Rulers: Switzerland

Government departments, political parties, etc.


Party abbreviations: BDP=Civic Democratic Party of Switzerland, CVP=Christian Democratic People's Party (before 1912 Catholic Conservative Party, 1912-57 Swiss Conservative People's Party, 1957-70 Conservative Christian Social People's Party), FDP=Liberal-Democratic Party or predecessors, GPS=Green Party of Switzerland, LdU=Alliance of Independents, LPS=Liberal Party of Switzerland or predecessors, SP=Social Political Group, SPS=Social Democratic Party of Switzerland, SVP=Swiss People's Party (1921-71 Peasants', Business, and Citizens' Party)

Chancellery

Federal chancellors
       1803 -        1830  Jean Marc Samuel Mousson           (b. 1776 - d. 1861)
       1830 -    Oct 1847  Josef Franz Karl Amrhyn            (b. 1800 - d. 1849)
   Nov 1847 - 31 Dec 1881  Johann Ulrich Schiess         FDP  (b. 1813 - d. 1883)
                           (acting to 1848)
 1 Jan 1882 - 31 Dec 1909  Gottlieb Ringier              FDP  (b. 1837 - d. 1929)
 1 Jan 1910 - 31 Dec 1918  Hans Schatzmann               FDP  (b. 1848 - d. 1923)
 1 Jan 1919 -  1 Mar 1925  Adolf von Steiger             FDP  (b. 1859 - d. 1925)
       1925 -        1934  Robert Käslin                 FDP  (b. 1871 - d. 1934)
       1934 - 31 Dec 1943  George Bovet                  FDP  (b. 1874 - d. 1946)
 1 Jan 1944 -        1951  Oskar Leimgruber              CVP  (b. 1886 - d. 1976)
       1951 - 31 Dec 1967  Charles Oser                  FDP  (b. 1902 - d. 1994)
 1 Jan 1968 -        1981  Karl Huber                    CVP  (b. 1915 - d. 2002)
       1981 - 30 Jun 1991  Walter Buser                  SPS  (b. 1926)
 1 Jul 1991 - 31 Dec 1999  François Couchepin            FDP  (b. 1935)
 1 Jan 2000 - 31 Dec 2007  Annemarie Huber-Hotz (f)      FDP  (b. 1948)
 1 Jan 2008 - 31 Dec 2015  Corina Casanova (f)           CVP  (b. 1956)
 1 Jan 2016 -              Walter Thurnherr              CVP  (b. 1963)

Foreign Affairs

       1848                Political Department
 1 Jan 1888                Department of Foreign Affairs
 1 Jan 1896                Political Department
 1 Jan 1979                Department of Foreign Affairs

Federal councillors
       1848 - 31 Dec 1887  the presidents
 1 Jan 1888 - 31 Dec 1892  Numa Droz                     FDP  (b. 1844 - d. 1899)
 1 Jan 1893 - 31 Dec 1895  Adrien Lachenal               FDP  (b. 1849 - d. 1918)
 1 Jan 1896 - 31 Dec 1913  the presidents
 1 Jan 1914 - 19 Jun 1917  Arthur Hoffmann               FDP  (b. 1857 - d. 1927)
 2 Jul 1917 - 31 Dec 1917  Gustave Ador                  LPS  (b. 1845 - d. 1928)
 1 Jan 1918 - 31 Dec 1919  Felix Calonder                FDP  (b. 1863 - d. 1952)
 1 Jan 1920 - 23 Jan 1940  Giuseppe Motta                CVP  (b. 1871 - d. 1940)
23 Jan 1940 -  6 Mar 1940  Johannes Baumann (acting)     FDP  (b. 1874 - d. 1953)
 6 Mar 1940 -  4 Jan 1945  Marcel Pilet-Golaz            FDP  (b. 1889 - d. 1958)
 4 Jan 1945 - 30 Jun 1961  Max Petitpierre               FDP  (b. 1899 - d. 1994)
 1 Jul 1961 -  4 Jan 1966  Friedrich Traugott Wahlen     SVP  (b. 1899 - d. 1985)
 4 Jan 1966 - 31 Jan 1970  Willy Spühler                 SPS  (b. 1902 - d. 1990)
 1 Feb 1970 - 31 Jan 1978  Pierre Graber                 SPS  (b. 1908 - d. 2003)
 1 Feb 1978 - 31 Dec 1987  Pierre Aubert                 SPS  (b. 1927 - d. 2016)
 1 Jan 1988 - 31 Mar 1993  René Felber                   SPS  (b. 1933)
 1 Apr 1993 - 30 Apr 1999  Flavio Cotti                  CVP  (b. 1939)
 1 May 1999 - 31 Dec 2002  Joseph Deiss                  CVP  (b. 1946)
 1 Jan 2003 - 31 Dec 2011  Micheline Calmy-Rey (f)       SPS  (b. 1945)
 1 Jan 2012 -              Didier Burkhalter             FDP  (b. 1960)

Defense, Civil Protection, and Sports

       1848                Military Department
 1 Jan 1998                Department of Defense, Civil Protection, and Sports

Federal councillors
       1848 - 31 Dec 1854  Ulrich Ochsenbein             FDP  (b. 1811 - d. 1890)
 1 Jan 1855 - 31 Dec 1859  Friedrich Frey-Herosé         FDP  (b. 1801 - d. 1873)
 1 Jan 1860 - 31 Dec 1861  Jakob Stämpfli (1st time)     FDP  (b. 1820 - d. 1879)
 1 Jan 1862 - 31 Dec 1862  Constant Fornerod (1st time)  FDP  (b. 1819 - d. 1899)
 1 Jan 1863 - 31 Dec 1863  Jakob Stämpfli (2nd time)     FDP  (s.a.)
 1 Jan 1864 - 31 Dec 1866  Constant Fornerod (2nd time)  FDP  (s.a.)
 1 Jan 1867 - 31 Dec 1868  Emil Welti (1st time)         FDP  (b. 1825 - d. 1899)
 1 Jan 1869 - 29 Dec 1869  Victor Ruffy                  FDP  (b. 1823 - d. 1869)
 1 Jan 1870 - 31 Dec 1871  Emil Welti (2nd time)         FDP  (s.a.)
 1 Jan 1872 - 31 Dec 1872  Paul Cérésole                 FDP  (b. 1832 - d. 1905)
 1 Jan 1873 - 31 Dec 1875  Emil Welti (3rd time)         FDP  (s.a.)
 1 Jan 1876 - 23 Dec 1878  Johann Jakob Scherer          FDP  (b. 1825 - d. 1878)
 1 Jan 1879 - 27 Nov 1888  Wilhelm Friedrich Hertenstein FDP  (b. 1825 - d. 1888)
 1 Jan 1889 - 31 Dec 1890  Walter Hauser                 FDP  (b. 1837 - d. 1902)
 1 Jan 1891 - 31 Mar 1897  Emil Frey                     FDP  (b. 1838 - d. 1922)
 1 Apr 1897 - 31 Dec 1898  Eduard Müller (1st time)      FDP  (b. 1848 - d. 1919)
 1 Jan 1899 - 31 Dec 1899  Eugène Ruffy                  FDP  (b. 1854 - d. 1919)
 1 Jan 1900 - 31 Dec 1906  Eduard Müller (2nd time)      FDP  (s.a.)
 1 Jan 1907 - 31 Dec 1907  Ludwig Forrer                 FDP  (b. 1845 - d. 1921)
 1 Jan 1908 - 31 Dec 1911  Eduard Müller (3rd time)      FDP  (s.a.)
 1 Jan 1912 - 31 Dec 1913  Arthur Hoffmann               FDP  (b. 1857 - d. 1927)
 1 Jan 1914 - 31 Dec 1919  Camille Decoppet              FDP  (b. 1862 - d. 1925)
 1 Jan 1920 - 14 Nov 1929  Karl Scheurer                 FDP  (b. 1872 - d. 1929)
 1 Jan 1930 - 31 Dec 1940  Rudolf Minger                 SVP  (b. 1881 - d. 1955)
 1 Jan 1941 - 31 Dec 1954  Karl Kobelt                   FDP  (b. 1891 - d. 1968)
 1 Jan 1955 - 31 Dec 1966  Paul Chaudet                  FDP  (b. 1904 - d. 1977)
 1 Jan 1967 - 30 Jun 1968  Nello Celio                   FDP  (b. 1914 - d. 1995)
 1 Jul 1968 - 31 Dec 1979  Rudolf Gnägi                  SVP  (b. 1917 - d. 1985)
 1 Jan 1980 - 31 Dec 1983  Georges-André Chevallaz       FDP  (b. 1915 - d. 2002)
 1 Jan 1984 - 31 Dec 1986  Jean-Pascal Delamuraz         FDP  (b. 1936 - d. 1998)
 1 Jan 1987 -  3 Feb 1989  Arnold Koller                 CVP  (b. 1933)
 3 Feb 1989 - 31 Dec 1995  Kaspar Villiger               FDP  (b. 1941)
 1 Jan 1996 - 31 Dec 2000  Adolf Ogi                     SVP  (b. 1942)
 1 Jan 2001 - 31 Dec 2008  Samuel Schmid                 SVP;
                                               Jul 2008: BDP  (b. 1947)
 1 Jan 2009 - 31 Dec 2015  Ueli Maurer                   SVP  (b. 1950)
 1 Jan 2016 -              Guy Parmelin                  SVP  (b. 1959)

Interior

Federal councillors
       1848 - 19 Jul 1857  Stefano Franscini             FDP  (b. 1796 - d. 1857)
       1857 - 31 Dec 1863  Giovanni Battista Pioda II    FDP  (b. 1808 - d. 1882)
 1 Jan 1864 - 31 Dec 1864  Karl Schenk (1st time)        FDP  (b. 1823 - d. 1895)
 1 Jan 1865 - 31 Dec 1865  Jakob Dubs (1st time)         FDP  (b. 1822 - d. 1879)
 1 Jan 1866 - 31 Dec 1870  Karl Schenk (2nd time)        FDP  (s.a.)
 1 Jan 1871 - 28 May 1872  Jakob Dubs (2nd time)         FDP  (s.a.)
   May 1872 - 31 Dec 1873  Karl Schenk (3rd time)        FDP  (s.a.)
 1 Jan 1874 - 31 Dec 1875  Melchior Josef Martin Knüsel  FDP  (b. 1813 - d. 1889)
 1 Jan 1876 - 31 Dec 1878  Numa Droz                     FDP  (b. 1844 - d. 1899)
 1 Jan 1879 - 31 Dec 1884  Karl Schenk (4th time)        FDP  (s.a.)
 1 Jan 1885 - 31 Dec 1885  Adolf Deucher                 FDP  (b. 1831 - d. 1912)
 1 Jan 1886 - 18 Jul 1895  Karl Schenk (5th time)        FDP  (s.a.)
   Jul 1895 - 31 Dec 1897  Eugène Ruffy                  FDP  (b. 1854 - d. 1919)
 1 Jan 1898 - 31 Dec 1899  Adrien Lachenal               FDP  (b. 1849 - d. 1918)
 1 Jan 1900 - 31 Dec 1903  Marc-Émile Ruchet (1st time)  FDP  (b. 1853 - d. 1912)
 1 Jan 1904 - 31 Dec 1905  Ludwig Forrer                 FDP  (b. 1845 - d. 1921)
 1 Jan 1906 - 31 Dec 1910  Marc-Émile Ruchet (2nd time)  FDP  (s.a.)
 1 Jan 1911 - 27 Nov 1911  Josef Anton Schobinger        CVP  (b. 1849 - d. 1911)
 1 Jan 1912 -  9 Jul 1912  Marc-Émile Ruchet (3rd time)  FDP  (s.a.)
   Jul 1912 - 31 Dec 1912  Camille Decoppet              FDP  (b. 1862 - d. 1925)
 1 Jan 1913 - 16 May 1913  Louis Perrier                 FDP  (b. 1849 - d. 1913)
   May 1913 - 31 Dec 1917  Felix Calonder                FDP  (b. 1863 - d. 1952)
 1 Jan 1918 - 31 Dec 1919  Gustave Ador                  LPS  (b. 1845 - d. 1928)
 1 Jan 1920 - 31 Dec 1928  Ernest Chuard                 FDP  (b. 1857 - d. 1942)
 1 Jan 1929 - 31 Dec 1929  Marcel Pilet-Golaz            FDP  (b. 1889 - d. 1958)
 1 Jan 1930 -        1934  Albert Meyer                  FDP  (b. 1870 - d. 1953)
       1934 - 31 Dec 1959  Philipp Etter                 CVP  (b. 1891 - d. 1977)
 1 Jan 1960 - 31 Dec 1973  Hans Peter Tschudi            SPS  (b. 1913 - d. 2002)
 1 Jan 1974 - 31 Dec 1982  Hans Hürlimann                CVP  (b. 1918 - d. 1994)
 1 Jan 1983 - 31 Dec 1986  Alphons Egli                  CVP  (b. 1924 - d. 2016)
 1 Jan 1987 - 31 Dec 1993  Flavio Cotti                  CVP  (b. 1939)
 1 Jan 1994 - 31 Dec 2002  Ruth Dreifuss (f)             SPS  (b. 1940)
 1 Jan 2003 - 31 Oct 2009  Pascal Couchepin              FDP  (b. 1942)
 1 Nov 2009 - 31 Dec 2011  Didier Burkhalter             FDP  (b. 1960)
 1 Jan 2012 -              Alain Berset                  SPS  (b. 1972)

