Rulers: India

States before 1947 K-W


Kachh (Cutch)

       1270                Kachh state founded

Rulers (title Maharao; hereditary from 1 Jan 1918)
- Jadeja dynasty -
       1698 -        1715  Pragmalji I                        (b. 16... - d. 1715)
       1715 -        1719  Godaji I                           (b. 16... - d. 1719)
       1719 -        1752  Daishalji I                        (b. ... - d. 1752)
       1741 -        1752    Lakhpatji (regent)               (b. 1717 - d. 1761)
       1752 -        1761  Lakhpatji                          (s.a.)
       1761 -        1778  Godaji II                          (b. 1734 - d. 1778)
       1778 -        1786  Rayadhan III (1st time)            (b. 1763 - d. 1813)
       1786 -        1801  Prithvirajsinhji                   (b. 17... - d. 1801)
       1786 -  5 Oct 1813    Fath Mohammad (regent)
       1801 - 30 Oct 1813  Rayadhan III (2nd time)            (s.a.)
   Oct 1813 -        1814    Hosayn Miyan (regent)
 6 Nov 1813 - 25 Mar 1819  Bharmalji II                       (b. 1798 - d. 1846)
25 Mar 1819 - 26 Jul 1860  Daishalji II                       (b. 1814 - d. 1860)
26 Jul 1860 - 19 Dec 1875  Pragmalji II                       (b. 1839 - d. 1875)
19 Dec 1875 - 15 Jan 1942  Khengarji III                      (b. 1866 - d. 1942)
15 Jan 1942 - 15 Aug 1947  Vijayarajji                        (b. 1885 - d. 1948)

Kalahandi

Rajas
- Naga dynasty -
       1693 -        1721  Jugasai Deo III
       1721 -        1747  Khadag Rai Deo
       1747 -        1771  Raisingh Deo III
       1771 -        1796  Purusottam Deo
       1796 -        1831  Jugasai Deo IV
       1831 -        1853  Fateh Narayan Deo
       1853 -        1881  Udit Pratap Deo                    (b. ... - d. 1881)
 7 Apr 1881 - 20 Oct 1897  Raghu Kshor Deo                    (b. ... - d. 1897)
       1897 -        1926  Brij Mohan Deo                     (b. 1896 - d. 1939)
Maharajas
       1926 - 19 Sep 1939  Brij Mohan Deo                     (s.a.)
19 Sep 1939 - 15 Aug 1947  Pratap Kishor Deo                  (b. 1919 - d. af.1977)

Kalsia

     c.1760                Kalsia state founded

Rulers (title Sardar)
     c.1760 -        1783  Gur Bakhsh Singh                   (b. ... - d. 1783)
       1783 -        1818  Jodh Singh                         (b. 1751 - d. 1818)
       1818 - 14 Feb 1858  Sobha Singh                        (b. ... - d. 1858)
       1858 - 19 Feb 1869  Lehna Singh                        (b. ... - d. 1869)
       1869 - 10 Jul 1883  Bishen Singh                       (b. 1854 - d. 1883)
       1883 -        1886  Jagjit Singh                       (b. 1880 - d. 1886)
28 Aug 1886 -        1908  Ranjit Singh                       (b. 1881 - d. 1908)
25 Jul 1908 -        1916  Ravisher Singh                     (b. 1902 - d. 1947)
Raja
       1916 - 15 Aug 1947  Ravisher Singh                     (s.a.)

Kambay (Cambay)

     c.1735                Kambay state founded

Rulers (title Nawab)
     c.1735 -        1742  Ja`far Nizam-e Sani Mu┤min Khan I
       1742 -        1743  Nur ad-Din Muftakher Khan
       1743 -        1784  Najm ad-Dowla Ja`far Mu┤min Khan II
       1784 -        1790  Mohammad Qoli Khan
       1790 - 28 Oct 1823  Fath `Ali Khan
       1823 -        1841  Banda `Ali Khan
       1841 -    Apr 1880  Hosayn Yawar Khan I
       1880 - 21 Jan 1915  Najib ad-Dowla Mumtaz al-Molk
                           Ja`far `Ali Khan                   (b. 1848 - d. 1915)
21 Jan 1915 - 15 Aug 1947  Nizam ad-Dowla Najm ad-Dowla
                           Mumtaz al-Molk Hosayn Yawar
                           Khan II                            (b. 1911)

Kamta Rajaula

Rulers (title Rao)
       1812 -        1873  Gopal Lal
       1873 -        18..  Bharat Prasad
       1892 -        1906* Ram Prasad
       1928 -         ...  Radha Kishan

Kanika

Ruler
       1899 -        1919  Rajendra Narayana Bhanja Deo       (b. 1881 - d. 19...)
                           (personal style Raja 1910)
Raja
       1919 - 15 Aug 1947  Rajendra Narayana Bhanja Deo       (s.a.)

Kanker

    bf.1809                Kanker state founded
       1809 -        1818  occupied by Nagpur

Rajas
 5 Dec 1853 -    May 1903  Narhar Deo
       1903 -  8 Jan 1925  Lal Kamal Deo
 8 Jan 1925 - 15 Aug 1947  Bhanupratap Deo                    (b. 1922)

Kapurthala

       1777                Kapurthala state founded

Rulers (title Sardar)
- Ahluwalia dynasty -
       1777 - 20 Oct 1783  Jassa Singh                        (b. 1718 - d. 1783)
20 Oct 1783 -        1801  Bagh Singh                         (b. 1747 - d. 1801)
Rajas
- Ahluwalia dynasty -
       1801 - 20 Oct 1837  Fateh Singh                        (b. 1784 - d. 1837)
20 Oct 1837 - 13 Sep 1852  Nihal Singh                        (b. 1817 - d. 1852)
13 Sep 1852 - 12 Mar 1861  Randhir Singh                      (b. 1831 - d. 1870)
Rulers (title Raja-i Rajgan)
- Ahluwalia dynasty -
12 Mar 1861 -  2 Apr 1870  Randhir Singh                      (s.a.)
 2 Apr 1870 -  3 Sep 1877  Kharrak Singh                      (b. 1850 - d. 1877)
 3 Sep 1877 - 12 Dec 1911  Jagatjit Singh                     (b. 1872 - d. 1949)
Maharaja
- Ahluwalia dynasty -
12 Dec 1911 - 15 Aug 1947  Jagatjit Singh                     (s.a.)

Karauli

      c.800                Karauli state founded

Maharajas
- Yadava dynasty -
       1772 -        1805  Manik Pal
       1805                Amola Pal
       1805 -        1838  Herbaksh Pal                       (b. c.1792 - d. 18...)
       1838 -        1848  Pratap Pal
       1848 - 10 Jul 1852  Narsingh Pal                       (b. ... - d. 1852)
       1852 -        1854  Bharat Pal
       1854 -        1869  Madan Pal                          (b. ... - d. 1869)
       1869 -    Dec 1875  Jaisingh Pal
       1876 -    Jul 1886  Arjun Pal
       1886 -  3 Aug 1927  Bhanwar Pal                        (b. 1864 - d. 1927)
       1927 -  6 Apr 1947  Bhom Pal                           (b. 1866 - d. 1947)
 6 Apr 1947 - 15 Aug 1947  Ganesh Pal

Karnataka: see Arkat.

Kawardha

       1751                Kawardha state founded

Rulers (title Thakur)
       1751 -         ...  Mahabali Singh
      *1820*               Ujiyar Singh
      *1860*               Baijnath Singh
       186. -        1863  Ram Singh
       1863 -        1864  Bahadur Singh
       1864 -        1891  Rajpal Singh
       1891 -        1920  Jadunath Singh                     (b. 1885 - d. 19...)
 4 Feb 1920 - 15 Aug 1947  Lal Dharamraj Singh                (b. 1910)

Keonjhar

       11..                Keonjhar state founded

Rajas
- Kachhvaha dynasty -
       1794 -        1825  Janardan Bhanj
       1825 -        1861  Gadadhar Narayan Bhanj Deo
                           (personal style Maharaja from 1858)
 4 Sep 1861 - 27 Oct 1905  Dhanurjai Narayan Bhanj Deo
       1905 - 12 Aug 1926  Gopinath Narayan Bhanj Deo         (b. ... - d. 1926)
12 Aug 1926 - 15 Aug 1947  Balbhadra Narayan Bhanj Deo        (b. 1905)

Keonthal

    bf.1800                Keonthal state founded
       1803 -        1814  occupied by Nepal

Rulers (title Rana)
        ... -        1803  Raghunath Sen
       1814 - 24 Jul 1858  Sansar Sen
Rajas
24 Jul 1858 -        1862  Sansar Sen
       1862 -        1882  Mahendra Sen
       1882 -        1901  Balbir Sen
       1901 -        1916  Bije Sen
 2 Feb 1916 - 15 Aug 1947  Hemendra Sen                       (b. 1905)

Khairagarh

       1898                Khairagarh estate recognized as a state

Rajas
       1898 -        1908  Kamal Narayan Singh                (b. 1867 - d. 19...)
       1908 -        1918  Lal Bahadur Singh
22 Oct 1918 - 15 Aug 1947  Birendra Bahadur Singh             (b. 1914)

Khandpara

       16..                Khandpara state founded

Rajas
- Vaghela dynasty -
      *1803*               Bhurbar Rai
       18.. -        18..  Narasimha Singh
       18.. -        18..  Krishna Chandra Singh
       18.. -        1867  Kunja Bihari Singh
28 Feb 1867 -        189.  Natobar Mardraj Bhramarbar Rai
       189. - 26 Dec 1922  Ram Chandra Singh Mardraj
                           Bhramarbar Rai
26 Dec 1922 - 15 Aug 1947  Harihar Singh Deo Mardraj
                           Bhramarbar Rai                     (b. 1914)

Kharsawan

       1857                Kharsawan estate recognized as a state

Rulers (title Thakur)
- Kadamba dynasty -
       1857 -        18..  Gangaram Singh Deo
                           (personal style Raja from 1860)
       18.. -  2 Mar 1889  Raghunath Singh Deo
       1889 -  6 Feb 1902  Mahendra Narayan Singh Deo
 6 Feb 1902 -        1917  Ram Chandra Singh Deo              (b. 1892 - d. 19...)
Raja
       1917 - 15 Aug 1947  Ram Chandra Singh Deo              (s.a.)

Khilchipur

       1544                Khilchipur state founded

Rulers (title Dewan)
- Chauhan dynasty -
      *1770*               Abhai Singh
        ... -        1819  Durjan Sal
       1819                Balwant Singh
       1819 -        1868  Shir Singh                         (b. 1814 - d. 1868)
27 Nov 1868 -        1873  Amar Singh
Rulers (title Rao Bahadur)
- Chauhan dynasty -
       1873 -        1899  Amar Singh
       1899 - 18 Jan 1908  Bhawani Singh
19 Jan 1908 -        1928  Durjan Sal Singh                   (b. 1897 - d. 1942)
Rajas
- Chauhan dynasty -
       1928 -        1942  Durjan Sal Singh                   (s.a.)
       1942 - 15 Aug 1947  Yashodar Singh                     (b. 1918)

Kishangarh

       1611                Kishangarh state founded

Maharajas
- Rathor dynasty -
   Jun 1658 -    Oct 1706  Man Singh                          (b. ... - d. 1706)
   Oct 1706 -    Apr 1748  Raj Singh                          (b. 1674 - d. 1748)
       1748 -        1781  Bahadur Singh                      (b. ... - d. 1781)
       1748 - 21 Aug 1765    Sawant Singh                     (b. 1700 - d. 1765)
                             (in opposition to 1756; from 1756 raja of Roopnagar)
21 Aug 1765 - 16 May 1768    Sardar Singh                     (b. 1730 - d. 1768)
                             (raja of Roopnagar; regent for Sawant 1756-65)
       1781 - 22 Nov 1788  Birad Singh                        (b. 1737 - d. 1788)
22 Nov 1788 -  5 Mar 1798  Pratap Singh                       (b. 1763 - d. 1798)
 5 Mar 1798 - 22 May 1839  Kalyan Singh                       (b. 1794 - d. 1839)
22 May 1839 -  5 Jul 1842  Mohkam Singh                       (b. 1817 - d. 1842)
 5 Jul 1842 - 25 Dec 1879  Prithvi Singh                      (b. 1838 - d. 1879)
25 Dec 1879 - 18 Aug 1900  Sardul Singh                       (b. 1857 - d. 1900)
18 Aug 1900 - 25 Sep 1926  Madan Singh                        (b. 1884 - d. 1926)
   Oct 1926 -  3 Feb 1939  Yagya Narayan Singh                (b. 1896 - d. 1939)
24 Apr 1939 - 15 Aug 1947  Summair Singh                      (b. 1929 - d. 1971)

Koch Bihar (Cooch Behar)

