Rulers: Colombia

States 1855-86


Note: Following a constitutional change (27 Feb 1855) the provinces of New Granada (as Colombia was called until 1861) gained the right to organize themselves as sovereign states, while remaining part of New Granada. With the creation of the Republic of Colombia (5 Aug 1886) the states were transformed into departments under the central government.

Antioquia

11 Jun 1856                Federal State of Antioquia created by federal legislation

Governors
31 Aug 1855 - 21 Jan 1862  Rafael María Giraldo Zuluaga       (b. 1808 - d. 1862)
22 Jan 1862 - 15 Oct 1862  Marceliano Vélez Barreneche        (b. 1832 - d. 1923)
15 Oct 1862 - 15 Dec 1862  Tomás Cipriano de Mosquera         (b. 1798 - d. 1878)
                           (federal president in charge of the state executive)
16 Dec 1862 - 20 Apr 1863  Antonio Mendoza Camacho            (b. 1803 - d. 1887)
Presidents
20 Apr 1863 -  4 Jan 1864  Pascual Bravo Echeverri            (b. 1836 - d. 1864)
 4 Jan 1864 -  5 Jan 1864  Tomás Uribe Santamaría (acting)    (b. c.1815 - d. ...)
 5 Jan 1864 - 10 Jan 1864  vacant
10 Jan 1864 -  7 Aug 1873  Pedro Justo Berrío Rojas           (b. 1827 - d. 1875)
 7 Aug 1873 - 21 Dec 1876  Recaredo de Villa y Piedrahita     (b. 1826 - d. 1905)
22 Dec 1876 - 31 Dec 1876  Román de Hoyos (acting)            (b. 1816 - d. 1898)
 1 Jan 1877 -  6 Apr 1877  Silverio Arango Palacio            (b. 1834 - d. 1912)
 6 Apr 1877 - 10 Apr 1877  vacant
10 Apr 1877 - 31 Oct 1877  Manuel María Uribe Ángel           (b. 1822 - d. 1904)
10 Apr 1877 - 31 Oct 1877    Julián Trujillo Largacha         (b. 1828 - d. 1883)
                             (civil and military chief to 20 Aug 1877, then
                             provisional president)
 1 Nov 1877 - 19 Dec 1877  Julián Trujillo Largacha           (s.a.)
20 Dec 1877 - 13 Mar 1878  Daniel Aldana Manta (acting)       (b. 1831 - d. 1911)
14 Mar 1878 - 19 Mar 1878  Alejandro Mejía Hinestroza         (b. 1846 - d. 1909)
                           (acting)
20 Mar 1878 - 24 Jan 1880  Tomás Rengifo Ortiz (acting)       (b. 1840 - d. 1883)
25 Jan 1880 -  1 Feb 1880  Pedro Restrepo Uribe (1st time)    (b. 18... - d. 1923)
 1 Feb 1880 - 13 Mar 1880  Jorge Isaacs Ferrer (civil chief)  (b. 1837 - d. 1895)
13 Mar 1880 - 31 Oct 1881  Pedro Restrepo Uribe (2nd time)    (s.a.)
 1 Nov 1881 - 11 Mar 1885  Luciano Restrepo Escobar           (b. 1812 - d. 1885)
12 Mar 1885 - 21 Sep 1885  José María Campo Serrano           (b. 1836 - d. 1915)
                           (civil and military chief)
21 Sep 1885 -  5 Aug 1886  Marceliano Vélez Barreneche        (s.a.)

