Rulers: Myanmar

Shan and Karenni states


Note: "Burma" before 1948 consisted of the British colonial territory (covering the extinct kingdoms of "Burma," Talaing (Pegu), and Arakan, as well as some minor lands), together with two groups of states, whose status was similar to that of the Indian states: the Shan states and the Karenni states. "Shan" is a Burmese word, cognate with "Siam"; the Shan states are ethnically Tai, closely related to the majority population of Thailand; for a time they formed the "Shan State" in independent Burma. The Karenni states formed for a time the "Kayah State" in independent Burma.

Shan (Tai) states

Note: In the interest of comprehensiveness, a number of states are listed for which no record of rulers is available. The ruler of a major Shan (Tai) state is styled saohpa (Burmese: sawbwa); in minor states the ruler may be styled myoza or ngwegunhmu. Burmese names of the states are given in parentheses.

Hopong (Hopon)

Rulers (title Myoza)
        ... -        1900  Hkun Wara                          (b. ... - d. 1900)
       1900 -        1952  Hkun Law                           (b. 1896 - d. ...)

Hsahtung (Thaton)

Rulers (title Myoza)
       1896 -        19..  Hkun Law                           (b. 1874 - d. 19...)
       19.. -        1946  Khin Kyi                           (b. ... - d. 1946)

Hsamönghkam (Thamaingkan)

    bf.1700                Hsamönghkam state founded

Rulers (title Myoza)
       1807 -        18..  Maung Shwe Pon
       1825 -        1834  Maung Shwe E (1st time)
       1834 -        18..  Maung Me (1st time)
       18.. -        1847  Maung Shwe E (2nd time)
       1847 -        1848  Maung Me (2nd time)
 6 Nov 1848 -        1867  Maung Shwe Min (1st time)
       1867                Maung Lin (1st time)
       1867 -        18..  Maung Tha U
       18.. -        1876  Maung Kyi
       1876 -        18..  Maung Lin (2nd time)
       18.. -        1885  Maung Su Ka
       1885 -        1886  Maung Shwe Min (2nd time)
       1886 -        19..  Maung Hpo                          (b. 1854 - d. 19...)

Hsawnghsup (Thaungdut)

Rulers (title Saohpa)
        ... -         ...  Sao Aung Ba
      *1858 - 22 Oct 1880  Sao Shwe Maung
       1880 -        1893  Sao Kan Mun

Hsenwi (Theinni)

     bf.650                legendary foundation of Hsenwi (ritual name: Sivirattha)
   Mar 1888                state split into North Hsenwi and South Hsenwi

Rulers (title Saohpa)
       1778 -        1800  Sao Hswe Cheng = Kon
       1800 -        1815  Sao Hsö Kaw
       1815 -        1819  Mogaung Wun (regent)
       1819 -        1821  Sao Naw Möng
       1821 -        1824  Hkun Hkam Hkawt
       1824 -        1827  Sao Hkam Pak
       1827 -        1831  Sao Hkam Nan
       1831 -        1838  Sao Hkun Maung Lek
       1838 -        1845  Sao Hkam Leng = Hsö Hkan Hpa
       1845 -        1848  Sao Hseng Naw Hpa (1st time)
       1848 -        1853  vacant
       1853 -        1855  Sao Hseng Naw Hpa (2nd time)
       1855 -        1858  vacant
       1858 -        1860  Sao Hpa Mawng Hpa (1st time)
       1860 -        1863  vacant
       1863 -        1864  Sao Hpa Mawng Hpa (2nd time)
       1864 -        1866  Shwe Pyi Bo
       1866 -        1867  U Ma Nga
       1867 -        1869  Sao Hseng Naw Hpa (3rd time)
       1869 -        1873  vacant
       1873 -        1874  Win Hmu
       1874 -        1875  Sao Hseng Naw Hpa (4th time)
       1875 -        1876  Natsu Letya
       1876 -        1879  Sao Hseng Naw Hpa (5th time)
       1879 -    Mar 1888  Hkun Hsang Tone Hung               (b. 1856 - d. 1935)

North Hsenwi

Rulers (title Saohpa)
   Mar 1888 -        1915  Hkun Hsang Tone Hung               (s.a.)
   Jul 1927 -        1952  Sao Hom Hpa                        (b. 1906)

South Hsenwi

Rulers (title Saohpa)
   Mar 1888 -        1913  Sao Naw Möng                       (b. 1855 - d. 1913)
       1913 -        1946  Sao Song
       1946 -        1959  Sao Hso Hom

