Rulers: Federal Republic of Germany

Ministries, political parties, etc.


Party abbreviations: CDU=Christian Democratic Union, CSU=Christian Social Union, DP=German Party, DSU=German Social Union, FDP[/DVP]=Free Democratic Party[/Democratic People's Party], FVP=Free People's Party, GB/BHE=All-German Bloc/Federation of the Displaced and Dispossessed, Grn=Alliance 90/The Greens, n/p=no party, SPD=Social Democratic Party of Germany
Vice chancellors
20 Sep 1949 - 29 Oct 1957  Franz Blücher                 FDP  (b. 1896 - d. 1959)
29 Oct 1957 - 16 Oct 1963  Ludwig Erhard                 CDU  (b. 1897 - d. 1977)
17 Oct 1963 - 28 Oct 1966  Erich Mende                   FDP  (b. 1916 - d. 1998)
28 Oct 1966 -  1 Dec 1966  Hans-Christoph Seebohm        CDU  (b. 1903 - d. 1967)
 1 Dec 1966 - 21 Oct 1969  Willy Brandt                  SPD  (b. 1913 - d. 1992)
21 Oct 1969 - 16 May 1974  Walter Scheel                 FDP  (b. 1919)
16 May 1974 - 17 Sep 1982  Hans-Dietrich Genscher
                           (1st time)                    FDP  (b. 1927)
17 Sep 1982 -  1 Oct 1982  Egon Franke                   SPD  (b. 1913 - d. 1995)
 4 Oct 1982 - 18 May 1992  Hans-Dietrich Genscher
                           (2nd time)                    FDP  (s.a.)
18 May 1992 - 21 Jan 1993  Jürgen W. Möllemann           FDP  (b. 1945 - d. 2003)
21 Jan 1993 - 27 Oct 1998  Klaus Kinkel                  FDP  (b. 1936)
27 Oct 1998 - 22 Nov 2005  Joschka Fischer               Grn  (b. 1948)
22 Nov 2005 - 21 Nov 2007  Franz Müntefering             SPD  (b. 1940)
21 Nov 2007 - 28 Oct 2009  Frank-Walter Steinmeier       SPD  (b. 1956)
28 Oct 2009 - 18 May 2011  Guido Westerwelle             FDP  (b. 1961)
18 May 2011 - 17 Dec 2013  Philipp Rösler                FDP  (b. 1973)
17 Dec 2013 -              Sigmar Gabriel                SPD  (b. 1959)

Foreign Affairs

Ministers
15 Mar 1951 -  6 Jun 1955  Konrad Adenauer               CDU  (b. 1876 - d. 1967)
 8 Jun 1955 - 14 Nov 1961  Heinrich von Brentano         CDU  (b. 1904 - d. 1964)
14 Nov 1961 -  1 Dec 1966  Gerhard Schröder              CDU  (b. 1910 - d. 1989)
 1 Dec 1966 - 21 Oct 1969  Willy Brandt                  SPD  (b. 1913 - d. 1992)
21 Oct 1969 - 16 May 1974  Walter Scheel                 FDP  (b. 1919)
16 May 1974 - 17 Sep 1982  Hans-Dietrich Genscher
                           (1st time)                    FDP  (b. 1927)
17 Sep 1982 -  1 Oct 1982  Helmut Schmidt                SPD  (b. 1918)
 4 Oct 1982 - 18 May 1992  Hans-Dietrich Genscher
                           (2nd time)                    FDP  (s.a.)
18 May 1992 - 27 Oct 1998  Klaus Kinkel                  FDP  (b. 1936)
27 Oct 1998 - 22 Nov 2005  Joschka Fischer               Grn  (b. 1948)
22 Nov 2005 - 28 Oct 2009  Frank-Walter Steinmeier
                           (1st time)                    SPD  (b. 1956)
28 Oct 2009 - 17 Dec 2013  Guido Westerwelle             FDP  (b. 1961)
17 Dec 2013 -              Frank-Walter Steinmeier
                           (2nd time)                    SPD  (s.a.)

Defense

Ministers
 7 Jun 1955 - 16 Oct 1956  Theodor Blank                 CDU  (b. 1905 - d. 1972)
16 Oct 1956 -  9 Jan 1963  Franz Josef Strauss           CSU  (b. 1915 - d. 1988)
 9 Jan 1963 -  1 Dec 1966  Kai-Uwe von Hassel            CDU  (b. 1913 - d. 1997)
 1 Dec 1966 - 21 Oct 1969  Gerhard Schröder              CDU  (b. 1910 - d. 1989)
21 Oct 1969 -  7 Jul 1972  Helmut Schmidt                SPD  (b. 1918)
 7 Jul 1972 - 16 Feb 1978  Georg Leber                   SPD  (b. 1920 - d. 2012)
16 Feb 1978 -  1 Oct 1982  Hans Apel                     SPD  (b. 1932 - d. 2011)
 4 Oct 1982 - 18 May 1988  Manfred Wörner                CDU  (b. 1934 - d. 1994)
18 May 1988 - 21 Apr 1989  Rupert Scholz                 CDU  (b. 1937)
21 Apr 1989 -  1 Apr 1992  Gerhard Stoltenberg           CDU  (b. 1928 - d. 2001)
 1 Apr 1992 - 27 Oct 1998  Volker Rühe                   CDU  (b. 1942)
27 Oct 1998 - 19 Jul 2002  Rudolf Scharping              SPD  (b. 1947)
19 Jul 2002 - 22 Nov 2005  Peter Struck                  SPD  (b. 1943 - d. 2012)
22 Nov 2005 - 28 Oct 2009  Franz Josef Jung              CDU  (b. 1949)
28 Oct 2009 -  3 Mar 2011  Karl-Theodor zu Guttenberg    CSU  (b. 1971)
 3 Mar 2011 - 17 Dec 2013  Thomas de Maizière            CDU  (b. 1954)
17 Dec 2013 -              Ursula von der Leyen (f)      CDU  (b. 1958)

Bundeswehr

Inspectors-general (chiefs of staff)
 1 Jun 1957 -  1 Apr 1961  Adolf Heusinger                    (b. 1897 - d. 1982)
 1 Apr 1961 -  1 Jan 1964  Friedrich Foertsch                 (b. 1900 - d. 1976)
 1 Jan 1964 - 25 Aug 1966  Heinz Trettner                     (b. 1907 - d. 2006)
25 Aug 1966 -  1 Apr 1972  Ulrich de Maizière                 (b. 1912 - d. 2006)
 1 Apr 1972 - 30 Nov 1976  Armin Zimmermann                   (b. 1917 - d. 1976)
21 Dec 1976 - 12 Dec 1978  Harald Wust                        (b. 1921 - d. 2010)
12 Dec 1978 -  1 Apr 1983  Jürgen Brandt                      (b. 1922 - d. 2003)
 1 Apr 1983 -  1 Oct 1986  Wolfgang Altenburg                 (b. 1928)
 1 Oct 1986 -  1 Oct 1991  Dieter Wellershoff                 (b. 1933 - d. 2005)
 1 Oct 1991 -  8 Feb 1996  Klaus Naumann                      (b. 1939)
 8 Feb 1996 - 31 Mar 1999  Hartmut Bagger                     (b. 1938)
31 Mar 1999 - 29 Jun 2000  Hans-Peter von Kirchbach           (b. 1941)
29 Jun 2000 - 27 Jun 2002  Harald Kujat                       (b. 1942)
27 Jun 2002 - 26 Nov 2009  Wolfgang Schneiderhan              (b. 1946)
21 Jan 2010 -              Volker Wieker                      (b. 1954)

Interior

Ministers
20 Sep 1949 - 13 Oct 1950  Gustav Heinemann              CDU  (b. 1899 - d. 1976)
13 Oct 1950 - 20 Oct 1953  Robert Lehr                   CDU  (b. 1883 - d. 1956)
20 Oct 1953 - 14 Nov 1961  Gerhard Schröder              CDU  (b. 1910 - d. 1989)
14 Nov 1961 - 26 Oct 1965  Hermann Höcherl               CSU  (b. 1912 - d. 1989)
26 Oct 1965 -  2 Apr 1968  Paul Lücke                    CDU  (b. 1914 - d. 1976)
 2 Apr 1968 - 21 Oct 1969  Ernst Benda                   CDU  (b. 1925 - d. 2009)
21 Oct 1969 - 16 May 1974  Hans-Dietrich Genscher        FDP  (b. 1927)
16 May 1974 -  8 Jun 1978  Werner Maihofer               FDP  (b. 1918 - d. 2009)
 8 Jun 1978 - 17 Sep 1982  Gerhart Baum                  FDP  (b. 1932)
17 Sep 1982 -  1 Oct 1982  Jürgen Schmude                SPD  (b. 1936)
 4 Oct 1982 - 21 Apr 1989  Friedrich Zimmermann          CSU  (b. 1925 - d. 2012)
21 Apr 1989 - 26 Nov 1991  Wolfgang Schäuble (1st time)  CDU  (b. 1942)
26 Nov 1991 -  7 Jul 1993  Rudolf Seiters                CDU  (b. 1937)
 7 Jul 1993 - 27 Oct 1998  Manfred Kanther               CDU  (b. 1939)
27 Oct 1998 - 22 Nov 2005  Otto Schily                   SPD  (b. 1932)
22 Nov 2005 - 28 Oct 2009  Wolfgang Schäuble (2nd time)  CDU  (s.a.)
28 Oct 2009 -  3 Mar 2011  Thomas de Maizière (1st time) CDU  (b. 1954)
 3 Mar 2011 - 17 Dec 2013  Hans-Peter Friedrich          CSU  (b. 1957)
17 Dec 2013 -              Thomas de Maizière (2nd time) CDU  (s.a.)

