October 2018


Canada: In parliamentary elections in Quebec, the Coalition Avenir Québec wins 37.4% of the vote (74 of 125 seats), the Quebec Liberal Party 24.8% (31), the Parti Québécois 17.1% (10), and Québec Solidaire 16.1% (10). Turnout is 66.4%.
Dominica: Parliament reelects Charles Savarin as president.
France: Interior Minister Gérard Collomb tenders his resignation to President Emmanuel Macron, but he rejects it. On October 2 Collomb reiterates his decision to resign and early on October 3 Macron accepts it, asking Prime Minister Édouard Philippe to take over the portfolio until a successor is named.
Iraq: Parliament fails, due to a lack of quorum, to elect a president. A new session is called for October 2, when, in a first round (with a two-thirds majority required), Barham Salih wins 165 votes and Fuad Hussein 90; in the second round (simple majority sufficient) Salih is elected 219-22, after Hussein's withdrawal was announced (but not accepted by the parliament speaker). Salih is then sworn in and tasks Adel Abdul Mahdi with forming a government.
Mexico: Cuauhtémoc Blanco takes office as governor of Morelos and Mauricio Vila Dosal as governor of Yucatán.
Russia: Acting incumbent Aleksandr Tsybulsky, who was nominated as candidate for the post of governor of Nenets autonomous okrug together with Andrey Smychenkov and Andrey Ruzhnikov, is elected by the local assembly (12 of 17 votes) and sworn in.

San Marino: Mirco Tomassoni (Democratic Socialist Left) and Luca Santolini (Civic10) take office as captains-regent.
Vietnam: Former chairman of the Council of Ministers (1988-91) and general secretary of the Communist Party (1991-97) Do Muoi dies.


Japan: In a cabinet reshuffle, Takeshi Iwaya is appointed defense minister.
Russia: President Vladimir Putin accepts the resignation of the head of the administration of Lipetsk oblast, Oleg Korolev, and appoints Igor Artamonov as acting head of the administration. Putin also accepts the resignation of the governor of Kurgan oblast, Aleksey Kokorin, and appoints Vadim Shumkov as acting governor. Andrey Filyagin withdraws his candidature from the runoff in Khakassia, which is now scheduled for October 21 between Valentin Konovalov and fourth-placed Aleksandr Myakhar (who also withdraws on October 15, the vote then being postponed to November 11 with Konovalov as sole candidate). On October 3 Putin appoints Mikhail Razvozhayev as acting head of the republic - chairman of the government of Khakassia. Also on October 3 Putin accepts the resignation of the governor of Saint Petersburg, Georgy Poltavchenko, and appoints Aleksandr Beglov as acting governor, relieving him from his duties as plenipotentiary of the president in Severo-Zapadny federal district.
Sweden: Riksdag speaker Andreas Norlén announces that he has asked Moderate Party leader Ulf Kristersson to form a government. Kristersson abandons his attempt on October 14. On October 15 Norlén asks Prime Minister Stefan Löfven to form a new government.
United States: In mayoral elections in Juneau, Beth Weldon wins 48.9% of the vote and Saralyn Tabachnick 39.1%.


Pakistan: Amanullah Khan Yasinzai is appointed as governor of Balochistan (sworn in October 4).


Japan: Denny Tamaki takes office as governor of Okinawa.


Latvia: In parliamentary elections, Harmony wins 19.8% of the vote and 23 of 100 seats, Who Owns the State 14.3% (16), the New Conservative Party 13.6% (16), For Development/For! 12.0% (13), the National Alliance 11.0% (13), the Union of Greens and Farmers 9.9% (11), and New Unity 6.7% (8). Turnout is 54.6%.