Hsihkip (Thigyit)

     c.1600                Hsihkip state founded
       1886                state incorporated into Yawnghwe

Rulers (title Myoza)
      *1800*               Hkun Chok
       18.. -        18..  Hkun Hpe
       18.. -        18..  Hkun Daw
       18.. -        18..  Maung Paw
       18.. -        18..  Maung Paik
       18.. -        18..  Hkun Hmom
       18.. -        18..  Hkam Lin (regent)
       184. -        184.  Hkun Nyun
       184. -        1848  Twet Kye (regent)
       1848 -        1851  Hkun Ywe
       1851 -        1862  Hkun Ton
       1863 -        1870  Son Hkun Hpon
       1870 -        1886  Maung Hnya

Hsipaw (Thibaw)

         58 BCE            legendary foundation of Hsipaw (ritual name: Dutavadi)

Rulers (title Saohpa)
       1788 -        1809  Sao Hswe Kya
       1809 -        1843  Sao Hkun Hkwi
       1843 -        1853  Sao Hkun Paw
       1853 -        1866  Sao Kya Htun
       1866 -  8 May 1902  Sao Kya Hkeng (from Mar 1886,
                           Sao Hkun Hseng)
       1902 -    May 1928  Sir Sao Hke                        (b. 1872 - d. 1928)
       1928 -        1938  Sao Ohn Kya                        (b. ... - d. 1938)
       1947 -        1962  Sao Kya Seng                       (b. 1924 - d. 1962)

Kehsi Mangam (Kyithi Bansan)

Rulers (title Myoza)
       1860 -        1881  Hkun Yawt
       1881 -        ...   Hkun Yawt Hseng                    (b. 1844 - d. ...)

Kengcheng (Kyaingchaing)

       1896                state incorporated into Kengtung

Ruler (title Ngwegunhmu)
       1813 -        18..  Hpaya Möng Hkon
       1882 -        1900* Hkun Hsang                         (b. 1862 - d. 19...)

Kenghkam (Kyaingkan)

       1811                Kenghkam state founded
       1870 -        1874  state incorporated into Möngnai
       1878 -        1882  state incorporated into Möngnai

Rulers (title Myoza)
       1811 -        1854  Bodaw Sao Hkam Yi
       1855 -        1864  Sao Hkun Mwe
       1864 -        1870  Naw Hkam Leng
       1874 -        1878  Sao Hkun Long
       1882 -        188.  Sao Naw Süng
       188. -        19..  Hkun Un

Kenglön (Kyainglon)

Rulers (title Myoza)
       1857 -        1873  Maung Pwin
       1873 -        1874  Naw Hkam U
       1874 -        1888  Hkun Tawn
       1888 -        19..  Hkun Mawng                         (b. 1844 - d. 19...)

Kengtawng

Rulers
        ... -         ...  ...

Kengtung (Kyaington)

        ...                Kengtung state (ritual name: Khemarattha) founded in
                           legendary antiquity
       1802 -        18..  occupied by Chhiangmay (now in Thailand)
       18.. -        1813  occupied by Burma

Rulers (title Saohpa; ritual style Khemadhipati Rajadhiraja)
       1787 -        1802  Sao Möng Hsam
       1813 -        1857  Sao Maha Hkanan
       1857 -        1876  Sao Maha Pawn
       1876 -        1880  Sao Hseng
       1880 -        1886  Sao Kawng Tai
       1886 -        1895  Sao Kawn Kham Hpu
       1895 -        1935  Sao Kawn Kyaw Intaleng
       1945 -        1962  Sao Sailong Mangrai                (b. 1927 - d. 1997)

Kyawkku Hsiwan (Kyaukku)

     c.1600                Kyawkku Hsiwan state founded

Rulers (title Ngwegunhmu)
       1783 -        1820  Nga Kaw Tha
       1820 -        1821  Nga Thi Ri
       1821 -        1843  Nga Chit Win
       1844 -        1852  Nga Shwe Maung I (1st time)
       1852 -        1856  Nga Shwe Yit (regent)
       1856 -        1863  Nga Shwe Maung I (2nd time)
       1863 -        1865  Nga Yan Kon (regent)
       1865 -        1873  Nga San
       1873 -        1874  Nga Shwe Maung II (regent)
       1874 -        1876  Nga Tha U (regent)
       1876 -        1877  Nga Tun (regent)
       1877 -        1893  Maung Thaing                       (b. 1849 - d. 1893)

Kyong (Kyon)

Rulers (title Ngwegunhmu)
       1867 -         ...  Maung Po                           (b. 1841 - d. ...)

