892 - d. 1940)
       1931 -        1937  John Colin Campbell Davidson (from
                           1935, Sir John Colin Campbell
                           Davidson) (2nd time)               (s.a.)
       1937 -        1939  Edward Turnour, Earl Winterton     (b. 1883 - d. 1962)
       1939 -        1940  William Shepherd Morrison          (b. 1893 - d. 1961)
       1940                George Clement Tryon, Baron Tryon  (b. 1871 - d. 1940)
       1940 -        1941  Maurice Pascal Alers Hankey, Baron
                           Hankey                             (b. 1877 - d. 1963)
       1941 -        1943  Alfred Duff Cooper                 (b. 1889 - d. 1954)
       1943 - 28 May 1945  Ernest Brown                       (b. 1881 - d. 1962)
28 May 1945 - 14 Aug 1945  Sir James Arthur Salter            (b. 1881 - d. 1975)
14 Aug 1945 -        1947  John Burns Hynd                    (b. 1902 - d. 1971)
       1947 -        1948  Frank Pakenham, Baron Pakenham     (b. 1905 - d. 2001)
       1948 -        1950  Hugh Dalton                        (b. 1887 - d. 1962)
       1950 -        1951  Albert Victor Alexander, Viscount
                           Alexander of Hillsborough          (b. 1885 - d. 1965)
       1951 -        1952  Philip Cunliffe-Lister, Viscount
                           Swinton                            (b. 1884 - d. 1972)
       1952 -        1955  Frederick James Marquis, Baron
                           Woolton (from 1953, Frederick
                           James Marquis, Viscount Woolton)   (b. 1883 - d. 1964)
       1955 -        1957  George Douglas-Hamilton, Earl of
                           Selkirk                            (b. 1906 - d. 1994)
   Jan 1957 -    Oct 1961  Charles Hill                       (b. 1904 - d. 1989)
       1961 -        1963  Iain Macleod                       (b. 1913 - d. 1970)
       1963 -        1964  John Hugh Hare, Viscount Blakenham (b. 1911 - d. 1982)
       1964 -        1966  Arthur Leslie Noel Douglas
                           Houghton                           (b. 1898 - d. 1996)
       1966 -        1967  George Thomson (1st time)          (b. 1921 - d. 2008)
       1967 -        1969  Frederick Lee                      (b. 1906 - d. 1984)
       1969 -        1970  George Thomson (2nd time)          (s.a.)
   Jun 1970 -    Jul 1970  Anthony Barber                     (b. 1920 - d. 2005)
       1970 -        1972  Geoffrey Rippon                    (b. 1924 - d. 1997)
       1972 -        1974  John Emerson Harding Davies        (b. 1916 - d. 1979)
       1974 -        1979  Norman Harold Lever                (b. 1914 - d. 1995)
       1979 -        1981  Norman St. John-Stevas             (b. 1929 - d. 2012)
       1981                Francis Pym                        (b. 1922 - d. 2008)
       1981 -        1982  Janet Young, Baroness Young (f)    (b. 1926 - d. 2002)
       1982 -        1983  Cecil Edward Parkinson             (b. 1931)
       1983 -        1984  Francis Arthur Cockfield, Baron
                           Cockfield                          (b. 1916 - d. 2007)
       1984 -        1985  Alexander Patrick Greysteil
                           Ruthven, Earl of Gowrie            (b. 1939)
       1985 -        1987  Norman Tebbit                      (b. 1931)
       1987 -        1988  Kenneth Clarke                     (b. 1940)
       1988 -        1989  Tony Newton                        (b. 1937 - d. 2012)
       1989 -        1990  Kenneth Baker                      (b. 1934)
       1990 -        1992  Chris Patten                       (b. 1944)
       1992 -        1994  William Waldegrave                 (b. 1946)
       1994 -        1995  David Hunt                         (b. 1942)
       1995 -        1997  Roger Norman Freeman               (b. 1942)
       1997 -        1998  David Clark                        (b. 1939)
       1998 -        1999  Jack Cunningham                    (b. 1939)
       1999 -        2001  Mo Mowlam (f)                      (b. 1949 - d. 2005)
   Jun 2001 - 13 Jun 2003  Angus John Macdonald, Baron
                           Macdonald of Tradeston             (b. 1940)
13 Jun 2003 -  8 Sep 2004  Douglas Alexander                  (b. 1967)
 8 Sep 2004 -  6 May 2005  Alan Milburn                       (b. 1958)
 6 May 2005 -  3 Nov 2005  John Hutton                        (b. 1955)
 5 May 2006 - 28 Jun 2007  Hilary Armstrong (f)               (b. 1945)
28 Jun 2007 -  3 Oct 2008  Ed Miliband                        (b. 1969)
 3 Oct 2008 -  5 Jun 2009  Liam Byrne                         (b. 1970)
 5 Jun 2009 - 12 May 2010  Janet Royall, Baroness Royall of
                           Blaisdon (f)                       (b. 1955)
12 May 2010 -  7 Jan 2013  Thomas Galbraith, Baron
                           Strathclyde                        (b. 1960)
 7 Jan 2013 - 15 Jul 2014  Jonathan Hill, Baron Hill of
                           Oareford                           (b. 1960)
15 Jul 2014 -              Tina Stowell, Baroness Stowell of
                           Beeston (f)                        (b. 1967)

