Rulers: France

Ministries, political parties, etc. from 1870


Deputy prime ministers
20 Feb 1932 -  3 Jun 1932  Paul Reynaud (1st time)            (b. 1878 - d. 1966)
31 Jan 1933 - 26 Oct 1933  Eugène Penancier (1st time)        (b. 1873 - d. 1955)
26 Oct 1933 - 26 Nov 1933  Albert Dalimier                    (b. 1875 - d. 1936)
30 Jan 1934 -  8 Feb 1934  Eugène Penancier (2nd time)        (s.a.)
 8 Nov 1934 -  7 Jun 1935  Georges Pernot                     (b. 1879 - d. 1962)
 4 Jun 1936 - 22 Jun 1937  Édouard Daladier (1st time)        (b. 1884 - d. 1970)
22 Jun 1937 - 18 Jan 1938  Léon Blum (1st time)               (b. 1872 - d. 1950)
18 Jan 1938 - 10 Apr 1938  Édouard Daladier (2nd time)        (s.a.)
10 Apr 1938 - 12 Jul 1940  Camille Chautemps                  (b. 1885 - d. 1963)
18 May 1940 - 16 Jun 1940  Philippe Pétain                    (b. 1856 - d. 1951)
23 Jun 1940 - 10 Feb 1941  Pierre Laval                       (b. 1883 - d. 1945)
10 Feb 1941 - 18 Apr 1942  François Darlan                    (b. 1881 - d. 1942)
Vice president of the National Committee of the Free French (in exile)
 3 Aug 1942 -  7 Jun 1943  René Pleven                        (b. 1901 - d. 1993)
Deputy prime ministers
26 Jan 1946 - 24 Jun 1946  Francisque Gay                     (b. 1885 - d. 1963)
26 Jan 1946 - 16 Dec 1946  Maurice Thorez (1st time)          (b. 1900 - d. 1964)
24 Jun 1946 - 16 Dec 1946  Félix Gouin                        (b. 1884 - d. 1977)
22 Jan 1947 -  4 May 1947  Maurice Thorez (2nd time)          (s.a.)
 4 May 1947 - 22 Oct 1947  Pierre-Henri Teitgen (1st time)    (b. 1908 - d. 1997)
26 Jul 1948 -  5 Sep 1948  Pierre-Henri Teitgen (2nd time)    (s.a.)
26 Jul 1948 -  5 Sep 1948  Léon Blum (2nd time)               (s.a.)
 5 Sep 1948 - 13 Feb 1949  André Marie                        (b. 1897 - d. 1974)
13 Feb 1949 - 28 Oct 1949  Robert Lecourt                     (b. 1908 - d. 2004)
29 Oct 1949 -  7 Feb 1950  Jules Moch                         (b. 1893 - d. 1985)
29 Oct 1949 -  2 Jul 1950  Henri Queuille (1st time)          (b. 1884 - d. 1970)
 2 Jul 1950 - 12 Jul 1950  Georges Bidault (1st time)         (b. 1899 - d. 1983)
10 Mar 1951 - 11 Aug 1951  Guy Mollet (1st time)              (b. 1905 - d. 1975)
10 Mar 1951 - 11 Aug 1951  René Pleven                        (s.a.)
10 Mar 1951 -  8 Mar 1952  Georges Bidault (2nd time)         (s.a.)
11 Aug 1951 - 20 Jan 1952  René Mayer                         (b. 1895 - d. 1972)
20 Jan 1952 - 19 Jun 1954  Henri Queuille (2nd time)          (s.a.)
28 Jun 1953 - 19 Jun 1954  Paul Reynaud (2nd time)            (s.a.)
28 Jun 1953 - 19 Jun 1954  Pierre-Henri Teitgen (3rd time)    (s.a.)
15 May 1958 -  1 Jun 1958  Guy Mollet (2nd time)              (s.a.)

Foreign Affairs

Ministers
 4 Sep 1870 -  2 Aug 1871  Jules Favre                        (b. 1809 - d. 1880)
 2 Aug 1871 - 25 May 1873  Charles, comte de Rémusat          (b. 1797 - d. 1875)
25 May 1873 - 26 Nov 1873  Albert, duc de Broglie             (b. 1821 - d. 1901)
29 Nov 1873 - 23 Nov 1877  Louis Decazes, duc de Glucksberg   (b. 1819 - d. 1886)
23 Nov 1877 - 13 Dec 1877  Gaston-Robert, marquis de
                           Banneville                         (b. 1818 - d. 1881)
13 Dec 1877 - 28 Dec 1879  William Henry Waddington           (b. 1826 - d. 1894)
28 Dec 1879 - 23 Sep 1880  Charles Louis de Saulces de
                           Freycinet (1st time)               (b. 1828 - d. 1923)
23 Sep 1880 - 14 Nov 1881  Jules Barthélemy-Saint-Hilaire     (b. 1805 - d. 1895)
14 Nov 1881 - 30 Jan 1882  Léon Gambetta                      (b. 1838 - d. 1882)
30 Jan 1882 -  7 Aug 1882  Charles Louis de Saulces de
                           Freycinet (2nd time)               (s.a.)
 7 Aug 1882 - 29 Jan 1883  Charles Duclerc                    (b. 1812 - d. 1888)
29 Jan 1883 - 21 Feb 1883  Armand Fallières (interim)         (b. 1841 - d. 1931)
21 Feb 1883 - 20 Nov 1883  Paul Armand Challemel-Lacour       (b. 1827 - d. 1896)
20 Nov 1883 -  6 Apr 1885  Jules Ferry                        (b. 1832 - d. 1893)
 6 Apr 1885 - 11 Dec 1886  Charles Louis de Saulces de
                           Freycinet (3rd time)               (s.a.)
13 Dec 1886 -  3 Apr 1888  Émile Flourens                     (b. 1841 - d. 1920)
 3 Apr 1888 - 22 Feb 1889  René Goblet                        (b. 1828 - d. 1905)
22 Feb 1889 - 17 Mar 1890  Eugène Spuller                     (b. 1835 - d. 1896)
17 Mar 1890 - 11 Jan 1893  Alexandre Ribot (1st time)         (b. 1842 - d. 1923)
11 Jan 1893 -  3 Dec 1893  Jules Develle                      (b. 1845 - d. 1919)
 3 Dec 1893 - 30 May 1894  Jean Casimir-Perier                (b. 1847 - d. 1907)
30 May 1894 -  1 Nov 1895  Gabriel Hanotaux (1st time)        (b. 1853 - d. 1944)
 1 Nov 1895 - 28 Mar 1896  Marcelin Berthelot                 (b. 1827 - d. 1907)
28 Mar 1896 - 29 Apr 1896  Léon Bourgeois (1st time)          (b. 1851 - d. 1925)
29 Apr 1896 - 28 Jun 1898  Gabriel Hanotaux (2nd time)        (s.a.)
28 Jun 1898 -  6 Jun 1905  Théophile Delcassé (1st time)      (b. 1852 - d. 1923)
 6 Jun 1905 - 13 Mar 1906  Maurice Rouvier                    (b. 1842 - d. 1911)
                           (interim to 17 Jun 1905)
14 Mar 1906 - 25 Oct 1906  Léon Bourgeois (2nd time)          (s.a.)
25 Oct 1906 -  2 Mar 1911  Stephen Pichon (1st time)          (b. 1857 - d. 1933)
 2 Mar 1911 - 27 Jun 1911  Jean Cruppi                        (b. 1855 - d. 1933)
27 Jun 1911 -  9 Jan 1912  Justin de Selves                   (b. 1848 - d. 1934)
14 Jan 1912 - 21 Jan 1913  Raymond Poincaré (1st time)        (b. 1860 - d. 1934)
22 Jan 1913 - 22 Mar 1913  Charles Jonnart                    (b. 1857 - d. 1927)
22 Mar 1913 -  9 Dec 1913  Stephen Pichon (2nd time)          (s.a.)
 9 Dec 1913 -  9 Jun 1914  Gaston Doumergue (1st time)        (b. 1863 - d. 1937)
 9 Jun 1914 - 13 Jun 1914  Léon Bourgeois (3rd time)          (s.a.)
13 Jun 1914 -  3 Aug 1914  René Viviani (1st time)            (b. 1863 - d. 1925)
 3 Aug 1914 - 26 Aug 1914  Gaston Doumergue (2nd time)        (s.a.)
26 Aug 1914 - 13 Oct 1915  Théophile Delcassé (2nd time)      (s.a.)
13 Oct 1915 - 29 Oct 1915  René Viviani (2nd time)            (s.a.)
29 Oct 1915 - 20 Mar 1917  Aristide Briand (1st time)         (b. 1862 - d. 1932)
20 Mar 1917 - 23 Oct 1917  Alexande Ribot (2nd time)          (s.a.)
23 Oct 1917 - 16 Nov 1917  Louis Barthou (1st time)           (b. 1862 - d. 1934)
16 Nov 1917 - 20 Jan 1920  Stephen Pichon (3rd time)          (s.a.)
20 Jan 1920 - 24 Sep 1920  Alexandre Millerand                (b. 1859 - d. 1943)
24 Sep 1920 - 16 Jan 1921  Georges Leygues                    (b. 1857 - d. 1933)
16 Jan 1921 - 15 Jan 1922  Aristide Briand (2nd time)         (s.a.)
15 Jan 1922 -  9 Jun 1924  Raymond Poincaré (2nd time)        (s.a.)
 9 Jun 1924 - 14 Jun 1924  Edmond Lefebvre du Prey            (b. 1866 - d. 1955)
14 Jun 1924 - 17 Apr 1925  Édouard Herriot (1st time)         (b. 1872 - d. 1957)
17 Apr 1925 - 19 Jul 1926  Aristide Briand (3rd time)         (s.a.)
19 Jul 1926 - 23 Jul 1926  Édouard Herriot (2nd time)         (s.a.)
23 Jul 1926 - 14 Jan 1932  Aristide Briand (4th time)         (s.a.)
14 Jan 1932 - 20 Feb 1932  Pierre Laval (1st time)            (b. 1883 - d. 1945)
20 Feb 1932 -  3 Jun 1932  André Tardieu                      (b. 1876 - d. 1945)
 3 Jun 1932 - 18 Dec 1932  Édouard Herriot (3rd time)         (s.a.)
18 Dec 1932 - 30 Jan 1934  Joseph Paul-Boncour (1st time)     (b. 1873 - d. 1972)
30 Jan 1934 -  9 Feb 1934  Édouard Daladier (1st time)        (b. 1884 - d. 1970)
 9 Feb 1934 -  9 Oct 1934  Louis Barthou (2nd time)           (s.a.)
13 Oct 1934 - 24 Jan 1936  Pierre Laval (2nd time)            (s.a.)
24 Jan 1936 -  4 Jun 1936  Pierre Étienne Flandin (1st time)  (b. 1889 - d. 1958)
 4 Jun 1936 - 13 Mar 1938  Yvon Delbos                        (b. 1885 - d. 1956)
13 Mar 1938 - 10 Apr 1938  Joseph Paul-Boncour (2nd time)     (s.a.)
10 Apr 1938 - 13 Sep 1939  Georges Bonnet                     (b. 1889 - d. 1973)
13 Sep 1939 - 21 Mar 1940  Édouard Daladier (2nd time)        (s.a.)
21 Mar 1940 - 18 May 1940  Paul Reynaud (1st time)            (b. 1878 - d. 1966)
18 May 1940 -  5 Jun 1940  Édouard Daladier (3rd time)        (s.a.)
 5 Jun 1940 - 16 Jun 1940  Paul Reynaud (2nd time)            (s.a.)
16 Jun 1940 - 28 Oct 1940  Paul Baudoin                       (b. 1894 - d. 1964)
28 Oct 1940 - 13 Dec 1940  Pierre Laval (3rd time)            (s.a.)
13 Dec 1940 -  9 Feb 1941  Pierre Étienne Flandin (2nd time)  (s.a.)
10 Feb 1941 - 18 Apr 1942  François Darlan                    (b. 1881 - d. 1942)
18 Apr 1942 - 20 Aug 1944  Pierre Laval (4th time)            (s.a.)
Commissioners (Free French government)
24 Sep 1941 - 17 Oct 1942  Maurice Dejean                     (b. 1899 - d. 1982)
17 Oct 1942 -  5 Feb 1943  René Pleven                        (b. 1901 - d. 1993)
 5 Feb 1943 - 10 Sep 1944  René Massigli                      (b. 1888 - d. 1988)
Ministers
10 Sep 1944 - 16 Dec 1946  Georges Bidault (1st time)         (b. 1899 - d. 1983)
16 Dec 1946 - 22 Jan 1947  Léon Blum                          (b. 1872 - d. 1950)
22 Jan 1947 - 26 Jul 1948  Georges Bidault (2nd time)         (s.a.)
26 Jul 1948 -  8 Jan 1953  Robert Schuman                     (b. 1886 - d. 1963)
 8 Jan 1953 - 19 Jun 1954  Georges Bidault (3rd time)         (s.a.)
19 Jun 1954 - 20 Jan 1955  Pierre Mendès-France               (b. 1907 - d. 1982)
20 Jan 1955 - 23 Feb 1955  Edgar Faure                        (b. 1908 - d. 1988)
23 Feb 1955 -  1 Feb 1956  Antoine Pinay                      (b. 1891 - d. 1994)
 1 Feb 1956 - 14 May 1958  Christian Pineau                   (b. 1904 - d. 1995)
14 May 1958 -  1 Jun 1958  René Pleven                        (s.a.)
 1 Jun 1958 - 31 May 1968  Maurice Couve de Murville          (b. 1907 - d. 1999)
31 May 1968 - 22 Jun 1969  Michel Debré                       (b. 1912 - d. 1996)
22 Jun 1969 - 15 Mar 1973  Maurice Schumann                   (b. 1911 - d. 1998)
15 Mar 1973 -  4 Apr 1973  André Bettencourt (interim)        (b. 1919 - d. 2007)
 4 Apr 1973 - 28 May 1974  Michel Jobert                      (b. 1921 - d. 2002)
28 May 1974 - 27 Aug 1976  Jean Sauvagnargues                 (b. 1915 - d. 2002)
27 Aug 1976 - 29 Nov 1978  Louis de Guiringaud                (b. 1911 - d. 1982)
29 Nov 1978 - 22 May 1981  Jean François-Poncet               (b. 1928 - d. 2012)
- External Relations -
22 May 1981 -  7 Dec 1984  Claude Cheysson                    (b. 1920 - d. 2012)
 7 Dec 1984 - 20 Mar 1986  Roland Dumas (1st time)            (b. 1922)
- Foreign Affairs -
20 Mar 1986 - 12 May 1988  Jean-Bernard Raimond               (b. 1926)
12 May 1988 - 29 Mar 1993  Roland Dumas (2nd time)            (s.a.)
29 Mar 1993 - 18 May 1995  Alain Juppé (1st time)             (b. 1945)
18 May 1995 -  4 Jun 1997  Hervé de Charette                  (b. 1938)
 4 Jun 1997 -  7 May 2002  Hubert Védrine                     (b. 1947)
 7 May 2002 - 31 Mar 2004  Dominique de Villepin              (b. 1953)
31 Mar 2004 -  2 Jun 2005  Michel Barnier                     (b. 1951)
 2 Jun 2005 - 18 May 2007  Philippe Douste-Blazy              (b. 1953)
18 May 2007 - 14 Nov 2010  Bernard Kouchner                   (b. 1939)
14 Nov 2010 -  1 Mar 2011  Michèle Alliot-Marie (f)           (b. 1946)
 1 Mar 2011 - 16 May 2012  Alain Juppé (2nd time)             (s.a.)
16 May 2012 -              Laurent Fabius                     (b. 1946)

European Affairs

Ministers
- Council of Europe -
12 Jul 1950 - 11 Aug 1951  Guy Mollet                         (b. 1905 - d. 1975)
20 Jan 1952 -  8 Mar 1952  Pierre Pflimlin                    (b. 1907 - d. 2000)
- European Institutions -
17 May 1958 -  1 Jun 1958  Maurice Faure                      (b. 1922 - d. 2014)
- European Affairs -
18 Dec 1983 -  7 Dec 1984  Roland Dumas                       (b. 1922)
12 May 1988 -  2 Oct 1990  Edith Cresson (f)                  (b. 1934)
18 May 2007 - 14 Nov 2010  Bernard Kouchner                   (b. 1939)
14 Nov 2010 -  1 Mar 2011  Michèle Alliot-Marie (f)           (b. 1946)
 1 Mar 2011 - 16 May 2012  Alain Juppé                        (b. 1945)

Defense

Ministers
- War -
 4 Sep 1870 -  5 Jun 1871  Adolphe Charles Le Flô             (b. 1804 - d. 1887)
 5 Jun 1871 - 25 May 1873  Ernest Courtot de Cissey
                           (1st time)                         (b. 1810 - d. 1882)
29 May 1873 - 22 May 1874  François Claude du Barail          (b. 1820 - d. 1902)
22 May 1874 - 15 Aug 1876  Ernest Courtot de Cissey
                           (2nd time)                         (s.a.)
15 Aug 1876 - 23 Nov 1877  Jean Auguste Berthaud              (b. 1817 - d. 1881)
23 Nov 1877 - 13 Dec 1877  Gaétan de Grimaudet de Rochebouët  (b. 1813 - d. 1899)
13 Dec 1877 - 16 May 1878  Jean-Louis Borel                   (b. 1819 - d. 1884)
16 May 1878 - 28 Dec 1879  Henri François Xavier Gresley      (b. 1819 - d. 1890)
28 Dec 1879 - 14 Nov 1881  Jean Joseph Frédéric Adolphe Farre (b. 1816 - d. 1887)
14 Nov 1881 - 26 Jan 1882  Jean-Baptiste Campenon (1st time)  (b. 1819 - d. 1891)
30 Jan 1882 - 29 Jan 1883  Jean-Baptiste Billot (1st time)    (b. 1828 - d. 1907)
31 Jan 1883 -  9 Oct 1883  Jean Thibaudin                     (b. 1822 - d. 1905)
 9 Oct 1883 -  3 Jan 1885  Jean-Baptiste Campenon (2nd time)  (s.a.)
 3 Jan 1885 -  6 Apr 1885  Jules Louis Lewal                  (b. 1823 - d. 1908)
 6 Apr 1885 -  7 Jan 1886  Jean-Baptiste Campenon (3rd time)  (s.a.)
 7 Jan 1886 - 30 May 1887  Georges Boulanger                  (b. 1837 - d. 1891)
30 May 1887 - 12 Dec 1887  Théophile Adrien Ferron            (b. 1830 - d. 1894)
12 Dec 1887 -  3 Apr 1888  François Auguste Logerot           (b. 1825 - d. 1913)
 3 Apr 1888 - 11 Jan 1893  Charles Louis de Saulces de
                           Freycinet (1st time)               (b. 1828 - d. 1923)
11 Jan 1893 -  3 Dec 1893  Julien Léon Loizillon              (b. 1829 - d. 1899)
 3 Dec 1893 - 24 Jan 1895  Auguste Mercier                    (b. 1833 - d. 1921)
28 Jan 1895 -  1 Nov 1895  Émile Zurlinden (1st time)         (b. 1837 - d. 1929)
 1 Nov 1895 - 29 Apr 1896  Godefroy Cavaignac (1st time)      (b. 1853 - d. 1905)
29 Apr 1896 - 28 Jun 1898  Jean-Baptiste Billot (2nd time)    (s.a.)
28 Jun 1898 -  5 Sep 1898  Godefroy Cavaignac (2nd time)      (s.a.)
 5 Sep 1898 - 17 Sep 1898  Émile Zurlinden (2nd time)         (s.a.)
17 Sep 1898 - 25 Oct 1898  Charles Chanoine                   (b. 1835 - d. 1915)
25 Oct 1898 -  1 Nov 1898  Édouard Locroy (interim)           (b. 1838 - d. 1913)
 1 Nov 1898 -  6 May 1899  Charles Louis de Saulces de
                           Freycinet (2nd time)               (s.a.)
 6 May 1899 - 22 Jun 1899  Camille Krantz                     (b. 1848 - d. 1924)
22 Jun 1899 - 20 May 1900  Gaston, marquis de Galliffet       (b. 1830 - d. 1909)
29 May 1900 - 14 Nov 1904  Louis André                        (b. 1838 - d. 1913)
15 Nov 1904 - 12 Nov 1905  Maurice Berteaux (1st time)        (b. 1852 - d. 1911)
12 Nov 1905 - 25 Oct 1906  Eugène Étienne (1st time)          (b. 1844 - d. 1921)
25 Oct 1906 - 24 Jul 1909  Georges Picquart                   (b. 1854 - d. 1914)
24 Jul 1909 - 23 Feb 1911  Jean Brun                          (b. 1849 - d. 1911)
23 Feb 1911 -  2 Mar 1911  Aristide Briand (interim)          (b. 1862 - d. 1932)
 2 Mar 1911 - 21 May 1911  Maurice Berteaux (2nd time)        (s.a.)
27 May 1911 - 27 Jun 1911  François Louis Auguste Goiran      (b. 1847 - d. 1927)
27 Jun 1911 - 14 Jan 1912  Adolphe Messimy (1st time)         (b. 1869 - d. 1935)
14 Jan 1912 - 12 Jan 1913  Alexandre Millerand (1st time)     (b. 1859 - d. 1943)
12 Jan 1913 - 21 Jan 1913  Albert Lebrun                      (b. 1871 - d. 1950)
21 Jan 1913 -  9 Dec 1913  Eugène Étienne (2nd time)          (s.a.)
 9 Dec 1913 -  9 Jun 1914  Joseph Noullens                    (b. 1864 - d. 1944)
 9 Jun 1914 - 13 Jun 1914  Théophile Delcassé                 (b. 1852 - d. 1923)
13 Jun 1914 - 26 Aug 1914  Adolphe Messimy (2nd time)         (s.a.)
26 Aug 1914 - 29 Oct 1915  Alexandre Millerand (2nd time)     (s.a.)
29 Oct 1915 - 16 Mar 1916  Joseph Galliéni                    (b. 1849 - d. 1916)
16 Mar 1916 - 12 Dec 1916  Pierre Auguste Roques              (b. 1856 - d. 1920)
12 Dec 1916 - 14 Mar 1917  Hubert Lyautey                     (b. 1854 - d. 1934)
15 Mar 1917 - 20 Mar 1917  Lucien Lacaze (interim)            (b. 1860 - d. 1955)
20 Mar 1917 - 16 Nov 1917  Paul Painlevé (1st time)           (b. 1863 - d. 1933)
16 Nov 1917 - 20 Jan 1920  Georges Clemenceau                 (b. 1841 - d. 1929)
20 Jan 1920 - 16 Dec 1920  André Lefèvre                      (b. 1869 - d. 1929)
16 Dec 1920 - 16 Jan 1921  Flaminius Raiberti                 (b. 1862 - d. 1929)
16 Jan 1921 - 15 Jan 1922  Louis Barthou (1st time)           (b. 1862 - d. 1934)
15 Jan 1922 - 14 Jun 1924  André Maginot (1st time)           (b. 1877 - d. 1932)
14 Jun 1924 - 17 Apr 1925  Charles Nollet                     (b. 1865 - d. 1941)
17 Apr 1925 - 29 Oct 1925  Paul Painlevé (2nd time)           (s.a.)
29 Oct 1925 - 28 Nov 1925  Édouard Daladier (1st time)        (b. 1884 - d. 1970)
28 Nov 1925 - 23 Jun 1926  Paul Painlevé (3rd time)           (s.a.)
23 Jun 1926 - 19 Jul 1926  Louis Guillaumat                   (b. 1863 - d. 1940)
19 Jul 1926 -  3 Nov 1929  Paul Painlevé (4th time)           (s.a.)
 3 Nov 1929 - 21 Feb 1930  André Maginot (2nd time)           (s.a.)
21 Feb 1930 -  2 Mar 1930  René Besnard                       (b. 1879 - d. 1952)
 2 Mar 1930 - 13 Dec 1930  André Maginot (3rd time)           (s.a.)
13 Dec 1930 - 27 Jan 1931  Louis Barthou (2nd time)           (s.a.)
27 Jan 1931 -  6 Jan 1932  André Maginot (4th time)           (s.a.)
14 Jan 1932 - 20 Feb 1932  André Tardieu                      (b. 1876 - d. 1945)
- National Defense -
20 Feb 1932 -  3 Jun 1932  François Piétri                    (b. 1882 - d. 1966)
- War -
 3 Jun 1932 - 18 Dec 1932  Joseph Paul-Boncour (1st time)     (b. 1873 - d. 1972)
18 Dec 1932 - 30 Jan 1934  Édouard Daladier (2nd time)        (s.a.)
- National Defense and War -
30 Jan 1934 -  4 Feb 1934  Jean Fabry (1st time)              (b. 1876 - d. 1968)
 4 Feb 1934 -  9 Feb 1934  Joseph Paul-Boncour (2nd time)     (s.a.)
- War -
 9 Feb 1934 -  8 Nov 1934  Philippe Pétain                    (b. 1856 - d. 1951)
 8 Nov 1934 -  7 Jun 1935  Louis Maurin (1st time)            (b. 1869 - d. 1956)
 7 Jun 1935 - 24 Jan 1936  Jean Fabry (2nd time)              (s.a.)
24 Jan 1936 -  4 Jun 1936  Louis Maurin (2nd time)            (s.a.)
- National Defense and War -
 4 Jun 1936 - 18 May 1940  Édouard Daladier (3rd time)        (s.a.)
18 May 1940 - 16 Jun 1940  Paul Reynaud                       (b. 1878 - d. 1966)
- National Defense -
16 Jun 1940 -  6 Sep 1940  Maxime Weygand                     (b. 1867 - d. 1965)
- War -
16 Jun 1940 -  6 Sep 1940  Louis Colson                       (b. 1875 - d. 1951)
- National Defense -
 6 Sep 1940 - 11 Aug 1941  Charles Huntziger                  (b. 1880 - d. 1941)
11 Aug 1941 - 18 Apr 1942  François Darlan                    (b. 1881 - d. 1942)
- War -
18 Apr 1942 - 20 Aug 1944  Eugène Bridoux                     (b. 1888 - d. 1955)
Commissioners (Free French government)
- War -
24 Sep 1941 -  7 Jun 1943  Paul Legentilhomme                 (b. 1884 - d. 1975)
- National Defense -
 2 Oct 1943 -  9 Nov 1943  Paul Legentilhomme                 (s.a.)
- War -
 9 Nov 1943 -  4 Apr 1944  André Le Troquer                   (b. 1884 - d. 1963)
 4 Apr 1944 - 10 Sep 1944  André Diethelm                     (b. 1896 - d. 1954)
Ministers
- War -
10 Sep 1944 - 21 Nov 1945  André Diethelm                     (s.a.)
- Armies -
21 Nov 1945 - 24 Jun 1946  Edmond Michelet                    (b. 1899 - d. 1970)
- National Defense -
24 Jun 1946 - 16 Dec 1946  Félix Gouin                        (b. 1884 - d. 1977)
16 Dec 1946 - 22 Jan 1947  André Le Troquer                   (s.a.)
22 Jan 1947 -  4 May 1947  François Billoux                   (b. 1903 - d. 1978)
 4 May 1947 - 22 Oct 1947  Yvon Delbos (interim)              (b. 1885 - d. 1956)
- Army -
24 Jun 1946 - 16 Dec 1946  Edmond Michelet                    (s.a.)
- War -
22 Jan 1947 - 22 Oct 1947  Paul Coste-Floret                  (b. 1911 - d. 1979)
- Navy -
22 Jan 1947 - 22 Oct 1947  Louis Jacquinot                    (b. 1898 - d. 1993)
- Air Force -
22 Jan 1947 - 22 Oct 1947  André Maroselli                    (b. 1893 - d. 1970)
- National Defense -
22 Oct 1947 - 26 Jul 1948  Pierre-Henri Teitgen               (b. 1908 - d. 1997)
26 Jul 1948 - 11 Sep 1948  René Mayer                         (b. 1895 - d. 1972)
11 Sep 1948 - 28 Oct 1949  Paul Ramadier                      (b. 1888 - d. 1961)
29 Oct 1949 - 12 Jul 1950  René Pleven (1st time)             (b. 1901 - d. 1993)
12 Jul 1950 - 11 Aug 1951  Jules Moch                         (b. 1893 - d. 1985)
11 Aug 1951 -  8 Mar 1952  Georges Bidault                    (b. 1899 - d. 1983)
 8 Mar 1952 -  8 Jan 1953  René Pleven (2nd time)             (s.a.)
- National Defense and Armed Forces -
 8 Jan 1953 - 19 Jun 1954  René Pleven                        (s.a.)
19 Jun 1954 - 14 Aug 1954  Pierre Koenig (1st time)           (b. 1898 - d. 1970)
14 Aug 1954 - 20 Jan 1955  Emmanuel Temple                    (b. 1895 - d. 1988)
                           (interim to 3 Sep 1954)
- National Defense -
20 Jan 1955 - 23 Feb 1955  Jacques Chevallier                 (b. 1882 - d. 1962)
- Armed Forces -
20 Jan 1955 - 23 Feb 1955  Maurice Bourgès-Maunoury
                           (1st time)                         (b. 1914 - d. 1993)
- National Defense and Armed Forces -
23 Feb 1955 -  6 Oct 1955  Pierre Koenig (2nd time)           (s.a.)
 6 Oct 1955 -  1 Feb 1956  Pierre Billotte                    (b. 1906 - d. 1992)
- National Defense -
 1 Feb 1956 - 13 Jun 1957  Maurice Bourgès-Maunoury
                           (2nd time)                         (s.a.)
- National Defense and Armed Forces -
13 Jun 1957 -  6 Nov 1957  André Morice                       (b. 1900 - d. 1990)
 6 Nov 1957 - 14 May 1958  Jacques Chaban-Delmas              (b. 1915 - d. 2000)
- Armed Forces -
14 May 1958 -  1 Jun 1958  Pierre de Chevigné                 (b. 1909 - d. 2004)
- National Defense -
 1 Jun 1958 -  8 Jan 1959  Charles de Gaulle                  (b. 1890 - d. 1970)
- Armies -
 1 Jun 1958 -  5 Feb 1960  Pierre Guillaumat                  (b. 1909 - d. 1991)
 5 Feb 1960 - 22 Jun 1969  Pierre Messmer                     (b. 1916 - d. 2007)
- National Defense -
22 Jun 1969 -  4 Apr 1973  Michel Debré                       (b. 1912 - d. 1996)
- Armies -
 4 Apr 1973 - 28 May 1974  Robert Galley (1st time)           (b. 1921 - d. 2012)
- Defense -
28 May 1974 -  1 Feb 1975  Jacques Soufflet                   (b. 1912 - d. 1990)
 1 Feb 1975 -  2 Oct 1980  Yvon Bourges                       (b. 1921 - d. 2009)
 2 Oct 1980 - 14 Dec 1980  Joël Le Theule                     (b. 1930 - d. 1980)
22 Dec 1980 - 22 May 1981  Robert Galley (2nd time)           (s.a.)
22 May 1981 - 20 Sep 1985  Charles Hernu                      (b. 1923 - d. 1990)
20 Sep 1985 - 20 Mar 1986  Paul Quilès                        (b. 1942)
20 Mar 1986 - 12 May 1988  André Giraud                       (b. 1925 - d. 1997)
12 May 1988 - 29 Jan 1991  Jean-Pierre Chevènement            (b. 1939)
29 Jan 1991 - 29 Mar 1993  Pierre Joxe                        (b. 1934)
29 Mar 1993 - 18 May 1995  François Léotard                   (b. 1942)
18 May 1995 -  4 Jun 1997  Charles Millon                     (b. 1945)
 4 Jun 1997 -  7 May 2002  Alain Richard                      (b. 1945)
 7 May 2002 - 18 May 2007  Michèle Alliot-Marie (f)           (b. 1946)
18 May 2007 - 14 Nov 2010  Hervé Morin                        (b. 1961)
14 Nov 2010 -  1 Mar 2011  Alain Juppé                        (b. 1945)
 1 Mar 2011 - 16 May 2012  Gérard Longuet                     (b. 1946)
16 May 2012 -              Jean-Yves Le Drian                 (b. 1947)

Armaments

Ministers
- Armaments and War Manufacturing -
12 Dec 1916 - 12 Sep 1917  Albert Thomas                      (b. 1878 - d. 1932)
12 Sep 1917 - 28 Nov 1918  Louis Loucheur                     (b. 1872 - d. 1931)
- Armaments -
13 Sep 1939 - 16 Jun 1940  Raoul Dautry                       (b. 1880 - d. 1951)
Commissioner (Free French government)
 7 Jun 1943 -  9 Nov 1943  Jean Monnet                        (b. 1888 - d. 1979)
Ministers
21 Nov 1945 - 16 Dec 1946  Charles Tillon                     (b. 1897 - d. 1993)
20 Jan 1952 -  8 Mar 1952  Maurice Bourgès-Maunoury           (b. 1914 - d. 1993)

