Rwanda: In parliamentary elections held September 2-3, the Rwandan Patriotic Front wins about 74% of the vote (40 of 53 directly elected seats), the Social Democratic Party about 9% (5), the Liberal Party about 7% (4), the Democratic Green Party about 5% (2), and the Social Party Imberakuri about 5% (2). With 24 seats reserved for women, two for youth, and one for the disabled, the total is 80 seats.
Bolivia: Diego Pary is sworn in as foreign minister.
Mali: President Ibrahim Boubacar Keita is sworn in for his second term. Prime Minister Soumeylou Boubèye Maïga resigns as required by the constitution, but is immediately reappointed. On September 9 the new cabinet is announced with Kamissa Camara as foreign minister and Tiémoko Sangaré as defense minister; Salif Traoré remains security minister and Boubou Cissé finance minister.
Montserrat: Former chief minister (1996-97) Bertrand Osborne dies.
Pakistan: Arif Alvi is elected president with 353 electoral votes, against 185 for Fazlur Rehman and 124 for Aitzaz Ahsan. Alvi is sworn in on September 9.
Eswatini: Vincent Mhlanga is appointed acting prime minister. In the new pre-election cabinet (composed of the principal secretaries of the various ministries) Joel Musa Nhleko is the acting foreign minister, Anthony Masilela the acting home affairs minister, and Bheki Bhembe the acting finance minister.
Haiti: The new government of prime minister-designate Jean-Henry Céant is named including Bocchit Edmond as foreign minister, Enol Joseph as defense minister, and Ronald Décembre as finance minister; Jean-Marie Reynaldo Brunet remains interior minister. On September 15 the Senate endorses Céant's policy statement (21-5) and the government is confirmed by the lower house (84-5) on September 16 and takes office September 17.
Pakistan: Shah Farman is sworn in as governor of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Mohammad Sarwar as governor of Punjab.
Cambodia: Parliament reelects Samdech Hun Sen as prime minister and approves an unchanged cabinet.
Libya: Prime Minister Fayez al-Sarraj is given the authority of the defense minister.
Pakistan: The governor of Balochistan, Mohammad Khan Achakzai, resigns and the speaker of the provincial assembly, Abdul Quddus Bizenjo, becomes acting governor.
Russia: Former acting prime minister (1991) Oleg Lobov dies.
Madagascar: President Hery Rajaonarimampianina resigns as required 60 days before a presidential election. Senate president Rivo Rakotovao becomes acting president.
Russia: President Vladimir Putin appoints Igor Komarov as his plenipotentiary in Privolzhsky federal district.
Sweden: Former governor of Uppsala (1980-86) Ingemar Mundebo dies.
United States: Former energy secretary (2005-09) Samuel Bodman dies.
Zimbabwe: President Emmerson Mnangagwa announces his new cabinet (sworn in September 10) with Oppah Muchinguri as defense minister, Cain Mathema as home affairs minister, Mthuli Ncube as finance minister, and Sibusiso Moyo remaining foreign minister.
Georgia: The prime minister of Abkhazia, Gennady Gagulia, dies in a traffic accident. The first deputy prime minister, Daur Arshba, becomes acting prime minister. On September 18 President Raul Khadjimba appoints Valery Bganba as prime minister.
Malaysia: Tan Sri Abu Hassan Omar, former foreign minister (1987-91) and chief minister of Selangor (1997-2000), dies.
Russia: Vladimir Vasilyev is elected by the local parliament as head of the republic of Dagestan (77 of 86 votes), Yunus-Bek Yevkurov as head of the republic of Ingushetia (26 of 30), and Dmitry Artyukhov as governor of Yamalo-Nenets autonomous okrug (14 of 18); all are the (acting, except Yevkurov) incumbents and are sworn in the same day; in Ingushetia the legislature then approves Zyalimkhan Yevloyev as prime minister (29-1). Results of popular elections (CPRF=Communist Party of the Russian Federation; LDPR=Liberal-Democratic Party of Russia; UR=United Russia):
The Sudan: President Omar Hassan Ahmad al-Bashir dissolves the cabinet of Prime Minister Bakri Hassan Saleh and appoints Mutaz Musa as prime minister, who is sworn in on September 10. On September 13 the new cabinet is announced with Ahmed Bilal Othman as interior minister and Abdallah Hamduk as finance minister; al-Dirdiri Mohamed Ahmed remains foreign minister and Awad Ibn Auf defense minister. The cabinet is sworn in on September 15, but Hamduk declines his appointment and Musa takes the portfolio in an acting capacity.
