Austria: Günther Platter is elected Landeshauptmann of Tirol. Maria Fekter is sworn in to replace him as federal interior minister (after Wilhelm Molterer held the post for one day).
India: Ranjit Shekhar Mooshahary is sworn in as governor of Meghalaya.
Italy: Augusto Rollandin is elected president of Valle d'Aosta.
Switzerland: Adrian Ballmer becomes president of the government of Basel-Land, Leo Odermatt Landammann of Nidwalden, Niklaus Bleiker Landammann of Obwalden, and Georg Hess Landammann of Schwyz.
Guatemala: Francisco Jiménez is appointed and sworn in as interior minister.
Indonesia: Syamsurya Ryacudu is sworn in as governor of Lampung.
Indonesia: Tarmizi Abdul Karim is sworn in as acting governor of Kalimantan Timur.
Kenya: Parliament passes a no-confidence vote against Finance Minister Amos Kimunya. He resigns on July 8. On July 11 John Michuki is appointed acting finance minister.
Mauritania: Prime Minister Yahya Ould Ahmed El Waghef resigns with his government. He is immediately asked to form a new cabinet. This is presented on July 15, with Abdallahi Ould Ben Hmeida as foreign minister, Sidi Ould Tah as finance minister, and Mohamed Ould R'Zeizim as interior minister.
Russia: President Dmitry Medvedev accepts the resignation of the governor of Chukotka autonomous okrug, Roman Abramovich. Roman Kopin becomes acting governor. Kopin is nominated as governor on July 11 and confirmed by the local Duma (10-0) on July 13.
Sri Lanka: Victor Perera is sworn in as governor of Northern province.
Equatorial Guinea: Prime Minister Ricardo Mangue Obama Nfubea's government resigns. Ignacio Milam Tang is appointed as prime minister on July 8. In the cabinet appointed on July 14, Estanislao Don Malavo replaces Marcelino Owono Edu as finance minister.
India: Shiv Charan Mathur is sworn in as governor of Assam.
Hungary: Former foreign minister (1973-83) Frigyes Puja dies.
Nauru: Former president (1999-2000, 2001-03, 2003, 2003-04) René Harris dies.
Nigeria: Former governor of Rivers (1979-83) Melford Okilo dies.
Australia: Penelope Wensley is named governor of Queensland (sworn in July 29).
Comoros: Moussa Toybou takes office as president of Anjouan.
French Polynesia: Adolphe Colrat takes office as high commissioner.
India: The chief minister of Jammu and Kashmir, Ghulam Nabi Azad, resigns. Governor's rule is imposed on July 10.
Indonesia: In the first direct election for governor of Nusa Tenggara Barat, Zainul Majdi wins with 38.9% of the vote, while incumbent Lalu Serinata wins 26.3%, Zaini Arony 17.9%, and Nanang Samodra 17%.
South Korea: President Lee Myung Bak rejects the resignation of Prime Minister Han Seung Soo and of his cabinet (except for three ministers who are replaced).
Malaysia: Former chief minister of Kedah (1967-78) and governor of Malacca (1984-2004) Tun Syed Ahmad Shahabuddin dies.
Serbia: Parliament approves (127-27 with 10 abstentions) the new government of Mirko Cvetkovic. The prime minister and the cabinet are sworn in on the same date. Ivica Dacic is the new interior minister and Diana Dragutinovic the finance minister; Vuk Jeremic remains foreign minister and Dragan Sutanovac defense minister.
Ecuador: Finance Minister Fausto Ortiz resigns and is replaced by Wilma Salgado.
Grenada: In parliamentary elections, the National Democratic Congress wins 51.2% of the vote (11 of 15 seats) and the ruling New National Party 48% (4). Turnout is 80.3%. Tillman Thomas is sworn in as prime minister on July 9. On July 13 the new cabinet is sworn in, including Peter David as foreign minister and Nazim Burke as finance minister.
India: Prabha Rau is appointed as governor of Himachal Pradesh (sworn in July 19), Shivinder Singh Sidhu as governor of Goa (sworn in July 21), S.C. Jamir as governor of Maharashtra (sworn in July 19; he already held the position as additional charge while governor of Goa), and Gurbachan Jagat as governor of Manipur (sworn in July 23).
India: Balmiki Prasad Singh takes office as governor of Sikkim.
Indonesia: In the first direct election for governor of Bali, I Made Mangku Pastika wins 55% of the vote, Cokorda Budi Suryawan 26.7%, and I Gede Winasa 18.3%. In the first direct election for governor of Maluku, incumbent Karel Albert Ralahalu wins 62.1% of the vote, Abdullah Tuasikal 26.4%, Muhammad Abdullah Latuconsina 6.1%, and Azis Samual 5.4%.
San Marino: A new government is formed with Mauro Chiaruzzi as interior minister.
India: Raghunandan Lal Bhatia is sworn in as governor of Bihar and R.S. Gavai as governor of Kerala.
