September 2018


Ecuador: María Paula Romo takes office as interior minister.
Rwanda: In parliamentary elections held September 2-3, the Rwandan Patriotic Front wins about 74% of the vote (40 of 53 directly elected seats), the Social Democratic Party about 9% (5), the Liberal Party about 7% (4), the Democratic Green Party about 5% (2), and the Social Party Imberakuri about 5% (2). With 24 seats reserved for women, two for youth, and one for the disabled, the total is 80 seats.


Bolivia: Diego Pary is sworn in as foreign minister.


Mali: President Ibrahim Boubacar Keita is sworn in for his second term. Prime Minister Soumeylou Boubèye Maïga resigns as required by the constitution, but is immediately reappointed. On September 9 the new cabinet is announced with Kamissa Camara as foreign minister and Tiémoko Sangaré as defense minister; Salif Traoré remains security minister and Boubou Cissé finance minister.
Montserrat: Former chief minister (1996-97) Bertrand Osborne dies.
Pakistan: Arif Alvi is elected president with 353 electoral votes, against 185 for Fazlur Rehman and 124 for Aitzaz Ahsan. Alvi is sworn in on September 9.


Eswatini: Vincent Mhlanga is appointed acting prime minister. In the new pre-election cabinet (composed of the principal secretaries of the various ministries) Joel Musa Nhleko is the acting foreign minister, Anthony Masilela the acting home affairs minister, and Bheki Bhembe the acting finance minister.


Haiti: The new government of prime minister-designate Jean-Henry Céant is named including Bocchit Edmond as foreign minister, Enol Joseph as defense minister, and Ronald Décembre as finance minister; Jean-Marie Reynaldo Brunet remains interior minister. On September 15 the Senate endorses Céant's policy statement (21-5) and the government is confirmed by the lower house (84-5) on September 16 and takes office September 17.
Indonesia: I Wayan Koster is inaugurated as governor of Bali, Ridwan Kamil as governor of Jawa Barat, Ganjar Pranowo as governor of Jawa Tengah, Sutarmidji as governor of Kalimantan Barat, Viktor Laiskodat as governor of Nusa Tenggara Timur, Lukas Enembe as governor of Papua, Nurdin Abdullah as governor of Sulawesi Selatan, Ali Mazi as governor of Sulawesi Tenggara, and Edy Rahmayadi as governor of Sumatera Utara.
Pakistan: Shah Farman is sworn in as governor of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Mohammad Sarwar as governor of Punjab.


Cambodia: Parliament reelects Samdech Hun Sen as prime minister and approves an unchanged cabinet.
Libya: Prime Minister Fayez al-Sarraj is given the authority of the defense minister.
Pakistan: The governor of Balochistan, Mohammad Khan Achakzai, resigns and the speaker of the provincial assembly, Abdul Quddus Bizenjo, becomes acting governor.
Russia: Former acting prime minister (1991) Oleg Lobov dies.


Madagascar: President Hery Rajaonarimampianina resigns as required 60 days before a presidential election. Senate president Rivo Rakotovao becomes acting president.

Russia: President Vladimir Putin appoints Igor Komarov as his plenipotentiary in Privolzhsky federal district.
Sweden: Former governor of Uppsala (1980-86) Ingemar Mundebo dies.
United States: Former energy secretary (2005-09) Samuel Bodman dies.
Zimbabwe: President Emmerson Mnangagwa announces his new cabinet (sworn in September 10) with Oppah Muchinguri as defense minister, Cain Mathema as home affairs minister, Mthuli Ncube as finance minister, and Sibusiso Moyo remaining foreign minister.


Georgia: The prime minister of Abkhazia, Gennady Gagulia, dies in a traffic accident. The first deputy prime minister, Daur Arshba, becomes acting prime minister. On September 18 President Raul Khadjimba appoints Valery Bganba as prime minister.
Japan: Former governor of Nagasaki (1982-98) Isamu Takada dies.
Malaysia: Tan Sri Abu Hassan Omar, former foreign minister (1987-91) and chief minister of Selangor (1997-2000), dies.