Laihka (Legya)

       1505                Laihka state (ritual name: Hansavadi) founded

Rulers (title Myoza)
       1734 -        1794  Khun Lek
       1794 -        1803  Law Na
       1803 -        1807  La Hkam
       1807 -        18..  Hkun Lek
Rulers (title Saohpa; ritual style Kambawsa Rahta Mahawunths Thiri Thudamaraza)
       18.. -        1854  Hkun Lek
       1854 -        1856  Shwe Ok Hka = Shwe Taung Kyaw
       1856 -        1860  Hkun Long
       1860 -        1862  Sao Hkam Mawng (1st time)
       1862 -        1866  Hkun Hkawt
       1866 -        1868  ... (f)
       1868 -        1879  Sao Hkam Mawng (2nd time)
       1879 -        1882  vacant
       1882 -        1928  Hkun Lai                           (b. 1858 - d. 1928)
       1928 -        1952  Sao Num

Lawksawk (Yatsauk)

       1630                Lawksawk state founded (old name Rathawadi)
       1881 -        1886  occupied by Yawnghwe

Rulers (title Saohpa; ritual style Kambawsa Rahta Maha Thiriwuntha Thudama)
       1791 -        1811  Hkun Sam Lik
   May 1812 -        1813  On Gaing
       1813 -        1850  Hkun Shwe Ek
       1850 -    Dec 1854  vacant
   Dec 1854 -        1881  Sao Waing (1st time)               (b. 1846 - d. 1896)
       1886 -    Jan 1887  Sao Waing (2nd time)               (s.a.)
   Jan 1887 -    Oct 1887  Bo Saing (regent)
 9 Oct 1887 -        1900  Hkun Nu
       1900 -        1943  Sao Hkun Nsok                      (b. 1863 - d. 1943)
       1943 -        1952  Sao Hkun So

Loi-ai (Lwe-e)

Rulers (title Ngwegunhmu)
        ... -        1814  Paw Kyi
       1814 -        1834  Maung Shwe
       1834 -        1864  Kaw Thaw
       1864 -        1868  Maung Kaing
       1868 -        1870  vacant
       1870 -         ...  Hkun Shwe Kya

Loilong (Lwelong)

Rulers (title Ngwegunhmu)
        ... -        1854  Hkun Na                            (b. ... - d. 1854)
       1854 -        1856  Hkun San Da                        (b. ... - d. 1856)
       1856 -        1880  Hkun Pu = La Mu                    (b. ... - d. 1882)
Rulers (title Myoza)
       1880 -        1882  Hkun Pu = La Mu                    (s.a.)
       1883 -         ...  Hkun Hkam Chok                     (b. 1874 - d. ...)

Loimaw (Lwemaw)

     c.1800                Loimaw state founded

Rulers (title Ngwegunhmu)
        ... -        1834  Maung Hpo Gok
       1834 -        1844  Maung Hpo Saw
       1844 -        1847  Maung Lok
       1847                Maung Shwe Daung
       1847 -        1874  Maung Shwe Pyi (1st time)
       1874 -        1876  vacant
       1876 -        1877  Maung Kya
12 Feb 1878 -        1880  Maung Meik
       1880 -        1886  Maung Chit
       1886                Maung At
       1886 -        19..  Maung Shwe Pyi (2nd time)
       1902 -              Hkun Kyaw                          (b. 1861 - d. 19...)

Manglön

       1814                Manglön state founded (ritual name: Jambularattha)

Rulers (title Saohpa)
       1814 -        1822  Hsö Hkam = Ta Awng                 (b. ... - d. 1822)
       1822 -        1852  Sao Hkun Sang
       1852 -        1853  Uyaraza                            (b. ... - d. 1853)
       1853 -        1860  Naw Hpa                            (b. ... - d. 1860)
       1860 -        1881  Tön Hsang                          (b. 1825 - d. 1881)
       1877 -        1892    Sao Maha (in West Manglön)
       1892 -        1919  Tön Hsang Hang
       1919 -        1946  Saw Hka Nan                        (b. 1892 - d. 1946)
       1946 -        1952  Sao Man Laik                       (b. 1922)

Maw (Baw)

Rulers (title Ngwegunhmu)
        ... -         ...  ...

