Rulers

July 2020

1

China: Liu Ning is appointed acting governor of Liaoning.
Madagascar: Former prime minister (1995-96) Emmanuel Rakotovahiny dies.
Switzerland: Anton Lauber becomes president of the government of Basel-Land, Reto Wyss president of the government of Luzern, Othmar Filliger Landammann of Nidwalden, Christian Schäli Landammann of Obwalden, and Petra Steimen-Rickenbacher Landammann of Schwyz.

Bustillo
Uruguay: Foreign Minister Ernesto Talvi resigns. He is to be replaced by Francisco Bustillo, who takes office July 6.

2

Congo (Kinshasa): Ambroise Kamukuny Mukinayi takes office as acting governor of Kasaï Central.
Congo (Kinshasa): A court of appeal suspends the application of the June 25 no-confidence motion against the governor of Tshopo, Louis-Marie Walle Lufungula.
Kiribati: A new cabinet is named, with Boutu Bateriki as internal affairs minister and Teuea Toatu remaining finance minister.
Mongolia: Parliament reelects Ukhnaa Khürelsükh as prime minister (70 votes). On July 7 he presents his cabinet (approved by parliament and sworn in July 8), including Nyamtseren Enkhtaivan as foreign minister, Gursed Saikhanbayar as defense minister, Khishgeegiyn Nyambaatar as internal affairs minister, and Chimed Khürelbaatar remaining finance minister.

3

Congo (Kinshasa): Jack Mbobaka takes office as acting governor of Mai-Ndombe.

Castex
France: Prime Minister Édouard Philippe resigns. President Emmanuel Macron names Jean Castex as prime minister (taking office the same day). On July 6 Gérald Darmanin is named interior minister; Jean-Yves Le Drian remains foreign minister, Florence Parly armies minister, and Bruno Le Maire economy minister. On July 15 the government wins a confidence vote in parliament (345-177).
Guinea-Bissau: President Umaro Sissoco Embaló reinstates the ministers dismissed on June 28.

5

Croatia: In parliamentary elections, the Croatian Democratic Union wins 37.3% of the vote (66 of 151 seats), the Restart Coalition 24.9% (41), the Homeland Movement 10.9% (16), Bridge 7.4% (8), We Can! 7.0% (7), and the Pametno-Fokus-SSIP coalition 4.0% (3). Turnout is 45.7%. On July 16 President Zoran Milanovic nominates incumbent Andrej Plenkovic as prime minister. Parliament elects the new government on July 23. Mario Banozic becomes defense minister, while Foreign Minister Gordan Grlic Radman, Interior Minister Davor Bozinovic, and Finance Minister Zdravko Maric keep their posts.
Dominican Republic: In presidential elections, Luis Abinader (Modern Revolutionary Party) wins 52.5% of the vote, Gonzalo Castillo (Dominican Liberation Party) 37.5%, and former president Leonel Fernández (People's Force) 8.9%. Turnout is 55.3%. Abinader is to take office August 16. On July 10 he designates Roberto Álvarez as foreign minister and on July 23 Jesús Vásquez Martínez as interior minister.
Japan: In gubernatorial elections in Tokyo, incumbent Yuriko Koike wins 59.7% of the vote, Kenji Utsunomiya 13.8%, Taro Yamamoto 10.7%, and Taisuke Ono 10.0%. Turnout is 55.0%.
Russia: Former acting head of the administration of Arkhangelsk oblast (1996) and acting head of the republic of Karachayevo-Cherkessia (1999) Valentin Vlasov dies.

6

Bermuda: National Security Minister Wayne Caines resigns. On July 7 Education Minister Diallo Rabain is named acting national security minister. On July 16 Renée Ming is appointed and sworn in as national security minister.

7


Gallegos
Ecuador: Vice President Otto Sonnenholzner resigns. On July 8 Foreign Minister José Valencia also resigns. On July 9 Luis Gallegos is named foreign minister. On July 17 parliament elects María Alejandra Muñoz as vice president (75-22).
Guadeloupe: Philippe Gustin is discharged as prefect. Virginie Klès becomes acting prefect. On July 22 Alexandre Rochatte is appointed prefect.

8

Côte d'Ivoire: Prime Minister Amadou Gon Coulibaly dies. Hamed Bakayoko, after serving as acting prime minister, is named prime minister on July 30 (retaining his portfolio of defense).