       1250                Kamata state founded
       1510                Koch dynasty gives its name to the state

Rajas
- Koch dynasty -
       1693 -        1714  Rup Narayana                       (b. ... - d. 1714)
       1714 -        1763  Upendra Narayana                   (b. ... - d. 1763)
       1763 -        1765  Debendra Narayana                  (b. 1759 - d. 1765)
       1765 -        1770  Dhairjendra Narayana (1st time)    (b. ... - d. 1783)
       1770 -        1772  Rajendra Narayana                  (b. ... - d. 1773)
       1772 -        1775  Dharendra Narayana                 (b. ... - d. 1775)
       1775 -        1783  Dhairjendra Narayana (2nd time)    (s.a.)
       1783 - 29 Jul 1839  Harendra Narayana                  (b. 1780 - d. 1839)
       1836 -        1839    Bajendra Narayana (1st time)     (b. ... - d. 1857)
                             (regent)
29 Jul 1839 - 23 Aug 1847  Shivendra Narayana                 (b. 1776 - d. 1847)
30 Mar 1847 -        1857    Bajendra Narayana (2nd time)     (s.a.)
                             (regent)
23 Aug 1847 -  6 Aug 1863  Narendra Narayana                  (b. 1841 - d. 1863)
 6 Aug 1863 - 16 Oct 1884  Nripendra Narayana                 (b. 1862 - d. 1911)
                           (personal style Maharaja 25 Feb 1880)
Maharajas
- Koch dynasty -
16 Oct 1884 - 18 Sep 1911  Nripendra Narayana                 (s.a.)
18 Sep 1911 -  1 Sep 1913  Rajendra Narayana                  (b. 1882 - d. 1913)
 1 Sep 1913 - 20 Dec 1922  Jitendra Narayana                  (b. 1886 - d. 1922)
20 Dec 1922 - 15 Aug 1947  Jagaddipendra Narayana             (b. 1915 - d. 1970)
20 Dec 1922 -  6 Apr 1936    Indira Devi Sahiba (f) (regent)  (b. 1892 - d. 1968)

Kochin (Cochin)

    bf.1500                Perumpadappu (Kochin) state founded

Rulers (title Maharaja Gangadhara Koviladhi Karikal)
- Perumal dynasty -
       1790 -        1805  Ramavarma IX "Saktan Tampuran"     (b. ... - d. 1805)
       1805 -        1809  Ramavarma X                        (b. ... - d. 1809)
       1809 -        1828  Keralavarma III "Virulam Tampuran" (b. ... - d. 1828)
       1828 -        1837  Ramavarma XI                       (b. ... - d. 1837)
       1837 -        1844  Ramavarma XII                      (b. ... - d. 1844)
       1844 -        1851  Ramavarma XIII                     (b. ... - d. 1851)
       1851 -        1853  Keralavarma IV                     (b. ... - d. 1853)
16 May 1853 -        1864  Ravivarma IV                       (b. ... - d. 1864)
28 Mar 1864 -        1888  Ramavarma XIV                      (b. 1848 - d. 1888)
       1888 - 10 Sep 1895  Keralavarma V                      (b. 1846 - d. 1895)
23 Oct 1895 -  7 Dec 1914  Ramavarma XV                       (b. 1852 - d. 1932)
21 Jan 1915 - 25 Mar 1932  Ramavarma XVI                      (b. 1858 - d. 1932)
25 Mar 1932 - 23 May 1941  Ramavarma XVII                     (b. 1861 - d. 1941)
       1941 - 13 Oct 1943  Keralavarma VI                     (b. 1863 - d. 1943)
21 Dec 1943 -  1 Feb 1946  Ravivarma V                        (b. 1865 - d. 1946)
       1946 - 15 Aug 1947  Keralavarma VII                    (b. 1870 - d. 1948)

Kodagu (Coorg)

middle ages                Kodagu (Coorg) state in the southern Dekkan founded
       1780 -        1788  occupied by Mahisur (Mysore)
       1834                state extinguished and annexed to British India

Rajas
- Changalva dynasty -
       1788 -    Jun 1809  Virarajendra I Udaiyar
       1809 -        1811  Devammaji (f)
       1811 -        1820  Lingaraja II Udaiyar
       1820 -        1834  Cikka Virarajendra II Udaiyar

Kolhapur

       1710                former ruler Shivaji II of Satara founds Kolhapur state

Rulers (titles Raja, Chhatrapati)
- Bhonsle dynasty -
       1710 -  2 Aug 1714  Shivaji I                          (b. 1696 - d. 1726)
 2 Aug 1714 - 20 Dec 1760  Shambhuji II                       (b. 1698 - d. 1760)
20 Dec 1760 - 17 Feb 1773  Rani Jijibai (f) (regent)          (b. 1716 - d. 1773)
22 Sep 1762 - 24 Apr 1813  Shivaji II                         (b. 1756 - d. 1813)
24 Apr 1813 -  2 Jul 1821  Shambhuji III "Appa Sahib"         (b. 1801 - d. 1821)
 2 Jul 1821 -  3 Jan 1822  Shivaji III                        (b. 1816 - d. 1822)
 3 Jan 1822 - 29 Nov 1838  Shahaji I "Baba Sahib"             (b. 1802 - d. 1838)
29 Nov 1838 -  4 Aug 1866  Shivaji IV                         (b. 1830 - d. 1866)
 4 Aug 1866 - 30 Nov 1870  Rajaram I Nagaji Rao               (b. 1850 - d. 1870)
12 Oct 1871 - 25 Dec 1883  Shivaji V Chhatrapati Narayana Rao (b. 1863 - d. 1883)
                           (personal style Maharaja)
17 Mar 1884 - 24 May 1900  Shahaji II Chhatrapati Jashwant
                           Rao "Baba Sahib"                   (b. 1874 - d. 1922)
Maharajas
- Bhonsle dynasty -
24 May 1900 -  6 May 1922  Shahaji II Chhatrapati Jashwant
                           Rao "Baba Sahib"                   (s.a.)
 6 May 1922 - 26 Nov 1940  Rajaram II Chhatrapati             (b. 1897 - d. 1940)
26 Nov 1940 - 13 Jul 1942  ...
13 Jul 1942 - 31 Mar 1947  Tarabai Sahib Chhatrapati (f)      (b. 1904)
                           (regent)
18 Nov 1942 - 28 Sep 1946  Shivaji VI Chhatrapati             (b. 1941 - d. 1946)
- Ponwar dynasty -
31 Mar 1947 - 15 Aug 1947  Shahaji III Chhatrapati            (b. 1910 - d. 1983)
                           (= Maharaja Vikramasimha Rao Puar of Dewas [Senior Branch])

Korea

Rajas
- Chauhan dynasty -
      *1819*               Gharib Singh Deo
      *1848*               Amole Singh Deo
 4 Apr 1864 -        1897  Pran Singh Deo
       1897 -        1909  Sheo Mangal Singh Deo
       1909 - 15 Aug 1947  Ramanuj Pratap Singh Deo           (b. 1901 - d. 1954)

Kot Kapura: see under Faridkot.

Kota (Kotah)

       1631                Kota state secedes from Bundi

Rulers (title Maharao)
- Hara Chauhan dynasty -
       1685 -        1707  Ram Singh I                        (b. 16... - d. 1707)
       1707 - 19 Jun 1720  Bhim Singh I                       (b. ... - d. 1720)
       1720 -        1724  Arjun Singh                        (b. ... - d. 1724)
       1724 -        1756  Durjan Sal                         (b. ... - d. 1756)
       1756 -        1759  Ajit Singh                         (b. bf.1679 - d. 1759)
       1759 -        1766  Chhatar Sal I                      (b. ... - d. 1766)
       1766 -        1771  Guman Singh                        (b. ... - d. 1771)
28 Jan 1771 - 19 Nov 1819  Umaid Singh I                      (b. 17... - d. 1819)
30 Nov 1819 -  2 Jul 1827  Kishor Singh II                    (b. c.1781 - d. 1827)
       1827 - 27 Mar 1866  Ram Singh II                       (b. ... - d. 1866)
28 Mar 1866 - 11 Jun 1889  Chhatar Sal II                     (b. ... - d. 1889)
       1889 - 27 Dec 1940  Umaid Singh II                     (b. 1873 - d. 1940)
27 Dec 1940 - 15 Aug 1947  Bhim Singh II                      (b. 1909 - d. 1991)

Kumharsain

    bf.1500                Kumharsain state founded
       1803 -        1816  occupied by Nepal
       1839 -        1840  occupied by British India

Rulers (title Rana)
        ... -        1803  Kehar Singh (1st time)
       1816 -        1839  Kehar Singh (2nd time)
       1840 -        1858  Pritam Singh
       1858 -        1874  Bhawani Singh
       1874 -        1914  Hira Singh
24 Aug 1914 - 15 Aug 1947  Vidyadhar Singh                    (b. 1895 - d. ...)

Kunihar

    bf.1800                Kunihar state founded
       1803 -        1815  occupied by Nepal

Rulers (title Thakur)
       1815 -        1816  Mungri Das
       1816 -        1866  Kishen Singh
       1866 -        1905  Tegh Singh
       1905 - 15 Aug 1947  Hardev Singh

Kurandvad (Kurundwad Senior Branch)

       1733                Kurandvad state founded
 5 Apr 1854                Kurandvad state split into Senior Branch and Junior Branch

Rulers (title Rao)
- Patwardhan dynasty -
       1733 -        1771  Trimbakrao I "Appa Sahib
                           Patwardhan"                        (b. ... - d. 1771)
       1771                Nilkanthrao "Dada Sahib
                           Patwardhan"                        (b. 1726 - d. ...)
       1771 -        1801  Raghunathrao "Dada Sahib
                           Patwardhan"                        (b. 1750 - d. 1801)
       18.. -        18..  Trimbakrao II "Appa Sahib
                           Patwardhan"
       18.. -        1827  Keshavrao "Baba Sahib Patwardhan"  (b. ... - d. 1827)
       1827 -        1876  Raghunathrao Keshavrao
                           "Dada Sahib Patwardhan"            (b. 1812 - d. ...)
25 Jan 1876 - 16 Feb 1908  Chintamanrao Raghunathrao
                           "Bala Sahib Patwardhan"            (b. 1849 - d. 19...)
16 Feb 1908 - 10 Sep 1927  Bhalchandrarao Chintamanrao
                           "Anna Sahib Patwardhan"            (b. 1873 - d. 1927)
       1927 -        1942  Sitabai Sahib Bhalchandrarao
                           "Mai Sahib" (f)                    (b. 1901 - d. 1969)
       1942 - 15 Aug 1947  Chintamanrao Bhalchandrarao
                           "Bala Sahib Patwardhan"            (b. 1921 - d. 1980)

Kurandvad (Kurundwad Junior Branch)

 5 Apr 1854                Senior and Junior branches split the state

Rulers (title Rao) (often ruling jointly)
- Patwardhan dynasty -
 5 Apr 1854 -        1869  Trimbakrao
 5 Apr 1854 -        18..  Vinayakrao
 5 Apr 1854 -        1899  Ganpatrao Hariharrao
       18.. -        1911  Hariharrao Vinayakrao
29 Jul 1899 -        1931  Madhavrao Ganpatrao
                           "Bhav Sahib Patwardhan"            (b. 1875 - d. 19...)
       1911 -        1932  Vinayakrao Hariharrao
                           "Nana Sahib Patwardhan"            (b. ... - d. 1932)
       1932 -        1943  Ganpatrao Madhavrao
                           "Bapu Sahib Patwardhan"
       1943 - 15 Aug 1947  Ganpatrao Trimbakrao
                           "Tatya Sahib Patwardhan"

Kurwai

       1730                Kurwai state founded

Rulers (title Nawab)
       1730 -        175.  Mohammad Dalal Khan
       175. -         ...  Mohammad `Izzat Khan
        ... -        1820  Hormat Khan
       1820 -        1843  Mohammad Akbar Khan
       1843 -        1858  Mohammad Mozaffar Khan
       1858 -        1887  Mohammad Najjaf Khan
15 Jan 1887 -        1896  Monawar `Ali Khan
       1896 -  1 Oct 1906  Mohammad Ya`qub `Ali Khan
       1906 - 15 Aug 1947  Mohammad Sarwar `Ali Khan          (b. 1901 - d. 1986)

Kuthar

    bf.1700                Kuthar state founded
       1803 -        1815  occupied by Nepal

Rulers (title Rana)
        ... -        1803  Gopal Singh
       1815 -        1858  Bhup Singh
       1858 -        1896  Jai Chand
       1896 -        1930  Jagjit Chand
       1930 - 15 Aug 1947  Krishna Chand                      (b. 1905)

Lakhtar

       1604                Lakhtar state founded

Rulers (title Thakur Sahib)
      *1914 -        1924  Karansinhji Vajirajji              (b. 1846 - d. 19...)
       1924 -        1940  Balvirsinhji Karansinhji
 2 Jul 1940 - 15 Aug 1947  Indrasinhji Balvirsinhji           (b. 1907)