Bogotá

23 Jul 1861                city of Bogotá separated from Cundinamarca and transformed
                           into a federal district
23 Jul 1863                Bogotá reunited with Cundinamarca
 7 Nov 1885                federal district recreated

Governors
23 Jul 1861 - 23 Nov 1861  Andrés Cerón
23 Nov 1861 - 24 May 1862  José M. Rojas Garrido
24 May 1862 -    Oct 1862  Medardo Rivas
   Oct 1862 -    Jun 1863  Miguel Gutiérrez Nieto
 7 Nov 1885 -  2 Oct 1886  Jaime Córdoba Vallecilla           (b. 1842 - d. 1920)

Bolívar

13 May 1857                Federal State of Bolívar created by federal legislation

Governors (later presidents)
       1857 -        1859  Juan Antonio Calvo
       1859 -        1860  Juan José Nieto (1st time) (acting)
       1860 -        1862  Juan de la Espiella (acting)
       1862 -        1864  Juan José Nieto (2nd time)
       1864 -        1865  Ramón Santodomingo Vila (1st time)
                           (acting)
       1865 -        1867  Antonio González Carazo
       1867 -        1870  Manuel Amador Fierro
       1870 -        1872  Ramón Santodomingo Vila (2nd time)
       1872 -        1873  Pedro Blanco
       1873                García Manuel Ezequiel Corrales
                           (acting)
       1873 -        1876  Eugenio Baena
       1876 -        1877  Rafael Núñez (1st time)            (b. 1825 - d. 1894)
       1877 -        1878  Manuel González Carazo (acting)
       1878 -        1879  Benjamin Noguera (1st time)
                           (acting)
       1879 -        1880  Rafael Núñez (2nd time)            (s.a.)
       1880 -        1882  Benjamin Noguera (2nd time)
       1882 -        1886  V. García

Boyacá

13 May 1857                Federal State of Boyacá created by federal legislation

Governors (later presidents)
       1857 -        1858  Pedro Fernández Madrid
       1858 -        1859  José Malo Blanco (acting)
       1859 -        1861  David Torres (acting)
       1861 -        1862  Santos Gutiérrez                   (b. 1820 - d. 1872)
       1862 -        1863  Pedro Cortés Holguin
       1863 -        1864  Cenon Solano (acting)
       1864 -        1866  Sergio Camargo                     (b. 1832 - d. 1907)
       1866 -        1868  Santos Acosta                      (b. 1828 - d. 1901)
       1868 -        1870  Aníbal Correa
       1870 -        1872  Felipe Pérez                       (b. 1832 - d. 1891)
       1872 -        1874  Venancio Rueda
       1874 -        1876  Eliseo Neira
       1876 -        1878  José del C. Rodríguez
       1878 -        1882  José Eusebio Otálora               (b. 1828 - d. 1884)
       1882 -        1884  Aristides Calderón
       1884 -        1886  P.J. Sarmiento

Cauca

13 May 1857                Federal State of Cauca created by federal legislation
 8 May 1860                independence declared

Governor
   Jan 1858 - 15 Aug 1863  Tomás Cipriano de Mosquera         (b. 1798 - d. 1878)
                           (acting to 15 Aug 1859)
Presidents
15 Aug 1863 - 15 Aug 1867  Eliseo Payán (1st time)            (b. 1825 - d. 1895)
15 Aug 1867 - 15 Aug 1869  Julián Trujillo Largacha
                           (1st time)                         (b. 1828 - d. 1883)
15 Aug 1869 - 15 Aug 1871  Andrés Cerón Serrano               (b. 1822 - d. 1879)
15 Aug 1871 -  1 Aug 1873  Tomás Cipriano de Mosquera         (s.a.)
 1 Aug 1873 -  1 Aug 1875  Julián Trujillo Largacha
                           (2nd time)                         (s.a.)
 1 Aug 1875 -  1 Aug 1877  César Conto                        (b. 1836 - d. 1891)
 1 Aug 1877 - 22 Apr 1879  Modesto Garcés Garcés              (b. 1846/47 - d. 1906)
22 Apr 1879 -  1 Aug 1879  Eliseo Payán (2nd time)            (s.a.)
                           (civil and military chief)
 1 Aug 1879 -  1 Aug 1883  Ezequiel Hurtado                   (b. 1825 - d. 1890)
 1 Aug 1883 -  5 Aug 1886  Eliseo Payán (3rd time)            (s.a.)