Mawkmai (Maukme)

       1767                Mawkmai state founded (ritual name: Lokavadi)

Rulers (title Saohpa; ritual style Kambawsa Rahta Mahawuntha Thiriraza)
       1767 -      c.1800  Hsai Khiao
       1800 -        1818  Hsai Kyaw
       1818 -        1824  Awk Hkun
       1824 -        1831  Let To
       1831 -        1844  Hkam U
       1844 -        1867  Ko Lan (1st time)
       1867 -        1868  Hkum Hmôm I
       1868 -        1887  Ko Lan (2nd time)
       1887 -        1888  Hkun Hmôm II (1st time)
   Mar 1888 -        1888  Hkun Noi Kyu
       1888 -        ...   Hkun Hmôm II (2nd time)
       1899 -        ...   Hkun Htun Peng                     (b. 1883 - d. ...)
       1915 -        1952  Hkun Hkaing

Mawnang (Bawnin)

Rulers (title Myoza)
       1774 -         ...  Maung Myat (2nd time)
        ... -         ...  Naw Hkam Lin
        ... -         ...  Maung Kaung
        ... -         ...  Maung Pot
        ... -         ...  Maung Maung
        ... -        1883  Hkun Hkam
       1883 -        1886  Hkun Shwe Hkam (regent)
       1886 -         ...  Sao Hkim                           (b. 1851 - d. ...)

Mawsön (Bawzaing)

Rulers (title Ngwegunhmu)
       1784 -         ...  Maung Pwe
        ... -         ...  Maung Kyaw
        ... -         ...  Maung Waing
        ... -         ...  Maung Nyun
       1878 -         ...  Maung Kya Ywet                     (b. 1851 - d. ...)

Mönghsu (Maingshu) and Möngsang (Maingsin)

       1857                Mönghsu and Möngsang states, in personal union, founded

Rulers (title Myoza)
       1857 -        1876  ...
       1876 -        ...   Hkun Kyaw                          (b. 1845 - d. ...)

Möngkawng (Mogaung)

         58 BCE            legendary foundation of Möngkawng state
                           (ritual name: Udiri Pale)
       1479 -        1483  occupied by China
       1495 -        1495  occupied by China
       1651 -        1742  occupied by Burma
       1771 -        1775  occupied by Burma
       1796                incorporated into Burma

Ruler (title Saohpa)
       1785 -        1796  Yaw Pan Kyung

Möngküng (Maingkaing)

       1835                Möngküng state founded (ritual name: Langkavadi)

Ruler (title Myoza)
       1835 -        1860  Hkun Long
       1860 -        1883  ...
       1883 -        ...   Hkun Mong                          (b. 1873 - d. ...)

Möngleng (Mohlaing)

Rulers (title Myoza)
      *1840*               Kya U
       18.. -        1887  Hkam Leng

Mönglong

    af.1894                incorporated into Hsipaw

Rulers (title Myoza)
      *1813 -        1842  Hsö Han Hpa
       1842 -        1854  Hsö San Hpa = Hkun Hsa
       1854 -        1866  Hsö Kawn Kyawng
       1866 -        18..  Hkun Nyon
       18.. -        1880  Hkun Yawt
       1880 -        188.  Heng Nga Maung
       188. -        1888  Hkun Saing = Hsawng
       1888 -        1894  Hkun Hsa
       1894 -         ...  Sao Hke

Möngmao

        568                Möngmao state founded
    af.1604                state extinguished

Möngmit (Momeik)

       1238                Möngmit state founded (ritual name: Gandalarattha)

Rulers (title Saohpa; ritual style Gantalarahta Maha Thiriwuntha Raza)
      *1830*               Maung Hmaing
      *1837*               Maung E Pu (1st time)
       1850 -        1851  Maung E Pu (2nd time)
       1851 -        1858  Hkun Te
       1858 -        1861  Haw Kyin
       1862 -        18..  Maung Yo
       18.. -        1874  Hkam Mo
       1874 -        1886  vacant
       1886 -        1887  Hkam Leng
       1887 -        1936  Sao Kin Maung Gye                  (b. 1884 - d. 1936)
       1887 -        1892    Sao Maung (regent)               (b. 1848 - d. 1929)
   Feb 1937 -        1952  Sao Hkun Hkio                      (b. 1912 - d. 1990)