Lathi

     c.1260                Lathi state founded

Rulers
- Guhilot dynasty -
        ... -        1878  Sursinhji
 4 Nov 1878 -        189.  Takhtsinhji Sursinhji
       189. - 14 Oct 1918  Pratapsinhji
14 Oct 1918 - 15 Aug 1947  Prahladsinhji                      (b. 1912)

Limbdi

     c.1500                Limbdi state founded

Rulers (title Thakur Sahib)
- Jhala dynasty -
        ... -        1862  Fatehsinhji
30 Jan 1862 - 26 Apr 1907  Jashwantsinhji Fatehsinhji         (b. 1859 - d. 1907)
14 Aug 1908 - 30 Sep 1940  Daulatsinhji Jashwantsinhji        (b. 1868 - d. 1940)
 6 Jan 1941 - 15 Aug 1947  Chhatar Sal Sinhji                 (b. 1904)

Loharu

       1806                Loharu state founded

Rulers (title Nawab)
       1806 -        1825  Ahmad Bakhsh Khan                  (b. 1765 - d. 1827)
       1825 - 27 Feb 1869  Aminuddin Ahmad Khan               (b. 1812 - d. 1869)
27 Feb 1869 - 31 Oct 1884  Allauddin Ahmad Khan               (b. 1833 - d. 1884)
31 Oct 1884 -    Apr 1920  Amiruddin Ahmad Khan               (b. 1860 - d. 1937)
   Apr 1920 - 30 Oct 1926  Aizuddin Ahmad Khan                (b. 1885 - d. 1926)
30 Oct 1926 - 15 Aug 1947  Aminuddin Ahmad Khan               (b. 1911 - d. 1983)

Lunavada

       1434                Lunavada state founded

Rulers (title Rana)
- Solanki dynasty -
      *1803*               Partab Singh
      *1812 -        1819* Fateh Singh
       18.. -        1852  Dalpat Singh
       1852 -    Jun 1867  Dalil Singh
31 Oct 1867 - 27 Apr 1929  Wakhat Singh Dalil Singh           (b. 1860 - d. 1929)
       1929 - 15 Aug 1947  Virbhadra Singh Ranjit Singh       (b. 1910 - d. 1986)

Mahisur (Mysore)

    bf.1350                Mahisur (Mysore) state founded
   Jan 1786 -  4 May 1799  Tipu Sultan establishes Khuda-Dad state, independent
                           of Mughal Empire, with himself as ruler, styled Padshah
25 Jun 1799                Mahisur state restored
       1834 - 25 Mar 1881  part of British India
15 Aug 1947                accedes conditionally to India
28 Jun 1949                accedes fully to India

Maharajas
- Wodeyar dynasty -
11 Feb 1673 - 16 Nov 1704  Chikka Devaraja Wodeyar            (b. 1645 - d. 1704)
16 Nov 1704 - 18 Feb 1714  Narasaraja II Wodeyar              (b. 1672 - d. 1714)
18 Feb 1714 -  5 Mar 1732  Krishnaraja I Wodeyar              (b. 1702 - d. 1732)
19 Mar 1732 - 10 Jun 1734  Chamaraja VII Wodeyar              (b. 1704 - d. 1734)
       1734 - 25 Apr 1766  Krishnaraja II Wodeyar             (b. 1728 - d. 1766)
25 Apr 1766 -  2 Aug 1770  Nanjaraja Wodeyar                  (b. 1748 - d. 1770)
 2 Aug 1770 - 16 Sep 1776  Chamaraja VIII Wodeyar             (b. 1759 - d. 1776)
27 Sep 1776 -    Jan 1786  Chamaraja IX Wodeyar               (b. 1774 - d. 1796)
25 Jun 1799 - 27 Mar 1868  Mummadi Krishnaraja III Wodeyar    (b. 1794 - d. 1868)
       1799 - 23 Dec 1811    Dewan Purnaiya (regent)
27 Mar 1868 - 28 Dec 1894  Jaina Chamarajendra Wodeyar        (b. 1863 - d. 1894)
28 Dec 1894 -  3 Aug 1940  Krishnaraja IV Wodeyar             (b. 1884 - d. 1940)
 3 Aug 1940 - 28 Jun 1949  Jayachamarajendra Wodeyar          (b. 1919 - d. 1974)

British residents
22 Jul 1799 -    Mar 1801  Sir Barry Close                    (b. 17... - d. 1813)
31 Mar 1801 -  1 Feb 1803  Josiah M.C.S. Webbe (1st time)     (b. 1768 - d. 1804)
23 Oct 1803 -  1 Feb 1804  Josiah M.C.S. Webbe (2nd time)     (s.a.)
   Apr 1804 -    Nov 1804  Mark Wilks                         (b. 1760? - d. 1831)
   Nov 1804 -    Mar 1805  Sir John Malcolm (1st time)        (b. 1769 - d. 1833)
   Apr 1807 -    Feb 1808  Sir John Malcolm (2nd time)        (s.a.)
       1809 -        1812  Arthur H. Cole (1st time)          (b. 1780 - d. 1844)
       1818 -        1827  Arthur H. Cole (2nd time)          (s.a.)
   Oct 1834 -    Jan 1836  James Stuart Fraser                (b. 1783 - d. 1869)
19 Jan 1836 - 31 Dec 1842  R.D. Stokes
Chief commissioners
       1834 -        1861  Mark Cubbon (from 1859, Sir Mark
                           Cubbon)                            (b. 1784 - d. 1861)
       1862 -        1870  Lewin Bentham Bowring              (b. 1824 - d. 1910)
       1870 -        1875  Sir Richard John Meade             (b. 1821 - d. 1894)
       1875 -        1876  Sir Robert Anstruther Dalyell      (b. 1831 - d. 1890)
       1876 -        1878  Charles Burslem Saunders           (b. 1821 - d. 1888)
       1878 - 25 Mar 1881  Sir James Davidson Gordon          (b. 1835 - d. 1889)
Residents
25 Mar 1881 -        1883  Sir James Davidson Gordon          (s.a.)
       1883 -        1887  Sir James Broadwood Lyall          (b. 1838 - d. 1916)
       1887                Sir Dennis Fitzpatrick             (b. 1837 - d. 1920)
       1887 -        1889  Sir Harry North Dalrymple
                           Prendergast (1st time)             (b. 1834 - d. 1913)
       1889 -        1891  Sir Oliver Beauchamp Coventry
                           St. John                           (b. 1837 - d. 1891)
       1891 -        1892  Sir Harry North Dalrymple
                           Prendergast (2nd time)             (s.a.)
       1892 -        1895  Philip Durham Henderson            (b. 1840 - d. 1918)
       1895                Sir William Lee-Warner             (b. 1846 - d. 1912)
       1895 -        1896  William Mackworth Young            (b. 1840 - d. 1924)
       1896 -        1903  Sir Donald Robertson               (b. 1847 - d. 1930)
       1903 -        1905  Sir James Austin Bourdillon        (b. 1848 - d. 1913)
       1905 -        1910  Sir Stuart Mitford Fraser          (b. 1864 - d. 1963)
       1910 -        1916  Sir Hugh Daly                      (b. 1860 - d. 1939)
       1916 -        1920  Henry Venn Cobb                    (b. 1864 - d. 1949)
       1920 -        1925  William Pell Barton                (b. 1871 - d. 1956)
       1925 -        1930  Steuart Edmund Pears               (b. 1875 - d. 1931)
       1930 -        1933  Richard John Charles Burke         (b. 1878 - d. 1960)
       1933 -        1937  Charles Terence Chichele Plowden   (b. 1883 - d. 1956)
       1937 -        1941  John de la Hay Gordon              (b. 1887 - d. 1959)
       1941 -        1944  Sir Denholm de Montalt Fraser      (b. 1889 - d. 1956)
       1944 -        1946  Sir Philip Gaisford                (b. 1891 - d. 1973)
       1946 -        1947  Sir Walter Fendall Campbell        (b. 1894 - d. 1973)

Mahlog

    bf.1600                Mahlog state founded
       1803 -        1815  occupied by Nepal

Rulers (title Thakur)
        ... -        1801  Nahar Chand                        (b. ... - d. 1801)
       1801 -        1803  Sansar Chand (1st time)            (b. ... - d. 1849)
       1815 -        1849  Sansar Chand (2nd time)            (s.a.)
       1849 -        1880  Dhalip Chand                       (b. 1829 - d. 1880)
       1880 - 16 Sep 1902  Raghunath Chand                    (b. 186... - d. 1902)
                           (personal style Rana)
       1902 - 16 Dec 1934  Durga Chand                        (b. 1898 - d. 1934)
       1934 - 15 Aug 1947  Narindar Chand                     (b. 1921 - d. 2011)

Mahratta states

16 Jun 1674                Shivaji Bhonsle secedes from Mughal Empire and creates
                           a Mahratta (Maharashtra) empire; a branch of the Bhonsle
                           family displaces an earlier lineage in Tanjur (Tanjore)
14 Apr 1680                Shivaji dies, and his lineage maintains an increasingly
                           tenuous paramountcy over the Mahratta chiefs, ruling
                           directly over a district centred at Satara; the "chief
                           minister," styled peshwa, soon governs a quasi-independent
                           polity
       1731                the Mahratta states of Baroda, Gwalior, and Indaur (Indore)
                           become de facto independent
       1743                the Mahratta state of Nagpur becomes de facto independent
20 Oct 1799                Tanjur (Tanjore), with the exception of the capital
                           fortress, is annexed to British India
 3 Jun 1818                the "Peshwa's Dominions" are annexed to British India
 1 May 1849                Satara, the site of the Mahratta paramount ruler, is
                           annexed to British India
11 Dec 1853                Nagpur is annexed to British India
30 Oct 1855                Tanjur (Tanjore) fortress is annexed to British India

Satara

Rulers (title Maharaja Chatrapati)
- Bhonsle dynasty -
11 Mar 1689 -  3 Mar 1700  Rajaram I                          (b. 1670 - d. 1700)
 3 Mar 1700 - 12 Oct 1707  Shivaji II                         (b. 1696 - d. 1726)
12 Oct 1707 - 15 Dec 1749  Shahuji I                          (b. 1689 - d. 1749)
15 Dec 1749 - 11 Dec 1777  Rajaram II                         (b. 1726 - d. 1777)
11 Dec 1777 -  3 May 1808  Shahuji II "Appa Sahib"            (b. ... - d. 1808)
 3 May 1808 -  5 Sep 1839  Pratapsinha "Bowa Sahib"           (b. 1793 - d. 1847)
 5 Sep 1839 -  5 Apr 1848  Shahuji III "Appa Sahib"           (b. 1802 - d. 1848)
 5 Apr 1848 -  1 May 1849  Venkatji "Bowa Sahib"              (b. ... - d. 1864)

"The Peshwa's Dominions"

Peshwa
- Bhat dynasty -
 6 Dec 1796 -  3 Jun 1818  Bajirao II                         (b. ... - d. 1853)

Nagpur

Rulers (title Maharaja Sena Sahib Subah)
- Bhonsle dynasty -
       1775 - 22 Mar 1816  Raghuji II
       1775 -        1788    Mudhoji I (regent)
       1816                Parsoji "Bala Sahib Parsharam"
       1816 - 15 Mar 1818  Mudhoji II "Appa Sahib"
26 Jun 1818 - 11 Dec 1853  Raghuji III

Tanjur (Tanjore)

Rajas
- Bhonsle dynasty -
       1684 -        1712  Shahji                             (b. 1672 - d. 1712)
       1712 -        1729  Sarfoji I                          (b. 1679 - d. 1729)
       1729 -        1736  Tukoji                             (b. 1677 - d. 1736)
       1736 -        1737  Venkoji II                         (b. 1694 - d. 1737)
       1737 -        1740  Pratap (1st time)                  (b. ... - d. 1763)
       1737 -        1740    Rani Sijan Bai (f) (regent)
       1740 -        1741  Shahuji                            (b. ... - d. 1741)
       1741 - 16 Dec 1763  Pratap (2nd time)                  (s.a.)
16 Dec 1763 -        1787  Tuljaji                            (b. 1738 - d. 1787)
                           (British prisoner 16 Sep 1773 - 11 Apr 1776)
       1787 -        1793  Sarabhoji II = Sarfoji II
                           (1st time)                         (b. 17... - d. 1832)
       1793 -        1798  Amir                               (b. ... - d. 1802)
       1798 -  7 Mar 1832  Sarabhoji II = Sarfoji II
                           (2nd time)                         (s.a.)
 7 Mar 1832 - 30 Oct 1855  Shivaji                            (b. ... - d. 1855)

Maihar

       1778                Maihar state founded

Rulers (title Thakur)
- Kachhvaha dynasty -
       1778 -        1788  Beni Singh                         (b. ... - d. 1788)
       1788 -         ...  Rajdhar Singh
        ... -        1826  Durjan Singh                       (b. ... - d. 1826)
       1826 -        1850  Bishan Singh
       1850 -        1852  Mohan Prasad
       1852 -        1869  Raghubir Singh
Rajas
- Kachhvaha dynasty -
       1869 -        1908  Raghubir Singh
       1908 -        1910  Jagubir Singh
       1910 -    Dec 1911  Randhir Singh
16 Dec 1911 - 15 Aug 1947  Brijnath Singh                     (b. 1896 - d. ...)