Lord Privy Seal

Lords Privy Seal
       1699 -        1700  John Lowther, Viscount Lonsdale    (b. 1655 - d. 1700)
       1700 -        1701  Ford Grey, Earl of Tankerville     (b. 1655 - d. 1701)
       1702 -        1705  John Sheffield, Marquess of
                           Normanby (from 1703, John
                           Sheffield, Duke of Buckinghamshire
                           and Normanby)                      (b. 1648 - d. 1721)
       1705 -        1711  John Holles, Duke of Newcastle     (b. 1662 - d. 1711)
       1711 -        1713  John Robinson, Bishop of Bristol   (b. 1650 - d. 1723)
       1713 -        1714  William Legge, Earl of Dartmouth   (b. 1672 - d. 1750)
       1714 -        1715  Thomas Wharton, Earl Wharton (from
                           1715, Thomas Wharton, Marquess of
                           Wharton)                           (b. 1648 - d. 1716)
       1715 -        1716  Charles Spencer, Earl of
                           Sunderland                         (b. 1674 - d. 1722)
       1716 -        1719  Evelyn Pierrepont, Duke of
                           Kingston (1st time)                (b. 1665? - d. 1726)
       1719 -        1720  Henry Grey, Duke of Kent           (b. 1664? - d. 1740)
       1720 -        1726  Evelyn Pierrepont, Duke of
                           Kingston (2nd time)                (s.a.)
       1726 -        1730  Thomas Trevor, Baron Trevor        (b. 1658 - d. 1730)
       1730 -        1731  Spencer Compton, Earl of
                           Wilmington                         (b. 1673? - d. 1743)
       1731 -        1733  William Cavendish, Duke of
                           Devonshire                         (b. 1698 - d. 1755)
       1733 -        1735  Henry Lowther, Viscount Lonsdale   (b. ... - d. 1751)
       1735 -        1740  Francis Godolphin, Earl of
                           Godolphin                          (b. 1678 - d. 1766)
       1740 -        1742  John Hervey, Baron Hervey          (b. 1696 - d. 1743)
       1742 -        1743  John Leveson-Gower, Baron Gower
                           (1st time)                         (b. 1694 - d. 1754)
       1743 -        1744  George Cholmondeley, Earl of
                           Cholmondeley                       (b. 1703 - d. 1770)
       1744 -        1754  John Leveson-Gower, Baron Gower
                           (from 1746, John Leveson-Gower,
                           Earl Gower) (2nd time)             (s.a.)
       1755 -        1757  Charles Spencer, Duke of
                           Marlborough                        (b. 1706 - d. 1758)
       1757 -        1761  Richard Grenville, Earl Temple     (b. 1711 - d. 1779)
       1761 -        1763  John Russell, Duke of Bedford      (b. 1710 - d. 1771)
       1763 -        1765  George Spencer, Duke of
                           Marlborough (1st time)             (b. 1739 - d. 1817)
   Jul 1765 -    Aug 1766  Thomas Pelham-Holles, Duke of
                           Newcastle                          (b. 1693 - d. 1768)
       1766 -        1768  William Pitt, Earl of Chatham      (b. 1708 - d. 1778)
       1768 -        1770  George William Hervey, Earl of
                           Bristol                            (b. 1721 - d. 1775)
       1770 -        1771  George Montagu Dunk, Earl of
                           Halifax                            (b. 1716 - d. 1771)
       1771                Henry Howard, Earl of Suffolk and
                           Berkshire                          (b. 1739 - d. 1779)
       1771 -        1775  Augustus Henry Fitzroy, Duke of
                           Grafton (1st time)                 (b. 1735 - d. 1811)
       1775 -        1782  William Legge, Earl of Dartmouth   (b. 1731 - d. 1801)
   Mar 1782 -        1783  Augustus Henry Fitzroy, Duke of
                           Grafton (2nd time)                 (s.a.)
       1783                Frederick Howard, Earl of Carlisle (b. 1748 - d. 1825)
       1783 -        1784  Charles Manners, Duke of Rutland   (b. 1754 - d. 1787)
       1784 -        1794  Granville Leveson-Gower, Earl
                           Gower (from 1786, Granville
                           Leveson-Gower, Marquess of
                           Stafford)                          (b. 1721 - d. 1803)
       1794                George Spencer, Duke of
                           Marlborough (2nd time)             (s.a.)
       1794 -        1798  John Pitt, Earl of Chatham         (b. 1756 - d. 1835)
       1798 -        1806  John Fane, Earl of Westmorland
                           (1st time)                         (b. 1759 - d. 1841)
       1806                Henry Addington, Viscount Sidmouth (b. 1757 - d. 1844)
       1806 -        1807  Henry Richard Fox, Baron Holland   (b. 1773 - d. 1840)
       1807 -        1827  John Fane, Earl of Westmorland
                           (2nd time)                         (s.a.)
       1827                William Cavendish-Scott-Bentinck,
                           Duke of Portland                   (b. 1768 - d. 1854)
       1827 -        1828  George Howard, Earl of Carlisle
                           (1st time)                         (b. 1773 - d. 1848)
       1828 -        1829  Edward Law, Baron Ellenborough     (b. 1790 - d. 1871)
       1829 -        1830  James St. Clair-Erskine, Earl of
                           Rosslyn                            (b. 1762 - d. 1837)
       1830 -        1833  John Lambton, Baron Durham         (b. 1792 - d. 1840)
       1833 -        1834  Frederick John Robinson, Earl of
                           Ripon                              (b. 1782 - d. 1859)
       1834                George Howard, Earl of Carlisle
                           (2nd time)                         (s.a.)
       1834                Constantine Henry Phipps, Earl of
                           Mulgrave                           (b. 1797 - d. 1863)
       1834 -        1835  James Stuart-Wortley-Mackenzie,
                           Baron Wharncliffe                  (b. 1776 - d. 1845)
       1835 -        1840  John William Ponsonby, Viscount
                           Duncannon                          (b. 1781 - d. 1847)
       1840 -        1841  George Villiers, Earl of Clarendon (b. 1800 - d. 1870)
       1841 -    Feb 1842  Richard Temple-Grenville, Duke of
                           Buckingham                         (b. 1797 - d. 1861)
   Feb 1842 -    Jan 1846  Walter Montagu-Douglas-Scott, Duke
                           of Buccleuch and Queensberry       (b. 1806 - d. 1884)
   Jan 1846 -        1846  Thomas Hamilton, Earl of
                           Haddington                         (b. 1780 - d. 1858)
       1846 -        1852  Gilbert Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound,
                           Earl of Minto                      (b. 1782 - d. 1859)
       1852                James Cecil, Marquess of Salisbury (b. 1791 - d. 1868)
       1853 -        1855  George Douglas Campbell, Duke of
                           Argyll (1st time)                  (b. 1823 - d. 1900)
       1855 -        1858  Dudley Ryder, Earl of Harrowby     (b. 1798 - d. 1882)
       1858                Ulick John de Burgh, Marquess of
                           Clanricarde                        (b. 1802 - d. 1874)
       1858 -        1859  Charles Philip Yorke, Earl of
                           Hardwicke                          (b. 1799 - d. 1873)
       1859 -        1866  George Douglas Campbell, Duke of
                           Argyll (2nd time)                  (s.a.)
       1866 -        1868  James Howard Harris, Earl of
                           Malmesbury (1st time)              (b. 1807 - d. 1889)
       1868 -        1870  John Wodehouse, Earl of Kimberley  (b. 1826 - d. 1902)
       1870 -        1874  Charles Wood, Viscount Halifax     (b. 1800 - d. 1885)
       1874 -        1876  James Howard Harris, Earl of
                           Malmesbury (2nd time)              (s.a.)
       1876 -        1880  Benjamin Disraeli, Earl of
                           Beaconsfield                       (b. 1804 - d. 1881)
       1880 -        1881  George Douglas Campbell, Duke of
                           Argyll (3rd time)                  (s.a.)
       1881 -        1885  Chichester Parkinson-Fortescue,
                           Baron Carlingford                  (b. 1823 - d. 1898)
       1885                Archibald Primrose, Earl of
                           Rosebery                           (b. 1847 - d. 1929)
       1885 -        1886  Dudley Francis Ryder, Earl of
                           Harrowby                           (b. 1831 - d. 1900)
       1886                William Ewart Gladstone (1st time) (b. 1809 - d. 1898)
       1886 -        1892  George Henry Cadogan, Earl of
                           Cadogan                            (b. 1840 - d. 1915)
       1892 -        1894  William Ewart Gladstone (2nd time) (s.a.)
       1894 -        1895  Edward Marjoribanks, Baron
                           Tweedmouth                         (b. 1849 - d. 1909)
       1895 -        1900  Richard Assheton Cross, Viscount
                           Cross                              (b. 1823 - d. 1914)
   Nov 1900 -        1902  Robert Arthur Talbot
                           Gascoyne-Cecil, Marquess of
                           Salisbury                          (b. 1830 - d. 1903)
       1902 -        1903  Arthur James Balfour               (b. 1848 - d. 1930)
       1903 -        1905  James Gascoyne-Cecil, Marquess of
                           Salisbury (1st time)               (b. 1861 - d. 1947)
       1905 -        1908  George Frederick Samuel Robinson,
                           Marquess of Ripon                  (b. 1827 - d. 1909)
       1908 -        1911  Robert Crewe-Milnes, Earl of Crewe
                           (1st time)                         (b. 1858 - d. 1945)
       1911 -        1912  Charles Wynn-Carrington, Earl
                           Carrington                         (b. 1843 - d. 1928)
       1912 -        1915  Robert Crewe-Milnes, Marquess of
                           Crewe (2nd time)                   (s.a.)
       1915 -        1916  George Nathaniel Curzon, Earl
                           Curzon                             (b. 1859 - d. 1925)
       1916 -        1919  David Lindsay, Earl of Crawford
                           and Balcarres                      (b. 1871 - d. 1940)
       1919 -        1921  Bonar Law                          (b. 1858 - d. 1923)
       1921 -        1923  Austen Chamberlain                 (b. 1863 - d. 1937)
       1923 -        1924  Robert Cecil, (from Dec 1923)
                           Viscount Cecil of Chelwood         (b. 1864 - d. 1958)
       1924                John Robert Clynes                 (b. 1869 - d. 1949)
       1924 -        1929  James Gascoyne-Cecil, Marquess of
                           Salisbury (2nd time)               (s.a.)
       1929 -        1930  James Henry Thomas                 (b. 1874 - d. 1949)
       1930 - 13 Mar 1931  Vernon Hartshorn                   (b. 1872 - d. 1931)
       1931                Thomas Johnston                    (b. 1881 - d. 1965)
       1931                William Peel, Earl Peel            (b. 1867 - d. 1937)
   Nov 1931 -        1932  Philip Snowden, Viscount Snowden   (b. 1864 - d. 1937)
       1932 -  6 Jan 1934  Stanley Baldwin                    (b. 1867 - d. 1947)
 6 Jan 1934 -        1935  Anthony Eden                       (b. 1897 - d. 1977)
       1935                Charles Vane-Tempest-Stewart,
                           Marquess of Londonderry            (b. 1878 - d. 1949)
       1935 -        1937  Edward Wood, Viscount Halifax      (b. 1881 - d. 1959)
       1937 -        1938  Herbrand Brassey Sackville, Earl
                           De La Warr                         (b. 1900 - d. 1976)
       1938 -        1939  Sir John Anderson                  (b. 1882 - d. 1958)
       1939 -        1940  Sir Samuel Hoare                   (b. 1880 - d. 1959)
       1940                Sir Kingsley Wood                  (b. 1881 - d. 1943)
       1940 -        1942  Clement Attlee                     (b. 1883 - d. 1967)
       1942                Sir Stafford Cripps                (b. 1889 - d. 1952)
       1942 -        1943  Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, Viscount
                           Cranborne                          (b. 1893 - d. 1972)
       1943 - 28 Jul 1945  William Maxwell Aitken, Baron
                           Beaverbrook                        (b. 1879 - d. 1964)
28 Jul 1945 -        1947  Arthur Greenwood                   (b. 1880 - d. 1954)
       1947                Philip Inman, Baron Inman          (b. 1892 - d. 1979)
       1947 -    Mar 1951  Christopher Addison, Viscount
                           Addison                            (b. 1869 - d. 1951)
   Mar 1951 - 14 Apr 1951  Ernest Bevin                       (b. 1881 - d. 1951)
   Apr 1951 -    Oct 1951  Richard Stokes                     (b. 1897 - d. 1957)
   Oct 1951 -        1952  Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, Marquess of
                           Salisbury                          (b. 1893 - d. 1972)
       1952 -        1955  Henry Crookshank                   (b. 1893 - d. 1961)
       1955 -        1959  Richard Austen Butler              (b. 1902 - d. 1982)
       1959 -        1960  Quintin McGarel Hogg, Viscount
                           Hailsham                           (b. 1907 - d. 2001)
       1960 -        1963  Edward Heath                       (b. 1916 - d. 2005)
       1963 -        1964  Selwyn Lloyd                       (b. 1904 - d. 1978)
       1964 -        1965  Frank Pakenham, Earl of Longford
                           (1st time)                         (b. 1905 - d. 2001)
       1965 -        1966  Sir Frank Soskice                  (b. 1902 - d. 1979)
       1966 -    Jan 1968  Frank Pakenham, Earl of Longford
                           (2nd time)                         (s.a.)
   Jan 1968 -    Apr 1968  Edward Shackleton, Baron
                           Shackleton (1st time)              (b. 1911 - d. 1994)
   Apr 1968 -    Oct 1968  Fred Peart (1st time)              (b. 1914 - d. 1988)
   Oct 1968 -        1970  Edward Shackleton, Baron
                           Shackleton (2nd time)              (s.a.)
       1970 -  5 Jun 1973  George Patrick John Rushworth
                           Jellicoe, Earl Jellicoe            (b. 1918 - d. 2007)
 5 Jun 1973 -        1974  David James George Hennessy, Baron
                           Windlesham                         (b. 1932)
       1974 -        1976  Malcolm Newton Shepherd, Baron
                           Shepherd                           (b. 1918 - d. 2001)
       1976 -        1979  Fred Peart, Baron Peart (2nd time) (s.a.)
       1979 -        1981  Sir Ian Gilmour                    (b. 1926 - d. 2007)
       1981 -        1982  Humphrey Atkins                    (b. 1922 - d. 1996)
       1982 -        1983  Janet Young, Baroness Young (f)    (b. 1926 - d. 2002)
       1983 -        1987  John Biffen                        (b. 1930)
       1987 -        1988  John Wakeham (1st time)            (b. 1932)
       1988 -        1990  John Julian Ganzoni, Baron
                           Belstead                           (b. 1932 - d. 2005)
       1990 -        1992  David Waddington, Baron Waddington (b. 1929)
       1992 -        1994  John Wakeham, Baron Wakeham
                           (2nd time)                         (s.a.)
       1994 -        1997  Robert Michael James
                           Gascoyne-Cecil, Viscount Cranborne (b. 1946)
       1997 -        1998  Ivor Richard, Baron Richard        (b. 1932)
       1998 -        2001  Margaret Adler, Baroness Jay of
                           Paddington (f)                     (b. 1939)
       2001 - 13 Jun 2003  Gareth Wyn Williams, Baron
                           Williams of Mostyn                 (b. 1941 - d. 2003)
13 Jun 2003 -  6 May 2005  Peter Hain                         (b. 1950)
 6 May 2005 -  5 May 2006  Geoff Hoon                         (b. 1953)
 5 May 2006 - 28 Jun 2007  Jack Straw                         (b. 1946)
28 Jun 2007 - 12 May 2010  Harriet Harman (f)                 (b. 1950)
12 May 2010 -  4 Sep 2012  Sir George Young                   (b. 1941)
 4 Sep 2012 - 15 Jul 2014  Andrew Lansley                     (b. 1956)
15 Jul 2014 -              Oliver Letwin                      (b. 1956)

Department for Business, Innovation and Skills

       1970                Board of Trade and Ministry of Technology
                           merged into Department of Trade and Industry
       1974 -        1983  Departments of Trade and Industry separated
 6 May 2005                Department of Productivity, Energy and Industry
13 May 2005                Department of Trade and Industry
28 Jun 2007                Department for Business, Enterprise and Regulatory Reform
 5 Jun 2009                merged with Department for Innovation, Universities and Skills
                           to form Department for Business, Innovation and Skills