- Khakassia: Valentin Konovalov (CPRF) wins 47.1% of the vote, incumbent Viktor Zimin (UR) 34.1%, Andrey Filyagin (A Just Russia) 11.8%, Aleksandr Myakhar (Party of Growth) 7.0%; turnout 41.8%. On September 21 Zimin withdraws his candidature from the runoff, which was to take place September 23. A runoff is now to take place within two weeks between Konovalov and the third-placed candidate, Filyagin.
- Sakha: acting incumbent Aysen Nikolayev (UR) 74.2%, Viktor Gubarev (CPRF) 12.5%, Vladimir Bogdanov (A Just Russia) 6.8%, Gavril Parakhin (LDPR) 6.5%; turnout 50.6%. Nikolayev takes office September 27.
- Altay kray: acting incumbent Viktor Tomenko (UR) 55.0%, Vladimir Semyonov (LDPR) 16.6%, Lyudmila Suslova (A Just Russia) 14.5%, Andrey Krylov (Party of Growth) 13.8%; turnout 37.3%. Tomenko takes office September 17.
- Khabarovsk kray: Sergey Furgal (LDPR) 37.1%, incumbent Vyacheslav Shport (UR) 36.9%, Anastasiya Salamakha (CPRF) 16.3%, Igor Glukhov (A Just Russia) 5.7%; turnout 36.1%. Runoff (September 23): Furgal 71.3%, Shport 28.7%; turnout 47.4%. Furgal takes office September 28.
- Krasnoyarsk kray: acting incumbent Aleksandr Uss (UR) 62.8%, Yegor Bondarenko (LDPR) 24.4%, Aleksandr Lympio (A Just Russia) 12.9%; turnout 28.9%. Uss takes office September 21.
- Primorsky kray: acting incumbent Andrey Tarasenko (UR) 48.5%, Andrey Ishchenko (CPRF) 25.6%, Yuliya Tolmacheva (Party of Pensioners) 11.2%, Andrey Andreychenko (LDPR) 9.6%, Aleksey Kozitsky (A Just Russia) 5.0%; turnout 30.2%. Runoff (September 16): Tarasenko 50.8%, Ishchenko 49.2%; turnout 35.4%. On September 20 the local electoral commission declares the election results invalid; new elections are to take place within three months. On September 26 President Vladimir Putin appoints the governor of Sakhalin oblast, Oleg Kozhemyako, as acting governor of Primorsky kray; from September 27 Vera Shcherbina is acting governor of Sakhalin.
- Amur oblast: acting incumbent Vasily Orlov (UR) 58.0%, Tatyana Rakutina (CPRF) 27.7%, Sergey Levitsky (A Just Russia) 8.2%, Natalya Glazkova (People's Party "For Women of Russia") 6.1%; turnout 31.2%. Orlov takes office September 27.
- Ivanovo oblast: acting incumbent Stanislav Voskresensky (UR) 67.4%, Sergey Natsiyevsky (CPRF) 12.2%, Dmitry Shelyakin (LDPR) 9.7%, Pavel Popov (A Just Russia) 5.4%, Aleksandr Orekhov (Communists of Russia) 5.3%; turnout 32.9%.
- Kemerovo oblast: acting incumbent Sergey Tsivilyov (UR) 82.7%, Igor Ukraintsev (LDPR) 5.1%, Vladimir Karpov (CPRF) 5.0%; turnout 66.3%. Tsivilyov takes office September 17.
- Magadan oblast: acting incumbent Sergey Nosov (UR) 83.3%, Valentina Doroshkevich (CPRF) 10.3%, Roman Isayev (LDPR) 4.8%; turnout 39.6%. Nosov takes office September 13.
- Moscow oblast: incumbent Andrey Vorobyov (UR) 63.9%, Konstantin Cheremisov (CPRF) 13.3%, Liliya Belova (Alliance of Greens) 7.7%, Kirill Zhigarev (LDPR) 5.9%, Igor Chistyukhin (A Just Russia) 4.7%, Boris Nadezhdin (Party of Growth) 4.5%; turnout 38.5%. Vorobyov takes office September 14.
- Nizhny Novgorod oblast: acting incumbent Gleb Nikitin (UR) 68.8%, Vladislav Yegorov (CPRF) 16.9%, Aleksandr Kurdyumov (LDPR) 6.6%, Galina Klochkova (A Just Russia) 4.4%; turnout 40.5%. Nikitin takes office September 26.