Finance

       1848                Department of Finance
 1 Jan 1873                Department of Finance and Customs
 1 Jan 1979                Department of Finance

Federal councillors
       1848 - 31 Dec 1850  Martin J. Munzinger
                           (1st time)                    FDP  (b. 1791 - d. 1855)
 1 Jan 1851 - 31 Dec 1851  Henri Druey (1st time)        FDP  (b. 1799 - d. 1855)
 1 Jan 1852 - 31 Dec 1852  Martin J. Munzinger
                           (2nd time)                    FDP  (s.a.)
 1 Jan 1853 - 29 Mar 1855  Henri Druey (2nd time)        FDP  (s.a.)
   Mar 1855 - 31 Dec 1856  Melchior Josef Martin Knüsel
                           (1st time)                    FDP  (b. 1813 - d. 1889)
 1 Jan 1857 - 31 Dec 1858  Jakob Stämpfli                FDP  (b. 1820 - d. 1879)
 1 Jan 1859 - 31 Dec 1861  Constant Fornerod             FDP  (b. 1819 - d. 1899)
 1 Jan 1862 - 31 Dec 1863  Melchior Josef Martin Knüsel
                           (2nd time)                    FDP  (s.a.)
 1 Jan 1864 - 31 Dec 1867  Jean-Jacques Challet-Venel
                           (1st time)                    FDP  (b. 1811 - d. 1893)
 1 Jan 1868 - 31 Dec 1868  Victor Ruffy                  FDP  (b. 1823 - d. 1869)
 1 Jan 1869 - 31 Dec 1869  Jean-Jacques Challet-Venel
                           (2nd time)                    FDP  (s.a.)
 1 Jan 1870 - 31 Dec 1871  Paul Cérésole                 FDP  (b. 1832 - d. 1905)
 1 Jan 1872 -        1872  Karl Schenk                   FDP  (b. 1823 - d. 1895)
       1872 -        1873  Johann Jakob Scherer
                           (1st time)                    FDP  (b. 1825 - d. 1878)
       1873                Wilhelm Matthias Näff
                           (1st time)                    FDP  (b. 1802 - d. 1881)
       1873 - 31 Dec 1873  Johann Jakob Scherer
                           (2nd time)                    FDP  (s.a.)
 1 Jan 1874 - 31 Dec 1875  Wilhelm Matthias Näff
                           (2nd time)                    FDP  (s.a.)
 1 Jan 1876 - 31 Dec 1878  Bernhard Hammer (1st time)    FDP  (b. 1822 - d. 1907)
 1 Jan 1879 - 31 Dec 1879  Simeon Bavier                 FDP  (b. 1825 - d. 1896)
 1 Jan 1880 - 31 Dec 1890  Bernhard Hammer (2nd time)    FDP  (s.a.)
 1 Jan 1891 - 31 Dec 1899  Walter Hauser (1st time)      FDP  (b. 1837 - d. 1902)
 1 Jan 1900 - 31 Dec 1900  Robert Comtesse (1st time)    FDP  (b. 1847 - d. 1922)
 1 Jan 1901 - 22 Oct 1902  Walter Hauser (2nd time)      FDP  (s.a.)
       1903 - 31 Dec 1903  Robert Comtesse (2nd time)    FDP  (s.a.)
 1 Jan 1904 - 31 Dec 1904  Marc-Émile Ruchet             FDP  (b. 1853 - d. 1912)
 1 Jan 1905 - 31 Dec 1909  Robert Comtesse (3rd time)    FDP  (s.a.)
 1 Jan 1910 - 31 Dec 1910  Josef Anton Schobinger        CVP  (b. 1849 - d. 1911)
 1 Jan 1911 - 31 Dec 1911  Robert Comtesse (4th time)    FDP  (s.a.)
 1 Jan 1912 - 31 Dec 1919  Giuseppe Motta                CVP  (b. 1871 - d. 1940)
 1 Jan 1920 - 30 Apr 1934  Jean-Marie Musy               CVP  (b. 1876 - d. 1952)
 1 May 1934 - 31 Dec 1938  Albert Meyer                  FDP  (b. 1870 - d. 1953)
 1 Jan 1939 - 31 Dec 1943  Ernst Wetter                  FDP  (b. 1877 - d. 1965)
 1 Jan 1944 - 31 Dec 1951  Ernst Nobs                    SPS  (b. 1886 - d. 1957)
 1 Jan 1952 - 31 Jan 1954  Max Weber                     SPS  (b. 1897 - d. 1974)
 1 Feb 1954 - 31 Dec 1959  Hans Streuli                  FDP  (b. 1892 - d. 1970)
 1 Jan 1960 - 30 Sep 1962  Jean Bourgknecht              CVP  (b. 1902 - d. 1964)
 1 Oct 1962 - 30 Jun 1968  Roger Bonvin                  CVP  (b. 1907 - d. 1982)
 1 Jul 1968 - 31 Dec 1973  Nello Celio                   FDP  (b. 1914 - d. 1995)
 1 Jan 1974 - 31 Dec 1979  Georges-André Chevallaz
                           (1st time)                    FDP  (b. 1915 - d. 2002)
 1 Jan 1980 - 16 Oct 1983  Willi Ritschard               SPS  (b. 1918 - d. 1983)
16 Oct 1983 - 31 Dec 1983  Georges-André Chevallaz
                           (2nd time)                    FDP  (s.a.)
 1 Jan 1984 - 31 Dec 1995  Otto Stich                    SPS  (b. 1927 - d. 2012)
 1 Jan 1996 - 31 Dec 2003  Kaspar Villiger               FDP  (b. 1941)
 1 Jan 2004 - 31 Oct 2010  Hans-Rudolf Merz              FDP  (b. 1942)
22 Sep 2008 -  3 Nov 2008    Eveline Widmer-Schlumpf (f) BDP  (b. 1956)
                             (acting for Merz)
 1 Nov 2010 - 31 Dec 2015  Eveline Widmer-Schlumpf (f)   BDP  (s.a.)
 1 Jan 2016 -              Ueli Maurer                   SVP  (b. 1950)

Justice and Police

Federal councillors
       1848 - 31 Dec 1849  Henri Druey (1st time)        FDP  (b. 1799 - d. 1855)
 1 Jan 1850 - 31 Dec 1851  Jonas Furrer (1st time)       FDP  (b. 1805 - d. 1861)
 1 Jan 1852 - 31 Dec 1852  Henri Druey (2nd time)        FDP  (s.a.)
 1 Jan 1853 - 31 Dec 1854  Jonas Furrer (2nd time)       FDP  (s.a.)
 1 Jan 1855 - 31 Dec 1855  Jakob Stämpfli                FDP  (b. 1820 - d. 1879)
 1 Jan 1856 - 31 Dec 1857  Jonas Furrer (3rd time)       FDP  (s.a.)
 1 Jan 1858 - 31 Dec 1858  Melchior Josef Martin Knüsel
                           (1st time)                    FDP  (b. 1813 - d. 1889)
 1 Jan 1859 - 25 Jul 1861  Jonas Furrer (4th time)       FDP  (s.a.)
   Jul 1861 - 31 Dec 1863  Jakob Dubs (1st time)         FDP  (b. 1822 - d. 1879)
 1 Jan 1864 - 31 Dec 1865  Melchior Josef Martin Knüsel
                           (2nd time)                    FDP  (s.a.)
 1 Jan 1866 - 31 Dec 1866  Jakob Dubs (2nd time)         FDP  (s.a.)
 1 Jan 1867 - 31 Dec 1873  Melchior Josef Martin Knüsel
                           (3rd time)                    FDP  (s.a.)
 1 Jan 1874 - 31 Dec 1875  Paul Cérésole                 FDP  (b. 1832 - d. 1905)
 1 Jan 1876 - 25 Dec 1880  Fridolin Anderwert            FDP  (b. 1828 - d. 1880)
       1881 - 31 Dec 1881  Emil Welti                    FDP  (b. 1825 - d. 1899)
 1 Jan 1882 - 31 Dec 1882  Louis Ruchonnet (1st time)    FDP  (b. 1834 - d. 1893)
 1 Jan 1883 - 31 Dec 1883  Adolf Deucher                 FDP  (b. 1831 - d. 1912)
 1 Jan 1884 - 31 Dec 1893  Louis Ruchonnet (2nd time)    FDP  (s.a.)
 1 Jan 1894 -        1895  Eugène Ruffy                  FDP  (b. 1854 - d. 1919)
       1895 -        1897  Eduard Müller (1st time)      FDP  (b. 1848 - d. 1919)
       1897 - 31 Dec 1900  Ernst Brenner (1st time)      FDP  (b. 1856 - d. 1911)
 1 Jan 1901 - 31 Dec 1901  Robert Comtesse               FDP  (b. 1847 - d. 1922)
 1 Jan 1902 - 31 Dec 1907  Ernst Brenner (2nd time)      FDP  (s.a.)
 1 Jan 1908 -        1908  Ludwig Forrer                 FDP  (b. 1845 - d. 1921)
       1908 - 31 Dec 1908  Josef Anton Schobinger        CVP  (b. 1849 - d. 1911)
 1 Jan 1909 - 11 Mar 1911  Ernst Brenner (3rd time)      FDP  (s.a.)
   Mar 1911 - 31 Dec 1911  Arthur Hoffmann               FDP  (b. 1857 - d. 1927)
 1 Jan 1912 - 31 Dec 1912  Eduard Müller (2nd time)      FDP  (s.a.)
 1 Jan 1913 - 31 Dec 1913  Camille Decoppet              FDP  (b. 1862 - d. 1925)
 1 Jan 1914 - 31 Dec 1919  Eduard Müller (3rd time)      FDP  (s.a.)
 1 Jan 1920 - 30 Apr 1934  Heinrich Häberlin             FDP  (b. 1868 - d. 1947)
 1 May 1934 - 31 Dec 1940  Johannes Baumann              FDP  (b. 1874 - d. 1953)
 1 Jan 1941 - 31 Dec 1951  Eduard von Steiger            SVP  (b. 1881 - d. 1962)
 1 Jan 1952 -  3 Nov 1958  Markus Feldmann               SVP  (b. 1897 - d. 1958)
 1 Jan 1959 - 31 Dec 1959  Friedrich Traugott Wahlen     SVP  (b. 1899 - d. 1985)
 1 Jan 1960 - 31 Dec 1971  Ludwig von Moos               CVP  (b. 1910 - d. 1990)
 1 Jan 1972 - 31 Dec 1982  Kurt Furgler                  CVP  (b. 1924 - d. 2008)
 1 Jan 1983 - 19 Oct 1984  Rudolf Friedrich              FDP  (b. 1923 - d. 2013)
19 Oct 1984 -  3 Feb 1989  Elisabeth Kopp (f)            FDP  (b. 1936)
 3 Feb 1989 - 30 Apr 1999  Arnold Koller                 CVP  (b. 1933)
 1 May 1999 - 31 Dec 2003  Ruth Metzler (f)              CVP  (b. 1964)
 1 Jan 2004 - 31 Dec 2007  Christoph Blocher             SVP  (b. 1940)
 1 Jan 2008 - 31 Oct 2010  Eveline Widmer-Schlumpf (f)   SVP;
                                               Jun 2008: BDP  (b. 1956)
 1 Nov 2010 -              Simonetta Sommaruga (f)       SPS  (b. 1960)