Cundinamarca

13 May 1857                Federal State of Cundinamarca created by federal legislation

Governors
16 Sep 1857 -  9 Dec 1857  Joaquín París                      (b. 1795 - d. 1868)
 9 Dec 1857 - 11 Mar 1858  José María Malo Blanco (1st time)
                           (acting)
11 Mar 1858 - 15 Mar 1858  Pastor Ospina Rodríguez (acting)   (b. 1809 - d. ...)
 1 Oct 1858 -        1859  José María Malo Blanco (2nd time)
                           (acting)
       1859                Emigdio Briceño (acting)           (b. 1814 - d. 1874)
       1859 - 30 Oct 1859  José María Malo Blanco (3rd time)
                           (acting?)
30 Oct 1859 -        1859  Pedro Dávila Novoa (acting)
       1859 -  1 Jan 1860  José Uldarico Leyva (1st time)
                           (acting)
 1 Jan 1860 -    Feb 1861  Pedro Gutiérrez Lee                (b. ... - d. 1861)
   Feb 1861 - 10 May 1861  José Uldarico Leyva (2nd time)
                           (acting)
10 May 1861 - 18 Jul 1861  José María Plata Soto (acting)     (b. 1811 - d. 1861)
18 Jul 1861 -        1862  Justo Briceño (1st time) (acting?)
       1862                Rafael Niño (acting)
       1862 -  2 Jul 1863  Justo Briceño (2nd time) (acting?)
Presidents
 2 Jul 1863 -        1863  Alejo Morales (1st time)
       1863                Justo Briceño (1st time) (acting)
       1863                Antonio de J. Rey (acting)
       1863 - 31 Dec 1863  Alejo Morales (2nd time)
 1 Jan 1864 - 18 Jan 1865  Santos Gutiérrez                   (b. 1820 - d. 1872)
22 Jan 1865 - 31 Dec 1865  Rafael Mendoza (acting)
 1 Jan 1866 -        1867  Daniel Aldana Manta (1st time)     (b. 1831 - d. 1911)
       1867                Jesús Jiménez (acting)
       1867                Francisco de Paula Matéus (acting)
       1867 - 31 Dec 1867  Daniel Aldana Manta (2nd time)     (s.a.)
 1 Jan 1868 -  9 Oct 1868  Ignacio Gutiérrez Vergara          (b. 1806 - d. 1877)
       1868 -        1869  Rudecindo López (1st time)
                           (acting?)
       1869                Luis Bernal (acting)
       1869                Abelardo Aldana (acting)
       1869 -        1870  Justo Briceño (2nd time)
                           (acting to 31 Dec 1869)
       1870 - 15 Nov 1870  Cornelio Manrique (acting)
15 Nov 1870 -        1872  Julio Barriga V. (1st time)        (b. 1843 - d. 1905)
       1872                Octavio Salazar (acting)
       1872 - 31 Dec 1873  Julio Barriga V. (2nd time)        (s.a.)
 1 Jan 1874 - 31 Dec 1875  Eustorgio Salgar                   (b. 1831 - d. 1885)
 1 Jan 1876 - 31 Dec 1877  Jacobo Sánchez                     (b. 1824 - d. 1898)
 1 Jan 1878 - 15 Jan 1879  Daniel Delgado
       1879                Rudecindo López (2nd time)
                           (acting)
       1879 -        1880  Daniel Aldana Manta (3rd time)     (s.a.)
       1880 -        1882  Wenceslao Ibáñez
       1882 -        1886  Daniel Aldana Manta (4th time)     (s.a.)
       1886                José Segundo Peña (acting)
       1886                Daniel Aldana Manta (5th time)     (s.a.)