Makrai

Rajas (title from 1899 Raja Hathiya Rai)
        ... -        1866  Devi Shah
 5 Dec 1866 -        1911  Lachhu Shah
       1911 -        1918  Chhatrasal Shah
30 Oct 1918 - 17 Apr 1929  Drigpal Shah                       (b. 1918)
       1929 - 15 Aug 1947  Todar Shah

Maler Kotla

       1657                Maler Kotla state founded

Rulers (title Nawab)
       1672 -        1712  Sher Muhammad Khan Bahadur         (b. 1640 - d. 1712)
       1712 -        1717  Ghulam Husain Khan                 (b. ... - d. 1734)
       1717 -        1762  Jamal Khan                         (b. ... - d. 1762)
       1762 -     1763/64  Bhikan Khan                        (b. ... - d. 1763/64)
       1764 -        1766  Khan Sahib Khan Bahadur Khan       (b. ... - d. 1766)
       1766 -  1 Nov 1780  Khan Sahib Umar Khan               (b. ... - d. 1780)
 1 Nov 1780 -    Apr 1784  Khan Sahib Asadullah Khan          (b. ... - d. 1784)
   Apr 1784 - 14 Aug 1809  Khan Ataullah Khan                 (b. ... - d. 1809)
14 Aug 1809 -  4 Sep 1821  Muhammad Wazir `Ali Khan           (b. 17... - d. 1821)
 4 Sep 1821 -  8 Apr 1846  Amir `Ali Khan Bahadur             (b. ... - d. 1846)
 8 Apr 1846 - 25 Nov 1857  Mahbub `Ali Khan Bahadur
                           "Sube Khan"                        (b. ... - d. 1857)
25 Nov 1857 - 16 Jul 1871  Eskandar `Ali Khan Bahadur         (b. ... - d. 1871)
16 Jul 1871 - 23 Aug 1908  Mohammad Ebrahim `Ali Khan         (b. 1857 - d. 1908)
23 Aug 1908 - 15 Aug 1947  Ahmad `Ali Khan Shirwani           (b. 1881 - d. 1947)

Manavadar

    bf.1800                Bantva-Manavadar state founded
   Sep 1947                accedes to Pakistan
15 Feb 1948                rescinds accession to Pakistan, accedes to India

Khans
        ... -        1918  Fath ad-Din Khan Ghazafar Khan
       1918 - 15 Feb 1948  Mo`in ad-Din Gholam Khan

Mandi

     c.1290                Rana of Banglaor succeeds to Siokot state
     c.1530                new capital Mandi founded; state takes name from capital

Rajas
- Chanda Bansi dynasty -
       1684 -        1727  Sidhi Sen                          (b. c.1627 - d. 1727)
       1727 -        1750  Shiv Joala
       1750 -        1781  Shamsher Sen                       (b. ... - d. 1781)
       1781 -        1788  Gurma Sen
       1788 -        1826  Ishvari Sen                        (b. 1776 - d. 1826)
       1826 -    Jun 1839  Zalim Sen                          (b. ... - d. 1839)
       1839 - 26 Jan 1851  Balbir Sen                         (b. c.1817 - d. 1851)
26 Jan 1851 - 10 Dec 1902  Bijai Sen                          (b. 1846 - d. 1902)
10 Dec 1902 -    Nov 1903  vacant
   Nov 1903 -  9 Feb 1912  Bhawani Sen                        (b. 1883 - d. 1912)
 9 Feb 1912 - 28 Apr 1913  vacant
28 Apr 1913 - 15 Aug 1947  Jogindar Sen                       (b. 1904 - d. 1986)

Mangal

    bf.1800                Mangal state founded
       1803 -        1815  occupied by Nepal

Rulers (title Rana)
       1815 -        18..  Bahadur Singh
       18.. -        1844  Prithvi Singh
       1844                Jodha Singh
       1844 -        1892  Jit Singh
       1892 -        1920  Tilak Singh
       1920 - 15 Aug 1947  Sheo Singh

Manipur

         35                Manipur state founded
       1819 -        1825  occupied by Burma
15 Oct 1949                accedes to India

Rajas
       1714 -        1749* Gharib Nawaz
      *1762*               Jai Singh
       1799 -        1801  Harshachandra = Rohinchandra       (b. ... - d. 1801)
       1801 -        1806  Moduchandra                        (b. ... - d. 1806)
       1806 -        1812  Charajit Singh                     (b. ... - d. 1812)
       1812 -        1819  Marjit Singh                       (b. ... - d. 1824)
       1819 -        1823  Shubol (under Burma)
       1823 -        1825  Pitambara Singh (under Burma)
26 Jun 1825 -        1834  Ganavira Singh                     (b. ... - d. 1834)
       1834 -        1844  Chandrakirti Singh (1st time)      (b. 1831 - d. 1886)
       1844 - 10 Apr 1850  Nara Singh                         (b. ... - d. 1850)
       1850                Devendra Singh                     (b. ... - d. 1871)
       1850 -    May 1886  Chandrakirti Singh (2nd time)      (s.a.)
       1886 - 24 Sep 1890  Surachandra Singh                  (b. ... - d. 1890)
       1890 - 19 Apr 1891  Kulachandra Singh                  (b. ... - d. 1891)
18 Sep 1891 -        1918  Churachandra Singh                 (b. 1885 - d. 1941)
Maharajas
       1918 -  7 Nov 1941  Churachandra Singh                 (s.a.)
       1941 - 15 Oct 1949  Bodhachandra Singh                 (b. 1909 - d. 1955)

Chief ministers 15 Jul 1947 - 14 Aug 1947 Francis Fenwick Pearson (b. 1911 - d. 1991) 14 Aug 1947 - 15 Oct 1949 M.K. Priyobrata Singh (b. 1911 - d. 2005)

Mayurbhanj

    bf.1700                Mayurbhanj state founded

Rulers
- Bhanja dynasty -
      *1803 -        1811  Sumitra Devi (f)
       1811 -        182.  Tribikram Bhanj
       182. -        18..  Jadunath Bhanj
Rajas
- Bhanja dynasty -
       18.. -        18..  Jadunath Bhanj
      *1866*               Shrinath Bhanj
      *1878 -        1882  Krishnachandra Bhanj               (b. ... - d. 1882)
29 May 1882 -        1910  Ramchandra Bhanj Deo               (b. 1871 - d. 1913)
Maharajas
- Bhanja dynasty -
       1910 - 22 Feb 1913  Ramchandra Bhanj Deo               (s.a.)
       1913 - 20 Apr 1928  Purnachandra Bhanj Deo             (b. ... - d. 1928)
23 Apr 1928 - 15 Apr 1947  Pratapchandra Bhanj Deo            (b. 1901 - d. 1968)

Mewar: see Udaipur.

Miraj (Miraj Senior Branch)

    bf.1750                Miraj state founded
       1820                Miraj state split between Senior Branch and Junior Branch

Rulers (title Rao)
- Patwardhan dynasty -
      *1820 -        1833  Ganpatrao I
       1833 -        1875  Ganpatrao II "Tatya Sahib
                           Patwardhan"
 6 Jun 1875 -        1939  Gangadhar Rao II "Bala Sahib
                           Patwardhan"                        (b. 1866 - d. 19...)
11 Dec 1939 - 15 Aug 1947  Narayan Rao "Jatya Sahib
                           Patwardhan"                        (b. 1898 - d. ...)

Miraj (Miraj Junior Branch)

Rulers (title Rao)
- Patwardhan dynasty -
       1820 -        1845  Madhav Rao I
       1845 -        1876  Lakshman Rao I
       1876 -        1877  Harihar Rao
       1877 -  7 Feb 1899  Lakshman Rao II "Abna Sahib
                           Patwardhan"                        (b. ... - d. 1899)
16 Dec 1899 - 15 Aug 1947  Madhav Rao II Harihar Rao
                           "Baba Sahib Patwardhan"            (b. 1889 - d. 19...)

Morasa: see under Idar.

Morvi

       1698                Morvi state founded

Rulers (title Thakur Sahib)
- Jadeja dynasty -
       1698 -        1733  Kanyojisinghji Rawaji              (b. ... - d. 1733)
       1733 -        1739  Aliyaji Kanyoji                    (b. ... - d. 1739)
       1739 -        1764  Rawaji I                           (b. ... - d. 1764)
       1764 -        1772  Pachanji Rawaji                    (b. ... - d. 1772)
       1772 -        1783  Waghji I Pachanji                  (b. ... - d. 1783)
       1783 -        1790  Hamirji Waghji                     (b. ... - d. 1790)
       1790 -        1828  Jyaji Waghji                       (b. ... - d. 1828)
       1828 -        1846  Prithirajji Jyaji                  (b. ... - d. 1846)
       1846 - 17 Feb 1870  Rawaji II Prithirajji              (b. ... - d. 1870)
17 Feb 1870 - 11 Jun 1922  Waghji II Rawaji                   (b. 1858 - d. 1922)
11 Jun 1922 -  3 Jun 1926  Lakhdirji Waghji                   (b. 1876 - d. 1957)
Ruler (title Thakur Sahib Maharaja)
- Jadeja dynasty -
 3 Jun 1926 - 15 Aug 1947  Lakhdirji Waghji                   (s.a.)

Mudhol

    bf.1815                Mudhol state founded

Rajas
- Bhonsle dynasty, Gorpade lineage -
        ... -        1815  Narayanrao
       1815 -        1853  Venkatrao I
       1853 -        1861  Balwantrao Venkatrao
27 Mar 1862 -    Jul 1900  Venkatrao II Balwantrao "Bala
                           Sahib"
       1900 - 14 Nov 1937  Malojirao Venkatrao "Nana Sahib"   (b. 1884 - d. 19...)
   Nov 1937 - 15 Aug 1947  Bhairav Singh                      (b. 1929 - d. 1984)

Muhammadgarh

       1842                Muhammadgarh state formed from parts of Basoda and Kurwai

Rulers (title Nawab)
       1842 -        1896  Hafiz Qoli Khan
       1896 -        1909  Hatim Qoli Khan
       1909 -        1947  Siddiq Qoli Khan
       1947 - 15 Aug 1947  Mohammad Sabir Qoli Khan

Mysore: see Mahisur.

Nabha

       1652                Nabha state founded

Rajas
- Phulkian dynasty -
       1755 -    Dec 1783  Hamir Singh                        (b. ... - d. 1783)
       1783 - 22 May 1840  Jashwant Singh                     (b. 1775 - d. 1840)
       1840 -        1846  Deoindar Singh                     (b. 1822 - d. 1865)
       1847 -  9 Nov 1863  Bharpur Singh                      (b. 1840 - d. 1863)
       1863 -    May 1871  Bhagwan Singh                      (b. 1842 - d. 1871)
 9 Jun 1871 -        1911  Hira Singh                         (b. 1843 - d. 1911)
Maharajas
- Phulkian dynasty -
       1911 - 25 Dec 1911  Hira Singh                         (s.a.)
24 Jan 1912 - 19 Feb 1928  Ripudaman Singh                    (b. 1883 - d. 1943)
23 Feb 1928 - 15 Aug 1947  Pratap Singh                       (b. 1919 - d. 1995)

Nagodh

       1344                Nagodh state founded

Rajas
- Parihar dynasty -
       1809 -        1818  Lal Sheoraj Singh
       1818 -        1831  Balbhadra Singh
       1831 -        1874  Raghubindh Singh
23 Feb 1874 -        1922  Jadubindh Singh
       1922 - 26 Feb 1926  Narharendra Singh
26 Feb 1926 - 15 Aug 1947  Mahendra Singh                     (b. 1916)

Nagpur: see under Mahratta states.

Nalagarh

    bf.1500                Nalagarh state founded
       1803 -        1815  occupied by Nepal

Rajas
- Chandrabansi dynasty -
       1788 -        1803  Ram Saran Singh (1st time)
       1815 -        1848  Ram Saran Sungh (2nd time)
       1848 -        1857  Bija Singh
       1857 - 15 Jan 1860  vacant
15 Jan 1860 -        1876  Agar Singh
       1876 -        1911  Ishri Singh
       1911 -        1912  vacant
       1912 -        1946  Jogindar Singh                     (b. 1870 - d. 1946)
       1946 - 15 Aug 1947  ...

