Australia: Former premier of South Australia (1979-82) David Tonkin dies.
Canada: Jack Cable becomes commissioner of the Yukon Territory.
Dominica: Prime Minister Rosie Douglas dies. Pierre Charles becomes acting prime minister and is sworn in as prime minister on October 3; he also takes over the foreign ministry.
San Marino: Gian Franco Terenzi (Christian Democrat) and Enzo Colombini (Progressive Democrat) are installed as captains-regent.
Eritrea: Ali Said Abdella becomes foreign minister.
Paraguay: Francisco Oviedo is sworn in as finance minister and Julio César Fanego as interior minister.
Senegal: Former foreign minister (1968-72) and secretary-general of the Organization of the Islamic Conference (1975-80) Amadou Karim Gaye dies.
Ukraine: Anatoliy Zlenko becomes foreign minister.
Nicaragua: José Marenco Cardenal becomes interior minister.
Taiwan: Premier Tang Fei resigns. On October 4 Vice Premier Chang Chun-hsiung is appointed to succeed him. He appoints Yen Ching-chang as finance minister, replacing Shea Jia-dong. They take office October 6.
Canada: Former Northwest Territories commissioner (1963-67) Bent Gestur Sivertz dies.
North Korea: Finance Minister Yim Kyong Suk is replaced by Mun Il Bong.
Taiwan: Former premier (1984-89) Yu Kuo-hwa dies.
Argentina: Chrystian Colombo is sworn in as cabinet chief.
Cape Verde: Gualberto do Rosário officially becomes prime minister following the resignation of Carlos Veiga on September 29.
United States: Former commerce secretary (1965-67) John T. Connor dies.
Luxembourg: Crown Prince Henri accedes to the throne as grand duke.
Yugoslavia: Vojislav Kostunica is sworn in as president.
Lithuania: In parliamentary elections, the Social Democrats win 51 of 141 seats, the Liberal Union 34, and the New Union 29. On October 23 President Valdas Adamkus nominates Rolandas Paksas of the Liberal Union as prime minister. Parliament confirms the appointment on October 26. The new government named on October 30 includes Antanas Valionis as foreign minister, Linas Linkevicius as defense minister, Jonas Lionginas as finance minister, and Vytautas Markevicius as interior minister.
Poland: In presidential elections, incumbent Aleksander Kwasniewski wins 53.9% of the vote, followed by Andrzej Olechowski with 17% and Marian Krzaklewski with 15.6%.
Somalia: President Abdiqasim Salad Hassan names Ali Khalif Galaid as prime minister. They return to Somalia from their Djibouti exile on October 14. On October 15 Ismail Mahmud Hurre is named foreign minister. On October 20 the rest of the cabinet is announced: Abdullahi Baqor Musa as defense minister, Dahir Shaykh Muhammad as interior minister, and Sayid Shaykh Dahir as finance minister.
Togo: A new government is announced, including Koffi Panou as foreign minister and Tankpandja Lalle as finance minister.
United States: Former Kansas governor (1975-79) Robert F. Bennett dies.
Yugoslavia: Prime Minister Momir Bulatovic resigns.
Sri Lanka: Former prime minister (1960-65, 1970-77, 1994-2000) Sirimavo Bandaranaike dies.
Sri Lanka: In parliamentary elections, the People's Alliance of President Chandrika Kumaratunga wins 45.1% of the vote (107 seats) against 40.2% (89 seats) for the United National Party and 6% (10 seats) for the People's Liberation Front.
Israel: Acting Interior Minister Haim Ramon becomes permanent minister.
United Kingdom: The first minister of Scotland, Donald Dewar, dies. Jim Wallace becomes acting first minister. On October 26 Henry McLeish is elected new first minister with 68 votes, with John Swinney, his nearest challenger, polling 33 votes.
Switzerland: Former president of the Council of State of Vaud (1979, 1985) Claude Perey dies.
Yugoslavia: Former chairman of the Executive Council of Bosnia and Herzegovina (1984-86) Gojko Ubiparip dies.
Bosnia and Herzegovina: Zivko Radisic replaces Alija Izetbegovic as chairman of the Presidency.
Yugoslavia: Foreign Minister Zivadin Jovanovic resigns. From October 17 Zoran Novakovic is acting foreign minister.