Möngnai (Mone)

    bf.1800                Möngnai state founded (ritual name: Saturambha)

Rulers (title Saohpa; ritual style Kambawsa Rahta Mahawunthiri Pawara Thudamaraza)
       1850 -        1875  Hkun Nu Nom
       1875 -        1914  Hkun Kyi                           (b. 1847 - d. 1914)
 6 May 1914 -        1928  Hkun Kyaw Sam
       1928 -        1949  Hkun Kyaw Ho                       (b. ... - d. 1949)
       1949 -        1958  Sao Pye

Möngnawng (Maingnaung)

Rulers (title Myoza)
       1851 -        1866  Heng Awn
       1866 -        1868  Hkun Hkang
       1868 -        19..  Hkun Tun                           (b. 1858 - d. 19...)

Möngpai (Mobye)

Rulers (title Saohpa; ritual style Kambawsa Mahawuntha Thiridamaraza)
        ... -        1803  ...
       1803 -        1805  Hkun Pya (2nd time)
       1805 -        1808  Hkam Maung
       1808 -        1820  Hkam Hlaing (1st time)
       1820 -        1823  Nga Kyi (regent)
       1823 -    Jul 1836  Hkam Hlaing (2nd time)
       1836 -    Feb 1891  Hkun Yon
       1891 -        1908  Hkun Hsvriya                       (b. 1853 - d. 1908)
       1908 -        1952  Sao Pin Nya

Möngpan (Maingpan)

       1737                Möngpan state founded (ritual name: Dhannavadi)

Rulers (title Myoza)
        ... -        1808  Naw Hkam
       1809 -        1823  Mana Ne Myo
       1823 -        1858  Maung Shwe Hkam
       1858 -        1867  Hkun Tun U
Rulers (title Saohpa; ritual style Kambawsa Mahawuntha Thirdamaraza)
       1867 -        1886  Hkun Tun U
       1886 -        1918  Hkun Num Leng                      (b. 1869 - d. 1918)
       1918 -        1952  Hkun On

Möngpawn (Maingpun)

    bf.1800                Möngpawn state founded (ritual name: Rajjavadi)

Rulers (title Myoza)
       1816 -        1853  Hkun Lek
       1853 -        1880  Hkun Ti                            (b. 1847 - d. 1928)
Rulers (title Saohpa)
       1880 -        1928  Hkun Ti                            (s.a.)
       1928 - 19 Jul 1947  Sao Sam Htun                       (b. 1907 - d. 1947)
       1947 -        1962  Sao Hso Hom

Möngping (Maingpyin)

    af.1842                incorporated into Lawksawk

Rulers
       1835 -        1842  Hkam Hlaing
       1842 -         ...  Hkam Kaw

Möngsit (Maingseik)

Rulers (title Myoza)
       1816 -        18..  ...
       18.. -        1857  Sao Haw Pik
       1857 -        18..  Hkun Kyaw San
       18.. -        1873  Hkun Lu
       1873 -        1876  ...
       1876 -        1880  ...
       1880 -        1883  vacant
       1883 -         ...  Hkam Pwin                          (b. 1861 - d. ...)

Möngtung (Maington)

       1886 -        1888  occupied by Hsenwi

Rulers (title Myoza)
        ... -         ...  Hkun Sang Kang
        ... -         ...  Hkun Kyaw Htam
        ... -        1886  Hkun Hsa
       1888 -        1896  Hkun Lun
       1896 -        19..  Haw Yawt

Möngyang (Mohnyin)

    bf.1400                Möngyang state established
       1579 -        1584  occupied by Burma
    af.1604                incorporated into Burma

Möngyawng

       17..                Möngyawng state founded
       1814                incorporated into Kengtung

Rulers (title Myoza)
       17.. -         ...  Inta Wasai
        ... -         ...  ...
        ... -         ...  Hsen Sulin = Surin Pumintha
        ... -         ...  Hsai Ya Kuman
        ... -         ...  Sao Yawt

Namhkai (Nanke)

Rulers (title Ngwegunhmu)
       1808 -        18..  Nga Dammaa
       18.. -        1867  Hkun Pe                            (b. ... - d. 1867)
       1867 -        1874  Hkun Pan (1st time)                (b. ... - d. 1891)
       1874 -        1876  vacant
       1876 -        1888  Hkun Hwaing
       1888 - 13 Jan 1891  Hkun Pan (2nd time)                (s.a.)
       1891 -        19..  Hkun Kye                           (b. 1862 - d. 19...)

