Rulers: Indonesia

Traditional polities


Note: This account of the traditional polities is organized island (group) by island (group), moving from West to East. Many rulers have a "posthumous name" recording the place of their death or burial, beginning with "Marhum"; these names are recorded here only when the personal or throne name of the ruler is unavailable.

Sumatra

Minangkabau

        ...                Minangkabau realm founded in legendary antiquity
     c.1680                state splits up into Minangkabau, Sungai Tarap (no
                           records available), Suroasso, Pagar Ujong, and Awak Sungai

(1) Minangkabau
       1849                state extinguished by Netherlands colonial government

Ruler (title Daulat Yang Dipertuan Raja Alam)
        ... -        1849  Raja Cang Alam Muning Syah

(2) Suroasso
       1821                state extinguished by Netherlands colonial government

Ruler (title Daulat Yang Dipertuan Raja Alam)
        ... -        1821  Sultan Kerayahan Alam

(3) Pagar Ujong
       1834                state extinguished by Netherlands colonial government

Rulers (title Daulat Yang Dipertuan Raja Alam)
        ... -        1821  Sultan Alam Bagager
       1821 -        1834  Raja Yahsir Alam

(4) Awak Sungai
       1816                state extinguished by Netherlands colonial government

Sultan
       1789 -        1816  Khalifatullah Inayat Syah

Pinangawan successor states

       1630                Pinangawan state split into Bila, Sungai Taras, and Tasik

(1) Bila

Rajas
       1785 -        1800  Sultan Rakhmat Syah
       1800 -        1835  Sultan Bidar Alam II
       1835 -        1865  Sultan Bidar Alam III
       1865 -        1903  Sultan Bidar Alam IV
       1903 -         ...  Sultan Bidar Alam V

(2) Sungai Taras (Kampong Raja)

Rajas
       1775 -        1810  Marhum Asal (posthumous name)
       1810 -        1835  Marhum Mangkat di-Rantau Baru
                           (posthumous name)
       1835 -        1871  Sultan Muda I
       1871 -         ...  Sultan Muda II

(3) Tasik (Kota Pinang)

Rajas
       1795 -        1815  Sultan Bongsa II
       1815 -        1871  Sultan Mustafa
       1871 -        1905  Yang Dipertuan Sati
       1905 -         ...  Sulung Mustafa Yang Dupertuan
                           Mamur Perkasa Alam Syah

Aceh

    bf.1480                Aceh Sultanate founded
       1903                state extinguished by Netherlands colonial government

Sultans (full style Sultan Berdaulat Zillullah fil-Alam)
       1795 -        1815  Alaeddin Jauharul Alam Syah bin
                           Alaeddin Muhammad Syah (1st time)  (b. 17... - d. 1824)
       1815 -        1818  Saiyid Syarif Saiful Alam Syah
                           Jamalullail
       1818 -        1824  Alaeddin Jauharul Alam Syah bin
                           Alaeddin Muhammad Syah (2nd time)  (s.a.)
       1824 -        1838  Alaeddin Muhammad Syah bin
                           Alaeddin Jauharul Alam Syah
       1838 -        1857  Alaeddin Sulaiman Ali Iskandar Syah
       1857 -        1870  Alaeddin Mansur Syah bin Alaeddin
                           Jauharul Alam Syah
       1870 -        1874  Alaeddin Mahmud Syah bin Sulaiman
       1874 -        1903  Alaeddin Muhammad Daud Syah Jahan

Asahan

     c.1700                Asahan state founded

Sultans
       1765 -        1805  Dewa Syah bin Abdul Jalil          (b. ... - d. 1805)
       1805 -        1808  Musa bin Dewa Syah                 (b. ... - d. 1808)
       1808 -        1813  Ali bin Dewa Syah                  (b. ... - d. 1813)
       1813 - 10 Feb 1859  Husain Syah bin Ali                (b. 1806 - d. 1859)
10 Feb 1859 - 27 Sep 1865  Ahmad Syah bin Husain (1st time)   (b. 1830 - d. 1888)
                           (deposed by Dutch authorities, but continues to rule
                           in the interior)
29 Sep 1865 - 30 Nov 1867  Namalullah bin Muhammad Ishak
30 Nov 1867 - 25 Mar 1886  vacant
25 Mar 1886 - 27 Jun 1888  Ahmad Syah bin Husain (2nd time)   (s.a.)
27 Jun 1888 -  7 Jul 1915  Husain Syah bin Muhammad Adil      (b. 1862 - d. 1915)
 7 Jul 1915 -        1946  Su Saibun bin Abdul Jalil Rahmat
                           Syah                               (b. 1906 - d. 1980)

Bubasan

Rulers (title Kejuruan)
        ... -        1934  Bedul Raja Ucak Aman Daud
       1934 -         ...  Raja Ujam

Buket

Rulers (title Kejuruan)
        ... -        1925  Maun
       1925 -        19..  Muhammad Zainuddin

Deli

     c.1512                Aru state founded
       1539 -        1564  incorporated into Aceh
       160. -        1612  incorporated into Johor (see under Malaysian states)
       1612 -        1814  incorporated into Aceh
       1814                state independent and renamed Deli

Sultans
18 Mar 1814 - 18 Mar 1824  Amaluddin I Mangedar Alam Syah     (b. ... - d. 1824)
18 Mar 1824 - 22 Oct 1857  Otteman I Perkasa Alam Syah        (b. 1809 - d. 1857)
22 Oct 1857 - 24 Oct 1873  Amaluddin II Mahmud Perkasa Alam
                           Syah                               (b. 1831 - d. 1873)
24 Oct 1873 -  9 Sep 1924  Mamun al-Rasyid Perkasa Alam Syah  (b. 1853 - d. 1924)
11 Sep 1924 -  4 Oct 1945  Amaluddin III Perkasa Alam Syah    (b. 1877 - d. 1945)
 4 Oct 1945 -  5 Jun 1967  Otteman II Perkasa Alam Syah       (b. 1900 - d. 1967)
 5 Jun 1967 -  4 May 1998  Azmi Perkasa Alam Syah             (b. 1936 - d. 1998)
 4 May 1998 - 21 Jul 2005  Otteman III Mahmud Ma'amun Padrap
                           Perkasa Alam Syah                  (b. 1966 - d. 2005)
21 Jul 2005 -              Mahmud Arfa Lamanjiji Perkasa
                           Alam Syah                          (b. 1997)

Indragiri

     c.1700                Indragiri state founded

Rulers (title Sutan)
        ... -         ...  Raja Kecik Besar
        ... -         ...  Ibrahim
        ... -         ...  Alan
        ... -        1876  Said
       1876 -        1883  Husain
       1885 -        1902  Aisya (f)
       1902 -         ...  Mahmud

Jambi

       1460                Jambi state founded
       1899 -        190.  state suppressed by Netherlands colonial government

Rulers
       1790 -        1812  Masud Badruddin bin Ahmad Sultan
                           Ratu Seri Ingalaga
       1812 -        1833  Mahmud Muhieddin bin Ahmad Sultan
                           Agung Seri Ingalaga
       1833 -        1841  Muhammad Fakhruddin bin Mahmud
                           Sultan Keramat
       1841 -        1855  Abdul Rahman Nazaruddin bin Mahmud
       1855 -        1858  Taha Safiuddin bin Muhammad (1st time)
       1858 -        1881  Ahmad Nazaruddin bin Mahmud
       1881 -        1885  Muhammad Muhieddin bin Abdul Rahman
       1885 -        1899  Ahmad Zainul Abidin bin Muhammad
       190. -        1904  Taha Safiuddin bin Muhammad (2nd time)
       1904 -        1906  Winto

Kluet

Rulers (title Kejuruan)
      *1828*               Datuk Ambon
        ... -        1911  Aman Syah
       1911 -        1924  Raja Momin
       1924 -         ...  Marah Adam

Kualu

Rulers
       1868 -        1882  Namalullah bin Muhammad Ishak
       1882 -        1883  ...
       1883 -         ...  Tunku Biong Muhammad Syah bin Namalullah

Langkat

Rajas (from 1887, sultans)
       17.. -        17..  Badi uz-Zaman
       17.. -        1818  Kejuruan Tuwa Hitam                (b. ... - d. 1822)
       1818 -        1840  Raja Amat                          (b. c.1807 - d. 1840)
       1840 -        1893  Tunku Ngah                         (b. 1807 - d. 1897)
       1893 -  1 Jul 1927  Abdul Aziz Abdul Jalil Rahmat Syah (b. 1875 - d. 1927)
 1 Jul 1927 - 23 Apr 1948  Mahmud                             (b. 1893 - d. 1948)
27 Oct 2002 - 21 May 2003  Iskandar Hilali Abdul Jalil Rahmat
                           Syah                               (b. 1952 - d. 2003)
21 May 2003 -              Azwar Abdul Jalil Rahmat Syah      (b. 1951)

Linggu

Rulers (title Kejuruan)
        ... -        1919  Aman Cahjamani
       1919 -         ...  Sasa Aman Talib

Palalawan

       1811                Palalawan state founded

Rajas
- Banu Syuhab dynasty -
       1811 -        1821  Abdul Rahman bin Uthman
       1821 -        1828  Hasyim bin Abdul Rahman
       1828 -        1844  Ismail bin Abdul Rahman
       1844 -        1866  Hamid bin Abdul Rahman
       1866 -        1874  Jafar bin Abdul Rahman
       1874 -        1894  Abubakar bin Abdul Rahman
       1894 -         ...  Tunku Besar Said Hasyim bin
                           Abubakar bin Syahabuddin

Palembang

       1454                Palembang Darussalam state founded

Emperors (susuhunan) or sultans
       1798 -        1812  Mahmud Badruddin II bin Muhammad
                           (1st time) (susuhunan)
       1812 -        1813  Ahmad Najmuddin II bin Muhammad
                           (1st time) (sultan)
       1813                Mahmud Badruddin II bin Muhammad
                           (2nd time) (susuhunan)
       1813 -        1818  Ahmad Najmuddin II bin Muhammad
                           (2nd time) (sultan)
       1818 -        1821  Mahmud Badruddin II bin Muhammad
                           (3rd time) (susuhunan)
       1821 - 18 Aug 1825  Ahmad Najmuddin III bin Ahmad
                           (sultan)
 4 Mar 2003 -              Mahmud Badruddin III (sultan)

Panei

       1700                Panei state founded

Rulers (title Sutan Gagar Alam)
       1790 -        1813  Raja Sati
       1813 -        1856  Raja Badiri Sutan Mengedar Alam
       1856 -        1880  Sutan Gagar Alam
       1880 -        1907  Sutan Mengedar Alam Syah
       1907                Tengku Sulung Syahmara
       1907 -         ...  Sutan Gagar Alam Rahmatullah