Economy

       1848                Department of Trade and Customs
 1 Jan 1873                Department of Railways and Trade
 1 Jan 1879                Department of Trade and Agriculture
 1 Jan 1888                Department of Industry and Agriculture
 1 Jan 1896                Department of Trade, Industry, and Agriculture
 1 Jan 1915                Department of Economy

Federal councillors
       1848 - 31 Dec 1853  Friedrich Frey-Herosé
                           (1st time)                    FDP  (b. 1801 - d. 1873)
 1 Jan 1854 - 31 Dec 1854  Wilhelm Matthias Näff
                           (1st time)                    FDP  (b. 1802 - d. 1881)
 1 Jan 1855 -  6 Feb 1855  Martin J. Munzinger           FDP  (b. 1791 - d. 1855)
   Feb 1855 - 31 Dec 1856  Constant Fornerod (1st time)  FDP  (b. 1819 - d. 1899)
 1 Jan 1857 - 31 Dec 1857  Melchior Josef Martin Knüsel
                           (1st time)                    FDP  (b. 1813 - d. 1889)
 1 Jan 1858 - 31 Dec 1858  Constant Fornerod (2nd time)  FDP  (s.a.)
 1 Jan 1859 - 31 Dec 1860  Melchior Josef Martin Knüsel
                           (2nd time)                    FDP  (s.a.)
 1 Jan 1861 - 31 Dec 1866  Friedrich Frey-Herosé
                           (2nd time)                    FDP  (s.a.)
 1 Jan 1867 - 31 Dec 1872  Wilhelm Matthias Näff
                           (2nd time)                    FDP  (s.a.)
 1 Jan 1873 - 31 Dec 1874  Johann Jakob Scherer          FDP  (b. 1825 - d. 1878)
 1 Jan 1875 - 31 Dec 1877  Karl Schenk                   FDP  (b. 1823 - d. 1895)
 1 Jan 1878 - 31 Dec 1878  Joachim Heer                  FDP  (b. 1825 - d. 1879)
 1 Jan 1879 - 31 Dec 1880  Numa Droz (1st time)          FDP  (b. 1844 - d. 1899)
 1 Jan 1881 - 31 Dec 1881  Louis Ruchonnet               FDP  (b. 1834 - d. 1893)
 1 Jan 1882 - 31 Dec 1886  Numa Droz (2nd time)          FDP  (s.a.)
 1 Jan 1887 - 31 Dec 1896  Adolf Deucher (1st time)      FDP  (b. 1831 - d. 1912)
 1 Jan 1897 - 31 Dec 1897  Adrien Lachenal               FDP  (b. 1849 - d. 1918)
 1 Jan 1898 - 31 Dec 1902  Adolf Deucher (2nd time)      FDP  (s.a.)
 1 Jan 1903 - 31 Dec 1903  Ludwig Forrer                 FDP  (b. 1845 - d. 1921)
 1 Jan 1904 - 31 Dec 1908  Adolf Deucher (3rd time)      FDP  (s.a.)
 1 Jan 1909 - 31 Dec 1909  Josef Anton Schobinger        CVP  (b. 1849 - d. 1911)
 1 Jan 1910 - 10 Jul 1912  Adolf Deucher (4th time)      FDP  (s.a.)
   Jul 1912 - 15 Apr 1934  Edmund Schulthess             FDP  (b. 1868 - d. 1944)
   Apr 1934 - 31 Jul 1940  Hermann Obrecht               FDP  (b. 1882 - d. 1940)
 1 Aug 1940 - 31 Dec 1947  Walter Stampfli               FDP  (b. 1884 - d. 1965)
 1 Jan 1948 - 31 Dec 1954  Rodolphe Rubattel             FDP  (b. 1896 - d. 1961)
 1 Jan 1955 - 31 Dec 1959  Thomas Holenstein             CVP  (b. 1896 - d. 1962)
 1 Jan 1960 - 30 Jun 1961  Friedrich Traugott Wahlen     SVP  (b. 1899 - d. 1985)
 1 Jul 1961 - 31 Dec 1969  Hans Schaffner                FDP  (b. 1908 - d. 2004)
 1 Jan 1970 - 31 Jan 1978  Ernst Brugger                 FDP  (b. 1914 - d. 1998)
 1 Feb 1978 - 31 Dec 1982  Fritz Honegger                FDP  (b. 1917 - d. 1999)
 1 Jan 1983 - 31 Dec 1986  Kurt Furgler                  CVP  (b. 1924 - d. 2008)
 1 Jan 1987 - 31 Mar 1998  Jean-Pascal Delamuraz         FDP  (b. 1936 - d. 1998)
 1 Apr 1998 - 31 Dec 2002  Pascal Couchepin              FDP  (b. 1942)
 1 Jan 2003 - 31 Jul 2006  Joseph Deiss                  CVP  (b. 1946)
 1 Aug 2006 - 31 Oct 2010  Doris Leuthard (f)            CVP  (b. 1963)
 1 Nov 2010 -              Johann Schneider-Ammann       FDP  (b. 1952)

Environment, Transport, Energy, and Communication

       1848                Department of Posts and Construction
 1 Jan 1860                Department of Posts
 1 Jan 1873                Department of Posts and Telegraphs
 1 Jan 1879                Department of Posts and Railways
 1 Jan 1963                Department of Transport, Communications, and Energy
 1 Jan 1998                Department of Environment, Transport, Energy, and Communication

Federal councillors
       1848 - 31 Dec 1852  Wilhelm Matthias Näff
                           (1st time)                    FDP  (b. 1802 - d. 1881)
 1 Jan 1853 - 31 Dec 1854  Martin J. Munzinger           FDP  (b. 1791 - d. 1855)
 1 Jan 1855 - 31 Dec 1866  Wilhelm Matthias Näff
                           (2nd time)                    FDP  (s.a.)
 1 Jan 1867 - 31 Dec 1867  Jakob Dubs (1st time)         FDP  (b. 1822 - d. 1879)
 1 Jan 1868 - 31 Dec 1868  Jean-Jacques Challet-Venel
                           (1st time)                    FDP  (b. 1811 - d. 1893)
 1 Jan 1869 - 31 Dec 1869  Jakob Dubs (2nd time)         FDP  (s.a.)
 1 Jan 1870 - 31 Dec 1872  Jean-Jacques Challet-Venel
                           (2nd time)                    FDP  (s.a.)
 1 Jan 1873 - 31 Dec 1875  Eugène Borel                  FDP  (b. 1835 - d. 1892)
 1 Jan 1876 - 31 Dec 1876  Joachim Heer                  FDP  (b. 1825 - d. 1879)
 1 Jan 1877 - 31 Dec 1879  Emil Welti (1st time)         FDP  (b. 1825 - d. 1899)
 1 Jan 1880 - 31 Dec 1881  Simeon Bavier                 FDP  (b. 1825 - d. 1896)
 1 Jan 1882 - 31 Dec 1883  Emil Welti (2nd time)         FDP  (s.a.)
 1 Jan 1884 - 31 Dec 1884  Adolf Deucher                 FDP  (b. 1831 - d. 1912)
 1 Jan 1885 - 31 Dec 1891  Emil Welti (3rd time)         FDP  (s.a.)
 1 Jan 1892 - 31 Dec 1901  Joseph Zemp (1st time)        CVP  (b. 1834 - d. 1908)
 1 Jan 1902 - 31 Dec 1902  Robert Comtesse (1st time)    FDP  (b. 1847 - d. 1922)
 1 Jan 1903 - 17 Jun 1908  Joseph Zemp (2nd time)        CVP  (s.a.)
   Jun 1908 - 31 Dec 1911  Ludwig Forrer (1st time)      FDP  (b. 1845 - d. 1921)
 1 Jan 1912 -  4 Mar 1912  Robert Comtesse (2nd time)    FDP  (s.a.)
   Mar 1912 - 31 Dec 1912  Louis Perrier                 FDP  (b. 1849 - d. 1913)
 1 Jan 1913 - 31 Dec 1917  Ludwig Forrer (2nd time)      FDP  (s.a.)
 1 Jan 1918 - 31 Dec 1929  Robert Haab                   FDP  (b. 1865 - d. 1939)
 1 Jan 1930 -        1940  Marcel Pilet-Golaz            FDP  (b. 1889 - d. 1958)
       1940 - 15 Oct 1950  Enrico Celio                  CVP  (b. 1889 - d. 1980)
   Oct 1950 -  9 Dec 1954  Josef Escher                  CVP  (b. 1885 - d. 1954)
 1 Jan 1955 - 31 Dec 1959  Giuseppe Lepori               CVP  (b. 1902 - d. 1968)
 1 Jan 1960 - 31 Dec 1965  Willy Spühler                 SPS  (b. 1902 - d. 1990)
 1 Jan 1966 - 30 Jun 1968  Rudolf Gnägi                  SVP  (b. 1917 - d. 1985)
 1 Jul 1968 - 31 Dec 1973  Roger Bonvin                  CVP  (b. 1907 - d. 1982)
 1 Jan 1974 - 31 Dec 1979  Willi Ritschard               SPS  (b. 1918 - d. 1983)
 1 Jan 1980 - 31 Dec 1987  Leon Schlumpf                 SVP  (b. 1925 - d. 2012)
 1 Jan 1988 - 31 Dec 1995  Adolf Ogi                     SVP  (b. 1942)
 1 Jan 1996 - 31 Oct 2010  Moritz Leuenberger            SPS  (b. 1946)
 1 Nov 2010 -              Doris Leuthard (f)            CVP  (b. 1963)

Parliament


National Council (Nationalrat/Conseil National/Consiglio Nazionale/Cussegl Naziunal)