Presidents of the Board of Trade (from 1970 also secretaries of state)
       1699 -        1702  Thomas Grey, Earl of Stamford
                           (1st time)                         (b. 1654 - d. 1720)
       1702 -        1707  Thomas Thynne, Viscount Weymouth   (b. 1640 - d. 1714)
       1707 -        1711  Thomas Grey, Earl of Stamford
                           (2nd time)                         (s.a.)
       1711 -        1712  Charles Finch, Earl of Winchilsea  (b. 1672 - d. 1712)
       1713 -        1714  Francis North, Baron Guilford      (b. 1673 - d. 1729)
       1714 -        1715  William Berkeley, Baron Berkeley
                           of Stratton                        (b. 16... - d. 1741)
       1715 -        1718  Henry Howard, Earl of Suffolk      (b. 1670 - d. 1718)
       1718 -        1719  Robert Darcy, Earl of Holderness   (b. 1681 - d. 1722)
       1719 -        1735  Thomas Fane, Earl of Westmorland   (b. 1680 - d. 1736)
       1735 -        1737  Benjamin Mildmay, Earl Fitzwalter  (b. 1672 - d. 1756)
       1737 -        1748  John Monson, Baron Monson          (b. 1693 - d. 1748)
       1748 -        1761  George Montagu Dunk, Earl of
                           Halifax                            (b. 1716 - d. 1771)
       1761 -        1763  Samuel Sandys, Baron Sandys        (b. 1695? - d. 1770)
       1763                Charles Townshend                  (b. 1725 - d. 1767)
       1763 -    Sep 1763  William Petty, Earl of Shelburne   (b. 1737 - d. 1805)
       1763 -        1765  Wills Hill, Earl of Hillsborough
                           (1st time)                         (b. 1718 - d. 1793)
       1765 -        1766  William Legge, Earl of Dartmouth
                           (1st time)                         (b. 1731 - d. 1801)
       1766                Wills Hill, Earl of Hillsborough
                           (2nd time)                         (s.a.)
       1766 -        1768  Robert Nugent, (from 1767)
                           Viscount Clare                     (b. 1702 - d. 1788)
       1768 -        1772  Wills Hill, Earl of Hillsborough
                           (3rd time)                         (s.a.)
       1772 -        1775  William Legge, Earl of Dartmouth
                           (2nd time)                         (s.a.)
       1775 -        1779  George Sackville Germain           (b. 1716 - d. 1785)
       1779 -        1780  Frederick Howard, Earl of Carlisle (b. 1748 - d. 1825)
       1780 -        1782  Thomas Robinson, Baron Grantham    (b. 1738 - d. 1786)
       1784 -    Aug 1786  Thomas Townshend, Baron Sydney     (b. 1733 - d. 1800)
   Aug 1786 -    Jun 1804  Charles Jenkinson, Baron
                           Hawkesbury (from 1796, Charles
                           Jenkinson, Earl of Liverpool)      (b. 1727 - d. 1808)
   Jun 1804 -    Feb 1806  James Graham, Duke of Montrose     (b. 1755 - d. 1836)
   Feb 1806 -    Mar 1807  William Eden, Baron Auckland       (b. 1744 - d. 1814)
   Mar 1807 -        1812  Henry Bathurst, Earl Bathurst      (b. 1762 - d. 1834)
       1812 -    Jan 1818  Richard le Poer Trench, Earl of
                           Clancarty                          (b. 1767 - d. 1837)
   Jan 1818 -    Jan 1823  Frederick John Robinson (1st time) (b. 1782 - d. 1859)
   Jan 1823 -    Sep 1827  William Huskisson                  (b. 1770 - d. 1830)
   Sep 1827 -    Jun 1828  Charles Grant                      (b. 1778 - d. 1866)
   Jun 1828 -    Feb 1830  William Vesey Fitzgerald           (b. 1783 - d. 1843)
   Feb 1830 -    Nov 1830  John Charles Herries               (b. 1778 - d. 1855)
   Nov 1830 -    Jun 1834  George Eden, Baron Auckland        (b. 1784 - d. 1849)
   Jun 1834 -    Dec 1834  Charles Edward Poulett Thomson
                           (1st time)                         (b. 1799 - d. 1841)
   Dec 1834 -    Apr 1835  Alexander Baring                   (b. 1774 - d. 1848)
   Apr 1835 -    Aug 1839  Charles Edward Poulett Thomson
                           (2nd time)                         (s.a.)
   Aug 1839 -    Sep 1841  Henry Labouchere (1st time)        (b. 1798 - d. 1869)
   Sep 1841 -    May 1843  Frederick John Robinson, Earl of
                           Ripon (2nd time)                   (s.a.)
   May 1843 -    Feb 1845  William Ewart Gladstone            (b. 1809 - d. 1898)
   Feb 1845 -    Jul 1846  James Andrew Broun Ramsay, Earl of
                           Dalhousie                          (b. 1812 - d. 1860)
   Jul 1846 -    Jul 1847  George William Frederick Villiers,
                           Earl of Clarendon                  (b. 1800 - d. 1870)
   Jul 1847 -    Feb 1852  Henry Labouchere (2nd time)        (s.a.)
   Feb 1852 -    Dec 1852  Joseph Warner Henley (1st time)    (b. 1793 - d. 1884)
   Dec 1852 -    Mar 1855  Edward Cardwell                    (b. 1813 - d. 1886)
   Mar 1855 -    Apr 1858  Edward John Stanley, Baron Stanley
                           of Alderley                        (b. 1802 - d. 1869)
   Apr 1858 -    Mar 1859  Joseph Warner Henley (2nd time)    (s.a.)
   Mar 1859 -    Jul 1859  Richard John Hely Hutchinson, Earl
                           of Donoughmore                     (b. 1823 - d. 1866)
   Jul 1859 -    Jul 1866  Thomas Milner Gibson               (b. 1806 - d. 1884)
   Jul 1866 -    Mar 1867  Sir Stafford Henry Northcote       (b. 1818 - d. 1887)
   Mar 1867 -    Dec 1868  Charles Gordon-Lennox, Duke of
                           Richmond (1st time)                (b. 1818 - d. 1903)
   Dec 1868 -    Jan 1871  John Bright                        (b. 1811 - d. 1889)
   Jan 1871 -    Mar 1874  Chichester Parkinson-Fortescue     (b. 1823 - d. 1898)
   Mar 1874 -    Apr 1878  Sir Charles Bowyer Adderley        (b. 1814 - d. 1905)
   Apr 1878 -    Apr 1880  Dudley Francis Ryder, Viscount
                           Sandon                             (b. 1831 - d. 1900)
   Apr 1880 -    Jun 1885  Joseph Chamberlain                 (b. 1836 - d. 1914)
   Jun 1885 -    Aug 1885  Charles Gordon-Lennox, Duke of
                           Richmond and Gordon (2nd time)     (s.a.)
   Aug 1885 -    Feb 1886  Edward Stanhope                    (b. 1840 - d. 1893)
   Feb 1886 -    Aug 1886  Anthony John Mundella (1st time)   (b. 1825 - d. 1897)
   Aug 1886 -    Feb 1888  Frederick Arthur Stanley, Baron
                           Stanley of Preston                 (b. 1841 - d. 1908)
   Feb 1888 -    Aug 1892  Sir Michael Hicks-Beach            (b. 1837 - d. 1916)
   Aug 1892 -    May 1894  Anthony John Mundella (2nd time)   (s.a.)
   May 1894 -    Jun 1895  James Bryce                        (b. 1838 - d. 1922)
   Jun 1895 -    Nov 1900  Charles Thomson Ritchie            (b. 1838 - d. 1906)
   Nov 1900 -    Mar 1905  Gerald William Balfour             (b. 1853 - d. 1945)
   Mar 1905 -    Dec 1905  James Gascoyne-Cecil, Marquess of
                           Salisbury                          (b. 1861 - d. 1947)
   Dec 1905 -    Apr 1908  David Lloyd George                 (b. 1863 - d. 1945)
   Apr 1908 -    Feb 1910  Winston Churchill                  (b. 1874 - d. 1965)
   Feb 1910 -    Feb 1914  Sydney Charles Buxton              (b. 1853 - d. 1934)
   Feb 1914 -    Aug 1914  John Burns                         (b. 1858 - d. 1943)
   Aug 1914 -    Dec 1916  Walter Runciman (1st time)         (b. 1870 - d. 1949)
   Dec 1916 -    May 1919  Sir Albert Henry Stanley           (b. 1874 - d. 1948)
   May 1919 -    Mar 1920  Sir Auckland Campbell Geddes       (b. 1879 - d. 1954)
   Mar 1920 -    Apr 1921  Sir Robert Horne                   (b. 1871 - d. 1940)
   Apr 1921 -    Oct 1922  Stanley Baldwin                    (b. 1867 - d. 1947)
   Oct 1922 -    Jan 1924  Sir Philip Lloyd-Greame (1st time) (b. 1884 - d. 1972)
   Jan 1924 -    Nov 1924  Sidney Webb                        (b. 1859 - d. 1947)
   Nov 1924 -    Jun 1929  Sir Philip Lloyd-Greame (from Dec
                           1924, Sir Philip Cunliffe-Lister)
                           (2nd time)                         (s.a.)
   Jun 1929 -    Aug 1931  William Graham                     (b. 1887 - d. 1932)
   Aug 1931 -    Nov 1931  Sir Philip Cunliffe-Lister
                           (3rd time)                         (s.a.)
   Nov 1931 -    May 1937  Walter Runciman, (from 1932) Baron
                           Runciman (2nd time)                (s.a.)
   May 1937 -    Jan 1940  Oliver Frederick George Stanley    (b. 1896 - d. 1950)
   Jan 1940 -    Oct 1940  Sir Andrew Rae Duncan (1st time)   (b. 1884 - d. 1952)
   Oct 1940 -    Jun 1941  Oliver Lyttelton (1st time)        (b. 1893 - d. 1972)
   Jun 1941 -    Feb 1942  Sir Andrew Rae Duncan (2nd time)   (s.a.)
   Feb 1942                John Jestyn Llewellin              (b. 1893 - d. 1957)
   Feb 1942 -    May 1945  Hugh Dalton                        (b. 1887 - d. 1962)
   May 1945 -    Jul 1945  Oliver Lyttelton (2nd time)        (s.a.)
   Jul 1945 -    Sep 1947  Sir Stafford Cripps                (b. 1889 - d. 1952)
   Sep 1947 -    Apr 1951  Harold Wilson                      (b. 1916 - d. 1995)
   Apr 1951 -    Oct 1951  Sir Hartley William Shawcross      (b. 1902 - d. 2003)
   Oct 1951 -    Jan 1957  Peter Thorneycroft                 (b. 1909 - d. 1994)
   Jan 1957 -    Oct 1959  Sir David Eccles                   (b. 1904 - d. 1999)
   Oct 1959 -    Oct 1961  Reginald Maudling                  (b. 1917 - d. 1979)
   Oct 1961 -    Oct 1963  Frederick James Erroll             (b. 1914 - d. 2000)
   Oct 1963 -    Oct 1964  Edward Heath                       (b. 1916 - d. 2005)
   Oct 1964 -    Aug 1967  Douglas Patrick Thomas Jay         (b. 1907 - d. 1996)
   Aug 1967 -    Oct 1969  Anthony Crosland                   (b. 1918 - d. 1977)
   Oct 1969 -    Jun 1970  Roy Mason                          (b. 1924)
   Jun 1970 -    Oct 1970  Michael Noble                      (b. 1913 - d. 1984)
   Oct 1970 -    Nov 1972  John Davies                        (b. 1916 - d. 1979)
   Nov 1972 -    Mar 1974  Peter Walker                       (b. 1932 - d. 2010)
   Mar 1974 -    Apr 1976  Peter David Shore                  (b. 1924 - d. 2001)
   Apr 1976 -    Nov 1978  Edmund Emanuel Dell                (b. 1921 - d. 1999)
   Nov 1978 -    May 1979  John Smith                         (b. 1938 - d. 1994)
   May 1979 -    Jan 1981  John Nott                          (b. 1932)
   Jan 1981 -    Apr 1982  John Biffen                        (b. 1930)
   Apr 1982 -    Jun 1983  Francis Arthur Cockfield, Baron
                           Cockfield                          (b. 1916 - d. 2007)
   Jun 1983 -    Oct 1983  Cecil Edward Parkinson             (b. 1931)
   Oct 1983 -    Sep 1985  Norman Tebbit                      (b. 1931)
   Sep 1985 -    Jan 1986  Leon Brittan                       (b. 1939)
   Jan 1986 -    Jun 1987  Paul Channon                       (b. 1935 - d. 2007)
   Jun 1987 -    Jul 1989  David Ivor Young, Baron Young of
                           Graffham                           (b. 1932)
   Jul 1989 -    Jul 1990  Nicholas Ridley                    (b. 1929 - d. 1993)
   Jul 1990 -    Apr 1992  Peter Lilley                       (b. 1943)
   Apr 1992 -    Jul 1995  Michael Heseltine                  (b. 1933)
   Jul 1995 -    May 1997  Ian Lang                           (b. 1940)
   May 1997 -    Jul 1998  Margaret Beckett (f)               (b. 1943)
   Jul 1998 -    Dec 1998  Peter Mandelson (1st time)         (b. 1953)
   Dec 1998 -    Jun 2001  Stephen Byers                      (b. 1953)
   Jun 2001 -  6 May 2005  Patricia Hewitt (f)                (b. 1948)
 6 May 2005 -  5 May 2006  Alan Johnson                       (b. 1950)
 5 May 2006 - 28 Jun 2007  Alistair Darling                   (b. 1953)
28 Jun 2007 -  3 Oct 2008  John Hutton                        (b. 1955)
 3 Oct 2008 - 12 May 2010  Peter Mandelson, Baron Mandelson
                           (2nd time)                         (s.a.)
12 May 2010 -              Vincent Cable                      (b. 1943)