Magdalena

13 May 1857                Federal State of Magdalena created by federal legislation

Governors (later presidents)
       1857 -        1858  José María Sojo
       1858 -        1860  Eduardo Salazar
       1860 -        1861  Pedro Consuegra
       1861 -        1862  Francisco de Labarces (acting)
       1862 -        1864  José María Luis Herrera (acting)
       1864 -        1865  Joaquín Vengoechea
       1865 -        1867  Tomás Abello (acting)
       1867 -        1868  Joaquín Riascos (1st time)         (b. 1833 - d. 1875)
                           (acting)
       1868                José Ignacio Diaz Granados
                           (1st time) (acting)
       1868 -        1869  Manuel Vengoechea
       1869 -        1871  Manuel Abello
       1871 -        1874  José María Campo Serrano
                           (1st time)                         (b. 1836 - d. 1915)
       1874 -        1875  José Ignacio Diaz Granados
                           (2nd time)
       1875                Joaquín Riascos (2nd time)         (s.a.)
                           (acting)
       1876 -        1878  Manuel Davila García (acting)
       1878 -        1879  Luis Robles
       1879 -        1884  José María Campo Serrano
                           (2nd time)                         (s.a.)
       1884 -        1886  M.S. Ramón

Panamá

27 Feb 1855                Federal State of Panamá created by federal legislation

Governors
15 Jul 1855 -  3 Oct 1855  Justo Arosemena Quesada            (b. 1817 - d. 1896)
                           (initially provisional head of state)
 3 Oct 1855 -  1 Oct 1856  Francisco de Fábrega (acting)      (b. 1815 - d. 1879)
 1 Oct 1856 -  5 May 1858  Bartolomé Calvo y Díaz de Lamadrid (b. 1815 - d. 1889)
 5 May 1858 -  1 Oct 1858  Ramón Gamboa (acting)
 1 Oct 1858 -  2 Nov 1858  Rafael Núñez (acting)              (b. 1825 - d. 1894)
 2 Nov 1858 -  1 Oct 1860  José de Obaldía y Orejuela         (b. 1806 - d. 1889)
 1 Oct 1860 - 25 Jul 1862  Santiago de la Guardia y Arrue     (b. 1829 - d. 1862)
25 Jul 1862 -    Aug 1862  Manuel María Díaz (provisional)
Presidents
   Aug 1862 - 18 Oct 1864  Peregrino Santacoloma              (b. ... - d. 1890)
                           (acting from 1 Oct 1864)
18 Oct 1864 -  9 Mar 1865  José Leonardo Calancha (acting)
 9 Mar 1865 -  1 Oct 1866  Gil Colunje                        (b. 1831 - d. 1899)
                           (provisional to 1 Jul 1865, then acting)
 1 Oct 1866 - 13 Mar 1868  Vicente Olarte Galindo             (b. ... - d. 1868)
14 Mar 1868 -  5 Jul 1868  Justo José Díaz (acting)
 5 Jul 1868 - 29 Aug 1868  Fernando Ponce (provisional)
29 Aug 1868 -  1 Oct 1872  Buenaventura Correoso (1st time)   (b. 1831 - d. 1911)
                           (acting to 1 Oct 1868)
 1 Oct 1872 -  5 Apr 1873  Gabriel Neira (1st time) (acting)
 5 Apr 1873 -  8 May 1873  Dámaso A. Cervera (1st time)       (b. 1837 - d. 1898)
                           (acting)
 8 May 1873 - 12 Nov 1873  Gabriel Neira (2nd time)
                           (acting to 1 Oct 1873, then provisional)
12 Nov 1873 -  1 Oct 1875  Gregorio Miró
 1 Oct 1875 - 12 Oct 1875  Pablo Arosemena Alba (1st time)    (b. 1836 - d. 1920)
12 Oct 1875 -  1 Jan 1878  Rafael Aizpuru (1st time)
                           (provisional to 1 Jan 1876)
 1 Jan 1878 - 29 Dec 1878  Buenaventura Correoso (2nd time)   (s.a.)
29 Dec 1878 -  7 Jun 1879  José Ricardo Casorla (1st time)
                           (acting)
 7 Jun 1879 - 15 Jun 1879  Gerardo Ortega (1st time) (acting) (b. 1843 - d. 1925)
15 Jun 1879 - 17 Jun 1879  José Ricardo Casorla (2nd time)
                           (acting)
17 Jun 1879 -  1 Jan 1880  Gerardo Ortega (2nd time) (acting) (s.a.)
 1 Jan 1880 -  2 Jul 1883  Dámaso A. Cervera (2nd time)       (s.a.)
                           (acting)
 2 Jul 1883 -  6 Jul 1883  Benjamín Ruiz (1st time) (acting)  (b. 1852 - d. 1914)
 6 Jul 1883 - 10 Jul 1883  Dámaso A. Cervera (3rd time)       (s.a.)
                           (acting)
10 Jul 1883 - 13 Jul 1883  Benjamín Ruiz (2nd time) (acting)  (s.a.)
13 Jul 1883 - 27 Nov 1884  Dámaso A. Cervera (4th time)       (s.a.)
                           (acting)
27 Nov 1884 -  7 Jan 1885  José María Vives León (acting)
 7 Jan 1885 - 16 Feb 1885  Ramón Santodomingo Vila (1st time)
16 Feb 1885 - 26 Mar 1885  Pablo Arosemena Alba (2nd time)    (s.a.)
                           (acting)
26 Mar 1885 -    Apr 1885  Carlos A. Gónima
                           (civil and military chief)
   Apr 1885 -  1 May 1885  Rafael Aizpuru (2nd time)
                           (civil and military chief)
 1 May 1885 - 15 Feb 1886  Miguel Montoya
                           (civil and miltary chief)
15 Feb 1886 -        1886  Ramón Santodomingo Vila (2nd time)
       1886 -  5 Aug 1886  Manuel Amador Guerrero (acting)    (b. 1833 - d. 1909)