Interior

Ministers
 4 Sep 1870 -  6 Feb 1871  Léon Gambetta                      (b. 1838 - d. 1882)
 6 Feb 1871 - 19 Feb 1871  Emmanuel Arago                     (b. 1812 - d. 1896)
19 Feb 1871 -  5 Jun 1871  Ernest Picard                      (b. 1824 - d. 1877)
 5 Jun 1871 -  8 Oct 1871  Félix Lambrecht                    (b. 1819 - d. 1871)
11 Oct 1871 -  6 Feb 1872  Auguste Perier (1st time)          (b. 1811 - d. 1876)
 6 Feb 1872 -  7 Dec 1872  Victor Lefranc                     (b. 1809 - d. 1883)
 7 Dec 1872 - 18 May 1873  Eugène de Goulard                  (b. 1808 - d. 1874)
18 May 1873 - 25 May 1873  Auguste Perier (2nd time)          (s.a.)
25 May 1873 - 26 Nov 1873  Charles Beulé                      (b. 1826 - d. 1874)
26 Nov 1873 - 22 May 1874  Albert, duc de Broglie             (b. 1821 - d. 1901)
22 May 1874 - 20 Jul 1874  Oscar Bardi de Fourtou (1st time)  (b. 1836 - d. 1897)
20 Jul 1874 - 10 Mar 1875  François, baron de Chabaud-Latour  (b. 1801 - d. 1885)
10 Mar 1875 - 23 Feb 1876  Louis Joseph Buffet                (b. 1818 - d. 1898)
23 Feb 1876 -  9 Mar 1876  Jules Armand Dufaure (3rd time)    (b. 1798 - d. 1881)
                           (interim)
 9 Mar 1876 - 11 May 1876  Amable Ricard                      (b. 1828 - d. 1876)
15 May 1876 - 12 Dec 1876  Émile de Marcère (1st time)        (b. 1828 - d. 1918)
12 Dec 1876 - 17 May 1877  Jules Simon                        (b. 1814 - d. 1896)
17 May 1877 - 23 Nov 1877  Oscar Bardi de Fourtou (2nd time)  (s.a.)
23 Nov 1877 - 13 Dec 1877  Charles Welche                     (b. 1828 - d. 1902)
13 Dec 1877 -  4 Mar 1879  Émile de Marcère (2nd time)        (s.a.)
 4 Mar 1879 - 17 May 1880  Charles Lepère                     (b. 1823 - d. 1885)
17 May 1880 - 14 Nov 1881  Ernest Constans (1st time)         (b. 1833 - d. 1913)
14 Nov 1881 - 30 Jan 1882  René Waldeck-Rousseau (1st time)   (b. 1846 - d. 1904)
30 Jan 1882 -  7 Aug 1882  René Goblet (1st time)             (b. 1828 - d. 1905)
 7 Aug 1882 - 21 Feb 1883  Armand Fallières (1st time)        (b. 1841 - d. 1931)
21 Feb 1883 -  6 Apr 1885  René Waldeck-Rousseau (2nd time)   (s.a.)
 6 Apr 1885 -  7 Jan 1886  François Allain-Targé              (b. 1832 - d. 1902)
 7 Jan 1886 - 11 Dec 1886  Ferdinand Sarrien (1st time)       (b. 1840 - d. 1915)
11 Dec 1886 - 30 May 1887  René Goblet (2nd time)             (s.a.)
30 May 1887 - 12 Dec 1887  Armand Fallières (2nd time)        (s.a.)
12 Dec 1887 -  3 Apr 1888  Ferdinand Sarrien (2nd time)       (s.a.)
 3 Apr 1888 - 22 Feb 1889  Charles Floquet                    (b. 1828 - d. 1896)
22 Feb 1889 -  1 Mar 1890  Ernest Constans (2nd time)         (s.a.)
 1 Mar 1890 - 17 Mar 1890  Léon Bourgeois (1st time)          (b. 1851 - d. 1925)
17 Mar 1890 - 27 Feb 1892  Ernest Constans (3rd time)         (s.a.)
27 Feb 1892 - 11 Jan 1893  Émile Loubet                       (b. 1838 - d. 1929)
11 Jan 1893 -  4 Apr 1893  Alexandre Ribot                    (b. 1842 - d. 1923)
 4 Apr 1893 -  3 Dec 1893  Charles Dupuy (1st time)           (b. 1851 - d. 1923)
 3 Dec 1893 - 30 May 1894  David Raynal                       (b. 1840 - d. 1903)
30 May 1894 - 26 Jan 1895  Charles Dupuy (2nd time)           (s.a.)
26 Jan 1895 -  1 Nov 1895  Georges Leygues (1st time)         (b. 1857 - d. 1933)
 1 Nov 1895 - 28 Mar 1896  Léon Bourgeois (2nd time)          (s.a.)
30 Mar 1896 - 29 Apr 1896  Ferdinand Sarrien (3rd time)       (s.a.)
29 Apr 1896 - 28 Jun 1898  Louis Barthou (1st time)           (b. 1862 - d. 1934)
28 Jun 1898 -  1 Nov 1898  Henri Brisson                      (b. 1835 - d. 1912)
 1 Nov 1898 - 22 Jun 1899  Charles Dupuy (3rd time)           (s.a.)
22 Jun 1899 -  7 Jun 1902  René Waldeck-Rousseau (3rd time)   (s.a.)
 7 Jun 1902 - 24 Jan 1905  Émile Combes                       (b. 1835 - d. 1921)
24 Jan 1905 - 12 Nov 1905  Eugène Étienne                     (b. 1844 - d. 1921)
12 Nov 1905 - 14 Mar 1906  Fernand Dubief                     (b. 1850 - d. 1916)
14 Mar 1906 - 24 Jul 1909  Georges Clemenceau                 (b. 1841 - d. 1929)
24 Jul 1909 -  2 Mar 1911  Aristide Briand (1st time)         (b. 1862 - d. 1932)
 2 Mar 1911 - 27 Jun 1911  Ernest Monis                       (b. 1846 - d. 1929)
27 Jun 1911 - 14 Jan 1912  Joseph Caillaux                    (b. 1863 - d. 1944)
14 Jan 1912 - 21 Jan 1913  Théodore Steeg (1st time)          (b. 1868 - d. 1950)
21 Jan 1913 - 22 Mar 1913  Aristide Briand (2nd time)         (s.a.)
22 Mar 1913 -  9 Dec 1913  Louis Lucien Klotz                 (b. 1868 - d. 1930)
 9 Dec 1913 - 17 Mar 1914  René Renoult                       (b. 1867 - d. 1946)
17 Mar 1914 -  9 Jun 1914  Louis Malvy (1st time)             (b. 1875 - d. 1949)
 9 Jun 1914 - 13 Jun 1914  Paul Peytral                       (b. 1842 - d. 1919)
13 Jun 1914 - 31 Aug 1917  Louis Malvy (2nd time)             (s.a.)
 1 Sep 1917 - 16 Nov 1917  Théodore Steeg (2nd time)          (s.a.)
                           (interim to 12 Sep 1917)
16 Nov 1917 - 20 Jan 1920  Jules Pams                         (b. 1852 - d. 1930)
20 Jan 1920 - 16 Jan 1921  Théodore Steeg (3rd time)          (s.a.)
16 Jan 1921 - 15 Jan 1922  Pierre Marraud                     (b. 1861 - d. 1958)
15 Jan 1922 - 29 Mar 1924  Maurice Maunoury                   (b. 1863 - d. 1925)
29 Mar 1924 - 14 Jun 1924  Justin de Selves                   (b. 1848 - d. 1934)
14 Jun 1924 - 17 Apr 1925  Camille Chautemps (1st time)       (b. 1885 - d. 1963)
17 Apr 1925 - 22 Nov 1925  Abraham Schrameck                  (b. 1867 - d. 1948)
28 Nov 1925 -  9 Mar 1926  Camille Chautemps (2nd time)       (s.a.)
 9 Mar 1926 - 10 Apr 1926  Louis Malvy (3rd time)             (s.a.)
10 Apr 1926 - 19 Jul 1926  Jean Durand                        (b. 1865 - d. 1935)
19 Jul 1926 - 23 Jul 1926  Camille Chautemps (3rd time)       (s.a.)
23 Jul 1926 - 11 Nov 1928  Albert Sarraut (1st time)          (b. 1872 - d. 1962)
11 Nov 1928 - 21 Feb 1930  André Tardieu (1st time)           (b. 1876 - d. 1945)
21 Feb 1930 -  2 Mar 1930  Camille Chautemps (4th time)       (s.a.)
 2 Mar 1930 - 13 Dec 1930  André Tardieu (2nd time)           (s.a.)
13 Dec 1930 - 27 Jan 1931  Georges Leygues (2nd time)         (s.a.)
27 Jan 1931 - 14 Jan 1932  Pierre Laval (1st time)            (b. 1883 - d. 1945)
14 Jan 1932 - 20 Feb 1932  Pierre Cathala                     (b. 1888 - d. 1947)
20 Feb 1932 -  3 Jun 1932  Albert Mahieu                      (b. 1864 - d. 1943)
 3 Jun 1932 - 30 Jan 1934  Camille Chautemps (5th time)       (s.a.)
30 Jan 1934 -  9 Feb 1934  Eugène Frot                        (b. 1893 - d. 1983)
 9 Feb 1934 - 13 Oct 1934  Albert Sarraut (2nd time)          (s.a.)
13 Oct 1934 -  8 Nov 1934  Paul Marchandeau                   (b. 1882 - d. 1968)
 8 Nov 1934 -  1 Jun 1935  Marcel Régnier                     (b. 1867 - d. 1958)
 1 Jun 1935 -  7 Jun 1935  Fernand Bouisson                   (b. 1874 - d. 1959)
 7 Jun 1935 - 24 Jan 1936  Joseph Paganon                     (b. 1880 - d. 1937)
24 Jan 1936 -  4 Jun 1936  Albert Sarraut (3rd time)          (s.a.)
 4 Jun 1936 - 18 Nov 1936  Roger Salengro                     (b. 1890 - d. 1936)
24 Nov 1936 - 18 Jan 1938  Marx Dormoy (1st time)             (b. 1888 - d. 1941)
18 Jan 1938 - 13 Mar 1938  Albert Sarraut (4th time)          (s.a.)
13 Mar 1938 - 10 Apr 1938  Marx Dormoy (2nd time)             (s.a.)
10 Apr 1938 - 21 Mar 1940  Albert Sarraut (5th time)          (s.a.)
21 Mar 1940 - 18 May 1940  Henri Roy                          (b. 1873 - d. 1950)
18 May 1940 - 16 Jun 1940  Georges Mandel                     (b. 1885 - d. 1944)
16 Jun 1940 - 26 Jun 1940  Charles Pomaret                    (b. 1897 - d. 1984)
27 Jun 1940 -  6 Sep 1940  Adrien Marquet                     (b. 1884 - d. 1955)
 6 Sep 1940 - 14 Feb 1941  Marcel Peyrouton                   (b. 1887 - d. 1983)
16 Feb 1941 - 18 Jul 1941  François Darlan                    (b. 1881 - d. 1942)
18 Jul 1941 - 18 Apr 1942  Pierre Pucheu                      (b. 1899 - d. 1944)
18 Apr 1942 - 20 Aug 1944  Pierre Laval (2nd time)            (s.a.)
Commissioners (Free French government)
24 Sep 1941 - 28 Jul 1942  André Diethelm                     (b. 1896 - d. 1954)
28 Jul 1942 -  9 Nov 1943  André Philip                       (b. 1902 - d. 1970)
 9 Nov 1943 - 10 Sep 1944  Emmanuel d'Astier de la Vigerie    (b. 1900 - d. 1969)
Ministers
10 Sep 1944 - 26 Jan 1946  Adrien Tixier                      (b. 1893 - d. 1946)
26 Jan 1946 - 24 Jun 1946  André Le Troquer                   (b. 1884 - d. 1963)
24 Jun 1946 - 24 Nov 1947  Édouard Depreux                    (b. 1898 - d. 1981)
24 Nov 1947 -  7 Feb 1950  Jules Moch (1st time)              (b. 1893 - d. 1985)
 7 Feb 1950 - 11 Aug 1951  Henri Queuille                     (b. 1884 - d. 1970)
11 Aug 1951 - 28 Jun 1953  Charles Brune                      (b. 1891 - d. 1956)
28 Jun 1953 - 19 Jun 1954  Léon Martinaud-Deplat              (b. 1899 - d. 1969)
19 Jun 1954 - 23 Feb 1955  François Mitterrand                (b. 1916 - d. 1996)
23 Feb 1955 -  1 Dec 1955  Maurice Bourgès-Maunoury
                           (1st time)                         (b. 1914 - d. 1993)
 1 Dec 1955 -  1 Feb 1956  Edgar Faure (interim)              (b. 1908 - d. 1988)
 1 Feb 1956 -  6 Nov 1957  Jean Gilbert-Jules                 (b. 1903 - d. 1984)
 6 Nov 1957 - 14 May 1958  Maurice Bourgès-Maunoury
                           (2nd time)                         (s.a.)
14 May 1958 - 17 May 1958  Maurice Faure                      (b. 1922 - d. 2014)
17 May 1958 -  1 Jun 1958  Jules Moch (2nd time)              (s.a.)
 1 Jun 1958 -  8 Jan 1959  Émile Pelletier                    (b. 1898 - d. 1975)
 8 Jan 1959 - 28 May 1959  Jean Berthoin                      (b. 1895 - d. 1979)
28 May 1959 -  6 May 1961  Pierre Chatenet                    (b. 1917 - d. 1997)
 6 May 1961 -  6 Apr 1967  Roger Frey                         (b. 1913 - d. 1997)
 6 Apr 1967 - 31 May 1968  Christian Fouchet                  (b. 1911 - d. 1974)
31 May 1968 - 27 Feb 1974  Raymond Marcellin                  (b. 1914 - d. 2004)
27 Feb 1974 - 28 May 1974  Jacques Chirac                     (b. 1932)
28 May 1974 - 30 Mar 1977  Michel Poniatowski                 (b. 1922 - d. 2002)
30 Mar 1977 - 22 May 1981  Christian Bonnet                   (b. 1921)
22 May 1981 - 19 Jul 1984  Gaston Defferre                    (b. 1910 - d. 1986)
19 Jul 1984 - 20 Mar 1986  Pierre Joxe (1st time)             (b. 1934)
20 Mar 1986 - 12 May 1988  Charles Pasqua (1st time)          (b. 1927)
12 May 1988 - 29 Jan 1991  Pierre Joxe (2nd time)             (s.a.)
29 Jan 1991 -  2 Apr 1992  Philippe Marchand                  (b. 1939)
- Interior and Public Security -
 2 Apr 1992 - 29 Mar 1993  Paul Quilès                        (b. 1942)
- Interior -
29 Mar 1993 - 18 May 1995  Charles Pasqua (2nd time)          (s.a.)
18 May 1995 -  4 Jun 1997  Jean-Louis Debré                   (b. 1944)
 4 Jun 1997 - 29 Aug 2000  Jean-Pierre Chevènement            (b. 1939)
 3 Sep 1998 -  3 Jan 1999    Jean-Jack Queyranne              (b. 1945)
                             (acting for Chevènement)
29 Aug 2000 -  7 May 2002  Daniel Vaillant                    (b. 1949)
- Interior, Interior Security, and Local Liberties -
 7 May 2002 - 31 Mar 2004  Nicolas Sarkozy (1st time)         (b. 1955)
31 Mar 2004 -  2 Jun 2005  Dominique de Villepin              (b. 1953)
- Interior -
 2 Jun 2005 - 26 Mar 2007  Nicolas Sarkozy (2nd time)         (s.a.)
26 Mar 2007 - 18 May 2007  François Baroin                    (b. 1965)
- Interior and Territorial Collectivities -
18 May 2007 - 23 Jun 2009  Michèle Alliot-Marie (f)           (b. 1946)
23 Jun 2009 - 28 Feb 2011  Brice Hortefeux                    (b. 1958)
28 Feb 2011 - 16 May 2012  Claude Guéant                      (b. 1945)
16 May 2012 -  2 Apr 2014  Manuel Valls                       (b. 1962)
 2 Apr 2014 -              Bernard Cazeneuve                  (b. 1963)

Finances

Ministers
 4 Sep 1870 - 19 Feb 1871  Ernest Picard                      (b. 1824 - d. 1877)
19 Feb 1871 - 25 Feb 1871  Louis Joseph Buffet (2nd time)     (b. 1818 - d. 1898)
25 Feb 1871 - 23 Apr 1872  Augustin Pouyer-Quertier           (b. 1820 - d. 1891)
23 Apr 1872 -  7 Dec 1872  Eugène de Goulard                  (b. 1808 - d. 1874)
 7 Dec 1872 - 25 May 1873  Léon Say (1st time)                (b. 1826 - d. 1896)
25 May 1873 - 20 Jul 1874  Pierre Magne (4th time)            (b. 1806 - d. 1879)
20 Jul 1874 - 10 Mar 1875  Pierre Mathieu-Bodet               (b. 1816 - d. 1911)
10 Mar 1875 - 17 May 1877  Léon Say (2nd time)                (s.a.)
17 May 1877 - 23 Nov 1877  Eugène Caillaux                    (b. 1822 - d. 1896)
23 Nov 1877 - 13 Dec 1877  François Dutilleul                 (b. 1825 - d. 1907)
13 Dec 1877 - 28 Dec 1879  Léon Say (3rd time)                (s.a.)
28 Dec 1879 - 14 Nov 1881  Pierre Magnin                      (b. 1824 - d. 1910)
14 Nov 1881 - 30 Jan 1882  François Allain-Targé              (b. 1832 - d. 1902)
30 Jan 1882 -  7 Aug 1882  Léon Say (4th time)                (s.a.)
 7 Aug 1882 -  6 Apr 1885  Pierre Tirard (1st time)           (b. 1827 - d. 1893)
 6 Apr 1885 - 16 Apr 1885  Jean Clamageran                    (b. 1827 - d. 1903)
16 Apr 1885 - 11 Dec 1886  Sadi Carnot                        (b. 1837 - d. 1894)
11 Dec 1886 - 30 May 1887  Albert Dauphin                     (b. 1827 - d. 1898)
30 May 1887 - 12 Dec 1887  Maurice Rouvier (1st time)         (b. 1842 - d. 1911)
12 Dec 1887 -  3 Apr 1888  Pierre Tirard (2nd time)           (s.a.)
 3 Apr 1888 - 22 Feb 1889  Paul Peytral (1st time)            (b. 1842 - d. 1919)
22 Feb 1889 - 12 Dec 1892  Maurice Rouvier (2nd time)         (s.a.)
13 Dec 1892 -  4 Apr 1893  Pierre Tirard (3rd time)           (s.a.)
 4 Apr 1893 -  3 Dec 1893  Paul Peytral (2nd time)            (s.a.)
 3 Dec 1893 - 30 May 1894  Auguste Burdeau                    (b. 1851 - d. 1894)
30 May 1894 - 26 Jan 1895  Raymond Poincaré (1st time)        (b. 1860 - d. 1934)
26 Jan 1895 -  1 Nov 1895  Alexandre Ribot (1st time)         (b. 1842 - d. 1923)
 1 Nov 1895 - 29 Apr 1896  Paul Doumer (1st time)             (b. 1857 - d. 1932)
29 Apr 1896 - 28 Jun 1898  Georges Cochery (1st time)         (b. 1855 - d. 1914)
28 Jun 1898 - 22 Jun 1899  Paul Peytral (3rd time)            (s.a.)
22 Jun 1899 -  7 Jun 1902  Joseph Caillaux (1st time)         (b. 1863 - d. 1944)
 7 Jun 1902 - 17 Jun 1905  Maurice Rouvier (3rd time)         (s.a.)
17 Jun 1905 - 14 Mar 1906  Pierre Merlou                      (b. 1849 - d. 1909)
14 Mar 1906 - 25 Oct 1906  Raymond Poincaré (2nd time)        (s.a.)
25 Oct 1906 - 24 Jul 1909  Joseph Caillaux (2nd time)         (s.a.)
24 Jul 1909 -  3 Nov 1910  Georges Cochery (2nd time)         (s.a.)
 3 Nov 1910 -  2 Mar 1911  Louis Lucien Klotz (1st time)      (b. 1868 - d. 1930)
 2 Mar 1911 - 27 Jun 1911  Joseph Caillaux (3rd time)         (s.a.)
27 Jun 1911 - 22 Mar 1913  Louis Lucien Klotz (2nd time)      (s.a.)
22 Mar 1913 -  9 Dec 1913  Charles Dumont (1st time)          (b. 1867 - d. 1939)
 9 Dec 1913 - 17 Mar 1914  Joseph Caillaux (4th time)         (s.a.)
17 Mar 1914 -  9 Jun 1914  René Renoult                       (b. 1867 - d. 1946)
 9 Jun 1914 - 13 Jun 1914  Étienne Clémentel (1st time)       (b. 1864 - d. 1936)
13 Jun 1914 - 26 Aug 1914  Joseph Noullens                    (b. 1864 - d. 1944)
26 Aug 1914 - 20 Mar 1917  Alexandre Ribot (2nd time)         (s.a.)
20 Mar 1917 - 12 Sep 1917  Joseph Thierry                     (b. 1857 - d. 1918)
12 Sep 1917 - 20 Jan 1920  Louis Lucien Klotz (3rd time)      (s.a.)
20 Jan 1920 - 16 Jan 1921  Frédéric François-Marsal
                           (1st time)                         (b. 1874 - d. 1958)
16 Jan 1921 - 15 Jan 1922  Paul Doumer (2nd time)             (s.a.)
15 Jan 1922 - 29 Mar 1924  Charles de Lasteyrie               (b. 1877 - d. 1936)
29 Mar 1924 - 14 Jun 1924  Frédéric François-Marsal
                           (2nd time)                         (s.a.)
14 Jun 1924 -  3 Apr 1925  Étienne Clémentel (2nd time)       (s.a.)
 3 Apr 1925 - 17 Apr 1925  Anatole de Monzie (1st time)       (b. 1876 - d. 1947)
17 Apr 1925 - 29 Oct 1925  Joseph Caillaux (5th time)         (s.a.)
29 Oct 1925 - 28 Nov 1925  Paul Painlevé                      (b. 1863 - d. 1933)
28 Nov 1925 - 16 Dec 1925  Louis Loucheur                     (b. 1872 - d. 1931)
16 Dec 1925 -  9 Mar 1926  Paul Doumer (3rd time)             (s.a.)
 9 Mar 1926 - 23 Jun 1926  Raoul Péret                        (b. 1870 - d. 1942)
23 Jun 1926 - 19 Jul 1926  Joseph Caillaux (6th time)         (s.a.)
19 Jul 1926 - 23 Jul 1926  Anatole de Monzie (2nd time)       (s.a.)
23 Jul 1926 - 11 Nov 1928  Raymond Poincaré (3rd time)        (s.a.)
11 Nov 1928 - 21 Feb 1930  Henry Chéron (1st time)            (b. 1867 - d. 1936)
21 Feb 1930 -  2 Mar 1930  Charles Dumont (2nd time)          (s.a.)
 2 Mar 1930 - 13 Dec 1930  Paul Reynaud (1st time)            (b. 1878 - d. 1966)
13 Dec 1930 - 27 Jan 1931  Louis Germain-Martin (1st time)    (b. 1872 - d. 1948)
27 Jan 1931 -  3 Jun 1932  Pierre Étienne Flandin             (b. 1889 - d. 1958)
 3 Jun 1932 - 18 Dec 1932  Louis Germain-Martin (2nd time)    (s.a.)
18 Dec 1932 - 31 Jan 1933  Henry Chéron (2nd time)            (s.a.)
31 Jan 1933 - 30 Jan 1934  Georges Bonnet (1st time)          (b. 1889 - d. 1973)
30 Jan 1934 -  4 Feb 1934  François Piétri                    (b. 1882 - d. 1966)
 4 Feb 1934 -  9 Feb 1934  Paul Marchandeau (1st time)        (b. 1882 - d. 1968)
 9 Feb 1934 -  1 Jun 1935  Louis Germain-Martin (3rd time)    (s.a.)
 1 Jun 1935 -  7 Jun 1935  Joseph Caillaux (7th time)         (s.a.)
 7 Jun 1935 -  4 Jun 1936  Marcel Régnier                     (b. 1867 - d. 1958)
 4 Jun 1936 - 22 Jun 1937  Vincent Auriol                     (b. 1884 - d. 1966)
22 Jun 1937 - 18 Jan 1938  Georges Bonnet (2nd time)          (s.a.)
18 Jan 1938 - 13 Mar 1938  Paul Marchandeau (2nd time)        (s.a.)
- Treasury -
13 Mar 1938 - 10 Apr 1938  Léon Blum                          (b. 1872 - d. 1950)
- Finances -
10 Apr 1938 -  1 Nov 1938  Paul Marchandeau (3rd time)        (s.a.)
 1 Nov 1938 - 21 Mar 1940  Paul Reynaud (2nd time)            (s.a.)
21 Mar 1940 -  5 Jun 1940  Lucien Lamoureux                   (b. 1888 - d. 1970)
 5 Jun 1940 - 18 Apr 1942  Yves Bouthillier                   (b. 1901 - d. 1977)
18 Apr 1942 - 20 Aug 1944  Pierre Cathala                     (b. 1888 - d. 1947)
Commissioners (Free French government)
- Economy and Finances -
24 Sep 1941 - 17 Oct 1942  René Pleven                        (b. 1901 - d. 1993)
17 Oct 1942 -  7 Jun 1943  André Diethelm                     (b. 1896 - d. 1954)
- Finances -
 7 Jun 1943 -  9 Nov 1943  Maurice Couve de Murville          (b. 1907 - d. 1999)
 9 Nov 1943 -  4 Sep 1944  Pierre Mendès-France               (b. 1907 - d. 1982)
Ministers
- Finances -
 4 Sep 1944 -  9 Nov 1944  Aimé Lepercq                       (b. 1889 - d. 1944)
16 Nov 1944 - 26 Jan 1946  René Pleven                        (s.a.)
26 Jan 1946 - 24 Jun 1946  André Philip (1st time)            (b. 1902 - d. 1970)
24 Jun 1946 - 18 Dec 1946  Robert Schuman (1st time)          (b. 1886 - d. 1963)
- Familial Economy and Finances -
18 Dec 1946 - 22 Jan 1947  André Philip (2nd time)            (s.a.)
- Finances -
22 Jan 1947 - 24 Nov 1947  Robert Schuman (2nd time)          (s.a.)
- Economical Affairs -
22 Oct 1947 - 24 Nov 1947  Jules Moch                         (b. 1893 - d. 1985)
- Finances and Economical Affairs -
24 Nov 1947 - 26 Jul 1948  René Mayer (1st time)              (b. 1895 - d. 1972)
26 Jul 1948 -  5 Sep 1948  Paul Reynaud                       (b. 1878 - d. 1966)
 5 Sep 1948 - 11 Sep 1948  Christian Pineau                   (b. 1904 - d. 1995)
11 Sep 1948 - 12 Jan 1949  Henri Queuille                     (b. 1884 - d. 1970)
12 Jan 1949 - 11 Aug 1951  Maurice Petsche                    (b. 1893 - d. 1951)
11 Aug 1951 - 20 Jan 1952  René Mayer (2nd time)              (s.a.)
- Finances -
20 Jan 1952 -  8 Mar 1952  Edgar Faure (1st time)             (b. 1908 - d. 1988)
- Economical Affairs -
20 Jan 1952 -  8 Mar 1952  Robert Buron (1st time)            (b. 1910 - d. 1973)
- Finances and Economical Affairs -
 8 Mar 1952 -  8 Jan 1953  Antoine Pinay (1st time)           (b. 1891 - d. 1994)
- Finances -
 8 Jan 1953 - 28 Jun 1953  Maurice Bourgès-Maunoury           (b. 1914 - d. 1993)
- Economical Affairs -
 8 Jan 1953 - 28 Jun 1953  Robert Buron (2nd time)            (s.a.)
- Finances and Economical Affairs -
28 Jun 1953 - 20 Jan 1955  Edgar Faure (2nd time)             (s.a.)
20 Jan 1955 - 23 Feb 1955  Robert Buron (3rd time)            (s.a.)
23 Feb 1955 -  1 Feb 1956  Pierre Pflimlin (1st time)         (b. 1907 - d. 2000)
- Financial and Economical Affairs -
 1 Feb 1956 - 14 Feb 1956  Robert Lacoste                     (b. 1898 - d. 1989)
14 Feb 1956 - 13 Jun 1957  Paul Ramadier                      (b. 1888 - d. 1961)
- Finances and Economical Affairs -
13 Jun 1957 -  6 Nov 1957  Félix Gaillard                     (b. 1919 - d. 1970)
 6 Nov 1957 - 14 May 1958  Pierre Pflimlin (2nd time)         (s.a.)
14 May 1958 -  1 Jun 1958  Edgar Faure (3rd time)             (s.a.)
- Finances -
 1 Jun 1958 - 23 Jul 1958  Antoine Pinay (2nd time)           (s.a.)
- Finances and Economical Affairs -
23 Jul 1958 - 13 Jan 1960  Antoine Pinay                      (s.a.)
13 Jan 1960 - 19 Jan 1962  Wilfrid Baumgartner                (b. 1902 - d. 1978)
19 Jan 1962 -  8 Jan 1966  Valéry Giscard d'Estaing
                           (1st time)                         (b. 1926)
- Economy and Finances -
 8 Jan 1966 - 31 May 1968  Michel Debré                       (b. 1912 - d. 1996)
31 May 1968 - 10 Jul 1968  Maurice Couve de Murville          (s.a.)
10 Jul 1968 - 16 Jun 1969  François-Xavier Ortoli             (b. 1925 - d. 2007)
16 Jun 1969 - 28 May 1974  Valéry Giscard d'Estaing
                           (2nd time)                         (s.a.)
28 May 1974 - 27 Aug 1976  Jean-Pierre Fourcade               (b. 1929)
27 Aug 1976 -  5 Apr 1978  Raymond Barre                      (b. 1924 - d. 2007)
- Economy -
 5 Apr 1978 - 22 May 1981  René Monory                        (b. 1923 - d. 2009)
22 May 1981 - 22 Mar 1983  Jacques Delors                     (b. 1925)
- Economy and Finances -
22 Mar 1983 - 19 Jul 1984  Jacques Delors                     (s.a.)
19 Jul 1984 - 20 Mar 1986  Pierre Bérégovoy (1st time)        (b. 1925 - d. 1993)
- Economy, Finances, and Privatization -
20 Mar 1986 - 12 May 1988  Édouard Balladur                   (b. 1929)
12 May 1988 -  2 Apr 1992  Pierre Bérégovoy (2nd time)        (s.a.)
 2 Apr 1992 - 29 Mar 1993  Michel Sapin (1st time)            (b. 1952)
- Economy -
29 Mar 1993 - 18 May 1995  Edmond Alphandéry                  (b. 1943)
- Economy and Finances -
18 May 1995 - 25 Aug 1995  Alain Madelin                      (b. 1946)
25 Aug 1995 -  4 Jun 1997  Jean Arthuis                       (b. 1944)
 4 Jun 1997 -  2 Nov 1999  Dominique Strauss-Kahn             (b. 1949)
 2 Nov 1999 - 28 Mar 2000  Christian Sautter                  (b. 1940)
28 Mar 2000 -  7 May 2002  Laurent Fabius                     (b. 1946)
 7 May 2002 - 31 Mar 2004  Francis Mer                        (b. 1939)
31 Mar 2004 - 29 Nov 2004  Nicolas Sarkozy                    (b. 1955)
29 Nov 2004 - 25 Feb 2005  Hervé Gaymard                      (b. 1960)
25 Feb 2005 - 18 May 2007  Thierry Breton                     (b. 1955)
18 May 2007 - 19 Jun 2007  Jean-Louis Borloo                  (b. 1951)
19 Jun 2007 - 18 Mar 2008  Christine Lagarde (f)              (b. 1956)
- Economy -
18 Mar 2008 - 14 Nov 2010  Christine Lagarde (f)              (s.a.)
- Economy and Finances -
14 Nov 2010 - 29 Jun 2011  Christine Lagarde (f)              (s.a.)
29 Jun 2011 - 16 May 2012  François Baroin                    (b. 1965)
16 May 2012 -  2 Apr 2014  Pierre Moscovici                   (b. 1957)
- Finances and Public Accounts -
 2 Apr 2014 -              Michel Sapin (2nd time)            (s.a.)

National Economy

Ministers
13 Dec 1930 - 27 Jan 1931  Louis Loucheur                     (b. 1872 - d. 1931)
 4 Jun 1936 - 22 Jun 1937  Charles Spinasse                   (b. 1893 - d. 1979)
10 Apr 1938 - 15 Sep 1939  Raymond Patenôtre                  (b. 1900 - d. 1951)
23 Feb 1941 - 18 Apr 1942  Yves Bouthillier                   (b. 1901 - d. 1977)
18 Apr 1942 - 20 Aug 1944  Pierre Cathala                     (b. 1888 - d. 1947)
 4 Sep 1944 -  6 Apr 1945  Pierre Mendès-France               (b. 1907 - d. 1982)
 6 Apr 1945 - 21 Nov 1945  René Pleven                        (b. 1901 - d. 1993)
21 Nov 1945 - 26 Jan 1946  François Billoux                   (b. 1903 - d. 1978)
26 Jan 1946 - 24 Jun 1946  André Philip (1st time)            (b. 1902 - d. 1970)
24 Jun 1946 - 16 Dec 1946  François de Menthon                (b. 1900 - d. 1984)
22 Jan 1947 - 22 Oct 1947  André Philip (2nd time)            (s.a.)

Budget

Ministers
29 Oct 1925 - 28 Nov 1925  Georges Bonnet                     (b. 1889 - d. 1973)
21 Feb 1930 -  2 Mar 1930  Maurice Palmade (1st time)         (b. 1886 - d. 1955)
 2 Mar 1930 - 13 Dec 1930  Louis Germain-Martin               (b. 1872 - d. 1948)
13 Dec 1930 - 27 Jan 1931  Maurice Palmade (2nd time)         (s.a.)
27 Jan 1931 - 20 Feb 1932  François Piétri                    (b. 1882 - d. 1966)
 3 Jun 1932 - 18 Dec 1932  Maurice Palmade (3rd time)         (s.a.)
31 Jan 1933 - 26 Oct 1933  Lucien Lamoureux                   (b. 1888 - d. 1970)
26 Oct 1933 - 26 Nov 1933  Abel Gardey                        (b. 1882 - d. 1957)
26 Nov 1933 - 30 Jan 1934  Paul Marchandeau                   (b. 1882 - d. 1968)
13 Mar 1938 - 10 Apr 1938  Charles Spinasse                   (b. 1893 - d. 1979)
 2 Jul 1950 - 11 Aug 1951  Edgar Faure                        (b. 1908 - d. 1988)
11 Aug 1951 -  8 Mar 1952  Pierre Courant                     (b. 1897 - d. 1965)
 8 Jan 1953 - 28 Jun 1953  Jean Moreau                        (b. 1888 - d. 1972)
 5 Apr 1978 - 22 May 1981  Maurice Papon                      (b. 1910 - d. 2007)
22 Mar 1983 - 19 Jul 1984  Jacques Delors                     (b. 1925)
19 Jul 1984 - 20 Mar 1986  Pierre Bérégovoy (1st time)        (b. 1925 - d. 1993)
10 May 1988 -  2 Apr 1992  Pierre Bérégovoy (2nd time)        (s.a.)
 2 Apr 1992 -  2 Oct 1992  Michel Charasse                    (b. 1941)
 2 Oct 1992 - 29 Mar 1993  Martin Malvy                       (b. 1936)
29 Mar 1993 - 18 May 1995  Nicolas Sarkozy                    (b. 1955)
- Budget and Public Accounts -
18 May 2007 - 22 Mar 2010  Eric Woerth                        (b. 1956)
22 Mar 2010 - 29 Jun 2011  François Baroin                    (b. 1965)
29 Jun 2011 - 16 May 2012  Valérie Pécresse (f)               (b. 1967)

Consumption

Ministers
23 Jun 1981 - 22 Mar 1983  Catherine Lalumière (f)            (b. 1935)
29 Nov 2004 -  2 Jun 2005  Christian Jacob                    (b. 1959)

Industry

Ministers
- Industrial Production -
14 Jul 1940 - 23 Feb 1941  René Belin                         (b. 1898 - d. 1977)
23 Feb 1941 - 18 Jul 1941  Pierre Pucheu                      (b. 1899 - d. 1944)
18 Jul 1941 - 18 Apr 1942  François Lehideux                  (b. 1903 - d. 1998)
18 Apr 1942 - 20 Aug 1944  Jean Bichelonne                    (b. 1904 - d. 1944)
Commissioners (Free French government)
- Production -
 7 Jun 1943 -  4 Apr 1944  André Diethelm                     (b. 1896 - d. 1954)
 4 Apr 1944 -  4 Sep 1944  Paul Giacobbi                      (b. 1896 - d. 1951)
Ministers
- Industrial Production -
 4 Sep 1944 - 21 Nov 1945  Robert Lacoste (1st time)          (b. 1898 - d. 1989)
21 Nov 1945 - 16 Dec 1946  Marcel Paul                        (b. 1900 - d. 1982)
16 Dec 1946 - 11 Aug 1947  Robert Lacoste (2nd time)          (s.a.)
- Industry -
11 Aug 1947 -  7 Feb 1950  Robert Lacoste                     (s.a.)
 7 Feb 1950 - 20 Jan 1952  Jean-Marie Louvel                  (b. 1900 - d. 1970)
- Industry and Energy -
20 Jan 1952 -  8 Mar 1952  Jean-Marie Louvel                  (s.a.)
- Industry -
 8 Mar 1952 -  8 Jan 1953  Jean-Marie Louvel                  (s.a.)
- Industry and Energy -
 8 Jan 1953 - 28 Jun 1953  Jean-Marie Louvel                  (s.a.)
- Industry -
28 Jun 1953 - 19 Jun 1954  Jean-Marie Louvel                  (s.a.)
19 Jun 1954 -  3 Sep 1954  Maurice Bourgès-Maunoury           (b. 1914 - d. 1993)
 3 Sep 1954 - 23 Feb 1955  Henri Ulver                        (b. 1901 - d. 1962)
23 Feb 1955 - 14 Feb 1956  André Morice                       (b. 1900 - d. 1990)
 6 Nov 1957 -  9 Jun 1958  Paul Ribeyre                       (b. 1906 - d. 1988)
 9 Jun 1958 -  8 Jan 1959  Édouard Ramonet                    (b. 1909 - d. 1980)
 8 Jan 1959 - 15 Apr 1962  Jean-Marcel Jeanneney              (b. 1910 - d. 2010)
15 Apr 1962 -  8 Jan 1966  Michel Maurice-Bokanowski          (b. 1912 - d. 2005)
 8 Jan 1966 -  6 Apr 1967  Raymond Marcellin                  (b. 1914 - d. 2004)
 6 Apr 1967 - 31 May 1968  Olivier Guichard                   (b. 1920 - d. 2004)
31 May 1968 - 10 Jul 1968  Albin Chalandon                    (b. 1920)
10 Jul 1968 - 22 Jun 1969  André Bettencourt                  (b. 1919 - d. 2007)
- Industrial and Scientific Development -
22 Jun 1969 -  6 Jul 1972  François-Xavier Ortoli             (b. 1925 - d. 2007)
 6 Jul 1972 -  1 Mar 1974  Jean Charbonnel                    (b. 1927 - d. 2014)
- Industry -
 1 Mar 1974 - 28 May 1974  Yves Guéna                         (b. 1922)
28 May 1974 - 30 Mar 1977  Michel d'Ornano                    (b. 1924 - d. 1991)
30 Mar 1977 -  5 Apr 1978  René Monory                        (b. 1923 - d. 2009)
 5 Apr 1978 - 22 May 1981  André Giraud                       (b. 1925 - d. 1997)
22 May 1981 - 23 Jun 1981  Pierre Joxe                        (b. 1934)
23 Jun 1981 - 29 Jun 1982  Pierre Dreyfus                     (b. 1907 - d. 1994)
29 Jun 1982 - 22 Mar 1983  Jean-Pierre Chevènement            (b. 1939)
22 Mar 1983 - 17 Jul 1984  Laurent Fabius (1st time)          (b. 1946)
- Industrial Redeployment -
17 Jul 1984 - 20 Mar 1986  Edith Cresson (f)                  (b. 1934)
- Industry -
20 Mar 1986 - 12 May 1988  Alain Madelin                      (b. 1946)
12 May 1988 -  2 Apr 1992  Roger Fauroux                      (b. 1926)
 2 Apr 1992 - 29 Mar 1993  Dominique Strauss-Kahn (1st time)  (b. 1949)
29 Mar 1993 - 17 Oct 1994  Gérard Longuet                     (b. 1946)
17 Oct 1994 - 18 May 1995  José Rossi                         (b. 1944)
18 May 1995 -  7 Nov 1995  Yves Galland                       (b. 1941)
 7 Nov 1995 -  4 Jun 1997  Franck Borotra                     (b. 1937)
 4 Jun 1997 -  2 Nov 1999  Dominique Strauss-Kahn (2nd time)  (s.a.)
 2 Nov 1999 - 28 Mar 2000  Christian Sautter                  (b. 1940)
28 Mar 2000 -  7 May 2002  Laurent Fabius (2nd time)          (s.a.)
 7 May 2002 - 31 Mar 2004  Francis Mer                        (b. 1939)
31 Mar 2004 - 29 Nov 2004  Nicolas Sarkozy                    (b. 1955)
29 Nov 2004 - 25 Feb 2005  Hervé Gaymard                      (b. 1960)
25 Feb 2005 - 18 May 2007  Thierry Breton                     (b. 1955)
18 Mar 2008 - 29 Jun 2011  Christine Lagarde (f)              (b. 1956)
29 Jun 2011 - 16 May 2012  François Baroin                    (b. 1965)
- Industrial Revival -
16 May 2012 -  2 Apr 2014  Arnaud Montebourg                  (b. 1962)
- Economy, Industrial Revival, and Information Technology -
 2 Apr 2014 - 26 Aug 2014  Arnaud Montebourg                  (s.a.)
- Economy, Industry, and Information Technology -
26 Aug 2014 -              Emmanuel Macron                    (b. 1977)