Department for Industry

Secretaries of state
   Mar 1974 -    Jun 1975  Tony Benn                          (b. 1925 - d. 2014)
   Jun 1975 -    May 1979  Eric Varley                        (b. 1932 - d. 2008)
   May 1979 -    Sep 1981  Sir Keith Joseph                   (b. 1918 - d. 1994)
   Sep 1981 -    Jun 1983  Patrick Jenkin                     (b. 1926)

Department for Innovation, Universities and Skills

Secretary of state
28 Jun 2007 -  5 Jun 2009  John Denham                        (b. 1953)

India Office

Secretaries of state
 2 Sep 1858 - 18 Jun 1859  Edward Henry Stanley, Lord Stanley (b. 1826 - d. 1893)
18 Jun 1859 - 16 Feb 1866  Sir Charles Wood                   (b. 1800 - d. 1885)
16 Feb 1866 -  6 Jul 1866  George Frederick Samuel Robinson,
                           Earl of Ripon                      (b. 1827 - d. 1909)
 6 Jul 1866 -  8 Mar 1867  Robert Arthur Talbot
                           Gascoyne-Cecil, Viscount Cranborne
                           (1st time)                         (b. 1830 - d. 1903)
 8 Mar 1867 -  9 Dec 1868  Sir Stafford Henry Northcote       (b. 1818 - d. 1887)
 9 Dec 1868 - 21 Feb 1874  George Douglas-Campbell, Duke of
                           Argyll                             (b. 1823 - d. 1900)
21 Feb 1874 -  2 Apr 1878  Robert Arthur Talbot
                           Gascoyne-Cecil, Marquess of
                           Salisbury (2nd time)               (s.a.)
 2 Apr 1878 - 28 Apr 1880  Gathorne Hardy (from 3 May 1878,
                           Gathorne Gathorne-Hardy, Viscount
                           Cranbrook)                         (b. 1814 - d. 1906)
28 Apr 1880 - 16 Dec 1882  Spencer Compton Cavendish,
                           Marquess of Hartington             (b. 1833 - d. 1908)
16 Dec 1882 - 24 Jun 1885  John Wodehouse, Earl of Kimberley
                           (1st time)                         (b. 1826 - d. 1902)
24 Jun 1885 -  6 Feb 1886  Randolph Churchill                 (b. 1849 - d. 1895)
 6 Feb 1886 -  3 Aug 1886  John Wodehouse, Earl of Kimberley
                           (2nd time)                         (s.a.)
 3 Aug 1886 - 18 Aug 1892  Sir Richard Assheton Cross (from
                           18 Aug 1886, Richard Assheton
                           Cross, Viscount Cross)             (b. 1823 - d. 1914)
18 Aug 1892 - 10 Mar 1894  John Wodehouse, Earl of Kimberley
                           (3rd time)                         (s.a.)
10 Mar 1894 -  4 Jul 1895  Henry Hartley Fowler               (b. 1830 - d. 1911)
 4 Jul 1895 -  9 Oct 1903  Lord George Francis Hamilton       (b. 1845 - d. 1927)
 9 Oct 1903 - 11 Dec 1905  St. John Brodrick                  (b. 1856 - d. 1942)
11 Dec 1905 -  3 Nov 1910  John Morley, (from 5 May 1908)
                           Viscount Morley of Blackburn       (b. 1838 - d. 1923)
 3 Nov 1910 - 27 May 1915  Robert Crewe-Milnes, Earl of Crewe
                           (from 20 Jun 1911, Robert
                           Crewe-Milnes, Marquess of Crewe)   (b. 1858 - d. 1945)
 7 Mar 1911 - 25 May 1911    John Morley, Viscount Morley
                             of Blackburn (acting for Crewe)  (s.a.)
27 May 1915 - 17 Jul 1917  Austen Chamberlain                 (b. 1863 - d. 1937)
20 Jul 1917 - 10 Mar 1922  Edwin Samuel Montagu               (b. 1879 - d. 1924)
21 Mar 1922 - 23 Jan 1924  William Peel, Viscount Peel
                           (1st time)                         (b. 1867 - d. 1937)
23 Jan 1924 -  7 Nov 1924  Sir Sydney Haldane Olivier (from
                           12 Feb 1924, Sydney Haldane
                           Olivier, Baron Olivier)            (b. 1859 - d. 1943)
 7 Nov 1924 - 22 Oct 1928  Frederick Smith, Earl of
                           Birkenhead                         (b. 1872 - d. 1930)
 1 Nov 1928 -  7 Jun 1929  William Peel, Viscount Peel
                           (2nd time)                         (s.a.)
 8 Jun 1929 - 26 Aug 1931  William Wedgwood Benn              (b. 1877 - d. 1960)
26 Aug 1931 -  7 Jun 1935  Sir Samuel Hoare                   (b. 1880 - d. 1959)
 7 Jun 1935 - 15 May 1940  Lawrence Dundas, Marquess of
                           Zetland                            (b. 1876 - d. 1961)
15 May 1940 -  3 Aug 1945  Leopold Amery                      (b. 1873 - d. 1955)
 3 Aug 1945 - 23 Apr 1947  Frederick Pethick-Lawrence, Baron
                           Pethick-Lawrence                   (b. 1871 - d. 1961)
23 Apr 1947 - 15 Aug 1947  William Francis Hare, Earl of
                           Listowel                           (b. 1906 - d. 1997)