Presidents
 7 Nov 1848 - 21 Nov 1848  Ulrich Ochsenbein             FDP  (b. 1811 - d. 1890)
21 Nov 1848 - 16 Apr 1849  Jakob Robert Steiger          FDP  (b. 1801 - d. 1862)
16 Apr 1849 -  9 May 1850  Alfred Escher (1st time)      FDP  (b. 1819 - d. 1882)
 1 Jul 1850 - 21 Dec 1850  Johann Konrad Kern            FDP  (b. 1808 - d. 1888)
 7 Jul 1851 - 27 Aug 1851  Jakob Stämpfli (1st time)     FDP  (b. 1820 - d. 1879)
 1 Dec 1851 - 23 Dec 1851  Johann Trog                   FDP  (b. 1807 - d. 1867)
 5 Jul 1852 -  4 Feb 1853  Johann Matthias Hungerbühler  FDP  (b. 1805 - d. 1884)
 4 Jul 1853 -  9 Feb 1854  Giovanni Battista Pioda II    FDP  (b. 1808 - d. 1882)
 3 Jul 1854 - 22 Jul 1854  Jakob Dubs                    FDP  (b. 1822 - d. 1879)
 4 Dec 1854 - 22 Dec 1854  Casimir Pfyffer               FDP  (b. 1794 - d. 1875)
 2 Jul 1855 - 25 Jul 1855  Eduard Eugen Blösch           FDP  (b. 1807 - d. 1866)
21 Jan 1856 -  7 Feb 1856  Friedrich Siegfried           FDP  (b. 1809 - d. 1882)
 7 Jul 1856 - 27 Sep 1856  Jules Martin                  FDP  (b. 1824 - d. 1875)
27 Dec 1856 - 12 Jun 1857  Alfred Escher (2nd time)      FDP  (s.a.)
 6 Jul 1857 -  5 Aug 1857  Paul Migy                     FDP  (b. 1814 - d. 1879)
 7 Dec 1857 - 23 Dec 1857  Augustin Keller               FDP  (b. 1805 - d. 1883)
 5 Jul 1858 - 29 Jan 1859  Johann Jakob Stehlin
                           (1st time)                    FDP  (b. 1803 - d. 1879)
 2 May 1859 -  4 Apr 1860  Friedrich Peyer im Hof        FDP  (b. 1817 - d. 1900)
 2 Jul 1860 - 21 Jul 1860  Johann Baptist Weder          FDP  (b. 1800 - d. 1872)
 4 Dec 1860 - 22 Dec 1860  Édouard Dapples               FDP  (b. 1807 - d. 1887)
 1 Jul 1861 -  8 Feb 1862  Karl Karrer                   FDP  (b. 1815 - d. 1886)
 7 Jul 1862 - 31 Jan 1863  Alfred Escher (3rd time)      FDP  (s.a.)
 6 Jul 1863 -  1 Aug 1863  Joachim Heer (1st time)       FDP  (b. 1825 - d. 1879)
 8 Dec 1863 - 23 Dec 1863  Victor Ruffy                  FDP  (b. 1823 - d. 1869)
 4 Jul 1864 - 17 Dec 1864  Gottlieb Jäger                FDP  (b. 1805 - d. 1891)
 3 Jul 1865 - 24 Feb 1866  Andreas Rudolf von Planta     FDP  (b. 1819 - d. 1889)
 2 Jul 1866 - 21 Jul 1866  Niklaus Niggeler              FDP  (b. 1817 - d. 1872)
 4 Dec 1866 - 22 Dec 1866  Jules Philippin (1st time)    FDP  (b. 1818 - d. 1882)
 1 Jul 1867 - 21 Dec 1867  Johann Jakob Stehlin
                           (2nd time)                    FDP  (s.a.)
 6 Jul 1868 - 23 Dec 1868  Simon Kaiser (1st time)       FDP  (b. 1828 - d. 1898)
 5 Jul 1869 - 22 Oct 1869  Louis Ruchonnet (1st time)    FDP  (b. 1834 - d. 1893)
 7 Dec 1869 -  1 Feb 1870  Joachim Heer (2nd time)       FDP  (s.a.)
 4 Jul 1870 - 24 Dec 1870  Fridolin Anderwert            FDP  (b. 1828 - d. 1880)
 3 Jul 1871 - 29 May 1872  Rudolf Brunner                FDP  (b. 1827 - d. 1894)
 1 Jul 1872 - 20 Jul 1872  Charles Friderich             FDP  (b. 1828 - d. 1880)
 3 Dec 1872 - 24 Dec 1872  Daniel Wirth-Sand             FDP  (b. 1815 - d. 1901)
 8 Jul 1873 - 29 May 1874  Gottlieb Ziegler              FDP  (b. 1828 - d. 1898)
 1 Jun 1874 - 13 Nov 1874  Karl Feer-Herzog              FDP  (b. 1820 - d. 1880)
 7 Dec 1874 - 20 Mar 1875  Louis Ruchonnet (2nd time)    FDP  (s.a.)
 7 Jun 1875 - 18 Sep 1875  Jakob Stämpfli (2nd time)     FDP  (s.a.)
 7 Dec 1875 - 25 Mar 1876  Emil Frey                     FDP  (b. 1838 - d. 1922)
 5 Jun 1876 - 28 Mar 1877  Arnold Otto Aepli             FDP  (b. 1816 - d. 1897)
 4 Jul 1877 - 22 Feb 1878  Eduard Marti                  FDP  (b. 1829 - d. 1896)
 3 Jul 1878 -  2 Dec 1878  Jules Philippin (2nd time)    FDP  (s.a.)
 3 Dec 1878 -  2 Jun 1879  Melchior Römer                FDP  (b. 1831 - d. 1895)
 2 Jun 1879 -  7 Jun 1880  Arnold Künzli                 FDP  (b. 1832 - d. 1908)
 7 Jun 1880 -  6 Jun 1881  Karl Burckhardt               FDP  (b. 1830 - d. 1893)
 6 Jun 1881 -  5 Dec 1881  Antoine Vessaz                FDP  (b. 1833 - d. 1911)
 7 Dec 1881 -  5 Jun 1882  Karl Zyro                     FDP  (b. 1834 - d. 1896)
 5 Jun 1882 - 23 Apr 1883  Adolf Deucher                 FDP  (b. 1831 - d. 1912)
18 Jun 1883 -  4 Jun 1884  Simon Kaiser (2nd time)       FDP  (s.a.)
 4 Jun 1884 -  1 Dec 1884  Georges Favon                 FDP  (b. 1843 - d. 1902)
 2 Dec 1884 -  1 Jun 1885  Johannes Stössel              FDP  (b. 1837 - d. 1919)
 1 Jun 1885 -  7 Jun 1886  Andrea Bezzola                FDP  (b. 1840 - d. 1897)
 7 Jun 1886 -  6 Jun 1887  Henri Morel                   FDP  (b. 1838 - d. 1912)
 6 Jun 1887 -  6 Dec 1887  Joseph Zemp                   CVP  (b. 1834 - d. 1908)
 6 Dec 1887 -  4 Jun 1888  Erwin Kurz                    FDP  (b. 1846 - d. 1901)
 4 Jun 1888 -  3 Jun 1889  Eugène Ruffy                  FDP  (b. 1854 - d. 1919)
 3 Jun 1889 -  2 Jun 1890  Heinrich Häberlin             FDP  (b. 1834 - d. 1897)
 2 Jun 1890 -  2 Dec 1890  August Suter                  FDP  (b. 1829 - d. 1901)
 2 Dec 1890 -  1 Jun 1891  Eduard Müller                 FDP  (b. 1848 - d. 1919)
 1 Jun 1891 -  7 Jun 1892  Adrien Lachenal               FDP  (b. 1849 - d. 1918)
 7 Jun 1892 -  5 Jun 1893  Albert Brosi                  FDP  (b. 1836 - d. 1911)
 5 Jun 1893 -  5 Dec 1893  Ludwig Forrer                 FDP  (b. 1845 - d. 1921)
 5 Dec 1893 -  4 Jun 1894  Robert Comtesse               FDP  (b. 1847 - d. 1922)
 4 Jun 1894 -  4 Jun 1895  Ernst Brenner                 FDP  (b. 1856 - d. 1911)
 4 Jun 1895 - 17 Mar 1896  Jakob Bachmann                FDP  (b. 1843 - d. 1915)
17 Mar 1896 -  1 Jun 1896  Josef Stockmar                FDP  (b. 1851 - d. 1919)
 1 Jun 1896 -  8 Dec 1896  Rudolf Gallati                LPS  (b. 1845 - d. 1904)
 8 Dec 1896 -  8 Jun 1897  Johann Josef Keel             CVP  (b. 1837 - d. 1902)
 8 Jun 1897 -  6 Jun 1898  Robert Grieshaber             FDP  (b. 1846 - d. 1928)
 6 Jun 1898 -  5 Jun 1899  Adrien Thélin                 FDP  (b. 1842 - d. 1922)
 5 Jun 1899 -  5 Dec 1899  Hermann Heller                FDP  (b. 1850 - d. 1917)
 5 Dec 1899 -  5 Jun 1900  Rudolf Geilinger              FDP  (b. 1848 - d. 1911)
 5 Jun 1900 -  3 Jun 1901  Fritz Bühlmann                FDP  (b. 1848 - d. 1936)
 3 Jun 1901 -  2 Apr 1902  Gustave Ador                  LPS  (b. 1845 - d. 1928)
 2 Apr 1902 -  2 Jun 1902  Ulrich Meister                FDP  (b. 1838 - d. 1917)
 2 Jun 1902 -  2 Dec 1902  Clemens Iten                  FDP  (b. 1858 - d. 1932)
 2 Dec 1902 -  7 Dec 1903  Konrad Zschokke               FDP  (b. 1842 - d. 1918)
 7 Dec 1903 -  5 Dec 1904  Louis Martin                  FDP  (b. 1838 - d. 1913)
 5 Dec 1904 -  5 Dec 1905  Josef Anton Schobinger        CVP  (b. 1849 - d. 1911)
 5 Dec 1905 -  3 Dec 1906  Johann Hirter                 FDP  (b. 1855 - d. 1926)
 3 Dec 1906 -  2 Dec 1907  Camille Decoppet              FDP  (b. 1862 - d. 1925)
 2 Dec 1907 -  8 Dec 1908  Paul Speiser                  LPS  (b. 1846 - d. 1935)
 8 Dec 1908 -  6 Dec 1909  Adolf Germann                 FDP  (b. 1857 - d. 1924)
 6 Dec 1909 -  5 Dec 1910  Virgile Rossel                FDP  (b. 1858 - d. 1933)
 5 Dec 1910 -  5 Dec 1911  Josef Kuntschen               CVP  (b. 1849 - d. 1928)
 5 Dec 1911 -  2 Dec 1912  Karl Emil Wild                FDP  (b. 1856 - d. 1923)
 2 Dec 1912 -  1 Dec 1913  Carl Spahn                    FDP  (b. 1863 - d. 1943)
 1 Dec 1913 -  8 Dec 1914  Alfred von Planta             LPS  (b. 1857 - d. 1922)
 8 Dec 1914 -  6 Dec 1915  Félix Bonjour                 FDP  (b. 1858 - d. 1942)
 6 Dec 1915 -  4 Dec 1916  Arthur Eugster                FDP  (b. 1863 - d. 1922)
 4 Dec 1916 -  3 Dec 1917  Anton Büeler                  CVP  (b. 1858 - d. 1939)
 3 Dec 1917 -  2 Dec 1918  Henri Calame                  FDP  (b. 1867 - d. 1936)
 2 Dec 1918 -  1 Dec 1919  Heinrich Häberlin             FDP  (b. 1868 - d. 1947)
 1 Dec 1919 -  6 Dec 1920  Eduard Blumer                 -    (b. 1848 - d. 1925)