Namhkok (Nankok)

Rulers (title Myoza)
       1900 -         ...  Hkun Myat                          (b. 1889 - d. ...)

Namhkom (Nankon)

Rulers
        ... -         ...  ...

Namtok (Nantok)

Rulers
        ... -         ...  Maung Shwe Tha
        ... -        1816  Tha Zan                            (b. ... - d. 1816)
       1816 -        18..  Maung Yi
Rulers (title Ngegunhmu)
       18.. -        18..  Maung Yi
       18.. -        18..  Hkun Taw
       18.. -        18..  Hkun Pwe
       18.. -        18..  Hkun Pwang
       18.. -        18..  Hkun Hmam
       18.. -  9 Oct 1892  Hkun Pu                            (b. ... - d. 1892)
       1892 -         ...  Hkun Maung                         (b. 1866 - d. ...)

Nawngwawn (Naungwun or Naungmon)

Rulers (title Myoza)
       1894 -         ...  Sao Htun Ok                        (b. 1882 - d. ...)

Pangmi (Pinhmi)

Rulers (title Ngegunhmu)
       1901 -         ...  Maung Nyun                         (b. 1871 - d. 19...)

Pangtara (Pindara)

Rulers (title Ngwegunhmu)
       1796 -        1802  Maung Than
       1802 -        1809  Maung Pe I
       1809 -        1819  Maung Khan U
       1819 -        1843  Maung Shwe Min
       1843 -        184.  Mi Thit (f)
       184. -        184.  Mi Sit (f)
       184. -        1850  Maung Hpo Eik
       1850 -        1851  Maung Shwe Thi (regent)
       1851 -        1857  Maung Myat Hpu
       1857 -        1859  Maung Pe II
       1859 -        1860  Maung Lun Ya (1st time)
       1860 -        1861  Maung Hpo
       1862 -        1868  Maung Than (1st time) (regent)
       1868 -        1869  Maung Lun Ya (2nd time)
       1869 -        1871  Maung Than (2nd time)
       1871 -        1877  vacant
       1877 -        1878  Maung Lun Ya (3rd time)
       1878 -        1880  vacant
       1880 -        188.  Maung Lun Ya (4th time)
       188. -        1888  vacant
       1888 -  6 Jan 1897  Maung Hpo Hkin                     (b. ... - d. 1897)
       1897 -        19..  Maung Sun Nyo                      (b. 1889 - d. 19...)

Poila (Pwehla)

Rulers (title Myoza)
       1876 -         ...  Sao Nyun                           (b. 1858 - d. ...)

Sakoi (Sagwe)

Rulers (title Myoza)
        ... -        1877  Hkun ...
       1877 -         ...  Hkun Htun                          (b. 1848 - d. ...)

Samka (Saga)

       1636                Samka state founded
       1872 -        1873  occupied by Hsenwi

Rulers (title Myoza)
        ... -        1838  Hkun Ye
       1838 -        1858  Hkun Sun (1st time)
       1858 -        1860  Hkun Noi (1st time)
       1860 -        1872  Hkun Sun (2nd time)
       1873 -        1876  Sao Sein Bu (1st time)             (b. 1856 - d. 1915)
       1876 -        1883  Hkun Noi (2nd time)
       1883 -        1885  Hkun Pwin
   Dec 1885 -        1915  Sao Sein Bu (2nd time)             (s.a.)
       1915 -        1946  Hkun Kyi

Singaling Hkamti (Zingalein Kamti)

       1820                Singaling Hkamti state founded

Rulers (title Myoza)
       1820 -        1844  Sao Nyi Kaung
       1844 -        1853  Sao Ai
       1853 -        1882  Sao Hi
       1882 -        1886  Sao ...
       1887 -        1892  Sao Ni Taung
       1892 -        1894  Sao Hon = Po Hlaung
       1894 -        1898  Ma Pu (f)
       1898 -        1927  Sao E
       1927 -        1952  Maung Ba Thein

Tawnpeng (Taungbaing)