Labour

Ministers
14 Mar 1906 - 25 Oct 1906  Gaston Doumergue                   (b. 1863 - d. 1937)
- Labour and Social Security Provisions -
25 Oct 1906 -  3 Nov 1910  René Viviani                       (b. 1863 - d. 1925)
 9 Nov 1910 -  2 Mar 1911  Louis Lafferre                     (b. 1861 - d. 1929)
 2 Mar 1911 - 27 Jun 1911  Joseph Paul-Boncour                (b. 1873 - d. 1972)
27 Jun 1911 - 14 Jan 1912  René Renoult                       (b. 1867 - d. 1946)
14 Jan 1912 - 21 Jan 1913  Léon Bourgeois (1st time)          (b. 1851 - d. 1925)
21 Jan 1913 - 22 Mar 1913  René Besnard                       (b. 1879 - d. 1952)
22 Mar 1913 -  9 Dec 1913  Henry Chéron                       (b. 1867 - d. 1936)
 9 Dec 1913 -  9 Jun 1914  Albert Métin (1st time)            (b. 1871 - d. 1918)
 9 Jun 1914 - 13 Jun 1914  Jean-Baptiste Abel                 (b. 1863 - d. 1921)
13 Jun 1914 - 26 Aug 1914  Maurice Couyba                     (b. 1866 - d. 1931)
26 Aug 1914 - 29 Oct 1915  Jean-Baptiste Bienvenu-Martin      (b. 1847 - d. 1943)
29 Oct 1915 - 12 Dec 1916  Albert Métin (2nd time)            (s.a.)
12 Dec 1916 - 20 Mar 1917  Étienne Clémentel                  (b. 1864 - d. 1936)
20 Mar 1917 - 12 Sep 1917  Léon Bourgeois (2nd time)          (s.a.)
12 Sep 1917 - 16 Nov 1917  André Renard                       (b. 1861 - d. 1944)
16 Nov 1917 -  2 Dec 1919  Pierre Colliard                    (b. 1852 - d. 1925)
 2 Dec 1919 - 20 Jan 1920  Paul Jourdain (1st time)           (b. 1878 - d. 1948)
- Labour -
20 Jan 1920 - 16 Jan 1921  Paul Jourdain                      (s.a.)
16 Jan 1921 - 15 Jan 1922  Charles Daniel-Vincent (1st time)  (b. 1874 - d. 1960)
15 Jan 1922 - 29 Mar 1924  Albert Peyronnet                   (b. 1862 - d. 1958)
- Labour and Hygiene -
29 Mar 1924 -  9 Jun 1924  Charles Daniel-Vincent (2nd time)  (s.a.)
 9 Jun 1924 - 14 Jun 1924  Paul Jourdain (2nd time)           (s.a.)
- Labour, Hygiene, Welfare Work, and Social Security Provisions -
14 Jun 1924 - 17 Apr 1925  Justin Godart                      (b. 1871 - d. 1956)
17 Apr 1925 - 19 Jul 1926  Antoine Durafour                   (b. 1876 - d. 1932)
19 Jul 1926 - 23 Jul 1926  Louis Pasquet                      (b. 1867 - d. 1931)
23 Jul 1926 -  1 Jun 1928  André Fallières                    (b. 1875 - d. 1968)
 1 Jun 1928 -  2 Mar 1930  Louis Loucheur                     (b. 1872 - d. 1931)
- Labour and Social Security Provisions -
 2 Mar 1930 - 13 Dec 1930  Pierre Laval (1st time)            (b. 1883 - d. 1945)
13 Dec 1930 - 27 Jan 1931  Édouard Grinda                     (b. 1866 - d. 1959)
27 Jan 1931 - 20 Feb 1932  Adolphe Landry                     (b. 1874 - d. 1956)
20 Feb 1932 -  3 Jun 1932  Pierre Laval (2nd time)            (s.a.)
 3 Jun 1932 - 31 Jan 1933  Albert Dalimier                    (b. 1875 - d. 1936)
31 Jan 1933 - 15 Oct 1933  François Albert                    (b. 1877 - d. 1933)
26 Oct 1933 - 26 Nov 1933  Eugène Frot (1st time)             (b. 1893 - d. 1983)
26 Nov 1933 -  9 Jan 1934  Lucien Lamoureux                   (b. 1888 - d. 1970)
 9 Jan 1934 - 30 Jan 1934  Eugène Frot (2nd time)             (s.a.)
30 Jan 1934 -  6 Feb 1934  Jean Valadier                      (b. 1878 - d. 1959)
- Labour -
 9 Feb 1934 -  8 Nov 1934  Adrien Marquet                     (b. 1884 - d. 1955)
 8 Nov 1934 -  1 Jun 1935  Paul Jacquier                      (b. 1879 - d. 1961)
 1 Jun 1935 -  4 Jun 1936  Ludovic-Oscar Frossard             (b. 1889 - d. 1946)
 4 Jun 1936 - 22 Jun 1937  Jean-Baptiste Lebas                (b. 1878 - d. 1944)
22 Jun 1937 - 18 Jan 1938  André Février (1st time)           (b. 1885 - d. 1961)
18 Jan 1938 - 13 Mar 1938  Paul Ramadier (1st time)           (b. 1888 - d. 1961)
13 Mar 1938 - 10 Apr 1938  Albert Sérol                       (b. 1877 - d. 1961)
10 Apr 1938 - 21 Aug 1938  Paul Ramadier (2nd time)           (s.a.)
23 Aug 1938 - 16 Jun 1940  Charles Pomaret (1st time)         (b. 1897 - d. 1984)
16 Jun 1940 - 27 Jun 1940  André Février (2nd time)           (s.a.)
27 Jun 1940 - 12 Jul 1940  Charles Pomaret (2nd time)         (s.a.)
14 Jul 1940 - 18 Apr 1942  René Belin                         (b. 1898 - d. 1977)
18 Apr 1942 - 21 Nov 1943  Hubert Lagardelle                  (b. 1874 - d. 1958)
21 Nov 1943 - 16 Mar 1944  Jean Bichelonne                    (b. 1904 - d. 1944)
- Labour and National Solidarity -
16 Mar 1944 - 20 Aug 1944  Marcel Déat                        (b. 1894 - d. 1955)
Commissioners (Free French government)
- Labour -
24 Sep 1941 - 28 Jul 1942  André Diethelm                     (b. 1896 - d. 1954)
28 Jul 1942 -  7 Jun 1943  André Philip                       (b. 1902 - d. 1970)
- Labour and Social Security Provisions -
 7 Jun 1943 -  9 Nov 1943  Adrien Tixier                      (b. 1893 - d. 1946)
Ministers
- Labour and Social Security -
10 Sep 1944 - 21 Nov 1945  Alexandre Parodi                   (b. 1901 - d. 1979)
- Labour -
21 Nov 1945 - 26 Jan 1946  Ambroise Croizat (1st time)        (b. 1901 - d. 1951)
- Labour and Social Security -
26 Jan 1946 - 16 Dec 1946  Ambroise Croizat                   (s.a.)
16 Dec 1946 - 22 Jan 1947  Daniel Mayer (1st time)            (b. 1909 - d. 1996)
22 Jan 1947 -  4 May 1947  Ambroise Croizat (2nd time)        (s.a.)
 4 May 1947 -  9 May 1947  Robert Lacoste (interim)           (b. 1898 - d. 1989)
 9 May 1947 - 22 Oct 1947  Daniel Mayer (2nd time)            (s.a.)
24 Nov 1947 - 28 Oct 1949  Daniel Mayer (3rd time)            (s.a.)
28 Oct 1949 -  7 Feb 1950  Pierre Segelle                     (b. 1899 - d. 1960)
 7 Feb 1950 -  8 Mar 1952  Paul Bacon (1st time)              (b. 1907 - d. 1999)
 8 Mar 1952 -  8 Jan 1953  Pierre Garet                       (b. 1905 - d. 1972)
 8 Jan 1953 - 19 Jun 1954  Paul Bacon (2nd time)              (s.a.)
19 Jun 1954 -  3 Sep 1954  Eugène Claudius-Petit              (b. 1907 - d. 1989)
 3 Sep 1954 - 23 Feb 1955  Louis Aujoulat                     (b. 1910 - d. 1973)
23 Feb 1955 -  1 Feb 1956  Paul Bacon (3rd time)              (s.a.)
 6 Nov 1957 -  1 Jun 1958  Paul Bacon (4th time)              (s.a.)
- Labour -
 1 Jun 1958 - 15 May 1962  Paul Bacon                         (s.a.)
15 May 1962 -  8 Jan 1966  Gilbert Grandval                   (b. 1904 - d. 1981)
- Labour, Employment, and Population -
 6 Apr 1967 -  2 Apr 1973  Joseph Fontanet                    (b. 1921 - d. 1980)
 2 Apr 1973 - 28 May 1974  Georges Gorse                      (b. 1915 - d. 2002)
- Labour -
28 May 1974 - 25 Aug 1976  Michel Durafour                    (b. 1920)
25 Aug 1976 -  5 Apr 1978  Christian Beullac                  (b. 1923 - d. 1986)
- Labour and Participation -
 5 Apr 1978 - 29 Oct 1979  Robert Boulin                      (b. 1920 - d. 1979)
29 Oct 1979 - 22 May 1981  Jean Mattéoli                      (b. 1922 - d. 2008)
- Labour -
22 May 1981 - 22 Mar 1983  Jean Auroux                        (b. 1942)
- Vocational Training -
22 Jun 1981 - 17 Jul 1984  Marcel Rigout                      (b. 1928 - d. 2014)
- Labour, Employment, and Vocational Training -
17 Jul 1984 - 20 Mar 1986  Michel Delebarre (1st time)        (b. 1946)
- Employment -
20 Mar 1986 - 12 May 1988  Philippe Séguin                    (b. 1943 - d. 2010)
12 May 1988 - 22 Jun 1988  Michel Delebarre (2nd time)        (s.a.)
- Labour, Employment, and Vocational Training -
22 Jun 1988 - 16 May 1991  Jean-Pierre Soisson                (b. 1934)
16 May 1991 - 29 Mar 1993  Martine Aubry (f) (1st time)       (b. 1950)
29 Mar 1993 - 18 May 1995  Michel Giraud                      (b. 1929 - d. 2011)
- Labour, Social Dialogue, and Participation -
18 May 1995 -  7 Nov 1995  Jacques Barrot (1st time)          (b. 1937)
- Vocational Training -
18 May 1995 -  4 Jun 1997  François Bayrou                    (b. 1951)
- Labour -
 7 Nov 1995 -  4 Jun 1997  Jacques Barrot (2nd time)          (s.a.)
- Employment -
 4 Jun 1997 - 18 Oct 2000  Martine Aubry (f) (2nd time)       (s.a.)
18 Oct 2000 -  7 May 2002  Elisabeth Guigou (f)               (b. 1946)
- Labour -
 7 May 2002 - 31 Mar 2004  François Fillon                    (b. 1954)
- Labour and Employment -
31 Mar 2004 -  2 Jun 2005  Jean-Louis Borloo                  (b. 1951)
- Employment -
 2 Jun 2005 - 19 Jun 2007  Jean-Louis Borloo                  (s.a.)
19 Jun 2007 - 14 Nov 2010  Christine Lagarde (f)              (b. 1956)
- Labour -
18 May 2007 - 15 Jan 2009  Xavier Bertrand (1st time)         (b. 1965)
15 Jan 2009 - 23 Jun 2009  Brice Hortefeux                    (b. 1958)
23 Jun 2009 - 22 Mar 2010  Xavier Darcos                      (b. 1947)
22 Mar 2010 - 14 Nov 2010  Eric Woerth                        (b. 1956)
- Labour and Employment -
14 Nov 2010 - 16 May 2012  Xavier Bertrand (2nd time)         (s.a.)
- Labour, Employment, and Social Dialogue -
16 May 2012 -  2 Apr 2014  Michel Sapin                       (b. 1952)
 2 Apr 2014 -              François Rebsamen                  (b. 1951)

Justice

Ministers
 4 Sep 1870 - 19 Feb 1871  Adolphe Crémieux (2nd time)        (b. 1796 - d. 1880)
19 Feb 1871 - 25 May 1873  Jules Armand Dufaure (1st time)    (b. 1798 - d. 1881)
25 May 1873 - 26 Nov 1873  Jean Ernoul                        (b. 1829 - d. 1899)
26 Nov 1873 - 22 May 1874  Octave Depeyre                     (b. 1825 - d. 1891)
22 May 1874 - 10 Mar 1875  Adrien Tailhand                    (b. 1810 - d. 1889)
10 Mar 1875 - 12 Dec 1876  Jules Armand Dufaure (2nd time)    (s.a.)
12 Dec 1876 - 17 May 1877  Louis Martel                       (b. 1813 - d. 1892)
17 May 1877 - 23 Nov 1877  Albert, duc de Broglie             (b. 1821 - d. 1901)
23 Nov 1877 - 13 Dec 1877  François Le Pelletier              (b. 1826 - d. 1900)
13 Dec 1877 -  4 Feb 1879  Jules Armand Dufaure (3rd time)    (s.a.)
 4 Feb 1879 - 28 Dec 1879  Philippe Le Royer                  (b. 1816 - d. 1897)
28 Dec 1879 - 30 Jan 1882  Jules Cazot                        (b. 1821 - d. 1912)
30 Jan 1882 -  7 Aug 1882  Gustave Humbert                    (b. 1822 - d. 1894)
 7 Aug 1882 - 21 Feb 1883  Paul Devès                         (b. 1837 - d. 1899)
21 Feb 1883 -  6 Apr 1885  Félix Martin-Feuillée              (b. 1830 - d. 1896)
 6 Apr 1885 -  7 Jan 1886  Henri Brisson                      (b. 1835 - d. 1912)
 7 Jan 1886 - 11 Dec 1886  Charles Demôle                     (b. 1828 - d. 1908)
11 Dec 1886 - 30 May 1887  Ferdinand Sarrien (1st time)       (b. 1840 - d. 1915)
30 May 1887 - 30 Nov 1887  Charles Mazeau                     (b. 1825 - d. 1905)
30 Nov 1887 -  3 Apr 1888  Armand Fallières (1st time)
                           (interim to 11 Dec 1887)           (b. 1841 - d. 1931)
 3 Apr 1888 -  5 Feb 1889  Jean-Baptiste Ferrouillat          (b. 1820 - d. 1903)
 5 Feb 1889 - 22 Feb 1889  Edmond Guyot-Dessaigne (1st time)  (b. 1833 - d. 1907)
22 Feb 1889 - 17 Mar 1890  François Thévenet                  (b. 1845 - d. 1910)
17 Mar 1890 - 27 Feb 1892  Armand Fallières (2nd time)        (s.a.)
27 Feb 1892 -  6 Dec 1892  Louis Ricard (1st time)            (b. 1839 - d. 1921)
 6 Dec 1892 - 12 Mar 1893  Léon Bourgeois (1st time)          (b. 1851 - d. 1925)
12 Mar 1893 - 13 Mar 1893  Jules Develle (interim)            (b. 1845 - d. 1919)
13 Mar 1893 -  4 Apr 1893  Léon Bourgeois (2nd time)          (s.a.)
 4 Apr 1893 -  3 Dec 1893  Eugène Guérin (1st time)           (b. 1849 - d. 1929)
 3 Dec 1893 - 30 May 1894  Antonin Dubost                     (b. 1844 - d. 1921)
30 May 1894 - 26 Jan 1895  Eugène Guérin (2nd time)           (s.a.)
26 Jan 1895 -  1 Nov 1895  Ludovic Trarieux                   (b. 1840 - d. 1904)
 1 Nov 1895 - 29 Apr 1896  Louis Ricard (2nd time)            (s.a.)
29 Apr 1896 -  1 Dec 1897  Jean-Baptiste Darlan               (b. 1848 - d. 1912)
 2 Dec 1897 - 28 Jun 1898  Victor Milliard                    (b. 1844 - d. 1921)
28 Jun 1898 -  1 Nov 1898  Ferdinand Sarrien (2nd time)       (s.a.)
 1 Nov 1898 - 22 Jun 1899  Georges Lebret                     (b. 1853 - d. 1927)
22 Jun 1899 -  7 Jun 1902  Ernest Monis                       (b. 1846 - d. 1929)
 7 Jun 1902 - 24 Jan 1905  Ernest Vallé                       (b. 1845 - d. 1920)
24 Jan 1905 - 14 Mar 1906  Joseph Chaumié                     (b. 1849 - d. 1919)
14 Mar 1906 - 25 Oct 1906  Ferdinand Sarrien (3rd time)       (s.a.)
25 Oct 1906 - 31 Dec 1907  Edmond Guyot-Dessaigne (2nd time)  (s.a.)
 4 Jan 1908 - 24 Jul 1909  Aristide Briand (1st time)         (b. 1862 - d. 1932)
24 Jul 1909 -  3 Nov 1910  Louis Barthou (1st time)           (b. 1862 - d. 1934)
 3 Nov 1910 -  2 Mar 1911  Théodore Girard                    (b. 1851 - d. 1918)
 2 Mar 1911 - 27 Jun 1911  Antoine Perrier                    (b. 1836 - d. 1914)
27 Jun 1911 - 14 Jan 1912  Jean Cruppi                        (b. 1855 - d. 1933)
14 Jan 1912 - 21 Jan 1913  Aristide Briand (2nd time)         (s.a.)
21 Jan 1913 - 22 Mar 1913  Louis Barthou (2nd time)           (s.a.)
22 Mar 1913 -  9 Dec 1913  Antony Ratier (1st time)           (b. 1851 - d. 1934)
 9 Dec 1913 -  9 Jun 1914  Jean-Baptiste Bienvenu-Martin
                           (1st time)                         (b. 1847 - d. 1943)
 9 Jun 1914 - 13 Jun 1914  Alexandre Ribot                    (b. 1842 - d. 1923)
13 Jun 1914 - 26 Aug 1914  Jean-Baptiste Bienvenu-Martin
                           (2nd time)                         (s.a.)
26 Aug 1914 - 29 Oct 1915  Aristide Briand (3rd time)         (s.a.)
29 Oct 1915 - 12 Sep 1917  René Viviani                       (b. 1863 - d. 1925)
12 Sep 1917 - 16 Nov 1917  Raoul Péret (1st time)             (b. 1870 - d. 1942)
16 Nov 1917 - 20 Jan 1920  Louis Nail                         (b. 1864 - d. 1920)
20 Jan 1920 - 16 Jan 1921  Gustave L'Hopiteau                 (b. 1860 - d. 1941)
16 Jan 1921 - 15 Jan 1922  Laurent Bonnevay                   (b. 1870 - d. 1957)
15 Jan 1922 -  5 Oct 1922  Louis Barthou (3rd time)           (s.a.)
 5 Oct 1922 - 29 Mar 1924  Maurice Colrat (1st time)          (b. 1871 - d. 1954)
29 Mar 1924 -  9 Jun 1924  Edmond Lefebvre du Prey            (b. 1866 - d. 1955)
 9 Jun 1924 - 14 Jun 1924  Antony Ratier (2nd time)           (s.a.)
14 Jun 1924 - 17 Apr 1925  René Renoult (1st time)            (b. 1867 - d. 1946)
17 Apr 1925 - 11 Oct 1925  Théodore Steeg (1st time)          (b. 1868 - d. 1950)
11 Oct 1925 - 29 Oct 1925  Anatole de Monzie                  (b. 1876 - d. 1947)
29 Oct 1925 - 28 Nov 1925  Camille Chautemps                  (b. 1885 - d. 1963)
28 Nov 1925 -  9 Mar 1926  René Renoult (2nd time)            (s.a.)
 9 Mar 1926 - 19 Jul 1926  Pierre Laval                       (b. 1883 - d. 1945)
19 Jul 1926 - 23 Jul 1926  Maurice Colrat (2nd time)          (s.a.)
23 Jul 1926 -  3 Nov 1929  Louis Barthou (4th time)           (s.a.)
 3 Nov 1929 - 21 Feb 1930  Lucien Hubert                      (b. 1868 - d. 1938)
21 Feb 1930 -  2 Mar 1930  Théodore Steeg (2nd time)          (s.a.)
 2 Mar 1930 - 17 Nov 1930  Raoul Péret (2nd time)             (s.a.)
17 Nov 1930 - 27 Jan 1931  Henry Chéron (1st time)            (b. 1867 - d. 1936)
27 Jan 1931 - 20 Feb 1932  Léon Bérard (1st time)             (b. 1876 - d. 1960)
20 Feb 1932 -  3 Jun 1932  Paul Reynaud (1st time)            (b. 1878 - d. 1966)
 3 Jun 1932 - 18 Dec 1932  René Renoult (3rd time)            (s.a.)
18 Dec 1932 - 31 Jan 1933  Abel Gardey                        (b. 1882 - d. 1957)
31 Jan 1933 - 26 Oct 1933  Eugène Penancier (1st time)        (b. 1873 - d. 1955)
26 Oct 1933 - 26 Nov 1933  Albert Dalimier                    (b. 1875 - d. 1936)
26 Nov 1933 - 27 Jan 1934  Eugène Raynaldy                    (b. 1869 - d. 1938)
30 Jan 1934 -  9 Feb 1934  Eugène Penancier (2nd time)        (s.a.)
 9 Feb 1934 - 15 Oct 1934  Henry Chéron (2nd time)            (s.a.)
15 Oct 1934 -  8 Nov 1934  Henry Lémery                       (b. 1874 - d. 1972)
 8 Nov 1934 -  7 Jun 1935  Georges Pernot                     (b. 1879 - d. 1962)
 7 Jun 1935 -  4 Jun 1936  Léon Bérard (2nd time)             (s.a.)
 4 Jun 1936 - 22 Jun 1937  Marc Rucart (1st time)             (b. 1893 - d. 1964)
22 Jun 1937 - 18 Jan 1938  Vincent Auriol                     (b. 1884 - d. 1966)
18 Jan 1938 - 13 Mar 1938  César Campinchi                    (b. 1882 - d. 1941)
13 Mar 1938 - 10 Apr 1938  Marc Rucart (2nd time)             (s.a.)
10 Apr 1938 -  1 Nov 1938  Paul Reynaud (2nd time)            (s.a.)
 1 Nov 1938 - 13 Sep 1939  Paul Marchandeau                   (b. 1882 - d. 1968)
13 Sep 1939 - 21 Mar 1940  Georges Bonnet                     (b. 1889 - d. 1973)
21 Mar 1940 - 16 Jun 1940  Albert Sérol                       (b. 1877 - d. 1961)
16 Jun 1940 - 12 Jul 1940  Charles Frémicourt                 (b. 1877 - d. 1967)
12 Jul 1940 - 27 Jan 1941  Raphaël Alibert                    (b. 1887 - d. 1963)
27 Jan 1941 - 26 Mar 1943  Joseph Barthélemy                  (b. 1874 - d. 1945)
26 Mar 1943 - 20 Aug 1944  Maurice Gabolde                    (b. 1891 - d. 1972)
Commissioners (Free French government)
24 Sep 1941 -  7 Jun 1943  René Cassin                        (b. 1887 - d. 1976)
 7 Jun 1943 -  4 Sep 1943  Jules Abadie                       (b. 1876 - d. 1953)
 4 Sep 1943 - 10 Sep 1944  François de Menthon                (b. 1900 - d. 1984)
Ministers
10 Sep 1944 - 30 May 1945  François de Menthon                (s.a.)
30 May 1945 - 18 Dec 1946  Pierre-Henri Teitgen               (b. 1908 - d. 1997)
18 Dec 1946 - 22 Jan 1947  Paul Ramadier                      (b. 1888 - d. 1961)
22 Jan 1947 - 26 Jul 1948  André Marie (1st time)             (b. 1897 - d. 1977)
26 Jul 1948 - 11 Sep 1948  Robert Lecourt (1st time)          (b. 1908 - d. 2004)
11 Sep 1948 - 13 Feb 1949  André Marie (2nd time)             (s.a.)
13 Feb 1949 - 28 Oct 1949  Robert Lecourt (2nd time)          (s.a.)
28 Oct 1949 - 11 Aug 1951  René Mayer                         (b. 1895 - d. 1972)
11 Aug 1951 - 20 Jan 1952  Edgar Faure                        (b. 1908 - d. 1988)
20 Jan 1952 - 28 Jun 1953  Léon Martinaud-Deplat              (b. 1899 - d. 1969)
28 Jun 1953 - 19 Jun 1954  Paul Ribeyre                       (b. 1906 - d. 1988)
19 Jun 1954 -  3 Sep 1954  Émile Hugues                       (b. 1901 - d. 1966)
 3 Sep 1954 - 20 Jan 1955  Jean-Michel Guérin de Beaumont     (b. 1896 - d. 1955)
20 Jan 1955 - 23 Feb 1955  Emmanuel Temple                    (b. 1895 - d. 1988)
23 Feb 1955 -  1 Feb 1956  Robert Schuman                     (b. 1886 - d. 1963)
 1 Feb 1956 - 13 Jun 1957  François Mitterrand                (b. 1916 - d. 1996)
13 Jun 1957 -  6 Nov 1957  Édouard Corniglion-Molinier        (b. 1899 - d. 1960)
 6 Nov 1957 -  1 Jun 1958  Robert Lecourt (3rd time)          (s.a.)
 1 Jun 1958 -  8 Jan 1959  Michel Debré                       (b. 1912 - d. 1996)
 8 Jan 1959 - 24 Aug 1961  Edmond Michelet                    (b. 1899 - d. 1970)
24 Aug 1961 - 15 Apr 1962  Bernard Chenot                     (b. 1909 - d. 1995)
15 Apr 1962 -  6 Apr 1967  Jean Foyer                         (b. 1921 - d. 2008)
 6 Apr 1967 - 31 May 1968  Louis Joxe                         (b. 1901 - d. 1991)
31 May 1968 - 28 Apr 1969  René Capitant                      (b. 1901 - d. 1970)
28 Apr 1969 - 22 Jun 1969  Jean-Marcel Jeanneney (interim)    (b. 1910 - d. 2010)
22 Jun 1969 - 16 Mar 1973  René Pleven                        (b. 1901 - d. 1993)
16 Mar 1973 -  6 Apr 1973  Pierre Messmer (interim)           (b. 1916 - d. 2007)
 6 Apr 1973 - 28 May 1974  Jean Taittinger                    (b. 1923 - d. 2012)
28 May 1974 - 27 Aug 1976  Jean Lecanuet                      (b. 1920 - d. 1993)
27 Aug 1976 - 30 Mar 1977  Olivier Guichard                   (b. 1920 - d. 2004)
30 Mar 1977 - 22 May 1981  Alain Peyrefitte                   (b. 1925 - d. 1999)
22 May 1981 - 23 Jun 1981  Maurice Faure                      (b. 1922 - d. 2014)
23 Jun 1981 - 19 Feb 1986  Robert Badinter                    (b. 1928)
19 Feb 1986 - 20 Mar 1986  Michel Crépeau                     (b. 1930 - d. 1999)
20 Mar 1986 - 12 May 1988  Albin Chalandon                    (b. 1920)
12 May 1988 -  2 Oct 1990  Pierre Arpaillange                 (b. 1924)
 2 Oct 1990 -  2 Apr 1992  Henri Nallet                       (b. 1939)
 2 Apr 1992 - 29 Mar 1993  Michel Vauzelle                    (b. 1944)
29 Mar 1993 - 18 May 1995  Pierre Méhaignerie                 (b. 1939)
18 May 1995 -  4 Jun 1997  Jacques Toubon                     (b. 1941)
 4 Jun 1997 - 18 Oct 2000  Elisabeth Guigou (f)               (b. 1946)
18 Oct 2000 -  7 May 2002  Marylise Lebranchu (f)             (b. 1947)
 7 May 2002 -  2 Jun 2005  Dominique Perben                   (b. 1945)
 2 Jun 2005 - 18 May 2007  Pascal Clément                     (b. 1945)
18 May 2007 - 23 Jun 2009  Rachida Dati (f)                   (b. 1965)
- Justice and Liberties -
23 Jun 2009 - 14 Nov 2010  Michèle Alliot-Marie (f)           (b. 1946)
14 Nov 2010 - 16 May 2012  Michel Mercier                     (b. 1947)
- Justice -
16 May 2012 -              Christiane Taubira (f)             (b. 1952)

Marine

Ministers
- Marine and Colonies -
 4 Sep 1870 - 19 Feb 1871  Martin Fourichon (1st time)        (b. 1809 - d. 1884)
19 Feb 1871 - 25 May 1873  Louis Marie Alexis Pothuau
                           (1st time)                         (b. 1815 - d. 1882)
25 May 1873 - 22 May 1874  Charles Dompierre d'Hormoy         (b. 1816 - d. 1901)
22 May 1874 -  9 Mar 1876  Louis Raymond de Montaignac de
                           Chauvance                          (b. 1811 - d. 1891)
- Marine -
 9 Mar 1876 - 12 Dec 1876  Martin Fourichon (2nd time)        (s.a.)
- Marine and Colonies -
12 Dec 1876 - 17 May 1877  Martin Fourichon                   (s.a.)
17 May 1877 - 23 Nov 1877  Albert Gicquel des Touches         (b. 1818 - d. 1901)
23 Nov 1877 - 13 Dec 1877  Albert Roussin                     (b. 1821 - d. 1896)
13 Dec 1877 -  4 Feb 1879  Louis Marie Alexis Pothuau
                           (2nd time)                         (s.a.)
 4 Feb 1879 - 23 Sep 1880  Jean-Bernard Jauréguiberry
                           (1st time)                         (b. 1815 - d. 1887)
23 Sep 1880 - 14 Nov 1881  Georges Charles Cloué              (b. 1817 - d. 1889)
- Colonies -
14 Nov 1881 - 30 Jan 1882  Maurice Rouvier                    (b. 1842 - d. 1911)
- Marine -
14 Nov 1881 - 30 Jan 1882  Auguste Gougeard                   (b. 1827 - d. 1886)
- Marine and Colonies -
30 Jan 1882 - 29 Jan 1883  Jean-Bernard Jauréguiberry
                           (2nd time)                         (s.a.)
31 Jan 1883 - 21 Feb 1883  François de Mahy (1st time)
                           (interim)                          (b. 1830 - d. 1906)
21 Feb 1883 -  9 Aug 1883  Charles Brun                       (b. 1821 - d. 1897)
 9 Aug 1883 -  6 Apr 1885  Alexandre Louis François Peyron    (b. 1823 - d. 1892)
 6 Apr 1885 -  7 Jan 1886  Charles Eugène Galiber             (b. 1824 - d. 1909)
 7 Jan 1886 - 30 May 1887  Théophile Aube                     (b. 1826 - d. 1890)
30 May 1887 - 12 Dec 1887  Édouard Barbey (1st time)          (b. 1831 - d. 1905)
12 Dec 1887 -  5 Jan 1888  François de Mahy (2nd time)        (s.a.)
 5 Jan 1888 - 22 Feb 1889  Jules Krantz (1st time)            (b. 1821 - d. 1914)
22 Feb 1889 - 13 Mar 1889  Benjamin Jaurès                    (b. 1823 - d. 1889)
- Colonies -
14 Mar 1889 - 17 Mar 1890  Pierre Tirard                      (b. 1827 - d. 1893)
17 Mar 1890 -  8 Mar 1892  Jules Roche                        (b. 1841 - d. 1923)
- Marine -
19 Mar 1889 - 10 Nov 1889  Jules Krantz (2nd time)            (s.a.)
10 Nov 1889 - 27 Feb 1892  Édouard Barbey (2nd time)          (s.a.)
27 Feb 1892 -  8 Mar 1892  Godefroy Cavaignac                 (b. 1853 - d. 1905)
- Marine and Colonies -
 8 Mar 1892 - 12 Jul 1892  Godefroy Cavaignac                 (s.a.)
12 Jul 1892 - 11 Jan 1893  Auguste Burdeau                    (b. 1851 - d. 1894)
- Colonies -
11 Jan 1893 -  4 Apr 1893  Jules Siegfried                    (b. 1837 - d. 1922)
 4 Apr 1893 -  3 Dec 1893  Louis Terrier                      (b. 1854 - d. 1895)
 3 Dec 1893 - 20 Mar 1894  Jean Marty                         (b. 1838 - d. 1916)
- Marine -
12 Jan 1893 -  3 Dec 1893  Adrien Barthélemy Louis Henri
                           Rieunier                           (b. 1833 - d. 1918)
 3 Dec 1893 - 30 May 1894  Auguste Alfred Lefèvre             (b. 1828 - d. 1907)
30 May 1894 - 17 Jan 1895  Félix Faure                        (b. 1841 - d. 1899)
28 Jan 1895 -  1 Nov 1895  Armand Louis Charles Gustave
                           Besnard (1st time)                 (b. 1833 - d. 1903)
 1 Nov 1895 - 29 Apr 1896  Édouard Locroy (1st time)          (b. 1838 - d. 1913)
29 Apr 1896 - 28 Jun 1898  Armand Louis Charles Gustave
                           Besnard (2nd time)                 (s.a.)
28 Jun 1898 - 22 Jun 1899  Édouard Locroy (2nd time)          (s.a.)
22 Jun 1899 -  7 Jun 1902  Antoine de Lanessan                (b. 1843 - d. 1919)
 7 Jun 1902 - 24 Jan 1905  Camille Pelletan                   (b. 1846 - d. 1915)
24 Jan 1905 - 22 Oct 1908  Gaston Thomson                     (b. 1848 - d. 1932)
22 Oct 1908 - 24 Jul 1909  Alfred Picard                      (b. 1844 - d. 1913)
24 Jul 1909 -  2 Mar 1911  Auguste Boué de Lapeyrère          (b. 1852 - d. 1924)
 2 Mar 1911 - 21 Jan 1913  Théophile Delcassé                 (b. 1852 - d. 1923)
21 Jan 1913 -  9 Dec 1913  Pierre Baudin                      (b. 1863 - d. 1917)
 9 Dec 1913 - 20 Mar 1914  Ernest Monis                       (b. 1846 - d. 1929)
20 Mar 1914 -  9 Jun 1914  Armand Gauthier de l'Aude
                           (1st time)                         (b. 1850 - d. 1926)
 9 Jun 1914 - 13 Jun 1914  Émile Chautemps                    (b. 1850 - d. 1918)
13 Jun 1914 -  3 Aug 1914  Armand Gauthier de l'Aude
                           (2nd time)                         (s.a.)
 3 Aug 1914 - 29 Oct 1915  Victor Augagneur                   (b. 1855 - d. 1931)
29 Oct 1915 -  2 Aug 1917  Lucien Lacaze                      (b. 1860 - d. 1955)
10 Aug 1917 - 16 Nov 1917  Charles Chaumet                    (b. 1866 - d. 1932)
16 Nov 1917 - 20 Jan 1920  Georges Leygues (1st time)         (b. 1857 - d. 1933)
20 Jan 1920 - 16 Jan 1921  Adolphe Landry                     (b. 1874 - d. 1956)
16 Jan 1921 - 15 Jan 1922  Gabriel Guist'hau                  (b. 1863 - d. 1931)
15 Jan 1922 - 29 Mar 1924  Flaminius Raiberti                 (b. 1862 - d. 1929)
29 Mar 1924 -  9 Jun 1924  Maurice Bokanowski                 (b. 1879 - d. 1928)
 9 Jun 1924 - 14 Jun 1924  Désiré Ferry                       (b. 1886 - d. 1940)
14 Jun 1924 - 17 Apr 1925  Jacques-Louis Dumesnil (1st time)  (b. 1882 - d. 1956)
17 Apr 1925 - 28 Nov 1925  Émile Borel                        (b. 1871 - d. 1956)
28 Nov 1925 - 19 Jul 1926  Georges Leygues (2nd time)         (s.a.)
19 Jul 1926 - 23 Jul 1926  René Renoult                       (b. 1867 - d. 1946)
23 Jul 1926 - 21 Feb 1930  Georges Leygues (3rd time)         (s.a.)
21 Feb 1930 -  2 Mar 1930  Albert Sarraut (1st time)          (b. 1872 - d. 1962)
 2 Mar 1930 - 13 Dec 1930  Jacques-Louis Dumesnil (2nd time)  (s.a.)
- Military Marine -
13 Dec 1930 - 27 Jan 1931  Albert Sarraut (2nd time)          (s.a.)
- Marine -
27 Jan 1931 - 20 Feb 1932  Charles Dumont                     (b. 1867 - d. 1939)
 3 Jun 1932 -  2 Sep 1933  Georges Leygues (4th time)         (s.a.)
 6 Sep 1933 - 30 Jan 1934  Albert Sarraut (3rd time)          (s.a.)
- Military Marine -
30 Jan 1934 -  9 Feb 1934  Louis de Chappedelaine             (b. 1876 - d. 1939)
 9 Feb 1934 -  1 Jun 1935  François Piétri                    (b. 1882 - d. 1966)
- Marine -
 1 Jun 1935 -  4 Jun 1936  François Piétri                    (s.a.)
 4 Jun 1936 - 22 Jun 1937  Alphonse Gasnier-Duparc            (b. 1879 - d. 1945)
22 Jun 1937 - 18 Jan 1938  César Campinchi (1st time)         (b. 1882 - d. 1941)
- Military Marine -
18 Jan 1938 - 13 Mar 1938  William Bertrand                   (b. 1881 - d. 1961)
13 Mar 1938 - 16 Jun 1940  César Campinchi (2nd time)         (s.a.)
- Military and Merchant Marines -
16 Jun 1940 - 12 Jul 1940  François Darlan                    (b. 1881 - d. 1942)
- Marine -
12 Jul 1940 - 18 Apr 1942  François Darlan                    (s.a.)
18 Apr 1942 - 18 Nov 1942  Gabriel Auphan                     (b. 1894 - d. 1982)
18 Nov 1942 - 26 Mar 1943  Jean Abrial                        (b. 1879 - d. 1962)
26 Mar 1943 - 20 Aug 1944  Henri Bléhaut                      (b. 1889 - d. 1962)
Commissioners (Free French government)
24 Sep 1941 -  4 Mar 1942  Émile Muselier                     (b. 1882 - d. 1965)
 4 Mar 1942 -  7 Jun 1943  Philippe Auboyneau                 (b. 1899 - d. 1961)
 9 Nov 1943 - 10 Sep 1944  Louis Jacquinot                    (b. 1898 - d. 1993)
Ministers
10 Sep 1944 - 21 Nov 1945  Louis Jacquinot (1st time)         (s.a.)
22 Jan 1947 - 22 Oct 1947  Louis Jacquinot (2nd time)         (s.a.)