 6 Dec 1920 -  5 Dec 1921  Evaristo Garbani-Nerini       FDP  (b. 1867 - d. 1944)
 5 Dec 1921 -  4 Dec 1922  Emil Klöti                    SPS  (b. 1877 - d. 1963)
 4 Dec 1922 -  3 Dec 1923  Johann Jenny                  SVP  (b. 1857 - d. 1937)
 3 Dec 1923 -  1 Dec 1924  Raymond Evéquoz               CVP  (b. 1864 - d. 1937)
 1 Dec 1924 -  7 Dec 1925  Albert Mächler                FDP  (b. 1868 - d. 1937)
 7 Dec 1925 -  6 Dec 1926  Emil Hofmann                  SP   (b. 1865 - d. 1927)
 6 Dec 1926 -  5 Dec 1927  Paul Maillefer                FDP  (b. 1862 - d. 1929)
 5 Dec 1927 -  3 Dec 1928  Rudolf Minger                 SVP  (b. 1881 - d. 1955)
 3 Dec 1928 -  2 Dec 1929  Heinrich Walther              CVP  (b. 1862 - d. 1954)
 2 Dec 1929 -  1 Dec 1930  Ernest-Paul Graber            SPS  (b. 1875 - d. 1956)
 1 Dec 1930 -  7 Dec 1931  Hans Sträuli                  FDP  (b. 1862 - d. 1938)
 7 Dec 1931 -  5 Dec 1932  Roman Abt                     SVP  (b. 1850 - d. 1933)
 5 Dec 1932 -  4 Dec 1933  Ruggero Dollfus               CVP  (b. 1876 - d. 1948)
 4 Dec 1933 -  3 Dec 1934  Johannes Huber                SPS  (b. 1879 - d. 1948)
 3 Dec 1934 -  6 Dec 1935  Hermann Schüpbach             FDP  (b. 1877 - d. 1949)
 6 Dec 1935 -  7 Dec 1936  Rudolf Reichling              SVP  (b. 1890 - d. 1977)
 7 Dec 1936 -  6 Dec 1937  Maurice Troillet              CVP  (b. 1880 - d. 1961)
 6 Dec 1937 -  5 Dec 1938  Fritz Hauser                  SPS  (b. 1884 - d. 1941)
 5 Dec 1938 -  4 Dec 1939  Henry Vallotton               FDP  (b. 1891 - d. 1971)
 4 Dec 1939 -  2 Dec 1940  Hans Stähli                   SVP  (b. 1889 - d. 1963)
 2 Dec 1940 -  1 Dec 1941  Emil Nietlisbach              CVP  (b. 1887 - d. 1962)
 1 Dec 1941 -  7 Dec 1942  Charles Rosselet              SPS  (b. 1893 - d. 1946)
 7 Dec 1942 -  6 Dec 1943  Emil Keller                   FDP  (b. 1878 - d. 1965)
 6 Dec 1943 -  4 Dec 1944  Paul Gysler                   SVP  (b. 1893 - d. 1966)
 4 Dec 1944 -  3 Dec 1945  Pierre Aeby                   CVP  (b. 1884 - d. 1957)
 3 Dec 1945 -  2 Dec 1946  Robert Grimm                  SPS  (b. 1881 - d. 1958)
 2 Dec 1946 -  1 Dec 1947  Max Wey                       FDP  (b. 1892 - d. 1953)
 1 Dec 1947 -  6 Dec 1948  Albert Picot                  LPS  (b. 1882 - d. 1966)
 6 Dec 1948 -  5 Dec 1949  Josef Escher                  CVP  (b. 1885 - d. 1954)
 5 Dec 1949 -  4 Dec 1950  Jacques Schmid                SPS  (b. 1882 - d. 1960)
 4 Dec 1950 -  3 Dec 1951  Aleardo Pini                  FDP  (b. 1907 - d. 1958)
 3 Dec 1951 -  1 Dec 1952  Karl Renold                   SVP  (b. 1888 - d. 1959)
 1 Dec 1952 -  7 Dec 1953  Thomas Holenstein             CVP  (b. 1896 - d. 1962)
 7 Dec 1953 -  6 Dec 1954  Henri Perret                  SPS  (b. 1885 - d. 1955)
 6 Dec 1954 -  5 Dec 1955  Hermann Häberlin              FDP  (b. 1894 - d. 1975)
 5 Dec 1955 -  3 Dec 1956  Paul Burgdorfer               SVP  (b. 1903 - d. 1973)
 3 Dec 1956 -  2 Dec 1957  Giusep Condrau                CVP  (b. 1894 - d. 1974)
 2 Dec 1957 -  1 Dec 1958  Robert Bratschi               SPS  (b. 1891 - d. 1981)
 1 Dec 1958 -  7 Dec 1959  Eugen Dietschi                FDP  (b. 1896 - d. 1986)
 7 Dec 1959 -  5 Dec 1960  Gaston Clottu                 LPS  (b. 1912 - d. 1995)
 5 Dec 1960 -  4 Dec 1961  Emil Duft                     CVP  (b. 1895 - d. 1978)
 4 Dec 1961 -  3 Dec 1962  Walther Bringolf              SPS  (b. 1895 - d. 1981)
 3 Dec 1962 -  2 Dec 1963  André Guinand                 FDP  (b. 1901 - d. 1991)
 2 Dec 1963 - 30 Nov 1964  Otto Hess                     SVP  (b. 1897 - d. 1988)
30 Nov 1964 - 29 Nov 1965  Franz Josef Kurmann           CVP  (b. 1917 - d. 1988)
29 Nov 1965 - 28 Nov 1966  Pierre Graber                 SPS  (b. 1908 - d. 2003)
28 Nov 1966 -  4 Dec 1967  Alfred Schaller               FDP  (b. 1908 - d. 1985)
 4 Dec 1967 -  2 Dec 1968  Hans Conzett                  SVP  (b. 1915 - d. 1996)
 2 Dec 1968 - 24 Nov 1969  Max Aebischer                 CVP  (b. 1914 - d. 2009)
24 Nov 1969 - 30 Nov 1970  Mathias Eggenberger           SPS  (b. 1905 - d. 1975)
30 Nov 1970 - 29 Jan 1971  Alfred Weber                  FDP  (b. 1923 - d. 2015)
29 Jan 1971 - 27 Nov 1972  William Vontobel              LdU  (b. 1909 - d. 1973)
27 Nov 1972 - 26 Nov 1973  Enrico Franzoni               CVP  (b. 1920 - d. 2008)
26 Nov 1973 - 25 Nov 1974  Anton Muheim                  SPS  (b. 1916 - d. 2016)
25 Nov 1974 -  1 Dec 1975  Simon Kohler                  FDP  (b. 1916 - d. 1990)
 1 Dec 1975 - 29 Nov 1976  Rudolf Etter                  SVP  (b. 1914 - d. 1982)
29 Nov 1976 -  6 Apr 1977  Hans Wyer                     CVP  (b. 1927 - d. 2012)
 2 May 1977 - 28 Nov 1977  Elisabeth Blunschy (f)        CVP  (b. 1922 - d. 2015)
28 Nov 1977 - 27 Nov 1978  Alfred Bussey                 SPS  (b. 1915 - d. 1987)
27 Nov 1978 - 26 Nov 1979  Luigi Generali                FDP  (b. 1920 - d. 2005)
26 Nov 1979 -  1 Dec 1980  Hanspeter Fischer             SVP  (b. 1930 - d. 2009)
 1 Dec 1980 - 30 Nov 1981  Laurent Butty                 CVP  (b. 1925 - d. 1990)
30 Nov 1981 - 29 Nov 1982  Hedi Lang (f)                 SPS  (b. 1931 - d. 2004)
29 Nov 1982 - 28 Nov 1983  Franz Eng                     FDP  (b. 1928)
28 Nov 1983 - 26 Nov 1984  André Gautier                 LPS  (b. 1924 - d. 2000)
26 Nov 1984 -  2 Dec 1985  Arnold Koller                 CVP  (b. 1933)
 2 Dec 1985 -  1 Dec 1986  Martin Bundi                  SPS  (b. 1932)
 1 Dec 1986 - 30 Nov 1987  Jean-Jacques Cevey            FDP  (b. 1928 - d. 2014)
30 Nov 1987 - 28 Nov 1988  Rudolf Reichling              SVP  (b. 1924 - d. 2014)
28 Nov 1988 - 27 Nov 1989  Josef Iten                    CVP  (b. 1943)
27 Nov 1989 - 26 Nov 1990  Victor Ruffy                  SPS  (b. 1937)
26 Nov 1990 - 25 Nov 1991  Ulrich Bremi                  FDP  (b. 1929)
25 Nov 1991 - 30 Nov 1992  Hans-Rudolf Nebiker           SVP  (b. 1929 - d. 2008)
30 Nov 1992 - 29 Nov 1993  Paul Schmidhalter             CVP  (b. 1931 - d. 2005)
29 Nov 1993 - 28 Nov 1994  Gret Haller (f)               SPS  (b. 1947)
28 Nov 1994 -  4 Dec 1995  Claude Frey                   FDP  (b. 1943)
 4 Dec 1995 - 25 Nov 1996  Jean-François Leuba           LPS  (b. 1934 - d. 2004)
25 Nov 1996 -  1 Dec 1997  Judith Stamm (f)              CVP  (b. 1934)
 1 Dec 1997 - 30 Nov 1998  Ernst Leuenberger             SPS  (b. 1945 - d. 2009)
30 Nov 1998 -  6 Dec 1999  Trix Heberlein (f)            FDP  (b. 1942)
 6 Dec 1999 - 27 Nov 2000  Hanspeter Seiler              SVP  (b. 1933)
27 Nov 2000 - 26 Nov 2001  Peter Hess                    CVP  (b. 1948)
26 Nov 2001 - 25 Nov 2002  Liliane Maury Pasquier (f)    SPS  (b. 1956)
25 Nov 2002 -  1 Dec 2003  Yves Christen                 FDP  (b. 1941)
 1 Dec 2003 - 29 Nov 2004  Max Binder                    SVP  (b. 1947)
29 Nov 2004 -  1 Mar 2005  Jean-Philippe Maitre          CVP  (b. 1949 - d. 2006)
 8 Mar 2005 - 28 Nov 2005  Thérèse Meyer (f)             CVP  (b. 1948)
28 Nov 2005 -  4 Dec 2006  Claude Janiak                 SPS  (b. 1948)
 4 Dec 2006 -  3 Dec 2007  Christine Egerszegi-Obrist
                           (f)                           FDP  (b. 1948)
 3 Dec 2007 -  1 Dec 2008  André Bugnon                  SVP  (b. 1947)
 1 Dec 2008 - 23 Nov 2009  Chiara Simoneschi-Cortesi (f) CVP  (b. 1946)
23 Nov 2009 - 29 Nov 2010  Pascale Bruderer Wyss (f)     SPS  (b. 1977)
29 Nov 2010 -  5 Dec 2011  Jean-René Germanier           FDP  (b. 1958)
 5 Dec 2011 - 26 Nov 2012  Hansjörg Walter               SVP  (b. 1951)
26 Nov 2012 - 25 Nov 2013  Maya Graf (f)                 GPS  (b. 1962)
25 Nov 2013 - 24 Nov 2014  Ruedi Lustenberger            CVP  (b. 1950)
24 Nov 2014 - 30 Nov 2015  Stéphane Rossini              SPS  (b. 1963)
30 Nov 2015 - 28 Nov 2016  Christa Markwalder (f)        FDP  (b. 1975)
28 Nov 2016 -              Jürg Stahl                    SVP  (b. 1968)

