July 2021


Congo (Kinshasa): Parliament approves a third 15-days extension (beginning July 5) of the state of siege in the provinces of Ituri and Nord-Kivu. On July 19 it approves a fourth one (beginning July 20).
Congo (Kinshasa): The deputy governor of Mai-Ndombe, Jack's Mbombaka, is appointed acting governor.


France: Marie-Antoinette Maupertuis is elected president of the Corsican Assembly. Gilles Simeoni is then reelected president of the Executive Council. He receives 32 votes, against 17 for Laurent Marcangeli.

Guadeloupe: The Departmental Council elects Guy Losbar as its president. He receives 25 votes, against 16 for Jocelyn Sapotille.
Mayotte: The Departmental Council elects Ben Issa Ousseni as its president. He receives 14 votes, against 12 for Maymounati Moussa Ahamadi.
Réunion: The Departmental Council reelects Cyrille Melchior as its president (38 votes, against 12 blank votes).
Sierra Leone: Former foreign minister (1985-91) Abdul Karim Koroma dies.
Sweden: Ulf Kristersson announces that he is unable to form a government and returns his mandate. The speaker of parliament then asks Prime Minister Stefan Löfven to form a new government. On July 5 Löfven says he has enough support; the speaker will nominate him for a vote on July 7. In that vote he is reelected with 116 votes in favour, 173 against, and 60 abstentions (175 votes against were necessary to prevent his election). On July 9 he names an unchanged cabinet.
Switzerland: Thomas Weber becomes president of the government of Basel-Land, Marcel Schwerzmann president of the government of Luzern, Karin Kayser-Frutschi Landammann of Nidwalden, and Daniel Wyler Landammann of Obwalden.
Turkmenistan: Ovezdurdy Khodzhaniyazov is appointed interior minister.
United States: David Bronson is sworn in as mayor of Anchorage.


France: Presidents of Regional Councils are elected as follows:



French Guiana: The Assembly elects (35 votes, against 19 blank votes) Gabriel Serville as president.
India: The chief minister of Uttarakhand, Tirath Singh Rawat, resigns. On July 3 Pushkar Singh Dhami is designated chief minister (sworn in July 4).
Martinique: The Assembly elects (26 votes, against 23 blank votes) Serge Letchimy as president of the Executive Council.
Mexico: Former governor of Campeche (1973) Carlos Pérez Cámara dies.


Samoa: The head of state, Tuimaleali'ifano Va'aletoa Sualauvi II, ignoring the June 28 decision of the Supreme Court about a sitting of parliament by July 5, instead convenes parliament for a sitting on August 2. On July 23 the Court of Appeal recognizes the May 24 swearing-in of the government of Fiame Naomi Mata'afa as legitimate. She takes office July 27.


Aruba: In the process of forming a new government, Governor Alfonso Boekhoudt appoints Eddy Werleman and Tisa LaSorte as informateurs. On July 9 they submit their report and Boekhoudt appoints Prime Minister Evelyn Wever-Croes as formateur of a new government.
Haiti: President Jovenel Moïse appoints Ariel Henry as prime minister.


Canada: Mary May Simon is appointed governor general (sworn in July 26).
Congo (Kinshasa): The provincial assembly of Équateur adopts (13-7) a no-confidence motion against Governor Bobo Boloko Bolumbu. This decision is nullified by Interior Minister Daniel Aselo Okito on July 8.
Dominica: Former premier (1974-78) and prime minister (1978-79) Patrick R. John dies.




India: P.S. Sreedharan Pillai is appointed as governor of Goa (sworn in July 15), Satyadev Narayan Arya as governor of Tripura (sworn in July 12), Ramesh Bais as governor of Jharkhand (sworn in July 14), Thaawarchand Gehlot as governor of Karnataka (sworn in July 11), Bandaru Dattatreya as governor of Haryana (sworn in July 15), Hari Babu Kambhampati as governor of Mizoram (sworn in July 19), Mangubhai Patel as governor of Madhya Pradesh (sworn in July 8), and Rajendra Arlekar as governor of Himachal Pradesh (sworn in July 13).


Algeria: The new cabinet of Prime Minister Ayman Benabderrahmane is announced with Ramtane Lamamra as foreign minister (taking office July 8), while Kamel Beldjoud remains interior minister and Benabderrahmane finance minister.
Argentina: Former governor of Santa Fe (1991-95, 1999-2003) Carlos Reutemann dies.