Bosnia and Herzegovina: In the election to the tripartite presidency, Milorad Dodik wins the Serb seat with 53.9% of the vote (against Mladen Ivanic with 43.0%), Sefik Dzaferovic the Bosniak seat with 36.5% (against Denis Becirovic with 33.6%), and Zeljko Komsic the Croat seat with 54.1% (against Dragan Covic with 34.6%). Zeljka Cvijanovic is elected president of the Republika Srpska with 47.5% of the vote, against Vukota Govedarica with 43.0%.
Brazil: In the first round of presidential elections, Jair Bolsonaro of the Social Liberal Party (PSL) wins 46.0% of the vote, Fernando Haddad of the Workers' Party (PT) 29.3%, Ciro Gomes of the Democratic Labour Party (PDT) 12.5%, and Geraldo Alckmin of the Brazilian Social Democratic Party (PSDB) 4.8%. The runoff is to be held October 28. In the parliamentary elections, the PT wins 56 of 513 seats in the Chamber of Deputies, the PSL 52, the Progressive Party (PP) 37, the Brazilian Democratic Movement (MDB) 34, the Social Democratic Party (PSD) 34, the Party of the Republic (PR) 33, the Brazilian Socialist Party (PSB) 32, the Brazilian Republican Party (PRB) 30, the PSDB 29, the Democrats (DEM) 29, the PDT 28, Solidarity (SD) 13, Podemos (PODE) 11, the Socialism and Liberty Party (PSOL) 10, and the Brazilian Labour Party (PTB) 10. Results of gubernatorial elections (first round): Libya: In a reshuffle of Fayez al-Sarraj's government, Fathi Bashagha is appointed interior minister and Faraj Bumatari finance minister.
São Tomé and Príncipe: In parliamentary elections, the Independent Democratic Action wins 43.6% of the vote (25 of 55 seats), the Movement for the Liberation of São Tomé and Príncipe/Social Democratic Party (MLSTP/PSD) 42.1% (23), and the coalition of Democratic Convergence Party, Union for Democracy and Development, and Democratic Movement Force of Change 9.9% (5). Turnout is about 81%. In the elections in the autonomous region of Príncipe, the Union for Change and Progress in Príncipe wins 62.6% of the vote (5 of 7 seats), the Green Movement for the Development of Príncipe 27.5% (2), and the MLSTP/PSD 9.9% (0).


Russia: Vladimir Sipyagin takes office as governor of Vladimir oblast.


South Africa: Finance Minister Nhlanhla Nene resigns. Tito Mboweni is appointed and sworn in as finance minister.
United States: UN ambassador Nikki Haley resigns, effective at the end of the year.


France: Former president of the Regional Council of Centre (1979-83) Jean Delaneau dies.
Russia: Stanislav Voskresensky takes office as governor of Ivanovo oblast.


Russia: President Vladimir Putin accepts the resignation of the head of the republic of Bashkortostan, Rustem Khamitov, and appoints Rady Khabirov as acting head of the republic. Putin also accepts the resignation of the governor of Kursk oblast, Aleksandr Mikhailov, and appoints Roman Starovoyt as acting governor.


Philippines: Teodoro Locsin, Jr., is named to replace Alan Peter Cayetano as foreign secretary.
Portugal: Defense Minister José Alberto Azeredo Lopes resigns. On October 14 João Gomes Cravinho is named defense minister.
South Africa: Former foreign minister (1977-94) Roelof Botha dies.


Czech Republic: Elections for 27 of 81 seats in the Senate are held in two rounds October 5-6 and 12-13. Only 2 seats are decided in the first round (turnout 42.3%). The second round (turnout 16.5%) leads to the following distribution of seats: Civic Democratic Party 10, Mayors and Independents 5 (1 from the first round), Christian and Democratic Union-Czechoslovak People's Party 2 (1 from the first round), Action of Dissatisfied Citizens 2011 1, Czech Social Democratic Party 1, Pirate Party 1, Tradition Responsibility Prosperity 09 1, smaller parties and independents 6.


Germany: In state elections in Bayern, the Christian Social Union wins 37.2% of the vote (85 of 205 seats), the Greens 17.5% (38), the Free Voters 11.6% (27), the Alternative for Germany 10.2% (22), the Social Democratic Party 9.7% (22), the Free Democratic Party 5.1% (11), and the Left 3.2% (0). Turnout is 72.4%.
Luxembourg: In parliamentary elections, the Christian Social People's Party wins 28.3% of the vote (21 of 60 seats), the Socialist Workers' Party 17.6% (10), the Democratic Party 16.9% (12), the Greens 15.1% (9), the Alternative Democratic Reform Party 8.3% (4), the Pirate Party 6.4% (2), and the Left 5.5% (2). Turnout is 89.7%.


Yemen: President Abdu Rabu Mansour Hadi dismisses Ahmad Obaid Bin Daghr and appoints Maeen Abdul Malik as prime minister.