Council of States (Ständerat/Conseil des États/Consiglio degli Stati/Cussegl dals Stadis)

Presidents
 6 Nov 1848 - 21 Nov 1848  Jonas Furrer                  FDP  (b. 1805 - d. 1861)
21 Nov 1848 -  9 May 1850  François Briatte (1st time)   FDP  (b. 1805 - d. 1877)
 1 Jul 1850 - 21 Dec 1850  Johann Jakob Rüttimann
                           (1st time)                    FDP  (b. 1813 - d. 1876)
 7 Jul 1851 - 27 Aug 1851  Paul Migy                     FDP  (b. 1814 - d. 1879)
 1 Dec 1851 - 23 Dec 1851  Karl Kappeler (1st time)      FDP  (b. 1816 - d. 1888)
 5 Jul 1852 -  4 Feb 1853  François Briatte (2nd time)   FDP  (s.a.)
 4 Jul 1853 -  9 Feb 1854  Johann Jakob Blumer
                           (1st time)                    FDP  (b. 1819 - d. 1875)
 3 Jul 1854 - 22 Jul 1854  James Fazy                    FDP  (b. 1794 - d. 1878)
 4 Dec 1854 - 21 Dec 1854  Karl Kappeler (2nd time)      FDP  (s.a.)
 2 Jul 1855 - 12 Jul 1855  Constant Fornerod             FDP  (b. 1819 - d. 1899)
12 Jul 1855 - 22 Jul 1855  Samuel Schwarz                FDP  (b. 1814 - d. 1868)
21 Jan 1856 -  7 Feb 1856  Aimé Humbert                  FDP  (b. 1819 - d. 1900)
 7 Jul 1856 - 27 Sep 1856  Jakob Dubs                    FDP  (b. 1822 - d. 1879)
27 Dec 1856 - 12 Jun 1857  François Briatte (3rd time)   FDP  (s.a.)
 6 Jul 1857 -  5 Aug 1857  Johann Baptist Weder          FDP  (b. 1800 - d. 1872)
 7 Dec 1857 - 23 Dec 1857  August Stähelin-Brunner       FDP  (b. 1812 - d. 1886)
 5 Jul 1858 -  5 May 1859  Niklaus Niggeler              FDP  (b. 1817 - d. 1872)
 4 Jul 1859 -  3 Feb 1860  François Briatte (4th time)   FDP  (s.a.)
29 Mar 1860 - 21 Jul 1860  Emil Welti (1st time)         FDP  (b. 1825 - d. 1899)
 3 Dec 1860 - 22 Dec 1860  Johann Jakob Blumer
                           (2nd time)                    FDP  (s.a.)
 1 Jul 1861 -  8 Feb 1862  Nicolaus Hermann              FDP  (b. 1818 - d. 1888)
 7 Jul 1862 - 31 Jan 1863  Wilhelm Vigier (1st time)     FDP  (b. 1823 - d. 1886)
 6 Jul 1863 -  1 Aug 1863  Eduard Häberlin               FDP  (b. 1820 - d. 1884)
 7 Dec 1863 - 23 Dec 1863  Karl Schenk                   FDP  (b. 1823 - d. 1895)
 4 Jul 1864 - 17 Dec 1864  Jules Roguin (1st time)       FDP  (b. 1823 - d. 1908)
 3 Jul 1865 - 24 Feb 1866  Johann Jakob Rüttimann
                           (2nd time)                    FDP  (s.a.)
 2 Jul 1866 - 21 Jul 1866  Emil Welti (2nd time)         FDP  (s.a.)
 3 Dec 1866 - 22 Dec 1866  Christian Sahli (1st time)    FDP  (b. 1825 - d. 1897)
 1 Jul 1867 - 21 Dec 1867  Johann Jakob Blumer
                           (3rd time)                    FDP  (s.a.)
 6 Jul 1868 - 23 Dec 1868  Arnold Otto Aepli             FDP  (b. 1816 - d. 1897)
 5 Jul 1869 - 22 Oct 1869  Eugène Borel                  FDP  (b. 1835 - d. 1892)
 6 Dec 1869 -  1 Feb 1870  Johann Weber                  FDP  (b. 1823 - d. 1878)
 4 Jul 1870 - 24 Dec 1870  Abraham Stocker               FDP  (b. 1825 - d. 1887)
 3 Jul 1871 - 29 May 1872  Augustin Keller               FDP  (b. 1805 - d. 1883)
 1 Jul 1872 - 20 Jul 1872  Karl Kappeler (3rd time)      FDP  (s.a.)
 2 Dec 1872 - 24 Dec 1872  Jules Roguin (2nd time)       FDP  (s.a.)
 7 Jul 1873 - 29 May 1874  Alois Kopp                    FDP  (b. 1827 - d. 1891)
 1 Jun 1874 - 20 Mar 1875  Alphons Koechlin              FDP  (b. 1821 - d. 1893)
 7 Jun 1875 - 18 Sep 1875  Gottlieb Ringier              FDP  (b. 1837 - d. 1929)
 6 Dec 1875 -  6 Mar 1876  Numa Droz                     FDP  (b. 1844 - d. 1899)
 6 Mar 1876 -  5 Jun 1876  Johann Jakob Sulzer           FDP  (b. 1821 - d. 1897)
 5 Jun 1876 -  5 Mar 1877  Paul Nagel                    FDP  (b. 1831 - d. 1880)
 4 Jun 1877 -  3 Jun 1878  Karl J. Hoffmann (1st time)   FDP  (b. 1820 - d. 1895)
 3 Jun 1878 -  2 Dec 1878  Antoine Vessaz                FDP  (b. 1833 - d. 1911)
 2 Dec 1878 -  2 Jun 1879  Florian Gengel                FDP  (b. 1834 - d. 1905)
 2 Jun 1879 -  7 Jun 1880  Karl Rudolf Stehlin           FDP  (b. 1831 - d. 1881)
 7 Jun 1880 -  6 Jun 1881  Christian Sahli (2nd time)    FDP  (s.a.)
 6 Jun 1881 -  5 Dec 1881  Karl Kappeler (4th time)      FDP  (s.a.)
 5 Dec 1881 -  5 Jun 1882  Auguste Cornaz                FDP  (b. 1834 - d. 1896)
 5 Jun 1882 - 18 Jun 1883  Wilhelm Vigier (2nd time)     FDP  (s.a.)
18 Jun 1883 -  4 Jun 1884  Walter Hauser                 FDP  (b. 1837 - d. 1902)
 4 Jun 1884 -  1 Dec 1884  Martin Birmann                FDP  (b. 1828 - d. 1890)
 1 Dec 1884 -  1 Jun 1885  Theodor Wirz                  FDP  (b. 1842 - d. 1901)
 1 Jun 1885 -  7 Jun 1886  Esajas Zweifel                FDP  (b. 1827 - d. 1904)
 7 Jun 1886 - 12 Apr 1887  Alphonse Bory                 FDP  (b. 1838 - d. 1891)
12 Apr 1887 -  6 Jun 1887  Albert Scherb                 FDP  (b. 1839 - d. 1908)
 6 Jun 1887 -  5 Dec 1887  Adam Herzog-Weber             FDP  (b. 1829 - d. 1895)
 5 Dec 1887 -  4 Jun 1888  Alexandre Gavard              FDP  (b. 1845 - d. 1898)
 4 Jun 1888 -  3 Jun 1889  Gustav Schoch                 FDP  (b. 1841 - d. 1895)
 3 Jun 1889 -  2 Jun 1890  Karl J. Hoffmann (2nd time)   FDP  (s.a.)
 2 Jun 1890 -  1 Dec 1890  Gustav Muheim                 CVP  (b. 1851 - d. 1917)
 1 Dec 1890 -  1 Jun 1891  Armin Kellersberger           FDP  (b. 1838 - d. 1905)
 1 Jun 1891 -  7 Jun 1892  Fritz Göttisheim              FDP  (b. 1837 - d. 1896)
 7 Jun 1892 -  5 Jun 1893  Henri Schaller                CVP  (b. 1828 - d. 1900)
 5 Jun 1893 -  4 Dec 1893  Friedrich Eggli               LPS  (b. 1838 - d. 1895)
 4 Dec 1893 -  4 Jun 1894  Oskar Munzinger               FDP  (b. 1849 - d. 1932)
 4 Jun 1894 -  4 Jun 1895  Henri de Torrenté             CVP  (b. 1845 - d. 1922)
 4 Jun 1895 -  1 Jun 1896  Adolphe Jordan-Martin         FDP  (b. 1845 - d. 1900)
 1 Jun 1896 -  7 Dec 1896  Johann Jakob Hohl             LPS  (b. 1834 - d. 1913)
 7 Dec 1896 -  8 Jun 1897  Othmar Blumer                 FDP  (b. 1848 - d. 1900)
 8 Jun 1897 -  6 Jun 1898  Luzius Raschein               FDP  (b. 1831 - d. 1899)
 6 Jun 1898 -  5 Jun 1899  Josef Hildebrand              CVP  (b. 1855 - d. 1935)
 5 Jun 1899 -  5 Dec 1899  Rinaldo Simen                 FDP  (b. 1849 - d. 1910)
 5 Dec 1899 -  5 Jun 1900  Arnold Robert                 FDP  (b. 1846 - d. 1925)
 5 Jun 1900 -  3 Jun 1901  Georg Leumann                 FDP  (b. 1842 - d. 1918)
 3 Jun 1901 -  2 Jun 1902  Karl Reichlin                 CVP  (b. 1841 - d. 1924)
 2 Jun 1902 -  1 Dec 1902  Casimir von Arx               FDP  (b. 1852 - d. 1931)
 1 Dec 1902 -  7 Dec 1903  Arthur Hoffmann               FDP  (b. 1857 - d. 1927)
 7 Dec 1903 -  5 Dec 1904  Adrien Lachenal               FDP  (b. 1849 - d. 1918)
 5 Dec 1904 -  4 Dec 1905  Emil Isler                    FDP  (b. 1851 - d. 1936)
 4 Dec 1905 -  3 Dec 1906  Albert Ammann                 FDP  (b. 1860 - d. 1929)
 3 Dec 1906 -  2 Dec 1907  Adalbert Wirz                 CVP  (b. 1848 - d. 1925)
 2 Dec 1907 -  7 Dec 1908  Paul Scherrer                 FDP  (b. 1862 - d. 1935)
 7 Dec 1908 -  6 Dec 1909  Adrien Thélin                 FDP  (b. 1842 - d. 1922)
 6 Dec 1909 -  5 Dec 1910  Paul Usteri                   FDP  (b. 1853 - d. 1927)
 5 Dec 1910 -  4 Dec 1911  Josef Winiger                 CVP  (b. 1855 - d. 1929)
 4 Dec 1911 -  2 Dec 1912  Felix Calonder                FDP  (b. 1863 - d. 1952)
 2 Dec 1912 -  1 Dec 1913  Gottfried Kunz                FDP  (b. 1859 - d. 1930)
 1 Dec 1913 -  7 Dec 1914  Eugène Richard                LPS  (b. 1843 - d. 1925)
 7 Dec 1914 -  6 Dec 1915  Johannes Geel                 FDP  (b. 1854 - d. 1937)
 6 Dec 1915 -  1 Dec 1916  Georges Python                CVP  (b. 1856 - d. 1927)
 1 Dec 1916 -  3 Dec 1917  Philipp Mercier               FDP  (b. 1872 - d. 1936)
 3 Dec 1917 -  2 Dec 1918  Beat Heinrich Bolli           FDP  (b. 1858 - d. 1938)
 2 Dec 1918 -  1 Dec 1919  Friedrich Brügger             CVP  (b. 1854 - d. 1930)
 1 Dec 1919 -  6 Dec 1920  Auguste Pettavel              FDP  (b. 1845 - d. 1921)
