Angola: Former governor-general (1962-66, 1974) Silvino Silvério Marques (also governor of Cape Verde 1958-62) dies.
San Marino: Anna Maria Muccioli (Christian Democrat) and Gian Carlo Capicchioni (Party of Socialists and Democrats) take office as captains-regent.
Dominica: Charles Savarin is sworn in as president.
Italy: Prime Minister Enrico Letta's government wins a vote of confidence in the Senate (235-70).
Sri Lanka: Former governor of North Western province (1995-99) Hector Arawwawala dies.
Sri Lanka: Dayasiri Jayasekara is sworn in as chief minister of North Western province.
Ethiopia: Parliament elects (by acclamation) Mulatu Teshome Wirtu as president. He is sworn in the same day.
Maldives: The Supreme Court annuls the first round of presidential elections held on September 7. New elections are announced for October 19. On that date, however, a police intervention stops the election. On October 21 it is rescheduled for November 9.
Sri Lanka: C.V. Vigneswaran is sworn in as chief minister of Northern province.
Canada: In parliamentary elections in Nova Scotia, the Liberal Party wins 45.5% of the vote (33 of 51 seats), the New Democratic Party 26.9% (7), and the Conservative Party 26.4% (11). Turnout is about 59%. On October 22 Stephen McNeil is sworn in as premier.
United States: In mayoral elections in Albuquerque, incumbent Richard Berry defeats Pete Dinelli, 68%-29%.
Azerbaijan: In presidential elections, incumbent Ilham Aliyev wins 84.6% of the vote and Jamil Hasanli 5.4%.
Jamaica: Former foreign minister (1995-2000) Seymour Mullings dies.
Nigeria: Former governor of Plateau (1979-83) Solomon Lar dies.
Suriname: President Dési Bouterse sacks his finance minister, Adelien Wijnerman.
Turks and Caicos Islands: Peter Beckingham is sworn in as governor.
Belgium: Former prime minister (1979-81, 1981-92) Wilfried Martens dies (night of October 9/10).
Malawi: President Joyce Banda dissolves her cabinet. On October 15 she names a new cabinet with Maxwell Mkwezalamba as finance minister, other key ministers being reappointed.
Morocco: In a cabinet reshuffle, Salaheddine Mezouar becomes foreign minister, Mohamed Hassad interior minister, and Mohamed Boussaid finance minister.
France: Nicolas Mayer-Rossignol is elected president of the Regional Council of Haute-Normandie; he receives 37 votes, against 13 for Bruno Le Maire.
Niue: Ross Ardern is appointed high commissioner, to take office in February 2014.
Philippines: Former governor of the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (1993-96) Lininding Pangandaman dies.
Vatican City: Pietro Parolin takes office as secretary of state.
Guatemala: Finance Minister Pavel Centeno resigns. María Concepción Castro is appointed interim finance minister.
Norway: Erna Solberg takes office as prime minister with a cabinet including Břrge Brende as foreign minister, Ine Marie Eriksen Sřreide as defense minister, and Siv Jensen as finance minister.
Russia: President Vladimir Putin accepts the resignation of the governor of Ivanovo oblast, Mikhail Men, and appoints Pavel Konkov as acting governor.
Canada: Former lieutenant governor of Newfoundland (1997-2002) A.M. House dies.
Chad: In a cabinet reshuffle, Kordjé Bédoumra is named finance minister and Abderahim Bireme interior minister.
United States: President Barack Obama nominates Jeh Johnson as secretary of homeland security.
Luxembourg: In parliamentary elections, the Christian Social People's Party wins 33.7% of the vote (23 of 60 seats), the Luxembourg Socialist Workers' Party 20.3% (13), the Democratic Party 18.2% (13), the Greens 10.1% (6), the Alternative Democratic Reform Party 6.6% (3), the Left 4.9% (2), and the Pirate Party 2.9% (0). On October 25 Grand Duke Henri asks Xavier Bettel to form a government.
Canada: In mayoral elections in Calgary, incumbent Naheed Nenshi wins 73.7% of the vote and Jon Lord 21.4%. In Edmonton, Don Iveson wins 62.2% of the vote, Karen Leibovici 19.4%, and Kerry Diotte 15.5%; turnout is 34.5%. Iveson is sworn in on October 29.
Azerbaijan: Zakir Hasanov is named to replace Safar Abiyev as defense minister.
Côte d'Ivoire: Former foreign minister (2000) Christophe M'Boua dies.
Indonesia: Saut Situmorang is sworn in as acting governor of Maluku and Ahmad Tanribali Lamo as acting governor of Maluku Utara.
Madagascar: In the first round of presidential elections, Jean-Louis Robinson wins 21.1% of the vote, Hery Rajaonarimampianina 15.9%, Hajo Andrianainarivelo 10.5%, Roland Ratsiraka 9%, and Albert Camille Vital 6.9%. Turnout is 61.8%. The runoff will be held December 20.
Czech Republic: In parliamentary elections held October 25-26, the Czech Social Democratic Party wins 20.5% of the vote (50 of 200 seats), Action of Dissatisfied Citizens 2011 18.7% (47), the Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia 14.9% (33), Tradition Responsibility Prosperity 09 12% (26), the Civic Democratic Party 7.7% (16), Dawn of Direct Democracy 6.9% (14), and the Christian and Democratic Union-Czechoslovak People's Party 6.8% (14). Turnout is 59.5%.
Argentina: In parliamentary elections, the Front for Victory and allies win about 33% of the vote (132 of 257 seats), the Radical Civic Union, Socialist Party, and allies about 21% (54), and the Renewal Front and allies about 17% (19). Turnout is about 79%.
Croatia: Former president of the Presidency (1983-84) Milutin Baltic dies.
Georgia: In presidential elections, Giorgi Margvelashvili wins 62.1% of the vote, Davit Bakradze 21.7%, and Nino Burjanadze 10.2%. Turnout is 47%.
Japan: In gubernatorial elections in Miyagi, incumbent Yoshihiro Murai wins 86.4% of the vote and Masaaki Sato 13.6%. Turnout is 36.6%.
Jersey: Former lieutenant governor (1995-2000) Sir Michael Wilkes dies.
Afghanistan: Zarar Ahmad Moqbel is appointed acting foreign minister and designated for the substantive post.
Canada: In parliamentary elections in Nunavut (turnout about 64%), 22 nonpartisan members are elected, including 2 by acclamation. Premier Eva Aariak is defeated in her riding.
Nigeria: Former governor of Ondo (1985-86) and Lagos (1986-88) Mike Akhigbe dies.
Poland: Former prime minister (1989-91) Tadeusz Mazowiecki dies.
Swaziland: King Mswati III reappoints Sibusiso Barnabas Dlamini as prime minister.
Haiti: Former foreign minister (2006-08) Rénald Clérismé dies.
Peru: César Villanueva is sworn in as new prime minister.
Russia: Konstantin Khramov is approved by the local parliament as prime minister of Kabardino-Balkariya.