- Novosibirsk oblast: acting incumbent Andrey Travnikov (UR) 66.5%, Dmitry Savelyev (LDPR) 17.9%, Anatoly Kubanov (A Just Russia) 12.1%; turnout 29.5%. Travnikov takes office September 14.
- Omsk oblast: acting incumbent Aleksandr Burkov (A Just Russia) 84.9%, Aleksey Lozhkin (LDPR) 8.7%; turnout 43.6%. Burkov takes office September 14.
- Oryol oblast: acting incumbent Andrey Klychkov (CPRF) 85.2%, Ruslan Perelygin (A Just Russia) 4.9%, Yevgeny Alyokhin (Motherland) 4.1%; turnout 57.8%. Klychkov takes office September 14.
- Pskov oblast: acting incumbent Mikhail Vedernikov (UR) 73.2%, Arkady Murylev (CPRF) 14.3%, Anton Minakov (LDPR) 5.6%, Sergey Kulakov (Party of Pensioners) 4.1%; turnout 36.9%. Vedernikov takes office September 17.
- Samara oblast: acting incumbent Dmitry Azarov (UR) 74.4%, Aleksey Leskin (CPRF) 10.2%, Aleksandr Stepanov (LDPR) 5.9%, Vitaly Kirsanov (Communists of Russia) 4.1%; turnout 47.9%. Azarov takes office September 17.
- Tyumen oblast: acting incumbent Aleksandr Moor (UR) 67.6%, Artyom Zaitsev (LDPR) 13.3%, Ivan Levchenko (CPRF) 13.2%, Vladimir Piskaykin (A Just Russia) 5.9%; turnout 49.0%. Moor takes office September 14.
- Vladimir oblast: incumbent Svetlana Orlova (UR) 39.6%, Vladimir Sipyagin (LDPR) 33.9%, Sergey Biryukov (A Just Russia) 19.0%, Sergey Glumov (Patriots of Russia) 7.4%; turnout 32.9%. Runoff (September 23): Sipyagin 60.4%, Orlova 39.6%; turnout 38.3%.
- Voronezh oblast: acting incumbent Aleksandr Gusev (UR) 73.6%, Nikolay Voronin (CPRF) 13.9%, Oleg Burtsev (LDPR) 6.3%; turnout 44.8%. Gusev takes office September 15.
- Moscow city: incumbent Sergey Sobyanin (independent) 72.2%, Vadim Kumin (CPRF) 11.7%, Ilya Sviridov (A Just Russia) 7.2%, Mikhail Degtyaryov (LDPR) 6.9%; turnout 30.9%. Sobyanin takes office September 18.
- Chukotka autonomous okrug: incumbent Roman Kopin (UR) 60.4%, Yuliya Butakova (LDPR) 19.3%, Vladimir Galtsov (CPRF) 12.8%, Yelena Polovodova (A Just Russia) 7.5%; turnout 60.2%.
Sweden: In parliamentary elections, the Social Democrats win 28.4% of the vote (101 of 349 seats), the Moderates 19.8% (70), the Sweden Democrats 17.6% (62), the Centre Party 8.6% (31), the Left Party 7.9% (28), the Christian Democrats 6.4% (23), the Liberals 5.5% (19), and the Green Party 4.3% (15). Turnout is 84.4%. On September 25 Prime Minister Stefan Löfven is defeated in a confidence vote (204-142).
Mauritania: Former foreign minister (1962-63, 1978-79) Cheikhna Ould Mohamed Laghdaf dies.
China: Lin Hujia, former chairman of the Revolutionary Committee of Tianjin (1978) and chairman of the Revolutionary Committee (1978-79) and mayor (1979-81) of Beijing, dies.
Cook Islands: Tessa Temata is announced as the next high commissioner.
Slovenia: Parliament endorses (45-34) the cabinet of Prime Minister Marjan Sarec (see August 8) and it is sworn in.
Switzerland: The president of the Council of State of Genève, Pierre Maudet, resigns and is replaced by Antonio Hodgers.
Lesotho: Defense Minister Sentje Lebona resigns and Mampho Mokhele is appointed as acting defense minister.
Nigeria: Finance Minister Kemi Adeosun resigns. Zainab Ahmed is appointed acting finance minister; she takes office September 17.
Pakistan: The governor of Gilgit-Baltistan, Mir Ghazanfar Ali Khan, submits his resignation. President Arif Alvi accepts it on September 15 and the speaker of the local assembly, Fida Muhammad Nashad, becomes acting governor. On September 25 Raja Jalal Hussain Maqpoon is appointed governor (sworn in September 30).
Argentina: Former governor of Córdoba (1999-2007, 2011-15) José Manuel de la Sota dies in a car accident.
