Rulers: Kenya

Traditional polities


Note: This record deals with the two major coastal polities (Pate island, with its successor Witu, and Mombasa) and three major polities of the interior (Masai, Nandi, Wanga). Other known polities are very minor and the information is very sketchy.

Pate

1203 Pate sultanate independent from Kilwa Kisiwani 1858 former ruler founds Witu sultanate on mainland after several abortive moves 1870 Pate state extinguished Sultans (styled mfalume in Kiswahili) - Nabahani dynasty - 1779 - 1809 Fumo Madi ibn Abi Bakr 1809 - 1813 Ahmad ibn Shaykh 1813 - 1818 Fumo Luti "Kipunga" ibn Fumo Madi 1818 - 18.. Fumo Luti ibn Ahmad 18.. - 1823 Bwana Shaykh ibn Fumo Madi (1st time) 1823 - 18.. Bwana Waziri ibn Bwana Tamu (1st time) 18.. - 18.. Bwana Shaykh ibn Fumo Madi (2nd time) 18.. - 1830 Bwana Waziri ibn Bwana Tamu (2nd time) 1830 - 1840 Fumo Bakari ibn Shaykh 1840 - 1856 Ahmad ibn Fumo Bakari 1856 - 1858 Ahmad Simba Balla ibn Fumo Luti 1858 - 1870 Shaykh Muhammad (not of Nabahani line)

Witu

27 May 1885 -        1890  German protectorate (Wituland)

Sultans (styled mfalume in Kiswahili)
- Nabahani dynasty -
       1858 -        1888  Ahmad ibn Fumo Bakari
       1888 -        1890  Fumo Bakari ibn Ahmad
       1890 -        1891  Bwana Shaykh ibn Ahmad
       1891 -        1893  Fumo `Umar ibn Ahmad (1st time)
       1893 -  7 Jul 1895  vacant
 7 Jul 1895 -         ...  Fumo `Umar ibn Ahmad (2nd time)

Mombasa

       1502                Mvita (Kiswahili) or Manbasa (Arabic) sultanate
                           independent from Kilwa Kisiwani
       1638                colonized by Portugal
       1698                under Omani sovereignty
       1728                colonized by Portugal
       1729                under Omani sovereignty
       1744                independent
24 Jun 1837                annexed by Zanzibar, later part of Kenya Protectorate
                           (i.e., the coastal strip nominally under
                           Zanzibari sovereignty)
12 Dec 1963                incorporated into independent Kenya

Rulers (title Wali [Liwali in Kiswahili])
- Mazari` (Wamazrui in Kiswahili) dynasty -
       1782 -        1812  Ahmad ibn Muhammad al-Mazru`i      (b. 17... - d. 1814)
       1812 -        1823  `Abd Allah ibn Ahmad al-Mazru`i    (b. ... - d. 1823)
       1823 -        1825  Sulayman ibn `Ali al-Mazru`i
       1825 -    Mar 1835  Salim ibn Ahmad al-Mazru`i         (b. ... - d. 1835)
   Mar 1835 -        1836  Nasur ibn Ahmad al-Mazru`i
       1836 -        1837  Rashid ibn Salim al-Mazru`i        (b. ... - d. 1839)
       1837 - 24 Jun 1837  Khamis ibn Rashid al-Mazru`i       (b. ... - d. af.1861)

Masai

       187.                Masai clans united
       1888                included in British East Africa
       1918                chiefdom abolished by the British authorities

Laibons (after 1904 paramount chiefs)
       187. -        1890  Mbatian                            (b. c.1820 - d. 1890)
       1890 -        1911  Lenana
       1911 -        1918  Segi

Nandi

       184.                Nandi clans united
       1888                included in British East Africa (final submission in 1905)

Orkoiyois
       184. -        186.  Barsabotwo
       18.. -      c.1890  Kimnyole
     c.1890 -         ...  Kuitatee
Both the Laibon and the Orkoiyoi were in origin only chief ritual leaders. Later they also became political and military leaders.

Wanga

       16..                Kingdom of Wanga founded
       1888                included in British East Africa

Kings (title Nabonga)
     c.1850 -      c.1882  Shiunda                            (b. ... - d. c.1882)
     c.1882 -        1926  Mumia                              (b. c.1850 - d. 1948)