Australia: David Hurley is sworn in as governor-general.
Germany: Bremen mayor Carsten Sieling says he will not stand for reelection.
Panama: Laurentino Cortizo takes office as president, with his cabinet including Alejandro Ferrer as foreign minister (see May 5).
Switzerland: Isaac Reber becomes president of the government of Basel-Land, Paul Winiker president of the government of Luzern, Alfred Bossard Landammann of Nidwalden, and Josef Hess Landammann of Obwalden.
Belgium: Liesbeth Homans is sworn in as minister-president of Flanders.
Canada: The lieutenant governor of Saskatchewan, W. Thomas Molloy, dies. Chief Justice Robert Richards has already been acting for him since May 7. On July 17 Russell Mirasty is appointed as lieutenant governor (sworn in July 18).
European Union: The European Council nominates German defense minister Ursula von der Leyen as Commission president. She is confirmed by the European Parliament (383-327) on July 16; she is to take office November 1.
Liechtenstein: Foreign Minister Aurelia Frick loses a no-confidence vote (21 votes for the motion in the 25-seat parliament). The regent, Prince Alois, then confirms her removal. Mauro Pedrazzini becomes acting foreign minister.
New Caledonia: The elected members of the government again fail to elect a vice president. On July 9, however, they elect Gilbert Tyuienon, allowing the government to take office. Its president Thierry Santa takes responsibility for external relations and security and Yoann Lecourieux for finance.
Guinea-Bissau: The new cabinet of Prime Minister Aristides Gomes is announced with Suzi Barbosa as foreign minister, Luís Melo as defense minister, Juliano Augusto Fernandes as interior minister, and Geraldo Martins remaining as finance minister.
India: Former governor of Uttaranchal (2003-07), Uttar Pradesh (2004), and Sikkim (2007-08) Sudarshan Agarwal dies.
Spain: Emiliano García-Page is reelected president of the Junta of Castilla-La Mancha (19-14).
Nigeria: The Supreme Court confirms the September 2018 election of Gboyega Oyetola as governor of Osun.
The Sudan: The Transitional Military Council and the Forces for Freedom and Change (representing civil society) conclude an agreement on the installation of a Sovereignty Council (for an interim period of 3 years and 3 months) of 11 members, presided for the first 21 months by the military and for the remaining 18 months by the civilian side, and the formation of a civilian cabinet (appointed by the Forces for Freedom and Change).
Armenia: Former acting foreign minister (1992-93) Arman Kirakosyan dies.
Greece: In parliamentary elections, New Democracy wins 39.9% of the vote (158 of 300 seats), the Coalition of the Radical Left 31.5% (86), the Movement for Change 8.1% (22), the Communist Party of Greece 5.3% (15), Greek Solution 3.7% (10), the European Realistic Disobedience Front 3.4% (9), and Golden Dawn 2.9% (0). Turnout is 57.9%. On July 8 Kyriakos Mitsotakis is sworn in as prime minister. He names his cabinet (sworn in July 9) with Nikos Dendias as foreign minister, Nikos Panagiotopoulos as defense minister, Takis Theodorikakos as interior minister, and Christos Staikouras as finance minister.
Solomon Islands: David Vunagi's appointment as governor-general takes effect; he is sworn in on July 8.
Turks and Caicos Islands: Governor John Freeman departs. Anya Williams becomes acting governor until Nigel Dakin is sworn in as governor on July 15.
Iraq: The prime minister-designate of Kurdistan, Masrour Barzani, nominates a cabinet with Rebar Ahmed Khalid as interior minister and Awat Janab Nouri Salih as finance minister. On July 10 Barzani is confirmed in the regional parliament (88 votes in favour out of 111 members) and the cabinet members are individually approved by majority votes; the government is then sworn in.
Latvia: Egils Levits takes office as president.
Peru: Jorge Moscoso is sworn in as defense minister.
Algeria: Abdelkader Bensalah's term as acting president is extended by the Constitutional Council.
Argentina: Former chief of government of Buenos Aires city (1996-99) and president (1999-2001) Fernando de la Rúa dies.
Lithuania: Prime Minister Saulius Skvernelis retracts his pledge to resign.
Mexico: Finance Minister Carlos Urzúa resigns. Arturo Herrera is named to replace him.
Spain: Alfonso Fernández Mañueco is elected president of the Junta of Castilla-León (41-38). He takes office July 12.
Congo (Kinshasa): In the repeat gubernatorial election in Sud-Ubangi, Jean-Claude Mabenze Gbey Benz is elected with 17 votes against 7 for Jean-Cléophas Mbwase Koli and 3 for incumbent Joachim Taila Nage.
French Guiana: Marc Del Grande is appointed prefect.
French Polynesia: Dominique Sorain is appointed high commissioner.
Mayotte: Jean-François Colombet is appointed prefect.
New Caledonia: Laurent Prévost is appointed high commissioner.
Thailand: King Vajiralongkorn endorses a new cabinet led by Prime Minister Prayut Chan-o-cha, who also becomes defense minister. Uttama Savanayana becomes finance minister, while Don Pramudwinai stays as foreign minister and Anupong Paochinda as interior minister. The cabinet is sworn in on July 16.
Argentina: Former governor of Buenos Aires (1982-83) Jorge Rubén Aguado dies.
Sri Lanka: A no-confidence motion against the government of Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe is defeated (119-92).
Ukraine: Parliament fails again to dismiss Foreign Minister Pavlo Klimkin (160 votes for the resolution, 226 required).
Lithuania: Gitanas Nauseda is sworn in as president. Prime Minister Saulius Skvernelis formally returns his cabinet's mandate; on July 18 Nauseda again nominates him as prime minister.
Spain: The parliament of Asturias fails to elect a president in the first round of voting, when Adrián Barbón Rodríguez receives 22 votes against 23 abstentions. In a second round on July 15, a relative majority being sufficient, Barbón is elected with 22 votes; he is to take office July 20.
Spain: Ángel Víctor Torres is elected president of the government of Canarias (37-31). He takes office July 16.
United States: Labor Secretary Alexander Acosta resigns, effective July 19. Patrick Pizzella is named acting secretary. On July 18 President Donald Trump nominates Eugene Scalia to the post.
Bangladesh: Former president (1983-90) Hossain Mohammad Ershad dies.
Zambia: Finance Minister Margaret Mwanakatwe is removed and replaced by Bwalya Ng'andu (sworn in July 15).
Germany: Ursula von der Leyen (see July 2) says she will resign as defense minister on July 17. She is replaced on the latter date by Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer.
India: Acharya Dev Vrat is appointed as governor of Gujarat and Kalraj Mishra as governor of Himachal Pradesh. On July 16 Anusuiya Uikey is appointed as governor of Chhattisgarh and Biswa Bhusan Harichandan as governor of Andhra Pradesh.
Romania: Interior Minister Carmen Dan resigns. On July 16 Prime Minister Viorica Dancila submits to the president the nomination of Nicolae Moga as interior minister and of Ramona Manescu as foreign minister.
United States: Navy Secretary Richard V. Spencer takes over as acting defense secretary.
International Monetary Fund: Christine Lagarde resigns as managing director, effective September 12.
Spain: The parliament of La Rioja fails to elect a president, with 16 votes for Concha Andreu but 17 against her. A second round of voting on July 18 yields the same result. A new attempt can be made within two months before the parliament will automatically dissolve.
Croatia: In a cabinet reshuffle, Gordan Grlic Radman is nominated as foreign minister.
Belgium: Rudi Vervoort is sworn in for a new term as minister-president of Brussels-Capital.
Madagascar: The government of Prime Minister Christian Ntsay resigns.