Rulers

July 2024

1

Australia: Sam Mostyn is sworn in as governor-general.
Bulgaria: President Rumen Radev mandates Rosen Zhelyazkov (proposed by GERB-SDS) to form a new government. Zhelyazkov immediately announces his proposed cabinet, including Daniel Mitov as foreign minister, while Atanas Zapryanov is to remain defense minister, Kalin Stoyanov interior minister, and Lyudmila Petkova finance minister. On July 3 parliament rejects Zhelyazkov (138-98).
Comoros: In a cabinet reshuffle, Mbae Mohamed is appointed foreign minister and Ibrahim Mohamed Abdourazak finance minister.
Panama: José Raúl Mulino takes office as president, with his cabinet (see May 5).
Sweden: Former governor of Uppsala (1992-97) Jan-Erik Wikström dies.
Switzerland: Isaac Reber becomes president of the government of Basel-Land, Reto Wyss president of the government of Luzern, Res Schmid Landammann of Nidwalden, Christian Schäli Landammann of Obwalden, and Michael Stähli Landammann of Schwyz.
United States: Suzanne LaFrance is sworn in as mayor of Anchorage.

2

Belgium: Oliver Paasch is again sworn in as minister-president of the German-speaking community.
Congo (Kinshasa): Jean Bakomito Gambu takes office as governor of Haut-Uélé, Iron-Van Kalombo Musoko as governor of Lomami, and Jean-Collins Makaka Pap'Ekaka as governor of Mongala.
Egypt: A reshuffled cabinet is announced (sworn in July 3) with Badr Abdelatty as foreign minister, Abdul Majid Saqr as defense minister, and Ahmed Kouchouk as finance minister.
The Netherlands: Dick Schoof is sworn in as prime minister, with a cabinet including Caspar Veldkamp as foreign minister, Ruben Brekelmans as defense minister, Judith Uitermark as interior minister, and Eelco Heinen as finance minister.
Réunion: Former prefect (1998-2001) Jean Daubigny dies.

3

Colombia: Juan Fernando Cristo is appointed interior minister.
Congo (Kinshasa): Willy Bitwisila takes office as governor of Kwango.
France: Former foreign minister (1984-86, 1988-93) Roland Dumas dies.
Nepal: The ministers of the Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist-Leninist), including Defense Minister Hari Prasad Upreti, resign. On July 12 Prime Minister Pushpa Kamal Dahal loses a confidence vote in parliament, winning only 63 votes (138 needed), with 194 against.
South Africa: The new cabinet (see June 14) is sworn in.

4

Mexico: President-elect Claudia Sheinbaum designates Rosa Icela Rodríguez as interior minister.
United Kingdom: In parliamentary elections, Labour wins 33.7% of the vote (412 of 650 seats), the Conservatives 23.7% (121), Reform UK 14.3% (5), the Liberal Democrats 12.2% (72), the Green Party 6.7% (4), the Scottish National Party 2.5% (9), independents 2.0% (6), Sinn Féin 0.7% (7), the Workers Party of Britain 0.7% (0), Plaid Cymru 0.7% (4), and the Democratic Unionist Party 0.6% (5). Turnout is 59.9%. On July 5 Sir Keir Starmer is appointed prime minister. He appoints David Lammy as foreign secretary, John Healey as defence secretary, Yvette Cooper as home secretary, and Rachel Reeves as chancellor of the exchequer; they take office July 6.

5

Congo (Kinshasa): The government adopts a 76th extension of the state of siege in Ituri and Nord-Kivu.
Iran: In the presidential runoff, Masoud Pezeshkian wins 54.8% of the vote and Saeed Jalili 45.2%. Turnout is 49.8%.
Mongolia: Parliament reappoints (unanimously) Luvsannamsrai Oyun-Erdene as prime minister. On July 10 he appoints a cabinet including Sandag Byambatsogt as defense minister and Oyunsaikhan Altangerel as internal affairs minister; Batmunkh Battsetseg remains foreign minister and Boldyn Javkhlan finance minister.
South Sudan: It is announced that presidential and parliamentary elections (the first since independence) will take place on December 22.

6

Peru: Former prime minister (1998) Javier Valle Riestra dies.
Sri Lanka: Former governor of North Eastern province (1993-94) Lionel Fernando dies.

7

France: In the second round of parliamentary elections, the National Rally and allies win 37.1% of the vote and a total of 142 of 577 seats, the New Popular Front 25.7% (178), Ensemble! 23.1% (150), the Republicans 5.4% (39), and miscellaneous right 3.6% (27). Turnout is 66.6%. Prime Minister Gabriel Attal announces his resignation; on July 8 President Emmanuel Macron asks him to stay in office for the time being.
Japan: In gubernatorial elections in Tokyo, incumbent Yuriko Koike is reelected with 42.8% of the vote, while Shinji Ishimaru wins 24.3% and Renho Saito 18.8%. Turnout is 60.6%.
Solomon Islands: David Tiva Kapu takes office as governor-general (swearing-in ceremony on July 8).

8

Faeroe Islands: Former prime minister (1989-91) Jógvan Sundstein dies.
Liberia: Finance Minister Boima S. Kamara resigns. On July 11 President Joseph Boakai accepts his resignation and appoints Anthony G. Myers as acting finance minister.

9

Cameroon: Parliament votes to extend its mandate by a year to March 2026.

10

Belgium: Bart De Wever is named formateur.
Germany: The Landtag of Rheinland-Pfalz elects Alexander Schweitzer as minister-president (57-39).
Madagascar: The government of Prime Minister Christian Ntsay resigns.
San Marino: A government is proposed with Andrea Belluzzi as interior minister, while Luca Beccari is to remain foreign minister and Marco Gatti finance minister.
South Sudan: President Salva Kiir dismisses Finance Minister Awow Daniel Chuang and appoints Marial Dongrin Ater to replace him.

11

Indonesia: Former governor of Jawa Barat (1993-2003) R. Nuriana dies.
Kenya: President William Ruto dismisses the entire cabinet except Prime Cabinet Secretary Musalia Mudavadi.