Mkaka
Malawi: The full cabinet is named, with Eisenhower Mkaka as foreign minister. President Lazarus Chakwera is defense minister.
United States: Former governor of Florida (1987) Wayne Mixson dies.

9


Ismail
The Sudan: Several ministers are removed and replaced by acting ministers until a new administration is formed. Omar Gamar Aldin Ismail becomes acting foreign minister and Heba Ahmed Ali acting finance minister.

10

Czech Republic: Former general secretary of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia (1987-89) Milos Jakes dies.
Singapore: In parliamentary elections, the People's Action Party wins 61.2% of the vote (83 of 95 seats), the Workers' Party 11.2% (10), and the Progress Singapore Party 10.2% (2). Turnout is 95.6%. On July 25 Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong announces his new cabinet (sworn in July 27), with no change in key portfolios.

12

Japan: In gubernatorial elections in Kagoshima, Koichi Shiota wins 33.9% of the vote, incumbent Satoshi Mitazono 29.8%, and Yuichiro Ito 20.2%. Turnout is 49.8%.
Poland: In the presidential runoff, Andrzej Duda wins 51.0% of the vote and Rafal Trzaskowski 49.0%. Turnout is 68.2%.
Somalia: The deaths of former prime minister (2001-03) Hassan Abshir Farah and former president of Puntland (2004-05) Mohamed Abdi Hashi are reported.
Spain: In parliamentary elections in Galicia, the Popular Party wins 48.4% of the vote (41 of 75 seats), the Galician Nationalist Bloc 24.0% (19), and the Socialist Party of Galicia 19.6% (15); turnout is 58.9%. In Basque Country, the Basque Nationalist Party wins 39.1% of the vote (31 of 75 seats), Euskal Herria Bildu 27.8% (22), the Socialist Party of the Basque Country-Basque Country Left 13.6% (10), Podemos-United Left 8.0% (6), and the Popular Party+Ciudadanos 6.8% (5); turnout is 52.9%.

13

Congo (Kinshasa): The Constitutional Court requests the resignation of the governor of Kongo Central, Atou Matubuana Nkuluki, following the no-confidence motion of Dec. 4, 2019. On July 14 Matubuana declares his refusal.
Côte d'Ivoire: The resignation of Vice President Daniel Kablan Duncan (submitted on February 27 and effected by presidential decree on July 8) is announced.

Santokhi

Brunswijk

Ramdin
Suriname: Parliament elects (unopposed) Chandrikapersad Santokhi as president and Ronnie Brunswijk as vice president. They take office July 16, with a government including Albert Ramdin as foreign minister, Krishna Mathoera as defense minister, Bronto Somohardjo as interior minister, and Armand Achaibersing as finance minister.

14


Sidick
Chad: In a cabinet reshuffle, Amine Abba Sidick is named foreign minister.
Niue: Former premier (2008-20) Sir Toke Talagi dies.

15

Bulgaria: Prime Minister Boiko Borisov demands the resignation of Finance Minister Vladislav Goranov and Interior Minister Mladen Marinov.
North Macedonia: In parliamentary elections, the We Can coalition (led by the Social Democratic Union) wins 35.9% of the vote (46 of 120 seats), the Renewal coalition (led by the Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization-Democratic Party for Macedonian National Unity) 34.6% (44), the Democratic Union for Integration 11.5% (15), the Alliance for Albanians/Alternative 9.0% (12), and the Left 4.1% (2). Turnout is 51.9%.

López
Peru: A new government is sworn in with Pedro Cateriano as prime minister, Mario López Chávarri as foreign minister, and Jorge Montoya as interior minister; Walter Martos remains defense minister and María Antonieta Alva finance minister.
Serbia: Former chairman of the Vojvodina Provincial Committee of the League of Communists (1988) Milovan Sogorov dies.
Tunisia: Prime Minister Elyes Fakhfakh resigns. On July 17 President Kaïs Saïed asks the parliamentary parties to submit by July 22 their proposed candidates for the post of prime minister. On July 23 Foreign Minister Noureddine Erray is dismissed, officially on July 24 when Salma Ennaifer is appointed acting foreign minister. On July 25 the president chooses Interior Minister Hichem Mechichi as new prime minister.