Nandgaon

       1865                Nandgaon estate recognized as a state

Rulers (title Mahant)
       1865 -    Nov 1883  Ghasi Das
       1883 -        1897  Balram Das                         (b. ... - d. 1897)
       1897 - 25 May 1912  Rajendra Das
24 Jun 1913 - 15 Aug 1947  Sarveshvara Das                    (b. 1906)

Narsinghgarh

       1872                Narsinghgarh estate, founded by the Diwan of Rajgarh,
                           recognized as a state

Rajas
- Umat dynasty -
       1872 -        1873  Hanwant Singh                      (b. ... - d. 1873)
       1873 -        1890  Pratap Singh
28 Jun 1890 -        1896  Mahtab Singh                       (b. ... - d. 1896)
       1896 - 22 Apr 1924  Arjun Singh                        (b. 1887 - d. 1924)
23 Apr 1924 - 15 Aug 1947  Vikram Singh                       (b. 1909)

Narsinghpur

       1292                Narsinghpur state founded

Rajas
      *1803*               Man Singh Harichandan
 4 Dec 1884 -        1912* Sadhu Charan Man Singh Harichandan
                           Mohapatra
      *1915 -  5 Jul 1921  Ramchandra Man Singh Harichandan
                           Mohapatra
 5 Jul 1921 - 15 Aug 1947  Ananta Narayan Man Singh
                           Harichandan Mohapatra              (b. 1908)

Nawanagar

       1535                Nawanagar state founded

Rulers (title Jam)
- Jadeja dynasty -
 2 Oct 1690 - 13 Oct 1708  Lakhaji Tamachi                    (b. ... - d. 1708)
13 Oct 1708 - 13 Aug 1711  Raisinhji Lakhaji                  (b. ... - d. 1711)
13 Aug 1711 -        1743  Tamachi Raisinhji                  (b. ... - d. 1743)
   Sep 1743 -  2 Nov 1767  Lakhaji Tamachi                    (b. 1743 - d. 1767)
 2 Nov 1767 -  6 Aug 1814  Jasaji Lakhaji                     (b. 17... - d. 1814)
 6 Aug 1814 - 24 Feb 1820  Sataji Lakhaji                     (b. ... - d. 1820)
24 Feb 1820 - 22 Feb 1852  Ranmalji Sataji                    (b. ... - d. 1852)
22 Feb 1852 - 28 Apr 1895  Vibhoji Ranmalji                   (b. 1827 - d. 1895)
Rulers (title Maharaja Jam Sahib)
- Jadeja dynasty -
28 Apr 1895 - 14 Aug 1906  Jashwantsinhji Vibhoji             (b. 1882 - d. 1906)
12 Mar 1907 -  2 Apr 1933  Ranjitsinhji Vibhoji               (b. 1872 - d. 1933)
 2 Apr 1933 - 15 Aug 1947  Digvijaysinhji Ranjitsinhji        (b. 1895 - d. 1966)

Nayagarh

    bf.1550                Nayagarh state founded

Rajas
20 Sep 1851 -        1890  Ladhu Kishor Singh Mandhata
       1890 -  4 Sep 1897  Raghunath Singh Mandhata
       1898 -  7 Dec 1918  Narayan Singh Mandhata
 7 Dec 1918 - 15 Aug 1947  Krishnachandra Singh Mandhata      (b. 1911)

Nilgiri

       1125                Nilgiri state founded

Rajas/Ranis
      *1803*               Ramchandra Mardraj Harichandan
       18.. -        1833  Govindchandra Mardraj Harichandan
       1833 -        1843  Chira Devi (f)
       1843 -        1893  Krishnachandra Mardraj Harichandan
       1893 -  6 Jul 1913  Shyamchandra Mardraj Harichandan
 6 Jul 1913 - 15 Aug 1947  Kishorchandra Mardraj Harichandan  (b. 1904)

Orchha

     c.1250                Orchha state founded

Rajas
- Bundela dynasty -
       1689 -        1735  Udwat Singh
       1735 -        1752  Prithvi Singh
       1752 -        1765  Sanwant Singh
       1765 -        1768  Hati Singh
       1768 -        1775  Man Singh
       1775 -        1776  Bharti Singh
       1776 -        1817  Vikramajit (1st time)              (b. ... - d. 1834)
       1817 -        1834  Dharam Pal                         (b. ... - d. 1834)
       1834                Vikramajit (2nd time)              (s.a.)
       1834 -        1841  Tej Singh                          (b. ... - d. 1841)
       1841 -        1854  Sajjan Singh II                    (b. ... - d. 1854)
       1854 -        1865  Hamir Singh                        (b. ... - d. 1874)
Maharajas
- Bundela dynasty -
       1865 - 15 Mar 1874  Hamir Singh                        (s.a.)
   Jun 1874 -  3 Mar 1930  Pratap Singh                       (b. 1854 - d. 1930)
 4 Mar 1930 - 15 Aug 1947  Vir Singh                          (b. 1899 - d. 1956)

Orissa: see Utkala.
Oudh: see Awadh.

Pal Lahara

Rulers
       1778 -        1815  Arnapura (f)
       1815 -        1825  Nanda Pal
       1825 -        1859  Badyanath Pal
       1859 -        1874  Chakradhar Pal
Rajas
       1874 -        1888  Chakradhar Pal
       1888 - 30 Jul 1912  Duti Krishna Pal
18 Apr 1913 - 15 Aug 1947  Muni Pal                           (b. 1903 - d. ...)

Palanpur

       1597                Palanpur state founded

Rulers (title Diwan)
- Yusufzai Lohani dynasty -
       1688 -        1704  Firuz Kamal Khan (2nd time)
       1704 -        1705  Kamal Khan                         (b. 16... - d. 1705)
       1705 -        1719  Firuz Khan II                      (b. ... - d. 1719)
       1719 -        1732  Karim Dad Khan                     (b. ... - d. 1732)
       1732 -        1743  Pahar Khan II                      (b. ... - d. 1743)
       1743 -        1768  Bahadur Khan                       (b. ... - d. 1768)
       1768 -        1781  Salim Khan I                       (b. ... - d. 1781)
       1781 -        1788  Shir Khan                          (b. ... - d. 1788)
       1788 -        1793  Mubariz Khan II
       1793 -        1794  Shamshir Khan
       1794 -        1812  Firuz Khan III                     (b. 17... - d. 1812)
       1812 -        1813  Fateh Mohammad Khan (1st time)     (b. 1799 - d. 1854)
       1813 - 22 Dec 1813  Shamshir Mohammad Khan             (b. ... - d. 1834)
                           (then regent for successor to 10 Oct 1817)
22 Dec 1813 - 11 Jul 1854  Fateh Mohammad Khan (2nd time)     (s.a.)
11 Jul 1854 - 28 Aug 1878  Zorawar Khan                       (b. 1822 - d. 1878)
28 Aug 1878 -        1910  Zobdat al-Molk Shir Mohammad Khan  (b. 1852 - d. 1918)
Rulers (title Nawab Sahib)
       1910 - 28 Sep 1918  Zobdat al-Molk Shir Mohammad Khan  (s.a.)
28 Sep 1918 - 15 Aug 1947  Zobdat al-Molk Taley Mohammad Khan (b. 1883 - d. 1957)

Palitana

Rulers (title Thakur Sahib)
- Gohil dynasty -
 1 Jun 1860 -    Nov 1885  Sursinhji                          (b. ... - d. 1885)
   Nov 1885 - 29 Aug 1905  Mansinhji Sursinhji                (b. 1863 - d. 1905)
29 Sep 1905 - 15 Aug 1947  Bahadursinhji Mansinhji            (b. 1900 - d. bf.1971)

Pa˝jab (Punjab)

       1805                the Sikh military organization occupies Lahaur (Lahore)
                           and establishes the Pa˝jab (Punjab) state
22 Feb 1849                ruler deposed
 8 Apr 1849                Punjab incorporated into British India

Maharajas
       1805 - 27 Jun 1839  Ranjit Singh                       (b. 1780 - d. 1839)
       1839 -  5 Nov 1840  Kharak Singh
 5 Nov 1840 - 17 Nov 1840  Nau Nihal Singh
17 Nov 1840 - 18 Jan 1841  Chand Kaur Kunwar (f)
                           (styled Mai to 2 Dec 1840, then Maharani Malika Makkadas)
18 Jan 1841 - 15 Sep 1843  Shir Singh
17 Sep 1843 - 22 Feb 1849  Dhalip Singh

Panna

     c.1450                Panna state founded

Rajas
- Bundela dynasty -
       1732 -        1739  Hardesah Singh                     (b. ... - d. 1739)
       1739 -        1752  Sabha Singh
       1752 -        1758  Aman Singh
       1758 -        1777  Hindupat Singh                     (b. ... - d. 1777)
       1777 -        1779  Anirudh Singh
       1785 -        1798  Dhokal Singh
       1798 -        1834  Kishor Singh
       1834 -        1849  Harbans Rai
       1849 -        1869  Nripat Singh
Maharajas
- Bundela dynasty -
       1869 -    Jun 1870  Nripat Singh
 9 Jun 1870 -        1893  Rudra Pratap Singh
       1893 -        1898  Lokpal Singh                       (b. ... - d. 1898)
       1898 - 22 Apr 1902  Madho Singh
20 Jun 1902 - 15 Aug 1947  Yadvendra Singh                    (b. 1893 - d. 19...)

Partabgarh

     c.1425                Kanthal state founded
       1698                renamed Partabgarh after new capital

Rulers (title Maharawat)
- Sisodhyia dynasty -
       1775 -        1844  Sawant Singh
       1844 -        1864  Dalpat Singh
       1864 - 15 Feb 1890  Udai Singh
       1890 - 18 Jan 1929  Raghunath Singh                     (b. 1857 - d. 1929)
       1929 - 15 Aug 1947  Ram Singh                           (b. 1908 - d. 1949)

Pataudi

       1806                Pataudi state founded

Rulers (title Nawab)
       1806 -        1829  Fa┤iz Talab Khan
       1829 -    Mar 1862  Akbar `Ali Khan
       1862 -        1867  Mohammad `Ali Taqi Khan
       1867 -    Mar 1878  Mohammad Mokhtar Hosayn `Ali Khan
       1878 -        1898  Mohammad Momtaz Hosayn `Ali Khan
       1898 -        1913  Mohammad Mozaffar `Ali Khan
       1913 - 30 Nov 1917  Mohammad Ebrahim `Ali Khan         (b. ... - d. 1917)
30 Nov 1917 - 15 Aug 1947  Mohammad Eftekhar `Ali Khan        (b. 1910 - d. 1952)

Pathari

       1794                Pathari state founded

Rulers (title Nawab)
- Barakzay dynasty -
       1794 -        1807  ...
       1807 -        1859  Haydar Mohammad Khan
       1859 -        1913  `Abd al-Karim Khan                 (b. 1854 - d. 19...)
       1913 - 15 Aug 1947  Mohammad `Abd ar-Rahim Khan

Patiala

29 Mar 1761                Patiala state founded

Maharajas
- Phulkian dynasty -
29 Mar 1761 - 22 Aug 1765  Ala Singh                          (b. 1695 - d. 1765)
22 Aug 1765 -        1767  Amar Singh                         (b. 1748 - d. 1781)
Rulers (title Raja-e Rajgan)
- Phulkian dynasty -
       1767 -  5 Feb 1781  Amar Singh                         (s.a.)
   Feb 1781 -        1810  Sahib Singh                        (b. 1774 - d. 1813)
Rulers (title Maharaja-e Rajgan)
- Phulkian dynasty -
       1810 - 26 Mar 1813  Sahib Singh                        (s.a.)
26 Mar 1813 - 23 Dec 1845  Karam Singh                        (b. 1797 - d. 1845)
23 Dec 1845 - 13 Nov 1862  Narendra Singh                     (b. 1823 - d. 1862)
13 Nov 1862 - 14 Apr 1876  Mohendra Singh                     (b. 1852 - d. 1876)
14 Apr 1876 -  9 Nov 1900  Rajendra Singh                     (b. 1872 - d. 1900)
 9 Nov 1900 - 23 Mar 1938  Bhupindra Singh                    (b. 1891 - d. 1938)
23 Mar 1938 - 15 Aug 1947  Yadavindra Singh                   (b. 1913 - d. 1974)

Patna

    bf.1700                Patna state founded

Maharajas
- Chauhan dynasty -
       1866 -        1878  Pratap Deo                         (b. ... - d. 1878)
       1878 -        1895  Ramchandra Singh Deo               (b. 1872 - d. 1895)
       1895 -        1924  Lal Danganjan Singh Deo
       1924 - 15 Aug 1947  Rajendra Narayan Singh Deo         (b. 1912 - d. 1975)

Peshwa's Dominions: see under Mahratta states.

