November 2021


Australia: Jeannette Young is sworn in as governor of Queensland.

Cyprus: The president of North Cyprus, Ersin Tatar, asks Faiz Sucuoglu to form a new government. On November 5 his cabinet is announced with no change in key portfolios. On November 13 the government wins a confidence vote in parliament (27-19).
Mexico: Marina del Pilar Ávila Olmeda takes office as governor of Baja California, Indira Vizcaíno Silva as governor of Colima, and Rubén Rocha Moya as governor of Sinaloa.
Romania: Prime minister-designate Nicolae Ciuca gives up the mandate to form a government. He is designated again on November 22. On November 23 his proposed cabinet is announced with Vasile Dîncu as defense minister and Adrian Câciu as finance minister, while Bogdan Aurescu is to remain foreign minister and Lucian Bode interior minister. On November 25 the government is endorsed by parliament (318-126) and sworn in.


Canada: Heather Stefanson is sworn in as premier of Manitoba.
Japan: Former governor of Fukuoka (2011-21) Hiroshi Ogawa dies.
Mexico: Former governor of Yucatán (1994-95) Federico Granja Ricalde dies.
Peru: Interior Minister Luis Barranzuela resigns. On November 4 Avelino Guillén is sworn in as interior minister and the government wins a confidence vote in parliament (68-56).
Ukraine: Defense Minister Andriy Taran resigns. On November 3 parliament accepts the resignation (341-0) and President Volodymyr Zelensky nominates Oleksiy Reznikov for the post. On November 4 parliament approves Reznikov (273 votes).
United States: In gubernatorial elections in New Jersey, incumbent Phil Murphy (Democrat) defeats Jack Ciattarelli (Republican), 51%-48%. In Virginia, Glenn Youngkin (Rep.) defeats Terry McAuliffe (Dem.), 51%-49%. Results of mayoral elections:


Congo (Kinshasa): Parliament approves an 11th extension of the state of siege in the provinces of Ituri and Nord-Kivu, followed by a 12th on November 18.
French Polynesia: President Édouard Fritch dismisses the vice president, Tearii Alpha. On November 10 Fritch appoints Jean-Christophe Bouissou as vice president.
Portugal: The Council of State approves a proposal of President Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa to dissolve parliament following the October 27 rejection of the government's budget. On November 4 elections are called for Jan. 30, 2022.


Falkland Islands: In parliamentary elections, 8 nonpartisan members are elected.
Japan: Prime Minister Fumio Kishida assumes the foreign affairs portfolio.
United States: Former governor of Delaware (2001-09) Ruth Ann Minner dies.


Congo (Kinshasa): Paul Tchyabilo Nckoto assumes office as acting governor of Sankuru.

Tajikistan: Alisher Khudoyberdi is appointed acting chairman of Gorno-Badakhshan autonomous province.


Libya: Foreign Minister Najla al-Mangoush is suspended from office by the Presidential Council. On November 7 the government rejects the decision.
Mali: Former prime minister (2011-12) Cissé Mariam Kaïdama Sidibé dies.
Nigeria: In gubernatorial elections in Anambra, Chukwuma Soludo (All Progressives Grand Alliance) wins 48.7% of the vote, Valentine Ozigbo (People's Democratic Party) 23.3%, Andy Uba (All Progressives Congress) 18.8%, and Ifeanyi Ubah (Young Progressive Party) 9.2%. Soludo is expected to take office in March 2022.
Ukraine: Former acting prime minister (1993-94) Yukhym Zvyahilsky dies.


Australia: Former governor of Victoria (1997-2001) Sir James Gobbo dies.
Canada: Results of mayoral elections: Nicaragua: In presidential elections, incumbent Daniel Ortega (Sandinista National Liberation Front) wins 75.9% of the vote and Walter Espinoza (Constitutionalist Liberal Party) 14.3%. Turnout is 65.3%.
Papua New Guinea: Former acting president of Bougainville (2008-09) John Tabinaman dies.


Kuwait: The government of Prime Minister Sheikh Sabah Al Khaled Al Hamad Al Sabah resigns. The emir, Sheikh Nawaf Al Ahmad Al Jabir Al Sabah, accepts the resignation on November 14; on November 15 he delegates some of his own constitutional powers temporarily to the crown prince, Sheikh Mishal Al Ahmad Al Jabir Al Sabah, who on November 23 reappoints Sheikh Sabah as prime minister.