Bundeskriminalamt

Presidents
       1951 -        1952  Max Hagemann                       (b. 1883 - d. 1968)
       1952 -        1955  Hanns Jess                         (b. 1887 - d. 1975)
       1955 -        1964  Reinhard Dullien                   (b. 1902 - d. 1982)
       1965 -        1971  Paul Dickopf                       (b. 1910 - d. 1973)
 1 Sep 1971 -        1981  Horst Herold                       (b. 1923)
       1981 - 27 Mar 1990  Heinrich Boge                      (b. 1929)
27 Mar 1990 - 28 Mar 1996  Hans-Ludwig Zachert                (b. 1937)
28 Mar 1996 -  5 Feb 2004  Klaus Ulrich Kersten               (b. 1941)
 5 Feb 2004 -              Jörg Ziercke                       (b. 1947)

Bundesamt für Verfassungsschutz

Presidents
   Dec 1950 -    Jul 1954  Otto John                          (b. 1909 - d. 1997)
   Jul 1954 -        1955  Hanns Jess (acting)                (b. 1887 - d. 1975)
       1955 -        1972  Hubert Schrübbers                  (b. 1907 - d. 1979)
       1972 -        1975  Günther Nollau                     (b. 1911 - d. 1991)
   Sep 1975 -        1983  Richard Meier                      (b. 1928)
       1983 -        1985  Heribert Hellenbroich              (b. 1937)
       1985 -        1987  Holger Pfahls                      (b. 1942)
       1987 - 28 Feb 1991  Gerhard Boeden                     (b. 1925 - d. 2010)
 1 Mar 1991 -  1 Aug 1995  Eckart Werthebach                  (b. 1940)
 1 Aug 1995 - 15 May 1996  Hansjörg Geiger                    (b. 1942)
15 May 1996 - 30 Apr 2000  Peter Frisch                       (b. 1935)
 2 Jun 2000 - 31 Jul 2012  Heinz Fromm                        (b. 1948)
 1 Aug 2012 -              Hans-Georg Maassen                 (b. 1962)

Finance

Ministers
20 Sep 1949 - 29 Oct 1957  Fritz Schäffer                CSU  (b. 1888 - d. 1967)
29 Oct 1957 - 14 Nov 1961  Franz Etzel                   CDU  (b. 1902 - d. 1970)
14 Nov 1961 - 19 Nov 1962  Heinz Starke                  FDP  (b. 1911 - d. 2001)
14 Dec 1962 - 28 Oct 1966  Rolf Dahlgrün                 FDP  (b. 1908 - d. 1969)
 8 Nov 1966 -  1 Dec 1966  Kurt Schmücker                CDU  (b. 1919 - d. 1996)
 1 Dec 1966 - 21 Oct 1969  Franz Josef Strauss           CSU  (b. 1915 - d. 1988)
21 Oct 1969 - 13 May 1971  Alex Möller                   SPD  (b. 1903 - d. 1985)
13 May 1971 -  7 Jul 1972  Karl Schiller                 SPD  (b. 1911 - d. 1994)
 7 Jul 1972 - 16 May 1974  Helmut Schmidt                SPD  (b. 1918)
16 May 1974 - 16 Feb 1978  Hans Apel                     SPD  (b. 1932 - d. 2011)
16 Feb 1978 - 28 Apr 1982  Hans Matthöfer                SPD  (b. 1925 - d. 2009)
28 Apr 1982 -  1 Oct 1982  Manfred Lahnstein             SPD  (b. 1937)
 4 Oct 1982 - 21 Apr 1989  Gerhard Stoltenberg           CDU  (b. 1928 - d. 2001)
21 Apr 1989 - 27 Oct 1998  Theo Waigel                   CSU  (b. 1939)
27 Oct 1998 - 18 Mar 1999  Oskar Lafontaine              SPD  (b. 1943)
18 Mar 1999 - 12 Apr 1999  Werner Müller (acting)        n/p  (b. 1946)
12 Apr 1999 - 22 Nov 2005  Hans Eichel                   SPD  (b. 1941)
22 Nov 2005 - 28 Oct 2009  Peer Steinbrück               SPD  (b. 1947)
28 Oct 2009 -              Wolfgang Schäuble             CDU  (b. 1942)

Justice and Consumer Protection

20 Sep 1949                Ministry of Justice
17 Dec 2013                Ministry of Justice and Consumer Protection

Ministers
20 Sep 1949 - 20 Oct 1953  Thomas Dehler                 FDP  (b. 1897 - d. 1967)
20 Oct 1953 - 16 Oct 1956  Fritz Neumayer     FDP; 1956: FVP  (b. 1884 - d. 1973)
16 Oct 1956 - 29 Oct 1957  Hans-Joachim von Merkatz      DP   (b. 1905 - d. 1982)
29 Oct 1957 - 14 Nov 1961  Fritz Schäffer                CSU  (b. 1888 - d. 1967)
14 Nov 1961 - 19 Nov 1962  Wolfgang Stammberger          FDP  (b. 1920 - d. 1982)
14 Dec 1962 - 27 Mar 1965  Ewald Bucher                  FDP  (b. 1914 - d. 1991)
 1 Apr 1965 - 26 Oct 1965  Karl Weber                    CDU  (b. 1898 - d. 1985)
26 Oct 1965 -  1 Dec 1966  Richard Jaeger                CSU  (b. 1913 - d. 1998)
 1 Dec 1966 - 26 Mar 1969  Gustav Heinemann              SPD  (b. 1899 - d. 1976)
26 Mar 1969 - 21 Oct 1969  Horst Ehmke                   SPD  (b. 1927)
21 Oct 1969 - 16 May 1974  Gerhard Jahn                  SPD  (b. 1927 - d. 1998)
16 May 1974 - 21 Jan 1981  Hans-Jochen Vogel             SPD  (b. 1926)
28 Jan 1981 -  1 Oct 1982  Jürgen Schmude                SPD  (b. 1936)
 4 Oct 1982 - 18 Jan 1991  Hans A. Engelhard             FDP  (b. 1934 - d. 2008)
18 Jan 1991 - 18 May 1992  Klaus Kinkel        Feb 1991: FDP  (b. 1936)
18 May 1992 - 17 Jan 1996  Sabine Leutheusser-
                           Schnarrenberger (f)
                           (1st time)                    FDP  (b. 1951)
17 Jan 1996 - 27 Oct 1998  Edzard Schmidt-Jortzig        FDP  (b. 1941)
27 Oct 1998 - 22 Oct 2002  Herta Däubler-Gmelin (f)      SPD  (b. 1943)
22 Oct 2002 - 28 Oct 2009  Brigitte Zypries (f)          SPD  (b. 1953)
28 Oct 2009 - 17 Dec 2013  Sabine Leutheusser-
                           Schnarrenberger (f)
                           (2nd time)                    FDP  (s.a.)
17 Dec 2013 -              Heiko Maas                    SPD  (b. 1966)

Attorneys General
 7 Oct 1950 - 31 Mar 1956  Carlo Wiechmann                    (b. 1886 - d. 1959)
 1 Apr 1956 - 26 Oct 1961  Max Güde                           (b. 1902 - d. 1984)
23 Mar 1962 - 24 Jul 1962  Wolfgang Fränkel                   (b. 1905 - d. 2010)
 7 Apr 1963 - 30 Apr 1974  Ludwig Martin                      (b. 1909 - d. 2010)
31 May 1974 -  7 Apr 1977  Siegfried Buback                   (b. 1920 - d. 1977)
 1 Jul 1977 - 31 May 1990  Kurt Rebmann                       (b. 1924 - d. 2005)
 1 Jun 1990 -  6 Jul 1993  Alexander von Stahl                (b. 1938)
 7 Feb 1994 - 31 May 2006  Kay Nehm                           (b. 1941)
 1 Jun 2006 - 30 Sep 2011  Monika Harms (f)                   (b. 1946)
 1 Oct 2011 - 17 Nov 2011  Rainer Griesbaum (acting)          (b. 1948)
17 Nov 2011 -              Harald Range                       (b. 1948)

Economy and Energy

20 Sep 1949                Ministry of Economy
27 Oct 1998                Ministry of Economy and Technology
22 Oct 2002                Ministry of Economy and Labour
22 Nov 2005                Ministry of Economy and Technology
17 Dec 2013                Ministry of Economy and Energy

Ministers
20 Sep 1949 - 16 Oct 1963  Ludwig Erhard                 CDU  (b. 1897 - d. 1977)
17 Oct 1963 -  1 Dec 1966  Kurt Schmücker                CDU  (b. 1919 - d. 1996)
 1 Dec 1966 -  7 Jul 1972  Karl Schiller                 SPD  (b. 1911 - d. 1994)
 7 Jul 1972 - 14 Dec 1972  Helmut Schmidt                SPD  (b. 1918)
15 Dec 1972 -  7 Oct 1977  Hans Friderichs               FDP  (b. 1931)
 7 Oct 1977 - 17 Sep 1982  Otto Graf Lambsdorff
                           (1st time)                    FDP  (b. 1926 - d. 2009)
17 Sep 1982 -  1 Oct 1982  Manfred Lahnstein             SPD  (b. 1937)
 4 Oct 1982 - 27 Jun 1984  Otto Graf Lambsdorff
                           (2nd time)                    FDP  (s.a.)
27 Jun 1984 -  9 Dec 1988  Martin Bangemann              FDP  (b. 1934)
 9 Dec 1988 - 18 Jan 1991  Helmut Haussmann              FDP  (b. 1943)
18 Jan 1991 - 21 Jan 1993  Jürgen W. Möllemann           FDP  (b. 1945 - d. 2003)
21 Jan 1993 - 27 Oct 1998  Günter Rexrodt                FDP  (b. 1941 - d. 2004)
27 Oct 1998 - 22 Oct 2002  Werner Müller                 n/p  (b. 1946)
22 Oct 2002 - 22 Nov 2005  Wolfgang Clement              SPD  (b. 1940)
22 Nov 2005 - 10 Feb 2009  Michael Glos                  CSU  (b. 1944)
10 Feb 2009 - 28 Oct 2009  Karl-Theodor zu Guttenberg    CSU  (b. 1971)
28 Oct 2009 - 12 May 2011  Rainer Brüderle               FDP  (b. 1945)
12 May 2011 - 17 Dec 2013  Philipp Rösler                FDP  (b. 1973)
17 Dec 2013 -              Sigmar Gabriel                SPD  (b. 1959)