Merchant Marine

Ministers
 3 Nov 1929 - 21 Feb 1930  Louis Rollin (1st time)            (b. 1879 - d. 1952)
21 Feb 1930 -  2 Mar 1930  Charles Daniélou (1st time)        (b. 1878 - d. 1953)
 2 Mar 1930 - 13 Dec 1930  Louis Rollin (2nd time)            (s.a.)
13 Dec 1930 - 27 Jan 1931  Charles Daniélou (2nd time)        (s.a.)
27 Jan 1931 - 20 Feb 1932  Louis de Chappedelaine (1st time)  (b. 1876 - d. 1939)
20 Feb 1932 -  3 Jun 1932  Charles Guernier                   (b. 1870 - d. 1943)
 3 Jun 1932 - 31 Jan 1933  Léon Meyer                         (b. 1868 - d. 1948)
31 Jan 1933 - 26 Oct 1933  Eugène Frot (1st time)             (b. 1893 - d. 1983)
26 Oct 1933 - 26 Nov 1933  Jacques Stern                      (b. 1882 - d. 1949)
26 Nov 1933 -  9 Jan 1934  Eugène Frot (2nd time)             (s.a.)
 9 Jan 1934 - 30 Jan 1934  William Bertrand (1st time)        (b. 1881 - d. 1961)
30 Jan 1934 -  9 Feb 1934  Guy La Chambre                     (b. 1898 - d. 1975)
 9 Feb 1934 -  1 Jun 1935  William Bertrand (2nd time)        (s.a.)
 1 Jun 1935 -  7 Jun 1935  François Piétri (interim)          (b. 1882 - d. 1966)
 7 Jun 1935 - 17 Jun 1935  Mario Roustan                      (b. 1870 - d. 1942)
17 Jun 1935 - 24 Jan 1936  William Bertrand (3rd time)        (s.a.)
24 Jan 1936 -  4 Jun 1936  Louis de Chappedelaine (2nd time)  (s.a.)
18 Jan 1938 - 13 Mar 1938  Paul Elbel                         (b. 1875 - d. 1940)
10 Apr 1938 - 13 Sep 1939  Louis de Chappedelaine (3rd time)  (s.a.)
13 Sep 1939 - 16 Jun 1940  Alphonse Rio                       (b. 1873 - d. 1949)
Commissioners (Free French government)
24 Sep 1941 -  4 Mar 1942  Émile Muselier                     (b. 1882 - d. 1965)
 4 Mar 1942 -  7 Jun 1943  Philippe Auboyneau                 (b. 1889 - d. 1961)
 7 Jun 1943 -  9 Nov 1943  René Mayer                         (b. 1895 - d. 1972)
Ministers
11 Sep 1948 - 28 Oct 1949  André Colin                        (b. 1910 - d. 1978)
 2 Jul 1950 - 12 Jul 1950  Lionel Tinguy du Pouët             (b. 1911 - d. 1981)
12 Jul 1950 - 11 Aug 1951  Gaston Defferre                    (b. 1910 - d. 1986)
11 Aug 1951 -  8 Mar 1952  André Morice                       (b. 1900 - d. 1990)
20 Jan 1955 - 23 Feb 1955  Raymond Schmittlein                (b. 1904 - d. 1974)
23 Feb 1955 -  1 Feb 1956  Paul Antier                        (b. 1905 - d. 1996)

Air

Ministers
14 Sep 1928 - 13 Dec 1930  Laurent Eynac (1st time)           (b. 1886 - d. 1970)
13 Dec 1930 - 27 Jan 1931  Paul Painlevé (1st time)           (b. 1863 - d. 1933)
27 Jan 1931 - 20 Feb 1932  Jacques-Louis Dumesnil             (b. 1882 - d. 1956)
 3 Jun 1932 - 29 Jan 1933  Paul Painlevé (2nd time)           (s.a.)
31 Jan 1933 -  9 Feb 1934  Pierre Cot (1st time)              (b. 1895 - d. 1977)
 9 Feb 1934 - 24 Jan 1936  Victor Denain                      (b. 1880 - d. 1952)
24 Jan 1936 -  4 Jun 1936  Marcel Déat                        (b. 1894 - d. 1955)
 4 Jun 1936 - 18 Jan 1938  Pierre Cot (2nd time)              (s.a.)
18 Jan 1938 - 21 Mar 1940  Guy La Chambre                     (b. 1898 - d. 1975)
21 Mar 1940 - 16 Jun 1940  Laurent Eynac (2nd time)           (s.a.)
16 Jun 1940 - 12 Jul 1940  Bertrand Pujo                      (b. 1878 - d. 1964)
- Aviation -
12 Jul 1940 -  6 Sep 1940  Bertrand Pujo                      (s.a.)
 6 Sep 1940 - 18 Apr 1942  Jean Bergeret                      (b. 1895 - d. 1956)
- Air -
18 Apr 1942 - 20 Aug 1944  Jean-François Jannekeyn            (b. 1892 - d. 1971)
Commissioners (Free French government)
24 Sep 1941 -  7 Jun 1943  Martial Valin                      (b. 1898 - d. 1980)
 9 Nov 1943 -  4 Apr 1944  André Le Troquer                   (b. 1884 - d. 1963)
 4 Apr 1944 - 10 Sep 1944  Fernand Grenier                    (b. 1901 - d. 1992)
Ministers
10 Sep 1944 - 21 Nov 1945  Charles Tillon                     (b. 1897 - d. 1993)
22 Jan 1947 - 22 Oct 1947  André Maroselli                    (b. 1893 - d. 1970)

National Education

Ministers
- Public Instruction -
 5 Sep 1870 - 19 Feb 1871  Jules Simon                        (b. 1814 - d. 1896)
- Public Instruction and Fine Arts -
19 Feb 1873 - 17 May 1873  Jules Simon                        (s.a.)
- Public Instruction -
18 May 1873 - 25 May 1873  William Henry Waddington
                           (1st time)                         (b. 1826 - d. 1894)
- Public Instruction and Fine Arts -
25 May 1873 - 26 Nov 1873  Anselme Batbie                     (b. 1828 - d. 1887)
26 Nov 1873 - 22 May 1874  Oscar Bardi de Fourtou             (b. 1836 - d. 1897)
22 May 1874 - 10 Mar 1875  Arthur de Cumont                   (b. 1818 - d. 1902)
10 Mar 1875 -  9 Mar 1876  Henri Wallon                       (b. 1812 - d. 1904)
- Public Instruction -
 9 Mar 1876 - 17 May 1877  William Henry Waddington
                           (2nd time)                         (s.a.)
- Public Instruction and Fine Arts -
17 May 1877 - 23 Nov 1877  Joseph Brunet                      (b. 1829 - d. 1891)
23 Nov 1877 - 13 Dec 1877  Hervé Faye                         (b. 1814 - d. 1902)
13 Dec 1877 -  4 Feb 1879  Agénor Bardoux                     (b. 1829 - d. 1897)
 4 Feb 1879 - 14 Nov 1881  Jules Ferry (1st time)             (b. 1832 - d. 1893)
- Public Instruction -
14 Nov 1881 - 30 Jan 1882  Paul Bert                          (b. 1833 - d. 1886)
- Public Instruction and Fine Arts -
30 Jan 1882 -  7 Aug 1882  Jules Ferry (2nd time)             (s.a.)
 7 Aug 1882 - 21 Feb 1883  Jules Duvaux                       (b. 1827 - d. 1901)
21 Feb 1883 - 20 Nov 1883  Jules Ferry (3rd time)             (s.a.)
20 Nov 1883 -  6 Apr 1885  Armand Fallières (1st time)        (b. 1841 - d. 1931)
 6 Apr 1885 - 11 Dec 1886  René Goblet                        (b. 1828 - d. 1905)
11 Dec 1886 - 30 May 1887  Marcelin Berthelot                 (b. 1827 - d. 1907)
30 May 1887 - 12 Dec 1887  Eugène Spuller (1st time)          (b. 1835 - d. 1896)
12 Dec 1887 -  3 Apr 1888  Léopold Faye                       (b. 1828 - d. 1900)
 3 Apr 1888 - 22 Feb 1889  Édouard Locroy                     (b. 1838 - d. 1913)
22 Feb 1889 - 17 Mar 1890  Armand Fallières (2nd time)        (s.a.)
17 Mar 1890 -  6 Dec 1892  Léon Bourgeois (1st time)          (b. 1851 - d. 1925)
 6 Dec 1892 -  4 Apr 1893  Charles Dupuy                      (b. 1851 - d. 1923)
 4 Apr 1893 -  3 Dec 1893  Raymond Poincaré (1st time)        (b. 1860 - d. 1934)
 3 Dec 1893 - 30 May 1894  Eugène Spuller (2nd time)          (s.a.)
30 May 1894 - 26 Jan 1895  Georges Leygues (1st time)         (b. 1857 - d. 1933)
26 Jan 1895 -  1 Nov 1895  Raymond Poincaré (2nd time)        (s.a.)
 1 Nov 1895 - 29 Apr 1896  Émile Combes                       (b. 1835 - d. 1921)
29 Apr 1896 - 26 Sep 1896  Alfred Rambaud                     (b. 1842 - d. 1905)
26 Sep 1896 - 28 Jun 1898  Alfred Rambaud                     (s.a.)
28 Jun 1898 -  1 Nov 1898  Léon Bourgeois (2nd time)          (s.a.)
 1 Nov 1898 -  7 Jun 1902  Georges Leygues (2nd time)         (s.a.)
 7 Jun 1902 - 24 Jan 1905  Joseph Chaumié                     (b. 1849 - d. 1919)
24 Jan 1905 - 14 Mar 1906  Jean-Baptiste Bienvenu-Martin      (b. 1847 - d. 1943)
14 Mar 1906 -  4 Jan 1908  Aristide Briand                    (b. 1862 - d. 1932)
 4 Jan 1908 -  3 Nov 1910  Gaston Doumergue                   (b. 1863 - d. 1936)
 3 Nov 1910 -  2 Mar 1911  Maurice Faure                      (b. 1850 - d. 1919)
 2 Mar 1911 - 14 Jan 1912  Théodore Steeg (1st time)          (b. 1868 - d. 1950)
14 Jan 1912 - 21 Jan 1913  Gabriel Guist'hau                  (b. 1863 - d. 1931)
21 Jan 1913 - 22 Mar 1913  Théodore Steeg (2nd time)          (s.a.)
22 Mar 1913 -  9 Dec 1913  Louis Barthou                      (b. 1862 - d. 1934)
 9 Dec 1913 -  9 Jun 1914  René Viviani (1st time)            (b. 1863 - d. 1925)
 9 Jun 1914 - 13 Jun 1914  Arthur Dessoyes                    (b. 1854 - d. 1927)
13 Jun 1914 -  3 Aug 1914  Victor Augagneur                   (b. 1855 - d. 1931)
 3 Aug 1914 - 29 Oct 1915  Albert Sarraut (1st time)          (b. 1872 - d. 1962)
29 Oct 1915 - 15 Nov 1915  Paul Painlevé                      (b. 1863 - d. 1933)
- Public Instruction, Fine Arts, and Inventions for the National Defense -
15 Nov 1915 - 12 Dec 1916  Paul Painlevé                      (s.a.)
- Public Instruction and Fine Arts -
12 Dec 1916 - 20 Mar 1917  René Viviani (2nd time)            (s.a.)
20 Mar 1917 - 12 Sep 1917  Théodore Steeg (3rd time)          (s.a.)
12 Sep 1917 - 16 Nov 1917  Charles Daniel-Vincent             (b. 1874 - d. 1960)
16 Nov 1917 - 27 Nov 1919  Louis Lafferre                     (b. 1861 - d. 1929)
27 Nov 1919 - 20 Jan 1920  Léon Bérard (1st time)             (b. 1876 - d. 1960)
20 Jan 1920 - 16 Jan 1921  André Honnorat                     (b. 1868 - d. 1950)
16 Jan 1921 - 29 Mar 1924  Léon Bérard (2nd time)             (s.a.)
- Public Instruction, Fine Arts, and Technical Education -
29 Mar 1924 -  9 Jun 1924  Henry de Jouvenel                  (b. 1876 - d. 1935)
 9 Jun 1924 - 14 Jun 1924  Adolphe Landry                     (b. 1874 - d. 1956)
- Public Instruction and Fine Arts -
14 Jun 1924 - 17 Apr 1925  François Albert                    (b. 1877 - d. 1933)
17 Apr 1925 - 11 Oct 1925  Anatole de Monzie (1st time)       (b. 1876 - d. 1947)
11 Oct 1925 - 28 Nov 1925  Yvon Delbos (1st time)             (b. 1885 - d. 1956)
28 Nov 1925 -  9 Mar 1926  Édouard Daladier (1st time)        (b. 1884 - d. 1970)
 9 Mar 1926 - 23 Jun 1926  Lucien Lamoureux                   (b. 1888 - d. 1970)
23 Jun 1926 - 19 Jul 1926  Bertrand Nogaro                    (b. 1880 - d. 1950)
19 Jul 1926 - 23 Jul 1926  Édouard Daladier (2nd time)        (s.a.)
23 Jul 1926 - 11 Nov 1928  Édouard Herriot                    (b. 1872 - d. 1957)
11 Nov 1928 - 21 Feb 1930  Pierre Marraud (1st time)          (b. 1861 - d. 1958)
21 Feb 1930 -  2 Mar 1930  Jean Durand                        (b. 1865 - d. 1935)
 2 Mar 1930 - 13 Dec 1930  Pierre Marraud (2nd time)          (s.a.)
13 Dec 1930 - 27 Jan 1931  Camille Chautemps                  (b. 1885 - d. 1963)
27 Jan 1931 -  3 Jun 1932  Mario Roustan (1st time)           (b. 1870 - d. 1942)
- National Education -
 3 Jun 1932 - 30 Jan 1934  Anatole de Monzie (2nd time)       (s.a.)
30 Jan 1934 -  8 Nov 1934  Aimé Berthod                       (b. 1878 - d. 1944)
 8 Nov 1934 -  1 Jun 1935  André Mallarmé                     (b. 1877 - d. 1956)
 1 Jun 1935 -  7 Jun 1935  Mario Roustan (2nd time)           (s.a.)
 7 Jun 1935 - 13 Jun 1935  Philippe Marcombes                 (b. 1877 - d. 1935)
17 Jun 1935 - 24 Jan 1936  Mario Roustan (3rd time)           (s.a.)
24 Jan 1936 -  4 Jun 1936  Henri Guernut                      (b. 1876 - d. 1943)
 4 Jun 1936 - 10 Sep 1939  Jean Zay                           (b. 1904 - d. 1944)
13 Sep 1939 - 21 Mar 1940  Yvon Delbos (2nd time)             (s.a.)
21 Mar 1940 -  5 Jun 1940  Albert Sarraut (2nd time)          (s.a.)
 5 Jun 1940 - 16 Jun 1940  Yvon Delbos (3rd time)             (s.a.)
16 Jun 1940 - 12 Jul 1940  Albert Rivaud                      (b. 1876 - d. 1956)
- Public Instruction -
12 Jul 1940 -  6 Sep 1940  Émile Miraud                       (b. 1885 - d. 1969)
- Public Instruction and Youth -
 6 Sep 1940 - 13 Dec 1940  Georges Ripert                     (b. 1890 - d. 1958)
13 Dec 1940 - 23 Feb 1941  Jacques Chevalier                  (b. 1882 - d. 1952)
- National Education and Youth -
25 Feb 1941 - 18 Apr 1942  Jérôme Carcopino                   (b. 1881 - d. 1970)
- National Education -
18 Apr 1942 - 20 Aug 1944  Abel Bonnard                       (b. 1883 - d. 1968)
Commissioners (Free French government)
- Public Instruction -
24 Sep 1941 -  7 Jun 1943  René Cassin                        (b. 1887 - d. 1976)
- National Education -
 7 Jun 1943 -  9 Nov 1943  Jules Abadie                       (b. 1876 - d. 1953)
 9 Nov 1943 - 10 Sep 1944  René Capitant                      (b. 1901 - d. 1970)
Ministers
- National Education -
10 Sep 1944 - 21 Nov 1945  René Capitant                      (s.a.)
21 Nov 1945 - 26 Jan 1946  Paul Giacobbi                      (b. 1896 - d. 1951)
26 Jan 1946 - 12 Feb 1948  Marcel Edmond Naegelen             (b. 1892 - d. 1978)
12 Feb 1948 - 26 Jul 1948  Édouard Depreux                    (b. 1898 - d. 1981)
26 Jul 1948 -  5 Sep 1948  Yvon Delbos (1st time)             (b. 1885 - d. 1956)
 5 Sep 1948 - 11 Sep 1948  Tony Revillon                      (b. 1891 - d. 1957)
11 Sep 1948 -  2 Jul 1950  Yvon Delbos (2nd time)             (s.a.)
 2 Jul 1950 - 12 Jul 1950  André Morice                       (b. 1900 - d. 1990)
12 Jul 1950 - 11 Aug 1952  Pierre-Olivier Lapie               (b. 1901 - d. 1994)
11 Aug 1952 - 19 Jun 1954  André Marie                        (b. 1897 - d. 1974)
19 Jun 1954 -  1 Feb 1956  Jean Berthoin (1st time)           (b. 1895 - d. 1979)
 1 Feb 1956 - 14 May 1958  René Billères                      (b. 1910 - d. 2004)
14 May 1958 -  1 Jun 1958  Jacques Bordeneuve                 (b. 1908 - d. 1981)
 1 Jun 1958 -  8 Jan 1959  Jean Berthoin (2nd time)           (s.a.)
 8 Jan 1959 - 23 Dec 1959  André Boulloche                    (b. 1915 - d. 1978)
23 Dec 1959 - 15 Jan 1960  Michel Debré (interim)             (b. 1912 - d. 1996)
15 Jan 1960 - 23 Nov 1960  Louis Joxe (1st time)              (b. 1901 - d. 1991)
23 Nov 1960 - 20 Feb 1961  Pierre Guillaumat (interim)        (b. 1909 - d. 1991)
20 Feb 1961 - 15 Apr 1962  Lucien Paye                        (b. 1907 - d. 1972)
15 Apr 1962 - 15 Oct 1962  Pierre Sudreau                     (b. 1919 - d. 2012)
15 Oct 1962 - 28 Nov 1962  Louis Joxe (2nd time) (interim)    (s.a.)
28 Nov 1962 -  6 Apr 1967  Christian Fouchet                  (b. 1911 - d. 1974)
 6 Apr 1967 - 31 May 1968  Alain Peyrefitte                   (b. 1925 - d. 1999)
31 May 1968 - 10 Jul 1968  François-Xavier Ortoli             (b. 1925 - d. 2007)
10 Jul 1968 - 23 Jun 1969  Edgar Faure                        (b. 1908 - d. 1988)
23 Jun 1969 -  7 Jul 1972  Olivier Guichard                   (b. 1920 - d. 2004)
 7 Jul 1972 - 28 May 1974  Joseph Fontanet                    (b. 1921 - d. 1980)
- Education -
28 May 1974 -  5 Apr 1978  René Haby                          (b. 1919 - d. 2003)
 5 Apr 1978 - 22 May 1981  Christian Beullac                  (b. 1923 - d. 1986)
- National Education -
22 May 1981 - 19 Jul 1984  Alain Savary                       (b. 1918 - d. 1988)
19 Jul 1984 - 20 Mar 1986  Jean-Pierre Chevènement            (b. 1939)
20 Mar 1986 - 12 May 1988  René Monory                        (b. 1923 - d. 2009)
12 May 1988 -  2 Apr 1992  Lionel Jospin                      (b. 1937)
 2 Apr 1992 - 29 Mar 1993  Jack Lang (1st time)               (b. 1939)
29 Mar 1993 -  4 Jun 1997  François Bayrou                    (b. 1951)
 4 Jun 1997 - 28 Mar 2000  Claude Allègre                     (b. 1937)
28 Mar 2000 -  7 May 2002  Jack Lang (2nd time)               (s.a.)
- National Education and Youth -
 7 May 2002 - 31 Mar 2004  Luc Ferry                          (b. 1951)
- National Education -
31 Mar 2004 -  2 Jun 2005  François Fillon                    (b. 1954)
 2 Jun 2005 - 18 May 2007  Gilles de Robien                   (b. 1941)
18 May 2007 - 23 Jun 2009  Xavier Darcos                      (b. 1947)
23 Jun 2009 - 16 May 2012  Luc Chatel                         (b. 1964)
16 May 2012 -  2 Apr 2014  Vincent Peillon                    (b. 1960)
 2 Apr 2014 - 26 Aug 2014  Benoît Hamon                       (b. 1967)
26 Aug 2014 -              Najat Vallaud-Belkacem (f)         (b. 1977)

Arts

Minister
14 Nov 1881 - 30 Jan 1882  Antonin Proust                     (b. 1832 - d. 1905)

Universities

Minister
 5 Apr 1978 - 22 May 1981  Alice Saunier-Seïté (f)            (b. 1925 - d. 2003)

Veterans

Ministers
- War Pensions, Grants and Allowances -
20 Jan 1920 - 15 Jan 1922  André Maginot                      (b. 1877 - d. 1932)
- Pensions -
14 Apr 1924 - 17 Apr 1925  Édouard Amédée Bovier-Lapierre     (b. 1883 - d. 1958)
17 Apr 1925 - 28 Nov 1925  Louis Antériou (1st time)          (b. 1887 - d. 1931)
28 Nov 1925 - 19 Jul 1926  Paul Jourdain                      (b. 1878 - d. 1948)
19 Jul 1926 - 23 Jul 1926  Georges Bonnet                     (b. 1889 - d. 1973)
23 Jul 1926 - 11 Nov 1928  Louis Marin                        (b. 1871 - d. 1960)
11 Nov 1928 -  3 Nov 1929  Louis Antériou (2nd time)          (s.a.)
 3 Nov 1929 -  2 Mar 1930  Claudius Gallet                    (b. 1874 - d. 1936)
 2 Mar 1930 - 13 Dec 1930  Auguste Champetier de Ribes
                           (1st time)                         (b. 1882 - d. 1947)
13 Dec 1930 - 22 Dec 1930  Robert Thoumyre                    (b. 1883 - d. 1947)
23 Dec 1930 - 27 Jan 1931  Maurice Dormann                    (b. 1881 - d. 1947)
27 Jan 1931 - 20 Feb 1932  Auguste Champetier de Ribes
                           (2nd time)                         (s.a.)
- Pensions and Liberated Regions -
20 Feb 1932 -  3 Jun 1932  Auguste Champetier de Ribes        (s.a.)
- Pensions -
 3 Jun 1932 - 18 Dec 1932  Aimé Berthod                       (b. 1878 - d. 1944)
18 Dec 1932 - 26 Oct 1933  Edmond Miellet                     (b. 1880 - d. 1953)
26 Oct 1933 -  9 Feb 1934  Hippolyte Ducos                    (b. 1881 - d. 1970)
 9 Feb 1934 -  1 Jun 1935  Georges Rivollet                   (b. 1888 - d. 1974)
 1 Jun 1935 -  7 Jun 1935  Camille Perfetti                   (b. 1875 - d. 1956)
 7 Jun 1935 - 24 Jan 1936  Henry Maupoil                      (b. 1891 - d. 1971)
24 Jan 1936 -  4 Jun 1936  René Besse (1st time)              (b. 1891 - d. 1947)
 4 Jun 1936 - 18 Jan 1938  Albert Rivière (1st time)          (b. 1891 - d. 1953)
18 Jan 1938 - 13 Mar 1938  Robert Lassalle                    (b. 1882 - d. 1940)
13 Mar 1938 - 10 Apr 1938  Albert Rivière (2nd time)          (s.a.)
- Veterans and Pensioners -
10 Apr 1938 - 13 Sep 1939  Auguste Champetier de Ribes
                           (3rd time)                         (s.a.)
13 Sep 1939 - 21 Mar 1940  René Besse (2nd time)              (s.a.)
21 Mar 1940 - 16 Jun 1940  Albert Rivière (3rd time)          (s.a.)
- Veterans -
16 Jun 1940 - 12 Jul 1940  Jean Ybarnegaray                   (b. 1883 - d. 1956)
Commissioners (Free French government)
- Pensions -
28 Jul 1942 -  7 Jun 1943  André Diethelm                     (b. 1896 - d. 1954)
- Prisoners and Displaced Persons -
 9 Nov 1943 - 10 Sep 1944  Henri Frenay                       (b. 1905 - d. 1988)
Ministers
- Prisoners, Displaced Persons, and Refugees -
10 Sep 1944 - 21 Nov 1945  Henri Frenay                       (s.a.)
- Veterans and War Victims -
26 Jan 1946 -  8 Jul 1946  Laurent Casanova                   (b. 1906 - d. 1972)
16 Dec 1946 - 22 Jan 1947  Max Lejeune                        (b. 1909 - d. 1995)
22 Jan 1947 - 22 Oct 1947  François Mitterrand (1st time)     (b. 1916 - d. 1996)
22 Oct 1947 - 24 Nov 1947  Daniel Mayer                       (b. 1909 - d. 1996)
24 Nov 1947 - 26 Jul 1948  François Mitterrand (2nd time)     (s.a.)
26 Jul 1948 -  5 Sep 1948  André Maroselli                    (b. 1893 - d. 1970)
 5 Sep 1948 - 11 Sep 1948  Jules Catoire                      (b. 1899 - d. 1988)
11 Sep 1948 - 28 Oct 1949  Robert Bétolaud                    (b. 1901 - d. 1985)
29 Oct 1949 - 11 Aug 1951  Louis Jacquinot                    (b. 1898 - d. 1993)
11 Aug 1951 -  8 Jan 1953  Emmanuel Temple (1st time)         (b. 1895 - d. 1988)
 8 Jan 1953 - 28 Jun 1953  Henri Bergasse                     (b. 1894 - d. 1977)
28 Jun 1953 - 19 Jun 1954  André Mutter                       (b. 1901 - d. 1973)
19 Jun 1954 -  3 Sep 1954  Emmanuel Temple (2nd time)         (s.a.)
 3 Sep 1954 - 23 Feb 1955  Jean Masson                        (b. 1907 - d. 1964)
23 Feb 1955 -  6 Oct 1955  Raymond Triboulet (1st time)       (b. 1906 - d. 2006)
20 Oct 1955 -  1 Feb 1956  Vincent Badie (1st time)           (b. 1902 - d. 1989)
 1 Feb 1956 - 13 Jun 1957  François Tanguy-Prigent            (b. 1909 - d. 1970)
13 Jun 1957 -  6 Nov 1957  André Dulin                        (b. 1900 - d. 1973)
 6 Nov 1957 - 14 May 1958  Antoine Quinson                    (b. 1904 - d. 1966)
14 May 1958 -  1 Jun 1958  Vincent Badie (2nd time)           (s.a.)
 3 Jun 1958 -  9 Jun 1958  Michel Debré (interim)             (b. 1912 - d. 1996)
 9 Jun 1958 -  8 Jan 1959  Edmond Michelet                    (b. 1899 - d. 1970)
- Veterans -
 8 Jan 1959 - 15 Apr 1962  Raymond Triboulet (2nd time)       (s.a.)
- Veterans and War Victims -
15 Apr 1962 - 28 Nov 1962  Raymond Triboulet                  (s.a.)
28 Nov 1962 -  8 Jan 1966  Jean Sainteny                      (b. 1907 - d. 1978)
 8 Jan 1966 -  6 Apr 1967  Alexandre Sanguinetti              (b. 1913 - d. 1980)
 6 Apr 1967 -  6 Jul 1972  Henri Duvillard                    (b. 1910 - d. 2001)
- Veterans -
 6 Jul 1972 -  2 Apr 1973  André Bord                         (b. 1922 - d. 2013)
- Veterans and War Victims -
 2 Apr 1973 - 27 Feb 1974  André Bord                         (s.a.)
- Veterans -
21 May 1981 - 22 Mar 1983  Jean Laurain                       (b. 1921 - d. 2008)
- Veterans and War Victims -
29 Mar 1993 - 18 May 1995  Philippe Mestre                    (b. 1927)
18 May 1995 -  7 Nov 1995  Pierre Pasquini                    (b. 1921 - d. 2006)
- Veterans -
 7 May 2002 - 17 Jun 2002  Michèle Alliot-Marie (f)           (b. 1946)
14 Nov 2010 -  1 Mar 2011  Alain Juppé                        (b. 1945)
 1 Mar 2011 - 16 May 2012  Gérard Longuet                     (b. 1946)

Repatriates

Minister
28 Nov 1962 - 23 Jul 1964  François Missoffe                  (b. 1919 - d. 2003)

Worship

Ministers
 5 Sep 1870 - 17 May 1873  Jules Simon                        (b. 1814 - d. 1896)
18 May 1873 - 25 May 1873  Oscar Bardi de Fourtou (1st time)  (b. 1836 - d. 1897)
25 May 1873 - 26 Nov 1873  Anselme Batbie                     (b. 1828 - d. 1887)
26 Nov 1873 - 22 May 1874  Oscar Bardi de Fourtou (2nd time)  (s.a.)
22 May 1874 - 10 Mar 1875  Arthur de Cumont                   (b. 1818 - d. 1902)
10 Mar 1875 -  9 Mar 1876  Henri Wallon                       (b. 1812 - d. 1904)
12 Dec 1876 - 17 May 1877  Louis Martel                       (b. 1813 - d. 1892)
17 May 1877 - 23 Nov 1877  Joseph Brunet                      (b. 1829 - d. 1891)
23 Nov 1877 - 13 Dec 1877  Hervé Faye                         (b. 1814 - d. 1902)
13 Dec 1877 -  4 Feb 1879  Agénor Bardoux                     (b. 1829 - d. 1897)
 4 Feb 1879 -  4 Mar 1879  Émile de Marcère (interim)         (b. 1828 - d. 1918)
 4 Mar 1879 - 17 May 1880  Charles Lepère                     (b. 1823 - d. 1885)
17 May 1880 - 14 Nov 1881  Ernest Constans                    (b. 1833 - d. 1913)
14 Nov 1881 - 30 Jan 1882  Paul Bert                          (b. 1833 - d. 1886)
30 Jan 1882 -  7 Aug 1882  Gustave Humbert                    (b. 1822 - d. 1894)
 7 Aug 1882 - 13 Sep 1882  Paul Devès                         (b. 1837 - d. 1899)
13 Sep 1882 - 21 Feb 1883  Armand Fallières (1st time)        (b. 1841 - d. 1931)
21 Feb 1883 - 27 Feb 1883  René Waldeck-Rousseau (1st time)   (b. 1846 - d. 1904)
27 Feb 1883 -  6 Apr 1885  Félix Martin-Feuillée              (b. 1830 - d. 1896)
 6 Apr 1885 - 30 May 1887  René Goblet                        (b. 1828 - d. 1905)
30 May 1887 - 12 Dec 1887  Eugène Spuller (1st time)          (b. 1835 - d. 1896)
12 Dec 1887 -  3 Apr 1888  Léopold Faye                       (b. 1828 - d. 1900)
 3 Apr 1888 -  5 Feb 1889  Jean-Baptiste Ferrouillat          (b. 1820 - d. 1903)
 5 Feb 1889 - 22 Feb 1889  Edmond Guyot-Dessaigne             (b. 1833 - d. 1907)
22 Feb 1889 - 17 Mar 1890  François Thévenet                  (b. 1845 - d. 1910)
17 Mar 1890 - 27 Feb 1892  Armand Fallières (2nd time)        (s.a.)
27 Feb 1892 -  6 Dec 1892  Louis Ricard                       (b. 1839 - d. 1921)
 6 Dec 1892 -  4 Apr 1893  Charles Dupuy (1st time)           (b. 1851 - d. 1923)
 4 Apr 1893 -  3 Dec 1893  Raymond Poincaré (1st time)        (b. 1860 - d. 1934)
 3 Dec 1893 - 30 May 1894  Eugène Spuller (2nd time)          (s.a.)
30 May 1894 - 26 Jan 1895  Charles Dupuy (2nd time)           (s.a.)
26 Jan 1895 -  1 Nov 1895  Raymond Poincaré (2nd time)        (s.a.)
 1 Nov 1895 - 29 Apr 1896  Émile Combes (1st time)            (b. 1835 - d. 1921)
29 Apr 1896 - 26 Sep 1896  Alfred Rambaud                     (b. 1842 - d. 1905)
26 Sep 1896 -  1 Dec 1897  Jean-Baptiste Darlan               (b. 1848 - d. 1912)
 2 Dec 1897 - 28 Jun 1898  Victor Milliard                    (b. 1844 - d. 1921)
28 Jun 1898 -  1 Nov 1898  Ferdinand Sarrien                  (b. 1840 - d. 1915)
 1 Nov 1898 - 22 Jun 1899  Charles Dupuy (3rd time)           (s.a.)
22 Jun 1899 -  7 Jun 1902  René Waldeck-Rousseau (2nd time)   (s.a.)
 7 Jun 1902 - 24 Jan 1905  Émile Combes (2nd time)            (s.a.)
24 Jan 1905 - 14 Mar 1906  Jean-Baptiste Bienvenu-Martin      (b. 1847 - d. 1943)
14 Mar 1906 -  2 Mar 1911  Aristide Briand                    (b. 1862 - d. 1932)
 2 Mar 1911 - 27 Jun 1911  Ernest Monis                       (b. 1846 - d. 1929)
27 Jun 1911 - 14 Jan 1912  Joseph Caillaux                    (b. 1863 - d. 1944)

Culture

Ministers
- Cultural Affairs -
 9 Jan 1959 - 20 Jun 1969  André Malraux                      (b. 1901 - d. 1976)
20 Jun 1969 -  9 Oct 1970  Edmond Michelet                    (b. 1899 - d. 1970)
19 Oct 1970 -  7 Jan 1971  André Bettencourt (interim)        (b. 1919 - d. 2007)
 7 Jan 1971 -  2 Apr 1973  Jacques Duhamel                    (b. 1924 - d. 1977)
 2 Apr 1973 - 27 Feb 1974  Maurice Druon                      (b. 1918 - d. 2009)
27 Feb 1974 - 28 May 1974  Alain Peyrefitte                   (b. 1925 - d. 1999)
- Culture -
30 Mar 1977 -  5 Apr 1978  Michel d'Ornano (1st time)         (b. 1924 - d. 1991)
 5 Apr 1978 -  4 Mar 1981  Jean-Philippe Lecat                (b. 1935 - d. 2011)
 4 Mar 1981 - 22 May 1981  Michel d'Ornano (2nd time)         (s.a.)
22 May 1981 - 24 Mar 1983  Jack Lang (1st time)               (b. 1939)
 7 Dec 1984 - 20 Mar 1986  Jack Lang (2nd time)               (s.a.)
20 Mar 1986 - 12 May 1988  François Léotard                   (b. 1942)
12 May 1988 - 28 Jun 1988  Jack Lang (3rd time)               (s.a.)
- Culture, Great Works, and Bicentenary -
28 Jun 1988 -  3 Oct 1990  Jack Lang                          (s.a.)
- Culture and Great Works -
 3 Oct 1990 - 17 May 1991  Jack Lang                          (s.a.)
- Culture -
17 May 1991 - 29 Mar 1993  Jack Lang                          (s.a.)
- Culture and Francophonie -
29 Mar 1993 - 18 May 1995  Jacques Toubon                     (b. 1941)
- Culture -
18 May 1995 -  4 Jun 1997  Philippe Douste-Blazy              (b. 1953)
 4 Jun 1997 - 28 Mar 2000  Catherine Trautmann (f)            (b. 1951)
28 Mar 2000 -  7 May 2002  Catherine Tasca (f)                (b. 1941)
 7 May 2002 - 31 Mar 2004  Jean-Jacques Aillagon              (b. 1946)
31 Mar 2004 - 18 May 2007  Renaud Donnedieu de Vabres         (b. 1954)
18 May 2007 - 23 Jun 2009  Christine Albanel (f)              (b. 1955)
23 Jun 2009 - 16 May 2012  Frédéric Mitterrand                (b. 1947)
16 May 2012 - 26 Aug 2014  Aurélie Filippetti (f)             (b. 1973)
26 Aug 2014 -              Fleur Pellerin (f)                 (b. 1973)

Agriculture

Ministers
 4 Sep 1870 - 14 Nov 1881  see under Commerce
14 Nov 1881 - 30 Jan 1882  Paul Devès                         (b. 1837 - d. 1899)
30 Jan 1882 - 21 Feb 1883  François de Mahy                   (b. 1830 - d. 1906)
21 Feb 1883 -  6 Apr 1885  Jules Méline (1st time)            (b. 1838 - d. 1925)
 6 Apr 1885 -  9 Nov 1885  Hervé Mangon                       (b. 1821 - d. 1888)
 9 Nov 1885 -  7 Jan 1886  Pierre Gomot                       (b. 1838 - d. 1927)
 7 Jan 1886 - 30 May 1887  Jules Develle (1st time)           (b. 1845 - d. 1919)
30 May 1887 - 12 Dec 1887  François Barbé                     (b. 1836 - d. 1890)
12 Dec 1887 - 22 Feb 1889  Jules Viette                       (b. 1843 - d. 1894)
22 Feb 1889 - 17 Mar 1890  Léopold Faye                       (b. 1828 - d. 1900)
17 Mar 1890 - 11 Jan 1893  Jules Develle (2nd time)           (s.a.)
11 Jan 1893 - 26 Jan 1895  Albert Viger (1st time)            (b. 1843 - d. 1926)
26 Jan 1895 -  1 Nov 1895  Antoine Gadaud                     (b. 1841 - d. 1897)
 1 Nov 1895 - 29 Apr 1896  Albert Viger (2nd time)            (s.a.)
29 Apr 1896 - 28 Jun 1898  Jules Méline (2nd time)            (s.a.)
28 Jun 1898 - 22 Jun 1899  Albert Viger (3rd time)            (s.a.)
22 Jun 1899 -  7 Jun 1902  Jean Dupuy                         (b. 1844 - d. 1919)
 7 Jun 1902 - 24 Jan 1905  Léon Mougeot                       (b. 1857 - d. 1928)
24 Jan 1905 -  3 Nov 1910  Joseph Ruau                        (b. 1865 - d. 1923)
 3 Nov 1910 -  2 Mar 1911  Maurice Raynaud (1st time)         (b. 1860 - d. 1927)
 2 Mar 1911 - 17 Jan 1913  Jules Pams                         (b. 1852 - d. 1930)
21 Jan 1913 - 22 Mar 1913  Fernand David (1st time)           (b. 1869 - d. 1935)
22 Mar 1913 -  9 Dec 1913  Étienne Clémentel (1st time)       (b. 1864 - d. 1936)
 9 Dec 1913 -  9 Jun 1914  Maurice Raynaud (2nd time)         (s.a.)
 9 Jun 1914 - 13 Jun 1914  Adrien Dariac                      (b. 1868 - d. 1949)
13 Jun 1914 - 29 Oct 1915  Fernand David (2nd time)           (s.a.)
29 Oct 1915 - 12 Dec 1916  Jules Méline (3rd time)            (s.a.)
12 Dec 1916 - 20 Mar 1917  Étienne Clémentel (2nd time)       (s.a.)
20 Mar 1917 - 16 Nov 1917  Fernand David (3rd time)           (s.a.)
16 Nov 1917 - 20 Jul 1919  Victor Boret (1st time)            (b. 1872 - d. 1952)
20 Jul 1919 - 20 Jan 1920  Joseph Noullens                    (b. 1864 - d. 1944)
20 Jan 1920 - 16 Jan 1921  Joseph Ricard                      (b. 1880 - d. 1948)
16 Jan 1921 - 15 Jan 1922  Edmond Lefebvre du Prey            (b. 1866 - d. 1955)
15 Jan 1922 - 29 Mar 1924  Henry Chéron                       (b. 1867 - d. 1936)
29 Mar 1924 - 14 Jun 1924  Joseph Capus                       (b. 1867 - d. 1947)
14 Jun 1924 - 17 Apr 1925  Henri Queuille (1st time)          (b. 1884 - d. 1970)
17 Apr 1925 - 10 Apr 1926  Jean Durand                        (b. 1865 - d. 1935)
10 Apr 1926 - 19 Jul 1926  François Binet                     (b. 1880 - d. 1930)
19 Jul 1926 - 11 Nov 1928  Henri Queuille (2nd time)          (s.a.)
11 Nov 1928 - 21 Feb 1930  Jean Hennessy                      (b. 1874 - d. 1944)
21 Feb 1930 -  2 Mar 1930  Henri Queuille (3rd time)          (s.a.)
 2 Mar 1930 - 13 Dec 1930  Fernand David (4th time)           (s.a.)
13 Dec 1930 - 27 Jan 1931  Victor Boret (2nd time)            (s.a.)
27 Jan 1931 - 14 Jan 1932  André Tardieu                      (b. 1876 - d. 1945)
14 Jan 1932 - 20 Feb 1932  Achille Fould                      (b. 1890 - d. 1969)
20 Feb 1932 -  3 Jun 1932  Claude Chauveau                    (b. 1861 - d. 1940)
 3 Jun 1932 - 18 Dec 1932  Abel Gardey                        (b. 1882 - d. 1957)
18 Dec 1932 -  8 Nov 1934  Henri Queuille (4th time)          (s.a.)
 8 Nov 1934 -  1 Jun 1935  Émile Casset                       (b. 1871 - d. 1948)
 1 Jun 1935 -  7 Jun 1935  Paul Jacquier                      (b. 1879 - d. 1961)
 7 Jun 1935 - 24 Jan 1936  Pierre Cathala (1st time)          (b. 1888 - d. 1947)
24 Jan 1936 -  4 Jun 1936  Paul Thellier (1st time)           (b. 1899 - d. 1944)
 4 Jun 1936 - 18 Jan 1938  Georges Monnet (1st time)          (b. 1898 - d. 1980)
18 Jan 1938 - 13 Mar 1938  Fernand Chapsal                    (b. 1862 - d. 1939)
13 Mar 1938 - 10 Apr 1938  Georges Monnet (2nd time)          (s.a.)
10 Apr 1938 - 21 Mar 1940  Henri Queuille (5th time)          (s.a.)
21 Mar 1940 - 16 Jun 1940  Paul Thellier (2nd time)           (s.a.)
16 Jun 1940 - 12 Jul 1940  Albert Chichery                    (b. 1888 - d. 1944)
12 Jul 1940 - 18 Apr 1942  Pierre Caziot                      (b. 1876 - d. 1953)
18 Apr 1942 - 11 Sep 1942  Jacques Le Roy Ladurie             (b. 1902 - d. 1988)
11 Sep 1942 -  6 Jan 1944  Max Bonnafous                      (b. 1900 - d. 1975)
 6 Jan 1944 - 20 Aug 1944  Pierre Cathala (2nd time)          (s.a.)
 4 Sep 1944 - 22 Oct 1947  François Tanguy-Prigent            (b. 1909 - d. 1970)
22 Oct 1947 - 24 Nov 1947  Marcel Roclore                     (b. 1897 - d. 1966)
24 Nov 1947 -  2 Dec 1949  Pierre Pflimlin (1st time)         (b. 1907 - d. 2000)
 2 Dec 1949 -  3 Jul 1950  Gabriel Valay                      (b. 1905 - d. 1978)
 3 Jul 1950 - 11 Aug 1951  Pierre Pflimlin (2nd time)         (s.a.)
11 Aug 1951 - 21 Nov 1951  Paul Antier                        (b. 1905 - d. 1996)
21 Nov 1951 - 28 Jun 1953  Camille Laurens                    (b. 1906 - d. 1979)
28 Jun 1953 - 23 Feb 1955  Roger Houdet (1st time)            (b. 1899 - d. 1987)
23 Feb 1955 -  1 Feb 1956  Jean Sourbet                       (b. 1900 - d. 1962)
 6 Nov 1957 -  9 Jun 1958  Roland Boscary-Monsservin          (b. 1904 - d. 1989)
 9 Jun 1958 - 27 May 1959  Roger Houdet (2nd time)            (s.a.)
27 May 1959 - 24 Aug 1961  Henri Rochereau                    (b. 1908 - d. 1999)
24 Aug 1961 -  8 Jan 1966  Edgard Pisani                      (b. 1918)
 8 Jan 1966 - 10 Jul 1968  Edgar Faure                        (b. 1908 - d. 1988)
10 Jul 1968 - 16 Jun 1969  Robert Boulin                      (b. 1920 - d. 1979)
16 Jun 1969 -  8 Jan 1971  Jacques Duhamel                    (b. 1924 - d. 1977)
 8 Jan 1971 -  7 Jul 1972  Michel Cointat                     (b. 1921 - d. 2013)
- Agriculture and Rural Development -
 7 Jul 1972 -  1 Mar 1974  Jacques Chirac                     (b. 1932)
 1 Mar 1974 - 28 May 1974  Raymond Marcellin                  (b. 1914 - d. 2004)
- Agriculture -
28 May 1974 - 30 Mar 1977  Christian Bonnet                   (b. 1921)
30 Mar 1977 - 22 May 1981  Pierre Méhaignerie                 (b. 1939)
22 May 1981 - 22 Mar 1983  Edith Cresson (f)                  (b. 1934)
22 Mar 1983 -  4 Apr 1985  Michel Rocard                      (b. 1930)
 4 Apr 1985 - 20 Mar 1986  Henri Nallet (1st time)            (b. 1939)
20 Mar 1986 - 12 May 1988  François Guillaume                 (b. 1932)
- Agriculture and Forests -
12 May 1988 -  2 Oct 1990  Henri Nallet (2nd time)            (s.a.)
 2 Oct 1990 -  2 Oct 1992  Louis Mermaz                       (b. 1931)
- Agriculture and Rural Development -
 2 Oct 1992 - 29 Mar 1993  Jean-Pierre Soisson                (b. 1934)
- Agriculture and Fish -
29 Mar 1993 - 18 May 1995  Jean Puech                         (b. 1942)
- Agriculture, Fish, and Food -
18 May 1995 -  4 Jun 1997  Philippe Vasseur                   (b. 1943)
- Agriculture and Forests -
 4 Jun 1997 - 20 Oct 1998  Louis Le Pensec                    (b. 1937)
20 Oct 1998 - 25 Feb 2002  Jean Glavany                       (b. 1949)
25 Feb 2002 -  7 May 2002  François Patriat                   (b. 1943)
- Agriculture, Food, and Rural Affairs -
 7 May 2002 - 31 Mar 2004  Hervé Gaymard                      (b. 1960)
- Agriculture, Food, Fish, and Rural Affairs -
31 Mar 2004 - 29 Nov 2004  Hervé Gaymard                      (s.a.)
- Agriculture, Food, Fish, and Rurality -
29 Nov 2004 -  2 Jun 2005  Dominique Bussereau                (b. 1952)
- Agriculture and Fish -
 2 Jun 2005 - 18 May 2007  Dominique Bussereau                (s.a.)
18 May 2007 - 19 Jun 2007  Christine Lagarde (f)              (b. 1956)
19 Jun 2007 - 23 Jun 2009  Michel Barnier                     (b. 1951)
- Food, Agriculture, and Fish -
23 Jun 2009 - 14 Nov 2010  Bruno Le Maire                     (b. 1969)
- Agriculture, Food, Fish, and Rurality -
14 Nov 2010 - 16 May 2012  Bruno Le Maire                     (s.a.)
16 May 2012 - 21 Jun 2012  Stéphane Le Foll                   (b. 1960)
- Agriculture, Agri-Food, and Forest -
21 Jun 2012 -              Stéphane Le Foll                   (b. 1960)