       1753                Tawnpeng state founded (ritual name: Pappatasara)

Rulers (title Saohpa)
       1753 -        1759  Ta Dwe Ba
       1760 -        1764  Ba Hkun Mya
       1764 -        1775  Ba Hkun Saing
       1775 -        1781  Ba Dwe Taw
       1781                Ba Loi Lio
       1781 -        1819  Ba Hkun Kein Möng
       1819 -        1837  Ba Hkun Hso
       1837 -        1846  Ba Hkun Tan Möng
       1847 -  4 Sep 1856  Shwe Ok Hka = Shwe Taung Kyaw
       1856 -        1865  Hkun Hsa = Ba Hkam Hkun Shinye
       1865 -        1868  Aung Tha
       1868 -        1877  Kwan Kon
       1877 -        1887  Hkun Hkam Möng
       1888 -        1897  Hkam Tan Möng = Hkun Kyan
       1897 -        1926  Hkun Hsan Gawn                     (b. 1871 - d. 1926)
   Aug 1926 -        1952  Hkun Pan Sing                      (b. 1894 - d. ...)

Wanmaw (Bhamo)

       1470                Wanmaw state founded
       1669 -        1685  occupied by Burma
       1767 -        1770  occupied by Burma
       1772                incorporated into Burma

Wanyin (Banyin)

Ruler
       1865 -        1874  Hkun Saw
Rulers (title Myoza)
       1874 -        1893  Hkun Saw
       1893 -    Jul 1897  Hkun Long
       1897 -        19..  Hkun Han

Wuntho

    bf.1200                Wuntho state founded
 7 Feb 1891                incorporated into Möngpai

Rulers (title Saohpa)
       1798 -        1827  Maung Tha Ywe
       1827 -        1829  vacant
       1829 -        1830  Maung Shwe
       1830 -        1833  Maung Pe Nge
       1833 -        18..  Shwe Thi
       1849 -        1851  San Tit
       1852 -        1878  Mama Shwe Tha
                           (from 1866, Mahawuntho Thohonbwa)
       1878 -  7 Feb 1891  Maung Aung Myat

Yawnghwe (Nyaungywe)

       1359                Yawnghwe state founded (ritual name: Kambosarattha)

Rulers (title Saohpa; ritual style Kambawsarahta Thiri Pawaramahawuntha Thudamaraza)
       1762 -        1815  Sao Yun
       1815 -        1818  Sao Se U I
       1818 -        1821  Naw Mong II
       1821 -        1852  Sao Se U II
       1852 -        1858  Sao Se Hom
       1858 -        1864  Sao Naw Hpa
23 Oct 1864 -        1886  Sao Maung (1st time)               (b. 1848 - d. 1926)
       1886 -        1897  Sao On
       1897 -    Dec 1926  Sao Maung (from 19..., Sir Sao
                           Maung) (2nd time)                  (s.a.)
   Sep 1927 -        1952  Sao Shwe Thaike                    (b. 1896 - d. 1962)

Yengan (Ywangan)

Rulers (title Ngwegunhmu)
       1886 -         ...  Maung Thu Daw                      (b. 1878 - d. ...)

Karenni (Kayah) states

Bawlake

Rulers
      *1810*               Po Bya
      *1850*               La Kye
       1872 - 23 Jan 1892  Paban                              (b. 1857 - d. 1916)
Rulers (title Myoza)
23 Jan 1892 -        1916  Paban                              (s.a.)
       1916 -        1948  Hkun Nge                           (b. 1894 - d. ...)

Kantarawadi

Rulers
      *1837*               Maung Pon = Pe Baw
      *1845*               Papaw Kyi
      *1850*               Sao Lasa
       18.. -        1866  Sao Pyatin
       1866 -        1868  Sao Law Paw                        (b. ... - d. 1891)
Rulers (title Myoza)
       1868 -        1889  Sao Law Paw                        (s.a.)
28 Jan 1889 -        1901  Sao Lawi                           (b. 1852 - d. 1930)
Rulers (title Sawbwa)
       1901 -        1930  Sao Lawi                           (s.a.)
       1930 -        1948  vacant

Kyebogyi

Ruler
       1890 - 23 Jan 1892  Hkun U                             (b. 1857 - d. 1933)
Rulers (title Myoza)
23 Jan 1892 -        1933  Hkun U                             (s.a.)
       1933 -        1948  vacant

Nammekon

Rulers
        ... - 23 Jan 1892  ...
Rulers (title Myoza)
23 Jan 1892 -        1899  ...
       1899 -        19..  Hkun Baw                           (b. 1870 - d. 19...)

Naungpale

Rulers
        ... - 23 Jan 1892  ...
Rulers (title Myoza)
23 Jan 1892 -        1897  ...
       1897 -        19..  Hkun Che                           (b. 1857 - d. 19...)