Rulers: Angola

Traditional polities


Kongo

Note: Although the Kongo Kingdom encompassed a large area in present-day Congo (Kinshasa), it is recorded here because its capital city has always been in present-day Angola. The record for the 18th and early 19th century is very obscure and there are conflicting lists of rulers and dates up to Pedro V.
     c.1450                Kongo dya Ntotila, the Kongo Kingdom, founded

Kings (styled Ntotila a Ntinu ne Kongo)
- Afonso lineage -
       1793 -        1802  Henrique III Afonso Nlengi
       1802                Álvaro XI Afonso Kafvasa
       1802 -        1830  Garcia V Afonso Ne Nkanga a Nvembi
       1830 -        18..  ...
       18.. -        18..  André II Afonso
       18.. -        1842  André III Afonso Ndondele Beya
       1842 -        1858  Henrique IV Afonso Lunga
       1858 -        1859  Álvaro XII Afonso
 7 Aug 1859 - 14 Feb 1891  Pedro V Afonso
       1891 -        1896  Álvaro XIII Afonso Mfutila
       1896 -        1901  Henrique Afonso Nteye Kpage (regent)
       1901 -        1912  Pedro VI Afonso Mvemba
       1912 -        1915  Manuel III Afonso
       1915 -        1923  Álvaro XIV Afonso Nzinga
       1923 - 17 Apr 1955  Pedro VII Afonso                   (b. ... - d. 1955)
16 Aug 1955 - 11 Jul 1957  António III Afonso                 (b. ... - d. 1957)
11 Jul 1957 -  9 Sep 1962  Isabel Maria da Gama (f)
                           (1st time) (regent)
 9 Sep 1962 -    Oct 1962  Pedro VIII Afonso                  (b. ... - d. 1962)
   Oct 1962 -         ...  Isabel Maria da Gama (f)
                           (2nd time) (regent)

Kasanzi

     c.1616                Luba state of Kasanzi (Kazanye) founded
       1911                state extinguished by colonial power

Rulers (title Yaka)
- Balopwe dynasty -
        ... -        1848  Mbumba (1st time)
       1848 -        1853  ...
       1853 -         ...  Mbumba (2nd time)
        ... -        1911  Kandumba Kapenda kwa Mbangu

Kanhama

     c.1700                Kanhama state founded

Rulers
- Cahongo dynasty -
        ... -        1804  Simbilinga
       1804 -        1854  Haimbili "o Bom"
       1854 -        18..  Haikukutu
       18.. -        18..  Siefeni
       18.. -        18..  Osipandika
       18.. -        1884  Nampandi
       1884 -        1904  Uedjulu
       1904 -        1911  Nande
       1911 -        1917  Nandume

Ovimbundu states

Note: This is a large cluster of states, founded at various times from c.1600.

Cingolo

Rulers
      *1800*               Ekundi
      *1820*               Ulundu
      *1840*               Kalukongolo
      *1860*               Kalueyo I
      *1870*               Cimina
      *1880*               Kalueyo II
      *1890*               Cimbalandongolo
      *1900*               Nandi

Ciyaka

Rulers
      *1810*               Atende II
      *1820*               Cikoko I
       18.. -        18..  Kuvombo-inene
       18.. -        18..  Ndumbu III
      *1835*               Handa II Kaciyombo
       1842 -        1850  Njimbi Ukulundu
       1850 -        1870  Canja I Cimbua Cahuku Luanjangombe III
       1870 -        1898  Handa Njundo
       1898 -        1904  Cilulu III
       1904 -        1911  Handa III
       1911 -        1915  Atende III
       1915 -        1918  Cikoko II
       1918 -        1920  vacant
       1920 -        1925  Cilulu IV
       1925 -        1928  Handa IV Kalumbombo
       1929 -        1939  Sakulanda Luanjangombe IV
       1939 -        1940  Cilulu V
       1940 -         ...  Tomasi

Gumba

Rulers
      *1903*               Ciweka
       19.. -        1934  Mbati
       1935 -        1938  Simbwyikoka (regent)
       1938 -        1940  Kakope
       1940 -        1954  Kafelo
       1954 -        1956  Kutenga Lusase
       1956 -        1964* Cilombo

Kalembe

Rulers
      *1810*               Njundu
      *1835*               Cinguangua II
      *1850*               Cikomo
      *1860*               Ndumba
      *1895*               Nyime
      *1900*               Sakatilo

Kalukembe

Rulers
      *1835*               Ndumbu Saciyambu
      *1845*               Keita Hungulu
      *1850*               Kamupula
      *1860*               Ngandu Kapembe
       18.. -        18..  vacant
      *1880*               Pomba Kalukembe
      *1890*               Muengo Njamba
        ... -         ...  Kavala Hungulu