Supply

Ministers
12 Dec 1916 - 20 Mar 1917  Édouard Herriot                    (b. 1872 - d. 1957)
- General Supply and Maritime Transports -
20 Mar 1917 -  4 Jul 1917  Maurice Viollette                  (b. 1870 - d. 1960)
- General Supply -
 4 Jul 1917 - 12 Sep 1917  Maurice Viollette                  (s.a.)
12 Sep 1917 - 16 Nov 1917  Maurice Long                       (b. 1866 - d. 1923)
- Supply -
16 Nov 1917 - 20 Jul 1919  Victor Boret                       (b. 1872 - d. 1952)
20 Jul 1919 - 20 Jan 1920  Joseph Noullens                    (b. 1864 - d. 1944)
21 Mar 1940 - 16 Jun 1940  Henri Queuille                     (b. 1884 - d. 1970)
16 Jun 1940 - 12 Jul 1940  Albert Chichery                    (b. 1888 - d. 1944)
12 Jul 1940 - 25 Feb 1941  Pierre Caziot                      (b. 1876 - d. 1953)
25 Feb 1941 - 12 Aug 1941  Jean-Louis Achard                  (b. 1908 - d. 1953)
12 Aug 1941 - 18 Apr 1942  Paul Charbin                       (b. 1877 - d. 1956)
18 Apr 1942 -  6 Jan 1944  Max Bonnafous                      (b. 1900 - d. 1975)
 6 Jan 1944 -  3 Mar 1944  Pierre Cathala                     (b. 1888 - d. 1947)
Commissioners (Free French government)
 7 Jun 1943 -  9 Nov 1943  Jean Monnet                        (b. 1888 - d. 1979)
 9 Nov 1943 -  4 Apr 1944  André Diethelm                     (b. 1896 - d. 1954)
 4 Apr 1944 -  4 Sep 1944  Paul Giacobbi                      (b. 1896 - d. 1951)
Ministers
 4 Sep 1944 - 16 Nov 1944  Paul Giacobbi                      (s.a.)
16 Nov 1944 - 30 May 1945  Paul Ramadier                      (b. 1888 - d. 1961)
30 May 1945 - 21 Nov 1945  Christian Pineau                   (b. 1904 - d. 1995)
21 Nov 1945 - 26 Jan 1946  François Tanguy-Prigent            (b. 1909 - d. 1970)
26 Jan 1946 - 24 Jun 1946  Henri Longchambon                  (b. 1896 - d. 1969)
24 Jun 1946 - 16 Dec 1946  Yves Farge                         (b. 1899 - d. 1953)

Environment

Ministers
- Natural Protection and Environment -
 5 Apr 1973 - 27 Feb 1974  Robert Poujade                     (b. 1928)
- Environment -
27 Feb 1974 - 28 May 1974  Alain Peyrefitte                   (b. 1925 - d. 1999)
- Quality of Life -
28 May 1974 - 12 Jan 1976  André Jarrot                       (b. 1909 - d. 2000)
12 Jan 1976 - 25 Aug 1976  André Fosset                       (b. 1918 - d. 2001)
25 Aug 1976 - 29 Mar 1977  Vincent Ansquer                    (b. 1925 - d. 1987)
- Environment -
29 Mar 1977 -  3 Apr 1978  Michel d'Ornano                    (b. 1924 - d. 1991)
- Environment and Quality of Life -
 3 Apr 1978 - 22 May 1981  Michel d'Ornano                    (s.a.)
- Environment -
22 May 1981 - 22 Mar 1983  Michel Crépeau                     (b. 1930 - d. 1999)
19 Jul 1984 - 20 Mar 1986  Huguette Bouchardeau (f)           (b. 1935)
15 May 1991 -  2 Apr 1992  Brice Lalonde                      (b. 1946)
 2 Apr 1992 - 29 Mar 1993  Ségolène Royal (f) (1st time)      (b. 1953)
18 May 1995 -  4 Jun 1997  Corinne Lepage (f)                 (b. 1951)
 4 Jun 1997 - 10 Jul 2001  Dominique Voynet (f)               (b. 1958)
10 Jul 2001 -  7 May 2002  Yves Cochet                        (b. 1946)
- Ecology and Sustainable Development -
 7 May 2002 - 31 Mar 2004  Roselyne Bachelot (f)              (b. 1951)
31 Mar 2004 -  2 Jun 2005  Serge Lepeltier                    (b. 1953)
 2 Jun 2005 - 18 May 2007  Nelly Olin (f)                     (b. 1941)
18 May 2007 - 19 Jun 2007  Alain Juppé                        (b. 1945)
19 Jun 2007 - 18 Mar 2008  Jean-Louis Borloo                  (b. 1951)
- Ecology, Energy, and Sustainable Development -
18 Mar 2008 - 14 Nov 2010  Jean-Louis Borloo                  (s.a.)
- Ecology and Sustainable Development -
14 Nov 2010 - 22 Feb 2012  Nathalie Kosciusko-Morizet (f)     (b. 1973)
- Ecology, Sustainable Development, and Energy -
16 May 2012 - 21 Jun 2012  Nicole Bricq (f)                   (b. 1947)
21 Jun 2012 -  3 Jul 2013  Delphine Batho (f)                 (b. 1973)
 3 Jul 2013 -  2 Apr 2014  Philippe Martin                    (b. 1953)
 2 Apr 2014 -              Ségolène Royal (f) (2nd time)      (s.a.)

Youth and Sports

Ministers
- Youth, Arts, and Letters -
22 Jan 1947 - 22 Oct 1947  Pierre Bourdan                     (b. 1909 - d. 1948)
- Youth and Sports -
 1 Feb 1956 - 14 May 1958  René Billères                      (b. 1910 - d. 2004)
 8 Jan 1966 - 31 May 1968  François Missoffe                  (b. 1919 - d. 2003)
31 May 1968 - 10 Jul 1968  Roland Nungesser                   (b. 1925 - d. 2011)
- Youth, Sports, and Leisures -
 5 Apr 1978 - 22 May 1981  Jean-Pierre Soisson                (b. 1934)
- Free time -
22 May 1981 - 22 Mar 1983  André Henry                        (b. 1934)
- Sports -
10 May 1988 - 16 May 1991  Lionel Jospin                      (b. 1937)
- Youth and Sports -
16 May 1991 - 29 Mar 1993  Frédérique Bredin (f)              (b. 1956)
29 Mar 1993 - 18 May 1995  Michèle Alliot-Marie (f)           (b. 1946)
 7 Nov 1995 -  4 Jun 1997  Guy Drut                           (b. 1950)
 4 Jun 1997 -  7 May 2002  Marie-George Buffet (f)            (b. 1949)
- Sports -
 7 May 2002 - 31 Mar 2004  Jean-François Lamour               (b. 1956)
- Youth, Sports, and Community Life -
31 Mar 2004 - 18 May 2007  Jean-François Lamour               (s.a.)
- Youth and Sports -
18 May 2007 - 18 Mar 2008  Roselyne Bachelot (f)              (b. 1951)
- Youth, Sports, and Community Life -
18 Mar 2008 - 22 Mar 2010  Roselyne Bachelot (f)              (s.a.)
- Sports and Community Life -
22 Mar 2010 - 14 Nov 2010  Roselyne Bachelot (f)              (s.a.)
- Youth and Active Solidarities -
22 Mar 2010 - 14 Nov 2010  Marc-Philippe Daubresse            (b. 1953)
- Youth and Community Life -
14 Nov 2010 - 16 May 2012  Luc Chatel                         (b. 1964)
- Sports -
14 Nov 2010 - 26 Sep 2011  Chantal Jouanno (f)                (b. 1969)
26 Sep 2011 - 16 May 2012  David Douillet                     (b. 1969)
16 May 2012 -  2 Apr 2014  Valérie Fourneyron (f)             (b. 1959)
- Youth and Sports -
 2 Apr 2014 - 26 Aug 2014  Najat Vallaud-Belkacem (f)         (b. 1977)
26 Aug 2014 -              Patrick Kanner                     (b. 1957)

Overseas

Ministers
- Colonies -
20 Mar 1894 - 30 May 1894  Ernest Boulanger                   (b. 1831 - d. 1907)
30 May 1894 - 26 Jan 1895  Théophile Delcassé                 (b. 1852 - d. 1923)
26 Jan 1895 -  1 Nov 1895  Émile Chautemps                    (b. 1850 - d. 1918)
 4 Nov 1895 - 29 Apr 1896  Pierre Guieysse                    (b. 1841 - d. 1914)
29 Apr 1896 - 31 May 1898  André Lebon                        (b. 1858 - d. 1938)
31 May 1898 - 28 Jun 1898  Gabriel Hanotaux (interim)         (b. 1853 - d. 1944)
28 Jun 1898 -  1 Nov 1898  Georges Trouillot (1st time)       (b. 1851 - d. 1916)
 1 Nov 1898 - 22 Jun 1899  Antoine Guillain                   (b. 1844 - d. 1915)
22 Jun 1899 -  7 Jun 1902  Albert Decrais                     (b. 1838 - d. 1915)
 7 Jun 1902 - 24 Jan 1905  Gaston Doumergue (1st time)        (b. 1863 - d. 1937)
24 Jan 1905 - 14 Mar 1906  Étienne Clémentel                  (b. 1864 - d. 1936)
14 Mar 1906 - 25 Oct 1906  Georges Leygues                    (b. 1857 - d. 1933)
25 Oct 1906 - 24 Jul 1909  Raphaël Milliès-Lacroix            (b. 1850 - d. 1941)
24 Jul 1909 -  3 Nov 1910  Georges Trouillot (2nd time)       (s.a.)
 3 Nov 1910 -  2 Mar 1911  Jean Morel (1st time)              (b. 1854 - d. 1927)
 2 Mar 1911 - 27 Jun 1911  Adolphe Messimy                    (b. 1869 - d. 1935)
27 Jun 1911 - 12 Jan 1913  Albert Lebrun (1st time)           (b. 1871 - d. 1950)
12 Jan 1913 - 21 Jan 1913  René Besnard (1st time)            (b. 1879 - d. 1952)
21 Jan 1913 -  9 Dec 1913  Jean Morel (2nd time)              (s.a.)
 9 Dec 1913 -  9 Jun 1914  Albert Lebrun (2nd time)           (s.a.)
 9 Jun 1914 - 13 Jun 1914  Maurice Maunoury                   (b. 1863 - d. 1925)
13 Jun 1914 - 26 Aug 1914  Maurice Raynaud                    (b. 1860 - d. 1927)
26 Aug 1914 - 20 Mar 1917  Gaston Doumergue (2nd time)        (s.a.)
20 Mar 1917 - 12 Sep 1917  André Maginot (1st time)           (b. 1877 - d. 1932)
12 Sep 1917 - 16 Nov 1917  René Besnard (2nd time)            (s.a.)
16 Nov 1917 - 20 Jan 1920  Henry Simon                        (b. 1874 - d. 1926)
20 Jan 1920 - 29 Mar 1924  Albert Sarraut (1st time)          (b. 1872 - d. 1962)
29 Mar 1924 - 14 Jun 1924  Jean Fabry                         (b. 1876 - d. 1968)
14 Jun 1924 - 17 Apr 1925  Édouard Daladier                   (b. 1884 - d. 1970)
17 Apr 1925 - 29 Oct 1925  Orly André-Hesse                   (b. 1874 - d. 1940)
29 Oct 1925 - 19 Jul 1926  Léon Perrier (1st time)            (b. 1873 - d. 1948)
19 Jul 1926 - 23 Jul 1926  Adrien Dariac                      (b. 1868 - d. 1949)
23 Jul 1926 -  6 Nov 1928  Léon Perrier (2nd time)            (s.a.)
11 Nov 1928 -  3 Nov 1929  André Maginot (2nd time)           (s.a.)
 3 Nov 1929 - 21 Feb 1930  François Piétri (1st time)         (b. 1882 - d. 1966)
21 Feb 1930 -  2 Mar 1930  Lucien Lamoureux (1st time)        (b. 1888 - d. 1970)
 2 Mar 1930 - 13 Dec 1930  François Piétri (2nd time)         (s.a.)
13 Dec 1930 - 27 Jan 1931  Théodore Steeg (1st time)          (b. 1868 - d. 1950)
27 Jan 1931 - 20 Feb 1932  Paul Reynaud                       (b. 1878 - d. 1966)
20 Feb 1932 -  3 Jun 1932  Louis de Chappedelaine             (b. 1876 - d. 1939)
 3 Jun 1932 -  6 Sep 1933  Albert Sarraut (2nd time)          (s.a.)
 6 Sep 1933 - 26 Oct 1933  Albert Dalimier (1st time)         (b. 1875 - d. 1936)
26 Oct 1933 - 26 Nov 1933  François Piétri (3rd time)         (s.a.)
26 Nov 1933 -  9 Jan 1934  Albert Dalimier (2nd time)         (s.a.)
 9 Jan 1934 - 30 Jan 1934  Lucien Lamoureux (2nd time)        (s.a.)
- Overseas France -
30 Jan 1934 -  9 Feb 1934  Henry de Jouvenel                  (b. 1876 - d. 1935)
- Colonies -
 9 Feb 1934 - 13 Oct 1934  Pierre Laval                       (b. 1883 - d. 1945)
13 Oct 1934 - 24 Jan 1936  Louis Rollin (1st time)            (b. 1879 - d. 1952)
24 Jan 1936 -  4 Jun 1936  Jacques Stern                      (b. 1882 - d. 1949)
 4 Jun 1936 - 18 Jan 1938  Marius Moutet (1st time)           (b. 1876 - d. 1968)
18 Jan 1938 - 13 Mar 1938  Théodore Steeg (2nd time)          (s.a.)
13 Mar 1938 - 10 Apr 1938  Marius Moutet (2nd time)           (s.a.)
10 Apr 1938 - 18 May 1940  Georges Mandel                     (b. 1885 - d. 1944)
18 May 1940 - 16 Jun 1940  Louis Rollin (2nd time)            (s.a.)
16 Jun 1940 - 12 Jul 1940  Albert Rivière                     (b. 1891 - d. 1953)
12 Jul 1940 -  6 Sep 1940  Henry Lémery                       (b. 1874 - d. 1972)
 6 Sep 1940 - 18 Apr 1942  Charles Platon                     (b. 1886 - d. 1944)
18 Apr 1942 - 26 Mar 1943  Jules Brévié                       (b. 1880 - d. 1964)
26 Mar 1943 - 20 Aug 1944  Henri Bléhaut                      (b. 1889 - d. 1962)
Commissioners (Free French government)
- Colonies -
24 Sep 1941 - 28 Jul 1942  René Pleven (1st time)             (b. 1901 - d. 1993)
28 Jul 1942 - 17 Oct 1942  Hervé Alphand (interim)            (b. 1907 - d. 1994)
17 Oct 1942 - 10 Sep 1944  René Pleven (2nd time)             (s.a.)
Ministers
- Colonies -
10 Sep 1944 - 16 Nov 1944  René Pleven                        (s.a.)
16 Nov 1944 - 21 Nov 1945  Paul Giacobbi                      (b. 1896 - d. 1951)
21 Nov 1945 - 26 Jan 1946  Jacques Soustelle                  (b. 1912 - d. 1990)
- Overseas France -
26 Jan 1946 - 23 Dec 1946  Marius Moutet (3rd time)           (s.a.)
23 Dec 1946 - 22 Jan 1947  Augustin Laurent                   (b. 1895 - d. 1990)
22 Jan 1947 - 22 Oct 1947  Marius Moutet (4th time)           (s.a.)
22 Oct 1947 - 29 Oct 1949  Paul Coste-Floret (1st time)       (b. 1911 - d. 1979)
29 Oct 1949 -  3 Jul 1950  Jean Letourneau                    (b. 1907 - d. 1986)
 3 Jul 1950 - 12 Jul 1950  Paul Coste-Floret (2nd time)       (s.a.)
12 Jul 1950 - 11 Aug 1951  François Mitterrand                (b. 1916 - d. 1996)
11 Aug 1951 -  8 Mar 1952  Louis Jacquinot (1st time)         (b. 1898 - d. 1993)
 8 Mar 1952 -  8 Jan 1953  Pierre Pflimlin                    (b. 1907 - d. 2000)
 8 Jan 1953 - 19 Jun 1954  Louis Jacquinot (2nd time)         (s.a.)
19 Jun 1954 - 20 Jan 1955  Robert Buron                       (b. 1910 - d. 1973)
20 Jan 1955 - 23 Feb 1955  Jean-Jacques Juglas                (b. 1904 - d. 1982)
23 Feb 1955 -  1 Feb 1956  Pierre-Henri Teitgen               (b. 1908 - d. 1997)
 1 Feb 1956 - 13 Jun 1957  Gaston Defferre                    (b. 1910 - d. 1986)
13 Jun 1957 - 14 May 1958  Gérard Jaquet                      (b. 1916 - d. 2013)
14 May 1958 -  9 Jun 1958  André Colin                        (b. 1910 - d. 1978)
 9 Jun 1958 -  8 Jan 1959  Bernard Cornut-Gentille            (b. 1909 - d. 1992)
- Overseas Departments and Territories -
 5 Feb 1960 - 24 Aug 1961  Robert Lecourt                     (b. 1908 - d. 2004)
24 Aug 1961 -  8 Jan 1966  Louis Jacquinot (3rd time)         (s.a.)
 8 Jan 1966 - 31 May 1968  Pierre Billotte                    (b. 1906 - d. 1992)
31 May 1968 - 10 Jul 1968  Joël Le Theule                     (b. 1930 - d. 1980)
25 Feb 1971 -  7 Jul 1972  Pierre Messmer                     (b. 1916 - d. 2007)
 2 Apr 1973 - 27 Feb 1974  Bernard Stasi                      (b. 1930 - d. 2011)
20 Mar 1986 - 10 May 1988  Bernard Pons                       (b. 1926)
23 Jun 1988 - 29 Mar 1993  Louis Le Pensec                    (b. 1937)
29 Mar 1993 - 18 May 1995  Dominique Perben                   (b. 1945)
- Overseas -
18 May 1995 -  7 Nov 1995  Jean-Jacques de Peretti            (b. 1946)
 7 May 2002 -  2 Jun 2005  Brigitte Girardin (f)              (b. 1953)
 2 Jun 2005 - 26 Mar 2007  François Baroin                    (b. 1965)
26 Mar 2007 - 18 May 2007  Hervé Mariton                      (b. 1958)
18 May 2007 - 23 Jun 2009  Michèle Alliot-Marie (f)           (b. 1946)
23 Jun 2009 - 28 Feb 2011  Brice Hortefeux                    (b. 1958)
28 Feb 2011 - 16 May 2012  Claude Guéant                      (b. 1945)
16 May 2012 -  2 Apr 2014  Victorin Lurel                     (b. 1951)
 2 Apr 2014 -              George Pau-Langevin (f)            (b. 1948)

Equipment

Ministers
 8 Jan 1966 - 28 Apr 1967  Edgard Pisani                      (b. 1918)
28 Apr 1967 - 31 May 1968  François-Xavier Ortoli             (b. 1925 - d. 2007)
31 May 1968 - 10 Jul 1968  Robert Galley (1st time)           (b. 1921 - d. 2012)
10 Jul 1968 -  5 Jul 1972  Albin Chalandon                    (b. 1920)
 5 Jul 1972 - 28 May 1974  Olivier Guichard                   (b. 1920 - d. 2004)
28 May 1974 - 25 Aug 1976  Robert Galley (2nd time)           (s.a.)
25 Aug 1976 - 26 Sep 1977  Jean-Pierre Fourcade               (b. 1929)
26 Sep 1977 -  5 Apr 1978  Fernand Icart                      (b. 1921 - d. 2008)
21 May 1981 - 22 Jun 1981  Louis Mermaz                       (b. 1931)
20 Mar 1986 - 10 May 1988  Pierre Méhaignerie                 (b. 1939)
10 May 1988 - 22 Feb 1989  Maurice Faure                      (b. 1922 - d. 2014)
22 Feb 1989 - 21 Dec 1990  Michel Delebarre                   (b. 1946)
21 Dec 1990 - 15 May 1991  Louis Besson                       (b. 1937)
15 May 1991 -  2 Apr 1992  Paul Quilès                        (b. 1942)
 2 Apr 1992 - 29 Mar 1993  Jean-Louis Bianco                  (b. 1943)
29 Mar 1993 - 18 May 1995  Bernard Bosson                     (b. 1948)
18 May 1995 -  4 Jun 1997  Bernard Pons                       (b. 1926)
 4 Jun 1997 -  7 May 2002  Jean-Claude Gayssot                (b. 1944)
 7 May 2002 -  2 Jun 2005  Gilles de Robien                   (b. 1941)
 2 Jun 2005 - 18 May 2007  Dominique Perben                   (b. 1945)

Transports

Ministers
- Public Works -
 4 Sep 1870 - 19 Feb 1871  Pierre Frédéric Dorian             (b. 1814 - d. 1873)
19 Feb 1871 -  7 Dec 1872  Charles de Larcy (1st time)        (b. 1805 - d. 1882)
 7 Dec 1872 - 18 May 1873  Oscar Bardi de Fourtou             (b. 1836 - d. 1897)
18 May 1873 - 25 May 1873  René Bérenger                      (b. 1830 - d. 1915)
25 May 1873 - 26 Nov 1873  Alfred Deseilligny                 (b. 1838 - d. 1897)
26 Nov 1873 - 22 May 1874  Charles de Larcy (2nd time)        (s.a.)
22 May 1874 -  9 Mar 1876  Eugène Caillaux                    (b. 1822 - d. 1896)
 9 Mar 1876 - 17 May 1877  Albert Christophle                 (b. 1830 - d. 1904)
17 May 1877 - 23 Nov 1877  Auguste Pâris                      (b. 1826 - d. 1896)
23 Nov 1877 - 13 Dec 1877  Michel Graëff                      (b. 1812 - d. 1884)
13 Dec 1877 - 28 Dec 1879  Charles Louis de Saulces de
                           Freycinet                          (b. 1828 - d. 1923)
28 Dec 1879 - 23 Sep 1880  Henri Varroy (1st time)            (b. 1826 - d. 1883)
23 Sep 1880 - 14 Nov 1881  Sadi Carnot (1st time)             (b. 1837 - d. 1894)
14 Nov 1881 - 30 Jan 1882  David Raynal (1st time)            (b. 1840 - d. 1903)
30 Jan 1882 -  7 Aug 1882  Henri Varroy (2nd time)            (s.a.)
10 Aug 1882 - 21 Feb 1883  Anne Charles Hérisson              (b. 1831 - d. 1893)
21 Feb 1883 -  6 Apr 1885  David Raynal (2nd time)            (s.a.)
 6 Apr 1885 - 16 Apr 1885  Sadi Carnot (2nd time)             (s.a.)
16 Apr 1885 -  7 Jan 1886  Charles Demôle                     (b. 1828 - d. 1908)
 7 Jan 1886 -  2 Nov 1886  Charles Baïhaut                    (b. 1843 - d. 1917)
 4 Nov 1886 - 30 May 1887  Édouard Millaud                    (b. 1834 - d. 1912)
30 May 1887 - 12 Dec 1887  Severiano de Heredia               (b. 1836 - d. 1901)
12 Dec 1887 -  3 Apr 1888  Émile Loubet                       (b. 1838 - d. 1929)
 3 Apr 1888 - 22 Feb 1889  Pierre Deluns-Montaud              (b. 1845 - d. 1907)
22 Feb 1889 - 27 Feb 1892  Yves Guyot                         (b. 1843 - d. 1928)
27 Feb 1892 -  3 Dec 1893  Jules Viette                       (b. 1843 - d. 1894)
 3 Dec 1893 - 30 May 1894  Charles Jonnart                    (b. 1857 - d. 1927)
30 May 1894 - 13 Jan 1895  Louis Barthou (1st time)           (b. 1862 - d. 1934)
26 Jan 1895 -  1 Nov 1895  Ludovic Dupuy-Dutemps              (b. 1847 - d. 1928)
 1 Nov 1895 - 29 Apr 1896  Edmond Guyot-Dessaigne             (b. 1833 - d. 1907)
29 Apr 1896 - 28 Jun 1898  Adolphe Turrel                     (b. 1856 - d. 1945)
28 Jun 1898 - 17 Sep 1898  Louis Tillaye                      (b. 1847 - d. 1913)
17 Sep 1898 -  1 Nov 1898  Jules Godin                        (b. 1844 - d. 1925)
 1 Nov 1898 -  6 May 1899  Camille Krantz                     (b. 1848 - d. 1924)
 6 May 1899 - 22 Jun 1899  Jean Monestier                     (b. 1855 - d. 1925)
22 Jun 1899 -  7 Jun 1902  Pierre Baudin                      (b. 1863 - d. 1917)
 7 Jun 1902 - 24 Jan 1905  Émile Maruéjouls                   (b. 1837 - d. 1908)
24 Jan 1905 - 14 Mar 1906  Armand Gauthier de l'Aude          (b. 1850 - d. 1926)
14 Mar 1906 - 24 Jul 1909  Louis Barthou (2nd time)           (s.a.)
24 Jul 1909 -  3 Nov 1910  Alexandre Millerand                (b. 1859 - d. 1943)
 3 Nov 1910 -  2 Mar 1911  Louis Puech                        (b. 1851 - d. 1947)
 2 Mar 1911 - 27 Jun 1911  Charles Dumont                     (b. 1867 - d. 1939)
27 Jun 1911 - 14 Jan 1912  Victor Augagneur                   (b. 1855 - d. 1931)
14 Jan 1912 - 22 Mar 1913  Jean Dupuy (1st time)              (b. 1844 - d. 1919)
22 Mar 1913 -  9 Dec 1913  Joseph Thierry                     (b. 1857 - d. 1918)
 9 Dec 1913 -  9 Jun 1914  Fernand David                      (b. 1869 - d. 1935)
 9 Jun 1914 - 13 Jun 1914  Jean Dupuy (2nd time)              (s.a.)
13 Jun 1914 - 26 Aug 1914  René Renoult                       (b. 1867 - d. 1946)
26 Aug 1914 - 12 Dec 1916  Marcel Sembat                      (b. 1862 - d. 1922)
- Public Works and Transports -
12 Dec 1916 - 20 Mar 1917  Édouard Herriot                    (b. 1872 - d. 1957)
20 Mar 1917 - 12 Sep 1917  Georges Desplas                    (b. 1856 - d. 1922)
12 Sep 1917 -  5 May 1919  Albert Claveille                   (b. 1865 - d. 1921)
- Public Works, Transports, and Merchant Navy -
 5 May 1919 - 20 Jan 1920  Albert Claveille                   (s.a.)
- Public Works -
20 Jan 1920 - 29 Mar 1924  Yves Le Trocquer                   (b. 1877 - d. 1938)
- Public Works, Ports and Marine -
29 Mar 1924 - 14 Jun 1924  Yves Le Trocquer                   (s.a.)
- Public Works -
14 Jun 1924 - 17 Apr 1925  Victor Peytral                     (b. 1874 - d. 1964)
17 Apr 1925 - 29 Oct 1925  Pierre Laval                       (b. 1883 - d. 1945)
29 Oct 1925 - 23 Jun 1926  Anatole de Monzie (1st time)       (b. 1876 - d. 1947)
23 Jun 1926 - 19 Jul 1926  Charles Daniel-Vincent             (b. 1874 - d. 1960)
19 Jul 1926 - 23 Jul 1926  Orly André-Hesse                   (b. 1874 - d. 1940)
23 Jul 1926 - 11 Nov 1928  André Tardieu                      (b. 1876 - d. 1945)
11 Nov 1928 -  3 Nov 1929  Pierre Forgeot                     (b. 1888 - d. 1956)
 3 Nov 1929 - 21 Feb 1930  Georges Pernot (1st time)          (b. 1879 - d. 1962)
21 Feb 1930 -  2 Mar 1930  Édouard Daladier (1st time)        (b. 1884 - d. 1970)
 2 Mar 1930 - 13 Dec 1930  Georges Pernot (2nd time)          (s.a.)
13 Dec 1930 - 27 Jan 1931  Édouard Daladier (2nd time)        (s.a.)
27 Jan 1931 - 20 Feb 1932  Maurice Deligne                    (b. 1861 - d. 1939)
20 Feb 1932 -  3 Jun 1932  Charles Guernier                   (b. 1870 - d. 1943)
 3 Jun 1932 - 18 Dec 1932  Édouard Daladier (3rd time)        (s.a.)
18 Dec 1932 - 31 Jan 1933  Georges Bonnet                     (b. 1889 - d. 1973)
31 Jan 1933 -  9 Feb 1934  Joseph Paganon (1st time)          (b. 1880 - d. 1937)
 9 Feb 1934 -  8 Nov 1934  Pierre Étienne Flandin             (b. 1889 - d. 1958)
 8 Nov 1934 -  1 Jun 1935  Henry Roy                          (b. 1873 - d. 1950)
 1 Jun 1935 -  7 Jun 1935  Joseph Paganon (2nd time)          (s.a.)
 7 Jun 1935 - 24 Jan 1936  Laurent Eynac                      (b. 1886 - d. 1970)
24 Jan 1936 -  4 Jun 1936  Camille Chautemps                  (b. 1885 - d. 1963)
 4 Jun 1936 - 22 Jun 1937  Albert Bedouce                     (b. 1869 - d. 1947)
22 Jun 1937 - 13 Mar 1938  Henri Queuille                     (b. 1884 - d. 1970)
13 Mar 1938 - 10 Apr 1938  Jules Moch (1st time)              (b. 1893 - d. 1985)
10 Apr 1938 - 23 Aug 1938  Ludovic-Oscar Frossard (1st time)  (b. 1889 - d. 1946)
23 Aug 1938 -  5 Jun 1940  Anatole de Monzie (2nd time)       (s.a.)
 5 Jun 1940 - 16 Jun 1940  Ludovic-Oscar Frossard (2nd time)  (s.a.)
- Public Works and Transmissions -
16 Jun 1940 - 27 Jun 1940  Ludovic-Oscar Frossard             (s.a.)
- Public Works -
27 Jun 1940 - 12 Jul 1940  Ludovic-Oscar Frossard             (s.a.)
Commissioner (Free French government)
- Transports -
 9 Nov 1943 - 10 Sep 1944  René Mayer                         (b. 1895 - d. 1972)
Ministers
- Public Works and Transports -
10 Sep 1944 - 21 Nov 1945  René Mayer                         (s.a.)
21 Nov 1945 - 24 Nov 1947  Jules Moch (2nd time)              (s.a.)
24 Nov 1947 -  5 Sep 1948  Christian Pineau (1st time)        (b. 1904 - d. 1995)
 5 Sep 1948 - 11 Sep 1948  Henri Queuille                     (b. 1884 - d. 1970)
11 Sep 1948 -  7 Feb 1950  Christian Pineau (2nd time)        (s.a.)
 7 Feb 1950 -  2 Jul 1950  Jacques Chastellain (1st time)     (b. 1885 - d. 1965)
 2 Jul 1950 - 12 Jul 1950  Maurice Bourgès-Maunoury
                           (1st time)                         (b. 1914 - d. 1993)
12 Jul 1950 -  8 Mar 1952  Antoine Pinay (1st time)           (b. 1891 - d. 1994)
 8 Mar 1952 - 28 Jun 1953  André Morice                       (b. 1900 - d. 1990)
28 Jun 1953 - 19 Jun 1954  Jacques Chastellain (2nd time)     (s.a.)
19 Jun 1954 - 14 Aug 1954  Jacques Chaban-Delmas (1st time)   (b. 1915 - d. 2000)
14 Aug 1954 -  3 Sep 1954  Maurice Bourgès-Maunoury
                           (2nd time) (interim)               (s.a.)
 3 Sep 1954 - 23 Feb 1955  Jacques Chaban-Delmas (2nd time)   (s.a.)
23 Feb 1955 -  1 Feb 1956  Édouard Corniglion-Molinier        (b. 1899 - d. 1960)
13 Jun 1957 -  1 Jun 1958  Édouard Bonnefous                  (b. 1907 - d. 2007)
 3 Jun 1958 -  9 Jun 1958  Antoine Pinay (2nd time)
                           (interim)                          (s.a.)
 9 Jun 1958 - 15 May 1962  Robert Buron                       (b. 1910 - d. 1973)
15 May 1962 - 28 Nov 1962  Roger Dusseaulx                    (b. 1913 - d. 1988)
28 Nov 1962 -  6 Apr 1967  Marc Jacquet                       (b. 1913 - d. 1983)
- Transports -
 6 Apr 1967 - 22 Jun 1969  Jean Chamant (1st time)            (b. 1913 - d. 2010)
22 Jun 1969 - 31 Dec 1970  Raymond Mondon                     (b. 1914 - d. 1970)
 7 Jan 1971 -  5 Jul 1972  Jean Chamant (2nd time)            (s.a.)
 5 Jul 1972 -  2 Apr 1973  Robert Galley                      (b. 1921 - d. 2012)
 2 Apr 1973 - 27 Feb 1974  Yves Guéna                         (b. 1922)
 3 Apr 1978 -  2 Oct 1980  Joël Le Theule                     (b. 1930 - d. 1980)
 2 Oct 1980 - 21 May 1981  Daniel Hoeffel                     (b. 1929)
21 May 1981 - 22 Jun 1981  Louis Mermaz (1st time)            (b. 1931)
22 Jun 1981 - 17 Jul 1984  Charles Fiterman                   (b. 1933)
17 Jul 1984 - 20 Sep 1985  Paul Quilès (1st time)             (b. 1942)
20 Sep 1985 - 20 Mar 1986  Jean Auroux                        (b. 1942)
20 Mar 1986 - 10 May 1988  Pierre Méhaignerie                 (b. 1939)
10 May 1988 - 23 Jun 1988  Louis Mermaz (2nd time)            (s.a.)
23 Jun 1988 - 21 Dec 1990  Michel Delebarre                   (b. 1946)
21 Dec 1990 - 15 May 1991  Louis Besson                       (b. 1937)
15 May 1991 -  2 Apr 1992  Paul Quilès (2nd time)             (s.a.)
 2 Apr 1992 - 29 Mar 1993  Jean-Louis Bianco                  (b. 1943)
29 Mar 1993 - 18 May 1995  Bernard Bosson                     (b. 1948)
18 May 1995 -  4 Jun 1997  Bernard Pons                       (b. 1926)
 4 Jun 1997 -  7 May 2002  Jean-Claude Gayssot                (b. 1944)
 7 May 2002 -  2 Jun 2005  Gilles de Robien                   (b. 1941)
 2 Jun 2005 - 18 May 2007  Dominique Perben                   (b. 1945)
14 Nov 2010 - 22 Feb 2012  Nathalie Kosciusko-Morizet (f)     (b. 1973)