Labour and Social Affairs

22 Oct 2002                divided between ministries of economy and health
22 Nov 2005                restored

Ministers
20 Sep 1949 - 29 Oct 1957  Anton Storch                  CDU  (b. 1892 - d. 1975)
29 Oct 1957 - 26 Oct 1965  Theodor Blank                 CDU  (b. 1905 - d. 1972)
26 Oct 1965 - 21 Oct 1969  Hans Katzer                   CDU  (b. 1919 - d. 1996)
21 Oct 1969 - 15 Dec 1976  Walter Arendt                 SPD  (b. 1925 - d. 2005)
15 Dec 1976 - 28 Apr 1982  Herbert Ehrenberg             SPD  (b. 1926)
28 Apr 1982 -  1 Oct 1982  Heinz Westphal                SPD  (b. 1924 - d. 1998)
 4 Oct 1982 - 27 Oct 1998  Norbert Blüm                  CDU  (b. 1935)
27 Oct 1998 - 22 Oct 2002  Walter Riester                SPD  (b. 1943)
22 Nov 2005 - 21 Nov 2007  Franz Müntefering             SPD  (b. 1940)
21 Nov 2007 - 28 Oct 2009  Olaf Scholz                   SPD  (b. 1958)
28 Oct 2009 - 30 Nov 2009  Franz Josef Jung              CDU  (b. 1949)
30 Nov 2009 - 17 Dec 2013  Ursula von der Leyen (f)      CDU  (b. 1958)
17 Dec 2013 -              Andrea Nahles (f)             SPD  (b. 1970)

Food and Agriculture

20 Sep 1949                Ministry of Food, Agriculture, and Forestry
18 Jan 2001                Ministry of Consumer Protection, Food, and Agriculture
17 Dec 2013                Ministry of Food and Agriculture

Ministers
20 Sep 1949 - 20 Oct 1953  Wilhelm Niklas                CSU  (b. 1887 - d. 1957)
20 Oct 1953 - 13 Sep 1959  Heinrich Lübke                CDU  (b. 1894 - d. 1972)
14 Oct 1959 - 26 Oct 1965  Werner Schwarz                CDU  (b. 1900 - d. 1982)
26 Oct 1965 - 21 Oct 1969  Hermann Höcherl               CSU  (b. 1912 - d. 1989)
21 Oct 1969 - 17 Sep 1982  Josef Ertl (1st time)         FDP  (b. 1925 - d. 2000)
17 Sep 1982 -  1 Oct 1982  Björn Engholm                 SPD  (b. 1939)
 4 Oct 1982 - 30 Mar 1983  Josef Ertl (2nd time)         FDP  (s.a.)
30 Mar 1983 - 21 Jan 1993  Ignaz Kiechle                 CSU  (b. 1930 - d. 2003)
21 Jan 1993 - 27 Oct 1998  Jochen Borchert               CDU  (b. 1940)
27 Oct 1998 - 18 Jan 2001  Karl-Heinz Funke              SPD  (b. 1946)
18 Jan 2001 -  4 Oct 2005  Renate Künast (f)             Grn  (b. 1955)
 4 Oct 2005 - 22 Nov 2005  Jürgen Trittin (acting)       Grn  (b. 1954)
22 Nov 2005 - 27 Oct 2008  Horst Seehofer                CSU  (b. 1949)
31 Oct 2008 - 30 Sep 2013  Ilse Aigner (f)               CSU  (b. 1964)
30 Sep 2013 - 17 Feb 2014  Hans-Peter Friedrich          CSU  (b. 1957)
                           (acting to 17 Dec 2013)
17 Feb 2014 -              Christian Schmidt             CSU  (b. 1957)

Transportation and Digital Infrastructure

20 Sep 1949                Ministry of Transportation
27 Oct 1998                Ministry of Transportation and Construction
22 Nov 2005                Ministry of Transportation, Construction, and Urban
                           Development
17 Dec 2013                Ministry of Transportation and Digital Infrastructure

Ministers
20 Sep 1949 -  1 Dec 1966  Hans-Christoph Seebohm        DP;
                                             1 Jul 1960: CDU  (b. 1903 - d. 1967)
 1 Dec 1966 -  7 Jul 1972  Georg Leber                   SPD  (b. 1920 - d. 2012)
 7 Jul 1972 - 16 May 1974  Lauritz Lauritzen             SPD  (b. 1910 - d. 1980)
16 May 1974 -  5 Nov 1980  Kurt Gscheidle                SPD  (b. 1924 - d. 2003)
 5 Nov 1980 -  1 Oct 1982  Volker Hauff                  SPD  (b. 1940)
 4 Oct 1982 - 12 Mar 1987  Werner Dollinger              CSU  (b. 1918 - d. 2008)
12 Mar 1987 - 21 Apr 1989  Jürgen Warnke                 CSU  (b. 1932 - d. 2013)
21 Apr 1989 - 18 Jan 1991  Friedrich Zimmermann          CSU  (b. 1925 - d. 2012)
18 Jan 1991 - 13 May 1993  Günther Krause                CDU  (b. 1953)
13 May 1993 - 27 Oct 1998  Matthias Wissmann             CDU  (b. 1949)
27 Oct 1998 - 17 Sep 1999  Franz Müntefering             SPD  (b. 1940)
17 Sep 1999 -  7 Oct 1999  Jürgen Trittin (acting)       Grn  (b. 1954)
 7 Oct 1999 - 20 Nov 2000  Reinhard Klimmt               SPD  (b. 1942)
20 Nov 2000 - 22 Oct 2002  Kurt Bodewig                  SPD  (b. 1955)
22 Oct 2002 - 22 Nov 2005  Manfred Stolpe                SPD  (b. 1936)
22 Nov 2005 - 28 Oct 2009  Wolfgang Tiefensee            SPD  (b. 1955)
28 Oct 2009 - 17 Dec 2013  Peter Ramsauer                CSU  (b. 1954)
17 Dec 2013 -              Alexander Dobrindt            CSU  (b. 1970)

Construction

20 Sep 1949                Ministry of Construction
27 Oct 1998                united with Ministry of Transportation

Ministers
20 Sep 1949 -  9 Mar 1952  Eberhard Wildermuth           FDP  (b. 1890 - d. 1952)
19 Jul 1952 - 20 Oct 1953  Fritz Neumayer                FDP  (b. 1884 - d. 1973)
20 Oct 1953 - 29 Oct 1957  Viktor-Emanuel Preusker       FDP;
                                                   1956: FVP  (b. 1913 - d. 1991)
29 Oct 1957 - 26 Oct 1965  Paul Lücke                    CDU  (b. 1914 - d. 1976)
26 Oct 1965 - 28 Oct 1966  Ewald Bucher                  FDP  (b. 1914 - d. 1991)
 8 Nov 1966 -  1 Dec 1966  Bruno Heck                    CDU  (b. 1917 - d. 1989)
 1 Dec 1966 - 14 Dec 1972  Lauritz Lauritzen             SPD  (b. 1910 - d. 1980)
15 Dec 1972 - 16 May 1974  Hans-Jochen Vogel             SPD  (b. 1926)
16 May 1974 - 16 Feb 1978  Karl Ravens                   SPD  (b. 1927)
16 Feb 1978 -  1 Oct 1982  Dieter Haack                  SPD  (b. 1934)
 4 Oct 1982 - 21 Apr 1989  Oscar Schneider               CSU  (b. 1927)
21 Apr 1989 - 18 Jan 1991  Gerda Hasselfeldt (f)         CSU  (b. 1950)
18 Jan 1991 - 17 Nov 1994  Irmgard Adam-Schwaetzer
                           (from 27 Nov 1991, Irmgard
                           Schwaetzer) (f)               FDP  (b. 1942)
17 Nov 1994 - 14 Jan 1998  Klaus Töpfer                  CDU  (b. 1938)
15 Jan 1998 - 27 Oct 1998  Eduard Oswald                 CSU  (b. 1947)

Family, Senior Citizens, Women, and Youth

20 Oct 1953                Ministry of Family Affairs
29 Oct 1957                Ministry of Family and Youth Affairs
       1963                Ministry of Family and Youth
21 Oct 1969                united with Ministry of Health
18 Jan 1991                Ministry of Family and Senior Citizens
17 Nov 1994                Ministry of Family, Senior Citizens, Women, and Youth

Ministers
20 Oct 1953 - 14 Dec 1962  Franz-Josef Wuermeling        CDU  (b. 1900 - d. 1986)
14 Dec 1962 -  2 Oct 1968  Bruno Heck                    CDU  (b. 1917 - d. 1989)
16 Oct 1968 - 21 Oct 1969  Aenne Brauksiepe (f)          CDU  (b. 1912 - d. 1997)
18 Jan 1991 - 17 Nov 1994  Hannelore Rönsch (f)          CDU  (b. 1942)
17 Nov 1994 - 27 Oct 1998  Claudia Nolte (f)             CDU  (b. 1966)
27 Oct 1998 - 22 Oct 2002  Christine Bergmann (f)        SPD  (b. 1939)
22 Oct 2002 - 22 Nov 2005  Renate Schmidt (f)            SPD  (b. 1943)
22 Nov 2005 - 30 Nov 2009  Ursula von der Leyen (f)      CDU  (b. 1958)
30 Nov 2009 - 17 Dec 2013  Kristina Köhler (from 12 Feb
                           2010, Kristina Schröder) (f)  CDU  (b. 1977)
17 Dec 2013 -              Manuela Schwesig (f)          SPD  (b. 1974)

Women and Youth

18 Jan 1991                Ministry of Women and Youth
17 Nov 1994                united with Ministry of Family and Senior Citizens

Minister
18 Jan 1991 - 17 Nov 1994  Angela Merkel (f)             CDU  (b. 1954)

Health

14 Nov 1961                Ministry of Health
21 Oct 1969                Ministry of Youth, Family, and Health
 6 Jun 1986                Ministry of Youth, Family, Women, and Health
18 Jan 1991                Ministry of Health
22 Oct 2002                Ministry of Health and Social Affairs
22 Nov 2005                Ministry of Health