Serdang

Sultans
       1728 -        1782  Umar Johan Pahlawan Alam Shah      (b. 1703 - d. 1782)
       1782 -        1822  Ainan Johan Pahlawan Alam Shah     (b. 1767 - d. 1822)
       1822 -        1851  Thaf Sinar Bashar Shah             (b. 1790 - d. 1851)
       1851 - 20 Dec 1879  Muhammad Basharuddin Saiful Alam
                           Shah                               (b. 1809 - d. 1879)
20 Dec 1879 - 13 Oct 1946  Sulaiman Shariful Alam Shah        (b. 1862 - d. 1946)
 5 Jan 1997 - 28 Jan 2001  Abu Nawar Sharifullah Alam Shah    (b. 1932 - d. 2001)
28 Jan 2001 - 13 Jan 2011  Lukman Sinar Bashar Shah II        (b. 1933 - d. 2011)

Siah Utama

Rulers (title Kejuruan)
        ... -        1912  Aman Jelekah Siah Utama
       1912 -        1919  Bital Pasi (regent)
       1919 -        19..  Banta Cut (regent to 1934)

Siak Seri Indrapura

     c.1680                Siak state founded

Sultans
- Johor dynasty -
       1723 -        1740  Abdul Jalil Rahmat Shah            (b. c.1700 - d. 1746)
       1740 - 23 Nov 1760  Mahmud Abdul Jalil Jalaluddin Shah (b. 1723 - d. 1760)
23 Nov 1760 - 16 Jan 1761  Ismail Abdul Jalil Jalaluddin Shah
                           (1st time)                         (b. ... - d. 1781)
16 Jan 1761 -        1766  Abdul Jalil Alamuddin Riayat Shah  (b. c.1712 - d. 1779)
       1766 - 19 Aug 1779  Muhammad Ali Abdul Jalil Muazzam
                           Shah                               (b. ... - d. bf.1791)
19 Aug 1779 - 31 Jul 1781  Ismail Abdul Jalil Jalaluddin Shah
                           (2nd time)                         (s.a.)
31 Jul 1781 -    Feb 1797  Yahya Abdul Jalil Muzaffar Shah    (b. 1760 - d. af.1804)
- Banu Syihab dynasty -
   Feb 1797 -        1811  Saiyid Ali bin Uthman Abdul
                           Jalil Saifuddin                    (b. 17... - d. 1821)
       1811 -        1827  Ibrahim bin Saiyid Ali Abdul
                           Jalil Khaliluddin
       1827 -        1864  Ismail bin Muhammad Abdul Jalil
                           Saiful Alam                        (b. c.1819 - d. 1864)
       1864 -        1889  Syarif Kasim I bin Muhammad Abdul
                           Jalil Saifuddin                    (b. ... - d. 1889)
       1889 -    Apr 1908  Yang Dipertuan Besar Syarif Hasyim
                           Abdul Jalil Saifuddin              (b. ... - d. 1908)
   Apr 1908 -        1946  Yang Dipertuan Besar Syarif Kasim
                           II Abdul Jalil Saifuddin           (b. 1892 - d. 1968)

Tarumon

Rulers
        ... -         ...  Bujang I
        ... -        1817  Lebei Dapha Tunku Singkil
       1817 -        1833  Bujang II
       1833 -        1884  Seri Muda Paduka Alam Sultan Mansur
                           Muda bin Bujang
       1884 -        1893  Sultan Iskandar Muda bin Sultan
                           Mansur Muda
       1893 -        1910  Biju Muda Nasiruddin
       1910 -        1927  Leh
       1927 -         ...  Husain

Riau Archipelago

Lingga-Riau

       1819                the sultan of Johor-Riau (see Johor under Malaysian states)
                           is expelled from Johor; Riau secedes
 3 Feb 1911                state extinguished by Netherlands colonial government

Sultans
       1819 -  9 Aug 1832  Sultan Abdul Rahman Muadzam Syah
                           ibni al-Marhum Sultan Mahmud
                           Riayat Syah                        (b. 1780 - d. 1832)
 9 Aug 1832 -        1835  Sultan Muhammad Syah ibni
                           al-Marhum Sultan Abdul Rahman
                           Muadzam Syah                       (b. 1803 - d. 1841)
                           (continues as regent for the following to 20 Jul 1841)
       1835 -  7 Oct 1857  Sultan Mahmud Mudzafar Syah ibni
                           al-Marhum Sultan Muhammad Syah     (b. 1823 - d. 1864)
 7 Oct 1857 - 17 Sep 1883  Sultan Sulaiman Badarul Alam Syah
                           ibni al-Marhum Sultan Abdul Rahman
                           Muadzam Syah                       (b. ... - d. 1883)
       1883 -  3 Feb 1911  Sultan Abdul Rahman Muadzam Syah
                           bin Muhammad Yusuf                 (b. 1851 - d. 1930)

Java

Banten

       1333                Pajajaran state founded
       1552                Pajajaran replaced by Banten
       1832                royalty suspended by Netherlands colonial government
        ...                nominal royalty reinstituted

Sultans
       1777 -        1802  Abul Mufakhir Muhammad Alaeddin bin
                           Abul Nasr Muhammad Arif Zainul Asyikin
       1802 -        1805  Abul Fath Muhammad Muhieddin Zainul
                           Salihin bin Abul Nasr Muhammad Arif
                           Zainul Asyikin
       1805 -        1808  Abul Nasr Muhammad Ishak Zainul Muttakin
                           bin Abul Mufakhir Muhammad Alaeddin
       1808 -        1810  Abul Mufakhir Muhammad Alaeddin
                           bin Abul Mufakhir Muhammad Alaeddin
       1810 -        1811  Muhammad Safiuddin bin Abul Fath
                           Muhammad Muhieddin Zainul Salihin
                           (1st time)
       1811 -        1813  Ahmad bin Muhammad
       1813 -        1816  Muhammad Muhieddin bin Abul
                           Mufakhir Muhammad Alaeddin
       1816 -        1832  Muhammad Safiuddin bin Abul Fath
                           Muhammad Muhieddin Zainul Salihin
                           (2nd time)
      *1947*               Abul Mufakhir Muhammad Haruningrat

Cirebon

       1478                Cirebon state founded
       1662                from this date Cirebon is ruled from four kraton
                           (palaces), the four lines being recorded separately below
       1819                royalty suspended by Netherlands colonial government
        ...                nominal royalty reinstated

(1) Kraton Kasepuhan

Sultans
        ... -         ...  Hasanuddin Sultan Sepuh VI
        ... -         ...  Djoharudin Sultan Sepuh VII
        ... -         ...  Radja Udaka Sultan Sepuh VIII
       1791 -        1819  Radja Sulaeman Sultan Sepuh IX
        ... -         ...  Radja Atmadja Sultan Sepuh X
        ... -         ...  Radja Aluda Tajul Arifin Sultan
                           Sepuh XI
        ... -         ...  Radja Radjaningrat Sultan Sepuh
                           XII
       1969 - 30 Apr 2010  Radja Maulana Pakuningrat Sultan
                           Sepuh XIII                         (b. 1937 - d. 2010)
       2010 -              Radja Adipati Arief Natadiningrat
                           Sultan Sepuh XIV                   (b. 1965)

(2) Kraton Kanoman

Sultans
       1798 -        1819  Sultan Anom VI bin Muhammad
                           Khairuddin
        ... -        198.  Sultan Anom Muhammad Nurus
        ... -        2002  Haji Muhammad Djalaluddin          (b. ... - d. 2002)
       2003                Muhammad Saladin
                           (disputed with following)
       2003 -              Raja Muhammad Emiruddin

(3) Kraton Kaprabonan

Rulers (title Panembahan)
       1733 -        1773  Panembahan Cirebon V Muhammad Tair
                           Jariri Sabririn Tajul Arifin bin
                           Muhammad Akbaruddin
       1773 -              ...

(4) Kraton Kacirebonan

Sultans
       1768 -        1808  vacant
       1808 -        1810  Sultan Cirebon IV bin Sultan Sepuh VIII
       1810 -        1819  vacant
      *1960*               Sultan Harkat Natadiningrat
       1968 -        1994  Sultan Amir Natadiningrat
       1997 -              Sultan Abdul Gani Natadiningrat

Mataram and successor states

13 Feb 1755                Mataram empire divided between Surakarta (the titular
                           status successor) and Yogyakarta
17 Mar 1757                the dynastic Mangku Negaran microstate is established
                           as a sovereign enclave in Surakarta
22 Jun 1812                the dynastic Paku Alaman microstate is established as a
                           sovereign enclave in Yogyakarta
       1946                Mangku Negaran is declared to be "abolished" (but continues)

(1) Mataram and, from 1755, Surakarta "empire" (Kasunanan Surakarta Adiningrat)

Emperors (title Susuhanan)╣
   Jun 1677 -  3 Nov 1703  Amangku Rat II                     (b. 1639/42 - d. 1703)
 3 Nov 1703 - 24 Aug 1708  Amangku Rat III                    (b. ... - d. bf.1734)
                           (from 1704 in eastern provinces only)
19 Jun 1704 - 22 Feb 1719  Paku Buwono I                      (b. c.1648 - d. 1719)
22 Feb 1719 - 20 Apr 1726  Amangku Rat IV                     (b. c.1680 - d. 1726)
20 Apr 1726 - 30 Jun 1742  Paku Buwono II (1st time)          (b. 1711 - d. 1749)
30 Jun 1742 - 24 Dec 1742  Amangku Rat V                      (b. 1732 - d. ...)
24 Dec 1742 - 11 Dec 1749  Paku Buwono II (2nd time)          (s.a.)
11 Dec 1749 - 26 Sep 1788  Paku Buwono III                    (b. 1732 - d. 1788)
26 Sep 1788 -  1 Oct 1820  Paku Buwono IV                     (b. 1768 - d. 1820)
 1 Oct 1820 -  5 Sep 1823  Paku Buwono V                      (b. 1784 - d. 1823)
 5 Sep 1823 - 14 Jun 1830  Paku Buwono VI                     (b. 1807 - d. 1849)
14 Jun 1830 - 10 May 1858  Paku Buwono VII                    (b. 1796 - d. 1858)
10 May 1858 - 28 Dec 1861  Paku Buwono VIII                   (b. 1789 - d. 1861)
30 Dec 1861 - 17 Mar 1893  Paku Buwono IX                     (b. 1830 - d. 1893)
17 Mar 1893 - 20 Feb 1939  Paku Buwono X                      (b. 1866 - d. 1939)
20 Feb 1939 -  1 Jun 1945  Paku Buwono XI                     (b. 1886 - d. 1945)
 1 Jun 1945 - 11 Jun 2004  Paku Buwono XII                    (b. 1925 - d. 2004)
10 Sep 2004 -              Paku Buwono XIII                   (b. 1948)
       2004 -                Paku Buwono XIII (in opposition) (b. 1954)
The full style is Ingkang Sinuhun Kangjeng Susuhanan Paku Buwono Senapati Ingalaga Ngabdurahman Sayidin Panatagama, and the words from Paku Buwono on constitute each ruler's throne name, here abbreviated to Paku Buwono.
(2) Yogyakarta (Kasultanan Ngayogyakarta Adiningrat)