Brazil: Former governor of Goiás (1983-86, 1991-94) Iris Rezende Machado dies.
Cabo Verde: José Maria Neves is sworn in as president.
Chile: The Chamber of Deputies approves (78-67) the launch of an impeachment process against President Sebastián Piñera. On November 16 the Senate votes 24-18 in favour of removal, falling short of the 29 votes needed.
Czech Republic: President Milos Zeman asks Petr Fiala to form a government. On November 11 the government of Prime Minister Andrej Babis resigns. On November 17 Fiala presents to Zeman his proposed cabinet with Jan Lipavský as foreign minister, Jana Cernochová as defense minister, Vít Rakusan as interior minister, and Zbynek Stanjura as finance minister. On November 28 Zeman appoints Fiala as prime minister.
Mozambique: President Filipe Nyusi dismisses Interior Minister Amade Miquidade and, on November 10, Defense Minister Jaime Bessa Neto. On November 11 he appoints Cristóvão Chume as defense minister and Arsénia Massingue as interior minister.
North Macedonia: Prime Minister Zoran Zaev postpones his resignation (announced October 31). On November 11 a planned no-confidence motion fails for lack of a quorum.
Papua New Guinea: Former governor of Sandaun (2012-13, 2015-17) Amkat Mai dies.


Japan: Fumio Kishida is reelected as prime minister, winning 297 votes against 108 for Yukio Edano in the lower house and 141 against 60 in the upper house. The new cabinet includes Yoshimasa Hayashi as foreign minister, other key portfolios being unchanged.
Jordan: Former foreign minister (2005) Farouk Kasrawi dies.

Sweden: Prime Minister Stefan Löfven resigns. On November 11 the speaker of parliament asks Magdalena Andersson to form a government. Parliament confirms her on November 24 (117 votes in favour, 174 against, 57 abstentions; sufficient as being no absolute majority against). She resigns the same day after the opposition won a vote on the budget and the Green Party then left the government. On November 25 she is again nominated by the speaker; she is confirmed on November 29, with 101 votes in favour, 173 against, and 75 abstentions. On November 30 she names Mikael Damberg as finance minister and Morgan Johansson as interior minister and the government takes office.


Saint Lucia: Errol Charles is sworn in as acting governor-general.
South Africa: Former state president (1989-94) Frederik W. de Klerk dies.
The Sudan: Army chief Abdel Fattah Burhan forms a new Sovereignty Council headed by himself. On November 21 an agreement is announced by which the former prime minister, Abdalla Hamdok, is reinstated. However, 12 members of Hamdok's government, including Foreign Minister Mariam Sadiq al-Mahdi, resign on November 22.


Fiji: Ratu Wiliame Katonivere is sworn in as president.
Sovereign Military Order of Malta: Former grand master (2008-17) Matthew Festing dies.
South Sudan: President Salva Kiir dismisses Finance Minister Athian Diing Athian and Interior Minister Paul Mayom Akech, replacing them with Agak Achuil Lual and Mahmoud Solomon Agook, respectively.


Congo (Kinshasa): A no-confidence motion against the governor of Kwango, Jean-Marie Peti Peti Tamata, fails due to a lack of quorum.
Guernsey: Former lieutenant governor (1985-90) Sir Alexander Boswell dies.
United States: In mayoral elections in New Orleans, incumbent LaToya Cantrell (Democrat) wins 64.7% of the vote and Vina Nguyen (Republican) 13.5%. Turnout is 28.2%.


Bulgaria: In the first round of presidential elections, incumbent Rumen Radev (independent) wins 49.4% of the vote, Anastas Gerdzhikov (independent) 22.8%, and Mustafa Karadayi (Movement for Rights and Freedoms) 11.6%; turnout is 38.7%. In the runoff on November 21, Radev wins 66.7% of the vote and Gerdzhikov 31.8%; turnout is 33.7%. In parliamentary elections (November 14), We Continue the Change wins 25.7% of the vote (67 of 240 seats), Citizens for European Development of Bulgaria-Union of Democratic Forces 22.7% (59), the Movement for Rights and Freedoms 13.0% (34), the coalition led by the Bulgarian Socialist Party 10.2% (26), There is Such a People 9.5% (25), Democratic Bulgaria 6.4% (16), and Revival 4.9% (13); turnout is 38.4%.
Japan: In gubernatorial elections in Hiroshima, incumbent Hidehiko Yuzaki wins 89.5% of the vote and Takae Nakamura 8.3%. Turnout is 34.7%.
Peru: Defense Minister Walter Ayala resigns. President Pedro Castillo accepts the resignation on November 15. On November 17 Juan Manuel Carrasco Millones is appointed and sworn in as defense minister.


Armenia: Defense Minister Arshak Karapetyan is dismissed and Suren Papikyan appointed in his place.
Congo (Kinshasa): Former governor of Mai-Ndombe (1965-66), Kasaï Occidental (1970-72), and Shaba (1972) Daniel Monguya Mbenge dies.
Germany: The Landtag of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern reelects Manuela Schwesig as minister-president (41-35).