Ministers
14 Nov 1961 -  1 Dec 1966  Elisabeth Schwarzhaupt (f)    CDU  (b. 1901 - d. 1986)
 1 Dec 1966 - 14 Dec 1972  Käte Strobel (f)              SPD  (b. 1907 - d. 1996)
15 Dec 1972 - 15 Dec 1976  Katharina Focke (f)           SPD  (b. 1922)
15 Dec 1976 - 28 Apr 1982  Antje Huber (f)               SPD  (b. 1924)
28 Apr 1982 -  1 Oct 1982  Anke Fuchs (f)                SPD  (b. 1937)
 4 Oct 1982 - 26 Sep 1985  Heiner Geissler               CDU  (b. 1930)
26 Sep 1985 - 25 Nov 1988  Rita Süssmuth (f)             CDU  (b. 1937)
 9 Dec 1988 - 18 Jan 1991  Ursula Lehr (f)               CDU  (b. 1930)
18 Jan 1991 -  6 May 1992  Gerda Hasselfeldt (f)         CSU  (b. 1950)
 6 May 1992 - 27 Oct 1998  Horst Seehofer                CSU  (b. 1949)
27 Oct 1998 - 18 Jan 2001  Andrea Fischer (f)            Grn  (b. 1960)
18 Jan 2001 - 28 Oct 2009  Ulla Schmidt (f)              SPD  (b. 1949)
28 Oct 2009 - 12 May 2011  Philipp Rösler                FDP  (b. 1973)
12 May 2011 - 17 Dec 2013  Daniel Bahr                   FDP  (b. 1976)
17 Dec 2013 -              Hermann Gröhe                 CDU  (b. 1961)

Education and Research

14 Dec 1962                Ministry of Scientific Research
21 Oct 1969                ministry abolished
15 Dec 1972                Ministry of Research and Technology
17 Nov 1994                Ministry of Education, Science, Research, and Technology
27 Oct 1998                Ministry of Education and Research

Ministers
14 Dec 1962 - 26 Oct 1965  Hans Lenz                     FDP  (b. 1907 - d. 1968)
26 Oct 1965 - 21 Oct 1969  Gerhard Stoltenberg           CDU  (b. 1928 - d. 2001)
15 Dec 1972 - 16 May 1974  Horst Ehmke                   SPD  (b. 1927)
16 May 1974 - 16 Feb 1978  Hans Matthöfer                SPD  (b. 1925 - d. 2009)
16 Feb 1978 -  5 Nov 1980  Volker Hauff                  SPD  (b. 1940)
 5 Nov 1980 -  1 Oct 1982  Andreas von Bülow             SPD  (b. 1937)
 4 Oct 1982 - 21 Jan 1993  Heinz Riesenhuber             CDU  (b. 1935)
21 Jan 1993 - 13 May 1993  Matthias Wissmann             CDU  (b. 1949)
13 May 1993 - 17 Nov 1994  Paul Krüger                   CDU  (b. 1950)
17 Nov 1994 - 27 Oct 1998  Jürgen Rüttgers               CDU  (b. 1951)
27 Oct 1998 - 22 Nov 2005  Edelgard Bulmahn (f)          SPD  (b. 1951)
22 Nov 2005 - 14 Feb 2013  Annette Schavan (f)           CDU  (b. 1955)
14 Feb 2013 -              Johanna Wanka (f)             CDU  (b. 1951)

Education and Science

21 Oct 1969                Ministry of Education and Science
17 Nov 1994                united with Ministry of Research and Technology

Ministers
21 Oct 1969 - 15 Mar 1972  Hans Leussink                 n/p  (b. 1912 - d. 2008)
15 Mar 1972 - 16 May 1974  Klaus von Dohnanyi            SPD  (b. 1928)
16 May 1974 - 16 Feb 1978  Helmut Rohde                  SPD  (b. 1925)
16 Feb 1978 - 28 Jan 1981  Jürgen Schmude                SPD  (b. 1936)
28 Jan 1981 -  1 Oct 1982  Björn Engholm                 SPD  (b. 1939)
 4 Oct 1982 - 12 Mar 1987  Dorothee Wilms (f)            CDU  (b. 1929)
12 Mar 1987 - 18 Jan 1991  Jürgen W. Möllemann           FDP  (b. 1945 - d. 2003)
18 Jan 1991 -  4 Feb 1994  Rainer Ortleb                 FDP  (b. 1944)
 4 Feb 1994 - 17 Nov 1994  Karl-Hans Laermann            FDP  (b. 1929)

Economic Cooperation and Development

20 Oct 1953                Ministry of Economic Cooperation
29 Oct 1957 - 14 Nov 1961  ministry abolished
22 Jan 1993                Ministry of Economic Cooperation and Development

Ministers
20 Oct 1953 - 29 Oct 1957  Franz Blücher      FDP; 1956: FVP  (b. 1896 - d. 1959)
14 Nov 1961 - 19 Nov 1962  Walter Scheel (1st time)      FDP  (b. 1919)
14 Dec 1962 - 28 Oct 1966  Walter Scheel (2nd time)      FDP  (s.a.)
 8 Nov 1966 -  1 Dec 1966  Werner Dollinger              CSU  (b. 1918 - d. 2008)
 1 Dec 1966 -  2 Oct 1968  Hans-Jürgen Wischnewski       SPD  (b. 1922 - d. 2005)
16 Oct 1968 -  4 Jul 1974  Erhard Eppler                 SPD  (b. 1926)
 4 Jul 1974 - 15 Dec 1976  Egon Bahr                     SPD  (b. 1922)
15 Dec 1976 - 16 Feb 1978  Marie Schlei (f)              SPD  (b. 1919 - d. 1983)
16 Feb 1978 -  1 Oct 1982  Rainer Offergeld              SPD  (b. 1937)
 4 Oct 1982 - 12 Mar 1987  Jürgen Warnke (1st time)      CSU  (b. 1932 - d. 2013)
12 Mar 1987 - 21 Apr 1989  Hans Klein                    CSU  (b. 1931 - d. 1996)
21 Apr 1989 - 18 Jan 1991  Jürgen Warnke (2nd time)      CSU  (s.a.)
18 Jan 1991 - 27 Oct 1998  Carl-Dieter Spranger          CSU  (b. 1939)
27 Oct 1998 - 28 Oct 2009  Heidemarie Wieczorek-Zeul (f) SPD  (b. 1942)
28 Oct 2009 - 17 Dec 2013  Dirk Niebel                   FDP  (b. 1963)
17 Dec 2013 -              Gerd Müller                   CSU  (b. 1955)

Environment, Nature Conservation, Construction, and Reactor Security

 6 Jun 1986                Ministry of Environment, Nature Conservation, and Reactor Security
17 Dec 2013                Ministry of Environment, Nature Conservation, Construction, and
                           Reactor Security

Ministers
 6 Jun 1986 - 22 Apr 1987  Walter Wallmann               CDU  (b. 1932 - d. 2013)
 7 May 1987 - 17 Nov 1994  Klaus Töpfer                  CDU  (b. 1938)
17 Nov 1994 - 27 Oct 1998  Angela Merkel (f)             CDU  (b. 1954)
27 Oct 1998 - 22 Nov 2005  Jürgen Trittin                Grn  (b. 1954)
22 Nov 2005 - 28 Oct 2009  Sigmar Gabriel                SPD  (b. 1959)
28 Oct 2009 - 22 May 2012  Norbert Röttgen               CDU  (b. 1965)
22 May 2012 - 17 Dec 2013  Peter Altmaier                CDU  (b. 1958)
17 Dec 2013 -              Barbara Hendricks (f)         SPD  (b. 1952)

Special Tasks

Ministers
20 Oct 1953 - 19 Oct 1955  Franz Josef Strauss           CSU  (b. 1915 - d. 1988)
20 Oct 1953 - 12 Nov 1955  Robert Tillmanns              CDU  (b. 1896 - d. 1955)
20 Oct 1953 - 16 Oct 1956  Waldemar Kraft             GB/BHE;
                                 11 Jul 1955: n/p; 1956: CDU  (b. 1898 - d. 1977)
20 Oct 1953 - 16 Oct 1956  Hermann Schäfer    FDP; 1956: FVP  (b. 1892 - d. 1966)
14 Nov 1961 - 16 Jun 1964  Heinrich Krone                CDU  (b. 1895 - d. 1989)
16 Jun 1964 - 26 Oct 1965  Ludger Westrick               CDU  (b. 1894 - d. 1990)
21 Oct 1969 - 14 Dec 1972  Horst Ehmke                   SPD  (b. 1927)
15 Dec 1972 - 16 May 1974  Egon Bahr                     SPD  (b. 1922)
15 Dec 1972 - 16 May 1974  Werner Maihofer               FDP  (b. 1918 - d. 2009)
15 Nov 1984 - 21 Apr 1989  Wolfgang Schäuble             CDU  (b. 1942)
21 Apr 1989 - 18 Jan 1991  Hans Klein                    CSU  (b. 1931 - d. 1996)
21 Apr 1989 - 26 Nov 1991  Rudolf Seiters                CDU  (b. 1937)
 3 Oct 1990 - 19 Dec 1990  Lothar de Maizière            CDU  (b. 1940)
 3 Oct 1990 - 18 Jan 1991  Sabine Bergmann-Pohl (f)      CDU  (b. 1946)
 3 Oct 1990 - 18 Jan 1991  Günther Krause                CDU  (b. 1953)
 3 Oct 1990 - 18 Jan 1991  Rainer Ortleb                 FDP  (b. 1944)
 3 Oct 1990 - 18 Jan 1991  Hansjoachim Walther           DSU  (b. 1939 - d. 2005)
26 Nov 1991 - 27 Oct 1998  Friedrich Bohl                CDU  (b. 1945)
27 Oct 1998 - 31 Jul 1999  Bodo Hombach                  SPD  (b. 1952)
22 Nov 2005 - 28 Oct 2009  Thomas de Maizière            CDU  (b. 1954)
28 Oct 2009 - 17 Dec 2013  Ronald Pofalla                CDU  (b. 1959)
17 Dec 2013 -              Peter Altmaier                CDU  (b. 1958)