Sultans╣
13 Feb 1755 - 24 Mar 1792  Hamengku Buwono I                  (b. 1717 - d. 1792)
 2 Apr 1792 - 20 Jun 1812  Hamengku Buwono II (1st time)      (b. 1750 - d. 1828)
28 Jun 1812 -  3 Nov 1814  Hamengku Buwono III                (b. 1769 - d. 1814)
 9 Nov 1814 -  6 Dec 1823  Hamengku Buwono IV                 (b. 1804 - d. 1823)
19 Dec 1823 - 17 Aug 1826  Hamengku Buwono V (1st time)       (b. 1820 - d. 1855)
15 Aug 1825 -    Mar 1830    Dipa Negara (in rebellion)       (b. 1785 - d. 1855)
17 Aug 1826 -  2 Jan 1828  Hamengku Buwono II (2nd time)      (s.a.)
17 Jan 1828 -  5 Jun 1855  Hamengku Buwono V (2nd time)       (s.a.)
 5 Jul 1855 - 20 Jul 1877  Hamengku Buwono VI                 (b. 1821 - d. 1877)
22 Dec 1877 - 29 Jan 1921  Hamengku Buwono VII                (b. 1839 - d. 1921)
 8 Feb 1921 - 22 Oct 1939  Hamengku Buwono VIII               (b. 1880 - d. 1939)
18 Mar 1940 -  2 Oct 1988  Hamengku Buwono IX                 (b. 1912 - d. 1988)
 7 Mar 1989 -              Hamengku Buwono X                  (b. 1946)
The full style is Kanjeng Sultan Hamengku Buwono Senapati Ingalaga Ngabdurahman Sayidin Panatagama Kalipatulah, and the words from Hamengku Buwono on constitute each ruler's throne name, here abbreviated to Hamengku Buwono.
(2-1) Kaliwabang
       1831                Kaliwabang in secession from Yogyakarta
       1853                reincorporated into Yogyakarta

Ruler (title Pangeran)
       1831 -        1853  Pangeran Adipati Nata Praya        (b. ... - d. 1853)

(2-2) Nangulan
       1831                Nangulan in secession from Yogyakarta
       1833                under direct Netherlands colonial rule
       1853                reincorporated into Yogyakarta

Ruler (title Pangeran)
       1831 -        1833  Pangeran Prabu Adiningrat

(3) Mangku Negaran

Rulers╣
24 Feb 1757 - 28 Dec 1795  Mangku Negara I                    (b. 1726 - d. 1795)
28 Dec 1795 - 26 Jan 1835  Mangku Negara II (30 Oct 1821)     (b. 1768 - d. 1835)
26 Jan 1835 -  6 Jan 1853  Mangku Negara III (1 Sep 1842)     (b. 1803 - d. 1853)
25 Mar 1853 -  2 Sep 1881  Mangku Negara IV (16 Aug 1857)     (b. 1811 - d. 1881)
 2 Sep 1881 -  2 Oct 1896  Mangku Negara V (24 Jan 1894)      (b. 1855 - d. 1896)
 2 Oct 1896 - 11 Jan 1916  Mangku Negara VI (4 Nov 1896)      (b. 1857 - d. 1928)
11 Jan 1916 - 19 Jul 1944  Mangku Negara VII (23 Jul 1924)    (b. 1885 - d. 1944)
19 Jul 1944 -  3 Sep 1987  Mangku Negara VIII (30 Mar 1945)   (b. 1920 - d. 1987)
 3 Sep 1987 -              Mangku Negara IX                   (b. 1951)
Most rulers begin their rule with the style Pangeran Adipati Aria Prabhu Prangwadana, adopting the style Kanjeng Gusti Pangeran Adipati Aria Mangku Negara Senapati Ingayuda at an auspicious time. They are here listed with the abbreviated throne name Mangku Negara, followed, if appropriate, by the date on which this style is adopted.
(4) Paku Alaman

Rulers╣
22 Jun 1812 -  4 Oct 1829  Paku Alam I                        (b. 1764 - d. 1829)
 4 Oct 1829 - 23 Jul 1858  Paku Alam II                       (b. 1786 - d. 1858)
23 Jul 1858 - 17 Oct 1864  Paku Alam III                      (b. 1827 - d. 1864)
17 Oct 1864 - 24 Sep 1878  Paku Alam IV                       (b. 1841 - d. 1878)
24 Sep 1878 -  6 Nov 1900  Paku Alam V                        (b. 1833 - d. 1900)
26 Nov 1900 -  9 Jun 1902  Paku Alam VI                       (b. 1856 - d. 1902)
 8 Jul 1902 - 16 Feb 1937  Paku Alam VII                      (b. 1882 - d. 1937)
16 Feb 1937 - 11 Sep 1998  Paku Alam VIII                     (b. 1910 - d. 1998)
11 Sep 1998 -              Paku Alam IX                       (b. 1938)
The full style is Kanjeng Gusti Pangeran Adipati Aria Paku Alam, the last two words constituting each ruler's throne name.

Bandung

       1678                Bandung state founded

Rulers (title Pangeran)
       1794 -        1829  Adipati Wiranatakusuma II
       1829 -        1846  Adipati Wiranatakusuma III
       1846 -        1874  Adipati Wiranatakusuma IV
       1874 -        1893  Adipati Kusumadilaga
       1893 -        1920  Adipati Aria Martanagara
       1920 -        1931  Adipati Aria Wiranatakusuma V
                           (1st time)
       1931 -        1935  T. Hasan Sumadipradja
       1935 -        1945  Adipati Aria Wiranatakusuma V
                           (2nd time)
       1945 -        1947  T.E. Suriaputra
       1948 -        1956  T.M. Wiranatakusuma VI
       1956 -        1957  Apandi Wiradiputra

Cianjur

     c.1640                Cianjur state founded

Rulers (title Pangeran)
     c.1640 -        1686  Aria Wiratanu I
       1686 -        1707  Aria Wiratanu II
       1707 -        1727  Aria Wiratanu III
       1727 -        1761  Adipati Wiratanudatar IV
       1761 -        1776  Adipati Wiratanudatar V
       1776 -        1813  Adipati Wiratanudatar VI
       1813 -        1833  Adipati Prawiradiredja I
       1833 -        1834  Tumenggung Wiranagara
       1834 -        1862  Aria Adipati Kusumahningrat
       1862 - 27 Mar 1910  Aria Adipati Prawiradiredja II
       1910 -        1912  Demang Natakusumah (regent)
       1912 -        1920  Aria Adipati Wiranatakusumah
       1920 -        1932  A. Suriadiningrat
       1932 -        1934  Sunarya (regent)
       1934 -        1943  Surianataatmadja
       1943 -        1945  Adiwikarta

Limbangan

     c.1660                Limbangan state founded

Rulers (title Pangeran)
       1799 -        1805  Wangsadiraja II (2nd time)
       1805 -        1813  Wangsaraja III
       1813 -        18..  Adiwijaya
       18.. -        1836  Kusumadinata
       1836 -        1871  Jayaningrat
       1871 -        1915  Aria Wiratanudatar
       1915 -        1925  Rangga Suriakartelegawa

Semarang

       1682                Semarang state founded
       1809                state extinguished?

Rulers (title Pangeran)
       1777 -        1791  Sura Adimenggala IV
       1791 -        1809  Sura Adimenggala V

Sukapura

       1641                Sukapura state founded

Rulers (title Pangeran)
       1765 -        1807  Jayamenggala
       1807 -        1813  Demang Anggadipa
       1813 -        1814  Surialaga
       1814 -        1828  Wiradedaha VI
       1828 -        1835  Wiratanubaya I
       1835 -        1854  Wiratanubaya II
       1854 -        1874  Adipati Wiradedaha VII
       1874 -        1906  Wirahadiningrat
       1906 -        1908  Aria Prawiradiningrat
       1908 -        1925  Wiratanudiningrat

Sumedang

     c.1650                Sumedang state founded

Rulers (title Pangeran)
       1789 -        1828  Surianegara II
       1828 -        1836  Adipati Kusumayuda
       1836 -        1882  Suria Kusumadinata V
       1882 -        1919  Aria Suria Atmaja
       1919 -        1925  Kusumadilaga

Madura

Bangkalan

     c.1520                Bangkalan state founded
       1882                state extinguished by Netherlands colonial government

Ruler (title Panembahan)
       1779 -        1808  Cakra Adiningrat VII
Sultans
       1808 -        1815  Cakra Adiningrat VII
       1815 -        1847  Cakra Adiningrat VIII
Rulers (title Panembahan)
       1847 -        1862  Cakra Adiningrat IX
       1862 -        1882  Cakra Adiningrat X

Sumenep

     c.1400                Sumenep or Purwareja state founded
       1879                state extinguished by Netherlands colonial government

Ruler (title Pangeran)
       1767 -        1812  Tirta Negara II Natakusuma I
Ruler (title Panembahan)
       1812 -        1825  Adipati Natakusuma II
Sultan
       1825 -        1854  Adipati Natakusuma II Paku Nataningrat
Ruler (title Panembahan)
       1854 -        1879  Natakusuma III

Pamekasan

       1853                state extinguished by Netherlands colonial government

Sultans
        ... -        1842  Mangku Adiningrat
       1842 -        1853  Adiningrat

Bali

Klungkung

       1352                on breakup of all-Bali state, primacy of status continues
                           at Samprangan, later at Gelgel, and from 1686 at
                           Klungkung, with the distinctive style Dewa Agung
       1849 -        1904  ruler styled Susuhunan ("emperor") of Bali and Lombok
                           by Netherlands colonial government
       1904 -        1906  ruler styled Susuhunan Klungkung by colonial government
       1908                state extinguished by colonial government
       1929                ruling line nominally restored

Rulers (title Dewa Agung)
        ... -        1815? Dewa Agung Sakti
        ... -         ...    Dewa Agung Pa˝ji
                             (probably regent for incapacitated Dewa Agung Sakti)
        ... -        1809    Dewa Agung Putra I
                             (ditto)
       1815 -        1856* Dewa Agung Isteri Kania (f)
                           (jointly with the following two)
       1815 -        1851  Dewa Agung Gede Putra II
       1851 -        1903  Dewa Agung Putra III
       1903 -        1908  Dewa Agung Jambe II
25 Jul 1929 -        1964  Dewa Agung Oka Geg

Badung

     c.1600                Badung or Pinatih state founded, later called Pamecutan
     c.1800                state split into Pamecutan, Badung (Den Pasar),
                           and Kesiman
20 Sep 1906                state extinguished by Netherlands colonial power
       1929                ruling line nominally restored