Mbailundu

Rulers
     c.1700                Katiavala I
     c.1720                Njahulu I
        ...                Somandulo
      *1774 -        1776* Cingi I
      *1778*               Cingi II
      *1780*               Ekuikui I
        ...                Numa I
        ...                Hundungulu I
        ...                Cisende I
        ...                Njunjulu
        ...                Ngungi
        ...                Civukuvuku
       1818 -        1832  Utondosi I
       1833 -        1842  Bungi
       1842 -        1861  Mbonge
       1861 -        1869  Cisende II
       1869 -        1872  Vasovãvã
       1872 -        1876  Ekongo-liohombo
       1876 -        1890  Ekuikui II                         (b. ... - d. 1893)
       1890 -        1892  Numa II
       1893 -        1895  Katiavala II
       1895 -        1896  Moma
       1897 -        1898  Kangovi
       1898 -        1900  Hundungulu II
       1900 -        1902  Kalandula
       1903 -        1904  Mutu ya Kevela (regent)
       1904 -        1911  Cisende III
       1911 -        1935  Njahulu II Kandimba
       1935 -        1938  Musita
       1938 -        1948  Cinendele
       1948 -        1970  Filipe Kapoko
       1970 -        1982  Félix Numa
       1982 -        1985  Congolola
       1985 -        1996  Ekuikui III                        (b. ... - d. 1996)
       1996 -        1999  Utondosi II (named by UNITA)
       2002 - 14 Jan 2012  Ekuikui IV                         (b. 1913? - d. 2012)

Ndulu

Rulers
      *1800*               Cindele
      *1810*               Mbundi
      *1835*               Siakalembe
      *1850*               Lusãse
      *1870 -        1890  Elundu Civava
       1890 -        189.  Civange
      *1897*               Cipati
      *1900*               Cisusulu
       190. -        190.  Kasuanje
       190. -        190.  Siakanjimba
      *1904*               Ndingilinya
       19.. -        19..  Sihinga
      *1910*               Congolola
      *1917*               Cisokokua
       19.. -        1935  Cihopio
       1935 -         ...  Sangombe Esita (regent)

Ngalangi

Rulers
        ... -         ...  Ndumba II Cihongo
      *1835*               Kambuenge II
      *1844 -        1860  Ndumba III Epope Kateyavilombo
       1860 -        18..  Etumbu Lutate
      *1886*               Ndumbu I
      *1890*               Ekumbi
      *1895*               Cihongo II
      *1899*               Ciyo
      *1905*               Cipala
      *1916*               Kangombe
      *1920*               Ngangawe
       192. -        192.  Cuvika
      *1925*               Cikuetekole
       19.. -        1931  Mbumba Kambuakatepa
       1931 -        1933  Cingelesi
       1933 -        1935  Ndumbu II
       1935 -         ...  Congolola

Sambu

Rulers
        ... -         ...  Handa
      *1810*               Usinhalua II
      *1820*               Kambangula
      *1835*               Congolola
        ... -         ...  Lundungu
        ... -         ...  Ekuikui
        ... -         ...  Mandi
      *19..*               Citangeleka Komundakeseke

Viye

Rulers
       1795 -        1810  Kawewe
       1810 -        1833  Moma Vasovãvã
       1833 -        1839  Mbandua
       1839 -        1842  Kakembembe Hundungulu
       1842 -        1847  Liambula
       1847 -        1850  Kayangula
       1850 -        1857  Mukinda (regent)
       1857 -        1859  Nguvenge
       1860 -        1883  Konya Cilemo
       1883 -        1886  Ciponge Njambayamina
       1886 -        1888  Ciyoka
       1888 -        1890  Cikunyu Ndunduma
       1890 -        1895  Kalufele
       1895 -        1901  Kaninguluka
       1901 -        1903  Ciyuka (1st time)
       1903 -        1915  Kavova
       1915 -        1928  Ngungu
       1928 -        1940  Ciyuka (2nd time)

Wambu

       1902                state extinguished by colonial power

Rulers
      *1800*               Kahala I Kanene
      *1805*               Vilombo II Vinene Kaneketela II
       1813 -        1825  Cingi II Cinene Livonge
       1825 -        1840  Ngelo II Yale
       1840 -    Apr 1846  Ciasungu Kiapungo
       1846 -        1860  Kapoko II
       1860 -        1870  Atende II a Njamba
       1870 -        1877  Vilombo III Kacingangu
       1877 -        1885  Hungulu II Kapusukusu
       1885 -        1891  Wambu II
       1891 -        1894  Njamba Cimbungu
       1894 -        1902  Livonge