Post and Communications

20 Sep 1949                Ministry of Post and Communications
31 Dec 1997                ministry abolished

Ministers
20 Sep 1949 -  9 Dec 1953  Hans Schuberth                CSU  (b. 1897 - d. 1976)
 9 Dec 1953 - 15 Nov 1956  Siegfried Balke    n/p; later CSU  (b. 1902 - d. 1984)
15 Nov 1956 - 29 Oct 1957  Ernst Lemmer                  CDU  (b. 1898 - d. 1970)
29 Oct 1957 -  1 Dec 1966  Richard Stücklen              CSU  (b. 1916 - d. 2002)
 1 Dec 1966 - 21 Oct 1969  Werner Dollinger              CSU  (b. 1918 - d. 2008)
21 Oct 1969 -  7 Jul 1972  Georg Leber                   SPD  (b. 1920 - d. 2012)
 7 Jul 1972 - 14 Dec 1972  Lauritz Lauritzen             SPD  (b. 1910 - d. 1980)
15 Dec 1972 - 16 May 1974  Horst Ehmke                   SPD  (b. 1927)
16 May 1974 - 28 Apr 1982  Kurt Gscheidle                SPD  (b. 1924 - d. 2003)
28 Apr 1982 -  1 Oct 1982  Hans Matthöfer                SPD  (b. 1925 - d. 2009)
 4 Oct 1982 - 17 Dec 1992  Christian Schwarz-Schilling   CDU  (b. 1930)
21 Jan 1993 - 31 Dec 1997  Wolfgang Bötsch               CSU  (b. 1938)

Displaced Persons, Refugees, and War Victims

20 Sep 1949                Ministry of Displaced Persons, Refugees, and War Victims
21 Oct 1969                ministry abolished

Ministers
20 Sep 1949 - 20 Oct 1953  Hans Lukaschek                CDU  (b. 1885 - d. 1960)
20 Oct 1953 -  5 Apr 1960  Theodor Oberländer         GB/BHE;
                                 11 Jul 1955: n/p; 1956: CDU  (b. 1905 - d. 1998)
27 Oct 1960 - 14 Nov 1961  Hans-Joachim von Merkatz      CDU  (b. 1905 - d. 1982)
14 Nov 1961 - 19 Nov 1962  Wolfgang Mischnick (1st time) FDP  (b. 1921 - d. 2002)
14 Dec 1962 - 15 Oct 1963  Wolfgang Mischnick (2nd time) FDP  (s.a.)
17 Oct 1963 -  7 Feb 1964  Hans Krüger                   CDU  (b. 1902 - d. 1971)
19 Feb 1964 - 26 Oct 1965  Ernst Lemmer                  CDU  (b. 1898 - d. 1970)
26 Oct 1965 -  1 Dec 1966  Johann Baptist Gradl          CDU  (b. 1904 - d. 1988)
 1 Dec 1966 -  5 Feb 1969  Kai-Uwe von Hassel            CDU  (b. 1913 - d. 1997)
 7 Feb 1969 - 21 Oct 1969  Heinrich Windelen             CDU  (b. 1921)

Inner-German Relations

20 Sep 1949                Ministry of All-German Affairs
21 Oct 1969                Ministry of Inner-German Relations
18 Jan 1991                ministry abolished

Ministers
20 Sep 1949 - 29 Oct 1957  Jakob Kaiser                  CDU  (b. 1888 - d. 1961)
29 Oct 1957 - 14 Dec 1962  Ernst Lemmer                  CDU  (b. 1898 - d. 1970)
14 Dec 1962 - 15 Oct 1963  Rainer Barzel (1st time)      CDU  (b. 1924 - d. 2006)
17 Oct 1963 - 28 Oct 1966  Erich Mende                   FDP  (b. 1916 - d. 1998)
28 Oct 1966 -  1 Dec 1966  Johann Baptist Gradl          CDU  (b. 1904 - d. 1988)
 1 Dec 1966 - 21 Oct 1969  Herbert Wehner                SPD  (b. 1906 - d. 1990)
21 Oct 1969 -  1 Oct 1982  Egon Franke                   SPD  (b. 1913 - d. 1995)
 4 Oct 1982 - 30 Mar 1983  Rainer Barzel (2nd time)      CDU  (s.a.)
30 Mar 1983 - 12 Mar 1987  Heinrich Windelen             CDU  (b. 1921)
12 Mar 1987 - 18 Jan 1991  Dorothee Wilms (f)            CDU  (b. 1929)

Bundesrat and State Affairs

20 Sep 1949                Ministry of Bundesrat Affairs
       1957                Ministry of Bundesrat and State Affairs
21 Oct 1969                ministry abolished

Ministers
20 Sep 1949 -  7 Jun 1955  Heinrich Hellwege             DP   (b. 1908 - d. 1991)
 8 Jun 1955 - 14 Dec 1962  Hans-Joachim von Merkatz      DP;
                                                   1960: CDU  (b. 1905 - d. 1982)
14 Dec 1962 -  1 Dec 1966  Alois Niederalt               CSU  (b. 1911 - d. 2004)
 1 Dec 1966 - 21 Oct 1969  Carlo Schmid                  SPD  (b. 1896 - d. 1979)

Marshall Plan Affairs

20 Sep 1949                Ministry of Marshall Plan Affairs
20 Oct 1953                ministry abolished

Minister
20 Sep 1949 - 20 Oct 1953  Franz Blücher                 FDP  (b. 1896 - d. 1959)

Nuclear Energy and Water

21 Oct 1955                Ministry of Atomic Affairs
       1957                Ministry of Nuclear Energy and Water
14 Dec 1962                ministry abolished

Ministers
21 Oct 1955 - 16 Oct 1956  Franz Josef Strauss           CSU  (b. 1915 - d. 1988)
16 Oct 1956 - 14 Dec 1962  Siegfried Balke               CSU  (b. 1902 - d. 1984)

Federal Treasure

29 Oct 1957                Ministry of Federal Economic Possessions
14 Nov 1961                Ministry of Federal Treasure
21 Oct 1969                ministry abolished

Ministers
29 Oct 1957 - 27 Feb 1960  Hermann Lindrath              CDU  (b. 1896 - d. 1960)
 4 May 1960 - 14 Nov 1961  Hans Wilhelmi                 CDU  (b. 1899 - d. 1970)
14 Nov 1961 - 19 Nov 1962  Hans Lenz                     FDP  (b. 1907 - d. 1968)
14 Dec 1962 -  1 Dec 1966  Werner Dollinger              CSU  (b. 1918 - d. 2008)
 1 Dec 1966 - 21 Oct 1969  Kurt Schmücker                CDU  (b. 1919 - d. 1996)

Independent agencies


Deutsche Bundesbank

 1 Mar 1948                Bank Deutscher Länder
 1 Aug 1957                Deutsche Bundesbank

Presidents
20 May 1948 - 31 Dec 1957  Karl Bernard                       (b. 1890 - d. 1972)
                           (Präsident des Zentralbankrats)
                           + Wilhelm Vocke                    (b. 1886 - d. 1973)
                           (Präsident des Direktoriums)
 1 Jan 1958 - 31 Dec 1969  Karl Blessing                      (b. 1900 - d. 1971)
 1 Jan 1970 - 31 May 1977  Karl Klasen                        (b. 1909 - d. 1991)
 1 Jun 1977 - 31 Dec 1979  Otmar Emminger                     (b. 1911 - d. 1986)
 1 Jan 1980 - 31 Jul 1991  Karl Otto Pöhl                     (b. 1929 - d. 2014)
 1 Aug 1991 - 30 Sep 1993  Helmut Schlesinger                 (b. 1924)
 1 Oct 1993 - 31 Aug 1999  Hans Tietmeyer                     (b. 1931)
 1 Sep 1999 - 16 Apr 2004  Ernst Welteke                      (b. 1942)
16 Apr 2004 - 30 Apr 2004  Jürgen Stark (acting)              (b. 1948)
30 Apr 2004 - 30 Apr 2011  Axel Weber                         (b. 1957)
 1 May 2011 -              Jens Weidmann                      (b. 1968)

Bundesnachrichtendienst

Presidents
 1 Apr 1956 - 30 Apr 1968  Reinhard Gehlen                    (b. 1902 - d. 1979)
 1 May 1968 - 31 Dec 1978  Gerhard Wessel                     (b. 1913 - d. 2002)
 1 Jan 1979 - 26 Dec 1982  Klaus Kinkel                       (b. 1936)
27 Dec 1982 - 31 Jul 1985  Eberhard Blum                      (b. 1919 - d. 2003)
 1 Aug 1985 - 27 Aug 1985  Heribert Hellenbroich              (b. 1937)
 4 Sep 1985 -  2 Oct 1990  Hans-Georg Wieck                   (b. 1928)
 3 Oct 1990 - 31 Mar 1996  Konrad Porzner                     (b. 1935)
 1 Apr 1996 -  4 Jun 1996  Gerhard Güllich (acting)           (b. 1937)
 4 Jun 1996 - 17 Dec 1998  Hansjörg Geiger                    (b. 1942)
17 Dec 1998 -  1 Dec 2005  August Hanning                     (b. 1946)
 1 Dec 2005 -  7 Dec 2011  Ernst Uhrlau                       (b. 1946)
 7 Dec 2011 -              Gerhard Schindler                  (b. 1952)

Constitutional Court

Presidents
 7 Sep 1951 - 15 Jan 1954  Hermann Höpker-Aschoff        FDP  (b. 1883 - d. 1954)
23 Mar 1954 - 19 Oct 1958  Josef Wintrich                CSU  (b. 1891 - d. 1958)
 8 Jan 1959 -  8 Dec 1971  Gebhard Müller                CDU  (b. 1900 - d. 1990)
 8 Dec 1971 - 20 Dec 1983  Ernst Benda                   CDU  (b. 1925 - d. 2009)
20 Dec 1983 - 16 Nov 1987  Wolfgang Zeidler              SPD  (b. 1924 - d. 1987)
16 Nov 1987 - 30 Jun 1994  Roman Herzog                  CDU  (b. 1934)
14 Sep 1994 - 10 Apr 2002  Jutta Limbach (f)             SPD  (b. 1934)
10 Apr 2002 - 16 Mar 2010  Hans-Jürgen Papier            CSU  (b. 1943)
16 Mar 2010 -              Andreas Vosskuhle             n/p  (b. 1963)