(1) Pamecutan

Rulers (title Cokorda)
       18.. -        18..  Ngurah Gede Pamecutan II
       18.. -        1830  Ngurah Gede Pamecutan III
       1830 -        184.  Anak Agung Lanang
       184. -        1851  Ngurah Gede Pamecutan IV
       1851 -         ...  Ngurah Gede Pamecutan V

(2) Badung (Den Pasar)

Rulers (title Cokorda)
       1808 -        1810  Gusti Ngurah Made Pamecutan I
       1810 -        1813  ...
       1813 -        1817  Gusti Gede Pamecutan
       1817 -        18..  Gusti Ngurah Made Pamecutan II
       18.. -        1829  ...
       1829 -        184.  Ngurah Gede Hoka
       184. -        1861  Ngurah Made Pamecutan III
       1861 -         ...  Alit Gede Ngurah Pamecutan
        ... - 20 Sep 1906  Anak Agung Made
       1929 -        19..  ...
       19.. -        1986  Ngurah Pamecutan

(3) Kesiman

Rulers (title Cokorda)
       1813 -        1863  Gusti Ngurah Kesiman

Bangli

       1805                Bangli state re-founded
       1908                state ceded to Netherlands with ruler remaining as regent
       1929                ruling line nominally restored

Rulers (title Anak Agung)
       1805 -        1810  Dewa Rahi
       1810 -        1815  Dewa Gede Tangkaban I
       1815 -        1833  Dewa Gede Tangkaban II
       1833 -        1875  Dewa Gede Putu Tangkaban III
       1875 -        1880  Dewa Gede Tangkaban IV
       1880 -         ...  Dewa Gede Tangkaban V

Buleleng

       1660                Buleleng state founded
       1873                state extinguished
       1929                ruling line nominally restored

Rulers (title Anak Agung)
- Karang Asem dynasty -
       1698 -        1732  Anglurah Panji Gede                (b. 16... - d. 1732)
       1732 -      c.1760  Ngurah Panji Bali                  (b. ... - d. c.1760)
     c.1760 -        17..  Ngurah Panji
       17.. -      c.1780  Ngurah Jelantik                    (b. ... - d. c.1780)
     c.1780 -        1793  Ngurah Made Jelantik               (b. ... - d. c.1803)
       1793 -        1804  Gusti Nengah Bungkal
       1804 -        1806  Gusti Nyoman Karang
       1806 -        1818  Gusti Gede Wayan Karang Asem       (b. ... - d. 1818)
       1818 -        1823  Dewa Gusti Gede Ngurah Pahang      (b. 1800 - d. 1823)
       1823 -        1825  Gusti Gede Made Sori
       1825 - 22 May 1849  Gusti Ngurah Made Karang Asem      (b. ... - d. 1849)
- Sangket dynasty -
       1849 -        1850  Dewa Made Rai                      (b. ... - d. 1906)
- Bangli dynasty -
       1850 -        1851  Dewa Gede Putu Tangkaban
- Sangket dynasty -
       1851 -        1854  Gusti Made Jelantik (regent)
       1854 -    Feb 1873  Gusti Ketut Jelantik               (b. ... - d. 1893)
18 Jul 1929 - 25 Jul 1944  Gusti Putu Jelantik                (b. 1880 - d. 1944)
                           (regent to 30 Jun 1938)
25 Jul 1944 -        1947  I Gusti Nyoman Panji Tisna
                           (1st time)                         (b. 1908 - d. 1978)
       1947 -        1950  Panji Sakti II                     (b. ... - d. 1970)
       1950 -  2 Jun 1978  I Gusti Nyoman Panji Tisna
                           (2nd time)                         (s.a.)

Gianyar

       1710                Gianyar state succeeds Beng state
       1885 -        1893  occupied by Klungkung

Rulers (title Dewa Manggis)
        ... -        1820  Dewa Manggis V
       1820 -        1839  Dewa Pahang I
       1839 -        1847  Dewa Manggis VI
       1847 -        1856  Dewa Pahang II
       1856 -        1885  Dewa Manggis VII
       1893 -        1896  Dewa Ngurah Pahang III
       1896 -        1912  Dewa Gede Raka (from 1908,
                           Dewa Manggis VIII)
Rulers (title Anak Agung)
       1912 -        1943  Raja Ide Anak Agung Ngurah Agung
                           (1st time)
       1943 -        1945  Raja Ide Anak Agung Gde Agung
                           (1st time)                         (b. 1921 - d. 1999)
       1945 -        1960  Raja Ide Anak Agung Ngurah Agung
                           (2nd time)
       1960 - 22 Apr 1999  Raja Ide Anak Agung Gde Agung
                           (2nd time)                         (s.a.)
       1999 -              Anak Agung Gde Agung

Jembrana

       1849                Jembrana state founded

Rajas
       1849 -        1855  Gusti Alit Gentok (regent)
       1855 -        18..  Gusti Ngurah Made Pasekan (regent)
       18.. -        1866  Made Rahi (regent)
       1866 -        1882  vacant
       1882 -         ...  ...

Karang Asem

     c.1700                Karang Asem state founded
24 May 1849 -        1893  occupied by Lombok

Rajas
      *1730*               Wayahan Karang Asem
     c.1740 -    May 1775  Made Karang Asem                   (b. ... - d. 1775)
   Jul 1775 -        1806  Gusti Gede Ngurah Karang Asem      (b. ... - d. 1806)
       1806 -        1823  Gusti Canang, Gusti Gede Ngurah
                           Agung Lanang Paguyangan (1st time) (b. ... - d. 1837)
       1823                Dewa Gusti Gede Pahang
       1823 -        1828  Gusti Canang, Gusti Gede Ngurah
                           Agung Lanang Paguyangan (2nd time) (s.a.)
       1828 -    Jun 1838  Gusti Ngurah Bagus Pa˝ji Karang
                           Asem                               (b. ... - d. 1839)
   Jun 1838 -    May 1839  Gusti Gede Ngurah Cotong           (b. ... - d. 1839)
   May 1839 - 20 May 1849  Gusti Gede Ngurah Made Karang Asem (b. ... - d. 1849)
       1893 - 28 Dec 1908  Gusti Gede Jelantik (regent)       (b. ... - d. 1916)
28 Dec 1908 -        1950  Agung Anglurah Ketut Karang Asem   (b. 1887 - d. 1966)
                           (regent, as Bagus Jelantik, to 30 Jun 1938)
       1950 -        1991  Agung Ngurah Ketut Karang Asem     (b. 1916 - d. 1991)

Mengwi

     c.1700                Mengwi state founded
       1891                state extinguished and divided among Klungkung, Badung,
                           Gianyar, and Tabanan

Rajas
       1780 -        1811  Gusti Ngurah Made Agung I
       1811 -        1816  Gusti Ngurah Made Agung II
       1816 -        1823  Gusti Ngurah Made Agung III
       1823 -        1856  Gusti Ketut Agung II
       1856 -        1856  Anak Agung Byang Agung
       1856 -        1891  Gusti Ngurah Made Agung IV

Tabanan

       17..                Tabanan state founded
       1906                state extinguished by Netherlands colonial government
       1929                ruling line nominally restored

Rulers (title Cokorda)
        ... -        1810  Gusti Ngurah Agung
       1810 -        1844  Gusti Gede Ngurah Agung
       1844 -        1868  Ratu Ngurah Agung
       1868 -  3 Mar 1903  ...
 3 Mar 1903 -        1906  Gusti Ngurah Agung
Rulers (title Anak Agung)
       1929 -              ...

Ubud

       1906                state extinguished by Netherlands colonial government

Ruler (title Cokorda)
      *1890 -        1906  Cokorda Gede Sukawati

Lombok

Mataram

Rajas
      *1835 -        1838  Anak Agung Ngurah Ketut Karang Asem
       1838 -        1839  Gusti Ngurah Ketut Karang Asem

Karang Asem Singhasari

Rajas
        ... -         ...  Agung Dahuran
        ... -        1838  Cokorda ... (f)
                           (jointly with the following three)
        ... -        1827  Gusti Gede Jelantik Sasak, Gusti
                           Gede Ngurah Agung Paguyangan
       1827 -        1835  Gusti Ngurah Made Karang Asem
                           (1st time)                         (b. ... - d. 1849)
       1835 -        1838  Gusti Ngurah Bagus Pa˝ji Karang
                           Asem                               (b. ... - d. 1839)
       1838 -        1839  Gusti Ngurah Made Karang Asem
                           (2nd time)                         (s.a.)

Pagasangan

Rajas
        ... -        1839  ...

Pangutan

Rajas
        ... -        1839  ...

Lombok

       1839                Lombok state formed by merger of four preceding states
       1895                state extinguished by Netherlands colonial government

Rajas
       1839 -        1870  Gusti Ngurah Ketut Karang Asem
       1870 -        1894  Gusti Ngurah Gede Karang Asem (from
                           18..., Agung Agung Gede Ngurah)
       1894                Anak Agung Ketut
       1894 -        1895  Anak Agung Nangah Karang

Sumbawa

Sumbawa

     c.1650                Sumbawa state founded
       1816                eruption of Tambora in 1815 disrupts state
       1837                state restored
       1908                state extinguished by Netherlands colonial government
       1931                ruling line nominally reinstated

Rulers (later usually referred to as Sultan)
       1796 -        1816  Muhammad Kahharuddin II
       1837 -        1843  Lulo Murso
       1843 -        1883  Amarullah
       1883 -        1908  Muhammad Jalaluddin
       1931 -        1958  Muhammad Kahharuddin III           (b. ... - d. 1975)
 5 Apr 2011 -              Muhammad Kahharuddin IV            (b. 1941)

Bima

        ...                Bima state founded in legendary antiquity
     c.1620                Bima state re-founded as Muslim sultanate

Sultans
- Dewa Dalam Bawa dynasty -
 1 Jul 1695 - 23 Jan 1731  Hasanuddin Muhammad Ali            (b. 1689 - d. 1731)
23 Jan 1731 -    May 1748  Alauddin Muhammad                  (b. 1706 - d. 1748)
   May 1748 - 28 Jun 1751  Kamalat (f)                        (b. 1728 - d. 1753)
28 Jun 1751 - 31 Aug 1773  Abdul Karim Muhammad               (b. 1735 - d. 1773)
31 Aug 1773 - 14 Jul 1817  Syafiuddin Abdul Hamid Muhammad    (b. 1762 - d. 1817)
14 Jul 1817 - 29 May 1854  Ismail Muhammad                    (b. 1797 - d. 1854)
29 May 1854 - 10 Aug 1868  Abdullah Muhammad                  (b. 1844 - d. 1868)
10 Aug 1868 - 30 Jun 1881  Abdul Aziz                         (b. ... - d. 1881)
30 Jun 1881 -    Dec 1915  Ibrahim                            (b. 1866 - d. 1915)
   Dec 1915 - 11 Jul 1951  Muhammad Salehuddin                (b. 1889 - d. 1951)