Russia: Vladimir Vasilyev is elected by the local parliament as head of the republic of Dagestan (77 of 86 votes), Yunus-Bek Yevkurov as head of the republic of Ingushetia (26 of 30), and Dmitry Artyukhov as governor of Yamalo-Nenets autonomous okrug (14 of 18); all are the (acting, except Yevkurov) incumbents and are sworn in the same day; in Ingushetia the legislature then approves Zyalimkhan Yevloyev as prime minister (29-1). Results of popular elections (CPRF=Communist Party of the Russian Federation; LDPR=Liberal-Democratic Party of Russia; UR=United Russia):

The Sudan: President Omar Hassan Ahmad al-Bashir dissolves the cabinet of Prime Minister Bakri Hassan Saleh and appoints Mutaz Musa as prime minister, who is sworn in on September 10. On September 13 the new cabinet is announced with Ahmed Bilal Othman as interior minister and Abdallah Hamduk as finance minister; al-Dirdiri Mohamed Ahmed remains foreign minister and Awad Ibn Auf defense minister. The cabinet is sworn in on September 15, but Hamduk declines his appointment and Musa takes up the portfolio.
Sweden: In parliamentary elections, the Social Democrats win 28.4% of the vote (101 of 349 seats), the Moderates 19.8% (70), the Sweden Democrats 17.6% (62), the Centre Party 8.6% (31), the Left Party 7.9% (28), the Christian Democrats 6.4% (23), the Liberals 5.5% (19), and the Green Party 4.3% (15). Turnout is 84.4%. On September 25 Prime Minister Stefan Löfven is defeated in a confidence vote (204-142).


Mauritania: Former foreign minister (1962-63, 1978-79) Cheikhna Ould Mohamed Laghdaf dies.


Cocos Islands: Former administrator (1990-92) Barry Cunningham dies.


China: Lin Hujia, former chairman of the Revolutionary Committee of Tianjin (1978) and chairman of the Revolutionary Committee (1978-79) and mayor (1979-81) of Beijing, dies.
Cook Islands: Tessa Temata is announced as the next high commissioner.
Guatemala: Víctor Martínez is sworn in as finance minister.

Slovenia: Parliament endorses (45-34) the cabinet of Prime Minister Marjan Sarec (see August 8) and it is sworn in.
Switzerland: The president of the Council of State of Genève, Pierre Maudet, resigns and is replaced by Antonio Hodgers.


Lesotho: Defense Minister Sentje Lebona resigns and Mampho Mokhele is appointed as acting defense minister.
Nigeria: Finance Minister Kemi Adeosun resigns. Zainab Ahmed is appointed acting finance minister; she takes office September 17.
Pakistan: The governor of Gilgit-Baltistan, Mir Ghazanfar Ali Khan, submits his resignation. President Arif Alvi accepts it on September 15 and the speaker of the local assembly, Fida Muhammad Nashad, becomes acting governor. On September 25 Raja Jalal Hussain Maqpoon is appointed governor (sworn in September 30).


Argentina: Former governor of Córdoba (1999-2007, 2011-15) José Manuel de la Sota dies in a car accident.
Bhutan: In the first round of parliamentary elections, Druk Nyamrup Tshogpa wins 31.9% of the vote, Druk Phuensum Tshogpa (Bhutan Peace and Prosperity Party) 30.9%, the ruling People's Democratic Party 27.4%, and the Bhutan Kuen-Nyam Party 9.8%. Turnout is 66.4%. In the second round on October 18, only the first two parties will be allowed to participate for the allocation of the 47 seats.
Mauritania: In parliamentary elections held in two rounds September 1 and 15, the Party of Union for the Republic wins 19.5% of the vote (89 of 157 seats) and the National Rally for Reform and Development (Tewassoul) 11.3% (14). Turnout is 72.5%.


Brazil: Former governor of Espírito Santo (1991-95) Albuíno Cunha de Azeredo dies.


Indonesia: Rosiady Sayuti becomes acting governor of Nusa Tenggara Barat as the term of Governor Zainul Majdi ends. On September 19 Zulkieflimansyah is inaugurated as governor.


Kazakhstan: Alikhan Smailov is appointed finance minister.
San Marino: Former captain-regent (1970-71) Giuseppe Lonfernini dies.