Parliament


Bundestag

Presidents
 7 Sep 1949 - 18 Oct 1950  Erich Köhler                  CDU  (b. 1892 - d. 1958)
19 Oct 1950 - 20 Oct 1954  Hermann Ehlers                CDU  (b. 1904 - d. 1954)
16 Nov 1954 - 31 Jan 1969  Eugen Gerstenmaier            CDU  (b. 1906 - d. 1986)
 5 Feb 1969 - 13 Dec 1972  Kai-Uwe von Hassel            CDU  (b. 1913 - d. 1997)
13 Dec 1972 - 14 Dec 1976  Annemarie Renger (f)          SPD  (b. 1919 - d. 2008)
14 Dec 1976 - 31 May 1979  Karl Carstens                 CDU  (b. 1914 - d. 1992)
31 May 1979 - 29 Mar 1983  Richard Stücklen              CSU  (b. 1916 - d. 2002)
29 Mar 1983 - 25 Oct 1984  Rainer Barzel                 CDU  (b. 1924 - d. 2006)
 5 Nov 1984 - 11 Nov 1988  Philipp Jenninger             CDU  (b. 1932)
25 Nov 1988 - 26 Oct 1998  Rita Süssmuth (f)             CDU  (b. 1937)
26 Oct 1998 - 18 Oct 2005  Wolfgang Thierse              SPD  (b. 1943)
18 Oct 2005 -              Norbert Lammert               CDU  (b. 1948)

Bundesrat

Presidents
 7 Sep 1949 -  6 Sep 1950  Karl Arnold                   CDU  (b. 1901 - d. 1958)
 8 Sep 1950 -  7 Sep 1951  Hans Ehard (1st time)         CSU  (b. 1887 - d. 1980)
 7 Sep 1951 -  6 Sep 1952  Hinrich Wilhelm Kopf          SPD  (b. 1893 - d. 1961)
 7 Sep 1952 -  6 Sep 1953  Reinhold Maier            FDP/DVP  (b. 1889 - d. 1971)
 7 Sep 1953 -  6 Sep 1954  Georg August Zinn (1st time)  SPD  (b. 1901 - d. 1976)
 7 Sep 1954 -  6 Sep 1955  Peter Altmeier (1st time)     CDU  (b. 1899 - d. 1977)
 7 Sep 1955 -  6 Sep 1956  Kai-Uwe von Hassel            CDU  (b. 1913 - d. 1997)
 7 Sep 1956 - 31 Oct 1957  Kurt Sieveking                CDU  (b. 1897 - d. 1986)
 1 Nov 1957 - 31 Oct 1958  Willy Brandt                  SPD  (b. 1913 - d. 1992)
 1 Nov 1958 - 31 Oct 1959  Wilhelm Kaisen                SPD  (b. 1887 - d. 1979)
 1 Nov 1959 - 31 Oct 1960  Franz Josef Röder (1st time)  CDU  (b. 1909 - d. 1979)
 1 Nov 1960 - 31 Oct 1961  Franz Meyers                  CDU  (b. 1908 - d. 2002)
 1 Nov 1961 - 31 Oct 1962  Hans Ehard (2nd time)         CSU  (s.a.)
 1 Nov 1962 - 31 Oct 1963  Kurt Georg Kiesinger          CDU  (b. 1904 - d. 1988)
 1 Nov 1963 - 31 Oct 1964  Georg Diederichs              SPD  (b. 1900 - d. 1983)
 1 Nov 1964 - 31 Oct 1965  Georg August Zinn (2nd time)  SPD  (s.a.)
 1 Nov 1965 - 31 Oct 1966  Peter Altmeier (2nd time)     CDU  (s.a.)
 1 Nov 1966 - 31 Oct 1967  Helmut Lemke                  CDU  (b. 1907 - d. 1990)
 1 Nov 1967 - 31 Oct 1968  Klaus Schütz                  SPD  (b. 1926 - d. 2012)
 1 Nov 1968 - 31 Oct 1969  Herbert Weichmann             SPD  (b. 1896 - d. 1983)
 1 Nov 1969 - 31 Oct 1970  Franz Josef Röder (2nd time)  CDU  (s.a.)
 1 Nov 1970 - 31 Oct 1971  Hans Koschnick (1st time)     SPD  (b. 1929)
 1 Nov 1971 - 31 Oct 1972  Heinz Kühn                    SPD  (b. 1912 - d. 1992)
 1 Nov 1972 - 31 Oct 1973  Alfons Goppel                 CSU  (b. 1905 - d. 1991)
 1 Nov 1973 - 31 Oct 1974  Hans Filbinger                CDU  (b. 1913 - d. 2007)
 1 Nov 1974 - 31 Oct 1975  Alfred Kubel                  SPD  (b. 1909 - d. 1999)
 1 Nov 1975 - 20 Oct 1976  Albert Osswald                SPD  (b. 1919 - d. 1996)
 3 Dec 1976 - 31 Oct 1977  Bernhard Vogel (1st time)     CDU  (b. 1932)
 1 Nov 1977 - 31 Oct 1978  Gerhard Stoltenberg           CDU  (b. 1928 - d. 2001)
 1 Nov 1978 - 31 Oct 1979  Dietrich Stobbe               SPD  (b. 1938 - d. 2011)
 1 Nov 1979 - 31 Oct 1980  Hans-Ulrich Klose             SPD  (b. 1937)
 1 Nov 1980 - 31 Oct 1981  Werner Zeyer                  CDU  (b. 1929 - d. 2000)
 1 Nov 1981 - 31 Oct 1982  Hans Koschnick (2nd time)     SPD  (s.a.)
 1 Nov 1982 - 31 Oct 1983  Johannes Rau (1st time)       SPD  (b. 1931 - d. 2006)
 1 Nov 1983 - 31 Oct 1984  Franz Josef Strauss           CSU  (b. 1915 - d. 1988)
 1 Nov 1984 - 31 Oct 1985  Lothar Späth                  CDU  (b. 1937)
 1 Nov 1985 - 31 Oct 1986  Ernst Albrecht                CDU  (b. 1930 - d. 2014)
 1 Nov 1986 - 24 Apr 1987  Holger Börner                 SPD  (b. 1931 - d. 2006)
15 May 1987 - 31 Oct 1987  Walter Wallmann               CDU  (b. 1932 - d. 2013)
 1 Nov 1987 - 31 Oct 1988  Bernhard Vogel (2nd time)     CDU  (s.a.)
 1 Nov 1988 - 31 Oct 1989  Björn Engholm                 SPD  (b. 1939)
 1 Nov 1989 - 31 Oct 1990  Walter Momper                 SPD  (b. 1945)
 1 Nov 1990 - 31 Oct 1991  Henning Voscherau             SPD  (b. 1941)
 1 Nov 1991 - 19 Mar 1992  Alfred Gomolka                CDU  (b. 1942)
15 May 1992 - 31 Oct 1992  Berndt Seite                  CDU  (b. 1940)
 1 Nov 1992 - 31 Oct 1993  Oskar Lafontaine              SPD  (b. 1943)
 1 Nov 1993 - 31 Oct 1994  Klaus Wedemeier               SPD  (b. 1944)
 1 Nov 1994 - 31 Oct 1995  Johannes Rau (2nd time)       SPD  (s.a.)
 1 Nov 1995 - 31 Oct 1996  Edmund Stoiber                CSU  (b. 1941)
 1 Nov 1996 - 31 Oct 1997  Erwin Teufel                  CDU  (b. 1939)
 1 Nov 1997 - 27 Oct 1998  Gerhard Schröder              SPD  (b. 1944)
 1 Nov 1998 -  7 Apr 1999  Hans Eichel                   SPD  (b. 1941)
30 Apr 1999 - 31 Oct 1999  Roland Koch                   CDU  (b. 1958)
 1 Nov 1999 - 31 Oct 2000  Kurt Biedenkopf               CDU  (b. 1930)
 1 Nov 2000 - 31 Oct 2001  Kurt Beck                     SPD  (b. 1949)
 1 Nov 2001 - 31 Oct 2002  Klaus Wowereit                SPD  (b. 1953)
 1 Nov 2002 - 31 Oct 2003  Wolfgang Böhmer               CDU  (b. 1936)
 1 Nov 2003 - 31 Oct 2004  Dieter Althaus                CDU  (b. 1958)
 1 Nov 2004 - 31 Oct 2005  Matthias Platzeck             SPD  (b. 1953)
 1 Nov 2005 - 31 Oct 2006  Peter Harry Carstensen        CDU  (b. 1947)
 1 Nov 2006 - 31 Oct 2007  Harald Ringstorff             SPD  (b. 1939)
 1 Nov 2007 - 31 Oct 2008  Ole von Beust                 CDU  (b. 1955)
 1 Nov 2008 - 31 Oct 2009  Peter Müller                  CDU  (b. 1955)
 1 Nov 2009 - 31 Oct 2010  Jens Böhrnsen                 SPD  (b. 1949)
 1 Nov 2010 - 31 Oct 2011  Hannelore Kraft (f)           SPD  (b. 1961)
 1 Nov 2011 - 31 Oct 2012  Horst Seehofer                CSU  (b. 1949)
 1 Nov 2012 - 31 Oct 2013  Winfried Kretschmann          Grn  (b. 1948)
 1 Nov 2013 - 31 Oct 2014  Stephan Weil                  SPD  (b. 1958)
 1 Nov 2014 -              Volker Bouffier               CDU  (b. 1951)

Political parties


Christian Democratic Union

Chairmen
21 Oct 1950 - 23 Mar 1966  Konrad Adenauer                    (b. 1876 - d. 1967)
23 Mar 1966 - 23 May 1967  Ludwig Erhard                      (b. 1897 - d. 1977)
23 May 1967 -  4 Oct 1971  Kurt Georg Kiesinger               (b. 1904 - d. 1988)
 4 Oct 1971 - 12 Jun 1973  Rainer Barzel                      (b. 1924 - d. 2006)
12 Jun 1973 -  7 Nov 1998  Helmut Kohl                        (b. 1930)
 7 Nov 1998 - 10 Apr 2000  Wolfgang Schäuble                  (b. 1942)
10 Apr 2000 -              Angela Merkel (f)                  (b. 1954)