Dompu

       1701                Dompu sultanate founded

Sultans
       1799 -        1809  Muhammad Zainul Abidin
       1809 -        18..  Abdul Rasul II
       18.. -        1870  Muhammad Salehuddin
       1870 -        1882  Abdullah II
       1882 -         ...  Muhammad Sirajuddin

Sanggar

     c.1700                Sanggar state founded

Rajas
       1790 -        1805  Muhammad Sulaiman
       1805 -        18..  Ismail Ali
       18.. -        1836  La Lisa Daeng Jaie
       1836 -        1845  Daeng Malabba
       1845 -        1869  Manga Daeng Manasse
       1869 -         ...  La Kamena Daeng Anjong
       1901 -        19..  Abdullah

Papekat

     c.1660                Papekat sultanate founded
       1815                eruption of Tambora totally destroys the state

Sultan
       1794 -        1815  Abdul Muhammad

Tambora

       1675                Tambora sultanate founded
       1815                eruption of Tambora totally destroys the state

Sultans
       1794 -        1800  Abdul Rasyid Tajul Arifin
       1800 -        1801  Muhammad Tajul Masahur
       1801 -        1815  Abdul Jafar Daeng Mataram

Borneo

Banjarmasin

       1387                Banjarmasin state founded
       1905                state extinguished by Natherlands colonial government

Sultans
       1786 -        1808  Tahmidullah II bin Muhammad
                           Aminullah
       1808 -        1825  Sulaiman Saidullah bin Tahmidullah
       1825 -        1857  Adam bin Sulaiman Saidullah
                           al-Wathik Billah
       1857 -        1859  Tamjidullah II bin Abdul Rahman
       1859 -        1860  Hidayatullah III
       1860 -        1905  Tamjidullah III bin Abdul Rahman
Raja Muda
12 Dec 2010 -              Khairul Saleh                      (b. 1964)

Bulungan

Sultans
        ... -         ...  Aji Muhammad bin Muhammad Zainul
                           Abidin
        ... -        1848  Muhammad Alimuddin Amirul Muminin
                           Kahharuddin I bin Muhammad Zainul
                           Abidin (1st time)
       1848 -        1866  Muhammad Jalaluddin bin Muhammad
                           Kahharuddin                        (b. ... - d. 1866)
       1866 -        1873  Muhammad Alimuddin Amirul Muminin
                           Kahharuddin I bin Muhammad Zainul
                           Abidin (2nd time)
       1873 -        1874  Muhammad Khalifatul Adil
       1874 -        1889  Muhammad Kahharuddin II bin
                           Maharaja Lela
       1889 -        18..  Muhammad Azimuddin                 (b. ... - d. 18...)
       18.. -        1901  Pangean Kesuma (f) (regent)
       1902 -        1924  Muhammad Kasimuddin
       1924 -        1929  Datu Mansur (regent)
       1929 -        1930  Maulana Ahmad Sulaimanuddin        (b. ... - d. 1930)
       1930 -        1958  Maulana Muhammad Jalaluddin        (b. ... - d. 1958)
       1958 -              Maulana Al Mamun bin Maulana
                           Muhammad Jalaluddin

Bunut

       1815                Bunut state founded
       1909                state extinguished by Netherlands colonial government

Ruler (title Panembahan)
       18.. -        18..  Adi
Rulers (title Pangeran)
       1855 -        1858  Mangku Negara I
       1858 -        1876  Mangku Negara II
       1876 -        1884  Mangku Negara III
       1884 -        1909  Ratu Adi Paku Negara

Gunung Tabur

     c.1820                Gunung Tabur sultanate replaces Berau sultanate

Sultans
     c.1820 -        1834  Zainul Abidin II bin Badruddin
       1834 -        1850  Ayi Kuning II bin Zainul Abidin
       1850 -        1876  Amiruddin Maharaja Dendah I
       1876 -        1882  Hasanuddin II Maharaja Dendah II
                           bin Amiruddin
       1882 -         ...  Si Atas
        ... -        1921  Maulana Ahmad (regent)
       1921 -         ...  Muhammad Khalifatullah Jalaluddin

Jongkong

Rulers (title Abang)
        ... -         ...  Jambu Kiai Dipati Uda
        ... -         ...  Abdullah
        ... -        1864  Abdul Arab
       1864 -        1886  Unang
       1886 -         ...  Alam

Kota Waringin

Rulers (title Pangeran)
        ... -         ...  Anta Kusuma Ratu Bagawan I
        ... -         ...  Mas
Ruler (title Panembahan)
        ... -         ...  Derut
Rulers (title Pangeran)
        ... -         ...  Panghulu Ratu Bagawan II
        ... -         ...  Ratu Anom Kusuma Yuda I
        ... -         ...  Ratu Anom Imamuddin
        ... -        1865  Ratu Anom Harman Syah
       1865 -         ...  Ratu Anom Kusuma Yuda
       1913 -        19..  Ratu Sikma Alam Syah

Kubu

       1772                Kubu state founded

Rulers (title Tuan)
- Al `Aydarus dynasty -
       1772 -        1795  Saiyid `Aydarus Al `Aydarus        (b. 17... - d. 1795)
       1795 -  7 Jun 1829  Saiyid Muhammad bin `Aydarus Al
                           `Aydarus                           (b. 17... - d. 1829)
 7 Jun 1829 -  2 Feb 1841  Saiyid Abdul Rahman bin Muhammad
                           Al `Aydarus                        (b. ... - d. 1841)
 2 Feb 1841 - 19 Sep 1864  Saiyid Ismail bin Abdul Rahman
                           Al `Aydarus                        (b. ... - d. 1864)
19 Sep 1864 -  4 Nov 1900  Saiyid Hasan bin Abdul Rahman
                           Al `Aydarus                        (b. ... - d. 1900)
 4 Nov 1900 -    Apr 1911  Syarif Abbas Al `Aydarus           (b. 1853 - d. 19...)
26 Sep 1911 - 11 Apr 1921  Syarif Zainul Idris ibni al-Marhum
                           Syarif Ismail                      (b. 1851 - d. 19...)
16 Jun 1921 - 23 Nov 1943  Syarif Salih bin Syarif Idris
                           Al `Aydarus (regent to Sep 1921)   (b. 1881 - d. 1944)
       1943 -        1958  Syarif Hasan bin Zain
                           (head of the Governing Committee to 1946, then
                           chairman of the Council of Regency to 16 Aug 1949)

Kutai Kerta Negara

        ...                Kutai state founded in remote legendary antiquity
       1960                state abolished by Indonesia
22 Sep 2001                restored

Rulers (from c.1732, sultans)
       1689 -        1700  Aji Ragi                           (b. ... - d. 1700)
       1700 -        1730  Tua ing Martapura                  (b. ... - d. 1730)
       1730 -        1732  Anom Pa˝ji Mendapa ing Martapura   (b. ... - d. 1732)
       1732 -        1739  Muhammad Idris bin Anom Pa˝ji
       1739 -        1780  Muhammad Muslehuddin bin Muhammad
                           Idris                              (b. ... - d. 1780)
       1780 -        1816  Muhammad Salehuddin bin Aliuddin
                           (1st time)                         (b. ... - d. 1845)
       1816                Aliuddin bin Muhammad Muslehuddin  (b. ... - d. 1816)
       1816 -    Jul 1845  Muhammad Salehuddin bin Aliuddin
                           (2nd time)                         (s.a.)
   Jul 1845 -  2 Dec 1899  Muhammad Sulaiman Adil Khalifatul
                           Muminin bin Muhammad Salehuddin    (b. 1838 - d. 1899)
 2 Dec 1899 - 28 Apr 1910  Muhammad Azimuddin Adil Khalifatul
                           Muminin                            (b. ... - d. 1910)
28 Apr 1910 -        1960  Adji Muhammad Parikesit            (b. 1895 - d. 1981)
22 Sep 2001 -              Adji Muhammad Salehuddin II        (b. 1924)

Landak

       1478                Landak state founded

Rulers (title Panembahan)
        ... -        1844  Kusuma Adiningrat I
       1844 -        1847  Mahmud Akamaddin
       1847 -        1849  vacant
       1849 -        1874  Rau Adi Kusuma
Ruler (title Pangeran)
       1874 -        1881  Mangku Bumi
Rulers (title Panembahan)
       1881 -        1882  Kusuma Adiningrat II
       1882 -         ...  Abdul Ajit Khan
       1900 -        19..  Gusti Abdul Hamid

Mampawa

Ruler (title Panembahan)
       1795 -        1822  Anom Kusuma Negara
                           (from 1808, Nata Kusuma)
Sultan
       1822                Muhammad Zainul Abidin Nata Kusuma
Rulers (title Panembahan)
       1822 -        1826  Muhammad Zainul Abidin Nata Kusuma
       1826 -        1828  vacant
       1828 -        1853  Umar Kamaruddin Nata Kerama
       1853 -        1854  Mukmin Jaya Kusuma bin Umar
                           Kamaruddin Nata Kerama
       1854 -        1860  Mahmud Akamaddin bin Umar
                           Kamaruddin Nata Kerama
       1860 -        1863  Usman Shafiuddin Nata Jaya Kusuma
                           bin Mukmin Jaya Kusuma
       1863 -        1892  Ibrahim Muhammad Shafiuddin bin
                           Mahmud Akamaddin
       1892 -        1904* Muhammad Taufik Akamaddin
       19.. - 12 Aug 2002  Jimmy Mochamad Ibrahim bin Taufik
                           Akamaddin                          (b. 1932 - d. 2005)

Matan

       1837                Matan state founded

Rulers (title Panembahan)
       1837 -        1845  Anom Kusuma Negara
       1845 -        1908  Muhammad Cabaran
       1908 -        19..  Gusti Mas Saunan

Meliau

     c.1700                Meliau state founded
       1905                state extinguished by Netherlands colonial government

Rulers (title Pangeran)
       1782 -        1800  Suria Adiningrat
       1800 -        1823  Mangku
       1823 -        1869  Ratu Mangku Negara
       1869 -        1885  Ratu Anom Paku Negara
       1885 -        1889  Ratu Muda Paku Negara Abdul Rauf
       1889 -         ...  Paku Negara Suria Kusuma

Pasir

Sultans
        ... -         ...  Sepuh I
        ... -         ...  Sulaiman II
        ... -         ...  Muhammad
      *1844*               Adam II
       18.. -        1857  Ibrahim Khaliluddin
       1857 -        1866  Mahmud Ilhan
       1866 -        1887  Sepuh II Adil Khalifatul Muminin
       1887 -        1896  Muhammad Ali Adil Khalifatul Muminin
       1896 -        1898  Abdul Rahman
       1898 -        1900  vacant
       1900 -        1908  Ibrahim Khaliluddin
Rulers (title Pangeran Ratu)
       1908 -        1913  Sukma Negara
       1913 -         ...  Sukma Alam Syah

Pegatan and Kusan

     c.1700                Pegatan and Kusan states founded, ruled jointly
       1912                state extinguished by Netherlands colonial government

Rulers
        ... -         ...  Puwana Deke
        ... -         ...  Hasan Pangewa
        ... -         ...  Arung Palewan Abdul Rahim
        ... -         ...  Arung Makarau Abdul Karim
        ... -        1875  Abdul Jabbar
       1875 -        1883  Arung Daeng Makau (f)
       1883 -        1908  Arung Abdul Rahim
       1908 -        1912  "Kerapatan" (regent)

Piasa

       1916                state extinguished by Netherlands colonial government

Ruler
        ... -        1913  ...