Santander

13 May 1857                Federal State of Santander created by federal legislation

Presidents
16 Oct 1857 - 23 Oct 1857  Estanislao Silva Calderón (acting) (b. 1822 - d. 1890)
23 Oct 1857 - 10 Jan 1859  Manuel Murillo Toro                (b. 1816 - d. 1880)
10 Jan 1859 - 12 Mar 1859  Vicente Herrera (acting)           (b. 1826 - d. 1859)
16 Mar 1859 -        1859    Ezequiel Canal
                             (provisional, set up by federal government)
18 Mar 1859 - 21 Mar 1859  Luis Flórez (acting)
21 Mar 1859 -  3 Apr 1859  Evaristo Azuero (acting)
 3 Apr 1859 - 23 Nov 1859  Eustorgio Salgar (1st time)        (b. 1831 - d. 1885)
                           (acting)
23 Nov 1859 -  1 Jan 1860  Ulpiano Valenzuela (acting)
 1 Jan 1860 -  1 Feb 1860  Antonio María Pradilla Rueda
                           (1st time) (acting)                (b. 1822 - d. 1878)
 1 Feb 1860 - 29 Feb 1860  José María Villamizar Gallardo
                           (1st time) (acting)                (b. 1832 - d. 1910)
29 Feb 1860 -  6 May 1860  Marco Antonio Estrada (1st time)
                           (acting)
 6 May 1860 - 16 Aug 1860  Antonio María Pradilla Rueda
                           (2nd time) (acting)                (s.a.)
16 Aug 1860 -  8 Sep 1860  federal intervention, state government suspended
 8 Sep 1860 -        1861    Leonardo Canal González          (b. 1822 - d. 1874)
                             (provisional, set up by federal government)
       1861                Marco Antonio Estrada (2nd time)
                           (acting)
       1861 - 11 Aug 1861  Pedro Quintero Jácome (acting)     (b. ... - d. 1868)
11 Aug 1861 -  6 Jun 1864  Eustorgio Salgar (2nd time)        (s.a.)
 7 Jun 1864 - 11 Oct 1864  Rafael Otero Navarro (acting)      (b. 1819 - d. 1879)
11 Oct 1864 -  1 Oct 1866  José María Villamizar Gallardo
                           (2nd time)                         (s.a.)
 1 Oct 1866 - 24 Sep 1868  Victoriano de Diego Paredes
24 Sep 1868 -  1 Oct 1868  Narciso Cadena Uribe (1st time)    (b. 1829 - d. 1884)
                           (acting)
 1 Oct 1868 - 14 Mar 1870  Eustorgio Salgar (3rd time)        (s.a.)
14 Mar 1870 - 30 Mar 1870  Narciso Cadena Uribe (2nd time)    (s.a.)
                           (acting)
30 Mar 1870 -  1 Oct 1872  Solón Wilches (1st time)
                           (acting to 1 Oct 1870)
 1 Oct 1872 - 15 Sep 1874  Narciso Cadena Uribe (3rd time)    (s.a.)
15 Sep 1874 -  1 Oct 1874  Alejandro Gómez Santos (acting)
 1 Oct 1874 - 16 May 1875  Germán Vargas Santos (acting)
16 May 1875 - 25 May 1876  Aquileo Parra Gómez                (b. 1825 - d. 1900)
25 May 1876 -  1 Oct 1878  Marco Antonio Estrada (3rd time)
                           (acting to 1 Oct 1876)
 1 Oct 1878 -  9 Sep 1884  Solón Wilches (2nd time)
 9 Sep 1884 -        188.  Narciso González Lineros (acting)  (b. 1823 - d. ...)
       188. -  5 Aug 1886  Antonio Roldán
                           (civil and military chief)

