Rulers

November 2018

1

Armenia: Parliament fails for a second time to endorse Nikol Pashinyan as prime minister (0-0 with 13 abstentions). President Armen Sarkisyan consequently dissolves parliament, new elections to be held on December 9.
Bermuda: In a cabinet reshuffle, Curtis Dickinson is appointed and sworn in as finance minister and Walter Roban as home affairs minister.

2


Higgs
Canada: In New Brunswick, the government of Premier Brian Gallant is defeated (25-23) in a confidence vote in the Legislative Assembly. Gallant announces his resignation and the leader of the opposition, Blaine Higgs, is asked to form a government. Higgs is sworn in as premier on November 9. On November 30 he wins a confidence vote (25-23).

Dlamini

Dladla
Eswatini: The cabinet of Prime Minister Ambrose Mandvulo Dlamini is announced with Thuli Dladla as foreign minister, Princess Lindiwe as home affairs minister, and Neal Rijkenberg as finance minister.

3

Albania: President Ilir Meta rejects Prime Minister Edi Rama's nomination of Sandër Lleshi as interior minister. On November 5 Rama appoints Lleshi as deputy interior minister, and Lleshi takes office as acting minister when Fatmir Xhafaj leaves office on November 6.

L. Tshering

Dorji
Bhutan: Prime minister-designate Lotay Tshering announces his cabinet with Tandi Dorji as foreign minister, Dasho Sherub Gyeltshen as home affairs minister, and Namgay Tshering as finance minister. The government is sworn in on November 7.
Côte d'Ivoire: Former foreign minister (2000-03) Abou Drahamane Sangare dies.

Fugatti
Italy: Maurizio Fugatti takes office as president of Trento.

5

Canada: Kennedy Stewart is sworn in as mayor of Vancouver.

6

Canada: Former premier of Quebec (2001-03) Bernard Landry dies.
Germany: The Landtag of Bayern reelects Markus Söder as minister-president (110-89).
Guam: In gubernatorial elections, Lou Leon Guerrero (Democrat) wins 50.7% of the vote against 26.4% for Ray Tenorio (Republican) and 22.9% write-in votes (mainly for Frank Aguon, Jr.). In the legislature, Democrats win 10 of 15 seats and Republicans 5.
Federated States of Micronesia: In gubernatorial elections in Kosrae, Carson K. Sigrah wins 50.2% of the vote and Alik L. Alik 49.8%. In Yap, Henry S. Falan wins 51.7% of the vote and incumbent Tony Ganngiyan 48.3%.
United States: In elections to the House of Representatives, Democrats win 235 of 435 seats and Republicans 199; one seat remains vacant because of irregularities. As a result of elections to 35 of 100 seats in the Senate (including a runoff for one seat on November 27), Republicans will have 53 seats and Democrats 47 (including two independents caucusing with them). Results of gubernatorial elections: Results of mayoral elections: Virgin Islands (U.S.): In gubernatorial elections, Albert Bryan (Democrat) wins 37.9% of the vote, incumbent Kenneth Mapp (independent) 33.7%, and Adlah Donastorg, Jr. (independent), 16.4%; a runoff is held November 20 and won by Bryan with 54.7% of the vote against 45.3% for Mapp. In the legislature, Democrats win 13 of 15 seats and independents 2.

7

Latvia: President Raimonds Vejonis asks Janis Bordans to form a government. On November 14 Bordans announces his failure. On November 26 Vejonis entrusts the government formation to Aldis Gobzems.
Madagascar: In the first round of presidential elections, Andry Rajoelina wins 39.2% of the vote, Marc Ravalomanana 35.3%, and Hery Rajaonarimampianina 8.8%. Turnout is 54.3%. The runoff will be held December 19.
Malawi: In a cabinet reshuffle, Nicholas Dausi becomes minister of homeland security.

Gutsan
Russia: President Vladimir Putin appoints Aleksandr Gutsan as his plenipotentiary in Severo-Zapadny federal district.
United States: Attorney General Jeff Sessions resigns at the request of President Donald Trump, who names Matthew G. Whitaker as acting attorney general.
Yemen: President Abdu Rabu Mansour Hadi appoints Lt.Gen. Mohamed al-Maqdishi as defense minister.