Peru: The government of Prime Minister César Villanueva wins a confidence vote in parliament (82-22).


Bulgaria: Parliament approves a cabinet reshuffle, including Mladen Marinov as new interior minister.
Cayman Islands: Governor Anwar Choudhury is removed from office.
Chad: Allali Mahamat Abakar is named finance minister (taking office September 24).
Cook Islands: Internal Affairs Minister Albert Nicholas is removed from office and replaced by Vaine Makiroa Mokoroa.
Morocco: Former prime minister (1971-72, 1983-86, 1992-94) Mohamed Karim Lamrani dies.


Bolivia: Former foreign minister (1979, 1986-89) Guillermo Bedregal Gutiérrez dies.
Eswatini: In parliamentary elections, 59 nonpartisan members are elected. With 10 members appointed by the king, there are 69 seats.
Nigeria: Former governor of West Central/Kwara (1967-75) David Bamigboye dies.
Ukraine: Former prime minister (1987-90, 1994-95) Vitaliy Masol dies.

Dang Thi
Vietnam: President Tran Dai Quang dies. Vice President Dang Thi Ngoc Thinh becomes acting president.


Nigeria: In gubernatorial elections in Osun, Ademola Adeleke (People's Democratic Party) wins 35.4% of the vote, Gboyega Oyetola (All Progressives Congress) 35.3%, and Iyiola Omisore (Social Democratic Party) 17.8%. The electoral commission decides that the election is inconclusive because the margin of the leading candidate is lower than the number of electors in the polling units where the election was cancelled. A rerun of the election takes place in these polling units on September 27, and the final results are Oyetola 35.4%, Adeleke 35.3%, Omisore 17.7%; turnout 45.8%. Oyetola is to take office November 27.
South Africa: Former premier of North West (2004-09) Edna Molewa dies.


China: Former governor of Henan (1979-81) Liu Jie dies.
Maldives: In presidential elections, Ibrahim Mohamed Solih (Maldivian Democratic Party) wins 58.3% of the vote and incumbent Abdulla Yameen (Progressive Party of Maldives) 41.7%. Turnout is 89.2%.


Canada: In parliamentary elections in New Brunswick, the Liberal Party wins 37.8% of the vote (21 of 49 seats), the Progressive Conservative Party 31.9% (22), the People's Alliance of New Brunswick 12.6% (3), the Green Party 11.9% (3), and the New Democratic Party 5.0% (0). Turnout is 67.1%.
Moldova: The Constitutional Court rules once again to temporarily suspend President Igor Dodon for his refusal to appoint ministers.


Paraguay: Former foreign minister (1983-88) Carlos Augusto Saldívar dies.


Mexico: Diego Sinhué Rodríguez takes office as governor of Guanajuato.


K. Kokov
Russia: President Vladimir Putin accepts the resignation of the governor of Astrakhan oblast, Aleksandr Zhilkin, and of the head of the republic of Kabardino-Balkariya, Yury Kokov. Sergey Morozov is appointed acting governor of Astrakhan and Kazbek Kokov acting head of the republic of Kabardino-Balkariya.


Brazil: Former governor of the Distrito Federal (1988-90, 1991-95, 1999-2006) Joaquim Domingos Roriz dies.


Eswatini: Former prime minister (1996-2003, 2008-18) Sibusiso Barnabas Dlamini dies.


Moldova: Stepan Topal, former chairman of the Supreme Soviet (1990-91) and president (1991-95) of Gagauzia, dies.


Iraq: In parliamentary elections in the autonomous region of Kurdistan, the Kurdistan Democratic Party wins about 45% of the vote (45 of 100 general seats), the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan about 21% (21), the Change Movement (Gorran) about 12% (12), the New Generation Movement about 8% (8), the Kurdistan Islamic Group about 7% (7), and the Toward Reform Coalition about 5% (5); 11 seats are reserved for minorities, giving a total of 111. Turnout is about 60%.
Japan: In gubernatorial elections in Okinawa, Denny Tamaki wins 55.1% of the vote and Atsushi Sakima 43.9%. Turnout is 63.2%.