Haiti: President Jovenel Moïse is assassinated. His powers devolve upon the government under the acting prime minister, Claude Joseph. On July 9 the Senate (consisting only of 10 members, the terms of the other 20 having expired, like that of the entire lower house) adopts a resolution declaring its president, Joseph Lambert, as provisional president of the republic, and recognizing Moïse's nominee Ariel Henry as prime minister; this is not recognized by Claude Joseph but is approved in a memorandum of understanding by diverse political organizations. On July 19 Joseph agrees to step down; Henry is installed as prime minister on July 20, with Enold Joseph as defense minister and Liszt Quitel as interior minister, Claude Joseph remaining foreign minister and Patrick Boisvert finance minister.
Indonesia: Al Haris is sworn in as governor of Jambi.


Israel: Isaac Herzog is sworn in as president.
Italy: The regional council of Trentino-Alto Adige elects (36 of 60 votes) Maurizio Fugatti as president.
Pakistan: The governor of Balochistan, Amanullah Khan Yasinzai, resigns. President Arif Alvi accepts the resignation and appoints Syed Zahoor Agha as governor (sworn in July 9).
Ukraine: Former prime minister of Crimea (1994 [acting], 1994-95, 1995-96, 1997-98) Anatoliy Franchuk dies.


India: Former raja of Bashahr (1947) and chief minister of Himachal Pradesh (1983-90, 1993-98, 2003-07, 2012-17) Virbhadra Singh dies.

New Caledonia: In a fifth attempt, the new government elects Louis Mapou as its president. He receives 6 votes, against 4 for Thierry Santa and 1 blank vote. On July 22 Isabelle Champmoreau is chosen as vice president and the portfolios are allocated with Mapou responsible for external relations and security and Yannick Slamet for finances. The government takes office the same day.
Romania: Finance Minister Alexandru Nazare is dismissed. Prime Minister Florin Cîtu becomes acting finance minister.
Sri Lanka: Basil Rajapakse is sworn in as finance minister.


Congo (Kinshasa): Kabamba Ilunga wa Batame is appointed as acting governor of Haut-Lomami.
Niue: Former premier (1993-99) Frank F. Lui dies.


Spain: In a cabinet reshuffle, José Manuel Albares is named foreign minister (sworn in July 12).


Bulgaria: In parliamentary elections, There is Such a People wins 24.1% of the vote (65 of 240 seats), Citizens for European Development of Bulgaria-Union of Democratic Forces 23.5% (63), the coalition led by the Bulgarian Socialist Party 13.4% (36), Democratic Bulgaria 12.6% (34), the Movement for Rights and Freedoms 10.7% (29), and Stand Up! Mafia Out 5.0% (13). Turnout is 40.4%. On July 30 President Rumen Radev asks Plamen Nikolov to form a government.
Moldova: In parliamentary elections, the Action and Solidarity Party wins 52.8% of the vote (63 of 101 seats), the Electoral Bloc of Communists and Socialists 27.2% (32), and the Sor Party 5.7% (6). Turnout is 48.4%. On July 30 President Maia Sandu nominates Natalia Gavrilita as prime minister.


Mayotte: Thierry Suquet takes office as prefect.
Nepal: The Supreme Court directs the president to appoint Sher Bahadur Deuba as prime minister and reinstates the House of Representatives dissolved on May 22. Deuba is appointed and sworn in on July 13, with Bal Krishna Khand as home affairs minister and Janardan Sharma as finance minister, Deuba himself taking charge of foreign affairs. On July 18 Deuba wins a confidence vote in the House (165-83).
South Africa: Former premier of KwaZulu-Natal (1997-99) Ben Ngubane dies.
United States: Former governor of Louisiana (1972-80, 1984-88, 1992-96) Edwin W. Edwards dies.


Brazil: Former acting governor of Mato Grosso (1990-91) Edison Freitas de Oliveira dies.
Ukraine: Interior Minister Arsen Avakov resigns. President Volodymyr Zelensky nominates Denys Monastyrsky as interior minister. On July 15 parliament accepts the resignation (291-7); on July 16 it approves (271-0 with 44 abstentions) the appointment of Monastyrsky, who is then sworn in.


Armenia: Armen Grigoryan replaces Armen Gevondyan as acting foreign minister.
Ecuador: Alexandra Vela Puga is named interior minister (taking office July 15).
Lebanon: Prime minister-designate Saad Hariri presents a new cabinet proposal to President Michel Aoun. On July 15 Aoun requests modifications; no agreement is reached, and Hariri returns his mandate. In binding parliamentary consultations on July 26, Najib Mikati receives 72 of 115 votes (42 vote blank) and consequently Aoun asks him to form a government.
Pakistan: Former governor of Sindh (1999) and president (2013-18) Mamnoon Hussain dies.