Maldives: Finance Minister Qasim Ibrahim resigns. On July 15 Abdulla Jihad is appointed finance minister.
Thailand: Foreign Minister Noppadon Pattama resigns, effective July 14. Tej Bunnag is appointed foreign minister on July 26 and sworn in on July 27.
Indonesia: In Sumatera Selatan, Acting Governor Mahyuddin is sworn in as governor to serve the remainder of Syahrial Oesman's term.
Lebanon: The formation of a national unity government under Prime Minister Fouad Siniora is announced. Fawzi Salloukh and Elias Murr are confirmed as foreign and defense ministers respectively, while Mohammad Chatah becomes finance minister and Ziad Baroud interior minister.
Poland: Former foreign minister (1997-2000) Bronislaw Geremek dies in a car crash.
Belgium: Prime Minister Yves Leterme offers his resignation, but on July 17 King Albert II rejects it.
Nigeria: A Court of Appeal nullifies the April 2007 election of the governor of Cross River, Liyel Imoke, and orders the immediate installation of the speaker of the state House of Assembly, Francis Adah, as acting governor pending a re-run gubernatorial election (to be held on August 23).
Peru: Luis Valdivieso is sworn in as finance minister following the resignation of Luis Carranza.
Australia: Former premier of Victoria (1981-82) Lindsay Thompson dies.
Colombia: Foreign Minister Fernando Araújo resigns. Jaime Bermúdez is named to succeed him, and takes office July 17.
Indonesia: Frans Lebu Raya is sworn in as governor of Nusa Tenggara Timur.
Serbia: Sandor Egeresi is elected president of the Assembly of Vojvodina. Bojan Pajtic is reelected president of the Executive Council.
Turks and Caicos Islands: Governor Richard Tauwhare departs. Deputy Governor Mahala Wynns becomes acting governor until the arrival of Gordon Wetherell.
Haiti: The lower house of parliament approves (61-1) the nomination of Michèle Pierre-Louis as prime minister. The Senate also approves (12-0) on July 31.
Italy: Ottaviano Del Turco resigns as president of Abruzzo. Enrico Paolini becomes acting president.
Nepal: Paramananda Jha of the Madhesi People's Rights Forum is elected vice president with 305 votes against 243 for Shanta Shrestha of the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist). In the vote for president, Ram Baran Yadav of the Nepali Congress wins 283 votes and Ram Raja Prasad Singh of the CPN(M) 270. Since no one won the necessary majority (298 votes), a second round is held on July 21. This is won by Yadav with 308 votes against 282 for Singh. Yadav and Jha are sworn in on July 23.
India: Prime Minister Manmohan Singh's government wins a confidence vote in parliament (275-256).
Bosnia and Herzegovina: Former prime minister of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (2003-07) Ahmet Hadzipasic dies.
India: Govind Singh Gurjar is sworn in as lieutenant governor of Puducherry.
Indonesia: In the first direct gubernatorial election in Jawa Timur, Soekarwo wins 26.4% of the vote, Khofifah Indar Parawansa 24.8%, Sutjipto 21.2%, Soenarjo 19.3%, and Achmady 8.2%, making a runoff necessary.
Switzerland: Former president (1977, 1981, 1985) Kurt Furgler dies.
Argentina: Sergio Massa is sworn in as cabinet chief.
Madagascar: Former foreign minister (1997-98) Herizo Razafimahaleo dies.
Saint-Martin: Louis Constant Fleming is removed from his post of president of the Territorial Council. Marthe Ogoundélé becomes acting president.
South Africa: Lynne Brown is sworn in as premier of Western Cape.
Macedonia: Parliament approves (78-0, opposition boycotting) a new government unchanged in the key positions except that Zoran Konjanovski becomes defense minister.
Argentina: Former governor of Río Negro (1983-87) Osvaldo Álvarez Guerrero dies.
Cambodia: In parliamentary elections, the Cambodian People's Party wins 58.1% of the vote (90 of 123 seats), the Sam Rainsy Party 21.9% (26), the Human Rights Party 6.6% (3), the Norodom Ranariddh Party 5.6% (2), and United National Front for an Independent, Neutral, Peaceful, and Cooperative Cambodia 5.1% (2). Turnout is 75.2%.
Mayotte: Denis Robin is named prefect.
Russia: Former governor of Moscow oblast (1991-2000) Anatoly Tyazhlov dies.
Saint-Pierre and Miquelon: Jean-Pierre Berçot is named prefect.
Wallis and Futuna: Philippe Paolantoni is named administrator-superior.
Russia: President Dmitry Medvedev nominates Boris Ebzeyev as president of Karachayevo-Cherkessia.
Indonesia: Deputy Governor Wan Abubakar is sworn in as interim governor of Riau after Rusli Zainal's resignation to contest the first direct election for governor.
South Africa: Mbulelo Sogoni is sworn in as premier of Eastern Cape.