8


Mohamed
Comoros: President Azali Assoumani appoints Abdallah Mohamed as administrator of Anjouan, Governor Abdou Salami Abdou being in detention since October 25.
Sri Lanka: Susil Premajayantha is sworn in as home affairs minister.

9

Chad: In a cabinet reshuffle, Daoud Yaya Brahim is appointed defense minister and Mahamat Abba Ali Salah minister of territorial administration and public security.
Guinea-Bissau: Interior Minister Mutaro Djaló is dismissed.
South Korea: Hong Nam Ki is named finance minister.
Sri Lanka: President Maithripala Sirisena dissolves parliament and calls new elections for Jan. 5, 2019. On November 13 the Supreme Court issues a stay order on the dissolution, pending a final ruling in December. On November 14 the parliament passes (by voice vote) a no-confidence motion against the purported prime minister Mahinda Rajapakse. Sirisena rejects the vote, saying proper procedures were not followed. On November 16 parliament adopts a new no-confidence motion.

10


Hiir
Somalia: In a cabinet reshuffle in Somaliland, Yasin Mohamud Hiir is appointed foreign minister and Saad Ali Shire finance minister.
Switzerland: Former president of the government of Zürich (1983-84) Konrad Gisler dies.

11


Konovalov
Russia: In the runoff in Khakassia, sole candidate Valentin Konovalov is elected head of the republic with 58.3% of the vote (41.7% against). He is inaugurated on November 15.

12

Belgium: Sander Loones is sworn in as defense minister.
Marshall Islands: President Hilda Heine survives a no-confidence vote (16-16).

13

Northern Mariana Islands: In gubernatorial elections, incumbent Ralph Torres (Republican) wins 62.2% of the vote and Juan Babauta (Independent) 37.8%. In the House, Republicans win 13 of 20 seats and Independents 7; in the election to 6 of 9 Senate seats, Republicans win 4 and Independents 2.
South Africa: Home Affairs Minister Malusi Gigaba resigns. Transport Minister Blade Nzimande is appointed as acting home affairs minister. In a reshuffle on November 22 Siyabonga Cwele is appointed home affairs minister.

14

Fiji: In parliamentary elections, FijiFirst wins 50.0% of the vote (27 of 51 seats), the Social Democratic Liberal Party 39.9% (21), and the National Federation Party 7.4% (3). Turnout is 71.9%. On November 20 Voreqe Bainimarama is again sworn in as prime minister. On November 22 the new cabinet is sworn in with Inia Seruiratu as defense and national security minister, while Bainimarama remains foreign minister and Aiyaz Sayed-Khaiyum economy minister.
Israel: Defense Minister Avigdor Lieberman resigns (effective November 16). Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu takes up the portfolio.
Sweden: Parliament rejects the speaker's nominee Ulf Kristersson as prime minister (195-154). On November 15 the speaker asks Annie Lööf to explore the possibilities of forming a new government. On November 22 she abandons her attempts. On November 23 the speaker again gives a mandate to Stefan Löfven.

15

Czech Republic: Zdenek Hrib is elected mayor of Praha.

16

Săo Tomé and Príncipe: José Cassandra takes office for a new term as president of the regional government of Príncipe.

17


Solih
Maldives: Ibrahim Mohamed Solih is sworn in as president. He appoints a cabinet including Abdulla Shahid as foreign minister, Mariya Ahmed Didi as defense minister, Sheikh Imran Abdulla as home affairs minister, and Ibrahim Ameer as finance minister.

18

Japan: In gubernatorial elections in Ehime, incumbent Tokihiro Nakamura is reelected with 88.7% of the vote. Turnout is about 39%.

19

Bosnia and Herzegovina: Zeljka Cvijanovic is sworn in as president of Republika Srpska. On November 20 she nominates Radovan Viskovic as prime minister.