Phaltan

       1284                Phaltan state founded

Rulers (title Naik)
       1693 -        1748  Janoji Nimbalkar
       1748 -        1765  Madhoji Rao Nimbalkar
       1767 -        1774  Sayaji Rao Nimbalkar
       1774 -        1777  Maloji Rao Nimbalkar
       1777 -        1825  Jan Rao Nimbalkar
       1827 -        1841  Bajaji Rao "Naik Nimbalkar"
 7 Dec 1841 - 17 Oct 1916  Madhoji Rao Jan Rao "Naik Nimbalkar"
       1841 -        1853    Sahibjibai "Baya Sahib" (f)
                             (regent)
15 Nov 1917 - 15 Aug 1947  Maloji Rao IV Madhoji Rao "Nana
                           Sahib Naik Nimbalkar"              (b. 1896 - d. 1978)

Porbandar

       1193                state founded by ruler expelled from Morvi
       1307                state renamed Ranpur
       1574                state renamed Chhaya
       1785                state renamed Porbandar

Rulers (title Rana)
- Jethwa dynasty -
       1757 -        1804  Sultanji Vikmatji
       1804 -        1812  Haloji Sultanji
       1812 -        1831  Khimoji Pratiraj
20 Jun 1831 -        1886  Vikramatji Khimoji                 (b. ... - d. 1900)
       1886 - 15 Sep 1900  vacant
15 Sep 1900 - 10 Dec 1908  Bhavsinhji Madhavsinhji            (b. ... - d. 1908)
10 Dec 1908 -        1918  Natwarsinhji Bhavsinhji            (b. 1901 - d. 1982)
Ruler (title Maharaja Rana Sahib)
       1918 - 15 Aug 1947  Natwarsinhji Bhavsinhji            (s.a.)

Pudukkottai

     c.1350                Pudukkottai state founded under Pallava dynasty
       1680                new dynasty

Rajas
       1686 -        1730  Raghunatha Raya Tondaiman          (b. 1641 - d. 1730)
       1730 -        1769  Vijaya Raghunatha Raya Tondaiman   (b. 1713 - d. 1769)
       1769 -    Dec 1789  Raya Raghunatha Tondaiman          (b. 1738 - d. 1789)
   Dec 1789 -  1 Feb 1807  Vijaya Raghunatha Tondaiman        (b. 1759 - d. 1807)
 1 Feb 1807 -    Jun 1825  Vijaya Raghunatha Raya Tondaiman   (b. 1797 - d. 1825)
   Jun 1825 - 13 Jul 1839  Raghunatha Tondaiman               (b. 1799 - d. 1839)
13 Jul 1839 - 15 Apr 1886  Ramachandra Tondaiman              (b. 1829 - d. 1886)
15 Apr 1886 - 28 May 1928  Martanda Bhairava Tondaiman        (b. 1875 - d. 1928)
24 Oct 1928 - 15 Aug 1947  Rajagopala Tondaiman               (b. 1922 - d. 1997)

Punjab: see Pa˝jab.

Radhanpur

       1753                Radhanpur state founded

Rulers (title Nawab)
- Babi dynasty -
       1753 -        1765  Jawan Mard Khan II                 (b. ... - d. 1765)
       1765 -        1787  Muhammad Najm ad-Din Khan          (b. ... - d. 1787)
       1787 - 11 May 1813  Muhammad Ghazi ad-Din Khan         (b. 17... - d. 1813)
11 May 1813 -        1825  Muhammad Shir Khan I               (b. 1794 - d. 1825)
                           (jointly with following)
11 May 1813 -        1813  Muhammad Kamal ad-Din Khan         (b. 1805 - d. 1813)
       1825 -  9 Oct 1874  Muhammad Jorawar Shir Khan         (b. 1822 - d. 1874)
 9 Oct 1874 - 20 Dec 1895  Mohammad Bismillah Khan            (b. 1843 - d. 1895)
20 Dec 1895 - 25 Feb 1910  Mohammad Shir Khan II              (b. 1886 - d. 1910)
25 Feb 1910 -  4 Dec 1936  Mohammad Jalal ad-Din Khan         (b. 1889 - d. 1936)
 4 Dec 1936 - 15 Aug 1947  Mortaza Khan                       (b. 1899 - d. 199...)

Raigarh

       1911                Raigarh estate recognized as a state

Rulers (title Raja Bahadur)
       1911 -        1917  Bhup Deo Singh
       1917 -    Feb 1924  Natwar Singh
23 Aug 1924 - 15 Aug 1947  Lal Chakradar Singh                (b. 1905)

Rairakhol

Rajas
       1825 -        1900  Bishan Chandra Jenamani
       1900 -    Jul 1906  Gauro Chandra Deo
       1906 -        193.  Bir Chandra Jadumani Deo Jenamani
       193. - 15 Aug 1947  Girish Chandra Deo

Rajgarh

    bf.1500                Rajgarh state founded

Rulers (title Rawat)
- Ponwar dynasty -
        ... - 14 Apr 1714  Mohan Singh                        (b. ... - d. 1714)
      *1818 -        1831  Newal Singh
       1831 -        1871  Rawat Moti Singh
Ruler (title Nawab)
- Ponwar dynasty -
       1871 -        1880  Mohammad `Abd al-Wasih Khan
                           (= Rawat Moti Singh)
Rulers (title Rawat)
- Ponwar dynasty -
       1880 -        1882  Bakhtawar Singh
 6 Jul 1882 -        1886  Balbhadra Singh
Rajas
- Ponwar dynasty -
       1886 -    Jan 1902  Balbhadra Singh
20 Jan 1902 -  9 Jan 1916  Banne Singh                        (b. 1857 - d. 19...)
17 Jan 1916 - 26 Oct 1936  Bir Indra Singh                    (b. 1878 - d. 1936)
18 Dec 1936 - 15 Aug 1947  Brij Raj Singh                     (b. 1936)

Rajkot

     c.1620                Rajkot state founded

Rulers (title Thakur Sahib)
- Jadeja dynasty -
        ... - 16 Apr 1890  Bawaji
       1890 -  2 Feb 1930  Lakhaji Bawaji                     (b. 1885 - d. 1930)
       1930 - 11 Jun 1940  Dharmendrasinhji Lakhaji           (b. 1910 - d. 1940)
       1940 - 15 Aug 1947  Pradumansinhji                     (b. 1913 - d. 1973)

Rajpipla

     c.1200                Rajpipla state founded
       1815 -        1820  occupied by Baroda

Rulers (title Maharana)
- Gohil dynasty -
      *1705*               Mota Verisalji                     (b. ... - d. bf.1715)
      *1715 -        1754  Jitsinhji                          (b. ... - d. 1754)
       1754 -        1764  Pratapsinhji                       (b. ... - d. 1764)
       1764 -        1786  Raisinhji                          (b. ... - d. 1786)
       1786 - 15 Jan 1803  Ajabsinhji                         (b. 1750 - d. 1803)
15 Jan 1803 - 10 May 1810  Ramsinhji                          (b. ... - d. 1810)
10 May 1810 -  9 Aug 1821  Naharsinhji                        (b. c.1780 - d. 18...)
 9 Aug 1821 -        1860  Verisalji                          (b. 1808 - d. 1868)
       1860 - 10 Jan 1897  Gambhirsinhji                      (b. 1846 - d. 1897)
10 Jan 1897 - 26 Sep 1915  Chhatrasinhji                      (b. 1862 - d. 1915)
26 Sep 1915 - 15 Aug 1947  Vijayasinhji Chhatrasinhji         (b. 1890 - d. 1951)

Rampur

       1719                Rohilla state founded at Aonla; becomes known as Rohilkhand
       1774                most of the state annexed by Awadh; capital moved to Rampur

Rulers (title from 1737 Nawab)
- Rohilla dynasty -
       1719 - 15 Sep 1748  Ali Mohammad Khan                  (b. bf.1706 - d. 1748)
15 Sep 1748 - 24 Jul 1793  Faizullah Khan                     (b. 1730? - d. 1793)
24 Jul 1793 - 11 Aug 1793  Mohammad Ali Khan                  (b. 1750 - d. 1794)
11 Aug 1793 - 24 Oct 1794  Gholam Mohammad Khan               (b. 1763 - d. 1828)
24 Oct 1794 -  5 Jul 1840  Ahmad Ali Khan                     (b. 1787 - d. 1840)
20 Aug 1840 -  1 Apr 1855  Mohammad Said Khan                 (b. 1786 - d. 1855)
 1 Apr 1855 - 21 Apr 1865  Mohammad Yusof Ali Khan            (b. 1816 - d. 1865)
21 Apr 1865 - 23 Mar 1887  Mohammad Kalb Ali Khan             (b. 1834 - d. 1887)
23 Mar 1887 - 25 Feb 1889  Mohammad Moshtaq Ali Khan          (b. ... - d. 1889)
25 Feb 1889 - 20 Jun 1930  Mohammad Hamid Ali Khan            (b. 1875 - d. 1930)
20 Jun 1930 - 15 Aug 1947  Mohammad Reza Ali Khan             (b. 1908 - d. 1966)

Ratlam

       1651                Ratlam state founded

Rajas
- Rathor dynasty -
        ... -    Mar 1716  Keshri Singh                       (b. ... - d. 1716)
       1716 -        1773  ...
       1773 -        1800  Padam Singh
       18.. -        1824  Parbat Singh
       1824 - 29 Aug 1857  Balwant Singh
       1857 - 27 Jan 1864  Bhairon Singh
       1864 -        1893  Ranjit Singh                       (b. ... - d. 1893)
29 Jan 1893 -        1921  Sajjan Singh                       (b. 1880 - d. 1947)
Maharajas
- Rathor dynasty -
       1921 -  3 Feb 1947  Sajjan Singh                       (s.a.)
       1947 - 15 Aug 1947  Lokendra Singh                     (b. 1927 - d. 1991)

Rewa

     c.1140                Rewa state founded

Rajas
- Vaghela dynasty -
       1690 -        1700  Anirudh Singh
       1700 -        1755  Avdhut Singh
       1755 -        1809  Ajit Singh
       1809 -        1835  Jai Singh Deo
       1835 -        1854  Vishwanath Singh                   (b. ... - d. 1854)
       1854 -        1857  Raghuraj Singh                     (b. 1834 - d. 1880)
Maharajas
- Vaghela dynasty -
       1857 -  5 Feb 1880  Raghuraj Singh                     (s.a.)
       1880 -  3 Nov 1918  Venkat Raman Singh                 (b. 1876 - d. 1918)
   Nov 1918 - 30 Jan 1946  Gulab Singh                        (b. 1903 - d. 1950)
30 Jan 1946 - 15 Aug 1947  Martand Singh                      (b. 1923 - d. 1995)

Sachin

       1791                Sachin state founded

Rulers (title Nawab)
- Sidi dynasty -
       1791 -  9 Jul 1802  Abdul Karim Mohammad Yakut Khan I  (b. 17... - d. 1802)
 9 Jul 1802 - 25 Mar 1853  Ibrahim Mohammad Yakut Khan I      (b. ... - d. 1853)
25 Mar 1853 -        1868  Abdul Karim Mohammad Yakut Khan II (b. 1802 - d. 1868)
       1868 -    Mar 1873  Ibrahim Mohammad Yakut Khan II     (b. 1833 - d. 1873)
   Mar 1873 -  7 Jan 1887  Abdul Kadir Khan                   (b. 1865 - d. 1896)
 7 Feb 1887 - 19 Nov 1930  Ibrahim Mohammad Yakut Khan III    (b. 1886 - d. 1930)
19 Nov 1930 - 15 Aug 1947  Haydar Mohammad Yakut Khan         (b. 1909 - d. 1970)

Sakti

Rulers (title Rana)
19 Jun 1850 -        1875  Ranjit Singh
       1875 -    Feb 1892  vacant
   Feb 1892 -    Jul 1914  Rup Narayan Singh
   Feb 1915 - 15 Aug 1947  Liladhar Singh                     (b. 1892 - d. ...)

