Rulers

November 1999

1

Grenada: Mark Isaac becomes foreign minister and Anthony Boatswain finance minister.

2

France: Finance Minister Dominique Strauss-Kahn resigns. Christian Sautter is named to replace him.
Panama: Former president (1969-78) Demetrio Lakas Bahas dies.
United States: Incumbent Paul Patton (Democrat) wins gubernatorial elections in Kentucky with 59% of the vote, against 23% for Peppy Martin (Republican) and 16% for Gatewood Galbraith (Reform). In Mississippi, Ronnie Musgrove (Democrat) and Mike Parker (Republican) win 49% each; the state House of Representatives will choose between them on Jan. 4, 2000.

3

Armenia: President Robert Kocharyan appoints Aram Sarkisyan, brother of the assassinated Vazgen Sarkisyan, as prime minister. In the new government completed on November 13, Haik Harutyunyan becomes interior minister (effective November 15).

Kubilius
Lithuania: Parliament confirms Andrius Kubilius as prime minister (82-20). Vytautas Dudenas becomes finance minister.

4

Czech Republic: Former prime minister of the Czech Socialist Republic (1969) Stanislav Rázl dies.
Tunisia: Former foreign minister (1988-90) Abdelhamid Escheikh dies.

6

Tajikistan: Incumbent Emomali Rakhmonov wins presidential elections with 96% of the vote against 2% for Davlat Usmon. Turnout is 96.3%.

7

Estonia: President Lennart Meri appoints Tarmo Loodus as interior minister. He is sworn in on November 9.
Guatemala: In the first round of presidential elections, Alfonso Portillo Cabrera of the Guatemalan Republican Front (FRG) wins 47.7% of the vote, followed by Óscar Berger Perdomo of the National Advancement Party (PAN) with 30.3% and Álvaro Colom Caballeros of the New Nation Alliance with 12.3%. Turnout is 53.3%. In parliamentary elections the FRG wins 63 of 113 seats and the PAN 37.
Northern Mariana Islands: In parliamentary elections, Republicans win 12 of 18 seats in the House of Representatives.

8


Pourier
Netherlands Antilles: Miguel Pourier becomes prime minister.
Spain: Former president of the Junta of Castilla-La Mancha (1978-83) Antonio Fernández-Galiano dies.

9

Moldova: Prime Minister Ion Sturza is toppled in a no-confidence vote. On November 12 President Petru Lucinschi nominates Valeriu Bobutac as prime minister, but he is rejected by Parliament on November 22.
Morocco: King Muhammad fires Interior Minister Driss Basri and appoints Ahmed Midaoui to the post.

11

Bangladesh: Former president (1973-75) Mohammad Mohammadullah dies.

12


Gupta
India: Ram Prakash Gupta becomes chief minister of Uttar Pradesh.

13

Argentina: Former Chaco governor (1983-87) Florencio Tenev dies.

14


Klimovski
Macedonia: In the presidential election runoff, Boris Trajkovski wins 52.9% of the vote against Tito Petkovski with 45.9%. Turnout is 69.9%. Because of continuing complaints against the result, parliament chairman Savo Klimovski becomes acting president when Kiro Gligorov's term ends on November 19.
Ukraine: In the presidential election runoff, incumbent Leonid Kuchma wins 56.3% against 37.8% for Petro Symonenko. Turnout is 74%.

15

Marshall Islands: In parliamentary elections, the newly formed United Democratic Party upsets the entrenched government party of President Imata Kabua.
Zimbabwe: Former Rhodesian foreign minister (1974-79) Pieter van der Byl dies.

17


Maoate

Woonton
Cook Islands: Prime Minister Joe Williams resigns. The next day he is replaced by Terepai Maoate. Robert Woonton becomes foreign minister.
Tunisia: President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali appoints Mohamed Ghannouchi prime minister. Habib Ben Yahia becomes foreign minister; he is replaced as defense minister by Mohamed Jegham. Abdallah Kallel becomes interior minister.

19

Maldives: Parliamentary elections are held (turnout 74%). There are no political parties in the Maldives.

20

Italy: Former prime minister (1954, 1958-59, 1960-63, 1982-83, 1987) Amintore Fanfani dies.

24

India: Francisco Sardinha is sworn in as chief minister of Goa.
Niger: In the presidential election runoff, Mamadou Tandja wins 59.9% of the vote against 40.1% for Mahamadou Issoufou. Turnout is 39.4%. In parliamentary elections, Tandja's National Movement for the Development Society wins 38 of 83 seats, followed by the Democratic and Social Convention with 17 seats and the Nigerien Party for Democracy and Socialism with 16.

25

Comoros: Said Abeid is named head of state of Anjouan.
United Kingdom: Michael Portillo (Conservative) wins a by-election in Kensington and Chelsea.

Sopé
Vanuatu: Prime Minister Donald Kalpokas resigns. Parliament elects Barak Sopé (Melanesian Progressive Party) as prime minister, with 28 votes against 24 for Edward Natapei (Vanua'aku Pati). Serge Vohor becomes foreign minister and Mokin Steven finance minister.

26


Pavletic
Croatia: The constitutional court declares President Franjo Tudjman temporarily unfit to rule, handing his powers over to parliament speaker Vlatko Pavletic.
Germany: The minister-president of Niedersachsen, Gerhard Glogowski, resigns.

27

New Zealand: In parliamentary elections, the Labour Party wins 39% of the vote (49 of 120 seats), the National Party 30.6% (39), the Alliance 7.8% (10), ACT New Zealand 7% (9), the Green Party 4.9% (7), and the New Zealand First Party 4.3% (5).

28

Guinea-Bissau: In the first round of presidential elections, Kumba Ialá wins 36% of the vote, followed by acting president Malam Bacai Sanhá with 24%, Faustino Fudut Imbali and Fernando Gomes with 8% each, Joăo Tatis Sá with 7%, and Abubacar Baldé with 6%. In parliamentary elections Ialá's Party for Social Renewal wins 36.6% of the vote, the Resistance of Guinea-Bissau 25.7%, and Sanhá's African Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde 24.8%. Turnout is about 80%.
Uruguay: In the presidential election runoff, Jorge Batlle wins 51.6% of the vote as against 44% for Tabaré Vázquez.

29

Malaysia: In parliamentary elections, Prime Minister Mahathir bin Mohamad's Barisan Nasional coalition (with 56.5% of the vote) wins 148 of 193 seats, including 74 for the United Malays National Organization and 27 for Parti Islam. The Democratic Action Party wins 10 seats.

Chen

30

Taiwan: Chen Chien-jen takes office as foreign minister.