November 1998



Christmas Island/Cocos Islands: Graham Nicholls is appointed acting administrator of both territories.
Macedonia: The second round of parliamentary elections is held. Because of irregularities new elections are held in some areas on November 15. The final result gives the "For Change" coalition 63 of 120 parliament seats, the Social Democratic Alliance for Macedonia 28, ethnic Albanian parties 23, others 6. On November 23 Ljubco Georgievski is invited by President Kiro Gligorov to form a new government. Parliament votes in the new government on November 30. It includes Aleksandar Dimitrov as foreign minister, Nikola Kljusev as defense minister, Pavle Trajanov as interior minister, and Boris Stojmenov as finance minister.


Germany: Harald Ringstorff (SPD) becomes minister-president of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern.
Guam: Gubernatorial elections are held, and incumbent Carl T.C. Gutierrez (Democrat) initially appears to have failed to win 50% of the vote. A runoff between him and Joseph Ada (Republican) is avoided when the final results give Gutierrez 53.2% of the vote.
United States: In elections for the House of Representatives and one-third of the Senate, the Republicans keep their majority in both houses. In the House, the Republicans will have 223 seats, compared to 211 Democrats and one independent. In the Senate, the Republicans will have 55 seats, the Democrats 45. Turnout is 36.1%. Results of gubernatorial elections:





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Virgin Islands (U.S.): Charles Turnbull is elected governor, defeating incumbent Roy Schneider 59%-41%.


Bosnia and Herzegovina: Nikola Poplasen takes office as president of the Republika Srpska.


Comoros: President Mohamed Taki Abdoulkarim dies. Tadjidine Ben Said Massounde becomes interim president. On November 22 he appoints Abbas Djoussouf prime minister. Nidhoim Attoumane becomes foreign minister.


Pakistan: Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif names Ishaq Dar as finance minister.


São Tomé and Príncipe: Prime Minister Raul Bragança's Movement for the Freedom of São Tomé and Príncipe wins an absolute majority (31 of 55 seats) in parliamentary elections. The remaining seats are split between the Independent Democratic Action (16 seats) and the Democratic Convergence Party (8 seats).
Venezuela: In parliamentary elections, Hugo Chávez's Patriotic Pole movement wins about 34% of congressional seats, against about 22% for Democratic Action, about 12% for Project Venezuela, and about 11% for COPEI.



Bermuda: In parliamentary elections, the opposition Progressive Labour Party, led by Jennifer Smith, wins 26 of 40 seats (54% of the vote), while the United Bermuda Party of Premier Pamela Gordon wins the remaining 14. Turnout is 77%. Smith is sworn in as premier on November 10.


Germany: Reinhard Klimmt (SPD) becomes minister-president of Saarland.


Moldova: Prime Minister Ion Ciubuc survives a no-confidence vote in parliament.


Morocco: Former French resident-general (1955-56) André Dubois dies.


Czech Republic: In the first round of elections to renew a third of the Senate, held November 13 and 14, candidates of the Civic Democratic Party qualify for runoffs in 22 of the 27 districts. The Social Democrats are next with 15 candidates. Turnout is 42%.
Georgia: Finance Minister Mikhail Chkuaseli resigns. On November 19 Parliament approves David Onoprishvili as new finance minister.
Myanmar: In a cabinet reshuffle, Foreign Minister Ohn Gyaw is replaced by Win Aung.


Burkina Faso: Incumbent Blaise Compaoré wins presidential elections with 87.5% of the vote, against 6.6% for Ram Ouedraogo of the Greens and 5.9% for Frédéric Fernand Guirma of the Front of Refusal of the Democratic African Assembly. Turnout is 56.1%.


Mauritania: Foreign Minister Cheikh El Avia Ould Mohamed Khouna is appointed as prime minister. Ahmed Ould Sid'Ahmed replaces him as foreign minister.


Brazil: Aurélio de Lyra Tavares, member of the military triumvirate of 1969, dies.
Lesotho: Former foreign minister (1983-84, 1994) Evaristus Sekhonyana dies.


Japan: Defense Minister Fukushiro Nukaga resigns. Hosei Norota is named to succeed him.


Czech Republic: The second round of Senate elections held November 20 and 21 leads to the following final result: the "quad coalition" of four centrist and centre-right parties wins 13 of the 27 seats at stake, the Civic Democrats 9, the Social Democrats 3, and the Communists 2. Turnout is about 20%.


Central African Republic: President Ange-Félix Patassé's Movement for the Liberation of the Central African People wins 25 of the 45 seats decided in the first round of parliamentary elections. The Central African Democratic Rally of former military ruler André Kolingba wins 6 seats and the Movement for Democracy and Development of former president David Dacko 5. 64 seats have to be decided in the December 13 runoff.



Samoa: Prime Minister Tofilau Eti Alesana resigns. He is succeeded by Tuilaepa Sailele Malielegaoi.


Lebanon: Émile Lahoud is sworn in as president. On October 30 Prime Minister Rafiq Hariri rejects Lahoud's request to form a new government.


India: The Congress party wins elections in Delhi, Madhya Pradesh, and Rajasthan, but loses in Mizoram. It wins 52 seats in the 70-member Delhi assembly (47.8% of the vote), with the BJP winning 15 (34%); turnout is 49%. In Rajasthan, it wins 153 of 200 seats and the BJP 33; turnout is 63.4%. In Madhya Pradesh, Congress wins 172 of 320 seats, the BJP 119; turnout is 60.2%. In Mizoram, the Mizo National Front wins 21 of 40 seats, the Mizoram People's Conference 12, and the Congress 6; turnout is 76.3%.
Turkey: Prime Minister Mesut Yilmaz loses a confidence vote (314-214) and resigns.
Tuvalu: Sir Fiatau Penitala Teo, a former governor-general (1978-86), dies.


Hun Sen
Cambodia: A royal decree appointing Hun Sen as sole prime minister is announced. On November 30 Hun Sen and his government are voted into office in the National Assembly (99-13) and sworn in. The new government, a coalition of Hun Sen's Cambodian People's Party (CPP) and the National United Front for an Independent, Neutral, Peaceful and Cooperative Cambodia (FUNCINPEC), includes Hor Namhong (CPP) as foreign minister, Tea Banh (CPP) and Prince Sisowath Sirirath (FUNCINPEC) as co-defense ministers, Keat Chhon (CPP) as finance minister, and Sar Kheng (CPP) and You Hockry (FUNCINPEC) as co-interior ministers.
Canada: Don Morin resigns as premier of the Northwest Territories. Goo Arlooktoo becomes acting premier.
India: Luizinho Faleiro is sworn in as chief minister of Goa.
Latvia: Parliament approves a new minority coalition government made up of Latvia's Way, the New Party, and Fatherland and Freedom. Vilis Kristopans of Latvia's Way becomes prime minister, Ivars Godmanis finance minister, Girts Valdis Kristovskis defense minister, and Roberts Jurdzs interior minister.


Finland: Prime Minister Paavo Lipponen wins a confidence vote (132-53).
Kiribati: President Teburoro Tito is reelected, winning 52.3% of the vote, against 45.8% for Harry Tong.


Caribbean Community: Former secretaries-general William Demas (1973-74) and Kurleigh King (1979-83) die.


Grenada: Foreign Minister Raphael Fletcher resigns.


Canada: In Quebec elections, Premier Lucien Bouchard's Parti Québécois, with 42.7% of the vote, wins 75 seats, compared to 48 for the Liberals, who win the popular vote with 43.7%.