Samthar

    bf.1827                Samthar recognized as a state

Rajas
        ... -        1827  Ranjit Singh II
       1827 -        1864  Hindupat Singh
       1864 -        1865  ... (f) (regent)
 3 Feb 1865 -        1877  Chhatar Singh
Maharajas
       1877 - 16 Jun 1896  Chhatar Singh
17 Jun 1896 -  9 Oct 1935  Bir Singh                          (b. 1864 - d. 1936)
       1935 - 15 Aug 1947  Radha Charan Singh                 (b. 1914)

Sandur

       1713                Sandur state founded
27 Oct 1817 -  1 Jul 1818  annexed to the Peshwa's Dominions

Rulers (titles Hindu Rao, Mamalikat Madar)
- Ghorpade dynasty -
       1713 -        1731  Sidhoji Rao I                      (b. c.1683 - d. 1731)
       1731 - 15 Mar 1776  Murar Rao                          (b. c.1699 - d. c.1779)
       17.. -        1785  Shiva Rao I                        (b. ... - d. 1785)
       1785 -        1796  Sidhoji Rao II                     (b. 1783 - d. 1796)
       1796 - 27 Oct 1817  Shiva Rao II (1st time)            (b. ... - d. 1840)
 1 Jul 1818 -  2 May 1840  Shiva Rao II (2nd time)            (s.a.)
 2 May 1840 -        1861  Venkata Rao II                     (b. ... - d. 1861)
       1861 -        1876  Shivasammukha Rao                  (b. 1847 - d. 1878)
Rajas
- Ghorpade dynasty -
       1876 -  3 May 1878  Shivasammukha Rao                  (s.a.)
 3 May 1878 -  3 Dec 1892  Ramachandra Vitthala Rao           (b. 1850 - d. 1892)
 3 Dec 1892 - 24 Jul 1927  Venkata Rao III                    (b. 1892 - d. 1927)
 5 May 1928 - 15 Aug 1947  Yashwant Rao                       (b. 1908 - d. 1996)

Sangli

       1782                Sangli state founded

Rulers (title Rao)
- Patwardhan dynasty -
       1782 -        1851  Chintaman Rao "Appa Sahib"
       1851 - 12 Dec 1901  Dhundi Rao Chintaman Rao
                           "Tatya Sahib"
   Dec 1901 -        1903  Vinayak Rao "Bhav Sahib"
15 Jun 1903 -        1932  Chintaman Rao Dhundi Rao
                           "Appa Sahib"                       (b. 1890 - d. 1965)
Raja
       1932 - 15 Aug 1947  Chintaman Rao Dhundi Rao
                           "Appa Sahib"                       (s.a.)

Sangri

    bf.1800                Sangri state founded
       1803 -        1815  occupied by Nepal

Rulers (title Thakur)
        ... -        1803  Bikramajit (1st time)
       1815 -        1816  Bikramajit (2nd time)
       1816 -        1841  Ajit Singh
       1841 -        1844  Ranbir Singh
       1844 -        1876  Jagat Singh
       1876 - 25 Jul 1887  Hira Singh
Rulers (title Rai)
25 Jul 1887 -        1927  Hira Singh
       1927 - 15 Aug 1947  Raghbir Singh

Sant

       1255                Sant state founded (named after founder)

Rulers (title Rana)
- Parmar dynasty -
        ... -        1872  Bhawansinhji
17 Apr 1873 - 10 Jan 1896  Pratapsinhji
31 Aug 1896 - 22 Dec 1946  Zorawarsinhji Pratapsinhji         (b. 1881 - d. 1946)
22 Dec 1946 - 15 Aug 1947  Pravinsinhji Zorawarsinhji         (b. 1907)

Sarangarh

Rajas
       1865 -        1872  Singram Singh
       1872 -        1889  Bhawani Pratap Singh
       1889 -  5 Aug 1890  Lal Raghubir Singh                 (b. ... - d. 1890)
 5 Aug 1890 - 11 Jan 1946  Bahadur Jawahir Singh              (b. 1888 - d. 1946)
       1946 - 15 Aug 1947  Naresh Chandra Singh               (b. 1908 - d. 1987)

Satara: see under Mahratta states.

Savantvadi (Savantwadi)

       1627                Savantvadi state founded

Ruler (title Raja Sar Desai)
- Bhonsle dynasty -
       1675 -        1709  Khem Savant II                     (b. ... - d. 1709)
       1709 -  2 Jan 1738  Phond Savant II                    (b. 1667 - d. 1738)
 2 Jan 1738 -        1755  Ramachandra Savant I               (b. 1712 - d. 1755)
       1755 -        1763  Khem Savant III                    (b. 1749 - d. 1803)
Rulers (title Raja Bahadur)
- Bhonsle dynasty -
       1763 -  6 Oct 1803  Khem Savant III                    (s.a.)
 6 Oct 1803 -        1805  Lakshmi Bai (f) (regent)           (b. 17... - d. 1808)
       1805 -        1807  Ramachandra Savant II "Bhav Sahib" (b. 17... - d. 1807)
       1807 -        1808  Phond Savant                       (b. 17... - d. 1808)
       1808 -  3 Oct 1812  Phond Savant III                   (b. 17... - d. 1812)
 3 Oct 1812 -        1867  Khem Savant IV                     (b. 1804 - d. 1867)
       1867 -  7 Mar 1869  Phond Savant IV "Anna Sahib"       (b. 1828 - d. 1869)
 7 Mar 1869 -    Dec 1899  Raghunath Savant                   (b. 1862 - d. 1899)
   Dec 1899 - 23 Apr 1913  Ram Savant                         (b. 1871 - d. 1913)
24 Apr 1913 -  4 Jul 1937  Khem Savant V "Bapu Sahib"         (b. 1897 - d. 1937)
 4 Jul 1937 - 15 Aug 1947  Shivram Savant                     (b. 1927 - d. 1995)

Savanur

       1680                Savanur state founded

Rulers (title Nawab)
- Miyana Pathan dynasty -
       1680 - 23 Jun 1720  Dalil Khan                         (b. 16... - d. 1720)
23 Jun 1720 -    Sep 1720  Abdul Fath Khan                    (b. ... - d. 1720)
   Sep 1720 -    Feb 1721  Abdul Mahmad Khan                  (b. ... - d. 1721)
   Feb 1721 -  7 Apr 1726  Abdul Ghafur Khan                  (b. ... - d. 1726)
 7 Apr 1726 -        1755  Abdul Majid Khan                   (b. ... - d. 1755)
       1755 - 20 Feb 1794  Diler Khan                         (b. ... - d. 1794)
20 Feb 1794 - 25 Nov 1796  Abdul Husain Khan                  (b. 17... - d. 1802)
25 Nov 1796 -  2 Nov 1827  Abul Khair Khan                    (b. 17... - d. 1827)
 2 Nov 1827 - 12 Jan 1828  Faiz Khan                          (b. ... - d. 1828)
 8 May 1828 - 17 Aug 1834  Munawwar Khan                      (b. 1805 - d. 1834)
17 Aug 1834 -    Aug 1862  Abul Diler Khan                    (b. 1807 - d. 1862)
   Aug 1862 - 11 May 1868  Abul Khair Khan                    (b. 1836 - d. 1868)
11 May 1868 - 11 Aug 1884  Diler Khan                         (b. 1862 - d. 1884)
11 Aug 1884 - 26 Jul 1892  Abdul Tabriz Khan                  (b. 1865 - d. 1892)
26 Jul 1892 - 15 Aug 1947  Abdul Majid Khan                   (b. 1890 - d. 1954)

Seraikella

       17..                Seraikella state founded

Rulers (title Kunwar)
- Rathor dynasty -
      *1803*               Abhiram Singh
       18.. -        1837  Ajamber Singh
       1837 -        1883  Chakradhar Singh
       1883 -        1884  Udit Narayan Singh
Raja
       1884 -        1922  Udit Narayan Singh
Maharajas
       1922 -        1931  Udit Narayan Singh
 9 Dec 1931 - 15 Aug 1947  Aditya Pratap Singh                (b. 1887 - d. 19...)

Shahpura

       1629                Shahpura state founded

Maharajas
- Sisodhyia dynasty, Ranawat clan -
      *1712*               Bharat Singh
       17.. - 14 Jan 1769  Umaid Singh I                      (b. ... - d. 1769)
       1769 -        17..  Ram Singh
       17.. -        1796  Bhim Singh
       1796 -        1827  Amar Singh
       1827 -        1845  Madho Singh
       1845 -        1853  Jagat Singh                        (b. ... - d. 1853)
       1853 -  2 Nov 1869  Lakshman Singh                     (b. ... - d. 1869)
       1870 - 27 Jun 1932  Nahar Singh                        (b. 1855 - d. 1932)
27 Jun 1932 - 15 Aug 1947  Umaid Singh II                     (b. 1876 - d. 1992)

Shailana

       1736                Shailana state founded

Rajas
      *1819*               Lakshman Singh
       18.. -        18..  Ratan Singh
       18.. -        18..  Nahar Singh
       18.. -        1850  Takht Singh
       1850 - 13 Jul 1895  Dule Singh
       1895 -  4 Aug 1919  Jashwant Singh
   Aug 1919 - 15 Aug 1947  Dhalip Singh                       (b. 1891 - d. 19...)

Sindhya: see Gwalior.

Sirmur

       1095                Sirmur state founded
       1803 -        1815  occupied by Nepal

Rajas
- Bhati dynasty -
        ... -        1793  Dharm Prakash                      (b. ... - d. 1793)
       1793 -        1803  Karam Prakash II                   (b. 17... - d. 1820)
       1803                Ratan Prakash (1st time)
       1815                Ratan Prakash (2nd time)
       1815 -        1850  Fateh Prakash                      (b. ... - d. 1850)
       1850 -        1856  Raghbir Prakash
       1856 -        1898  Shamsher Prakash                   (b. 1846 - d. 1898)
       1898 -  4 Jul 1911  Surendra Bikram Prakash            (b. 1867 - d. 1911)
22 Jul 1911 -        1918  Amar Prakash                       (b. 1888 - d. 1933)
Maharajas
       1918 - 13 Aug 1933  Amar Prakash                       (s.a.)
13 Aug 1933 - 15 Aug 1947  Rajendra Prakash                   (b. 1913 - d. 1964)

Sirohi

       1405                Sirohi state founded

Rulers (title Rao)
- Deora Chauhan dynasty -
       1781 -        1808  Bairi Sal II
       1808 -        1818  Udaibhan (1st time)                (b. ... - d. 1847)
       1818 -        1823  Sheo Singh (1st time)              (b. ... - d. 1862)
       1823 -        1847  Udaibhan (2nd time)                (s.a.)
       1847 -        1862  Sheo Singh (2nd time)              (s.a.)
       1862 -    Sep 1875  Umaid Singh II                     (b. ... - d. 1875)
       1875 -        1889  Keshri Singh                       (b. 1857 - d. 1920)
Rulers (title Maharao)
- Deora Chauhan dynasty -
       1889 - 29 Apr 1920  Keshri Singh                       (s.a.)
29 Apr 1920 -  3 Feb 1946  Sarup Ram Singh                    (b. 1888 - d. 1946)
 3 Feb 1946 - 15 Aug 1947  Abhai Singh

Sitamau

       1701                Sitamau state founded

Rajas
       1802 -        1867  Raj Ram Singh
       1867 -        1885  Bhawani Singh
 8 Dec 1885 -        1899  Bahadur Singh
       1899 -  9 May 1900  Shardul Singh
11 May 1900 - 15 Aug 1947  Raj Ram Singh                      (b. 1880 - d. 19...)

Sohawal

       15..                Sohawal state founded

Rulers (title Rais)
- Vaghela dynasty -
       1809 -        18..  Lal Aman Singh
       18.. -        1830  Raghunath Singh
       1830 -        1833  vacant
       1833 -        1840  Aman Singh
       1840 -        1865  Sheo Singh
 1 Nov 1865 -        1899  Sher Jang Bahadur Singh
23 Nov 1899 -        1911  Bhagwant Raj Bahadur Singh         (b. 1878 - d. 19...)
Rajas
       1911 - 16 Feb 1930  Bhagwant Raj Bahadur Singh         (s.a.)
       1930 - 15 Aug 1947  Jagendra Bahadur Singh

Sonepur (Sonpur)

       1556                Sonepur state founded

Rajas
- Chauhan dynasty -
       1750 -        1770  Divya Singh Deo
       1771 -        1786  Sobha Singh Deo
       1786 -        1840  Prithvi Singh Deo
       1840 -        1891  Niladhar Singh                     (b. ... - d. 1891)
       1891 -  8 Aug 1902  Pratap Rudra Singh
 8 Aug 1902 -        1908  Bir Mitrodaya Singh                (b. 1874 - d. 1937)
Maharajas
       1908 -        1937  Bir Mitrodaya Singh                (s.a.)
       1937 - 15 Aug 1947  Sudhansu Shekhar Singh             (b. 1899 - d. 1963)

Soor: see under Idar.

Suket

        765                Suket state founded

Rajas
       1791 -        1838  Bikram Sen II                      (b. 17... - d. 1838)
       1838 -        1876  Ugar Sen II                        (b. ... - d. 1876)
       1876 -    Apr 1878  Rudra Sen                          (b. 1828 - d. 1886)
       1878 -        1879  Arimardan Sen                      (b. ... - d. 1879)
29 Mar 1879 -        1908  Dasht Nikandan Sen
27 May 1908 - 12 Oct 1919  Bhim Sen
13 Oct 1919 - 15 Aug 1947  Lakshman Sen                       (b. 1894 - d. af.1957)

Sundem

       1555                Sundem state founded

Rajas
- Udaiyar dynasty -
       1763 -        1843  Sawai Basavalinga I Rajendra Udaiyar
       1843                Sadashiva II Rajendra Udaiyar
       1843 -         ...  Vira Rajendra Udaiyar
        ... -         ...  Sawai Basavalinga II Rajendra Udaiyar
        ... -         ...  Sawai Vira Sadashiva Rajendra Udaiyar
        ... -        1935  Basavalinga II Rajendra Udaiyar
       1935 -         ...  ...