Pontianak

       1771                Pontianak sultanate founded

Sultans
- al-Kadri dynasty -
23 Oct 1771 - 28 Feb 1808  Syarif Abdul Rahman bin Husain
                           al-Kadri                           (b. 1742 - d. 1808)
28 Feb 1808 - 25 Feb 1819  Syarif Kasim bin Abdul Rahman
                           al-Kadri                           (b. 1766 - d. 1819)
25 Feb 1819 - 12 Apr 1855  Syarif Usman bin Abdul Rahman
                           al-Kadri                           (b. 1777 - d. 1860)
12 Apr 1855 - 22 Aug 1872  Sultan Abdul Hamid I bin Usman
                           al-Kadri                           (b. 1802 - d. 1872)
22 Aug 1872 - 15 Mar 1895  Syarif Yusuf bin Abdul Hamid
                           al-Kadri                           (b. 1850 - d. 1895)
15 Mar 1895 - 24 Jun 1944  Syarif Muhammad bin Yusuf al-Kadri (b. 1872 - d. 1944)
18 Aug 1945 - 23 Oct 1945  Syarif Taha bin Usman al-Kadri     (b. 1927 - d. 1978)
23 Oct 1945 -        1950  Syarif Abdul Hamid II bin Muhammad
                           al-Kadri                           (b. 1913 - d. 1978)
15 Jan 2004 -              Syarif Abubakar al-Kadri

Sambaliung

       1830                Batu Putih state founded
       1834/36             name of state changed to Tanjong
       1849                name of state changed to Sambaliung

Sultans
       1830 -        1836* Raja Alam
       18.. -        18..  Bungkoh
       18.. -        1849  Muhammad Jalaluddin bin Alam
       1849 -        1869  Muhammad Hasyik Syarifuddin bin Alam
       1869 -        1881  Muhammad Adil Jalaluddin bin
                           Muhammad Jalaluddin
       1881 -         ...  Abdullah Muhammad Khalifatullah
                           Bayanuddin bin Muhammad Jalaluddin
        ... -        1921  Datuk Ranik (regent)
       1921 -         ...  Muhammad Aminuddin (= Datuk Ranik)

Sambas

     c.1609                Sambas state founded

Sultans
26 May 1670 - 22 Apr 1708  Muhammad Tajuddin bin Muhammad
                           Saifuddin                          (b. ... - d. 1708)
22 Apr 1708 - 24 Aug 1732  Umar Akamaddin I bin Muhammad
                           Tajuddin                           (b. 16... - d. 1732)
24 Aug 1732 -  3 Feb 1762  Abu Bakar Kamaluddin I bin
                           Muhammad Jalaluddin                (b. 1698 - d. 1762)
 3 Feb 1762 -        1790  Umar Akamaddin II bin Abu Bakar
                           Kamaluddin                         (b. 1731 - d. 1790)
       1790 - 14 Sep 1814  Abu Bakar Kamaluddin II bin Umar
                           Akamaddin                          (b. 1756 - d. 1814)
14 Sep 1814 - 16 Jul 1828  Muhammad Ali Syafiuddin II bin Abu
                           Bakar Kamaluddin                   (b. 1767 - d. 1828)
29 Nov 1828 -  9 Feb 1832  Usman Kamaluddin III bin Abu Bakar
                           Kamaluddin                         (b. 1771 - d. 1832)
 9 Feb 1832 - 23 Dec 1846  Umar Akamaddin III bin Abu Bakar
                           Kamaluddin                         (b. 1793 - d. 1846)
23 Dec 1846 - 23 Sep 1854  Abu Bakar Tajuddin II bin Muhammad
                           Ali Syafiuddin                     (b. 1822 - d. 1879)
23 Sep 1854 -  8 Aug 1866  Umar Kamaluddin IV bin Muhammad
                           Ali Syafiuddin                     (b. ... - d. 1866)
 8 Aug 1866 - 12 Sep 1924  Muhammad Syafiuddin III bin Abu
                           Bakar Tajuddin
12 Sep 1924 -  9 Oct 1926  Muhammad Ali Syafiuddin IV bin
                           Muhammad Ali Syafiuddin            (b. 1875 - d. 1926)
10 Oct 1926 - 28 Jun 1944  Muhammad Ibrahim Syafiuddin V bin
                           Muhammad Syafiuddin                (b. 1901 - d. 1944)

Sanggau

     c.1450                Sanggau state founded

Ruler (title Pangeran)
       1798 -        1814  Usman Paku Negara
Rulers (title Sutan)
       1814 -        1825  Muhammad Ali
       1825 -        1830  Aiyub Mangku Negara
Rulers (title Panembahan)
       1830 -        1875  Muhammad Kusuma Negara
       1875 -        1876  Muhammad Tahir II Kusuma Negara
       1876 -         ...  Sulaiman Paku Negara
        ... -        1915  Muhammad Ali Suria Negara
       1915 -        1920  Muhammad Said Paku Negara
       1920 -         ...  Gusti Muhammad Tahir III Suria Negara

Sekadau

     c.1600                Sekadau state founded

Rulers (title Pangeran)
       1780 -         ...  Suto
        ... -        1830  Kusuma Negara
Sultans
       1830 -        1861  Muhammad Kamaruddin
       1861 -        1867  Mansur Kusuma Negara
Rulers (title Panembahan)
       1867 -         ...  Muhammad Kusuma Negara
       1902 -        1910  Ahmad Seri Negara
       1910 -        1920  Regency of four
       1920 -        1931  Regency
                           - Gusti Ahmad Pangeran Nata Negara
                           - Adi Abul Murad (to 1923)
       1931 -              ...

Selimbau

    bf.1500                Selimbau state founded
       1916                state extinguished by Netherlands colonial government

Rulers (title Pangeran)
        ... -         ...  Jaya Mangku Negara
        ... -         ...  Suta Muhammad Jalaluddin
        ... -         ...  Dipa Ahmad Badruddin
        ... -         ...  Suma Ali Jaya Mangku Negara
Rulers (title Panembahan)
        ... -        1878  Muhammad Abbas Suria Negara
       1878 -         ...  Muda Agong Muhammad Salih Paku Negara

Silat

       1916                state extinguished by Netherlands colonial government

Simpang

     c.1800                Simpang state founded

Rulers (title Panembahan)
     c.1800 -        18..  Kusumaningrat I
       18.. -        1845  Surianingrat I
       1845 -        1872  Kusumaningrat II
       1872 -        1911  Surianingrat II
       1911 -        19..  Anom Kusumaningrat III

Sintang

       1959                state abolished by Indonesia

Sultans
       1672 -        1738  Muhammad Shamsuddin Saidul Khairi
                           Waddien                            (b. ... - d. 1738)
       1738 -        1786  Abdul Rahman Muhammad Jalaluddin   (b. ... - d. 1786)
       1786 -        1796  Abdul Rashid Muhammad Jamaluddin   (b. ... - d. 1796)
       1796 -      c.1851  Muhammad Qamaruddin                (b. ... - d. c.1851)
     c.1851 -        1855  Muhammad Jamaluddin
Rulers (title Panembahan)
       1855 -    Sep 1889  Abdul Said                         (b. bf.1842 - d. 1889)
   Sep 1889 - 22 Dec 1905  Ismail                             (b. ... - d. 1905)
22 Dec 1905 - 16 Jan 1913  Gusti Adi Abdul Majid
       1913 -        1934  Adi Muhammad Jun Abdul Kadir       (b. 1883 - d. 1934)
       1934 - 28 Jun 1944  Muhammad Jamaluddin                (b. 1904 - d. 1944)
   Jun 1944 - 12 Feb 1947  Muhammad Shamsuddin
12 Feb 1947 -        1959  Ismail Shafiuddin                  (b. 1914)

Suhaid

     c.1700                Suhaid state founded
       1916                state extinguished by Netherlands colonial government

Rulers (title Pangeran)
        ... -        1809  Kiai Dipati Mangku
       1809 -        1879  Suma di-Loga Mangku Negara
       1879 -         ...  Kusuma Anom Suria Negara

Sukadana

     c.1300                Sukadana state founded

Sultans
       1790 -        1828  Muhammad Jamluddin bin Ahmad
                           Kamaluddin Indralaya
       1828 -        1843  Abdul Jalil Syah bin Musa
Rulers (title Panembahan)
       1843 -        1878  Tunku Besar Anom bin Abdul Jalil Syah
       1878 -        1910  Tunku Putera bin Anom
       1910 -        19..  Tunku Andut

Tayan

       1762                Tayan state founded
       17.. -        17..  incorporated into Meliau

Rulers (title Pangeran)
       17.. -         ...  Panembahan Nata Kusuma
        ... -        1828  Ratu Suria Negara
Rulers (title Panembahan)
       1828 -        1860  Mangku Negara Suria Kusuma I
       1860 -        1873  Mangku Negara Suria Kusuma II
       1873 -        1880  Adiningrat
       1880 -         ...  Paku Negara Suria Kusuma
        ... -        1929  Anom Paku Negara
       1929 -         ...  Gusti Japar (regent)

Celebes

Note: In the most important polities on Celebes the rulers' posthumous names (mostly showing the place of their death or burial) become important, rulers frequently being referred to by these names. They are recorded here in [ ] after the names.