 6 Dec 1920 -  5 Dec 1921  Johannes Baumann              FDP  (b. 1874 - d. 1953)
 5 Dec 1921 -  4 Dec 1922  Josef Räber                   CVP  (b. 1872 - d. 1934)
 4 Dec 1922 -  3 Dec 1923  Albert Böhi                   FDP  (b. 1862 - d. 1945)
 3 Dec 1923 -  1 Dec 1924  Henri Simon                   FDP  (b. 1868 - d. 1932)
 1 Dec 1924 -  7 Dec 1925  Josef Andermatt               CVP  (b. 1871 - d. 1942)
 7 Dec 1925 -  6 Dec 1926  Gottfried Keller              FDP  (b. 1873 - d. 1945)
 6 Dec 1926 -  5 Dec 1927  Robert Schöpfer               FDP  (b. 1869 - d. 1941)
 5 Dec 1927 -  3 Dec 1928  Émile Savoy                   CVP  (b. 1877 - d. 1935)
 3 Dec 1928 -  2 Dec 1929  Oscar Wettstein               FDP  (b. 1866 - d. 1952)
 2 Dec 1929 -  1 Dec 1930  Anton Messmer                 CVP  (b. 1858 - d. 1937)
 1 Dec 1930 -  7 Dec 1931  Paul Charmillot               FDP  (b. 1865 - d. 1932)
 7 Dec 1931 -  5 Dec 1932  Jakob Sigrist                 CVP  (b. 1869 - d. 1935)
 5 Dec 1932 -  4 Dec 1933  Andreas Laely                 FDP  (b. 1864 - d. 1955)
 4 Dec 1933 -  3 Dec 1934  Antonio Riva                  CVP  (b. 1870 - d. 1942)
 3 Dec 1934 -  6 Dec 1935  Ernest Béguin                 FDP  (b. 1879 - d. 1966)
 6 Dec 1935 -  7 Dec 1936  Walter Amstalden              CVP  (b. 1883 - d. 1966)
 7 Dec 1936 -  6 Dec 1937  Edwin Hauser                  -    (b. 1864 - d. 1949)
 6 Dec 1937 -  5 Dec 1938  Bernard de Weck               CVP  (b. 1890 - d. 1950)
 5 Dec 1938 -  4 Dec 1939  Ernst Löpfe-Benz              FDP  (b. 1878 - d. 1970)
 4 Dec 1939 -  2 Dec 1940  Albert Zust                   CVP  (b. 1874 - d. 1952)
 2 Dec 1940 -  1 Dec 1941  Albert Malche                 FDP  (b. 1876 - d. 1956)
 1 Dec 1941 -  7 Dec 1942  Hans Fricker                  CVP  (b. 1879 - d. 1956)
 7 Dec 1942 -  6 Dec 1943  Norbert Bosset                FDP  (b. 1883 - d. 1969)
 6 Dec 1943 -  4 Dec 1944  Adolf Suter                   CVP  (b. 1882 - d. 1947)
 4 Dec 1944 -  3 Dec 1945  Paul Altwegg                  FDP  (b. 1884 - d. 1952)
 3 Dec 1945 -  2 Dec 1946  Joseph Piller                 CVP  (b. 1890 - d. 1954)
 2 Dec 1946 -  1 Dec 1947  Walter Ackermann              FDP  (b. 1890 - d. 1969)
 1 Dec 1947 -  6 Dec 1948  Alphons Iten                  CVP  (b. 1898 - d. 1964)
 6 Dec 1948 -  5 Dec 1949  Gustav Wenk                   SPS  (b. 1884 - d. 1956)
 5 Dec 1949 -  4 Dec 1950  Paul Haefelin                 FDP  (b. 1889 - d. 1972)
 4 Dec 1950 -  3 Dec 1951  Gotthard Egli                 CVP  (b. 1884 - d. 1979)
 3 Dec 1951 -  1 Dec 1952  Bixio Bossi                   FDP  (b. 1896 - d. 1990)
 1 Dec 1952 -  7 Dec 1953  Johann Schmuki                CVP  (b. 1890 - d. 1970)
 7 Dec 1953 -  6 Dec 1954  Jean-Louis Barrelet           FDP  (b. 1902 - d. 1976)
 6 Dec 1954 -  5 Dec 1955  Armin Locher                  CVP  (b. 1897 - d. 1967)
 5 Dec 1955 -  3 Dec 1956  Rudolf Weber                  SVP  (b. 1887 - d. 1972)
 3 Dec 1956 -  2 Dec 1957  Kurt Schoch                   FDP  (b. 1904 - d. 1980)
 2 Dec 1957 -  1 Dec 1958  Fritz Stähli                  CVP  (b. 1895 - d. 1961)
 1 Dec 1958 -  7 Dec 1959  Augustin Lusser               CVP  (b. 1896 - d. 1973)
 7 Dec 1959 -  5 Dec 1960  Gabriel Despland              FDP  (b. 1901 - d. 1983)
 5 Dec 1960 -  4 Dec 1961  Antonio Antognini             CVP  (b. 1893 - d. 1972)
 4 Dec 1961 -  3 Dec 1962  Ernst Vaterlaus               FDP  (b. 1891 - d. 1976)
 3 Dec 1962 -  2 Dec 1963  Frédéric Fauquex              LPS  (b. 1898 - d. 1976)
 2 Dec 1963 - 30 Nov 1964  Ludwig Danioth                CVP  (b. 1902 - d. 1996)
30 Nov 1964 - 29 Nov 1965  Jakob Müller                  FDP  (b. 1895 - d. 1967)
29 Nov 1965 - 28 Nov 1966  Dominik Auf der Maur          CVP  (b. 1896 - d. 1978)
28 Nov 1966 -  4 Dec 1967  Willi Rohner                  FDP  (b. 1907 - d. 1977)
 4 Dec 1967 -  2 Dec 1968  Emil Wipfli                   CVP  (b. 1900 - d. 1988)
 2 Dec 1968 - 24 Nov 1969  Christian Clavadetscher       FDP  (b. 1897 - d. 1980)
24 Nov 1969 - 30 Nov 1970  Paul Torche                   CVP  (b. 1912 - d. 1990)
30 Nov 1970 - 29 Jan 1971  Arno Theus                    SVP  (b. 1911 - d. 1999)
29 Jan 1971 - 27 Nov 1972  Ferruccio Bolla               FDP  (b. 1911 - d. 1984)
27 Nov 1972 - 26 Nov 1973  Marius Lampert                CVP  (b. 1902 - d. 1991)
26 Nov 1973 - 25 Nov 1974  Kurt Bächtold                 FDP  (b. 1918 - d. 2009)
25 Nov 1974 -  1 Dec 1975  Heinrich Oechslin             CVP  (b. 1913 - d. 1985)
 1 Dec 1975 - 29 Nov 1976  Willi Wenk                    SPS  (b. 1914 - d. 1994)
29 Nov 1976 - 28 Nov 1977  Hans Munz                     FDP  (b. 1916 - d. 2013)
28 Nov 1977 - 27 Nov 1978  Robert Reimann                CVP  (b. 1911 - d. 1987)
27 Nov 1978 - 26 Nov 1979  Ulrich Luder                  FDP  (b. 1919 - d. 1987)
26 Nov 1979 -  1 Dec 1980  Josef Ulrich                  CVP  (b. 1916 - d. 2007)
 1 Dec 1980 - 30 Nov 1981  Peter Hefti                   FDP  (b. 1922 - d. 2012)
30 Nov 1981 - 25 Apr 1982  Jost Dillier                  CVP  (b. 1921)
 7 Jun 1982 - 29 Nov 1982  Pierre Dreyer                 CVP  (b. 1924 - d. 2005)
29 Nov 1982 - 28 Nov 1983  Walter Weber                  SPS  (b. 1917 - d. 2008)
28 Nov 1983 - 26 Nov 1984  Édouard Debétaz               FDP  (b. 1917 - d. 1999)
26 Nov 1984 -  2 Dec 1985  Markus Kündig                 CVP  (b. 1931 - d. 2011)
 2 Dec 1985 -  1 Dec 1986  Peter Gerber                  SVP  (b. 1923 - d. 2012)
 1 Dec 1986 - 30 Nov 1987  Alois Dobler                  CVP  (b. 1929)
30 Nov 1987 - 28 Nov 1988  Franco Masoni                 FDP  (b. 1928)
28 Nov 1988 - 27 Nov 1989  Hubert Reymond                LPS  (b. 1938)
27 Nov 1989 - 26 Nov 1990  Luregn Mathias Cavelty        CVP  (b. 1935)
26 Nov 1990 -  8 Mar 1991  Max Affolter                  FDP  (b. 1923 - d. 1991)
18 Mar 1991 - 25 Nov 1991  Arthur Hänsenberger           FDP  (b. 1927 - d. 2014)
25 Nov 1991 - 30 Nov 1992  Josi Meier (f)                CVP  (b. 1926 - d. 2006)
30 Nov 1992 - 29 Nov 1993  Otto Piller                   SPS  (b. 1942)
29 Nov 1993 - 28 Nov 1994  Riccardo Jagmetti             FDP  (b. 1929)
28 Nov 1994 -  4 Dec 1995  Niklaus Küchler               CVP  (b. 1941)
 4 Dec 1995 - 25 Nov 1996  Otto Schoch                   FDP  (b. 1934 - d. 2013)
25 Nov 1996 -  1 Dec 1997  Édouard Delalay               CVP  (b. 1936)
 1 Dec 1997 - 30 Nov 1998  Ulrich Zimmerli               SVP  (b. 1942)
30 Nov 1998 -  6 Dec 1999  René Rhinow                   FDP  (b. 1942)
 6 Dec 1999 - 27 Nov 2000  Carlo Schmid-Sutter           CVP  (b. 1950)
27 Nov 2000 - 26 Nov 2001  Françoise Saudan (f)          FDP  (b. 1939)
26 Nov 2001 - 25 Nov 2002  Anton Cottier                 CVP  (b. 1943 - d. 2006)
25 Nov 2002 -  1 Dec 2003  Gian-Reto Plattner            SPS  (b. 1939 - d. 2009)
 1 Dec 2003 - 29 Nov 2004  Fritz Schiesser               FDP  (b. 1954)
29 Nov 2004 - 28 Nov 2005  Bruno Frick                   CVP  (b. 1953)
28 Nov 2005 -  4 Dec 2006  Rolf Büttiker                 FDP  (b. 1950)
 4 Dec 2006 -  3 Dec 2007  Peter Bieri                   CVP  (b. 1952)
 3 Dec 2007 -  1 Dec 2008  Christoffel Brändli           SVP;
                                               Jun 2008: -;
                                               Aug 2008: SVP  (b. 1943)
 1 Dec 2008 - 23 Nov 2009  Alain Berset                  SPS  (b. 1972)
23 Nov 2009 - 29 Nov 2010  Erika Forster-Vannini (f)     FDP  (b. 1944)
29 Nov 2010 -  5 Dec 2011  Hansheiri Inderkum            CVP  (b. 1947)
 5 Dec 2011 - 26 Nov 2012  Hans Altherr                  FDP  (b. 1950)
26 Nov 2012 - 25 Nov 2013  Filippo Lombardi              CVP  (b. 1956)
25 Nov 2013 - 24 Nov 2014  Hannes Germann                SVP  (b. 1956)
24 Nov 2014 - 30 Nov 2015  Claude Hêche                  SPS  (b. 1952)
30 Nov 2015 - 28 Nov 2016  Raphaël Comte                 FDP  (b. 1979)
28 Nov 2016 -              Ivo Bischofberger             CVP  (b. 1958)