Surgana

    bf.1800                Surgana state founded

Rulers (title Deshmukh)
        ... -        1818  Malhar Rao
       1818 -        18..  Bhikaji Rao
       18.. -        18..  Jashwant Rao I Bhikaji Rao
       18.. -        18..  Muvar Rao
       18.. -        1867  Bhaskar Rao
       1867 -  2 Jun 1898  Shankar Rao Ravi Rao
       1898 - 22 Jun 1930  Pratap Rao Shankar Rao
       1930 -        1936  Jashwant Rao II Pratap Rao
   Apr 1936 - 15 Aug 1947  Dhairyashitra Rao Jashwant Rao     (b. 1922)

Surguja

Rajas
- Raksel dynasty -
       1820 -        18..  Lal Amar Singh
                           (from 1826 with personal style Maharaja)
       18.. -        1879  Indrajit Singh
       1879 - 31 Dec 1917  Raghunath Saran Singh              (b. 18... - d. 1917)
                           (from 1887 with personal style Maharaja,
                           from 1896 Maharaja Bahadur)
       1918 -        1933  Ramanuj Saran Singh                (b. 1895 - d. ...)
                           (with hereditary style Maharaja)
Maharaja
       1933 - 15 Aug 1947  Ramanuj Saran Singh                (s.a.)

Talcher

       11..                Talcher state founded

Rajas
      *1803*               Bhagirathi Birabar Harichandan
       18.. -        18..  Dayanidhi Birabar Harichandan
       18.. -        1891  Ramchandra Birabar Harichandan
18 Dec 1891 - 15 Aug 1947  Kishor Chandra Birabar Harichandan (b. 1880 - d. 19...)

Tanjur: see under Mahratta states.

Tehri Garhwal

late antiquity             Garhwal (Grihavala) state founded
       1804                Garhwal state extinguished by Nepal
       1815                Tehri Garhwal state created

Rajas
- Shah dynasty -
       1815 -  7 Jun 1859  Sudarshan Shah                     (b. 1784 - d. 1859)
       1859 -    Dec 1871  Bhawani Shah                       (b. ... - d. 1871)
       1872 -    Feb 1887  Pratap Shah                        (b. 1850 - d. 1887)
 6 Feb 1887 - 25 Apr 1913  Kirti Shah                         (b. 1874 - d. 1913)
Maharajas
16 May 1913 -    May 1946  Narendra Shah                      (b. 1898 - d. 1950)
27 May 1946 - 15 Aug 1947  Tika Manabendra Shah               (b. 1921 - d. 2007)

Tharoch

    bf.1800                Tharoch state founded
       1803 -        1815  occupied by Nepal
       1841 -        1843  occupied by Jubbal

Rulers (title Thakur)
        ... -        1803  Karam Singh (1st time)
       1815 -        1819  Karam Singh (2nd time)
       1819 -        1838  Jhobu
       1838 -        1841  Shyam Singh
       1843 -        1871  Ranjit Singh
       1871 -        1902  Kidar Singh
14 Jul 1902 -        1929  Surat Singh                        (b. 1887 - d. 19...)
Ruler (title Rana)
       1929 - 15 Aug 1947  Surat Singh                        (s.a.)

Tigiria

    bf.1600                Tigiria state founded

Rajas
      *1803*               Chamupati Singh
       1844 -  8 Apr 1886  Harihar Kshatriya Birbar Chamupati Singh
       1886 -        1933  Banamali Kshatriya Birbar Chamupati Singh
       1933 - 15 Aug 1947  Sudarshan Kshatriya Birbar Chamupati Singh

Tiruvidamkodu/Tiruvankur (Travancore)

     c.1100                Cheraman dynasty inaugurated; succeeds various
                           successor states of the ancient Cheralam empire

Rajas (officially Chiravai Muppan Padmanabhadasa)
- Cheraman (Kulashekhara) dynasty -
       1678 -        1704  Ravi Varma                         (b. 1668 - d. 1704)
       1704 -        1718  Unni Kerala Varma III              (b. ... - d. 1718)
       1718 -        1721  Aditya Varma                       (b. ... - d. 1721)
       1721 - 27 Jan 1729  Rama Varma I                       (b. ... - d. 1729)
27 Jan 1729 -  7 Jul 1758  Martanda Varma I                   (b. 1705 - d. 1758)
 7 Jul 1758 - 17 Feb 1798  Rama Varma II                      (b. 1724 - d. 1798)
17 Feb 1798 -  7 Nov 1810  Bala Rama Varma I                  (b. 1782 - d. 1810)
 7 Nov 1810 - 16 Apr 1813  Ghauri Lakshmi Bai (f) (regent)    (b. 1790? - d. 1815)
16 Apr 1813 - 27 Dec 1846  Rama Varma III                     (b. 1813 - d. 1846)
27 Dec 1846 - 18 Aug 1860  Martanda Varma II                  (b. 1814 - d. 1860)
18 Aug 1860 -  6 Aug 1866  Rama Varma IV                      (b. 1832 - d. 1880)
Maharajas
- Cheraman (Kulashekhara) dynasty -
 6 Aug 1866 - 30 May 1880  Rama Varma IV                      (s.a.)
30 May 1880 -  4 Aug 1885  Rama Varma V                       (b. 1837 - d. 1885)
 4 Aug 1885 -  7 Aug 1924  Rama Varma VI                      (b. 1857 - d. 1924)
 7 Aug 1924 - 15 Aug 1947  Bala Rama Varma II                 (b. 1912 - d. 1991)

Dewan (chief minister) 1936 - 1947 C.P. Ramaswami Aiyar (b. 1879 - d. 1966)

Tonk

       1818                Tonk state founded

Rulers (title Nawab)
       1818 -        1834  Amir Khan ibn Hayat Khan           (b. 1768 - d. 1834)
       1834 - 18 Jun 1864  Wazir ad-Dowla Mohammad Khan       (b. ... - d. 1864)
       1864 - 14 Nov 1867  Mohammad `Ali Khan                 (b. ... - d. 1895)
20 Dec 1867 - 23 Jun 1930  Hafez Mohammad Ebrahim `Ali Khan   (b. 1848 - d. 1930)
23 Jun 1930 - 31 May 1947  Hafez Mohammad Sa`adat `Ali Khan   (b. 1879 - d. 1947)
31 May 1947 - 15 Aug 1947  Hafez Mohammad Faruq `Ali Khan     (b. 1885 - d. 1948)

Travancore: see Tiruvidamkodu/Tiruvankur.

Tripura

      c.100                Tripura state founded
       1760                part of the state annexed by British India; remaining
                           state known to the colonial government as Hill Tipperah

Rajas
- Manikya dynasty -
       1695 -        1712  Ratna Manikya (2nd time)           (b. ... - d. 1712)
       1712 -        1714  Mahendra Manikya
       1714 -        1728  Dharma Manikya (1st time)          (b. ... - d. 1729)
       1728                Jagat Manikya
       1728 -        1729  Dharma Manikya (2nd time)          (s.a.)
       1729 -        1739  Mukanda Manikya                    (b. ... - d. 1739)
       1739 -        1744  Joy Manikya
       1744 -      c.1746  Indrasya Manikya
     c.1746 -      c.1748  Bijoy Manikya
     c.1748 -        1760  Lakshman Manikya                   (b. ... - d. 1760)
       1760 -        1761  Krishna Manikya (1st time)         (b. ... - d. 1783)
       1761 -        1767  Balaram Manikya
       1767 - 11 Jul 1783  Krishna Manikya (2nd time)         (s.a.)
11 Jul 1783 -    Mar 1804  Rajadhara Manikya
   Mar 1804 -    Oct 1809  Ramaganga Manikya (1st time)       (b. 17... - d. 1826)
   Oct 1809 -  6 Apr 1813  Durga Manikya                      (b. 17... - d. 1813)
 6 Apr 1813 - 14 Nov 1826  Ramaganga Manikya (2nd time)       (s.a.)
14 Nov 1826 - 19 Mar 1830  Kashichandra Manikya               (b. ... - d. 1830)
19 Mar 1830 -  3 Apr 1849  Krishna Kishor Manikya             (b. ... - d. 1849)
 3 Apr 1849 - 31 Jul 1862  Ishanachandra Manikya              (b. 1829 - d. 1862)
31 Jul 1862 - 11 Dec 1896  Virachandra Manikya                (b. 1838 - d. 1896)
11 Dec 1896 - 12 Mar 1909  Radha Kishor Manikya               (b. 1857 - d. 1909)
12 Mar 1909 - 13 Aug 1923  Virendra Kishor Manikya            (b. 1883 - d. 1923)
17 Aug 1923 - 17 May 1947  Vira Vikrama Kishor Manikya        (b. 1908 - d. 1947)
17 May 1947 - 15 Aug 1947  Kirit Vikrama Manikya              (b. 1933 - d. 2006)

Udaipur [in Rajasthan]

      c.530                Mewar state founded; later also (and ultimately
                           predominantly) called Udaipur after the name of the capital

Rulers (title Maharana)
- Sisodhyia dynasty, Gohalot lineage -
       1698 - 10 Dec 1710  Amar Singh II                      (b. 1672 - d. 1710)
       1710 - 11 Jan 1734  Sangram Singh II                   (b. 1690 - d. 1734)
       1734 -  5 Jun 1751  Jagat Singh II                     (b. 1709 - d. 1751)
       1751 - 10 Jan 1753  Pratap Singh II                    (b. 1724 - d. 1753)
       1753 -  3 Apr 1761  Raj Singh II                       (b. 1743 - d. 1761)
       1761 -  9 Mar 1773  Ari Singh                          (b. ... - d. 1773)
       1773 -  6 Jan 1778  Hamir Singh II                     (b. 1762 - d. 1778)
18 Jun 1778 - 30 Mar 1828  Bhim Singh                         (b. 1768 - d. 1828)
31 Mar 1828 - 30 Aug 1838  Jawan Singh                        (b. ... - d. 1838)
30 Aug 1838 - 14 Aug 1842  Sardar Singh                       (b. 1798 - d. 1842)
14 Aug 1842 - 16 Nov 1861  Sarup Singh                        (b. 1815 - d. 1861)
27 Dec 1861 -  7 Oct 1874  Shambhu Singh                      (b. 1847 - d. 1874)
30 Oct 1874 - 23 Dec 1884  Sujan Singh                        (b. 1859 - d. 1884)
 4 Mar 1885 - 24 May 1930  Fateh Singh                        (b. 1849 - d. 1930)
24 May 1930 - 15 Aug 1947  Bhopal Singh                       (b. 1884 - d. 1955)

Udaipur [in Madhya Pradesh]

Rulers
        ... -        1852  Kalyan Singh
       1852 -        1860  vacant
       1860 -        1876  Lal Bindeshvari Prasad Singh
18 Mar 1876 -        1877  Dharmajit Singh
Rajas
       1877 -        1900  Dharmajit Singh
       1900 -  8 Dec 1926  Chandrashekhar Prasad Singh
       1926 - 15 Aug 1947  Chandra Chur Prasad Singh          (b. 1923)

Utkala (Orissa)

        ...                Kingdom of Utkala (Orissa) founded in remote (legendary)
                           antiquity
       1558                annexed by Bangala (Bengal)
       1578                incorporated into Mughal Empire
       1580/1609           Khurdha state established; its rulers styled kings of
                           Utkala (Orissa)
       1751 -        1803  under Mahratta suzerainty
       1871                state annexed to British India

Rajas
- Bhuyavamsha dynasty -
       1793 -        1808  Mukundadeva II
       1808 -        1857  Ramachandradeva III
       1857 -        1871  Dibvyasimhadeva III

Vala

       17..                Vala (Vallabhipur) state founded

Rulers (title Thakur Sahib)
       1798 -        1814  Meghabhai
      *1914 -        1943  Vakhatsinhji Meghrajji
       1943 - 15 Aug 1947  Gambhirsinhji Vakhatsinhji

Vankaner (Wankaner)

       1650                Vankaner state founded

Rulers (title Maharaja Raj Sahib)
- Jhala dynasty -
       1842 - 12 Jun 1881  Banesinhji                         (b. ... - d. 1881)
12 Jun 1881 - 15 Aug 1947  Amarsinhji Banesinhji              (b. 1879 - d. 1948)

Wadhwan

     c.1640                Wadhwan state founded

Rulers (title Thakur Sahib)
- Jhala dynasty -
       1875 -        1885  Dajiraj
20 May 1885 -        1910  Balasinhji Chandrasinhji
       1910 - 22 Feb 1918  Jashwantsinhji Balasinhji
23 Feb 1918 -        1934  Zorawarsinhji Jashwantsinhji
       1934 - 15 Aug 1947  Surendrasinhji                     (b. 1922)