General secretaries 23 May 1967 - 4 Oct 1971 Bruno Heck (b. 1917 - d. 1989) 4 Oct 1971 - 12 Jun 1973 Konrad Kraske (b. 1926) 12 Jun 1973 - 7 Mar 1977 Kurt Biedenkopf (b. 1930) 7 Mar 1977 - 11 Sep 1989 Heiner Geissler (b. 1930) 11 Sep 1989 - 27 Apr 1992 Volker Rühe (b. 1942) 27 Apr 1992 - 7 Nov 1998 Peter Hintze (b. 1950) 7 Nov 1998 - 10 Apr 2000 Angela Merkel (f) (s.a.) 10 Apr 2000 - 20 Nov 2000 Ruprecht Polenz (b. 1946) 20 Nov 2000 - 24 Jan 2005 Laurenz Meyer (b. 1948) 24 Jan 2005 - 5 Dec 2005 Volker Kauder (b. 1949) 5 Dec 2005 - 28 Oct 2009 Ronald Pofalla (b. 1959) 28 Oct 2009 - 16 Dec 2013 Hermann Gröhe (b. 1961) (acting to 22 Mar 2010) 16 Dec 2013 - Peter Tauber (b. 1974) (acting to 5 Apr 2014)

Christian Social Union

Chairmen
 8 Jan 1946 - 28 May 1949  Josef Müller                       (b. 1898 - d. 1979)
28 May 1949 - 22 Jan 1955  Hans Ehard                         (b. 1887 - d. 1980)
22 Jan 1955 - 18 Mar 1961  Hanns Seidel                       (b. 1901 - d. 1961)
18 Mar 1961 -  3 Oct 1988  Franz Josef Strauss                (b. 1915 - d. 1988)
19 Nov 1988 - 16 Jan 1999  Theo Waigel                        (b. 1939)
16 Jan 1999 - 29 Sep 2007  Edmund Stoiber                     (b. 1941)
29 Sep 2007 - 25 Oct 2008  Erwin Huber                        (b. 1946)
25 Oct 2008 -              Horst Seehofer                     (b. 1949)

General secretaries Jan 1949 - 29 Dec 1952 Franz Josef Strauss (s.a.) 29 Dec 1952 - 25 Oct 1954 Josef Brunner (b. 1909 - d. 1982) 25 Oct 1954 - Jan 1955 Heinz Lechmann (acting) (b. 1920 - d. 2007) Jan 1955 - 1 Oct 1963 Friedrich Zimmermann (b. 1925 - d. 2012) (Hauptgeschäftsführer to 21 Dec 1956) 1 Oct 1963 - 1 Apr 1967 Anton Jaumann (b. 1927 - d. 1994) 1 Apr 1967 - 14 May 1971 Max Streibl (b. 1932 - d. 1998) 14 May 1971 - 20 Nov 1978 Gerold Tandler (1st time) (b. 1936) 20 Nov 1978 - 1 Apr 1983 Edmund Stoiber (s.a.) 1 Apr 1983 - 22 Oct 1984 Otto Wiesheu (b. 1944) (suspended from 8 Nov 1983) 22 Oct 1984 - 12 Sep 1988 Gerold Tandler (2nd time) (s.a.) (acting [for Wiesheu from 8 Nov 1983] to 28 Jan 1985) 12 Sep 1988 - 1 Jan 1995 Erwin Huber (s.a.) 1 Jan 1995 - 25 Jan 1999 Bernd Protzner (b. 1952) 25 Jan 1999 - 15 Oct 2003 Thomas Goppel (b. 1947) 15 Oct 2003 - 22 Oct 2007 Markus Söder (b. 1967) 22 Oct 2007 - 3 Nov 2008 Christine Haderthauer (f) (b. 1962) 3 Nov 2008 - 9 Feb 2009 Karl-Theodor zu Guttenberg (b. 1971) 9 Feb 2009 - 17 Dec 2013 Alexander Dobrindt (b. 1970) 17 Dec 2013 - Andreas Scheuer (b. 1974)

Social Democratic Party

Chairmen
10 May 1946 - 20 Aug 1952  Kurt Schumacher                    (b. 1895 - d. 1952)
24 Sep 1952 - 14 Dec 1963  Erich Ollenhauer                   (b. 1901 - d. 1963)
16 Feb 1964 - 14 Jun 1987  Willy Brandt                       (b. 1913 - d. 1992)
14 Jun 1987 - 29 May 1991  Hans-Jochen Vogel                  (b. 1926)
29 May 1991 -  3 May 1993  Björn Engholm                      (b. 1939)
 3 May 1993 - 25 Jun 1993  Johannes Rau (acting)              (b. 1931 - d. 2006)
25 Jun 1993 - 16 Nov 1995  Rudolf Scharping                   (b. 1947)
16 Nov 1995 - 11 Mar 1999  Oskar Lafontaine                   (b. 1943)
11 Mar 1999 - 21 Mar 2004  Gerhard Schröder                   (b. 1944)
                           (acting to 12 Apr 1999)
21 Mar 2004 - 15 Nov 2005  Franz Müntefering (1st time)       (b. 1940)
15 Nov 2005 - 10 Apr 2006  Matthias Platzeck                  (b. 1953)
10 Apr 2006 -  7 Sep 2008  Kurt Beck (acting to 14 May 2006)  (b. 1949)
 7 Sep 2008 - 18 Oct 2008  Frank-Walter Steinmeier (acting)   (b. 1956)
18 Oct 2008 - 13 Nov 2009  Franz Müntefering (2nd time)       (s.a.)
13 Nov 2009 -              Sigmar Gabriel                     (b. 1959)

Bundesgeschäftsführer 2 Oct 1968 - 18 Dec 1971 Hans-Jürgen Wischnewski (b. 1922 - d. 2005) 24 Jan 1972 - 12 Oct 1976 Holger Börner (b. 1931 - d. 2006) 15 Dec 1976 - 23 Feb 1981 Egon Bahr (b. 1922) 23 Feb 1981 - 14 Jun 1987 Peter Glotz (b. 1939 - d. 2005) 15 Jun 1987 - 30 May 1991 Anke Fuchs (f) (b. 1937) 30 May 1991 - 15 Aug 1993 Karlheinz Blessing (b. 1957) 15 Aug 1993 - 29 Sep 1995 Günter Verheugen (b. 1944) 16 Oct 1995 - 2 Nov 1998 Franz Müntefering (1st time) (s.a.) 2 Nov 1998 - 6 Sep 1999 Ottmar Schreiner (b. 1946 - d. 2013) 6 Sep 1999 - 7 Dec 1999 Franz Müntefering (2nd time) (s.a.) (acting) General secretaries 7 Dec 1999 - 20 Oct 2002 Franz Müntefering (s.a.) 20 Oct 2002 - 21 Mar 2004 Olaf Scholz (b. 1958) 21 Mar 2004 - 15 Nov 2005 Klaus Uwe Benneter (b. 1947) 15 Nov 2005 - 13 Nov 2009 Hubertus Heil (b. 1972) 13 Nov 2009 - 26 Jan 2014 Andrea Nahles (f) (b. 1970) 26 Jan 2014 - Yasmin Fahimi (f) (b. 1967)

Free Democratic Party

Chairmen
12 Dec 1948 - 22 Sep 1949  Theodor Heuss                      (b. 1884 - d. 1963)
22 Sep 1949 -  7 Mar 1954  Franz Blücher                      (b. 1896 - d. 1959)
 7 Mar 1954 - 24 Jan 1957  Thomas Dehler                      (b. 1897 - d. 1967)
24 Jan 1957 - 28 Jan 1960  Reinhold Maier                     (b. 1889 - d. 1971)
28 Jan 1960 - 30 Jan 1968  Erich Mende                        (b. 1916 - d. 1998)
30 Jan 1968 -  1 Oct 1974  Walter Scheel                      (b. 1919)
 1 Oct 1974 - 23 Feb 1985  Hans-Dietrich Genscher             (b. 1927)
23 Feb 1985 -  9 Oct 1988  Martin Bangemann                   (b. 1934)
 9 Oct 1988 - 11 Jun 1993  Otto Graf Lambsdorff               (b. 1926 - d. 2009)
11 Jun 1993 - 10 Jun 1995  Klaus Kinkel                       (b. 1936)
10 Jun 1995 -  4 May 2001  Wolfgang Gerhardt                  (b. 1943)
 4 May 2001 - 14 May 2011  Guido Westerwelle                  (b. 1961)
14 May 2011 -  7 Dec 2013  Philipp Rösler                     (b. 1973)
 7 Dec 2013 -              Christian Lindner                  (b. 1979)

General secretaries 24 Oct 1971 - 25 Aug 1973 Karl-Hermann Flach (b. 1929 - d. 1973) 1 Oct 1974 - 4 Oct 1975 Martin Bangemann (s.a.) Nov 1978 - 29 Sep 1982 Günter Verheugen (b. 1944) Nov 1982 - Jun 1984 Irmgard Adam-Schwaetzer (f) (b. 1942) Jun 1984 - 9 Oct 1988 Helmut Haussmann (b. 1943) 9 Oct 1988 - 1 Nov 1991 Cornelia Schmalz-Jacobsen (f) (b. 1934) 1 Nov 1991 - 11 Jun 1993 Uwe Lühr (b. 1949) 11 Jun 1993 - 12 Dec 1994 Werner Hoyer (b. 1951) 12 Dec 1994 - 4 May 2001 Guido Westerwelle (s.a.) 4 May 2001 - 5 May 2005 Cornelia Pieper (f) (b. 1959) 5 May 2005 - 28 Oct 2009 Dirk Niebel (b. 1963) 14 Dec 2009 - 14 Dec 2011 Christian Lindner (s.a.) (acting to 24 Apr 2010) 14 Dec 2011 - 7 Dec 2013 Patrick Döring (b. 1973) (acting to 21 Apr 2012) 7 Dec 2013 - Nicola Beer (f) (b. 1970)

Alliance 90/The Greens

13 Jan 1980                The Greens founded
14 May 1993                united with Alliance 90 as Alliance 90/The Greens