Courts


Federal Tribunal

Presidents
       1848 -        1850  Johann Conrad Kern (1st time)      (b. 1808 - d. 1888)
       1851                Kasimir Pfyffer (1st time)         (b. 1794 - d. 1875)
       1852                Johann Conrad Kern (2nd time)      (s.a.)
       1853                Kasimir Pfyffer (2nd time)         (s.a.)
       1854                Johann Jakob Rüttimann             (b. 1813 - d. 1876)
       1854                Johann Jakob Trog                  (b. 1807 - d. 1867)
       1855                Eduard Eugen Blösch (1st time)     (b. 1807 - d. 1866)
       1856                Kasimir Pfyffer (3rd time)         (s.a.)
       1857                Jakob Dubs                         (b. 1822 - d. 1879)
       1858                Johann Jakob Blumer (1st time)     (b. 1819 - d. 1875)
       1859                Kasimir Pfyffer (4th time)         (s.a.)
       1860                Gottlieb Jäger                     (b. 1805 - d. 1891)
       1861                Kasimir Pfyffer (5th time)         (s.a.)
       1862                Arnold Otto Aepli                  (b. 1816 - d. 1897)
       1863                Eduard Eugen Blösch (2nd time)     (s.a.)
       1864                Joseph Wilhelm Viktor Vigier
                           (1st time)                         (b. 1823 - d. 1886)
       1865                Nicolaus Hermann                   (b. 1818 - d. 1888)
       1866                Eduard Häberlin                    (b. 1820 - d. 1884)
       1867                Victor Ruffy                       (b. 1823 - d. 1868)
       1868                Johann Jakob Blumer (2nd time)     (s.a.)
       1869                Édouard Carlin                     (b. 1817 - d. 1870)
       1870                Jost Weber                         (b. 1823 - d. 1889)
       1871                Johann Jakob Blumer (3rd time)     (s.a.)
       1872                Eugène Borel                       (b. 1835 - d. 1892)
       1873                Joseph Wilhelm Viktor Vigier
                           (2nd time)                         (s.a.)
       1874                Johann Jakob Blumer (4th time)     (s.a.)
       1876 -        1878  Jules Roguin (1st time)            (b. 1823 - d. 1908)
       1879 -        1880  Josef Karl Pankraz Morel           (b. 1825 - d. 1900)
       1881 -        1882  Johann Conrad Weber                (b. 1839 - d. 1918)
       1883 -        1884  Jules Roguin (2nd time)            (s.a.)
       1885 -        1886  Gaudenzio Olgiati                  (b. 1836 - d. 1892)
       1887 -        1888  Alois Kopp                         (b. 1827 - d. 1891)
       1889 -        1890  Heinrich Stamm                     (b. 1827 - d. 1905)
       1891 -        1892  Josef Bläsi                        (b. 1833 - d. 1903)
       1893 -        1894  Heinrich Hafner                    (b. 1838 - d. 1902)
       1895 -        1896  Jean Broye                         (b. 1828 - d. 1899)
       1897 -        1898  Charles-Henri Soldan               (b. 1855 - d. 1900)
       1899 -        1900  Emil Rott                          (b. 1852 - d. 1905)
       1901 -        1902  Johannes Winkler                   (b. 1845 - d. 1918)
       1903 -        1904  Jakob Huldreich Bachmann           (b. 1843 - d. 1915)
       1904                Agostino Soldati                   (b. 1857 - d. 1938)
       1905 -        1906  Frédéric Auguste Monnier           (b. 1847 - d. 1931)
       1907 -        1908  Carl Jäger                         (b. 1869 - d. 1947)
       1909 -        1910  Émile Perrier                      (b. 1848 - d. 1924)
       1911 -        1912  Viktor Merz                        (b. 1865 - d. 1940)
       1915 -        1916  Heinrich Honegger                  (b. 1862 - d. 1940)
       1918 -        1919  Albert Ursprung                    (b. 1862 - d. 1935)
       1919 -        1920  Ernest Picot                       (b. 1853 - d. 1921)
       1921 -        1922  Fritz Ostertag                     (b. 1868 - d. 1948)
       1923                Franz Schmid                       (b. 1841 - d. 1923)
       1924                Albert Affolter                    (b. 1856 - d. 1932)
       1925                Alfred Stooss                      (b. 1860 - d. 1925)
       1927 -        1928  Emil Kirchhofer                    (b. 1871 - d. 1944)
       1929 -        1930  Virgile Rossel                     (b. 1858 - d. 1933)
       1931 -        1932  Hans Müri                          (b. 1861 - d. 1944)
       1933 -        1934  Henri Thelin                       (b. 1867 - d. 1963)
       1935 -        1936  Arthur Couchepin                   (b. 1869 - d. 1941)
       1937                Robert Fazy (1st time)             (b. 1872 - d. 1956)
       1937 -        1938  Josef Jakob Strebel                (b. 1887 - d. 1965)
       1939 -        1940  Robert Fazy (2nd time)             (s.a.)
       1941 -        1942  Léon Robert                        (b. 1873 - d. 1944)
       1943 -        1944  Hans Steiner                       (b. 1884 - d. 1964)
       1945 -        1946  Plinio Bolla                       (b. 1896 - d. 1963)
       1947 -        1948  Georg Leuch                        (b. 1888 - d. 1959)
       1949 -        1950  Eugen Blocher                      (b. 1882 - d. 1964)
       1951 -        1952  Walter Nägeli                      (b. 1881 - d. 1965)
       1953 -        1954  Louis Python                       (b. 1893 - d. 1992)
       1955 -        1956  Robert Petitmermet                 (b. 1886 - d. 1976)
       1957 -        1958  Wilhelm Stauffer                   (b. 1893 - d. 1986)
       1959 -        1960  Carlo Pometta                      (b. 1896 - d. 1979)
       1961 -        1962  Wilhelm Schönenberger              (b. 1898 - d. 1985)
       1963 -        1964  Franz Fässler                      (b. 1899 - d. 1986)
       1965 -        1966  Fritz Häberlin                     (b. 1899 - d. 1970)
       1967 -        1968  André Panchaud                     (b. 1901 - d. 1976)
       1969 -        1970  Silvio Giovanoli                   (b. 1902 - d. 1981)
       1971 -        1972  Paul Schwartz                      (b. 1905 - d. 1977)
       1973 -        1974  Hans Tschopp                       (b. 1903 - d. 1990)
       1975 -        1976  Pierre Cavin                       (b. 1909 - d. 1992)
       1977 -        1978  André Grisel                       (b. 1911 - d. 1990)
       1979 -        1980  Harald Huber                       (b. 1912 - d. 1998)
       1981 -        1982  Rolando Forni                      (b. 1925)
       1983 -        1984  Otto Konstantin Kaufmann           (b. 1914 - d. 1999)
       1985 -        1986  Arthur Haefliger                   (b. 1919 - d. 2011)
       1987 -        1988  Erhard Schweri                     (b. 1922)
       1989 -        1990  Rolf Raschein                      (b. 1929 - d. 1994)
       1991 -        1992  Robert Patry                       (b. 1923)
       1993 -        1994  Jean-François Egli                 (b. 1928)
       1995 -        1996  Claude Rouiller                    (b. 1941)
       1997 -        1998  Peter Alexander Müller             (b. 1940)
       1999 -        2000  Martin Schubarth                   (b. 1942)
       2001 -        2002  Hans Peter Walter                  (b. 1944)
       2003 -        2004  Heinz Aemisegger                   (b. 1947)
       2005 -        2006  Giusep Nay                         (b. 1942)
       2007 - 31 Dec 2008  Arthur Aeschlimann                 (b. 1946)
 1 Jan 2009 - 31 Dec 2012  Lorenz Meyer                       (b. 1948)
 1 Jan 2013 -              Gilbert Kolly                      (b. 1951)

Political parties


Social Democratic Party of Switzerland

Presidents
       1888 -        1889  Alexander Reichel                  (b. 1853 - d. 1921)
       1890 -        1891  Albert Steck                       (b. 1843 - d. 1899)
       1892 -        1894  Eugen Wullschleger                 (b. 1862 - d. 1931)
       1894 -        1896  Wilhelm Fürholz                    (b. 1850 - d. 1919)
       1897                Karl Zgraggen                      (b. 1861 - d. 1929)
       1898                Paul Brandt                        (b. 1852 - d. 1910)
       1898 -        1901  Otto Lang                          (b. 1863 - d. 1936)
       1901 -        1902  Josef Albisser                     (b. 1868 - d. 1943)
       1902 -        1908  Gottfried Reimann                  (b. 1862 - d. 1909)
       1909 -        1910  Eduard Kessler                     (b. 1864 - d. 1926)
       1911                Johann Näher                       (b. 1854 - d. 1936)
       1912 -        1916  Fritz Studer                       (b. 1873 - d. 1945)
       1916 -        1917  Emil Klöti                         (b. 1877 - d. 1963)
       1918                Jakob Gschwend                     (b. 1882 - d. 1952)
       1919                Gustav Müller                      (b. 1860 - d. 1921)
       1919 -        1935  Ernst Reinhard                     (b. 1889 - d. 1947)
       1935 -        1952  Hans Oprecht                       (b. 1894 - d. 1978)
       1952 -        1962  Walter Bringolf                    (b. 1895 - d. 1981)
       1962 -        1970  Fritz Grütter                      (b. 1901 - d. 1984)
       1970 -        1974  Arthur Schmid                      (b. 1928)
       1975 -        1990  Helmut Hubacher                    (b. 1926)
       1990 - 28 Jun 1997  Peter Bodenmann                    (b. 1952)
28 Jun 1997 - 15 Oct 2000  Ursula Koch (f)                    (b. 1941)
15 Oct 2000 -  6 Mar 2004  Christiane Brunner (f)             (b. 1947)
 6 Mar 2004 -  1 Mar 2008  Hans-Jürg Fehr                     (b. 1948)
 1 Mar 2008 -              Christian Levrat                   (b. 1970)

Christian Democratic People's Party

Presidents
       1912 -        1917  Adalbert Wirz                      (b. 1848 - d. 1925)
       1917 -        1919  Eugène Deschenaux                  (b. 1874 - d. 1940)
       1920 -        1928  Joseph Räber                       (b. 1872 - d. 1934)
       1928 -        1932  Ernest Perrier                     (b. 1881 - d. 1958)
       1932 -        1934  Eduard Guntli                      (b. 1872 - d. 1933)
       1934 -        1935  Raymond Evéquoz                    (b. 1863 - d. 1945)
       1935 -        1940  Emil Nietlisbach                   (b. 1887 - d. 1962)
       1940 -        1946  Pierre Aeby                        (b. 1884 - d. 1957)
       1946 -        1950  Josef Escher                       (b. 1885 - d. 1954)
       1950 -        1955  Max Rohr                           (b. 1890 - d. 1980)
       1956 -        1959  Jean Bourgknecht                   (b. 1902 - d. 1964)
       1960 -        1968  Ettore Tenchio                     (b. 1915 - d. 2015)
       1968 -        1973  Franz-Josef Kurmann                (b. 1917 - d. 1988)
       1973 -        1984  Hans Wyer                          (b. 1927 - d. 2012)
       1984 -        1987  Flavio Cotti                       (b. 1939)
       1987 -        1992  Eva Segmüller (f)                  (b. 1932)
       1992 -        1994  Carlo Schmid-Sutter                (b. 1950)
       1994 - 18 Jan 1997  Anton Cottier                      (b. 1943 - d. 2006)
18 Jan 1997 - 12 May 2001  Adalbert Durrer                    (b. 1950 - d. 2008)
12 May 2001 - 22 Jan 2004  Philipp Stähelin                   (b. 1944)
22 Jan 2004 - 15 Jun 2006  Doris Leuthard (f)                 (b. 1963)
                           (acting to 18 Sep 2004)
15 Jun 2006 - 31 Jul 2006  Bruno Frick (acting)               (b. 1953)
 1 Aug 2006 -  2 Sep 2006  Dominique de Buman (acting)        (b. 1956)
 2 Sep 2006 - 23 Apr 2016  Christophe Darbellay               (b. 1971)
23 Apr 2016 -              Gerhard Pfister                    (b. 1962)

Liberal-Democratic Party

Presidents
       1894 -        1895  Christian Friedrich Göttisheim     (b. 1837 - d. 1896)
       1896                Eduard Brenner                     (b. 1856 - d. 1911)
       1897 -        1898  Johannes Stössel                   (b. 1837 - d. 1919)
       1898 -        1903  Johann D. Hirter                   (b. 1855 - d. 1926)
       1904 -        1906  Paul Scherrer                      (b. 1862 - d. 1935)
       1907 -        1910  Walter Bissegger                   (b. 1853 - d. 1915)
       1911 -        1912  Camille Decoppet                   (b. 1862 - d. 1925)
       1912 -        1913  Félix Bonjour                      (b. 1858 - d. 1942)
       1914 -        1918  Emil Lohner                        (b. 1865 - d. 1959)
       1919 -        1923  Robert Schöpfer                    (b. 1869 - d. 1941)
       1923 -        1929  Albert Meyer                       (b. 1870 - d. 1953)
       1929 -        1934  Hermann Schüpbach                  (b. 1877 - d. 1949)
       1934 -        1940  Ernest Béguin                      (b. 1879 - d. 1966)
       1940 -        1948  Max Wey                            (b. 1892 - d. 1953)
       1948 -        1954  Aleardo Pini                       (b. 1907 - d. 1958)
       1954 -        1960  Eugen Dietschi                     (b. 1896 - d. 1986)
       1960 -        1964  Nello Celio                        (b. 1914 - d. 1995)
       1964 -        1968  Pierre Glasson                     (b. 1907 - d. 1991)
       1968 -        1974  Henri Schmitt                      (b. 1926 - d. 1982)
       1974 -        1977  Fritz Honegger                     (b. 1917 - d. 1999)
       1978 -        1984  Yann Richter                       (b. 1928 - d. 2008)
       1984 -        1989  Bruno Hunziker                     (b. 1930 - d. 2000)
       1989 -  7 Apr 2001  Franz Steinegger                   (b. 1943)
 7 Apr 2001 - 11 Nov 2002  Gerold Bührer                      (b. 1948)
11 Nov 2002 - 16 Apr 2004  Christiane Langenberger (f)        (b. 1941)
                           (acting to 11 Jan 2003)
16 Apr 2004 -  5 Nov 2004  Rolf Schweiger                     (b. 1945)
 5 Nov 2004 -  5 Mar 2005  Marianne Kleiner (f) (acting)      (b. 1947)
 5 Mar 2005 - 21 Apr 2012  Fulvio Pelli                       (b. 1951)
21 Apr 2012 - 16 Apr 2016  Philipp Müller                     (b. 1952)
16 Apr 2016 -              Petra Gössi (f)                    (b. 1976)

Swiss People's Party

Presidents
       1937 -        1945  Rudolf Reichling                   (b. 1890 - d. 1977)
       1946 -        1952  Rudolf Weber                       (b. 1887 - d. 1972)
       1953 -        1956  Karl Renold                        (b. 1888 - d. 1959)
       1957 -        1965  Walter Siegenthaler                (b. 1904 - d. 1994)
       1965 -        1976  Hans Conzett                       (b. 1915 - d. 1996)
       1976 -        1984  Fritz Hofmann                      (b. 1924 - d. 2005)
       1984 - 23 Jan 1988  Adolf Ogi                          (b. 1942)
23 Jan 1988 - 27 Jan 1996  Hans Uhlmann                       (b. 1933)
27 Jan 1996 -  1 Mar 2008  Ueli Maurer                        (b. 1950)
 1 Mar 2008 - 23 Apr 2016  Toni Brunner                       (b. 1974)
23 Apr 2016 -              Albert Rösti                       (b. 1967)