Allah

Ruler (title Aru)
       1915 -        19..  La Welio Jina Bantl

Balangnipa

Rulers
       1870 -        1872  Manawari (1st time)
       1872 -        1873  Maradia Kape
       1873 -        1880  Manawari (2nd time)
       1880 -        1885  Sanggariya
       1885 -        1906  Manawari (3rd time)
       1906 -        1927  Laju Kakanna I Doro
       1927 -         ...  Andi Baso

Banggai

Rulers
       1907 -        1928  Abdul Rahman
       1928 -        1939  Amaluddin                          (b. ... - d. 1939)
       1939 -        1957  Sukuran Amir

Barru

Rulers
        ... -        1908  I Batari (f)
       1908 -        19..  I Jonjo Karaeng Lewbangparang

Batulapa

Ruler (title Aru)
      *1890 -        1933* I Coma (f)

Binuang

Rulers
        ... -        1917  Majalekka Daeng Patompo
       1917 -        1930  La Pa Enronge
       1930 -         ...  La Matulada

Bone

     c.1350                Bone state founded

Rajas (also styled Arumponi)
17 Jun 1775 - 22 Jul 1812  La Tan-ri-tuppu Ahmad Syamsuddin
                           [MatinroE-ri-Rompegadieng]         (b. 1757 - d. 1812)
22 Jul 1812 -        1823  Toapatunru Arung Palakka Muhammad
                           Ismail Mukhtasuddin
                           [MatinroE-ri-Lalang-bata]
       1823 -        1835  I Maneeng Arun Data
                           [MatinroE-ri-Kassie] (f)           (b. ... - d. 1835)
       1835 -        1845  Mapaseleeng Aru Panjielie
                           [MatinroE-ri-Salassana]            (b. ... - d. 1845)
       1845 - 16 Feb 1858  La Parereengie Arum Pungie Ahmad
                           Salih [MatinroE-ri-Aja-benteng]    (b. ... - d. 1858)
16 Feb 1858 - 20 Jan 1860  Bassee Kajuwara Hadie Abel Hadie
                           Pelai-eengi Paseempa (f)           (b. ... - d. 1860)
20 Jan 1860 -        1871  Ahmad Singkarru Rukka Arung
                           Palakka                            (b. 1818 - d. 1871)
       1871 - 17 Feb 1895  I Banrie Aru Timurung (f)          (b. ... - d. 1895)
17 Feb 1895 - 14 Nov 1905  La Pawowoni Karaeng Segeri         (b. 1835 - d. 1911)
14 Nov 1905 - 17 Mar 1931  vacant
17 Mar 1931 -    Feb 1946  La Mapanjukki                      (b. 1884 - d. 1967)
       1946 -        1950  Andi Pabenteng                     (b. 1904 - d. 1968)

Bontobatu

Rulers (title Aru)
        ... -        1923  La Butu
       1923 -         ...  Bangon

Bungku

Rajas
        ... -        1923  Putera Abdul Wahab
       1923 -        1931  Ahmad
       1931 -         ...  Abdul Razak

Cenrana

Rulers
       1907 -        1917  Pagiling
       1917 -         ...  Pawela E

Enrekang

Rulers
        ... -        1917  Pancai Tana Bunga Walie
       1917 -        19..  Patta Ahmad
       1998 -              Iqbal Mustafa

Gowa

    bf.1300                Gowa state founded
 1 Jul 1960                state abolished

Sultans
16 Sep 1677 - 17 Sep 1709  I Mappadulung Daeng Mattimung
                           Karaeng Sanrabone Sultan
                           Fakhruddin Abdul Jalil
                           [Tumenanga-ri-Lakiung]             (b. 1652 - d. 1709)
18 Sep 1709 - 30 Aug 1712  La Parappa To' Aparapu Sappewali
                           Madanrang Daeng Bonto Karaeng
                           Anamonjang Paduka Sri Sultan
                           Shahabuddin Ismail
                           [Tumenanga-ri-Sompaopu]            (b. 1690 - d. 1724)
31 Aug 1712 - 22 Jan 1739  I Mappaurangi Karaeng Kanjilo
                           Paduka Sri Sultan Sirajuddin
                           [Tuammenang-ri-Pasi]               (b. 1687 - d. 1739)
22 Jan 1739 - 28 Jul 1742  I Malawangau Sultan Abdul Khair
                           al-Mansur Shah [Tumenanga-ri-Gowa] (b. 1727 - d. 1742)
28 Jul 1742 - 21 Dec 1753  I Mappaba'basa Sultan Abdul Kudus
                           [Tumenanga-ri-Kala'birana]         (b. 1733 - d. 1753)
21 Dec 1753 - 14 Apr 1767  Karaeng Batara Gowa II Amas Madina
                           Patti Mathari Sultan Usman
                           Fakhruddin [Tumenanga-ri-Silung]   (b. 1749 - d. 1795)
14 Apr 1767 - 15 Feb 1769  I Malisujawa Daeng Riboko Arung
                           Mampu Sultan Muhammad Imaduddin
                           [Tumenanga-ri-Tompo'balang]        (b. ... - d. 1769?)
15 Feb 1769 - 15 Jun 1777  I Makaraeng Karaeng Tamasangang
                           Karaeng Katangka Sultan Zainuddin
                           [Tumenanga-ri-Matawangang]         (b. 1722 - d. 1778)
15 Jun 1777 -        1781  Sankilang                          (b. ... - d. 1785)
16 Oct 1781 -  7 May 1810  I Mannawarri Karaeng Bontolangkasa
                           (later Karaeng Mangasa Sultan
                           Abdul Hadi)                        (b. 1746 - d. 1810)
 7 May 1810 -        1814  Karaeng Pangkajene Abdul Khalik
       1814 -        1825  I Mappatunru (later I Manginyarang
                           Karaeng Lembangparang)
                           [Tumenanga-ri-Katangka]            (b. ... - d. 1825)
       1825 -  1 Sep 1825  La Oddanriu Karaeng Katangka
                           [Tumenanga-ri-Suangga]             (b. ... - d. 1845)
 1 Sep 1825 - 30 Jan 1893  I Kumala Karaeng Lembangparang
                           Sultan Abdul Kadir Muhammad Aidid
                           [Tumenanga-ri-Kakoa-sangna]        (b. 1817 - d. 1893)
30 Jan 1893 - 18 May 1895  I Mallingkaang Daeng Nyonri
                           Karaeng Katangka Sultan Idris
                           [Tumananga-ri-Kalabbiranna]        (b. ... - d. 1895)
18 May 1895 - 13 Apr 1906  I Makkulau Daeng Serang Karaeng
                           Lembangparang Sultan Husain
                           [Tumenanga-ri-Bunduna]             (b. ... - d. 1906)
13 Apr 1906 - 30 Nov 1936  vacant
30 Nov 1936 - 20 Apr 1946  I Mangimangi Daeng Mattutu Karaeng
                           Bontonompo Sultan Muhammad Tahir
                           Muhibuddin
                           [Tumenanga-ri-Sungguminasa]        (b. ... - d. 1946)
20 Apr 1946 -  1 Jul 1960  Andi Ijo Daeng Mattawang Karaeng
                           Lalolang Sultan Muhammad Abdul
                           Kadir Aidid                        (b. 1903 - d. 1978)

Kasa

Ruler
       1902 -        19..  I Buabara

Luwu

    bf.1600                Luwu state founded

Rulers (title Pajong, also styled Datuk)
        ... -        1809  La Tan-ri-Leleang Maesa Mahatuddin
                           [MatinroE-ri-Soreang] (2nd time)
       1809                La Tan-ri-Pappang Abdullah
                           [MatinroE-ri-Sabamparu]
       1810 -        1826  We Tan-ri-Awaru
                           [MatinroE-ri-Palopo]
       1826 -        18..  La Oddanriu Ande Baru
       18.. -        1880  Abdul Karin To Baruwe
                           [MatinroE-ri-Limpomajang]
       1880 -        1883  Opu Anrong Guru
                           [MatinroE-ri-Tamalulu] (f)
       1883 -         ...  Iskandar Aru Larompong
        ... -         ...  We Kambo Daeng Risompa
        ... -        1947  ...
       1947 -              ...

Maiwa

Rulers (title Aru)
        ... -        1907  La Sapewali
       1907 -        19..  ... (regent)
       19.. -        1923  ... (regent)
       1923 -        1925  La Cori
       1925 -        1927  La Ori (regent)
       1927 -         ...  La Sassu (regent to 1928)

Majene

Rulers
        ... -        1889  Sangkilang
       1892 -        1907  I Juara
       1907 -        19..  Rammang Pata Lolo

Malua

Rulers (title Aru)
        ... -        1919  La Gali
       1919 -        19..  La Parang Barana Lolo

Malusetasi (Nepo)

Rulers (title Aru)
       1906 -        1917  I Samatana (f)
       1917 -        1932  I Makung

Mamuju

Rulers (title Maradia)
        ... -        1895  Na E Sukur
       1895 -        1906  Karanene
       1906 -        19..  Jalala Amana Inda

Mori

Rulers
        ... -        1926  Makole Ede Kamisi
       1926 -              Makole Uwulu

Pambauang

Rulers
        ... -        1907  I Latta
       1907 -        1920  Simanangi Pakarama
       1920 -         ...  Tonri Lipu

Rapang

Rulers
        ... -        1886  Andi Matanang
       1886 -        1900  Sumanga Rukka
       1900 -        1905  La Sadapotto
       1905 -        1908  I Njilitimo (f)
       1908 -        19..  I Tanri (f)

Sawito

       1908                Sawito state formed by fusion of Sawito and Alita states

(1) Sawito

Rulers (title Adatuwang)
        ... -        1870  La Cebu
       1870 -        1886  Pasule Daeng Bulaeng (f)
       1886 -        1902  Palagau Aru Patojo
       1902 -        1922  Andi Tama
       1922 -         ...  I Ba Eda (f)

(2) Alita

Rulers (title Adatuwang)
        ... -         ...  Patta Lacalabai
        ... -        1861  Aru Anipong
       1861 -        1902  We Tan-ri-Padarang (f)
       1902 -        1905  La Pangorisang
       1905 -        1908  La Bonde Jaraeng-ri Jampu E

Sidenreng

Rulers (title Adatuwang)
      *1824*               Lapawowoi Ali Albenu Abdul Hakim
       18.. -        1882  Muhammad Ait LKa Pangorisang
       1882 -        1900  Sumanga Rukka
       1900 -        1905  La Sadapotto
       1905 -        19..  La Cibo

Soppeng

     c.1450                Soppeng state founded

Rajas (also styled Datuk)
       1782 -        1820  La Onrong Noah Datuk Patiro
                           [MatinroE-ri-Amalawa]
       1820 -        1828  Wa Tan-ri-a-Wani Aru Lapajung
                           [MatinroE-ri-Barugana] (f)
       1828 -        1838  Datuk Patiro
       1838 -        1848  La Onrong Datuk Lampula
       1848 -        1865  Aru Senkang Nenena I Calla To Lampeeng
       1866 -        18..  Abdul Gani Baso Batu Pute
       1897 -         ...  Siettie Saenaba Aru Lapanjung

Soppengriaja

       1906                Soppengriaja state formed by merger of Balusu, Kiru, and
                           Kamiri (no records for Kamiri)

(1) Balusu

Ruler (title Datuk)
        ... -        1906  Baso Patta Bau Lampoko

(2) Kiru

Ruler (title Aru)
        ... -        1906  La Tobo Patta Lenrang

(3) Soppengriaja

Rulers (title Datuk)
       1906 -        1920  La Tobo Patta Lenrang
       1920 -        1932  La Madiawe
       1932 -         ...  Yusuf

Supa (Ajataparang)

Rulers (title Datuk)
        ... -        1855  ...
       1855 -        1860  La Cebu (regent)
       1860 -         ...  Bassee Kajuwara Hadie Abel Hadie
                           Pelai-eengi Paseempa (f)
        ... -        1902  Madallung (f)
       1902 -        1906  La Pamanjukie
       1906 -        1926  La Parerengi Karaeng Tinggimae
       1926 -         ...  Andi Makassau