Relations with Parliament

Commissioner (Free French government)
- Relations with Consultative Assembly -
 9 Nov 1943 - 10 Sep 1944  André Philip                       (b. 1902 - d. 1970)
Ministers
- Relations with Parliament -
 6 Apr 1967 -  7 Jan 1971  Roger Frey                         (b. 1913 - d. 1997)
 5 Apr 1973 -  1 Mar 1974  Joseph Comiti                      (b. 1920 - d. 2000)
 1 Mar 1974 - 24 May 1974  Hubert Germain                     (b. 1920)
25 Aug 1976 - 29 Mar 1977  Robert Boulin                      (b. 1920 - d. 1979)
20 Mar 1986 - 10 May 1988  André Rossinot                     (b. 1939)
10 May 1988 -  2 Apr 1992  Jean Poperen                       (b. 1924 - d. 1997)
 2 Apr 1992 - 18 May 1995  Louis Mermaz                       (b. 1931)
18 May 1995 -  4 Jun 1997  Roger Romani                       (b. 1934)
 4 Jun 1997 - 30 Aug 2000  Daniel Vaillant                    (b. 1949)
30 Aug 2000 -  7 May 2002  Jean-Jack Queyranne                (b. 1945)

Health

Ministers
- Hygiene, Welfare Work, and Social Security Provisions -
16 Jan 1921 - 15 Jan 1922  Georges Leredu                     (b. 1860 - d. 1943)
15 Jan 1922 - 29 Mar 1924  Paul Strauss                       (b. 1852 - d. 1943)
- Public Health -
 2 Mar 1930 - 13 Dec 1930  Désiré Ferry                       (b. 1886 - d. 1940)
13 Dec 1930 - 27 Jan 1931  Henri Queuille (1st time)          (b. 1884 - d. 1970)
27 Jan 1931 -  3 Jun 1932  Camille Blaisot                    (b. 1881 - d. 1945)
 3 Jun 1932 - 18 Dec 1932  Justin Godart                      (b. 1871 - d. 1956)
18 Dec 1932 - 26 Oct 1933  Charles Daniélou                   (b. 1878 - d. 1953)
26 Oct 1933 - 26 Nov 1933  Émile Lisbonne (1st time)          (b. 1876 - d. 1947)
26 Nov 1933 - 30 Jan 1934  Alexandre Israël                   (b. 1868 - d. 1937)
30 Jan 1934 -  9 Feb 1934  Émile Lisbonne (2nd time)          (s.a.)
- Public Health and Physical Education -
 9 Feb 1934 -  8 Nov 1934  Louis Marin                        (b. 1871 - d. 1960)
 8 Nov 1934 -  1 Jun 1935  Henri Queuille (2nd time)          (s.a.)
 1 Jun 1935 - 24 Jan 1936  Louis Lafont                       (b. 1879 - d. 1946)
24 Jan 1936 -  4 Jun 1936  Louis Nicolle                      (b. 1871 - d. 1942)
- Public Health -
 4 Jun 1936 - 22 Jun 1937  Henri Sellier                      (b. 1883 - d. 1943)
22 Jun 1937 - 13 Mar 1938  Marc Rucart (1st time)             (b. 1893 - d. 1964)
13 Mar 1938 - 10 Apr 1938  Fernand Gentin                     (b. 1876 - d. 1946)
10 Apr 1938 - 21 Mar 1940  Marc Rucart (2nd time)             (s.a.)
21 Mar 1940 -  5 Jun 1940  Marcel Héraud                      (b. 1883 - d. 1960)
- French Family -
 5 Jun 1940 - 16 Jun 1940  Georges Pernot                     (b. 1879 - d. 1962)
16 Jun 1940 - 12 Jul 1940  Jean Ybarnegaray                   (b. 1883 - d. 1956)
- Youth and Family -
12 Jul 1940 -  6 Sep 1940  Jean Ybarnegaray                   (s.a.)
- Family and Health -
25 Feb 1941 - 12 Aug 1941  Jacques Chevalier                  (b. 1882 - d. 1952)
12 Aug 1941 - 18 Apr 1942  Serge Huard                        (b. 1897 - d. 1944)
18 Apr 1942 - 20 Aug 1944  Edmond Grasset                     (b. 1892 - d. 1968)
Commissioner (Free French government)
- Public Health -
 7 Jun 1943 -  9 Nov 1943  Jules Abadie                       (b. 1876 - d. 1953)
Ministers
- Public Health -
10 Sep 1944 - 21 Nov 1945  François Billoux                   (b. 1903 - d. 1978)
- Population -
21 Nov 1945 - 26 Jan 1946  Robert Prigent (1st time)          (b. 1910 - d. 1995)
- Public Health and Population -
26 Jan 1946 - 24 Jun 1946  Robert Prigent                     (s.a.)
- Population -
24 Jun 1946 - 16 Dec 1946  Robert Prigent                     (s.a.)
- Public Health -
24 Jun 1946 - 16 Dec 1946  René Arthaud                       (b. 1915 - d. 2007)
- Public Health and Population -
16 Dec 1946 - 22 Jan 1947  Pierre Segelle                     (b. 1899 - d. 1960)
22 Jan 1947 -  4 May 1947  Georges Marranne                   (b. 1888 - d. 1976)
 4 May 1947 -  9 May 1947  Marcel Roclore (interim)           (b. 1897 - d. 1966)
 9 May 1947 - 22 Oct 1947  Robert Prigent (2nd time)          (s.a.)
24 Nov 1947 - 26 Jul 1948  Germaine Poinso-Chapuis (f)        (b. 1901 - d. 1981)
26 Jul 1948 - 11 Aug 1951  Pierre Schneiter                   (b. 1905 - d. 1979)
11 Aug 1951 -  8 Jan 1953  Paul Ribeyre (1st time)            (b. 1906 - d. 1988)
 8 Jan 1953 -  9 Feb 1953  André Boutemy                      (b. 1905 - d. 1959)
11 Feb 1953 - 28 Jun 1953  Paul Ribeyre (2nd time)            (s.a.)
28 Jun 1953 - 19 Jun 1954  Paul Coste-Floret                  (b. 1911 - d. 1979)
19 Jun 1954 -  3 Sep 1954  Louis Aujoulat                     (b. 1910 - d. 1973)
 3 Sep 1954 - 23 Feb 1955  André Monteil                      (b. 1915 - d. 1998)
23 Feb 1955 -  1 Feb 1956  Bernard Lafay                      (b. 1903 - d. 1977)
 6 Nov 1957 - 14 May 1958  Félix Houphouët-Boigny             (b. 1905 - d. 1993)
14 May 1958 -  1 Jun 1958  André Maroselli                    (b. 1893 - d. 1970)
 7 Jul 1958 - 24 Aug 1961  Bernard Chenot                     (b. 1909 - d. 1995)
24 Aug 1961 - 15 May 1962  Joseph Fontanet                    (b. 1921 - d. 1980)
15 May 1962 - 20 Jun 1969  Raymond Marcellin                  (b. 1914 - d. 2004)
- Public Health and Social Security -
22 Jun 1969 -  6 Jul 1972  Robert Boulin                      (b. 1920 - d. 1979)
- Public Health -
 6 Jul 1972 -  5 Apr 1973  Jean Foyer                         (b. 1921 - d. 2008)
 5 Apr 1973 - 27 May 1974  Michel Poniatowski                 (b. 1922 - d. 2002)
- Health -
27 May 1974 - 29 Mar 1977  Simone Veil (f) (1st time)         (b. 1927)
- Health and Social Security -
29 Mar 1977 -  3 Apr 1978  Simone Veil (f)                    (s.a.)
- Health and Family -
 3 Apr 1978 -  4 Jul 1979  Simone Veil (f)                    (s.a.)
- Health and Social Security -
 4 Jul 1979 - 21 May 1981  Jacques Barrot                     (b. 1937)
- Health -
21 May 1981 - 22 Jun 1981  Edmond Hervé                       (b. 1942)
22 Jun 1981 - 22 Mar 1983  Jack Ralite                        (b. 1928)
- Health and Social Protection -
23 Jun 1988 - 15 May 1991  Claude Evin                        (b. 1949)
- Health and Humanitarian Action -
 2 Apr 1992 - 29 Mar 1993  Bernard Kouchner                   (b. 1939)
- Health -
29 Mar 1993 - 18 May 1995  Simone Veil (f) (2nd time)         (s.a.)
- Public Health and Sickness Insurance -
18 May 1995 -  7 Nov 1995  Elisabeth Hubert (f)               (b. 1956)
- Health, Family, and Handicapped People -
 7 May 2002 - 31 Mar 2004  Jean-François Mattéi               (b. 1943)
- Health and Social Protection -
31 Mar 2004 - 29 Nov 2004  Philippe Douste-Blazy              (b. 1953)
- Family and Childhood -
31 Mar 2004 - 29 Nov 2004  Marie-Josée Roig (f)               (b. 1938)
- Solidarities, Health, and Family -
29 Nov 2004 -  2 Jun 2005  Philippe Douste-Blazy              (s.a.)
- Health and Solidarities -
 2 Jun 2005 - 26 Mar 2007  Xavier Bertrand                    (b. 1965)
26 Mar 2007 - 18 May 2007  Philippe Bas                       (b. 1958)
- Health -
18 May 2007 - 14 Nov 2010  Roselyne Bachelot (f)              (b. 1951)
14 Nov 2010 - 16 May 2012  Xavier Bertrand                    (s.a.)
16 May 2012 -              Marisol Touraine (f)               (b. 1959)

Cooperation

Ministers
27 Mar 1959 -  5 Feb 1960  Robert Lecourt                     (b. 1908 - d. 2004)
18 May 1961 - 15 Apr 1962  Jean Foyer                         (b. 1921 - d. 2008)
15 Apr 1962 - 15 May 1962  Pierre Pflimlin                    (b. 1907 - d. 2000)
15 May 1962 - 28 Nov 1962  Georges Gorse                      (b. 1915 - d. 2002)
27 May 1974 - 12 Jan 1976  Pierre Abelin                      (b. 1909 - d. 1977)
12 Jan 1976 - 25 Aug 1976  Jean de Lipkowski                  (b. 1920 - d. 1997)
25 Aug 1976 - 22 May 1981  Robert Galley                      (b. 1921 - d. 2012)
20 Mar 1986 - 10 May 1988  Michel Aurillac                    (b. 1928)
- Cooperation and Development -
10 May 1988 - 16 May 1991  Jacques Pelletier                  (b. 1929 - d. 2007)
16 May 1991 -  2 Apr 1992  Edwige Avice (f)                   (b. 1945)
- Cooperation -
29 Mar 1993 - 12 Nov 1994  Michel Roussin                     (b. 1939)
12 Nov 1994 - 18 May 1995  Bernard Debré                      (b. 1944)
- Cooperation and Francophonie -
 7 May 2002 - 17 Jun 2002  Dominique de Villepin              (b. 1953)

Housing

Commissioner (Free French government)
- Reconstruction -
 7 Jun 1943 -  9 Nov 1943  Jean Monnet                        (b. 1888 - d. 1979)
Ministers
- Reconstruction and Town Planning -
16 Nov 1944 - 26 Jan 1946  Raoul Dautry                       (b. 1880 - d. 1951)
26 Jan 1946 - 16 Dec 1946  François Billoux                   (b. 1903 - d. 1978)
16 Dec 1946 - 22 Jan 1947  Jules Moch (1st time)              (b. 1893 - d. 1985)
22 Jan 1947 -  4 May 1947  Charles Tillon                     (b. 1897 - d. 1993)
 4 May 1947 -  9 May 1947  Jules Moch (2nd time) (interim)    (s.a.)
 9 May 1947 - 22 Oct 1947  Jean Letourneau                    (b. 1907 - d. 1986)
22 Oct 1947 - 24 Nov 1947  Jules Moch (3rd time)              (s.a.)
24 Nov 1947 - 11 Sep 1948  René Coty                          (b. 1882 - d. 1962)
11 Sep 1948 -  8 Jan 1953  Eugène Claudius-Petit (1st time)   (b. 1907 - d. 1989)
 8 Jan 1953 - 28 Jun 1953  Pierre Courant                     (b. 1897 - d. 1965)
- Reconstruction and Housing -
28 Jun 1953 - 14 Aug 1954  Maurice Lemaire (1st time)         (b. 1885 - d. 1975)
14 Aug 1954 -  3 Sep 1954  Eugène Claudius-Petit (2nd time)   (s.a.)
                           (interim)
 3 Sep 1954 - 12 Nov 1954  Jacques Chaban-Delmas              (b. 1915 - d. 2000)
12 Nov 1954 - 23 Feb 1955  Maurice Lemaire (2nd time)         (s.a.)
23 Feb 1955 -  1 Feb 1956  Roger Duchet                       (b. 1904 - d. 1981)
 6 Nov 1957 -  1 Jun 1958  Pierre Garet                       (b. 1905 - d. 1972)
 3 Jun 1958 -  9 Jun 1958  Michel Debré (interim)             (b. 1912 - d. 1996)
- Housing -
 6 Apr 1967 - 28 Apr 1967  Edgard Pisani                      (b. 1918)
28 Apr 1967 - 31 May 1968  François-Xavier Ortoli             (b. 1925 - d. 2007)
31 May 1968 - 10 Jul 1968  Robert Galley                      (b. 1921 - d. 2012)
10 Jul 1968 -  5 Jul 1972  Albin Chalandon                    (b. 1920)
 5 Jul 1972 - 27 Feb 1974  Olivier Guichard                   (b. 1920 - d. 2004)
21 May 1981 - 22 Jun 1981  Roger Quilliot                     (b. 1925 - d. 1998)
- Town Planning and Housing -
22 Jun 1981 -  4 Oct 1983  Roger Quilliot                     (s.a.)
 4 Oct 1983 - 20 Sep 1985  Paul Quilès                        (b. 1942)
20 Sep 1985 - 20 Mar 1986  Jean Auroux                        (b. 1942)
- Housing -
20 Mar 1986 - 10 May 1988  Pierre Méhaignerie                 (b. 1939)
10 May 1988 - 22 Feb 1989  Maurice Faure                      (b. 1922 - d. 2014)
22 Feb 1989 - 21 Dec 1990  Michel Delebarre                   (b. 1946)
21 Dec 1990 - 15 May 1991  Louis Besson                       (b. 1937)
15 May 1991 -  2 Apr 1992  Paul Quilès                        (b. 1942)
 2 Apr 1992 - 29 Mar 1993  Jean-Louis Bianco                  (b. 1943)
29 Mar 1993 - 18 May 1995  Hervé de Charette                  (b. 1938)
18 May 1995 -  7 Nov 1995  Pierre-André Périssol              (b. 1947)
 7 Nov 1995 -  4 Jun 1997  Bernard Pons                       (b. 1926)
 4 Jun 1997 -  7 May 2002  Jean-Claude Gayssot                (b. 1944)
 7 May 2002 - 31 Mar 2004  Gilles de Robien                   (b. 1941)
 2 Jun 2005 - 18 May 2007  Jean-Louis Borloo                  (b. 1951)
18 May 2007 - 14 Nov 2010  Christine Boutin (f)               (b. 1944)
14 Nov 2010 - 22 Feb 2012  Nathalie Kosciusko-Morizet (f)     (b. 1973)
- Equality of Territories and Housing -
16 May 2012 -  2 Apr 2014  Cécile Duflot (f)                  (b. 1975)
 2 Apr 2014 -              Sylvia Pinel (f)                   (b. 1977)

Tourism

Ministers
 5 Sep 1948 - 11 Sep 1948  Henri Queuille                     (b. 1884 - d. 1970)
11 Sep 1948 -  7 Feb 1950  Christian Pineau                   (b. 1904 - d. 1995)
 7 Feb 1950 -  2 Jul 1950  Jacques Chastellain (1st time)     (b. 1885 - d. 1965)
 2 Jul 1950 - 12 Jul 1950  Maurice Bourgès-Maunoury
                           (1st time)                         (b. 1914 - d. 1993)
12 Jul 1950 -  8 Mar 1952  Antoine Pinay (1st time)           (b. 1891 - d. 1994)
 8 Mar 1952 - 28 Jun 1953  André Morice                       (b. 1900 - d. 1990)
28 Jun 1953 - 19 Jun 1954  Jacques Chastellain (2nd time)     (s.a.)
19 Jun 1954 - 14 Aug 1954  Jacques Chaban-Delmas (1st time)   (b. 1915 - d. 2000)
14 Aug 1954 -  3 Sep 1954  Maurice Bourgès-Maunoury
                           (2nd time) (interim)               (s.a.)
 3 Sep 1954 - 23 Feb 1955  Jacques Chaban-Delmas (2nd time)   (s.a.)
23 Feb 1955 -  1 Feb 1956  Édouard Corniglion-Molinier        (b. 1899 - d. 1960)
13 Jun 1957 -  1 Jun 1958  Édouard Bonnefous                  (b. 1907 - d. 2007)
 3 Jun 1958 -  9 Jun 1958  Antoine Pinay (2nd time)           (s.a.)
                           (interim)
 9 Jun 1958 -  8 Jan 1959  Robert Buron                       (b. 1910 - d. 1973)
 4 Jun 1968 - 10 Jul 1968  Henry Rey                          (b. 1903 - d. 1977)
12 Jul 1972 - 27 Feb 1974  Olivier Guichard                   (b. 1920 - d. 2004)
22 Mar 1983 - 17 Jul 1984  Edith Cresson (f)                  (b. 1934)
17 Jul 1984 - 19 Feb 1986  Michel Crépeau                     (b. 1930 - d. 1999)
19 Feb 1986 - 20 Mar 1986  Jean-Marie Bockel                  (b. 1950)
20 Mar 1986 - 12 May 1988  Alain Madelin                      (b. 1946)
 5 Jul 1990 - 17 Jul 1990  Jean-Marie Rausch                  (b. 1929)
29 Mar 1993 - 18 May 1995  Bernard Bosson                     (b. 1948)
18 May 1995 -  7 Nov 1995  Françoise de Panafieu (f)          (b. 1948)
 7 Nov 1995 -  4 Jun 1997  Bernard Pons                       (b. 1926)
 7 May 2002 -  2 Jun 2005  Gilles de Robien                   (b. 1941)
 2 Jun 2005 - 18 May 2007  Dominique Perben                   (b. 1945)
21 Jun 2012 -  2 Apr 2014  Sylvia Pinel (f)                   (b. 1977)

Communication

Ministers
 5 Apr 1978 -  4 Mar 1981  Jean-Philippe Lecat                (b. 1935 - d. 2011)
22 May 1981 - 22 Mar 1983  Georges Fillioud                   (b. 1929 - d. 2011)
20 Mar 1986 - 10 May 1988  François Léotard                   (b. 1942)
10 May 1988 -  2 Apr 1992  Jack Lang                          (b. 1939)
29 Mar 1993 - 19 Jul 1994  Alain Carignon                     (b. 1949)
 4 Jun 1997 - 28 Mar 2000  Catherine Trautmann (f)            (b. 1951)
28 Mar 2000 -  7 May 2002  Catherine Tasca (f)                (b. 1941)
 7 May 2002 - 31 Mar 2004  Jean-Jacques Aillagon              (b. 1946)
31 Mar 2004 - 18 May 2007  Renaud Donnedieu de Vabres         (b. 1954)
18 May 2007 - 23 Jun 2009  Christine Albanel (f)              (b. 1955)
23 Jun 2009 - 16 May 2012  Frédéric Mitterrand                (b. 1947)
16 May 2012 - 26 Aug 2014  Aurélie Filippetti (f)             (b. 1973)
26 Aug 2014 -              Fleur Pellerin (f)                 (b. 1973)

Posts and Telecommunications

Ministers
- Posts and Telegraphs -
 5 Feb 1879 -  6 Apr 1885  Adolphe Cochery                    (b. 1829 - d. 1900)
 6 Apr 1885 -  7 Jan 1886  Ferdinand Sarrien                  (b. 1840 - d. 1915)
 7 Jan 1886 - 30 May 1887  Félix Granet                       (b. 1849 - d. 1936)
20 Mar 1894 - 30 May 1894  Jean Marty                         (s.a.)
30 May 1894 - 26 Jan 1895  Victor Lourties                    (b. 1844 - d. 1922)
26 Jan 1895 -  1 Nov 1895  André Lebon                        (b. 1858 - d. 1938)
 1 Nov 1895 - 29 Apr 1896  Gustave Mesureur                   (b. 1847 - d. 1925)
29 Apr 1896 - 28 Jun 1898  Henry Boucher                      (b. 1847 - d. 1927)
28 Jun 1898 -  1 Nov 1898  Émile Maruéjouls                   (b. 1837 - d. 1908)
 1 Nov 1898 - 22 Jun 1899  Paul Delombre                      (b. 1848 - d. 1933)
22 Jun 1899 -  7 Jun 1902  Alexandre Millerand (1st time)     (b. 1859 - d. 1943)
 7 Jun 1902 - 24 Jan 1905  Georges Trouillot (1st time)       (b. 1851 - d. 1916)
24 Jan 1905 - 12 Nov 1905  Fernand Dubief                     (b. 1850 - d. 1916)
12 Nov 1905 - 14 Mar 1906  Georges Trouillot (2nd time)       (s.a.)
14 Mar 1906 - 24 Jul 1909  Louis Barthou                      (b. 1862 - d. 1934)
24 Jul 1909 -  3 Nov 1910  Alexandre Millerand (2nd time)     (s.a.)
 3 Nov 1910 -  2 Mar 1911  Louis Puech                        (b. 1851 - d. 1947)
 2 Mar 1911 - 27 Jun 1911  Charles Dumont                     (b. 1867 - d. 1939)
27 Jun 1911 - 14 Jan 1912  Victor Augagneur                   (b. 1855 - d. 1931)
14 Jan 1912 - 22 Mar 1913  Jean Dupuy                         (b. 1844 - d. 1919)
22 Mar 1913 -  9 Dec 1913  Alfred Massé (2nd time)            (s.a.)
 9 Dec 1913 - 17 Mar 1914  Louis Malvy                        (b. 1875 - d. 1949)
17 Mar 1914 -  9 Jun 1914  Raoul Péret                        (b. 1870 - d. 1942)
 9 Jun 1914 - 13 Jun 1914  Marc Réville                       (b. 1863 - d. 1920)
13 Jun 1914 - 29 Oct 1915  Gaston Thomson                     (b. 1848 - d. 1932)
29 Oct 1915 - 27 Nov 1919  Étienne Clémentel                  (b. 1864 - d. 1936)
27 Nov 1919 - 20 Jan 1920  Louis Dubois                       (b. 1859 - d. 1946)
29 Mar 1924 -  9 Jun 1924  Louis Loucheur                     (b. 1872 - d. 1931)
 9 Jun 1924 - 14 Jun 1924  Pierre Étienne Flandin             (b. 1889 - d. 1958)
14 Sep 1928 - 11 Nov 1928  Henry Chéron                       (b. 1867 - d. 1936)
- Posts, Telegraphs, and Telephones -
 3 Nov 1929 - 21 Feb 1930  Louis Germain-Martin               (b. 1872 - d. 1948)
21 Feb 1930 -  2 Mar 1930  Julien Durand                      (b. 1874 - d. 1973)
 2 Mar 1930 - 13 Dec 1930  André Mallarmé (1st time)          (b. 1877 - d. 1956)
13 Dec 1930 - 27 Jan 1931  Georges Bonnet                     (b. 1889 - d. 1973)
27 Jan 1931 - 20 Feb 1932  Charles Guernier                   (b. 1870 - d. 1943)
20 Feb 1932 -  3 Jun 1932  Louis Rollin                       (b. 1879 - d. 1952)
 3 Jun 1932 - 18 Dec 1932  Henri Queuille                     (b. 1884 - d. 1970)
18 Dec 1932 - 26 Oct 1933  Laurent Eynac                      (b. 1886 - d. 1970)
26 Oct 1933 - 30 Jan 1934  Jean Mistler                       (b. 1897 - d. 1988)
30 Jan 1934 -  9 Feb 1934  Paul Bernier                       (b. 1868 - d. 1957)
 9 Feb 1934 -  8 Nov 1934  André Mallarmé (2nd time)          (s.a.)
 8 Nov 1934 -  4 Jun 1936  Georges Mandel                     (b. 1885 - d. 1944)
 4 Jun 1936 - 22 Jun 1937  Robert Jardillier                  (b. 1890 - d. 1945)
22 Jun 1937 - 18 Jan 1938  Jean-Baptiste Lebas (1st time)     (b. 1878 - d. 1944)
18 Jan 1938 - 13 Mar 1938  Fernand Gentin                     (b. 1876 - d. 1946)
13 Mar 1938 - 10 Apr 1938  Jean-Baptiste Lebas (2nd time)     (s.a.)
10 Apr 1938 - 21 Mar 1940  Alfred Jules-Julien                (b. 1882 - d. 1977)
- Posts, Telegraphs, and Telephones, and Transmissions -
21 Mar 1940 - 16 Jun 1940  Alfred Jules-Julien                (s.a.)
- Transmissions -
27 Jun 1940 - 12 Jul 1940  André Février                      (b. 1885 - d. 1961)
- Communication -
12 Jul 1940 -  6 Sep 1940  François Piétri                    (b. 1882 - d. 1966)
 6 Sep 1940 - 18 Apr 1942  Jean Berthelot                     (b. 1897 - d. 1985)
18 Apr 1942 - 18 Nov 1942  Robert Gibrat                      (b. 1904 - d. 1980)
18 Nov 1942 - 20 Aug 1944  Jean Bichelonne                    (b. 1904 - d. 1944)
- Posts -
10 Sep 1944 - 27 Jun 1945  Augustin Laurent                   (b. 1895 - d. 1990)
27 Jun 1945 - 26 Jan 1946  Eugène Thomas (1st time)           (b. 1903 - d. 1969)
26 Jan 1946 - 16 Dec 1946  Jean Letourneau                    (b. 1907 - d. 1986)
16 Dec 1946 - 22 Jan 1947  Eugène Thomas (2nd time)           (s.a.)
 9 May 1947 - 22 Oct 1947  Eugène Thomas (3rd time)           (s.a.)
29 Oct 1949 -  7 Feb 1950  Eugène Thomas (4th time)           (s.a.)
 7 Feb 1950 - 11 Aug 1951  Charles Brune                      (b. 1891 - d. 1956)
11 Aug 1951 -  4 Oct 1951  Joseph Laniel                      (b. 1889 - d. 1975)
 4 Oct 1951 - 20 Jan 1952  Roger Duchet                       (b. 1904 - d. 1981)
- Posts, Telegraphs, and Telephones -
20 Jan 1952 -  8 Mar 1952  Roger Duchet                       (s.a.)
- Posts -
 8 Mar 1952 - 28 Jun 1953  Roger Duchet                       (s.a.)
28 Jun 1953 - 19 Jun 1954  Pierre Ferri                       (b. 1904 - d. 1993)
23 Feb 1955 -  1 Feb 1956  Édouard Bonnefous                  (b. 1907 - d. 2007)
 9 Jun 1958 -  8 Jan 1959  Eugène Thomas (5th time)           (s.a.)
- Posts and Telecommunications -
 8 Jan 1959 -  5 Feb 1960  Bernard Cornut-Gentille            (b. 1909 - d. 1992)
 5 Feb 1960 - 15 Apr 1962  Michel Maurice-Bokanowski          (b. 1912 - d. 2005)
15 Apr 1962 -  6 Apr 1967  Jacques Marette                    (b. 1922 - d. 1984)
 6 Apr 1967 - 31 May 1968  Yves Guéna (1st time)              (b. 1922)
31 May 1968 - 10 Jul 1968  André Bettencourt                  (b. 1919 - d. 2007)
10 Jul 1968 - 22 Jun 1969  Yves Guéna (2nd time)              (s.a.)
22 Jun 1969 -  6 Jul 1972  Robert Galley                      (b. 1921 - d. 2012)
 6 Jul 1972 -  1 Mar 1974  Hubert Germain (1st time)          (b. 1920)
 1 Mar 1974 - 11 Apr 1974  Jean Royer                         (b. 1920 - d. 2011)
11 Apr 1974 - 27 May 1974  Hubert Germain (2nd time)          (s.a.)
                           (interim)
- Posts -
22 May 1981 - 22 Mar 1983  Louis Mexandeau                    (b. 1931)
- Posts and Telecommunications -
20 Mar 1986 - 12 May 1988  Alain Madelin                      (b. 1946)
12 May 1988 - 15 May 1991  Paul Quilès                        (b. 1942)
 2 Apr 1992 - 29 Mar 1993  Émile Zuccarelli                   (b. 1940)
29 Mar 1993 - 14 Oct 1994  Gérard Longuet                     (b. 1946)
17 Oct 1994 - 18 May 1995  José Rossi                         (b. 1944)
- Information Technologies and Post -
18 May 1995 -  7 Nov 1995  François Fillon                    (b. 1954)
- Posts and Telecommunications -
 7 Nov 1995 -  4 Jun 1997  Franck Borotra                     (b. 1937)

Information

Ministers
- Propaganda -
13 Mar 1938 - 10 Apr 1938  Ludovic-Oscar Frossard             (b. 1889 - d. 1946)
- Information -
21 Mar 1940 -  5 Jun 1940  Ludovic-Oscar Frossard             (s.a.)
 5 Jun 1940 - 16 Jun 1940  Jean Prouvost                      (b. 1885 - d. 1978)
   Dec 1940 -  2 Jan 1941  Paul Baudoin                       (b. 1894 - d. 1964)
25 Feb 1941 - 12 Aug 1941  Henri Moysset                      (b. 1875 - d. 1949)
- Information and Propaganda -
12 Aug 1941 - 18 Apr 1942  Paul Marion                        (b. 1898 - d. 1954)
- Information -
18 Apr 1942 - 20 Aug 1944  Pierre Laval                       (b. 1883 - d. 1945)
Commissioners (Free French government)
24 Sep 1941 - 28 Jul 1942  André Diethelm                     (b. 1896 - d. 1954)
28 Jul 1942 -  7 Jun 1943  Jacques Soustelle                  (b. 1912 - d. 1990)
 7 Jun 1943 - 10 Sep 1944  Henri Bonnet                       (b. 1888 - d. 1978)
Ministers
10 Sep 1944 - 30 May 1945  Pierre-Henri Teitgen               (b. 1908 - d. 1997)
30 May 1945 - 21 Nov 1945  Jacques Soustelle (1st time)       (s.a.)
21 Nov 1945 - 26 Jan 1946  André Malraux (1st time)           (b. 1901 - d. 1976)
 2 Jul 1950 - 12 Jul 1950  Jean Letourneau                    (b. 1907 - d. 1986)
12 Jul 1950 - 11 Aug 1951  Albert Gazier (1st time)           (b. 1908 - d. 1997)
11 Aug 1951 -  8 Mar 1952  Robert Buron                       (b. 1910 - d. 1973)
17 May 1958 -  1 Jun 1958  Albert Gazier (2nd time)           (s.a.)
- Radio, Television, and Press -
12 Jun 1958 -  7 Jul 1958  André Malraux (2nd time)           (s.a.)
- Information -
 7 Jul 1958 -  8 Jan 1959  Jacques Soustelle (2nd time)       (s.a.)
 8 Jan 1959 -  5 Feb 1960  Roger Frey                         (b. 1913 - d. 1997)
 5 Feb 1960 - 24 Aug 1961  Louis Terrenoire                   (b. 1908 - d. 1992)
28 Nov 1962 -  8 Jan 1966  Alain Peyrefitte                   (b. 1925 - d. 1999)
 6 Apr 1967 - 31 May 1968  Georges Gorse                      (b. 1915 - d. 2002)
31 May 1968 - 10 Jul 1968  Yves Guéna                         (b. 1922)
 5 Apr 1973 - 23 Oct 1973  Philippe Malaud                    (b. 1925 - d. 2007)
23 Oct 1973 - 24 May 1974  Jean-Philippe Lecat                (b. 1935 - d. 2011)

Coordination of Services of the Presidency of the Council

Minister
13 Mar 1938 - 10 Apr 1938  Vincent Auriol                     (b. 1884 - d. 1966)

Industrial Reconstitution

Minister
26 Nov 1918 - 20 Jan 1920  Louis Loucheur                     (b. 1872 - d. 1931)

Civil Service

Ministers
 2 Jul 1950 - 12 Jul 1950  Paul Giacobbi                      (b. 1896 - d. 1951)
- General Civil Servants Statuses -
14 Jun 1958 -  8 Jan 1959  Guy Mollet                         (b. 1905 - d. 1975)
- Civil Service -
 6 Apr 1967 - 31 May 1968  Edmond Michelet                    (b. 1899 - d. 1970)
31 May 1968 - 10 Jul 1968  Robert Boulin                      (b. 1920 - d. 1979)
23 Oct 1973 - 27 Feb 1974  Philippe Malaud                    (b. 1925 - d. 2007)
10 May 1988 - 15 May 1991  Michel Durafour                    (b. 1920)
15 May 1991 -  2 Apr 1992  Jean-Pierre Soisson                (b. 1934)
 2 Apr 1992 - 29 Mar 1993  Michel Delebarre                   (b. 1946)
29 Mar 1993 - 18 May 1995  André Rossinot                     (b. 1939)
18 May 1995 -  7 Nov 1995  Jean Puech                         (b. 1942)
 7 Nov 1995 -  4 Jun 1997  Dominique Perben                   (b. 1945)
 4 Jun 1997 - 28 Mar 2000  Émile Zuccarelli                   (b. 1940)
28 Mar 2000 -  7 May 2002  Michel Sapin                       (b. 1952)
 7 May 2002 - 31 Mar 2004  Jean-Paul Delevoye                 (b. 1947)
31 Mar 2004 -  2 Jun 2005  Renaud Dutreil                     (b. 1960)
 2 Jun 2005 - 18 May 2007  Christian Jacob                    (b. 1959)
18 May 2007 - 14 Nov 2010  Eric Woerth                        (b. 1956)
14 Nov 2010 - 29 Jun 2011  François Baroin                    (b. 1965)
29 Jun 2011 - 16 May 2012  François Sauvadet                  (b. 1953)
16 May 2012 -              Marylise Lebranchu (f)             (b. 1947)

City

Ministers
22 Dec 1990 -  2 Apr 1992  Michel Delebarre                   (b. 1946)
 2 Apr 1992 - 23 May 1992  Bernard Tapie (1st time)           (b. 1943)
26 Dec 1992 - 29 Mar 1993  Bernard Tapie (2nd time)           (s.a.)
29 Mar 1993 - 18 May 1995  Simone Veil (f)                    (b. 1927)
 7 Nov 1995 -  4 Jun 1997  Jean-Claude Gaudin                 (b. 1939)
18 May 2007 - 15 Jan 2009  Christine Boutin (f)               (b. 1944)
15 Jan 2009 - 14 Nov 2010  Brice Hortefeux                    (b. 1958)
14 Nov 2010 - 16 May 2012  Maurice Leroy                      (b. 1959)
 2 Apr 2014 - 26 Aug 2014  Najat Vallaud-Belkacem (f)         (b. 1977)
26 Aug 2014 -              Patrick Kanner                     (b. 1957)

Regional Planning

Ministers
12 Jul 1972 - 28 May 1974  Olivier Guichard                   (b. 1920 - d. 2004)
29 Mar 1977 - 26 Sep 1977  Jean-Pierre Fourcade               (b. 1929)
26 Sep 1977 -  5 Apr 1978  Fernand Icart                      (b. 1921 - d. 2008)
22 May 1981 - 22 Mar 1983  Michel Rocard                      (b. 1930)
17 Jul 1984 - 20 Mar 1986  Gaston Defferre                    (b. 1910 - d. 1986)
20 Mar 1986 - 10 May 1988  Pierre Méhaignerie                 (b. 1939)
15 May 1991 -  2 Apr 1992  Michel Delebarre                   (b. 1946)
29 Mar 1993 - 18 May 1995  Charles Pasqua                     (b. 1927)
18 May 1995 -  7 Nov 1995  Bernard Pons                       (b. 1926)
 7 Nov 1995 -  4 Jun 1997  Jean-Claude Gaudin                 (b. 1939)
 4 Jun 1997 - 10 Jul 2001  Dominique Voynet (f)               (b. 1958)
10 Jul 2001 -  7 May 2002  Yves Cochet                        (b. 1946)
 7 May 2002 - 31 Mar 2004  Jean-Paul Delevoye                 (b. 1947)
31 Mar 2004 -  2 Jun 2005  Gilles de Robien                   (b. 1941)
 2 Jun 2005 - 26 Mar 2007  Nicolas Sarkozy                    (b. 1955)
26 Mar 2007 - 18 May 2007  François Baroin                    (b. 1965)
- Sustainable Planning -
18 May 2007 - 19 Jun 2007  Alain Juppé                        (b. 1945)
19 Jun 2007 - 18 Mar 2008  Jean-Louis Borloo                  (b. 1951)
- Regional Planning -
18 Mar 2008 - 23 Jun 2009  Jean-Louis Borloo                  (s.a.)
- Rural Space and Regional Planning -
23 Jun 2009 - 14 Nov 2010  Michel Mercier                     (b. 1947)
- Regional Planning -
14 Nov 2010 - 16 May 2012  Bruno Le Maire                     (b. 1969)