Côte d'Ivoire: Former foreign minister (2000) Charles Gomis dies.

Eswatini: King Mswati III appoints Cleopas Dlamini as prime minister (sworn in July 19).
Mexico: Rogelio Ramírez takes office as finance minister.
Vanuatu: The Court of Appeal upholds the process used by the then speaker of parliament on June 8 to declare the seats of 19 members vacant, but decides that a new court hearing is necessary to verify that the members had actually vacated their seats.


Japan: In gubernatorial elections in Hyogo, Motohiko Saito is elected with 46.9% of the vote, defeating Kazuo Kanazawa (32.8%) and Mineo Kaneda (10.1%). Turnout is 41.1%.
Pakistan: Mumtaz Ali Bhutto, former governor (1971-72) and chief minister (1972-73 and [acting] 1996-97) of Sindh, dies.
São Tomé and Príncipe: In the first round of presidential elections, Carlos Vila Nova wins 43.3% of the vote, former prime minister Guilherme Posser da Costa 20.7%, and Delfim Neves 18.3%. Turnout is 67.8%. The runoff is to be held on August 8.


El Salvador: Former president (1972-77) Arturo Armando Molina dies.


Armenia: Defense Minister Vagarshak Arutyunyan resigns. Arshak Karapetyan becomes acting defense minister.
Bosnia and Herzegovina: Zeljko Komsic becomes chairman of the Presidency.


Canada: Former commissioner of Yukon Territory (2000-05) Jack Cable dies.
Palau: Vice President Uduch Sengebau Senior is reassigned from the Ministry of State to the Ministry of Justice.


Georgia: Former acting prime minister of South Ossetia (2008) Boris Chochiyev dies.


Congo (Kinshasa): Interior Minister Daniel Aselo Okito appoints Ruth Baduli Gbangosa as acting governor of Bas-Uélé.


Pakistan: In parliamentary elections in Azad Kashmir (turnout about 62%), the Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf wins 32.5% of the vote (26 of 45 seats), the Pakistan Muslim League (Nawaz) 25.7% (6), and the Pakistan People's Party 18.3% (11). Eight reserved seats (for a total of 53) will be allocated later.
Tunisia: President Kaïs Saïed removes Prime Minister Hichem Mechichi from office and suspends parliament for 30 days. Khaled Yahyaoui replaces Mechichi as acting interior minister. On July 26 it is announced that Defense Minister Ibrahim Bartagi has also been dismissed. On July 29 Ridha Gharsallaoui is appointed and sworn in as interior minister.


India: The chief minister of Karnataka, B.S. Yeddyurappa, resigns. On July 27 Basavaraj Bommai is chosen as chief minister-designate and he is sworn in on July 28.
Mexico: Former governor of Guerrero (1999-2005) René Juárez Cisneros dies.
Myanmar: The military junta cancels the results of the Nov. 8, 2020, parliamentary elections.
Norway: Former governor of Sør-Trøndelag (1993-2011) Kåre Gjønnes dies.

Saint Lucia: In parliamentary elections, the Saint Lucia Labour Party wins 50.1% of the vote (13 of 17 seats), the United Workers Party 42.9% (2), and independents 6.6% (2). Turnout is 51.1%. On July 28 Philip J. Pierre is sworn in as prime minister. On July 30 he also takes up the finance portfolio.
Vietnam: Parliament reelects Nguyen Xuan Phuc as president (483-0). On July 26 it reelects Pham Minh Chinh as prime minister (479-0). On July 28 it approves a government unchanged in key positions.


China: Former governor of Liaoning (1994-98) Wen Shizhen dies.




Peru: Pedro Castillo is sworn in as president. On July 29 he names Guido Bellido as prime minister, with Héctor Béjar Rivera as foreign minister, Walter Ayala as defense minister, and Juan Manuel Carrasco Millones as interior minister (all sworn in same day); on July 30 Pedro Francke is appointed and sworn in as finance minister.


United States: Former governor of Colorado (1975-87) Richard D. Lamm dies.


Congo (Kinshasa): Former governor of Haut-Katanga (2016-17, 2017) Jean-Claude Kazembe Musonda dies.
Sweden: Former governor of Värmland (2012-18) Kenneth Johansson dies.