Speakers
13 Jan 1980 - 23 Mar 1980  Herbert Gruhl                      (b. 1921 - d. 1993)
                           + August Haussleiter               (b. 1905 - d. 1989)
                           + Helmut Neddermeyer               (b. 1938)
                           (acting)
23 Mar 1980 -    Oct 1981  August Haussleiter                 (s.a.)
                           (to 22 Jun 1980)
                           + Dieter Burgmann                  (b. 1939)
                           (from 22 Jun 1980)
                           + Petra Kelly (f)                  (b. 1947 - d. 1992)
                           + Norbert Mann                     (b. 1943)
   Oct 1981 -    Nov 1982  Dieter Burgmann                    (s.a.)
                           + Petra Kelly (f)                  (s.a.)
                           + Manon Maren-Grisebach (f)        (b. 1931)
   Nov 1982 -    Nov 1983  Wilhelm Knabe                      (b. 1923)
                           + Manon Maren-Grisebach (f)        (s.a.)
                           + Rainer Trampert                  (b. 1946)
   Nov 1983 -  7 Dec 1984  Wilhelm Knabe                      (s.a.)
                           + Rebekka Schmidt (f)              (b. 1954)
                           + Rainer Trampert                  (s.a.)
 7 Dec 1984 -  2 May 1987  Lukas Beckmann                     (b. 1950)
                           + Jutta Ditfurth (f)               (b. 1951)
                           + Rainer Trampert                  (s.a.)
 2 May 1987 -  4 Mar 1989  Jutta Ditfurth (f)                 (s.a.)
                           + Regina Michalik (f)              (b. 1958)
                           + Christian Schmidt                (b. 1943)
                           (acting from Dec 1988)
 4 Mar 1989 - 10 Jun 1990  Ralf Fücks                         (b. 1951)
                           + Ruth Hammerbacher (f)            (b. 1953)
                           + Verena Krieger (f)               (b. 1961)
10 Jun 1990 - 28 Apr 1991  Renate Damus (f)                   (b. 1940)
                           + Heide Rühle (f)                  (b. 1948)
                           + Christian Ströbele (to Feb 1991) (b. 1939)
28 Apr 1991 - 14 May 1993  Ludger Volmer                      (b. 1952)
                           + Christine Weiske (f)             (b. 1949)
                           (to 16 Jan 1993)
14 May 1993 -  3 Dec 1994  Ludger Volmer                      (s.a.)
                           + Marianne Birthler (f)            (b. 1948)
 3 Dec 1994 - 30 Nov 1996  Jürgen Trittin                     (b. 1954)
                           + Krista Sager (f)                 (b. 1953)
30 Nov 1996 - 12 Dec 1998  Jürgen Trittin                     (s.a.)
                           + Gunda Röstel (f)                 (b. 1962)
12 Dec 1998 - 24 Jun 2000  Antje Radcke (f)                   (b. 1960)
                           + Gunda Röstel (f)                 (s.a.)
Chairmen
24 Jun 2000 -  9 Mar 2001  Renate Künast (f)                  (b. 1955)
                           + Fritz Kuhn                       (b. 1955)
 9 Mar 2001 -  8 Dec 2002  Claudia Roth (f)                   (b. 1955)
                           + Fritz Kuhn                       (s.a.)
 8 Dec 2002 -  2 Oct 2004  Angelika Beer (f)                  (b. 1957)
                           + Reinhard Bütikofer               (b. 1953)
 2 Oct 2004 - 15 Nov 2008  Claudia Roth (f)                   (s.a.)
                           + Reinhard Bütikofer               (s.a.)
15 Nov 2008 - 19 Oct 2013  Claudia Roth (f)                   (s.a.)
                           + Cem Özdemir                      (b. 1965)
19 Oct 2013 -              Simone Peter (f)                   (b. 1965)
                           + Cem Özdemir                      (s.a.)

Politische Bundesgeschäftsführer Jun 1991 - 12 Dec 1998 Heide Rühle (f) (s.a.) 12 Dec 1998 - 8 Dec 2002 Reinhard Bütikofer (s.a.) 8 Dec 2002 - 19 Oct 2013 Steffi Lemke (f) (b. 1968) 19 Oct 2013 - Michael Kellner (b. 1977)

The Left

17 Jul 2005                Party of Democratic Socialism renamed The Left Party
16 Jun 2007                merged with Election Alternative Work and Social Justice
                           to form The Left

Chairmen
 4 Feb 1990 - 30 Jan 1993  Gregor Gysi                        (b. 1948)
30 Jan 1993 - 14 Oct 2000  Lothar Bisky (1st time)            (b. 1941 - d. 2013)
14 Oct 2000 - 28 Jun 2003  Gabi Zimmer (f)                    (b. 1955)
28 Jun 2003 - 15 Jun 2007  Lothar Bisky (2nd time)            (s.a.)
16 Jun 2007 - 15 May 2010  Lothar Bisky (3rd time)            (s.a.)
                           + Oskar Lafontaine                 (b. 1943)
15 May 2010 - 10 Apr 2012  Gesine Lötzsch (f)                 (b. 1961)
                           + Klaus Ernst                      (b. 1954)
10 Apr 2012 -  2 Jun 2012  Klaus Ernst                        (s.a.)
 2 Jun 2012 -              Katja Kipping (f)                  (b. 1978)
                           + Bernd Riexinger                  (b. 1955)

Bundesgeschäftsführer 26 Jan 1991 - 30 Jan 1993 Wolfgang Gehrcke (b. 1943) 30 Jan 1993 - 18 Jan 1997 Martin Harnack (b. 1950) 18 Jan 1997 - 13 Oct 2002 Dietmar Bartsch (1st time) (b. 1958) 13 Oct 2002 - 28 Jun 2003 Uwe Hiksch (b. 1964) 28 Jun 2003 - 10 Dec 2005 Rolf Kutzmutz (b. 1947) 10 Dec 2005 - 15 May 2010 Dietmar Bartsch (2nd time) (s.a.) 15 May 2010 - 3 Jun 2012 Caren Lay (f) (b. 1972) + Werner Dreibus (b. 1947) 3 Jun 2012 - Matthias Höhn (b. 1975)

Pirate Party

Chairmen
10 Sep 2006 - 20 May 2007  Christof Leng                      (b. 1975)
20 May 2007 - 18 May 2008  Jens Seipenbusch (1st time)        (b. 1968)
18 May 2008 -  4 Jul 2009  Dirk Hillbrecht                    (b. 1972)
 4 Jul 2009 - 14 May 2011  Jens Seipenbusch (2nd time)        (s.a.)
14 May 2011 - 28 Apr 2012  Sebastian Nerz                     (b. 1983)
28 Apr 2012 - 30 Nov 2013  Bernd Schlömer                     (b. 1971)
30 Nov 2013 - 28 Jun 2014  Thorsten Wirth                     (b. 1968)
28 Jun 2014 -              Stefan Körner                      (b. 1968)

Labour unions


German Trade Union Federation

Chairmen
13 Oct 1949 - 16 Feb 1951  Hans Böckler                       (b. 1875 - d. 1951)
22 Jun 1951 - 17 Oct 1952  Christian Fette                    (b. 1895 - d. 1971)
17 Oct 1952 -  6 Oct 1956  Walter Freitag                     (b. 1889 - d. 1958)
 6 Oct 1956 - 26 Oct 1962  Willi Richter                      (b. 1894 - d. 1972)
26 Oct 1962 - 19 May 1969  Ludwig Rosenberg                   (b. 1903 - d. 1977)
19 May 1969 - 19 May 1982  Heinz Oskar Vetter                 (b. 1917 - d. 1990)
19 May 1982 - 23 May 1990  Ernst Breit                        (b. 1924 - d. 2013)
23 May 1990 -  9 May 1994  Heinz Werner Meyer                 (b. 1932 - d. 1994)
14 Jun 1994 - 28 May 2002  Dieter Schulte                     (b. 1940)
28 May 2002 - 12 May 2014  Michael Sommer                     (b. 1952)
12 May 2014 -              Reiner Hoffmann                    (b. 1955)

IG Metall

Chairmen
       1949 -        1950  Hans Brümmer                       (b. 1886 - d. 1966)
                           + Walter Freitag                   (b. 1889 - d. 1958)
                           + Wilhelm Petersen                 (b. 1889 - d. 1968)
       1950 -        1952  Hans Brümmer                       (s.a.)
                           + Walter Freitag                   (s.a.)
       1952 -        1956  Hans Brümmer                       (s.a.)
                           + Otto Brenner                     (b. 1907 - d. 1972)
       1956 - 15 Apr 1972  Otto Brenner                       (s.a.)
   Jun 1972 - 12 Oct 1983  Eugen Loderer                      (b. 1920 - d. 1995)
12 Oct 1983 -    Oct 1986  Hans Mayr                          (b. 1921 - d. 2009)
   Oct 1986 - 25 May 1993  Franz Steinkühler                  (b. 1937)
25 May 1993 - 21 Jul 2003  Klaus Zwickel                      (b. 1939)
                           (acting to 2 Oct 1993)
21 Jul 2003 -  6 Nov 2007  Jürgen Peters                      (b. 1944)
                           (acting to 31 Aug 2003)
 6 Nov 2007 - 25 Nov 2013  Berthold Huber                     (b. 1950)
25 Nov 2013 -              Detlef Wetzel                      (b. 1952)

ver.di

19 Mar 2001                5 unions (ötv, DAG, HBV, IG Medien, DPG) united as ver.di

Chairman
19 Mar 2001 -              Frank Bsirske                      (b. 1952)

ötv

Chairmen
   Feb 1952 -        1964  Adolph Kummernuss                  (b. 1895 - d. 1979)
       1964 -        1982  Heinz Kluncker                     (b. 1925 - d. 2005)
29 Sep 1982 - 10 Nov 1994  Monika Wulf-Mathies (f)            (b. 1942)
10 Nov 1994 - 13 Feb 1995  Jutta Schmidt (f)                  (b. 1945)
                           + Wolfgang Warburg                 (b. 1942)
                           (acting)
13 Feb 1995 -  9 Nov 2000  Herbert Mai                        (b. 1947)
 9 Nov 2000 - 19 Mar 2001  Frank Bsirske                      (s.a.)