Bhutan: In the first round of parliamentary elections, Druk Nyamrup Tshogpa wins 31.9% of the vote, Druk Phuensum Tshogpa (Bhutan Peace and Prosperity Party) 30.9%, the ruling People's Democratic Party 27.4%, and the Bhutan Kuen-Nyam Party 9.8%. Turnout is 66.4%. In the second round on October 18, only the first two parties will be allowed to participate for the allocation of the 47 seats.
Mauritania: In parliamentary elections held in two rounds September 1 and 15, the Party of Union for the Republic wins 19.5% of the vote (89 of 157 seats) and the National Rally for Reform and Development (Tewassoul) 11.3% (14). Turnout is 72.5%.
Brazil: Former governor of Espírito Santo (1991-95) Albuíno Cunha de Azeredo dies.
Kazakhstan: Alikhan Smailov is appointed finance minister.
Peru: The government of Prime Minister César Villanueva wins a confidence vote in parliament (82-22).
Bulgaria: Parliament approves a cabinet reshuffle, including Mladen Marinov as new interior minister.
Cayman Islands: Governor Anwar Choudhury is removed from office.
Cook Islands: Internal Affairs Minister Albert Nicholas is removed from office and replaced by Vaine Makiroa Mokoroa.
Morocco: Former prime minister (1971-72, 1983-86, 1992-94) Mohamed Karim Lamrani dies.
Eswatini: In parliamentary elections, 59 nonpartisan members are elected. With 10 members appointed by the king, there are 69 seats.
Nigeria: Former governor of West Central/Kwara (1967-75) David Bamigboye dies.
Vietnam: President Tran Dai Quang dies. Vice President Dang Thi Ngoc Thinh becomes acting president.
Nigeria: In gubernatorial elections in Osun, Ademola Adeleke (People's Democratic Party) wins 35.4% of the vote, Gboyega Oyetola (All Progressives Congress) 35.3%, and Iyiola Omisore (Social Democratic Party) 17.8%. The electoral commission decides that the election is inconclusive because the margin of the leading candidate is lower than the number of electors in the polling units where the election was cancelled. A rerun of the election takes place in these polling units on September 27, and the final results are Oyetola 35.4%, Adeleke 35.3%, Omisore 17.7%; turnout 45.8%. Oyetola is to take office November 27.
South Africa: Former premier of North West (2004-09) Edna Molewa dies.
China: Former governor of Henan (1979-81) Liu Jie dies.
Maldives: In presidential elections, Ibrahim Mohamed Solih (Maldivian Democratic Party) wins 58.3% of the vote and incumbent Abdulla Yameen (Progressive Party of Maldives) 41.7%. Turnout is 89.2%.
Canada: In parliamentary elections in New Brunswick, the Liberal Party wins 37.8% of the vote (21 of 49 seats), the Progressive Conservative Party 31.9% (22), the People's Alliance of New Brunswick 12.6% (3), the Green Party 11.9% (3), and the New Democratic Party 5.0% (0). Turnout is 67.1%.
Moldova: The Constitutional Court rules once again to temporarily suspend President Igor Dodon for his refusal to appoint ministers.
Mexico: Diego Sinhué Rodríguez takes office as governor of Guanajuato.
Russia: President Vladimir Putin accepts the resignation of the governor of Astrakhan oblast, Aleksandr Zhilkin, and of the head of the republic of Kabardino-Balkariya, Yury Kokov. Sergey Morozov is appointed acting governor of Astrakhan and Kazbek Kokov acting head of the republic of Kabardino-Balkariya.
Brazil: Former governor of the Distrito Federal (1988-90, 1991-95, 1999-2006) Joaquim Domingos Roriz dies.
Eswatini: Former prime minister (1996-2003, 2008-18) Sibusiso Barnabas Dlamini dies.
Moldova: Stepan Topal, former chairman of the Supreme Soviet (1990-91) and president (1991-95) of Gagauzia, dies.
Iraq: In parliamentary elections in the autonomous region of Kurdistan, the Kurdistan Democratic Party wins about 45% of the vote (45 of 100 general seats), the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan about 21% (21), the Change Movement (Gorran) about 12% (12), the New Generation Movement about 8% (8), the Kurdistan Islamic Group about 7% (7), and the Toward Reform Coalition about 5% (5); 11 seats are reserved for minorities, giving a total of 111. Turnout is about 60%.
Japan: In gubernatorial elections in Okinawa, Denny Tamaki wins 55.1% of the vote and Atsushi Sakima 43.9%. Turnout is 63.2%.