Scotland Office

 1 Jul 1999                Scottish Office replaced by Scotland Office

Secretaries (from 26 Jul 1926, secretaries of state)
17 Aug 1885 - 17 Feb 1886  Charles Gordon-Lennox, Duke of
                           Richmond and Gordon                (b. 1818 - d. 1903)
17 Feb 1886 -  3 Apr 1886  Sir George Trevelyan (1st time)    (b. 1838 - d. 1928)
 3 Apr 1886 -  5 Aug 1886  John William Ramsay, Earl of
                           Dalhousie                          (b. 1847 - d. 1887)
 5 Aug 1886 - 25 Mar 1887  Arthur James Balfour               (b. 1848 - d. 1930)
25 Mar 1887 - 18 Aug 1892  Schomberg Henry Kerr, Marquess of
                           Lothian                            (b. 1833 - d. 1900)
18 Aug 1892 - 29 Jun 1895  Sir George Trevelyan (2nd time)    (s.a.)
29 Jun 1895 -  9 Oct 1903  Alexander Bruce, Baron Balfour of
                           Burleigh                           (b. 1849 - d. 1921)
 9 Oct 1903 -  4 Feb 1905  Andrew Graham Murray               (b. 1849 - d. 1942)
 4 Feb 1905 - 11 Dec 1905  John Adrian Louis Hope, Marquess
                           of Linlithgow                      (b. 1860 - d. 1908)
11 Dec 1905 - 29 Feb 1912  John Sinclair, (from 16 Feb 1909)
                           Baron Pentland                     (b. 1860 - d. 1925)
29 Feb 1912 - 12 Jul 1916  T. McKinnon Wood                   (b. 1855 - d. 1927)
12 Jul 1916 - 11 Dec 1916  Harold John Tennant                (b. 1865 - d. 1935)
11 Dec 1916 - 25 Oct 1922  Robert Munro                       (b. 1868 - d. 1955)
 2 Nov 1922 - 23 Jan 1924  Ronald Craufurd Munro-Ferguson,
                           Viscount Novar                     (b. 1860 - d. 1934)
23 Jan 1924 -  7 Nov 1924  William Adamson (1st time)         (b. 1863 - d. 1936)
 7 Nov 1924 -  7 Jun 1929  Sir John Gilmour                   (b. 1876 - d. 1940)
 8 Jun 1929 - 26 Aug 1931  William Adamson (2nd time)         (s.a.)
26 Aug 1931 -  1 Oct 1932  Sir Archibald Sinclair             (b. 1890 - d. 1970)
 1 Oct 1932 - 13 Oct 1936  Sir Godfrey Collins                (b. 1875 - d. 1936)
 3 Nov 1936 - 16 May 1938  Walter Elliot                      (b. 1888 - d. 1958)
16 May 1938 - 15 May 1940  John Colville                      (b. 1894 - d. 1954)
15 May 1940 - 12 Feb 1941  Ernest Brown                       (b. 1881 - d. 1962)
12 Feb 1941 - 28 May 1945  Thomas Johnston                    (b. 1881 - d. 1965)
28 May 1945 -  3 Aug 1945  Harry Primrose, Earl of Rosebery   (b. 1882 - d. 1974)
 3 Aug 1945 - 14 Oct 1947  Joseph Westwood                    (b. 1884 - d. 1948)
14 Oct 1947 -  1 Mar 1950  Arthur Woodburn                    (b. 1890 - d. 1978)
 2 Mar 1950 - 30 Oct 1951  Hector McNeil                      (b. 1910 - d. 1955)
30 Oct 1951 - 14 Jan 1957  James Stuart                       (b. 1897 - d. 1971)
14 Jan 1957 - 13 Jul 1962  John Maclay                        (b. 1905 - d. 1992)
13 Jul 1962 - 19 Oct 1964  Michael Noble                      (b. 1913 - d. 1984)
19 Oct 1964 - 20 Jun 1970  William Ross (1st time)            (b. 1911 - d. 1988)
20 Jun 1970 -  5 Mar 1974  Gordon Campbell                    (b. 1921 - d. 2005)
 5 Mar 1974 -  8 Apr 1976  William Ross (2nd time)            (s.a.)
 8 Apr 1976 -  5 May 1979  Bruce Millan                       (b. 1927 - d. 2013)
 5 May 1979 - 11 Jan 1986  George Younger                     (b. 1931 - d. 2003)
11 Jan 1986 - 29 Nov 1990  Malcolm Rifkind                    (b. 1946)
29 Nov 1990 -  5 Jul 1995  Ian Lang                           (b. 1940)
 5 Jul 1995 -  3 May 1997  Michael Forsyth                    (b. 1954)
 3 May 1997 - 17 May 1999  Donald Dewar                       (b. 1937 - d. 2000)
17 May 1999 - 24 Jan 2001  John Reid                          (b. 1947)
24 Jan 2001 - 13 Jun 2003  Helen Liddell (f)                  (b. 1950)
13 Jun 2003 -  5 May 2006  Alistair Darling                   (b. 1953)
 5 May 2006 - 28 Jun 2007  Douglas Alexander                  (b. 1967)
28 Jun 2007 -  3 Oct 2008  Des Browne                         (b. 1952)
 3 Oct 2008 - 12 May 2010  Jim Murphy                         (b. 1967)
12 May 2010 - 29 May 2010  Danny Alexander                    (b. 1972)
29 May 2010 -  7 Oct 2013  Michael Moore                      (b. 1965)
 7 Oct 2013 -              Alistair Carmichael                (b. 1965)

Wales Office

 1 Jul 1999                Welsh Office replaced by Wales Office

Secretaries of state
18 Oct 1964 -  5 Apr 1966  James Griffiths                    (b. 1890 - d. 1975)
 5 Apr 1966 -  5 Apr 1968  Cledwyn Hughes                     (b. 1916 - d. 2001)
 5 Apr 1968 - 20 Jun 1970  George Thomas                      (b. 1909 - d. 1997)
20 Jun 1970 -  5 Mar 1974  Peter Thomas                       (b. 1920 - d. 2008)
 5 Mar 1974 -  5 May 1979  John Morris                        (b. 1931)
 5 May 1979 - 13 Jun 1987  Nicholas Edwards                   (b. 1934)
13 Jun 1987 -  4 May 1990  Peter Walker                       (b. 1932 - d. 2010)
 4 May 1990 - 27 May 1993  David Hunt (1st time)              (b. 1942)
27 May 1993 - 26 Jun 1995  John Redwood                       (b. 1951)
26 Jun 1995 -  5 Jul 1995  David Hunt (2nd time)              (s.a.)
 5 Jul 1995 -  3 May 1997  William Hague                      (b. 1961)
 3 May 1997 - 27 Oct 1998  Ron Davies                         (b. 1946)
27 Oct 1998 - 28 Jul 1999  Alun Michael                       (b. 1943)
28 Jul 1999 - 24 Oct 2002  Paul Murphy (1st time)             (b. 1948)
24 Oct 2002 - 24 Jan 2008  Peter Hain (1st time)              (b. 1950)
24 Jan 2008 -  5 Jun 2009  Paul Murphy (2nd time)             (s.a.)
 5 Jun 2009 - 12 May 2010  Peter Hain (2nd time)              (s.a.)
12 May 2010 -  4 Sep 2012  Cheryl Gillan (f)                  (b. 1952)
 4 Sep 2012 - 15 Jul 2014  David Jones                        (b. 1952)
15 Jul 2014 -              Stephen Crabb                      (b. 1973)

Northern Ireland Office

Secretaries of state
 7 Apr 1972 -  2 Dec 1973  William Whitelaw                   (b. 1918 - d. 1999)
 2 Dec 1973 -  5 Mar 1974  Francis Pym                        (b. 1922 - d. 2008)
 5 Mar 1974 - 10 Sep 1976  Merlyn Rees                        (b. 1920 - d. 2006)
10 Sep 1976 -  5 May 1979  Roy Mason                          (b. 1924)
 5 May 1979 - 14 Sep 1981  Humphrey Atkins                    (b. 1922 - d. 1996)
14 Sep 1981 - 10 Sep 1984  James Prior                        (b. 1927)
10 Sep 1984 -  2 Sep 1985  Douglas Hurd                       (b. 1930)
 2 Sep 1985 - 24 Jul 1989  Tom King                           (b. 1933)
24 Jul 1989 -  2 Apr 1992  Peter Brooke                       (b. 1934)
 9 Apr 1992 -  3 May 1997  Sir Patrick Mayhew                 (b. 1929)
 3 May 1997 - 11 Oct 1999  Mo Mowlam (f)                      (b. 1949 - d. 2005)
11 Oct 1999 - 24 Jan 2001  Peter Mandelson                    (b. 1953)
24 Jan 2001 - 24 Oct 2002  John Reid                          (b. 1947)
24 Oct 2002 -  6 May 2005  Paul Murphy                        (b. 1948)
 6 May 2005 - 28 Jun 2007  Peter Hain                         (b. 1950)
28 Jun 2007 - 12 May 2010  Shaun Woodward                     (b. 1958)
12 May 2010 -  4 Sep 2012  Owen Paterson                      (b. 1956)
 4 Sep 2012 -              Theresa Villiers (f)               (b. 1968)

Independent agencies


Security Service (MI5)

Directors
   Oct 1909 -    Jun 1940  Vernon Kell (from 1919, Sir Vernon
                           Kell)                              (b. 1873 - d. 1942)
   Jun 1940 -    Apr 1941  Oswald Allen Harker                (b. 1886 - d. 1968)
Directors-general
   Apr 1941 -    May 1946  Sir David Petrie                   (b. 1879 - d. 1961)
   May 1946 -        1953  Sir Percy Sillitoe                 (b. 1888 - d. 1962)
       1953 -        1956  Dick White (from 1955, Sir Dick
                           White)                             (b. 1906 - d. 1993)
       1956 -        1965  Roger Hollis (from 1960, Sir Roger
                           Hollis)                            (b. 1905 - d. 1973)
       1965 -        1972  Martin Furnival Jones (from 1967,
                           Sir Martin Furnival Jones)         (b. 1912 - d. 1997)
       1972 -        1978  Michael Hanley (from 1974,
                           Sir Michael Hanley)                (b. 1918 - d. 2001)
       1978 -        1981  Sir Howard Smith                   (b. 1919 - d. 1996)
       1981 -    Mar 1985  Sir John Jones                     (b. 1923 - d. 1998)
   Mar 1985 -        1987  Sir Anthony Duff                   (b. 1920 - d. 2000)
       1987 -        1992  Patrick Walker (from 1990,
                           Sir Patrick Walker)                (b. 1932)
       1992 -        1996  Stella Rimington (f)               (b. 1935)
       1996 -    Oct 2002  Stephen Lander (from 2000,
                           Sir Stephen Lander)                (b. 1947)
   Oct 2002 -  8 Apr 2007  Eliza Manningham-Buller
                           (from Jun 2005, Dame Eliza
                           Manningham-Buller) (f)             (b. 1948)
 8 Apr 2007 - 22 Apr 2013  Jonathan Evans (from 29 Dec 2012,
                           Sir Jonathan Evans)                (b. 1958)
22 Apr 2013 -              Andrew Parker                      (b. 1962)

Secret Intelligence Service (MI6)

Chiefs
       1909 -        1923  Mansfield Cumming (from 1919,
                           Sir Mansfield Cumming)             (b. 1859 - d. 1923)
       1923 -  4 Nov 1939  Hugh Sinclair (from 1935,
                           Sir Hugh Sinclair)                 (b. 1873 - d. 1939)
       1939 -        1952  Stewart Menzies (from 1943,
                           Sir Stewart Menzies)               (b. 1890 - d. 1968)
       1953 -        1956  Sir John Sinclair                  (b. 1897 - d. 1977)
       1956 -        1968  Sir Dick White                     (b. 1906 - d. 1993)
       1968 -        1973  Sir John Rennie                    (b. 1914 - d. 1981)
       1973 -        1978  Maurice Oldfield (from 1975,
                           Sir Maurice Oldfield)              (b. 1915 - d. 1981)
       1978 -    Jul 1981  Dick Franks (from 1979,
                           Sir Dick Franks)                   (b. 1920 - d. 2008)
       1981 -        1985  Colin Figures (from 1983,
                           Sir Colin Figures)                 (b. 1925 - d. 2006)
       1985 -        1989  Christopher Curwen (from 1986,
                           Sir Christopher Curwen)            (b. 1929)
       1989 -        1994  Colin McColl (from 1990,
                           Sir Colin McColl)                  (b. 1932)
   Sep 1994 -  1 Sep 1999  David Spedding (from 1996,
                           Sir David Spedding)                (b. 1943 - d. 2001)
 1 Sep 1999 -  6 May 2004  Richard Dearlove (from 16 Jun
                           2001, Sir Richard Dearlove)        (b. 1945)
 6 May 2004 -  1 Nov 2009  John Scarlett (from 30 Dec 2006,
                           Sir John Scarlett)                 (b. 1948)
 1 Nov 2009 -              Sir John Sawers                    (b. 1955)