Canada: The Legislative Assembly of Nunavut, assembled in a Leadership Forum, elects (in a secret ballot) P.J. Akeeagok as premier, over incumbent Joe Savikataaq and Lorne Kusugak. He is sworn in on November 19.

Georgia: Inal Ardzinba is appointed foreign minister of Abkhazia.


Iran: Former foreign minister (1967-71) Ardeshir Zahedi dies.
Tonga: In parliamentary elections (turnout 61.9%), independents win most of the 17 commoners' seats, the Democratic Party of the Friendly Islands winning 3. (With 9 nobles' representatives, the total is 26.)


Montenegro: Parliament adopts an impeachment proposal against President Milo Djukanovic. The Constitutional Court will have to decide if the president violated the constitution; a guilty verdict would then be followed by a final vote in parliament on his removal.


Malaysia: In parliamentary elections in Malacca, the Barisan Nasional coalition wins 21 of 28 seats, the Pakatan Harapan coalition 5, and the Perikatan Nasional coalition 2. Turnout is 65.9%.

Somalia: Prime Minister Mohamed Hussein Roble dismisses Foreign Minister Mohamed Abdirizak Mohamud and appoints Abdisaid Muse Ali in his place.


Chile: In the first round of presidential elections, José Antonio Kast (Christian Social Front) wins 27.9% of the vote, Gabriel Boric (Approve Dignity) 25.8%, Franco Parisi (People's Party) 12.8%, Sebastián Sichel (Chile We Can Do More) 12.8%, and Yasna Provoste (New Social Pact) 11.6%. Turnout is 47.3%. The runoff will be held on December 19.
Venezuela: Winners of gubernatorial elections (PSUV=United Socialist Party of Venezuela):


Greenland: Finance and Interior Minister Asii Chemnitz Narup resigns; Naaja H. Nathanielsen becomes finance minister and Mimi Karlsen interior minister.
South Korea: Former president (1980-88) Chun Doo Hwan dies.
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines: Sir James Fitz-Allen Mitchell, former premier (1972-74), prime minister (1984-2000), and foreign minister (1984-92), dies.


Bulgaria: Former foreign minister (1994-95) Ivan Stanchov dies.
Guernsey: Lieutenant Governor Sir Ian Corder departs.

Haiti: In a cabinet reshuffle, Jean Victor Généus is appointed as foreign minister and Berto Dorcé as justice and public security minister.


Samoa: In parliamentary by-elections, Fa'atuatua i le Atua Samoa ua Tasi (FAST) wins 5 seats (including 1 unopposed) and the Human Rights Protection Party (HRPP) 2. On November 29, 2 additional seats are attributed to the HRPP to meet the 10% women quota, the composition of parliament now being 31 of 53 seats for FAST and 22 for the HRPP.


Cambodia: Former co-prime minister (1993) and first prime minister (1993-97) Prince Norodom Ranariddh dies.
Honduras: In presidential elections, Xiomara Castro (Liberty and Refoundation) wins 51.1% of the vote, Nasry Asfura (National Party) 36.9%, and Yani Rosenthal (Liberal Party) 10.0%. Turnout is 68.6%. In parliamentary elections, Liberty and Refoundation wins 50 of 128 seats, the National Party 44, the Liberal Party 22, and the Saviour Party 10.

Iceland: A new government takes office with Katrín Jakobsdóttir remaining prime minister and Bjarni Benediktsson finance minister, while Thórdís Kolbrún R. Gylfadóttir becomes foreign minister and Sigurdur Ingi Jóhannsson interior minister.
Kyrgyzstan: In parliamentary elections, Ata-Zhurt wins 19.1% of the vote (15 of 54 party-list seats), Ishenim 15.0% (12), Yntymak 12.1% (9), Alliance 9.2% (7), United Kyrgyzstan 7.8% (6), and Light of Faith 6.8% (5). Turnout is 34.8%.


Nauru: Former president (1997-98) Kinza Clodumar dies.
Niger: In a cabinet reshuffle, Hamadou Adamou Souley is named interior minister.


Barbados: Dame Sandra Mason takes office as president.
Congo (Kinshasa): The Constitutional Court validates the no-confidence votes against the governors of Lualaba, Richard Muyej (September 10), and Sankuru, Joseph Stéphane Mukumadi (October 28).
Luxembourg: Finance Minister Pierre Gramegna resigns.
Mexico: Former governor of Chiapas (1988-93) José Patrocinio González Blanco Garrido dies.