Tolima

20 Sep 1861                Federal State of Tolima created by federal legislation
                           (separated from Cundinamarca)

Governors
12 Apr 1861 -  4 May 1861  Tomás Cipriano de Mosquera         (b. 1798 - d. 1878)
                           (federal president in charge of the state executive)
 4 May 1861 -        1861  Ángel María Céspedes Buendía       (b. 1814 - d. ...)
       1861 -        1862  Rafael Buenaventura
Presidents
       1862                Francisco Eustaquio Álvarez        (b. 1827 - d. 1897)
       1862 -        1863  José María Cuéllar Poveda
       1863 -        1864  Eugenio Castilla (1st time)
       1864 -        1865  José Hilario López Valdés          (b. 1788 - d. 1869)
       1865                Clímaco Iriarte Castro
       1865 -        1866  Antonio María Forero
       1866                Juan Nepomuceno Iregui (acting)
       1866 -        1867  Mariano Guerra (acting)
*23May 1867 -        1867  Inocencio Leytón (acting)
       1867                Nicolás Rocha Castilla (acting)
       1867                Eugenio Castilla (2nd time)
                           (acting)
       1867 -  9 Dec 1867  Antonio Dussán Manrique (acting)   (b. ... - d. 1876)
 9 Dec 1867 -        1870  Domingo Caycedo y Jurado           (b. 1820 - d. 1900)
       1870 -        1874  José Uldarico Leyva
       1874 -        1876  Joaquín María Córdoba
       1876                Antonio Basilio Cuervo y Urisarri  (b. 1834 - d. 1893)
                           (acting)
       1876 -  4 Sep 1876  Aníbal Galindo (provisional)       (b. 1834 - d. 1901)
 4 Sep 1876 -        1876  Gabriel Reyes-Patria Valderrama
                           (civil and military chief)
       1876 -        1877  Trifón Azuero (acting)
       1877 -        1878  Ignacio Manrique C. (1st time)
       1878 -        1879  Benito Salas H.
       1879 -        1880  Ignacio Manrique C. (2nd time)
       1880 -        1882  Frutos Santos (acting)
       1882 -        1884  Marcelo Barrios
       1884 -    Mar 1885  Gabriel González Gaitán
   Mar 1885 -  5 Aug 1886  Manuel Casabianca                  (b. 1840 - d. 1901)
                           (civil and military chief)