16


Bayramov
Azerbaijan: President Ilham Aliyev dismisses Foreign Minister Elmar Mammadyarov and appoints Jeyhun Bayramov in his place.
Congo (Kinshasa): The Constitutional Court requests the resignation of Joseph Stéphane Mukumadi as governor of Sankuru, following the no-confidence motion of Dec. 28, 2019.

Ossouka
Gabon: President Ali Bongo Ondimba names Rose Christiane Ossouka Raponda as prime minister. On July 17 the new government is announced (taking office July 22) with Pacôme Moubelet Boubeya as foreign minister, Michaël Moussa Adamo as defense minister, and Sosthène Ossoungou Ndibangoye as budget minister; Lambert Noël Matha remains interior minister.
Thailand: Finance Minister Uttama Savanayana resigns.

19

Côte d'Ivoire: Former prime minister (2000, 2003-05) Seydou Diarra dies.
Kyrgyzstan: Former prime minister (2002-05) Nikolay Tanayev dies.
Syria: In parliamentary elections, the Ba`th Party and allies win 177 of 250 seats. Turnout is 33.2%.

20

Belgium: King Philippe appoints Bart De Wever and Paul Magnette to take the necessary initiatives for the establishment of a government.

Degtyarev
Russia: The governor of Khabarovsk kray, Sergey Furgal, is removed from office and Mikhail Degtyarev is appointed as acting governor.

21

Bulgaria: Prime Minister Boiko Borisov's government survives a no-confidence vote in parliament, which is defeated 124-102. On July 23 Borisov reshuffles the government, Hristo Terziyski being named interior minister and Kiril Ananiev finance minister; parliament approves the new ministers on July 24.
Greenland: Former foreign minister (2017-18) Suka K. Frederiksen dies.
India: The governor of Madhya Pradesh, Lalji Tandon (also governor of Bihar 2018-19), dies. The governor of Uttar Pradesh, Anandiben Patel, is on July 24 given additional charge of Madhya Pradesh (as she already held during Tandon's illness).

22

Barbados: In a cabinet reshuffle, Wilfred Abrahams becomes home affairs minister.

23

Slovakia: Prime Minister Igor Matovic survives a no-confidence vote in parliament, which is defeated 78-47.

24

Tanzania: Former foreign minister (1977-80, 1984-90) and president (1995-2005) Benjamin Mkapa dies.

25


Guled
Somalia: Parliament votes (170-8) to remove Prime Minister Hassan Ali Kheyre. President Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed names Mahdi Mohamed Guled as acting prime minister.

26

Germany: Former governing mayor of (West) Berlin (1981) Hans-Jochen Vogel dies.

27

Albania: A parliamentary inquiry committee votes (78-17) against the impeachment of President Ilir Meta.
Barbados: Former prime minister (1994-2008) Owen Arthur dies.
Liberia: Foreign Minister Gbehzohngar Findley resigns. President George Weah accepts the resignation effective July 28. Henry Boimah Fahnbulleh becomes acting foreign minister.
Mali: Abdoulaye Daffé is named finance minister and M'Bemba Moussa Keita security minister. Tiébilé Dramé remains foreign minister and Ibrahim Dahirou Dembélé defense minister in the new government.

28


Allamand
Chile: In a cabinet reshuffle, Andrés Allamand is appointed foreign minister, Mario Desbordes defense minister, and Víctor Pérez interior minister.

29

United States: Former governor of Indiana (2003-05) Joe Kernan dies.
Yemen: President Abdu Rabu Mansour Hadi asks Prime Minister Maeen Abdul Malik to form a new government.

30

Taiwan: Former president (1988-2000) Lee Teng-hui dies.

31

India: Former governor of Arunachal Pradesh (1987-90) and Bihar (acting, 1989) R.D. Pradhan dies.
Russia: Andrey Tarasenko is appointed acting prime minister of Sakha.
Saint Helena: Fiona Kilpatrick is sworn in for another period as administrator of Tristan da Cunha.
São Tomé and Príncipe: The government of Prime Minister Jorge Bom Jesus survives a no-confidence vote in parliament, which is rejected 28-24.
Serbia: Istvan Pastor is reelected as president of the Assembly of Vojvodina.
Uzbekistan: The chairman of parliament of Karakalpakstan, Musa Erniyazov, dies.