Commerce

Ministers
- Agriculture and Commerce -
 4 Sep 1870 - 19 Feb 1871  Pierre Magnin                      (b. 1824 - d. 1910)
19 Feb 1871 -  5 Jun 1871  Félix Lambrecht                    (b. 1819 - d. 1871)
 5 Jun 1871 -  6 Feb 1872  Victor Lefranc                     (b. 1809 - d. 1883)
 6 Feb 1872 - 23 Apr 1872  Eugène de Goulard                  (b. 1808 - d. 1874)
23 Apr 1872 - 25 May 1873  Pierre Teisserenc de Bort
                           (1st time)                         (b. 1814 - d. 1892)
25 May 1873 - 26 Nov 1873  Joseph de la Bouillerie            (b. 1822 - d. 1894)
29 Nov 1873 - 22 May 1874  Alfred Deseilligny                 (b. 1828 - d. 1875)
22 May 1874 - 10 Mar 1875  Louis Grivart                      (b. 1829 - d. 1901)
10 Mar 1875 -  9 Mar 1876  Marie Camille Alfred, vicomte de
                           Meaux (1st time)                   (b. 1830 - d. 1907)
 9 Mar 1876 - 17 May 1877  Pierre Teisserenc de Bort
                           (2nd time)                         (s.a.)
17 May 1877 - 23 Nov 1877  Marie Camille Alfred, vicomte de
                           Meaux (2nd time)                   (s.a.)
23 Nov 1877 - 13 Dec 1877  Jules Ozenne                       (b. 1809 - d. 1889)
13 Dec 1877 -  4 Feb 1879  Pierre Teisserenc de Bort
                           (3rd time)                         (s.a.)
 4 Feb 1879 -  4 Mar 1879  Charles Lepère                     (b. 1823 - d. 1885)
 5 Mar 1879 - 14 Nov 1881  Pierre Tirard (1st time)           (b. 1827 - d. 1893)
- Commerce -
14 Nov 1881 - 30 Jan 1882  Maurice Rouvier (1st time)         (b. 1842 - d. 1911)
30 Jan 1882 -  7 Aug 1882  Pierre Tirard (2nd time)           (s.a.)
 7 Aug 1882 - 21 Feb 1883  Pierre Legrand (1st time)          (b. 1834 - d. 1895)
21 Feb 1883 - 14 Oct 1884  Anne Charles Hérisson              (b. 1831 - d. 1893)
14 Oct 1884 -  6 Apr 1885  Maurice Rouvier (2nd time)         (s.a.)
 6 Apr 1885 -  9 Nov 1885  Pierre Legrand (2nd time)          (s.a.)
 9 Nov 1885 -  7 Jan 1886  Lucien Dautresme (1st time)        (b. 1826 - d. 1892)
- Commerce and Industry -
 7 Jan 1886 - 30 May 1887  Édouard Locroy                     (b. 1838 - d. 1913)
30 May 1887 -  3 Apr 1888  Lucien Dautresme (2nd time)        (s.a.)
 3 Apr 1888 - 22 Feb 1889  Pierre Legrand (3rd time)          (s.a.)
22 Feb 1889 - 17 Mar 1890  Pierre Tirard (3rd time)           (s.a.)
17 Mar 1890 -  6 Dec 1892  Jules Roche                        (b. 1841 - d. 1923)
 6 Dec 1892 -  4 Apr 1893  Jules Siegfried                    (b. 1837 - d. 1922)
 4 Apr 1893 -  3 Dec 1893  Louis Terrier                      (b. 1854 - d. 1895)
 3 Dec 1893 - 30 May 1894  Jean Marty                         (b. 1838 - d. 1916)
30 May 1894 - 26 Jan 1895  Victor Lourties                    (b. 1844 - d. 1922)
26 Jan 1895 -  1 Nov 1895  André Lebon                        (b. 1858 - d. 1938)
 1 Nov 1895 - 29 Apr 1896  Gustave Mesureur                   (b. 1847 - d. 1925)
29 Apr 1896 - 28 Jun 1898  Henry Boucher                      (b. 1847 - d. 1927)
28 Jun 1898 -  1 Nov 1898  Émile Maruéjouls                   (b. 1837 - d. 1908)
 1 Nov 1898 - 22 Jun 1899  Paul Delombre                      (b. 1848 - d. 1933)
22 Jun 1899 -  7 Jun 1902  Alexandre Millerand                (b. 1859 - d. 1943)
 7 Jun 1902 - 24 Jan 1905  Georges Trouillot (1st time)       (b. 1851 - d. 1916)
24 Jan 1905 - 12 Nov 1905  Fernand Dubief                     (b. 1850 - d. 1916)
12 Nov 1905 - 14 Mar 1906  Georges Trouillot (2nd time)       (s.a.)
14 Mar 1906 -  4 Jan 1908  Gaston Doumergue                   (b. 1863 - d. 1937)
 4 Jan 1908 - 24 Jul 1909  Jean Cruppi                        (b. 1855 - d. 1933)
24 Jul 1909 -  2 Mar 1911  Jean Dupuy                         (b. 1844 - d. 1919)
 2 Mar 1911 - 27 Jun 1911  Alfred Massé (1st time)            (b. 1870 - d. 1951)
27 Jun 1911 - 14 Jan 1912  Maurice Couyba                     (b. 1866 - d. 1931)
14 Jan 1912 - 21 Jan 1913  Fernand David                      (b. 1869 - d. 1935)
21 Jan 1913 - 22 Mar 1913  Gabriel Guist'hau                  (b. 1863 - d. 1931)
22 Mar 1913 -  9 Dec 1913  Alfred Massé (2nd time)            (s.a.)
 9 Dec 1913 - 17 Mar 1914  Louis Malvy                        (b. 1875 - d. 1949)
17 Mar 1914 -  9 Jun 1914  Raoul Péret                        (b. 1870 - d. 1942)
 9 Jun 1914 - 13 Jun 1914  Marc Réville                       (b. 1863 - d. 1920)
13 Jun 1914 - 29 Oct 1915  Gaston Thomson                     (b. 1848 - d. 1932)
29 Oct 1915 - 16 Nov 1917  Étienne Clémentel                  (b. 1864 - d. 1936)
- Commerce, Industry, Maritime Transports, and Merchant Navy -
16 Nov 1917 -  5 May 1919  Étienne Clémentel                  (s.a.)
- Commerce and Industry -
 5 May 1919 - 27 Nov 1919  Étienne Clémentel                  (s.a.)
27 Nov 1919 - 20 Jan 1920  Louis Dubois                       (b. 1859 - d. 1946)
20 Jan 1920 - 16 Jan 1921  Auguste Isaac                      (b. 1849 - d. 1938)
16 Jan 1921 - 29 Mar 1924  Lucien Dior                        (b. 1867 - d. 1932)
29 Mar 1924 -  9 Jun 1924  Louis Loucheur (1st time)          (b. 1872 - d. 1931)
 9 Jun 1924 - 14 Jun 1924  Pierre Étienne Flandin (1st time)  (b. 1889 - d. 1958)
14 Jun 1924 - 17 Apr 1925  Eugène Raynaldy                    (b. 1869 - d. 1938)
17 Apr 1925 - 29 Oct 1925  Charles Chaumet                    (b. 1866 - d. 1932)
29 Oct 1925 - 23 Jun 1926  Charles Daniel-Vincent             (b. 1874 - d. 1960)
23 Jun 1926 - 19 Jul 1926  Fernand Chapsal (1st time)         (b. 1862 - d. 1939)
19 Jul 1926 - 23 Jul 1926  Louis Loucheur (2nd time)          (s.a.)
23 Jul 1926 -  2 Sep 1928  Maurice Bokanowski                 (b. 1879 - d. 1928)
14 Sep 1928 - 11 Nov 1928  Henry Chéron                       (b. 1867 - d. 1936)
11 Nov 1928 -  3 Nov 1929  Georges Bonnefous                  (b. 1867 - d. 1956)
 3 Nov 1929 - 21 Feb 1930  Pierre Étienne Flandin (2nd time)  (s.a.)
21 Feb 1930 -  2 Mar 1930  Georges Bonnet (1st time)          (b. 1889 - d. 1973)
 2 Mar 1930 - 13 Dec 1930  Pierre Étienne Flandin (3rd time)  (s.a.)
13 Dec 1930 - 27 Jan 1931  Louis Loucheur (3rd time)          (s.a.)
27 Jan 1931 - 20 Feb 1932  Louis Rollin (1st time)            (b. 1879 - d. 1952)
20 Feb 1932 -  3 Jun 1932  Louis Rollin                       (s.a.)
 3 Jun 1932 - 31 Jan 1933  Julien Durand                      (b. 1874 - d. 1973)
31 Jan 1933 - 26 Oct 1933  Louis Serre                        (b. 1873 - d. 1939)
26 Oct 1933 - 30 Jan 1934  Laurent Eynac (1st time)           (b. 1886 - d. 1970)
30 Jan 1934 -  9 Feb 1934  Jean Mistler                       (b. 1897 - d. 1988)
 9 Feb 1934 -  8 Nov 1934  Lucien Lamoureux                   (b. 1888 - d. 1970)
 8 Nov 1934 -  1 Jun 1935  Paul Marchandeau                   (b. 1882 - d. 1968)
 1 Jun 1935 -  7 Jun 1935  Laurent Eynac (2nd time)           (s.a.)
 7 Jun 1935 -  4 Jun 1936  Georges Bonnet (2nd time)          (s.a.)
- Commerce -
 4 Jun 1936 - 22 Jun 1937  Paul Bastid                        (b. 1892 - d. 1974)
22 Jun 1937 - 18 Jan 1938  Fernand Chapsal (2nd time)         (s.a.)
18 Jan 1938 - 10 Apr 1938  Pierre Cot                         (b. 1895 - d. 1977)
10 Apr 1938 - 21 Mar 1940  Fernand Gentin                     (b. 1876 - d. 1946)
- Commerce and Industry -
21 Mar 1940 - 18 May 1940  Louis Rollin (2nd time)            (s.a.)
18 May 1940 -  5 Jun 1940  Léon Baréty                        (b. 1883 - d. 1971)
 5 Jun 1940 - 16 Jun 1940  Albert Chichery                    (b. 1888 - d. 1944)
- Commerce -
16 Jun 1940 - 12 Jul 1940  Yves Bouthillier                   (b. 1901 - d. 1977)
Commissioner (Free French government)
 7 Jun 1943 -  9 Nov 1943  André Diethelm                     (b. 1896 - d. 1954)
Ministers
22 Jan 1947 - 11 Aug 1947  Jean Letourneau                    (b. 1907 - d. 1986)
11 Aug 1947 - 22 Oct 1947  Robert Lacoste (1st time)          (b. 1898 - d. 1989)
24 Nov 1947 -  7 Feb 1950  Robert Lacoste (2nd time)          (s.a.)
 7 Feb 1950 - 11 Aug 1951  Jean-Marie Louvel (1st time)       (b. 1900 - d. 1970)
11 Aug 1951 - 20 Jan 1952  Pierre Pflimlin                    (b. 1907 - d. 2000)
20 Jan 1952 -  8 Mar 1952  Édouard Bonnefous                  (b. 1907 - d. 2007)
 8 Mar 1952 -  8 Jan 1953  Jean-Marie Louvel (2nd time)       (s.a.)
 8 Jan 1953 - 11 Feb 1953  Paul Ribeyre (1st time)            (b. 1906 - d. 1988)
11 Feb 1953 - 28 Jun 1953  Guy Petit                          (b. 1905 - d. 1988)
28 Jun 1953 - 19 Jun 1954  Jean-Marie Louvel (3rd time)       (s.a.)
19 Jun 1954 -  3 Sep 1954  Maurice Bourgès-Maunoury           (b. 1914 - d. 1993)
 3 Sep 1954 - 23 Feb 1955  Henri Ulver                        (b. 1901 - d. 1962)
23 Feb 1955 -  1 Feb 1956  André Morice                       (b. 1900 - d. 1990)
 6 Nov 1957 -  1 Jun 1958  Paul Ribeyre (2nd time)            (s.a.)
 9 Jun 1958 -  8 Jan 1959  Édouard Ramonet                    (b. 1909 - d. 1980)
 8 Jan 1959 - 14 Apr 1962  Jean-Marcel Jeanneney              (b. 1910 - d. 2010)
 6 Jul 1972 -  5 Apr 1973  Yvon Bourges                       (b. 1921 - d. 2009)
- Commerce and Craft Industry -
 5 Apr 1973 -  1 Mar 1974  Jean Royer                         (b. 1920 - d. 2011)
 1 Mar 1974 - 28 May 1974  Yves Guéna                         (b. 1922)
28 May 1974 - 25 Aug 1976  Vincent Ansquer                    (b. 1925 - d. 1987)
25 Aug 1976 - 30 Mar 1977  Pierre Brousse                     (b. 1926 - d. 1992)
30 Mar 1977 -  5 Apr 1978  René Monory                        (b. 1923 - d. 2009)
 5 Apr 1978 -  4 Jul 1979  Jacques Barrot                     (b. 1937)
 4 Jul 1979 - 22 May 1981  Maurice Charretier                 (b. 1926 - d. 1987)
22 May 1981 - 22 Mar 1983  André Delelis                      (b. 1924 - d. 2012)
22 Mar 1983 - 19 Feb 1986  Michel Crépeau                     (b. 1930 - d. 1999)
19 Feb 1986 - 20 Mar 1986  Jean-Marie Bockel                  (b. 1950)
- Companies and Economical Development -
29 Mar 1993 - 18 May 1995  Alain Madelin                      (b. 1946)
- Small and Medium-sized Companies, Commerce, and Craft Industry -
18 May 1995 -  4 Jun 1997  Jean-Pierre Raffarin               (b. 1948)
- Small and Medium-sized Companies, Commerce, Craft Industry, and Liberal Professions -
29 Nov 2004 -  2 Jun 2005  Christian Jacob                    (b. 1959)
 2 Jun 2005 - 18 May 2007  Renaud Dutreil                     (b. 1960)
- Craft Industry and Commerce -
21 Jun 2012 -  2 Apr 2014  Sylvia Pinel (f)                   (b. 1977)

External Commerce

Ministers
- External Economic Relations -
11 Aug 1951 - 20 Jan 1952  Pierre Pflimlin                    (b. 1907 - d. 2000)
- External Commerce -
12 Jan 1976 - 25 Aug 1976  Raymond Barre                      (b. 1924 - d. 2007)
25 Aug 1976 -  3 Apr 1978  André Rossi                        (b. 1921 - d. 1994)
 3 Apr 1978 -  2 Oct 1980  Jean-François Deniau               (b. 1928 - d. 2007)
 2 Oct 1980 - 22 May 1981  Michel Cointat                     (b. 1921 - d. 2013)
22 May 1981 - 22 Mar 1983  Michel Jobert                      (b. 1921 - d. 2002)
22 Mar 1983 - 20 Mar 1986  Edith Cresson (f)                  (b. 1934)
10 May 1988 - 23 Jun 1988  Roger Fauroux                      (b. 1926)
23 Jun 1988 - 15 May 1991  Jean-Marie Rausch                  (b. 1929)
 2 Apr 1992 - 29 Mar 1993  Dominique Strauss-Kahn             (b. 1949)
29 Mar 1993 - 14 Oct 1994  Gérard Longuet                     (b. 1946)
17 Oct 1994 - 18 May 1995  José Rossi                         (b. 1944)
16 May 2012 - 21 Jun 2012  Pierre Moscovici                   (b. 1957)
21 Jun 2012 -  2 Apr 2014  Nicole Bricq (f)                   (b. 1947)

Research and Technology

Ministers
- Scientific Research and Atomic and Space Questions -
15 Apr 1962 - 22 Feb 1965  Gaston Palewski                    (b. 1901 - d. 1984)
 6 Apr 1967 - 31 May 1968  Maurice Schumann                   (b. 1911 - d. 1998)
31 May 1968 - 10 Jul 1968  Christian de La Malène             (b. 1920 - d. 2007)
- Research -
27 May 1974 - 29 Mar 1977  Michel d'Ornano                    (b. 1924 - d. 1991)
- Research and Technologies -
22 May 1981 - 22 Mar 1983  Jean-Pierre Chevènement            (b. 1939)
- Research -
22 Mar 1983 - 17 Jul 1984  Laurent Fabius                     (b. 1946)
- Research and Technologies -
17 Jul 1984 - 20 Mar 1986  Hubert Curien (1st time)           (b. 1924 - d. 2005)
10 May 1988 - 23 Jun 1988  Lionel Jospin                      (b. 1937)
23 Jun 1988 -  2 Apr 1992  Hubert Curien (2nd time)           (s.a.)
- Research -
 2 Apr 1992 - 29 Mar 1993  Hubert Curien                      (s.a.)
- Higher Education and Research -
29 Mar 1993 - 18 May 1995  François Fillon (1st time)         (b. 1954)
18 May 1995 -  4 Jun 1997  François Bayrou                    (b. 1951)
- Research and Technology -
 4 Jun 1997 - 28 Mar 2000  Claude Allègre                     (b. 1937)
28 Mar 2000 -  7 May 2002  Roger-Gérard Schwartzenberg        (b. 1943)
- Research -
 7 May 2002 - 31 Mar 2004  Luc Ferry                          (b. 1951)
- Higher Education and Research -
31 Mar 2004 -  2 Jun 2005  François Fillon (2nd time)         (s.a.)
 2 Jun 2005 - 18 May 2007  Gilles de Robien                   (b. 1941)
18 May 2007 - 29 Jun 2011  Valérie Pécresse (f)               (b. 1967)
29 Jun 2011 - 16 May 2012  Laurent Wauquiez                   (b. 1975)
16 May 2012 -  2 Apr 2014  Geneviève Fioraso (f)              (b. 1954)
 2 Apr 2014 - 26 Aug 2014  Benoît Hamon                       (b. 1967)
26 Aug 2014 -              Najat Vallaud-Belkacem (f)         (b. 1977)

Space

Ministers
12 May 1988 -  2 Apr 1992  Paul Quilès                        (b. 1942)
 2 Apr 1992 - 29 Mar 1993  Hubert Curien                      (b. 1924 - d. 2005)

Reform

Ministers
- Administrative Reform -
 2 Jul 1950 - 12 Jul 1950  Paul Giacobbi                      (b. 1896 - d. 1951)
- Constitutional Reform -
28 Jun 1953 - 19 Jun 1954  Edmond Barrachin                   (b. 1900 - d. 1975)
- Administrative Reform -
28 Nov 1962 -  1 Apr 1967  Louis Joxe                         (b. 1901 - d. 1991)
- Administrative Reforms -
 7 Jan 1971 -  5 Apr 1973  Roger Frey                         (b. 1913 - d. 1997)
 5 Apr 1973 - 27 Feb 1974  Alain Peyrefitte                   (b. 1925 - d. 1999)
- Reforms -
27 May 1974 -  9 Jun 1974  Jean-Jacques Servan-Schreiber      (b. 1924 - d. 2006)
- Decentralization -
22 May 1981 - 19 Jul 1984  Gaston Defferre                    (b. 1910 - d. 1986)
19 Jul 1984 - 20 Mar 1986  Pierre Joxe                        (b. 1934)
- Reforms -
12 May 1988 - 23 Jun 1988  Michel Durafour                    (b. 1920)
- Administrative Reforms -
23 Jun 1988 - 15 May 1991  Michel Durafour                    (s.a.)
- Administrative Modernization -
15 May 1991 -  2 Apr 1992  Jean-Pierre Soisson                (b. 1934)
- Administrative Reforms -
 2 Apr 1992 - 29 Mar 1993  Michel Delebarre                   (b. 1946)
- Reform of the State, Decentralization, and Citizenship -
18 May 1995 -  7 Nov 1995  Claude Goasguen                    (b. 1945)
- Reform of the State and Decentralization -
 7 Nov 1995 -  4 Jun 1997  Dominique Perben                   (b. 1945)
 4 Jun 1997 - 28 Mar 2000  Émile Zuccarelli                   (b. 1940)
- Reform of the State -
28 Mar 2000 -  7 May 2002  Michel Sapin                       (b. 1952)
 7 May 2002 - 31 Mar 2004  Jean-Paul Delevoye                 (b. 1947)
31 Mar 2004 -  2 Jun 2005  Renaud Dutreil                     (b. 1960)
23 Jun 2009 - 22 Mar 2010  Eric Woerth                        (b. 1956)
22 Mar 2010 - 16 May 2012  François Baroin                    (b. 1965)
- Reform of the State and Decentralization -
16 May 2012 -              Marylise Lebranchu (f)             (b. 1947)

Social Affairs

Commissioner (Free French government)
 9 Nov 1943 - 10 Sep 1944  Adrien Tixier                      (b. 1893 - d. 1946)
Ministers
22 Oct 1947 - 24 Nov 1947  Daniel Mayer                       (b. 1909 - d. 1996)
 1 Feb 1956 -  6 Nov 1957  Albert Gazier                      (b. 1908 - d. 1997)
 8 Jan 1966 - 31 May 1968  Jean-Marcel Jeanneney              (b. 1910 - d. 2010)
31 May 1968 - 20 Jun 1969  Maurice Schumann                   (b. 1911 - d. 1998)
 6 Jul 1972 - 28 Mar 1973  Edgar Faure                        (b. 1908 - d. 1988)
- National Solidarity -
22 May 1981 - 29 Jun 1982  Nicole Questiaux (f)               (b. 1930)
- Social Affairs and National Solidarity -
29 Jun 1982 - 17 Jul 1984  Pierre Bérégovoy                   (b. 1925 - d. 1993)
19 Jul 1984 -  7 Dec 1984  Georgina Dufoix (f)                (b. 1943)
- Social Affairs -
20 Mar 1986 - 12 May 1988  Philippe Séguin                    (b. 1943 - d. 2010)
12 May 1988 - 23 Jun 1988  Michel Delebarre                   (b. 1946)
- Solidarity -
23 Jun 1988 - 16 May 1991  Claude Evin                        (b. 1949)
- Social Affairs and Integration -
16 May 1991 -  2 Apr 1992  Jean-Louis Bianco                  (b. 1943)
 2 Apr 1992 - 29 Mar 1993  René Teulade                       (b. 1931 - d. 2014)
- Social Affairs -
29 Mar 1993 - 18 May 1995  Simone Veil (f)                    (b. 1927)
- Solidarity between Generations -
18 May 1995 -  7 Nov 1995  Colette Codaccioni (f)             (b. 1942)
- Integration and Fight against Exclusion -
18 May 1995 -  7 Nov 1995  Eric Raoult                        (b. 1955)
- Social Affairs -
 7 Nov 1995 -  4 Jun 1997  Jacques Barrot                     (b. 1937)
- Integration -
 7 Nov 1995 -  4 Jun 1997  Jean-Claude Gaudin                 (b. 1939)
- Solidarity -
 4 Jun 1997 - 18 Oct 2000  Martine Aubry (f)                  (b. 1950)
18 Oct 2000 -  7 May 2002  Elisabeth Guigou (f)               (b. 1946)
- Social Affairs and Solidarity -
 7 May 2002 - 31 Mar 2004  François Fillon                    (b. 1954)
- Social Cohesion -
31 Mar 2004 - 18 May 2007  Jean-Louis Borloo                  (b. 1951)
- Immigration, Integration, National Identity, and Co-development -
18 May 2007 - 18 Mar 2008  Brice Hortefeux                    (b. 1958)
- Social Relations and Solidarity -
18 May 2007 - 18 Mar 2008  Xavier Bertrand                    (b. 1965)
- Immigration, Integration, National Identity, and Solidary Development -
18 Mar 2008 - 15 Jan 2009  Brice Hortefeux                    (s.a.)
15 Jan 2009 - 14 Nov 2010  Eric Besson                        (b. 1958)
- Social Relations, Family, and Solidarity -
18 Mar 2008 - 15 Jan 2009  Xavier Bertrand                    (s.a.)
15 Jan 2009 - 23 Jun 2009  Brice Hortefeux                    (s.a.)
23 Jun 2009 - 22 Mar 2010  Xavier Darcos                      (b. 1947)
- Solidarity -
22 Mar 2010 - 14 Nov 2010  Eric Woerth                        (b. 1956)
- Immigration -
14 Nov 2010 - 16 May 2012  Brice Hortefeux                    (s.a.)
- Solidarities and Social Cohesion -
14 Nov 2010 - 16 May 2012  Roselyne Bachelot (f)              (b. 1951)
- Social Affairs -
16 May 2012 -              Marisol Touraine (f)               (b. 1959)

Parity and Professional Equality

Minister
31 Mar 2004 -  2 Jun 2005  Nicole Ameline (f)                 (b. 1952)

Construction

Ministers
 9 Jun 1958 - 14 Apr 1962  Pierre Sudreau                     (b. 1919 - d. 2012)
14 Apr 1962 -  8 Jan 1966  Jacques Maziol                     (b. 1918 - d. 1990)

Liberated Regions

Ministers
16 Nov 1917 - 23 Nov 1917  Charles Jonnart                    (b. 1857 - d. 1927)
23 Nov 1917 -  6 Nov 1919  Albert Lebrun                      (b. 1871 - d. 1950)
 6 Nov 1919 - 20 Jan 1920  André Tardieu                      (b. 1876 - d. 1945)
20 Jan 1920 - 16 Jan 1921  Émile Ogier                        (b. 1862 - d. 1932)
16 Jan 1921 - 15 Jan 1922  Louis Loucheur                     (b. 1872 - d. 1931)
15 Jan 1922 - 29 Mar 1924  Charles Reibel                     (b. 1882 - d. 1956)
29 Mar 1924 - 14 Jun 1924  Louis Marin                        (b. 1871 - d. 1960)
14 Jun 1924 - 17 Apr 1925  Victor Dalbiez                     (b. 1876 - d. 1954)
Commissioners (Free French government)
- Liberated Territories -
26 Aug 1944 - 10 Sep 1944  Henri Queuille                     (b. 1884 - d. 1970)
                           + Alexandre Parodi                 (b. 1901 - d. 1979)
                           + André Le Troquer                 (b. 1884 - d. 1963)
                           + François Billoux                 (b. 1903 - d. 1978)

Blockade

Ministers
16 Nov 1917 - 23 Nov 1917  Charles Jonnart                    (b. 1857 - d. 1927)
23 Nov 1917 - 24 Dec 1918  Albert Lebrun                      (b. 1871 - d. 1950)
13 Sep 1939 - 21 Mar 1940  Georges Pernot                     (b. 1879 - d. 1962)
21 Mar 1940 - 16 Jun 1940  Georges Monnet                     (b. 1898 - d. 1980)

Algerian Affairs

Commissioners (Free French government)
- Coordination of Muslim Affairs -
 7 Jun 1943 -  9 Nov 1943  Georges Catroux                    (b. 1877 - d. 1969)
- Muslim Affairs -
 9 Nov 1943 - 26 Aug 1944  Georges Catroux                    (s.a.)
- Muslim Questions -
26 Aug 1944 - 10 Sep 1944  Georges Catroux                    (s.a.)
Ministers
- North Africa -
10 Sep 1944 - 16 Nov 1944  Georges Catroux                    (s.a.)
- Moroccan and Tunisian Affairs -
19 Jun 1954 - 23 Feb 1955  Christian Fouchet                  (b. 1911 - d. 1974)
23 Feb 1955 - 20 Oct 1955  Pierre July                        (b. 1906 - d. 1982)
- Algerian Affairs -
22 Nov 1960 - 28 Nov 1962  Louis Joxe                         (b. 1901 - d. 1991)

Sahara

Ministers
13 Jun 1957 - 14 May 1958  Max Lejeune (1st time)             (b. 1909 - d. 1995)
14 May 1958 -  1 Jun 1958  Édouard Corniglion-Molinier        (b. 1899 - d. 1960)
 3 Jun 1958 -  8 Jan 1959  Max Lejeune (2nd time)             (s.a.)
 5 Feb 1960 - 24 Aug 1961  Robert Lecourt                     (b. 1908 - d. 2004)
24 Aug 1961 - 15 Apr 1962  Louis Jacquinot                    (b. 1898 - d. 1993)

Partner States

Ministers
- Relations with Partner States and the Far East -
 2 Jul 1950 - 12 Jul 1950  Paul Reynaud                       (b. 1878 - d. 1966)
- Relations with Partner States -
12 Jul 1950 - 11 Aug 1951  Jean Letourneau (1st time)         (b. 1907 - d. 1986)
- Partner States -
20 Jan 1952 -  8 Mar 1952  Jean Letourneau (2nd time)         (s.a.)
- Relations with Partner States -
 8 Mar 1952 - 28 Jun 1953  Jean Letourneau                    (s.a.)
 3 Jun 1954 - 19 Jun 1954  Édouard Frédéric-Dupont            (b. 1902 - d. 1988)
19 Jun 1954 - 23 Feb 1955  Guy La Chambre                     (b. 1898 - d. 1975)

New Caledonia

Minister
21 May 1985 - 15 Nov 1985  Edgard Pisani                      (b. 1918)

Women's Rights

Ministers
21 May 1985 - 19 Mar 1986  Yvette Roudy (f)                   (b. 1929)
16 May 2012 - 26 Aug 2014  Najat Vallaud-Belkacem (f)         (b. 1977)
26 Aug 2014 -              Marisol Touraine (f)               (b. 1959)

Sea

Ministers
22 May 1981 - 22 Mar 1983  Louis Le Pensec (1st time)         (b. 1937)
10 May 1988 - 23 Jun 1988  Louis Le Pensec (2nd time)         (s.a.)
23 Jun 1988 - 21 Dec 1990  Michel Delebarre                   (b. 1946)
21 Dec 1990 - 15 May 1991  Louis Besson                       (b. 1937)
 7 May 2002 -  2 Jun 2005  Gilles de Robien                   (b. 1941)
 2 Jun 2005 - 18 May 2007  Dominique Perben                   (b. 1945)
23 Jun 2009 - 14 Nov 2010  Jean-Louis Borloo                  (b. 1951)

Plan

Ministers
16 Dec 1946 - 22 Oct 1947  Félix Gouin                        (b. 1884 - d. 1977)
 4 Nov 1947 - 24 Nov 1947  Jules Moch                         (b. 1893 - d. 1985)
19 Jun 1954 - 20 Jan 1955  Edgar Faure (1st time)             (b. 1908 - d. 1988)
20 Jan 1955 - 23 Feb 1955  Robert Buron                       (b. 1910 - d. 1973)
 6 Nov 1957 - 14 May 1958  Pierre Pflimlin                    (b. 1907 - d. 2000)
14 May 1958 -  1 Jun 1958  Edgar Faure (2nd time)             (s.a.)
25 Aug 1976 - 29 Mar 1977  Jean Lecanuet                      (b. 1920 - d. 1993)
22 May 1981 - 22 Mar 1983  Michel Rocard                      (b. 1930)
17 Jul 1984 - 20 Mar 1986  Gaston Defferre                    (b. 1910 - d. 1986)
- Economical Development and Plan -
18 May 1995 -  7 Nov 1995  Jean Arthuis                       (b. 1944)
- Implementation of the Recovery Plan -
 5 Dec 2008 - 14 Nov 2010  Patrick Devedjian                  (b. 1944)

Without Portfolio

Minister without Portfolio
26 Aug 1914 - 29 Oct 1915  Jules Guesde                       (b. 1845 - d. 1922)
Ministers of State
29 Oct 1915 - 12 Dec 1916  Léon Bourgeois (1st time)          (b. 1851 - d. 1925)
29 Oct 1915 - 12 Dec 1916  Denys Cochin                       (b. 1851 - d. 1922)
29 Oct 1915 - 12 Dec 1916  Émile Combes                       (b. 1835 - d. 1921)
29 Oct 1915 - 12 Dec 1916  Charles Louis de Saulces de
                           Freycinet                          (b. 1828 - d. 1923)
29 Oct 1915 - 12 Dec 1916  Jules Guesde                       (s.a.)
12 Sep 1917 - 23 Oct 1917  Louis Barthou                      (b. 1862 - d. 1934)
12 Sep 1917 - 16 Nov 1917  Léon Bourgeois (2nd time)          (s.a.)
12 Sep 1917 - 16 Nov 1917  Paul Doumer                        (b. 1857 - d. 1932)
12 Sep 1917 - 16 Nov 1917  Jean Dupuy                         (b. 1844 - d. 1919)
27 Sep 1917 - 16 Nov 1917  Henry Franklin-Bouillon            (b. 1870 - d. 1937)
 9 Feb 1934 - 24 Jan 1936  Édouard Herriot                    (b. 1872 - d. 1957)
 9 Feb 1934 -  8 Nov 1934  André Tardieu                      (b. 1876 - d. 1945)
 8 Nov 1934 - 24 Jan 1936  Louis Marin (1st time)             (b. 1871 - d. 1960)
 1 Jun 1935 -  7 Jun 1935  Philippe Pétain (1st time)         (b. 1856 - d. 1951)
 7 Jun 1935 - 24 Jan 1936  Pierre Étienne Flandin             (b. 1889 - d. 1958)
 4 Jun 1936 - 22 Jun 1937  Camille Chautemps (1st time)       (b. 1885 - d. 1963)
 4 Jun 1936 - 18 Jan 1938  Paul Faure (1st time)              (b. 1878 - d. 1960)
 4 Jun 1936 - 18 Jan 1938  Maurice Viollette (1st time)       (b. 1870 - d. 1960)
22 Jun 1937 - 18 Jan 1938  Albert Sarraut                     (b. 1872 - d. 1962)
18 Jan 1938 - 13 Mar 1938  Georges Bonnet                     (b. 1889 - d. 1973)
13 Mar 1938 - 10 Apr 1938  Paul Faure (2nd time)              (s.a.)
13 Mar 1938 - 10 Apr 1938  Théodore Steeg                     (b. 1868 - d. 1950)
13 Mar 1938 - 10 Apr 1938  Maurice Viollette (2nd time)       (s.a.)
10 May 1940 - 16 Jun 1940  Louis Marin (2nd time)             (s.a.)
10 May 1940 - 15 Jun 1940  Jean Ybarnegaray                   (b. 1883 - d. 1956)
18 May 1940 - 16 Jun 1940  Philippe Pétain (2nd time)         (s.a.)
16 Jun 1940 - 12 Jul 1940  Camille Chautemps (2nd time)       (s.a.)
23 Jun 1940 - 27 Jun 1940  Adrien Marquet                     (b. 1884 - d. 1955)
23 Jun 1940 - 12 Jul 1940  Pierre Laval                       (b. 1883 - d. 1945)
12 Aug 1941 - 18 Apr 1942  Henri Moysset                      (b. 1875 - d. 1949)
12 Aug 1941 - 31 Dec 1943  Lucien Romier                      (b. 1885 - d. 1944)
Commissioners of State (Free French government)
24 Sep 1941 -  7 Jun 1943  Georges Thierry d'Argenlieu
                           (commissioner without department)  (b. 1889 - d. 1964)
 4 Mar 1942 -  7 Jun 1943  Georges Catroux
                           (commissioner on a mission)        (b. 1877 - d. 1969)
 7 Jun 1943 -  9 Nov 1943  Alphonse Georges                   (b. 1875 - d. 1951)
 9 Nov 1943 - 26 Aug 1944  Jean Monnet
                           (commissioner on a mission)        (b. 1888 - d. 1979)
 4 Apr 1944 - 26 Aug 1944  François Billoux                   (b. 1903 - d. 1978)
Ministers of State
10 Sep 1944 - 21 Nov 1945  Jules Jeanneney                    (b. 1864 - d. 1957)
21 Nov 1945 - 26 Jan 1946  Vincent Auriol                     (b. 1884 - d. 1966)
21 Nov 1945 - 26 Jan 1946  Francisque Gay (1st time)          (b. 1885 - d. 1963)
21 Nov 1945 - 26 Jan 1946  Louis Jacquinot (1st time)         (b. 1898 - d. 1993)
21 Nov 1945 - 26 Jan 1946  Maurice Thorez                     (b. 1900 - d. 1964)
24 Jun 1946 - 16 Dec 1946  Alexandre Varenne                  (b. 1870 - d. 1947)
24 Jun 1946 - 16 Dec 1946  Francisque Gay (2nd time)          (s.a.)
16 Dec 1946 - 22 Jan 1947  Guy Mollet (1st time)              (b. 1905 - d. 1975)
16 Dec 1946 - 22 Jan 1947  Augustin Laurent                   (b. 1895 - d. 1990)
22 Jan 1947 - 22 Oct 1947  Marcel Roclore                     (b. 1897 - d. 1966)
22 Jan 1947 - 24 Nov 1947  Yvon Delbos                        (b. 1885 - d. 1956)
26 Jul 1948 -  5 Sep 1948  Henri Queuille (1st time)          (b. 1884 - d. 1970)
26 Jul 1948 -  5 Sep 1948  Paul Ramadier                      (b. 1888 - d. 1961)
29 Oct 1949 -  2 Jul 1950  Pierre-Henri Teitgen               (b. 1908 - d. 1997)
12 Jul 1950 - 10 Mar 1951  Paul Giacobbi
                           (minister without portfolio)       (b. 1896 - d. 1951)
11 Aug 1951 - 20 Jan 1952  Jean Letourneau                    (b. 1907 - d. 1986)
11 Aug 1951 - 16 Sep 1951  Maurice Petsche                    (b. 1893 - d. 1951)
11 Aug 1951 - 20 Jan 1952  Henri Queuille (2nd time)          (s.a.)
 4 Oct 1951 -  8 Mar 1952  Joseph Laniel                      (b. 1889 - d. 1975)
20 Jan 1952 -  8 Mar 1952  François Mitterrand                (b. 1916 - d. 1996)
 8 Jan 1953 - 28 Jun 1953  Édouard Bonnefous                  (b. 1907 - d. 2007)
 8 Jan 1953 - 28 Jun 1953  Paul Coste-Floret                  (b. 1911 - d. 1979)
28 Jun 1953 - 19 Jun 1954  Édouard Corniglion-Molinier        (b. 1899 - d. 1960)
 1 Feb 1956 - 23 May 1956  Pierre Mendès-France               (b. 1907 - d. 1982)
21 Feb 1956 - 13 Jun 1957  Jacques Chaban-Delmas              (b. 1915 - d. 2000)
13 Jun 1957 -  6 Nov 1957  Félix Houphouët-Boigny (1st time)  (b. 1905 - d. 1993)
14 May 1958 - 17 May 1958  Félix Houphouët-Boigny (2nd time)  (s.a.)
17 May 1958 -  3 Jun 1958  Max Lejeune                        (b. 1909 - d. 1995)
                           (from 1 Jun 1958 minister without portfolio)
 1 Jun 1958 -  3 Jun 1958  Bernard Cornut-Gentille            (b. 1909 - d. 1992)
                           (minister without portfolio)
 1 Jun 1958 -  3 Jun 1958  André Malraux (1st time)           (b. 1901 - d. 1976)
                           (minister without portfolio)
 1 Jun 1958 - 14 Jun 1958  Guy Mollet (2nd time)              (s.a.)
 1 Jun 1958 -  8 Jan 1959  Pierre Pflimlin                    (b. 1907 - d. 2000)
 1 Jun 1958 - 20 May 1959  Félix Houphouët-Boigny (3rd time)  (s.a.)
 1 Jun 1958 - 24 Aug 1961  Louis Jacquinot (2nd time)         (s.a.)
 8 Jan 1959 - 27 Mar 1959  Robert Lecourt                     (b. 1908 - d. 2004)
 8 Jan 1959 - 22 Jul 1959  André Malraux (2nd time)           (s.a.)
31 May 1968 -  4 Jun 1968  Henry Rey                          (b. 1903 - d. 1977)
31 May 1968 - 10 Jul 1968  Edmond Michelet                    (b. 1899 - d. 1970)
10 Jul 1968 - 20 Jun 1969  Jean-Marcel Jeanneney              (b. 1910 - d. 2010)