Bank of England

Governors
       1699 -        1701  Nathaniel Tench
       1701 -        1703  John Ward
       1703 -        1705  Abraham Houblon
       1705 -        1707  Sir James Bateman
       1707 -        1709  Francis Eyles                      (b. c.1650 - d. 1716)
       1709 -        1711  Sir Gilbert Heathcote (1st time)   (b. 1652 - d. 1733)
       1711 -        1713  Nathaniel Gould                    (b. 1661 - d. 1728)
       1713 -        1715  John Rudge
       1715 -        1717  Sir Peter Delme
       1717 -        1719  Sir Gerard Conyers
       1719 -        1721  John Hanger
       1721 -        1723  Sir Thomas Scawen
       1723 -        1725  Sir Gilbert Heathcote (2nd time)   (s.a.)
       1725 -        1727  William Thompson
       1727 -        1729  Humphry Morice                     (b. 1679 - d. 1731)
       1729 -        1731  Samuel Holden                      (b. 1675? - d. 1740)
       1731 -        1733  Sir Edward Bellamy
       1733 -        1735  Horatio Townshend
       1735 -        1737  Bryan Benson
       1737 -        1740  Thomas Cooke
       1740 -        1741  Delillers Carbonnel
       1741 -        1743  Stamp Brooksbank
       1743 -        1745  William Fawkener
       1745 -        1747  Charles Savage
       1747 -        1749  Benjamin Longuet
       1749 -        1752  William Hunt
       1752 -        1754  Alexander Sheafe
       1754 -        1756  Charles Palmer
       1756 -        1758  Matthews Beachcroft
       1758 -        1760  Merrik Burrell
       1760 -        1762  Bartholomew Burton
       1762 -        1764  Robert Marsh
       1764 -        1766  John Weyland
       1766 -        1769  Matthew Clarmont
       1769 -        1771  William Cooper
       1771 -        1773  Edward Payne
       1773 -        1775  James Sperling
       1775 -        1777  Samuel Beachcroft
       1777 -        1779  Peter Gaussen
       1779 -        1781  Daniel Booth
       1781 -        1783  William Ewer
       1783 -        1785  Richard Neave
       1785 -        1787  George Peters
       1787 -        1789  Edward Darell
       1789 -        1791  Mark Weyland
       1791 -        1793  Samuel Bosanquet
       1793 -        1795  Godfrey Thornton
       1795 -        1797  Daniel Giles
       1797 -        1799  Thomas Raikes
       1799 -        1801  Samuel Thornton                    (b. 1754 - d. 1838)
       1801 -        1802  Job Mathew
       1802 -        1804  Joseph Nutt
       1804 -        1806  Benjamin Winthrop
       1806 -        1808  Beeston Long
       1808 -        1810  John Whitmore
       1810 -        1812  John Pearse                        (b. 1759 - d. 1836)
       1812 -        1814  William Manning                    (b. 1763 - d. 1835)
       1814 -        1816  William Mellish                    (b. 1764? - d. 1838)
       1816 -        1818  Jeremiah Harman
       1818 -        1820  George Dorrien
       1820 -        1822  Charles Pole
       1822 -        1824  John Bowden
       1824 -        1826  Cornelius Buller
       1826 -        1828  John Baker Richards
       1828 -        1830  Samuel Drewe
       1830 -        1833  John Horsley Palmer
       1833 -        1834  Richard Mee Raikes
       1834 -        1837  James Pattison
       1837 -        1839  Timothy Abraham Curtis
       1839 -        1841  Sir John Rae Reid
       1841 -        1842  Sir John Henry Pelly               (b. 1777 - d. 1852)
       1842 -        1845  William Cotton                     (b. 1786 - d. 1866)
       1845 -        1847  John Benjamin Heath                (b. 1790 - d. 1879)
   Apr 1847 -    Aug 1847  William Robinson Robinson
       1847 -        1849  James Morris
       1849 -        1851  Henry James Prescott               (b. 1802 - d. 1856)
       1851 -        1853  Thomson Hankey                     (b. 1805 - d. 1893)
       1853 -        1855  John Gellibrand Hubbard            (b. 1805 - d. 1889)
       1855 -        1857  Thomas Matthias Weguelin           (b. 1809 - d. 1885)
       1857 -        1859  Sheffield Neave                    (b. 1799 - d. 1868)
       1859 -        1861  Bonamy Dobrée                      (b. 1794 - d. 1863)
       1861 -        1863  Alfred Latham
       1863 -        1865  Kirkman Daniel Hodgson             (b. 1814 - d. 1879)
       1865 -        1867  Henry Lancelot Holland             (b. 1808 - d. 1893)
       1867 -        1869  Thomas Newman Hunt                 (b. 1805? - d. 1884)
       1869 -        1871  Robert Wigram Crawford             (b. 1813 - d. 1889)
       1871 -        1873  George Lyall                       (b. 1819 - d. 1881)
       1873 -        1875  Benjamin Buck Greene               (b. 1808 - d. 1902)
       1875 -        1877  Henry Hucks Gibbs                  (b. 1819 - d. 1907)
       1877 -        1879  Edward Howley Palmer               (b. 1811 - d. 1901)
       1879 -        1881  John William Birch                 (b. 1825 - d. 1897)
       1881 -        1883  Henry Riversdale Grenfell          (b. 1824 - d. 1902)
       1883 -        1885  John Saunders Gilliat              (b. 1829 - d. 1912)
       1885 -        1887  James Pattison Currie              (b. 1824 - d. 1908)
       1887 -        1889  Mark Wilks Collet                  (b. 1816 - d. 1905)
       1889 -        1892  William Lidderdale                 (b. 1832 - d. 1902)
       1892 -        1895  David Powell                       (b. 1840 - d. 1897)
       1895 -        1897  Albert George Sandeman             (b. 1833 - d. 1923)
       1897 -        1899  Hugh Colin Smith                   (b. 1836 - d. 1910)
       1899 -        1901  Samuel Steuart Gladstone           (b. 1837 - d. 1909)
       1901 -        1903  Augustus Prevost                   (b. 1837 - d. 1913)
       1903 -        1905  Samuel Hope Morley                 (b. 1845 - d. 1929)
       1905 -        1907  Alexander Falconer Wallace         (b. 1836 - d. 1925)
       1907 -        1909  William Middleton Campbell         (b. 1849 - d. 1919)
       1909 -        1911  Reginald Eden Johnston             (b. 1847 - d. 1922)
       1911 -        1913  Alfred Clayton Cole                (b. 1854 - d. 1920)
       1913 -        1918  Walter Cunliffe, (from 1914)
                           Baron Cunliffe                     (b. 1855 - d. 1920)
       1918 -        1920  Sir Brien Ibrican Cokayne          (b. 1864 - d. 1932)
       1920 -        1944  Montagu Collet Norman              (b. 1871 - d. 1950)
       1944 -        1949  Thomas Sivewright Catto, Baron
                           Catto of Cairncatto                (b. 1879 - d. 1959)
   Mar 1949 - 30 Jun 1961  Cameron Fromanteel Cobbold, (from
                           1960) Baron Cobbold of Knebworth   (b. 1904 - d. 1987)
 1 Jul 1961 -        1966  George Rowland Stanley Baring,
                           Earl of Cromer                     (b. 1918 - d. 1991)
       1966 -        1973  Leslie O'Brien (from 1967,
                           Sir Leslie O'Brien)                (b. 1908 - d. 1995)
       1973 -        1983  Gordon Richardson                  (b. 1915 - d. 2010)
       1983 -        1993  Robin Leigh-Pemberton              (b. 1927 - d. 2013)
       1993 - 30 Jun 2003  Edward George (from 2000,
                           Sir Edward George)                 (b. 1938 - d. 2009)
 1 Jul 2003 - 30 Jun 2013  Mervyn King (from 11 Jun 2011,
                           Sir Mervyn King)                   (b. 1948)
 1 Jul 2013 -              Mark Carney                        (b. 1965)

Supreme Court

Presidents
 1 Oct 2009 - 30 Sep 2012  Nicholas Phillips, Baron Phillips
                           of Worth Matravers                 (b. 1938)
 1 Oct 2012 -              David Neuberger, Baron Neuberger
                           of Abbotsbury                      (b. 1948)

Parliament


House of Commons

Speakers
24 Aug 1698 -  6 Feb 1701  Sir Thomas Littleton               (b. 1647 - d. 1709)
 6 Feb 1701 - 14 Jun 1705  Robert Harley                      (b. 1661 - d. 1724)
14 Jun 1705 -  8 Jul 1708  John Smith                         (b. 1655 - d. 1723)
 8 Jul 1708 - 25 Nov 1710  Sir Richard Onslow                 (b. 1654 - d. 1717)
25 Nov 1710 - 12 Nov 1713  William Bromley                    (b. 1664 - d. 1732)
12 Nov 1713 - 17 Mar 1715  Sir Thomas Hanmer                  (b. 1677 - d. 1746)
17 Mar 1715 - 28 Nov 1727  Spencer Compton (from 1725,
                           Sir Spencer Compton)               (b. 1673 - d. 1743)
28 Nov 1727 - 19 May 1761  Arthur Onslow                      (b. 1691 - d. 1768)
19 May 1761 -    Jan 1770  Sir John Cust                      (b. 1718 - d. 1770)
   Jan 1770 - 31 Oct 1780  Sir Fletcher Norton                (b. 1716 - d. 1789)
31 Oct 1780 -  2 Jan 1789  Charles Wolfran Cornwall           (b. 1735 - d. 1789)
 5 Jan 1789 -    Jun 1789  William Wyndham Grenville          (b. 1759 - d. 1834)
   Jun 1789 - 11 Feb 1801  Henry Addington                    (b. 1757 - d. 1844)
11 Feb 1801 - 10 Feb 1802  Sir John Mitford                   (b. 1748 - d. 1830)
10 Feb 1802 - 30 May 1817  Charles Abbot                      (b. 1757 - d. 1829)
 2 Jun 1817 - 19 Feb 1835  Charles Manners-Sutton             (b. 1780 - d. 1845)
19 Feb 1835 - 15 May 1839  James Abercromby                   (b. 1776 - d. 1858)
27 May 1839 - 21 Mar 1857  Charles Shaw-Lefevre               (b. 1794 - d. 1888)
30 Apr 1857 -  7 Feb 1872  John Evelyn Denison                (b. 1800 - d. 1873)
 9 Feb 1872 - 25 Feb 1884  Henry Bouverie William Brand       (b. 1814 - d. 1892)
26 Feb 1884 -  9 Apr 1895  Arthur Wellesley Peel              (b. 1829 - d. 1912)
10 Apr 1895 -  7 Jun 1905  William Court Gully                (b. 1835 - d. 1909)
 8 Jun 1905 - 27 Apr 1921  James William Lowther              (b. 1855 - d. 1949)
28 Apr 1921 - 19 Jun 1928  John Henry Whitley                 (b. 1866 - d. 1935)
20 Jun 1928 -  3 Mar 1943  Edward Algernon FitzRoy            (b. 1869 - d. 1943)
 9 Mar 1943 - 31 Oct 1951  Douglas Clifton Brown              (b. 1879 - d. 1958)
31 Oct 1951 - 20 Oct 1959  William Shepherd Morrison          (b. 1893 - d. 1961)
20 Oct 1959 -  2 Sep 1965  Sir Harry Hylton-Foster            (b. 1905 - d. 1965)
26 Oct 1965 - 12 Jan 1971  Horace King                        (b. 1901 - d. 1986)
12 Jan 1971 -  3 Feb 1976  Selwyn Lloyd                       (b. 1904 - d. 1978)
 3 Feb 1976 - 15 Jun 1983  George Thomas                      (b. 1909 - d. 1997)
15 Jun 1983 - 27 Apr 1992  Bernard Weatherill                 (b. 1920 - d. 2007)
27 Apr 1992 - 23 Oct 2000  Betty Boothroyd (f)                (b. 1929)
23 Oct 2000 - 21 Jun 2009  Michael Martin                     (b. 1945)
22 Jun 2009 -              John Bercow                        (b. 1963)