Tallo

bf.1500 Tallo state founded 1780 state interrupted by Netherlands colonial government 1811 interruption continued under British colonial government 1814 independence recovered 16 Apr 1856 state extinguished by Netherlands colonial government Sultans 16 Jun 1673 - 8 Jan 1709 Abdul Kadir I [Tumenanga-ri-Passiringanna] (b. 1666 - d. 1709) 8 Jan 1709 - 18 Nov 1714 Sirajuddin [Tomamaliang-ri-Gaukana] (1st time) (b. 1687 - d. 1739) 18 Nov 1714 - 1729 Nazimuddin [Tumenanga-ri-Jawaiya] (b. 1708 - d. ...) 1729 - 5 Nov 1735 Sirajuddin [Tomamaliang-ri-Gaukana] (2nd time) (s.a.) 5 Nov 1735 - 1760 Safiuddin [I-Makkasuma] (b. 1709 - d. 1760) 1760 - 1761 Karaeng Sapanang Tu-Timoka (b. ... - d. 18...) 1761 - 6 Apr 1767 Abdul Kadir II [Tumenanga-ri-Buttana] (b. 1707 - d. 1767) 6 Apr 1767 - 1 Jun 1777 Sittie Saleh I (f) (b. 1726 - d. 1778) 23 Jun 1814 - May 1824 Sittie Saleh II [Tumenanga-ri-Kanatojenna] (f) (b. ... - d. 1824) 1824 - 1825 Abdul Rauf [Tumenanga-ri-Katangka] (b. 1749 - d. 1825) 1825 - 1 Sep 1825 Abdul Kadir Muhammad Aidid [Tumenanga-ri-Kakoa-sangna] (b. 1817 - d. 1893) 1 Sep 1825 - 1845 Abdul Rahman [Tumenanga-ri-Suangga] (b. ... - d. 1845) 1845 - 1850 Sittie Aisya [Tumenanga-ri-Bontomanai] (f) (b. ... - d. 1850) 1850 - 16 Apr 1856 La Makka Daeng Parani

Tanette

     c.1550                Tanette state founded

Rulers (title Datuk)
       1768 -        1807  Abdul Kadir Muhieddin
                           [MatinroE-ri-Dusang]
       1807 -        1824  Abdullah Saipu Aru Pancana La Patua
                           (1st time)
       1824                Daeng Tanisanga (f) (1st time)
       1824 -        1825  Abdullah Saipu Aru Pancana La Patua
                           (2nd time)
       1825 -        1827  Daeng Tanisanga (f) (2nd time)
       1827 -        1840  Abdullah Saipu Aru Pancana La Patua
                           (3rd time)
       1840 -        1855  Datuk Mario Larumpang Lacombong
                           [MatinroE-ri-Mutiara]
       1855 -        1910  We Tan-ri-Olle (f)
       1910 -        1926  I Pancaitana Aru Pancana (f)
       1926 -        1927  I Pateka Tana (f) (regent)
       1927 -         ...  Andi Baso (regent)

Tapalang

Rulers (title Maradia)
       1867 -        1889  Na E Sukur
       1889 -        1892  Pabanari
       1892 -        1908  Andi Musu
       1908 -        19..  Bustari Patani Lantang

Tolitoli

Rulers
        ... -        1905  Abdul Hamid
       1905 -        1918  Ismail
       1918 -        1919  Regency
                           - Ali
                           - I Busuna
                           - Muhammad Sirajuddin
       1919 -        1926  Jali Muhammad Salih
       1926 -        1929  ... (regent)
       1929 -         ...  Matata Daeng Masese (regent)

Wajo

     c.1450                Wajo state founded

Rulers (title Batara Wajo)
       1795 -        1817  La Mallaleleng
       1821 -        1825  La Mamang Towapamadeng Puangna
                           Raden Gallo
       1839 -        1845  La Paddangeng Puangna Padaguna
       1854 -        1859  La Pawellangi PajungperoE
                           Datu-ri-Akkajeng
       1859 -        1885  La Cincing [MatinroE-ri-Cappagalung]
       1885 -        1887  vacant
       1887 -        1891  La Koro Arung Padali
       1892 -        1897  La Passamula Datuk Lampulle
       1900 -        1916  Ishak Manggabarani Karaeng Mangeppe
       1926 -        1933  La Oddang Datuk Larompong
       1933 -        1949  Andi Mangkona Datuk Maro Riwawo

Butung

    bf.1550                Butung Island state founded

Sultans
       1799 -         ...  Dayanu Azaruddin
        ... -        1824  Muhammad Anharuddin
       1824 -        1851  Kaimuddin II
       1851 -        1871  Muhammad Isa Kaimuddin III
       1871 -        1886  Muhammad Salih Kaimuddin IV
       1886 -        1904  Kaimuddin V
       1904 -        1911  Muhammad Abdul Rahim
       1911 -        1914  Muhammad Husain
       1914 -        1921  Muhammad Ali
       1921 -        1922  Afiu
       1922 -        19..  Falihi (regent)
       19.. -        19..  La Ode Hamidi (regent)
      *1986*               La Ode Manarfa (regent)

Moluccas

Note: The four states of Ternate, Jailolo (on the main island of Halmahera), Tidore, and Bacan developed a system structuring the (North) Molucca Archipelago, in which the ruler of each state had the style of Kolano with appropriate qualifiers, the Kolano Maloko (till 1380 the ruler of Jailolo, thereafter the ruler of Ternate) exercising a sort of primacy. There were (or are) other states on Halmahera, including Gamukonora, Kau, Loloda, Sahu, Tolofuo, and Tobaru; no record for any of these is included here.

Ternate

       1257                State of Ternate founded
       1380                ruler of Ternate becomes Kolano Maloko, succeeding
                           the ruler of Jailolo

Sultans (also styled Kolano Maloko)
       1689 -  8 Dec 1714  Said Fathullah                     (b. 1657 - d. 1714)
 8 Dec 1714 -  8 Dec 1751  Amir Iskandar Zulkarnain Saifuddin (b. 1680 - d. 1751)
 8 Dec 1751 - 24 Aug 1754  Binayatullah al-Malik ul-Manab
                           Amir Iskandar Alauddin Mansur Shah
                           III                                (b. 1691 - d. 1754)
24 Aug 1754 -        1763  Amir Iskandar Muda Shah            (b. af.1692 - d. 1763)
       1763 - 28 Jul 1774  Shahid ul-Muh Taj ul-Rahman
                           Jalaluddin Shah                    (b. 1720 - d. 1774)
28 Jul 1774 -        1781  Ikhtias ul-Rahman Wahuwa Said Duna
                           Amir Iskandar Zulkarnain Azimuddin
                           Shah                               (b. ... - d. 1781)
       1781 - 27 Apr 1796  Amir Iskandar II Malik ul-Mulk
                           ul-Munnawir us-Sadik ul-Mukarram
                           Shah
27 Apr 1796 - 13 May 1801  Haj ul-Arifin Wahuwa Said Duna
                           Siraj ul-Buldan Infiluddin
                           Muharram Amir Iskandar Shah
                           Muhiuddin Shah
13 May 1801 - 10 Mar 1807  Sirajul Bilat Shah Taj ul-Aulia
                           al-Mukarram Amir Iskandar Jihad
                           Azimuddin                          (b. ... - d. 1807)
10 Mar 1807 - 24 Dec 1821  Said ul-Biladi Siraj ul-Kulut
                           ul-Mulki Amiri Iskandar Zain
                           ul-Bahrain Wahuwa Khair
                           us-Salikhin Shah                   (b. ... - d. 1824)
24 Dec 1821 - 11 Oct 1823  Saifuddin Iskandar III Nasiruddin
                           Shah                               (b. ... - d. 1823)
11 Oct 1823 - 20 Nov 1859  Taj ul-Mulki Amiruddin Iskandar
                           Kaulaini Shah                      (b. 1769 - d. 1859)
20 Nov 1859 - 25 Oct 1876  Binayat Illahi Mamran Siraj
                           ul-Mulki Amiruddin Iskandar Wahuwa
                           Mina Salikhin Shah                 (b. ... - d. 1876)
25 Oct 1876 -  4 Oct 1879  vacant
 4 Oct 1879 -    Jul 1900  Tajul Mahsil Binayatullah
                           al-Hannan Siraj ul-Mulk Amiruddin
                           Iskandar IV Munawar ul-Sadik
                           Wahuwa Mina al-Adilin Shah         (b. 1839 - d. 1900)
   Jul 1900 - 20 Feb 1902  Ilham                              (b. ... - d. 1902)
20 Feb 1902 - 23 Sep 1915  Tajul Mahsil Binayatullah
                           al-Hannan Siraj ul-Mulk Amiruddin
                           Iskandar V Munawar ul-Sadik Wahuwa
                           Mina al-Adilin Shah                (b. ... - d. 1941)
23 Sep 1915 -  2 Sep 1929  vacant
 2 Sep 1929 -  4 Jul 1975  Iskandar Muhammad Jabir Shah       (b. 1902 - d. 1975)
29 Nov 1986 -              Muzaffar Shah II                   (b. 1934)

Jailolo

       1380                ruler of Jailolo becomes Jikoma Kolano, swapping
                           styles with the ruler of Ternate
       1557 -        1796  state under Ternate sovereignty
       1803 -        18..  state under Ternate sovereignty

Sultans (also styled Jikoma Kolano)
       1796 -        1803  ...
      *1876*               Danu Hasan

Tidore

    bf.1450                State of Tidore founded

Sultans (also styled Kiema Kolano)
       1797 - 14 Nov 1805  Sultan Saidul Jihad Muhammad Nabus
                           Amiruddin Syah "Jou Barakti"
       1805 -        18..  Sultan Jamal Abidin
       18.. -        1821  Sultan Muhammad Tahir "Sultan Mossel"
       1822 -        1856  Sultan al-Mansur II
       1856 -        1865  Sultan Ahmad Safiuddin Syah
                           "Sultan Arnold Alting"
       1865 -        1867  vacant
       1867 -        1893  Sultan Said Ahmad Fathuddin Syah
       1893 -        1904  Sultan Iskandar Shajuddin Nur Amal
       1999 -              H. Djafar Danoyunus

Bacan

       1322                State of Bacan founded

Sultans (also styled Kolano Madehe)
        ... -        1826  Sultan Hamarullah
       1826 -        1862  Sultan Muhammad Hayatuddin Syah
                           Putera
       1862 -        1889  Sultan Muhammad Sadik Syah
       1889 -        1900  vacant
       1900 -        1917* Sultan Muhammad Usman Syah
       1983 - 21 Sep 2009  Gahral Adyan Syah                  (b. ... - d. 2009)
19 Nov 2010 -              Gary Ridwan Syah