Austria: In state elections in Steiermark, the Austrian People's Party wins 47.3% of the vote (27 of 56 seats), the Social Democratic Party 32.4% (19), the Freedom Party 12.4% (7), and the Greens 5.5% (3).
Slovenia: In parliamentary elections, the Liberal Democrats, with 36.3% of the vote, win 34 of 90 seats, while Prime Minister Andrej Bajuk's New Slovenia grouping and its coalition partners get a total of 31 seats. Turnout is 69.9%.
Brazil: Former Paraná governor (1961-65, 1979-82) Ney Aminthas de Barros Braga dies.
Canada: Newfoundland premier Brian Tobin resigns. Deputy Premier Beaton Tulk becomes premier. The next day Tobin is appointed federal industry minister, replacing John Manley, who becomes foreign minister.
Nicaragua: Francisco Aguirre Sacasa becomes foreign minister.
United States: Missouri Governor Mel Carnahan dies in a plane crash. On October 17 Lieutenant Governor Roger Wilson becomes acting governor.
Lebanon: Prime Minister Salim Hoss resigns. On October 23 President Émile Lahoud names Rafiq Hariri prime minister. On October 26 Hariri names a cabinet. Mahmoud Hammoud becomes foreign minister, Khalil Hrawi defense minister, Fouad Siniora finance minister, and Elias Murr interior minister.
Belgium: François-Xavier de Donnéa becomes minister-president of the Brussels region.
Bosnia and Herzegovina: Martin Raguz replaces Spasoje Tusevljak as prime minister.
Switzerland: Former president of the government of Graubünden (1971, 1975) Georg Vieli dies.
Australia: Gary Humphries becomes chief minister of the Australian Capital Territory.
East Timor: José Ramos-Horta is sworn in as foreign minister.
Sri Lanka: In a cabinet reshuffle, Richard Pathirana becomes minister of home affairs.
Bolivia: In a cabinet reshuffle, José Luis Lupo Flores is appointed finance minister.
Yugoslavia: The prime minister of Serbia, Mirko Marjanovic, resigns. On October 24 a transitional government is appointed with Milomir Minic as prime minister. Meanwhile, on October 23, a new administration was elected in Vojvodina: the new president of the Assembly is Nenad Canak and the new chairman of the Executive Council is Djordje Djukic.
Central African Republic: Former prime minister (1993-95) Jean-Luc Mandaba dies.
Côte d'Ivoire: Presidential elections are held. Incumbent Robert Guéi declares himself the winner over his opponent Laurent Gbagbo, but following protests he flees the country on October 25 and the next day Gbagbo, who apparently won 59.3% of the votes in the election against 32.7% for Guéi, is sworn in as president. He names Affi N'Guessan as prime minister on October 27. The new government includes Abou Drahamane Sangare as foreign minister, Moïse Lida Kouassi as defense minister, and Émile Boga Doudou as interior minister; Mamadou Koulibaly remains as finance minister.
India: Manohar Parrikar is sworn in as chief minister of Goa.
Azerbaijan: Former Communist Party first secretary (1982-88) Kyamran Mamed ogly Bagirov dies.
Isle of Man: Ian David Macfadyen is sworn in as lieutenant governor.
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines: Arnhim Eustace is sworn in as prime minister.
India: Rajnath Singh is sworn in as chief minister of Uttar Pradesh.
Kyrgyzstan: In presidential elections, incumbent Askar Akayev wins 74.3% of the vote against 13.8% for Omurbek Tekebayev and 6% for Almazbek Atambayev.
Tanzania: Benjamin Mkapa is reelected president with 71.1% of the vote. In parliamentary elections, Mkapa's Revolutionary Party of Tanzania wins 202 seats against 17 for the Civic United Front and 4 for the Tanzania Labour Party. In Zanzibar, Amani Abeid Karume is elected president with 67% of the vote against 33% for Seif Sharif Hamad.
Mexico: Former Veracruz governor (1986-88) Fernando Gutiérrez Barrios dies.
Switzerland: Former Landammann of Nidwalden (1975-76, 1977-78, 1979-80, 1981-82) German Murer dies.
United States: Former secretary of housing and urban development (1981-89) Samuel R. Pierce, Jr., dies.