House of Lords

Speakers
        ... -  4 Jul 2006  the Lord Chancellors
Lord Speakers
 4 Jul 2006 -  1 Sep 2011  Helene Hayman, Baroness Hayman (f) (b. 1949)
 1 Sep 2011 -              Frances D'Souza, Baroness D'Souza
                           (f)                                (b. 1944)

Black Rods (full title Gentleman Usher of the Black Rod)
 5 Dec 1698 -  1 Jun 1710  Sir David Mitchell                 (b. c.1650 - d. 1710)
 3 Jun 1710 -  5 Nov 1718  Sir William Oldes                  (b. 16... - d. 1718)
   Nov 1718 - 17 May 1727  Sir William Saunderson             (b. 16... - d. 1727)
       1727 - 18 Aug 1747  Sir Charles Dalton                 (b. 1660 - d. 1747)
       1747 -  7 Apr 1761  Sir Henry Bellenden                (b. ... - d. 1761)
       1761 -  6 Sep 1765  Sir Septimus Robinson              (b. 1710 - d. 1765)
       1765 -  9 Jun 1812  Sir Francis Molyneux               (b. 17... - d. 1812)
       1812 - 25 Jul 1832  Sir Thomas Tyrwhitt                (b. 1762 - d. 1833)
25 Jul 1832 -  8 Feb 1877  Sir Augustus Clifford              (b. 1788 - d. 1877)
 3 May 1877 - 23 Jun 1883  Sir William Knollys                (b. 1797 - d. 1883)
24 Jul 1883 -  7 Oct 1895  Sir James Drummond                 (b. 1812 - d. 1895)
11 Feb 1896 - 23 Jul 1904  Sir Michael Biddulph               (b. 1823 - d. 1904)
   Aug 1904 - 16 Dec 1919  Sir Henry Stephenson               (b. 1842 - d. 1919)
   Jan 1920 - 14 May 1941  Sir William Pulteney               (b. 1861 - d. 1941)
   Oct 1941 - 15 Aug 1944  Sir William Mitchell               (b. 1888 - d. 1944)
   Jan 1945 - 18 Jan 1949  Sir Geoffrey Blake                 (b. 1882 - d. 1968)
18 Jan 1949 - 18 Jun 1963  Sir Brian Horrocks                 (b. 1895 - d. 1985)
18 Jun 1963 -    Oct 1970  Sir George Mills                   (b. 1902 - d. 1971)
   Oct 1970 - 18 Jan 1978  Sir Frank Twiss                    (b. 1910 - d. 1994)
18 Jan 1978 -    Jan 1985  Sir David House                    (b. 1922 - d. 2012)
   Jan 1985 -    Jan 1992  Sir John Gingell                   (b. 1925 - d. 2009)
   Jan 1992 -  9 May 1995  Sir Richard Thomas                 (b. 1932 - d. 1998)
 9 May 1995 -  9 May 2001  Sir Edward Jones                   (b. 1936 - d. 2007)
 9 May 2001 - 29 Apr 2009  Sir Michael Willcocks              (b. 1944)
29 Apr 2009 - 28 Oct 2010  Sir Freddie Viggers                (b. 1951)
28 Oct 2010 -  1 Feb 2011  Ted Lloyd-Jukes (acting)
 1 Feb 2011 -              David Leakey                       (b. 1952)

Political parties


Conservative Party

Leaders
 4 Oct 1809 - 11 May 1812  Spencer Perceval                   (b. 1762 - d. 1812)
 8 Jun 1812 - 12 Apr 1827  Robert Banks Jenkinson, Earl of
                           Liverpool                          (b. 1770 - d. 1828)
12 Apr 1827 -  8 Aug 1827  George Canning                     (b. 1770 - d. 1827)
31 Aug 1827 - 22 Jan 1828  Frederick John Robinson, Viscount
                           Goderich                           (b. 1782 - d. 1859)
22 Jan 1828 - 10 Dec 1834  Arthur Wellesley, Duke of
                           Wellington                         (b. 1769 - d. 1852)
10 Dec 1834 - 27 Jun 1846  Sir Robert Peel                    (b. 1788 - d. 1850)
27 Jun 1846 - 27 Feb 1868  Edward Geoffrey Stanley, Earl of
                           Derby                              (b. 1799 - d. 1869)
27 Feb 1868 - 19 Apr 1881  Benjamin Disraeli, (from 12 Aug
                           1876) Earl of Beaconsfield         (b. 1804 - d. 1881)
 9 May 1881 - 12 Jul 1902  Robert Arthur Talbot
                           Gascoyne-Cecil, Marquess of
                           Salisbury                          (b. 1830 - d. 1903)
12 Jul 1902 - 13 Nov 1911  Arthur James Balfour               (b. 1848 - d. 1930)
13 Nov 1911 - 21 Mar 1921  Bonar Law (1st time)               (b. 1858 - d. 1923)
21 Mar 1921 - 23 Oct 1922  Austen Chamberlain                 (b. 1863 - d. 1937)
23 Oct 1922 - 28 May 1923  Bonar Law (2nd time)               (s.a.)
28 May 1923 - 31 May 1937  Stanley Baldwin                    (b. 1867 - d. 1947)
31 May 1937 -  9 Oct 1940  Neville Chamberlain                (b. 1869 - d. 1940)
 9 Oct 1940 - 21 Apr 1955  Winston Churchill                  (b. 1874 - d. 1965)
21 Apr 1955 - 22 Jan 1957  Sir Anthony Eden                   (b. 1897 - d. 1977)
22 Jan 1957 - 12 Nov 1963  Harold Macmillan                   (b. 1894 - d. 1986)
12 Nov 1963 -  2 Aug 1965  Sir Alec Douglas-Home              (b. 1903 - d. 1995)
 2 Aug 1965 - 11 Feb 1975  Edward Heath                       (b. 1916 - d. 2005)
11 Feb 1975 - 28 Nov 1990  Margaret Thatcher (f)              (b. 1925 - d. 2013)
28 Nov 1990 - 19 Jun 1997  John Major                         (b. 1943)
19 Jun 1997 - 13 Sep 2001  William Hague                      (b. 1961)
13 Sep 2001 -  6 Nov 2003  Iain Duncan Smith                  (b. 1954)
 6 Nov 2003 -  6 Dec 2005  Michael Howard                     (b. 1941)
 6 Dec 2005 -              David Cameron                      (b. 1966)

Labour Party

Leaders
17 Feb 1906 - 22 Jan 1908  Keir Hardie                        (b. 1856 - d. 1915)
22 Jan 1908 - 14 Feb 1910  Arthur Henderson (1st time)        (b. 1863 - d. 1935)
14 Feb 1910 -  6 Feb 1911  George Nicoll Barnes               (b. 1859 - d. 1940)
 6 Feb 1911 -  5 Aug 1914  Ramsay MacDonald (1st time)        (b. 1866 - d. 1937)
 5 Aug 1914 - 24 Oct 1917  Arthur Henderson (2nd time)        (s.a.)
24 Oct 1917 - 14 Feb 1921  William Adamson                    (b. 1863 - d. 1936)
14 Feb 1921 - 21 Nov 1922  John Robert Clynes                 (b. 1869 - d. 1949)
21 Nov 1922 -  1 Sep 1931  Ramsay MacDonald (2nd time)        (s.a.)
 1 Sep 1931 - 25 Oct 1932  Arthur Henderson (3rd time)        (s.a.)
25 Oct 1932 -  8 Oct 1935  George Lansbury                    (b. 1859 - d. 1940)
 8 Oct 1935 - 14 Dec 1955  Clement Attlee                     (b. 1883 - d. 1967)
14 Dec 1955 - 18 Jan 1963  Hugh Gaitskell                     (b. 1906 - d. 1963)
18 Jan 1963 - 14 Feb 1963  George Brown (acting)              (b. 1914 - d. 1985)
14 Feb 1963 -  5 Apr 1976  Harold Wilson                      (b. 1916 - d. 1995)
 5 Apr 1976 -  3 Nov 1980  James Callaghan                    (b. 1912 - d. 2005)
 3 Nov 1980 -  2 Oct 1983  Michael Foot                       (b. 1913 - d. 2010)
 2 Oct 1983 - 18 Jul 1992  Neil Kinnock                       (b. 1942)
18 Jul 1992 - 12 May 1994  John Smith                         (b. 1938 - d. 1994)
12 May 1994 - 21 Jul 1994  Margaret Beckett (f) (acting)      (b. 1943)
21 Jul 1994 - 24 Jun 2007  Tony Blair                         (b. 1953)
24 Jun 2007 - 11 May 2010  Gordon Brown                       (b. 1951)
11 May 2010 - 25 Sep 2010  Harriet Harman (f) (acting)        (b. 1950)
25 Sep 2010 -              Ed Miliband                        (b. 1969)

Liberal Democrats

 3 Mar 1988                Liberal Party united with Social Democratic Party as
                           Social and Liberal Democrats
   Oct 1989                renamed Liberal Democrats