Decorps
French Southern and Antarctic Lands: Evelyne Decorps takes office as administrator-superior.
Romania: Defense Minister Mihai Fifor resigns. In a cabinet reshuffle on November 20, Gabriel-Beniamin Les is sworn in as defense minister.
Tuvalu: Former prime minister (2006-10) and foreign minister (2006-10, 2010-13) Apisai Ielemia dies.
Venezuela: Former foreign minister (2004-06) Alí Rodríguez Araque (also secretary-general of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries 2001-02 and of the Union of South American Nations 2012-14) dies.

20

Bosnia and Herzegovina: Milorad Dodik becomes chairman of the Presidency.
Estonia: Interior Minister Andres Anvelt resigns. On November 26 Katri Raik is appointed interior minister.
India: In parliamentary elections in Chhattisgarh held November 12 and 20, the Indian National Congress wins 43.0% of the vote (68 of 90 seats), the Bharatiya Janata Party 33.0% (15), the Janta Congress Chhattisgarh (J) 7.6% (5), and the Bahujan Samaj Party 3.9% (2).

21

Ukraine: Prime Minister Volodymyr Hroisman requests parliament to appoint Oksana Markarova as finance minister; it does so on November 22.

22

Săo Tomé and Príncipe: President Evaristo Carvalho dissolves the government of Prime Minister Patrice Trovoada. On November 29 Carvalho appoints Jorge Bom Jesus as prime minister.
Spain: Alfred Bosch is named external action minister of Catalonia (taking office November 23).

23

Czech Republic: The government of Prime Minister Andrej Babis survives a parliamentary no-confidence vote, which is supported by 92 members (101 required).

24

Australia: In parliamentary elections in Victoria, the Labor Party wins 42.9% of the vote for the Legislative Assembly (55 of 88 seats), the Liberal Party 30.4% (21), the Greens 10.7% (3), the Nationals 4.8% (6), and independents 6.1% (3); turnout is 90.2%. For the Legislative Council, the Labor Party wins 39.2% of the vote (18 of 40 seats), the Liberal Party 17.2% (7), the Liberal/National coalition 12.3% (4), the Greens 9.3% (1), others 22.1% (10); turnout is 90.1%.
Bahrain: In the first round of parliamentary elections (turnout 67%), 9 members are elected. The remaining 31 seats will be allocated in the second round on December 1.
Taiwan: Premier Lai Ching-te offers his resignation but President Tsai Ing-wen rejects it.

25

Japan: In gubernatorial elections in Wakayama, incumbent Yoshinobu Nisaka wins 80.1% of the vote and Masayoshi Hatanaka 19.9%. Turnout is 38.3%.
Nigeria: Former governor of North Central state (1968-75) Abba Kyari dies.
Senegal: Former foreign minister (1998-2000) Jacques Baudin dies.

26

Syria: In a cabinet reshuffle, Muhammad Khalid Rahmun is appointed as interior minister.

27

Nigeria: Gboyega Oyetola is sworn in as governor of Osun.

28

Georgia: In the presidential runoff, Salome Zurabishvili wins 59.5% of the vote and Grigol Vashadze 40.5%.
India: In parliamentary elections in Madhya Pradesh, the Bharatiya Janata Party wins 41.0% of the vote (109 of 230 seats), the Indian National Congress 40.9% (114), independents 5.8% (4), and the Bahujan Samaj Party 5.0% (2). In Mizoram, the Mizo National Front wins 37.6% of the vote (26 of 40 seats), the Indian National Congress 30.2% (5), independents 22.9% (8), and the Bharatiya Janata Party 8.0% (1).
Indonesia: Former governor of Jambi (1999-2005, 2005-10) Zulkifli Nurdin dies.

29

Slovakia: Foreign Minister Miroslav Lajcák resigns.

30

Mongolia: Prime Minister Ukhnaa Khürelsükh survives a no-confidence motion in parliament (rejected 40-33).
United States: Former UN ambassador (1971-73), CIA director (1976-77), vice president (1981-89), and president (1989-93) George Bush dies.