Minister of State, Permanent Delegate to the League of Nations
24 Jan 1936 -  4 Jun 1936  Joseph Paul-Boncour                (b. 1873 - d. 1972)
Minister of State, in charge of the Services of the Presidency of the Council
18 Jan 1938 - 13 Mar 1938  Ludovic-Oscar Frossard             (b. 1889 - d. 1946)
Minister of State, in charge of North African Affairs
13 Mar 1938 - 10 Apr 1938  Albert Sarraut                     (b. 1872 - d. 1962)

Independent agencies


Constitutional Council

Presidents
20 Feb 1959 - 23 Feb 1965  Léon Noël                          (b. 1888 - d. 1987)
23 Feb 1965 - 23 Feb 1974  Gaston Palewski                    (b. 1901 - d. 1984)
23 Feb 1974 - 21 Feb 1983  Roger Frey                         (b. 1913 - d. 1997)
21 Feb 1983 - 19 Feb 1986  Daniel Mayer                       (b. 1909 - d. 1996)
19 Feb 1986 - 22 Feb 1995  Robert Badinter                    (b. 1928)
22 Feb 1995 -  1 Mar 2000  Roland Dumas                       (b. 1922)
24 Mar 1999 -  8 Mar 2004  Yves Guéna                         (b. 1922)
                           (acting for Dumas to 1 Mar 2000)
10 Mar 2004 -  3 Mar 2007  Pierre Mazeaud                     (b. 1929)
 5 Mar 2007 -              Jean-Louis Debré                   (b. 1944)

Banque de France

Governors
28 Sep 1864 -  2 Dec 1878  Gustave Rouland                    (b. 1806 - d. 1878)
18 Jan 1879 - 18 Nov 1881  Louis Jules Ernest Denormandie     (b. 1821 - d. 1902)
18 Nov 1881 -        1897  Pierre Magnin                      (b. 1824 - d. 1910)
24 Dec 1897 - 25 Aug 1920  Georges Pallain                    (b. 1847 - d. 1923)
25 Aug 1920 -        1926  Georges Robineau                   (b. 1860 - d. 1927)
26 Jun 1926 - 25 Sep 1930  Émile Moreau                       (b. 1868 - d. 1950)
25 Sep 1930 -        1935  Clément Moret                      (b. 1885 - d. 1943)
 2 Jan 1935 -        1936  Jean Tannery                       (b. 1878 - d. 1939)
 6 Jun 1936 -        1937  Émile Labeyrie                     (b. 1877 - d. 1966)
20 Jul 1937 -        1940  Pierre Fournier                    (b. 1892 - d. 1972)
31 Aug 1940 -        1944  Yves Bréart de Boisanger           (b. 1896 - d. 1976)
 7 Oct 1944 -        1949  Emmanuel Monick                    (b. 1893 - d. 1983)
19 Jan 1949 -    Jan 1960  Wilfrid Baumgartner                (b. 1902 - d. 1978)
21 Jan 1960 -        1969  Jacques Brunet                     (b. 1901 - d. 1990)
 8 Apr 1969 -        1974  Olivier Wormser                    (b. 1913 - d. 1985)
14 Jun 1974 -        1979  Bernard Clappier                   (b. 1913 - d. 1999)
23 Nov 1979 -        1984  Renaud de La Genière               (b. 1925 - d. 1990)
14 Nov 1984 -    Jan 1987  Michel Camdessus                   (b. 1933)
19 Jan 1987 -    Sep 1993  Jacques de Larosière               (b. 1929)
   Sep 1993 - 31 Oct 2003  Jean-Claude Trichet                (b. 1942)
 1 Nov 2003 -              Christian Noyer                    (b. 1950)

Court of Accounts

First presidents
 1 Feb 1863 - 29 Jun 1876  Paul de Royer                      (b. 1808 - d. 1877)
       1877 -        1880  Jules Petitjean                    (b. 1808 - d. 1885)
23 Oct 1880 - 28 Aug 1889  Paul Bethmont                      (b. 1833 - d. 1889)
       1890 -        1894  Gustave Humbert                    (b. 1822 - d. 1894)
       1894 -        1900  Ernest Boulanger                   (b. 1831 - d. 1907)
       1900 - 23 Jun 1901  Henri Labeyrie                     (b. 1844 - d. 1901)
 9 Jul 1901 -        1906  Félix Renaud                       (b. 1832 - d. 1907)
       1907 -        1909  Charles Laurent                    (b. 1856 - d. 1939)
       1909 -        1912  Alfred Hérault                     (b. 1837 - d. 1926)
       1912 -        1933  Georges Payelle                    (b. 1859 - d. 1941)
       1933                Maurice Bloch                      (b. 1861 - d. 1933)
       1933 -        1936  Maurice Chotard                    (b. 1864 - d. 1959)
       1936 -        1937  Pierre Guinand                     (b. 1876 - d. 1944)
       1937 -        1940  Émile Labeyrie                     (b. 1877 - d. 1966)
       1940 -    Aug 1944  Jean-Marcel Drouineau              (b. 1875 - d. 1962)
       1944 -        1945  Paul Amet (acting)                 (b. 1875 - d. 1962)
       1945 -        1948  Édouard Le Conte (acting to 1946)  (b. 1876 - d. 1960)
       1948 -        1952  Pierre Brin                        (b. 1882 - d. 1969)
       1952 -        1955  Édouard Parent                     (b. 1884 - d. 1965)
23 Feb 1955 -  4 May 1969  Roger Léonard                      (b. 1898 - d. 1987)
       1969 -        1970  André d'Estresse de Lanzac         (b. 1898 - d. 1986)
       1970 -        1972  Lucien Paye                        (b. 1907 - d. 1972)
       1972 -        1978  Désiré Arnaud                      (b. 1910 - d. 1996)
       1978 -        1982  Bernard Beck                       (b. 1914 - d. 2009)
       1982 -        1983  Jean Rosenwald                     (b. 1914 - d. 1984)
       1983 -        1990  André Chandernagor                 (b. 1921)
       1990 -        1993  Pierre Arpaillange                 (b. 1924)
       1993 -    Mar 2001  Pierre Joxe                        (b. 1934)
   Mar 2001 - 18 Jul 2004  François Logerot                   (b. 1936)
21 Jul 2004 -  7 Jan 2010  Philippe Séguin                    (b. 1943 - d. 2010)
 7 Jan 2010 - 23 Feb 2010  Alain Pichon (acting)              (b. 1945)
23 Feb 2010 -              Didier Migaud                      (b. 1952)

Parliament


National Assembly

12 Feb 1871                Chamber of Deputies
 3 Nov 1943                Consultative Assembly (Free French)
 8 Nov 1945                Constituent National Assembly
28 Nov 1946                National Assembly

Presidents
12 Feb 1871 - 16 Feb 1871  Denis Emmanuel, comte Benoist
                           d'Azy (acting)                     (b. 1796 - d. 1880)
16 Feb 1871 -  2 Apr 1873  Jules Grévy (1st time)             (b. 1807 - d. 1891)
 2 Apr 1873                Louis Vitet, dit Ludovic Vitet     (b. 1802 - d. 1873)
                           (acting)
 3 Apr 1873                Louis Joseph Martel (acting)       (b. 1813 - d. 1892)
 4 Apr 1873 - 15 Mar 1875  Louis Joseph Buffet                (b. 1818 - d. 1898)
15 Mar 1875 -  8 Mar 1876  Edme Armand Gaston, duc
                           d'Audiffret-Pasquier               (b. 1823 - d. 1905)
 8 Mar 1876 - 31 Jan 1879  Jules Grévy (2nd time)             (s.a.)
                           (provisional to 13 Mar 1876)
31 Jan 1879 -  3 Nov 1881  Léon Gambetta                      (b. 1838 - d. 1882)
 3 Nov 1881 -  8 Apr 1885  Henri Brisson (1st time)           (b. 1835 - d. 1912)
 8 Apr 1885 -  4 Apr 1888  Charles Floquet (1st time)         (b. 1828 - d. 1896)
 4 Apr 1888 - 16 Nov 1889  Jules Méline                       (b. 1838 - d. 1925)
16 Nov 1889 - 16 Jan 1893  Charles Floquet (2nd time)         (s.a.)
16 Jan 1893 -  5 Dec 1893  Jean Casimir-Perier (1st time)     (b. 1847 - d. 1907)
 5 Dec 1893 -  2 Jun 1894  Charles Dupuy                      (b. 1851 - d. 1923)
 2 Jun 1894 -  5 Jul 1894  Jean Casimir-Perier (2nd time)     (s.a.)
 5 Jul 1894 - 12 Dec 1894  Auguste Burdeau                    (b. 1851 - d. 1894)
18 Dec 1894 -  9 Jun 1898  Henri Brisson (2nd time)           (s.a.)
 9 Jun 1898 - 10 Jun 1902  Paul Deschanel (1st time)          (b. 1856 - d. 1922)
10 Jun 1902 - 10 Jan 1905  Léon Bourgeois                     (b. 1851 - d. 1925)
10 Jan 1905 -  8 Jun 1906  Paul Doumer                        (b. 1857 - d. 1932)
 8 Jun 1906 - 14 Apr 1912  Henri Brisson (3rd time)           (s.a.)
23 May 1912 - 12 Feb 1920  Paul Deschanel (2nd time)          (s.a.)
12 Feb 1920 -  9 Jun 1924  Raoul Péret (1st time)             (b. 1870 - d. 1942)
 9 Jun 1924 - 22 Apr 1925  Paul Painlevé                      (b. 1863 - d. 1933)
22 Apr 1925 - 22 Jul 1926  Édouard Herriot (1st time)         (b. 1872 - d. 1957)
22 Jul 1926 - 11 Jan 1927  Raoul Péret (2nd time)             (s.a.)
11 Jan 1927 -  4 Jun 1936  Fernand Bouisson                   (b. 1874 - d. 1959)
 4 Jun 1936 - 26 Aug 1942  Édouard Herriot (2nd time)         (s.a.)
 9 Nov 1943 - 22 Jan 1946  Félix Gouin                        (b. 1884 - d. 1977)
31 Jan 1946 - 27 Nov 1946  Vincent Auriol (1st time)          (b. 1884 - d. 1966)
 3 Dec 1946 - 21 Jan 1947  Vincent Auriol (2nd time)          (s.a.)
21 Jan 1947 - 12 Jan 1954  Édouard Herriot (3rd time)         (s.a.)
12 Jan 1954 - 11 Jan 1955  André Le Troquer (1st time)        (b. 1884 - d. 1963)
11 Jan 1955 - 24 Jan 1956  Pierre Schneiter                   (b. 1905 - d. 1979)
24 Jan 1956 -  9 Dec 1958  André Le Troquer (2nd time)        (s.a.)
 9 Dec 1958 - 25 Jun 1969  Jacques Chaban-Delmas (1st time)   (b. 1915 - d. 2000)
25 Jun 1969 -  2 Apr 1973  Achille Peretti                    (b. 1911 - d. 1983)
 2 Apr 1973 -  3 Apr 1978  Edgar Faure                        (b. 1908 - d. 1988)
 3 Apr 1978 -  2 Jul 1981  Jacques Chaban-Delmas (2nd time)   (s.a.)
 2 Jul 1981 -  2 Apr 1986  Louis Mermaz                       (b. 1931)
 2 Apr 1986 - 23 Jun 1988  Jacques Chaban-Delmas (3rd time)   (s.a.)
23 Jun 1988 - 22 Jan 1992  Laurent Fabius (1st time)          (b. 1946)
22 Jan 1992 -  2 Apr 1993  Henri Emmanuelli                   (b. 1945)
 2 Apr 1993 - 12 Jun 1997  Philippe Séguin                    (b. 1943 - d. 2010)
12 Jun 1997 - 29 Mar 2000  Laurent Fabius (2nd time)          (s.a.)
29 Mar 2000 - 25 Jun 2002  Raymond Forni                      (b. 1941 - d. 2008)
25 Jun 2002 -  5 Mar 2007  Jean-Louis Debré                   (b. 1944)
 7 Mar 2007 - 26 Jun 2007  Patrick Ollier                     (b. 1944)
26 Jun 2007 - 26 Jun 2012  Bernard Accoyer                    (b. 1945)
26 Jun 2012 -              Claude Bartolone                   (b. 1951)

Senate

28 Jan 1852                Senate
24 Dec 1946                Council of the Republic
 4 Oct 1958                Senate

Presidents
13 Mar 1876 - 15 Jan 1879  Edme Armand Gaston, duc
                           d'Audiffret-Pasquier               (b. 1823 - d. 1905)
15 Jan 1879 - 25 May 1880  Louis Martel                       (b. 1813 - d. 1892)
25 May 1880 -  2 Feb 1882  Léon Say                           (b. 1826 - d. 1896)
 2 Feb 1882 - 24 Feb 1893  Philippe Le Royer                  (b. 1816 - d. 1897)
24 Feb 1893 - 17 Mar 1893  Jules Ferry                        (b. 1832 - d. 1893)
27 Mar 1893 - 16 Jan 1896  Paul Armand Challemel-Lacour       (b. 1827 - d. 1896)
16 Jan 1896 - 18 Feb 1899  Émile Loubet                       (b. 1838 - d. 1929)
 3 Mar 1899 - 17 Jan 1906  Armand Fallières                   (b. 1841 - d. 1931)
16 Feb 1906 - 14 Jan 1920  Antonin Dubost                     (b. 1844 - d. 1921)
14 Jan 1920 - 22 Feb 1923  Léon Bourgeois                     (b. 1851 - d. 1925)
22 Feb 1923 - 13 Jun 1924  Gaston Doumergue                   (b. 1863 - d. 1937)
19 Jun 1924 -  9 Jan 1927  Justin de Selves                   (b. 1848 - d. 1934)
14 Jan 1927 - 13 May 1931  Paul Doumer                        (b. 1857 - d. 1932)
11 Jun 1931 - 10 May 1932  Albert Lebrun                      (b. 1871 - d. 1950)
 3 Jun 1932 - 26 Aug 1942  Jules Jeanneney                    (b. 1864 - d. 1957)
27 Dec 1946 -  6 Mar 1947  Auguste Champetier de Ribes        (b. 1882 - d. 1947)
18 Mar 1947 -  2 Oct 1968  Gaston Monnerville                 (b. 1897 - d. 1991)
 2 Oct 1968 -  2 Oct 1992  Alain Poher                        (b. 1909 - d. 1996)
 2 Oct 1992 -  1 Oct 1998  René Monory                        (b. 1923 - d. 2009)
 1 Oct 1998 -  1 Oct 2008  Christian Poncelet                 (b. 1928)
 1 Oct 2008 -  1 Oct 2011  Gérard Larcher (1st time)          (b. 1949)
 1 Oct 2011 -  1 Oct 2014  Jean-Pierre Bel                    (b. 1951)
 1 Oct 2014 -              Gérard Larcher (2nd time)          (s.a.)

Political parties


Communist Party

       1943                French Section of the Communist International (SFIC)
                           renamed French Communist Party (PCF)

General secretaries
 4 Jan 1921 -  1 Jan 1923  Ludovic-Oscar Frossard             (b. 1889 - d. 1946)
       1923 -        1924  Louis Sellier                      (b. 1885 - d. 1978)
       1924 -        1926  Albert Treint                      (b. 1889 - d. 1971)
       1926 -    Apr 1929  Pierre Sémard                      (b. 1887 - d. 1942)
Collective secretaryship
       1929 -    Jul 1930  Henri Barbé                        (b. 1902 - d. 1966)
                           + Pierre Célor                     (b. 1902 - d. 1957)
                           + Benoît Frachon                   (b. 1893 - d. 1975)
                           + Maurice Thorez                   (b. 1900 - d. 1964)
General secretaries
   Jul 1930 - 17 May 1964  Maurice Thorez                     (s.a.)
17 May 1964 - 17 Dec 1972  Waldeck Rochet                     (b. 1905 - d. 1983)
17 Dec 1972 - 29 Jan 1994  Georges Marchais                   (b. 1920 - d. 1997)
National secretaries
29 Jan 1994 - 28 Oct 2001  Robert Hue                         (b. 1946)
28 Oct 2001 - 20 Jun 2010  Marie-George Buffet (f)            (b. 1949)
 5 Jan 2007 - 24 Apr 2007    Jean-Louis Lemoing
                             + Patrice Cohen-Seat             (b. 1947)
                             + Joëlle Greder (f)
                             + Brigitte Dionnet (f)
                             + Michel Laurent
                             (acting for Buffet)
20 Jun 2010 -              Pierre Laurent                     (b. 1957)

Socialist Party

   Jul 1969                French section of the Workers' International (SFIO)
                           renamed Socialist Party (PS)

General secretaries
   Apr 1905 -    Oct 1918  Louis Dubreuilh                    (b. 1862 - d. 1924)
   Oct 1918 -        1920  Ludovic-Oscar Frossard             (b. 1889 - d. 1946)
       1920 -        1940  Paul Faure                         (b. 1878 - d. 1960)
       1943 -  4 Sep 1946  Daniel Mayer                       (b. 1909 - d. 1996)
 4 Sep 1946 - 17 Jul 1969  Guy Mollet                         (b. 1905 - d. 1975)
First secretaries
17 Jul 1969 - 13 Jun 1971  Alain Savary                       (b. 1918 - d. 1988)
13 Jun 1971 - 24 Jan 1981  François Mitterrand                (b. 1916 - d. 1996)
24 Jan 1981 - 13 May 1988  Lionel Jospin (1st time)           (b. 1937)
13 May 1988 -  9 Jan 1992  Pierre Mauroy                      (b. 1928 - d. 2013)
 9 Jan 1992 - 24 Oct 1993  Laurent Fabius                     (b. 1946)
24 Oct 1993 - 20 Nov 1994  Michel Rocard                      (b. 1930)
20 Nov 1994 - 14 Oct 1995  Henri Emmanuelli                   (b. 1945)
14 Oct 1995 - 23 Nov 1997  Lionel Jospin (2nd time)           (s.a.)
23 Nov 1997 - 25 Nov 2008  François Hollande                  (b. 1954)
25 Nov 2008 - 16 Sep 2012  Martine Aubry (f)                  (b. 1950)
30 Jun 2011 - 16 Oct 2011    Harlem Désir (acting for Aubry)  (b. 1959)
16 Sep 2012 - 15 Apr 2014  Harlem Désir                       (s.a.)
                           (acting to 28 Oct 2012)
15 Apr 2014 -              Jean-Christophe Cambadélis         (b. 1951)

Left Radical Party

 4 Oct 1972                Movement of the Radical Socialist Left separated from
                           Radical Party
 2 Dec 1973                renamed Movement of the Left Radicals
 5 Nov 1994                renamed Radical
 8 Jun 1996                renamed Radical Socialist Party
13 Jan 1998                renamed Left Radical Party

Presidents
       1972 -        1978  Robert Fabre                       (b. 1915 - d. 2006)
       1978 -        1981  Michel Crépeau                     (b. 1930 - d. 1999)
       1981 -        1983  Roger-Gérard Schwartzenberg        (b. 1943)
       1983 -        1985  Jean-Michel Baylet (1st time)      (b. 1946)
       1985 -        1988  François Doubin                    (b. 1933)
       1988 -        1989  Yvon Collin                        (b. 1944)
       1989 -        1992  Émile Zuccarelli                   (b. 1940)
15 May 1992 - 27 Jan 1996  Jean-François Hory                 (b. 1949)
27 Jan 1996 -              Jean-Michel Baylet (2nd time)      (s.a.)

Democrat Movement

23 Mar 1978                Union for French Democracy
 1 Dec 2007                Democrat Movement

Presidents
23 Mar 1978 - 30 Jun 1988  Jean Lecanuet                      (b. 1920 - d. 1993)
30 Jun 1988 - 31 Mar 1996  Valéry Giscard d'Estaing           (b. 1926)
31 Mar 1996 - 16 Sep 1998  François Léotard                   (b. 1942)
16 Sep 1998 -              François Bayrou                    (b. 1951)

Union for a Popular Movement

21 Sep 2002                Union for a Popular Movement (UMP) founded by merger of
                           Rally for the Republic, Liberal Democracy, and other parties

Presidents
17 Nov 2002 - 16 Jul 2004  Alain Juppé                        (b. 1945)
16 Jul 2004 - 28 Nov 2004  Jean-Claude Gaudin                 (b. 1939)
                           + Philippe Douste-Blazy            (b. 1953)
                           + François Baroin                  (b. 1965)
                           (acting)
28 Nov 2004 - 14 May 2007  Nicolas Sarkozy                    (b. 1955)
14 May 2007 - 25 Sep 2007  Jean-Claude Gaudin                 (s.a.)
                           + Pierre Méhaignerie               (b. 1939)
                           + Brice Hortefeux                  (b. 1958)
                           (to 22 May 2007)
                           + Patrick Devedjian                (b. 1944)
                           (from 22 May 2007)
                           (acting)
Secretaries-general
25 Sep 2007 -  8 Dec 2008  Patrick Devedjian                  (s.a.)
 8 Dec 2008 - 17 Nov 2010  Xavier Bertrand                    (b. 1965)
                           (acting to 24 Jan 2009)
17 Nov 2010 - 19 Nov 2012  Jean-François Copé                 (b. 1964)
Presidents
19 Nov 2012 - 15 Jun 2014  Jean-François Copé                 (s.a.)
15 Jun 2014 -              Alain Juppé                        (s.a.)
                           + Jean-Pierre Raffarin             (b. 1948)
                           + François Fillon                  (b. 1954)
                           (acting)

Rally for the Republic

23 Oct 1958                Union for the new Republic (UNR)
   Dec 1962                Union for the new Republic-Democratic Union of Labour (UNR-UDT)
27 Nov 1967                Union of Democrats for the Fifth Republic (UDVe)
   Oct 1968                Union for the Defense of the Republic (UDR)
       1971                Union of Democrats for the Republic (UDR)
 5 Dec 1976                Rally for the Republic (RPR)

General secretaries
23 Oct 1958 -  5 Feb 1959  Roger Frey                         (b. 1913 - d. 1997)
 5 Feb 1959 - 25 Nov 1959  Albin Chalandon                    (b. 1920)
26 Nov 1959 - 17 Mar 1961  Jacques Richard                    (b. 1918 - d. 2010)
28 Mar 1961 -  9 May 1962  Roger Dusseaulx                    (b. 1913 - d. 1988)
 9 May 1962 - 22 Dec 1962  Louis Terrenoire                   (b. 1908 - d. 1992)
22 Dec 1962 -    May 1967  Jacques Baumel                     (b. 1918 - d. 2006)
Collective secretaryship
   May 1967 -        1968  Robert Poujade                     (b. 1928)
                           + André Fanton                     (b. 1928)
                           + Jean Charbonnel                  (b. 1927 - d. 2014)
                           + Jean Taittinger                  (b. 1923 - d. 2012)
                           + René Tomasini                    (b. 1919 - d. 1983)
General secretaries
19 Jan 1968 -  7 Jan 1971  Robert Poujade                     (s.a.)
 7 Jan 1971 -  5 Sep 1972  René Tomasini                      (s.a.)
 5 Sep 1972 -  6 Oct 1973  Alain Peyrefitte                   (b. 1925 - d. 1999)
 6 Oct 1973 - 14 Dec 1974  Alexandre Sanguinetti              (b. 1913 - d. 1980)
14 Dec 1974 - 15 Jun 1975  Jacques Chirac                     (b. 1932)
29 Jun 1975 - 24 Apr 1976  André Bord                         (b. 1922 - d. 2013)
24 Apr 1976 -  5 Dec 1976  Yves Guéna                         (b. 1922)
Presidents
 5 Dec 1976 -  4 Nov 1994  Jacques Chirac                     (s.a.)
 4 Nov 1994 -  6 Jul 1997  Alain Juppé                        (s.a.)
                           (interim to 15 Oct 1995)
 6 Jul 1997 - 16 Apr 1999  Philippe Séguin                    (b. 1943 - d. 2010)
16 Apr 1999 -  4 Dec 1999  Nicolas Sarkozy (interim)          (b. 1955)
 4 Dec 1999 - 21 Sep 2002  Michèle Alliot-Marie (f)           (b. 1946)

Union of Republicans of Social Action

General secretaries
       1954 -        1958  Jacques Chaban-Delmas              (b. 1915 - d. 2000)
       1958                Edmond Michelet                    (b. 1899 - d. 1970)

Democratic Union of Labour

14 Apr 1959                Democratic Union of Labour founded
   Dec 1962                merged with Union for the New Republic

General secretary
       1959 -        1962  René Capitant                      (b. 1901 - d. 1970)

Rally of the French People

14 Apr 1947                Rally of the French People (RPF) founded
13 Sep 1955                disbanded

General secretaries
       1947 -        1951  Jacques Soustelle                  (b. 1912 - d. 1990)
       1951 -    Dec 1954  Louis Terrenoire                   (s.a.)
   Dec 1954 -        1955  Jacques Foccart                    (b. 1913 - d. 1997)

Liberal Democracy

 1 Jun 1966                National Federation of Republicans and Independents
   May 1977                Republican Party (part of Union for French Democracy from
                           1 Feb 1978)
24 Jun 1997                Liberal Democracy (part of Union for French Democracy until
                           16 May 1998)

Presidents
   Jun 1966 -        1974  Valéry Giscard d'Estaing           (b. 1926)
       1975 -        1977  Michel Poniatowski                 (b. 1922 - d. 2002)
       1977 -        1988  Jean-Pierre Soisson                (b. 1934)
       1988 -        1990  François Léotard (1st time)        (b. 1942)
       1990 -        1995  Gérard Longuet                     (b. 1946)
       1995 - 24 Jun 1997  François Léotard (2nd time)        (s.a.)
24 Jun 1997 - 21 Sep 2002  Alain Madelin                      (b. 1946)

Radical Party

   Jun 1901                Radical Republican and Radical-Socialist Party (often
                           called Radical Party)
 1 Feb 1978                part of Union for French Democracy
17 Nov 2002 - 14 May 2011  associated with Union for a Popular Movement

Presidents
       1901 -        1902  Gustave Mesureur                   (b. 1847 - d. 1925)
       1902 -        1903  Fernand Dubief                     (b. 1850 - d. 1916)
       1903 -        1904  Maurice Faure                      (b. 1850 - d. 1919)
       1904 -        1905  Maurice Berteaux                   (b. 1852 - d. 1911)
       1905 -        1906  Émile Combes (1st time)            (b. 1835 - d. 1921)
       1906 -        1907  Camille Pelletan                   (b. 1846 - d. 1915)
       1907 -        1908  Auguste Delpech                    (b. 1846 - d. 1935)
       1908 -        1909  Louis Lafferre                     (b. 1861 - d. 1929)
       1909 -        1910  Ernest Vallé                       (b. 1845 - d. 1920)
       1910 -        1913  Émile Combes (2nd time)            (s.a.)
18 Oct 1913 -        1914  Joseph Caillaux                    (b. 1863 - d. 1944)
27 Oct 1917 -        1918  Charles Debierre                   (b. 1853 - d. 1932)
       1918 -        1919  André Renard                       (b. 1861 - d. 1944)
       1919 -        1926  Édouard Herriot (1st time)         (b. 1872 - d. 1957)
       1926 - 27 Oct 1927  Maurice Sarraut                    (b. 1869 - d. 1943)
27 Oct 1927 -        1931  Édouard Daladier (1st time)        (b. 1884 - d. 1970)
       1931 - 20 Jan 1936  Édouard Herriot (2nd time)         (s.a.)
20 Jan 1936 -        1939  Édouard Daladier (2nd time)        (s.a.)
       1944 -        1948  Théodore Steeg                     (b. 1868 - d. 1950)
       1948 - 26 Mar 1957  Édouard Herriot (3rd time)         (s.a.)
       1957 -        1958  Édouard Daladier (3rd time)        (s.a.)
   Sep 1958 -    Oct 1961  Félix Gaillard                     (b. 1919 - d. 1970)
       1961 -        1965  Maurice Faure (1st time)           (b. 1922 - d. 2014)
   Oct 1965 -        1969  René Billères                      (b. 1910 - d. 2004)
       1969 - 15 Oct 1971  Maurice Faure (2nd time)           (s.a.)
15 Oct 1971 -    Jul 1975  Jean-Jacques Servan-Schreiber
                           (1st time)                         (b. 1924 - d. 2006)
   Jul 1975 -        1977  Gabriel Péronnet                   (b. 1919 - d. 1991)
                           (acting to Nov 1975)
       1977 -    Oct 1979  Jean-Jacques Servan-Schreiber
                           (2nd time)                         (s.a.)
   Oct 1979 -    Nov 1983  Didier Bariani                     (b. 1943)
   Nov 1983 - 11 Nov 1988  André Rossinot (1st time)          (b. 1939)
11 Nov 1988 - 23 Jan 1994  Yves Galland                       (b. 1941)
23 Jan 1994 -        1997  André Rossinot (2nd time)          (s.a.)
       1997 - 21 Nov 1999  Thierry Cornillet                  (b. 1951)
21 Nov 1999 - 26 Oct 2003  François Loos                      (b. 1953)
26 Oct 2003 - 10 Dec 2005  André Rossinot (3rd time)          (s.a.)
10 Dec 2005 - 18 Nov 2007  André Rossinot (4th time)          (s.a.)
                           + Jean-Louis Borloo (1st time)     (b. 1951)
18 Nov 2007 -  8 Apr 2014  Jean-Louis Borloo (2nd time)       (s.a.)
 8 Apr 2014 -              Laurent Hénart                     (b. 1968)
                           (acting to 22 Jun 2014)

Union of Democrats and Independents

18 Sep 2012                federation formed by Radical Party and others

Presidents
18 Sep 2012 -  8 Apr 2014  Jean-Louis Borloo                  (s.a.)
 8 Apr 2014 -              Yves Jégo (acting)                 (b. 1961)

Republican and Citizen Movement

30 Aug 1992                Movement of Citizens (included in Socialist Party until
                           1 May 1993; included in Republican Pole from 19 Jan 2002)
12 May 2002                Republican Pole becomes a party
26 Jan 2003                Republican Pole returns to its former statute of federation,
                           its main component being the Republican and Citizen Movement
                           (successor of the former Movement of Citizens)
       2004                Republican Pole ceases activities

Presidents
30 Aug 1992 -  1 May 1993  Max Gallo                          (b. 1932)
 1 May 1993 -        2001  Jean-Pierre Chevènement            (b. 1939)
       2001 -        2002  Georges Sarre                      (b. 1935)
First secretaries
26 Jan 2003 - 28 Nov 2004  Jean-Luc Laurent                   (b. 1957)
28 Nov 2004 - 22 Jun 2008  Georges Sarre                      (s.a.)
Presidents
22 Jun 2008 - 27 Jun 2010  Jean-Pierre Chevènement            (s.a.)
27 Jun 2010 -              Jean-Luc Laurent                   (s.a.)

Republican Pole

Presidents
19 Jan 2002 - 12 May 2002  Max Gallo                          (s.a.)
12 May 2002 -        2004  Jean-Pierre Chevènement            (s.a.)

Movement for France

21 Nov 1999 - 19 Jul 2000  part of Rally for France

President
20 Nov 1994 -              Philippe de Villiers               (b. 1949)

Rally for France

President
21 Nov 1999 -              Charles Pasqua                     (b. 1927)

National Front

Presidents
12 Oct 1972 - 16 Jan 2011  Jean-Marie Le Pen                  (b. 1928)
16 Jan 2011 -              Marine Le Pen (f)                  (b. 1968)

National Republican Movement

 2 Oct 1999                National Front-National Movement renamed
                           National Republican Movement (MNR)

President
25 Jan 1999 -              Bruno Mégret                       (b. 1949)
22 Jun 2008 - 12 Oct 2008    Executive Bureau
                             (acting for absent Mégret)
                             - Nicolas Bay                    (b. 1977)
                               (to 23 Sep 2008)
                             - Jacques Gaillard               (b. 1945)
                               (to 23 Sep 2008)
                             - Annick Martin (f)              (b. 1948)
                             - Véronique Péan (f)             (b. 1953)
                             - Serge Rep
                             - Bertrand Robert                (b. 1956)
                             - Alain Vauzelle                 (b. 1943 - d. 2009)
12 Oct 2008 - 20 Nov 2010    Executive Bureau
                             (acting for absent Mégret)
                             - Philippe Cubaynes              (b. 1943)
                             - Yves Dupont                    (b. 1957)
                             - Isabelle Laraque (f)           (b. 1947)
                             - Annick Martin (f)              (s.a.)
                             - Yann Phelippeau                (b. 1930)
                             - Alain Vauzelle (to 1 Oct 2009) (s.a.)
20 Nov 2010 -                Executive Bureau
                             (acting for absent Mégret)
                             - Annick Martin (f) (to 201...)  (s.a.)
                             - Roland Curtet
                             - Yann Phelippeau (to 201...)    (s.a.)
                             - Michel Paulin
                             - Hubert Savon

Europe Écologie-The Greens

29 Jan 1984                The Greens founded
13 Nov 2010                merged with Europe Écologie

National secretaries
   Nov 1986 - 14 Nov 1993  Antoine Waechter                   (b. 1949)
14 Nov 1993 - 11 Jan 2003  Dominique Voynet (f)               (b. 1958)
11 Jan 2003 - 16 Jan 2005  Gilles Lemaire                     (b. 1951)
16 Jan 2005 - 16 Dec 2006  Yann Wehrling                      (b. 1971)
16 Dec 2006 - 23 Jun 2012  Cécile Duflot (f)                  (b. 1975)
23 Jun 2012 - 30 Nov 2013  Pascal Durand                      (b. 1960)
30 Nov 2013 -              Emmanuelle Cosse (f)               (b. 1974)

Labour unions


General Confederation of Labour (CGT)

General secretaries
 4 Dec 1895 - 20 Jun 1899  A. Lagailse
       1899 -    Sep 1900  Maurice Copigneaux                 (b. 1868 - d. 1943)
   Sep 1900 -    Apr 1901  Victor Renaudin
21 Apr 1901 - 26 Nov 1901  Eugène Guérard                     (b. 1859 - d. 1931)
26 Nov 1901 -  2 Feb 1909  Victor Griffuelhes                 (b. 1874 - d. 1922)
 2 Feb 1909 - 26 May 1909  Louis Niel                         (b. 1872 - d. 1952)
12 Jul 1909 -  9 Nov 1940  Léon Jouhaux (1st time)            (b. 1879 - d. 1954)
 8 May 1945 -  5 Sep 1945  Léon Jouhaux (2nd time)            (s.a.)
Collective secretaryship
 5 Sep 1945 - 19 Dec 1947  Léon Jouhaux                       (s.a.)
                           + Benoît Frachon                   (b. 1893 - d. 1975)
   Jan 1948 - 27 Sep 1957  Benoît Frachon                     (s.a.)
                           + Alain Le Léap                    (b. 1905 - d. 1986)
General secretaries
27 Sep 1957 - 16 Jun 1967  Benoît Frachon                     (s.a.)
16 Jun 1967 - 18 Jun 1982  Georges Séguy                      (b. 1927)
18 Jun 1982 - 31 Jan 1992  Henri Krasucki                     (b. 1924 - d. 2003)
31 Jan 1992 -  5 Feb 1999  Louis Viannet                      (b. 1933)
 5 Feb 1999 - 22 Mar 2013  Bernard Thibault                   (b. 1959)
22 Mar 2013 -              Thierry Lepaon                     (b. 1960)

United General Confederation of Labour (CGTU)

26 Jun 1922                United General Confederation of Labour founded
   Mar 1936                merged with General Confederation of Labour

General secretaries
       1922 -        1932  Gaston Monmousseau                 (b. 1883 - d. 1960)
       1932 -        1936  Benoît Frachon                     (s.a.)

French Democratic Confederation of Labour (CFDT)

General secretaries
       1964 -    Sep 1971  Eugène Descamps                    (b. 1922 - d. 1990)
   Sep 1971 - 25 Nov 1988  Edmond Maire                       (b. 1931)
25 Nov 1988 - 20 Oct 1992  Jean Kaspar                        (b. 1941)
20 Oct 1992 - 31 May 2002  Nicole Notat (f)                   (b. 1947)
31 May 2002 - 28 Nov 2012  François Chérèque                  (b. 1956)
28 Nov 2012 -              Laurent Berger                     (b. 1968)

Workers' Force (FO)

General secretaries
   Apr 1948 -    Nov 1963  Robert Bothereau                   (b. 1901 - d. 1985)
   Nov 1963 -  4 Feb 1989  André Bergeron                     (b. 1922 - d. 2014)
 4 Feb 1989 -  7 Feb 2004  Marc Blondel                       (b. 1938 - d. 2014)
 7 Feb 2004 -              Jean-Claude Mailly                 (b. 1953)

Employers' organizations


Movement of Enterprises of France

   Dec 1945                National Council of French Employers (CNPF)
27 Oct 1998                Movement of Enterprises of France (MEDEF)

Presidents
   Jun 1946 -    Jun 1966  Georges Villiers                   (b. 1899 - d. 1982)
   Jun 1966 -    Dec 1972  Paul Huvelin                       (b. 1902 - d. 1995)
   Dec 1972 -    Dec 1981  François Ceyrac                    (b. 1912 - d. 2010)
   Dec 1981 -    Dec 1986  Yvon Gattaz                        (b. 1925)
   Dec 1986 -    Dec 1994  François Perigot                   (b. 1926)
   Dec 1994 -    Dec 1997  Jean Gandois                       (b. 1930)
   Dec 1997 -    Jul 2005  Ernest-Antoine Seillière           (b. 1937)
   Jul 2005 -    Jul 2013  Laurence Parisot (f)               (b. 1959)
   Jul 2013 -              Pierre Gattaz                      (b. 1959)

General Confederation of Small and Medium Enterprises

   Oct 1944                General Confederation of Small and Medium Enterprises (CGPME)

Presidents
   Oct 1944 - 16 Oct 1978  Léon Gingembre                     (b. 1904 - d. 1993)
16 Oct 1978 - 15 Mar 1990  René Bernasconi                    (b. 1916 - d. 2006)
15 Mar 1990 -  8 Feb 2000  Lucien Rebuffel                    (b. 1927)
 8 Feb 2000 - 26 Jun 2002  Jacques Freidel                    (b. 1940)
26 Jun 2002 -              Jean-François Roubaud              (b. 1944)
                           (acting to 16 Oct 2002)