Leaders (in the House of Commons¹)
10 Dec 1834 -  6 Feb 1855  Lord John Russell                  (b. 1792 - d. 1878)
 6 Feb 1855 - 18 Oct 1865  Henry John Temple, Viscount
                           Palmerston                         (b. 1784 - d. 1865)
29 Oct 1865 -  5 Feb 1875  William Ewart Gladstone (1st time) (b. 1809 - d. 1898)
 5 Feb 1875 - 23 Apr 1880  Spencer Compton Cavendish,
                           Marquess of Hartington             (b. 1833 - d. 1908)
23 Apr 1880 -  5 Mar 1894  William Ewart Gladstone (2nd time) (s.a.)
 5 Mar 1894 -  6 Feb 1899  Sir William Harcourt               (b. 1827 - d. 1904)
 6 Feb 1899 - 22 Apr 1908  Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman       (b. 1836 - d. 1908)
30 Apr 1908 - 14 Oct 1926  H.H. Asquith                       (b. 1852 - d. 1928)
   Feb 1919 -    Jan 1920    Sir Donald Maclean               (b. 1864 - d. 1932)
                             (acting for Asquith)
14 Oct 1926 -  4 Nov 1931  David Lloyd George                 (b. 1863 - d. 1945)
 4 Nov 1931 - 26 Nov 1935  Sir Herbert Louis Samuel           (b. 1870 - d. 1963)
26 Nov 1935 -  2 Aug 1945  Sir Archibald Sinclair             (b. 1890 - d. 1970)
 2 Aug 1945 -  5 Nov 1956  Edward Clement Davies              (b. 1884 - d. 1962)
 5 Nov 1956 - 18 Jan 1967  Jo Grimond (1st time)              (b. 1913 - d. 1993)
18 Jan 1967 - 12 May 1976  Jeremy Thorpe                      (b. 1929)
12 May 1976 -  7 Jul 1976  Jo Grimond (2nd time) (acting)     (s.a.)
 7 Jul 1976 -  3 Mar 1988  David Steel                        (b. 1938)
 3 Mar 1988 - 28 Jul 1988  David Steel                        (s.a.)
                           + Robert Maclennan                 (b. 1936)
                           (interim)
28 Jul 1988 -  9 Aug 1999  Paddy Ashdown                      (b. 1941)
 9 Aug 1999 -  7 Jan 2006  Charles Kennedy                    (b. 1959)
 7 Jan 2006 - 15 Oct 2007  Sir Menzies Campbell               (b. 1941)
                           (acting to 2 Mar 2006)
15 Oct 2007 - 18 Dec 2007  Vincent Cable (acting)             (b. 1943)
18 Dec 2007 -              Nick Clegg                         (b. 1967)
¹On occasion the clear leader of the Liberal Party was the leader in the House of Lords, and in the 19th century it was common for the leaders in the two houses to be regarded as joint leaders of the party and the monarch may have sent for either to form a government. The following were the leaders in the House of Lords during this period:
29 Dec 1852 - 29 Oct 1865  Granville George Leveson-Gower,
                           Earl Granville (1st time)          (b. 1815 - d. 1891)
29 Oct 1865 -  3 Dec 1868  John Russell, Earl Russell         (s.a.)
 3 Dec 1868 - 31 Mar 1891  Granville George Leveson-Gower,
                           Earl Granville (2nd time)          (s.a.)
 1 Apr 1891 -  5 Mar 1894  John Wodehouse, Earl of Kimberley
                           (1st time)                         (b. 1826 - d. 1902)
 5 Mar 1894 -  8 Oct 1896  Archibald Primrose, Earl of
                           Rosebery                           (b. 1847 - d. 1929)
18 Jan 1897 -  8 Apr 1902  John Wodehouse, Earl of Kimberley
                           (2nd time)                         (s.a.)

Social Democratic Party

 8 Mar 1988                relaunched by members opposed to merger with Liberal Party
 3 Jun 1990                disbanded

Leaders
 2 Jul 1982 - 13 Jun 1983  Roy Jenkins                        (b. 1920 - d. 2003)
13 Jun 1983 - 29 Aug 1987  David Owen (1st time)              (b. 1938)
29 Aug 1987 -  3 Mar 1988  Robert Maclennan                   (s.a.)
 8 Mar 1988 -  3 Jun 1990  David Owen (2nd time)              (s.a.)

Scottish National Party

23 Jun 1928                National Party of Scotland founded
       1932                Scottish Party founded
 7 Apr 1934                united as Scottish National Party

Leaders
 7 Apr 1934 -        1936  Sir Alexander MacEwen              (b. 1875 - d. 1941)
       1936 -        1940  Andrew Dewar Gibb                  (b. 1888 - d. 1974)
       1940 - 30 May 1942  William Power                      (b. 1873 - d. 1951)
30 May 1942 -        1945  Douglas Young                      (b. 1913 - d. 1973)
       1945 -    May 1947  Bruce Watson                       (b. 1910 - d. 1988)
   May 1947 -    May 1956  Robert McIntyre                    (b. 1913 - d. 1998)
   May 1956 -    May 1960  James Halliday                     (b. 1927 - d. 2013)
   May 1960 -        1969  Arthur Donaldson                   (b. 1901 - d. 1993)
       1969 -    Sep 1979  William Wolfe                      (b. 1924 - d. 2010)
   Sep 1979 -    Sep 1990  Gordon Wilson                      (b. 1938)
   Sep 1990 - 23 Sep 2000  Alex Salmond (1st time)            (b. 1954)
23 Sep 2000 -    Sep 2004  John Swinney                       (b. 1964)
   Sep 2004 -              Alex Salmond (2nd time)            (s.a.)

Ulster Unionist Party

Leaders
       1905 - 21 Oct 1906  Edward James Saunderson            (b. 1837 - d. 1906)
       1906 -        1910  Walter Hume Long                   (b. 1854 - d. 1924)
       1910 -        1921  Sir Edward Carson                  (b. 1854 - d. 1935)
       1921 - 24 Nov 1940  Sir James Craig (from 1927, James
                           Craig, Viscount Craigavon)         (b. 1871 - d. 1940)
       1940 -        1943  John Miller Andrews                (b. 1871 - d. 1956)
       1943 -        1963  Sir Basil Stanlake Brooke (from
                           1952, Basil Stanlake Brooke,
                           Viscount Brookeborough of
                           Colebrooke)                        (b. 1888 - d. 1973)
       1963 -  1 May 1969  Terence O'Neill                    (b. 1914 - d. 1990)
 1 May 1969 - 23 Mar 1971  James Chichester-Clark             (b. 1923 - d. 2002)
23 Mar 1971 - 22 Jan 1974  Brian Faulkner                     (b. 1921 - d. 1977)
22 Jan 1974 -  7 Sep 1979  Harry West                         (b. 1917 - d. 2004)
 7 Sep 1979 -  8 Sep 1995  James Molyneaux                    (b. 1920)
 8 Sep 1995 - 24 Jun 2005  David Trimble                      (b. 1944)
24 Jun 2005 - 22 Sep 2010  Sir Reg Empey                      (b. 1947)
22 Sep 2010 - 31 Mar 2012  Tom Elliott                        (b. 1963)
31 Mar 2012 -              Mike Nesbitt                       (b. 1957)

Social Democratic and Labour Party

Leaders
21 Aug 1970 - 28 Nov 1979  Gerry Fitt                         (b. 1926 - d. 2005)
28 Nov 1979 - 11 Nov 2001  John Hume                          (b. 1937)
11 Nov 2001 -  7 Feb 2010  Mark Durkan                        (b. 1960)
 7 Feb 2010 -  5 Nov 2011  Margaret Ritchie (f)               (b. 1958)
 5 Nov 2011 -              Alasdair McDonnell                 (b. 1949)

Democratic Unionist Party

Leaders
29 Sep 1971 - 31 May 2008  Ian Paisley                        (b. 1926 - d. 2014)
31 May 2008 -              Peter Robinson                     (b. 1948)

Labour unions


Trades Union Congress

Secretaries of the Parliamentary Committee
       1868 -        1869  William Henry Wood
       1869 -        1872  George Potter                      (b. 1832 - d. 1893)
       1872 -        1873  George Odger                       (b. 1820 - d. 1877)
       1873 -        1876  George Howell                      (b. 1833 - d. 1910)
       1876 -        1885  Henry Broadhurst (1st time)        (b. 1840 - d. 1911)
       1885 -        1886  George Shipton                     (b. 1839 - d. 1911)
       1886 -        1890  Henry Broadhurst (2nd time)        (s.a.)
       1890 -        1894  Charles Fenwick                    (b. 1850 - d. 1918)
       1894 -        1905  Sam Woods                          (b. 1846 - d. 1915)
       1905 - 21 Jul 1911  William Charles Steadman           (b. 1851 - d. 1911)
   Sep 1911 -        1921  Charles William Bowerman           (b. 1851 - d. 1947)
General secretaries
       1921 -        1923  Charles William Bowerman           (s.a.)
       1923 - 10 Oct 1925  Fred Bramley                       (b. 1874 - d. 1925)
   Oct 1925 - 22 Oct 1946  Walter Citrine (from 1935,
                           Sir Walter Citrine)                (b. 1887 - d. 1983)
                           (acting to 11 Sep 1926)
22 Oct 1946 -  9 Sep 1960  Vincent Tewson (from 1950,
                           Sir Vincent Tewson)                (b. 1898 - d. 1981)
 9 Sep 1960 -  1 Mar 1969  George Woodcock                    (b. 1904 - d. 1979)
 1 Mar 1969 -  7 Sep 1973  Victor Feather                     (b. 1908 - d. 1976)
                           (acting to 2 Sep 1969)
 7 Sep 1973 -  7 Sep 1984  Len Murray                         (b. 1922 - d. 2004)
 7 Sep 1984 - 10 Sep 1993  Norman Willis                      (b. 1933)
10 Sep 1993 -    May 2003  John Monks                         (b. 1945)
   May 2003 -    Jan 2013  Brendan Barber                     (b. 1951)
   Jan 2013 -              Frances O'Grady (f)                (b. 1959)

Unite

       1922                Transport and General Workers' Union
 1 May 2007                merged with Amicus to form Unite

General secretaries
       1922 -    Mar 1946  Ernest Bevin                       (b. 1881 - d. 1951)
   Mar 1946 -  1 May 1955  Arthur Deakin                      (b. 1890 - d. 1955)
15 Jun 1955 - 27 Dec 1955  Jock Tiffin                        (b. 1896 - d. 1955)
 2 Jan 1956 -    Sep 1969  Frank Cousins                      (b. 1904 - d. 1986)
                           (acting to 11 May 1956)
   Sep 1969 -    Feb 1978  Jack Jones                         (b. 1913 - d. 2009)
   Feb 1978 -    Jul 1985  Moss Evans                         (b. 1925 - d. 2002)
   Jul 1985 -    Mar 1992  Ron Todd                           (b. 1927 - d. 2005)
   Mar 1992 -    Oct 2003  Bill Morris                        (b. 1938)
   Oct 2003 -  1 May 2007  Tony Woodley                       (b. 1948)
 1 May 2007 - 31 Jan 2011  Tony Woodley                       (s.a.)
                           + Derek Simpson                    (b. 1944)
31 Jan 2011 -              Len McCluskey                      (b. 1950)